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高考英语二轮复习 专题08 动词的时态和语态押题专练(含解析)

时间:2018-08-03

专题 08 动词的时态和语态
1.He had wild black hair flecked with gray and ________(wear)a pink shirt and silk slippers. 【答案】was wearing 【解析】句意:他乱乱的黑发中长有些许白发,身穿粉红色的衬衫,脚上穿着一双丝绸 拖鞋。由于描述当时所穿的衣服、鞋子等,故用过去进行时。 2.Then he ________(hide)behind a tree and waited. 【答案】hid

3.“The night ________(be)very dark.Some neighbors will come along later in the dark and will fall against the stone.” 【答案】will be 【解析】句意:“夜晚将会漆黑,一些邻居漆黑中过来就会被这块石头绊倒。”根据后 面句子中的 will come along 可知,指将会发生的情况。 4.At my school,“dress down” tickets ________(sell)on school days. 【答案】are sold 【解析】句意:我们学校上学日都有“免穿校服”券出售。分析 tickets 与 sell 的语义 关系可知,应用一般现在时的被动语态。 5.I noticed a man sitting at the front.He ________(pretend) that a tiger toy was real and giving it a voice. 【答案】was pretending 【解析】句意:我注意到前面坐着一个男人,他一直佯称老虎玩具是真的并为它配音。 pretend 是过去动作“注意到前面坐着一个男人”发生时正在发生的,故本句用过去进行时。 6.Oh,it looks like Professor Brown is here.I ________(talk) to you some more after class. 【答案】will talk 【解析】句意:奥,好像布朗教授在这里,下课后再和你聊。根据前一句的时态及 after class 判断,talk 是将要发生的动作,故填 will talk。

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7 . Years ago , when I was a poor artist trying to sell my paintings in local galleries,I ________(live) in the heart of the city.

【答案】lived 【解析】句意:多年前,我是一个穷画家,试着在一家当地的美术馆卖画。那时,我住 在市中心。由 years ago 判断,句子用一般过去时,故填 lived。 8.She also ________(believe) in healthy diet.And she requires us to have regular meals. 【答案】believes 【解析】句意:她相信健康饮食,并且要求我们按时吃饭。根据后一句的时态判断,句 子用一般现在时;she 作主语,故填第三人称单数形式 believes。 9.We jumped out of the windows as he came in through the door and ________(go) into the kitchen to take some food for the first time. 【答案】went 【解析】句意:他从门口进来时,我们从窗户跳了出去,第一次从厨房里拿了一些食物。 and 连接并列谓语,go 的形式与前面的 jumped 一致,故填 went。 10.I immediately responded with a smile and my heart felt free of the stress that I ________(carry). 【答案】was carrying/had been carrying 【解析】句意:我立刻报以微笑,而且我心中所带的压力也释放了。根据 felt free 判 断,定语从句的谓语动词 carry 是过去某动作之前在进行的/持续的,可用过去进行时或过去 完成进行时,故可填 was carrying 或 had been carrying。 11.Every answer I gave ________(receive) by a frown from the manager. 【答案】was received 【解析】句意:我的每一个答案经理都是皱眉反应。所填词是句子的谓语,与单数主语 every answer 之间是被动关系;根据从句时态判断用一般过去时的被动语态,故填 was received。 12.I remembered she once ________(tell) me that she would not fall in love with a dark?haired guy. 【答案】told
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13.Paris's cultural diversities ________(present) widely by the fact that many worldwide designers are pleased to show up with their new designs. 【答案】are presented 【解析】句意:巴黎文化的多样化是通过许多世界级的设计师喜欢展示他们的新设计这 个事实体现的。所填词是句子的谓语,与复数主语 diversities 之间是被动关系;根据从句 时态判断用一般现在时的被动语态,故填 are presented。 14.He told me that he ________(overhear) the conversation with the co?worker about helping the sick woman. 【答案】had overheard

二、语法填空 Dad quit drinking exactly one year before I was born.He joined a group of other people.He said they __1__(stop) drinking,too.I loved my dad __2__ I hated the way his weekly meetings took him away from me.It seemed that they were more important to him than I was.But with my birthday coming up I thought Dad __3__(make) an exception.I begged him not to miss it but __4__(refuse).He said,“I am chairing the meeting this Saturday.We __5__(have) your party on Sunday.Why not come with me together tonight ? It's an open meeting.All __6__(be) welcome.” I agreed.Maybe I needed to see why something Dad did every week mattered so much. After we arrived , Dad announced __7__ theme of the meeting was going to be gratitude.He told his story about giving up smoking.__8__(late),a man called Dave also told his story.Only then did I know it was Dad that saved his life __9__ drinking.Showing up week after week and meeting with people , Dad __10__(change) lives.Shame washed over me. 1 . had stopped stopped。 2.but 由 loved 与 hated 之间的对比判断本空填转折连词 but。 stop 发生在过去动作 said 之前,应用过去完成时,故此处填 had

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3.would make 根据前面的 coming up 判断,make 是在过去看来将来要发生的动作,故 填 would make。 4.was refused 句子的主语是 I,与 refuse 之间是被动关系,故填 was refused,构 成一般过去时的被动语态。 5.will have 该句是直接引用的,根据 this Saturday 判断,have 是将来的动作,故 填 will have。 6.are 句子用一般现在时,all 指代人,故填 are。 7.the 特指本次会议的主题,故 theme 前用定冠词。 8.Later 此处表示“稍后”意义,作状语,故填副词 Later。 9.from save...from...“从……拯救……”,是固定搭配。

10 . was changing changing。 三、短文改错

此处表示一个逐渐变化的过程,故用进行时,所以本空填 was

Nowadays,with the growing popularity of computers,students were paying less and less attention to handwriting. According to a recently survey , many students don't want to improve their handwriting for various reason.52 percent of them think that they can just use a computer,so there was no need to waste time improving our handwriting.32 percent believe that they are too busy with the study that they have no time to practicing, and 16 percent think that practicing handwriting is useless. As the saying went,writing style shows the man.Beautiful and neat handwriting is great benefit, especially for students.Therefore, in my opinion, the more importance should be attached to handwriting from now on. Nowadays,with the growing popularity of computers,students and less attention to handwriting. According to a recently survey , many students don't want to improve their recent reason .52 percent of them think that they can just use a reasons were paying less are

handwriting for various

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computer,so there

was our no need to waste time improving handwriting.32 percent is their too practicing busy with the study that they have no time to , so practice

believe that they are

and 16 percent think that practicing handwriting is useless. As the saying ∧ went ,writing style shows the man.Beautiful and neat handwriting goes more

is

great benefit,especially for students.Therefore,in my opinion, of或a

importance should be attached to handwriting from now on.

5.上文主语是 students,本句中的 them 和 they 均指代 students,此处应与上文保持 一致。 6.so...that...为固定搭配,意为“如此……以至于……”,that 引导结果状语从句。 7.have no time to do sth.“没有时间做某事”,后面须用 to 加动词原形构成动词不 定式。

8.根据上下文可知,本文时态是一般现在时。as the saying goes“常言道,正如俗话 所说”。 9.be of/a great benefit 为固定搭配,意为“有很大益处”。 10.attach importance to 为固定短语,意为“重视”,importance 前不加冠词。

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