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高考英语书面表达必背材料

时间:2010-08-31


高考英语书面表达必背材料

时间:2007年09月22日

作者:佚名

来源:英语周报

TO RISE EARLY 论早起 I do not know the reason why some people want to get up late. They will never have the opportunity to enjoy (of enjoying) the fresh air and calmness of the morning. This is indeed a quite regrettable thing. To rise early is a good habit (which) we should cultivate. Why? Because the best time when we can pursue our studies is in the morning. In addition, early rising is also good to our health. I hope that everybody our knows the reason why we must rise early. 我不知道某些人要晚起的理由。 他们永不会有机会来享受早晨的新鲜空气和宁静。 这真 是一件发令人遗憾的事情。 早起是我们应该养成的一种良好习惯。 为什么?因为早晨是我们 从事学业的大好时间。再者,早起对我们健康也有益处。我希望每个人应该知道我们必须早 起的理由。 A LETTER TO A FRIEND 一封给友人的信 Dear X, We have not seen each other for a long time. I miss (think of) you very much. I wish (that) I had wings and could fly to your home. However, this is impossible! Father (My father) has gone abroad of late. If I had had time then, I would have accompanied him. Only Mother (my mother) and I are at home now (at present). We are leading (living) a quiet and happy life. We look as if we were fairies. I hope (that) I can hear from you very often. Sincerely yours. 亲爱的××: 我们彼此有好久没有见面了。我十分想我。我希望我有双翅膀而且能够飞到你家去。然 而,这是不可能的!我父亲最近出国了。我那时如果有时间的话,我就会陪着他去。现在家 里只有我母亲和我。我们过着一个很宁静而快乐的生活。我们看起来好像神仙似的。希望我 能常常接到你的信。祝你好 ××× 敬上 CHOOSING FRIENDS 选择朋友

A man who is careful in choosing friends will certainly derive benefit from them. Why? Because there are more false friends than real ones in this world. To have one real friends is better than a hundred false ones. Friends who flatter you to your face are not true friends. We must make friends with those who have good character and kindness of heart. On the other hand, we should do our best to a void keeping company with bad people. 一个小心选择朋友的人一定会从他们那里获得益处。 为什么?因为在这个世界里假朋友 比真朋友要多。 有一个真朋友要比有一百个假朋友来得好。 凡是当面奉承你的朋友不是真朋 友。我们必须和凡是具有良好品格和心地善良的人交朋友。反过来说,我们应尽力避免结交 坏人。 美德及其它 THRIFT 节俭 There is not a (no) thrifty man but becomes a rich man sooner or later. Why? Because he will not spend such money as is unnecessary. Little by little his money will accumulate. Ten to one, he is bound to make a fortune. I do not like such men as spend their money in a wrong way. They do not know extravagance is a bad thing. It can only make them happy for the time being. In short, thrift makes poor men rich and extravagance makes rich men poor. 没有一个节俭的人迟早不成为一个富翁。 为什么?因为他决不花像那种不必要的钱。 渐 渐他的钱就会聚积起来。十之八九,他一定会发财的。 我不喜欢那种乱花钱的人。 他们不知道奢侈是一件坏事。 它只能够使他们暂时快乐而已。 总而言之,节俭使穷人变富,奢侈使富人变穷。 PERSEVERANCE 毅力/坚忍 毅力/ Needless to say, nothing but perseverance can lead a man to the way of success. In other words, a persevering man never does his work without succeeding in it. This is indeed unchangeable truth. Our National Father, Dr. Sun Yat-Sen, is the most ideal example. He was devoted to the revolution about forty years. He met with many failures, but he was anything but discouraged. As a result, he won. The Republic of China was born. 不需说,只有毅力才能引导人迈向成功之途。换句话说,一个具有毅力的人做工作终是 (never...without)会把它做成功的。这真是不易之定理也。我们国父孙中山先生是一个最理想 的例了.致力国民革命凡四十年。他遭遇到许多次的失败,但是他决不灰心。结果,他赢了。 中华民国诞生了。 INDUSTRY (DILIGENCE) 勤勉

It is a matter of course that industry will bring us success, wealth and good luck. I am sure that a hard-working person can always succeed in the work which he wants to do. This is unchangeable truth. Idleness is the opposite of industry. It is the source of all evil. An idle man only enjoys playing and making pleasures. That he is doomed to failure is of no doubt. We should not follow his example. 勤勉会带给我们成功, 财富和好运乃是当然之事。 我确信一个苦干的人终是能够做成功 他所要做的工作。这是不易之定理。懒惰是勤勉的反面。它是万恶之源泉。一个懒惰的人只 享受玩耍和寻乐。他命运注定失败是毫无疑问的。我们不应学他的榜样。 WHERE THERE IS A WILL, THERE IS A WAY 有志者事竟成 The secret of success (The key to success) is not so much money as a strong will. A great man is one who has a strong will and an indomitable spirit. In other words, if a man does not have a strong will to win (get) the final victory, he will never succeed in his life. He is no more than a failure. It is quite obvious that there is no difficult thing (nothing difficult) in the world. If you make up your mind to do it, you will certainly accomplish your end. That stands to reason. 成功的要诀不是金钱而是一个坚强的意志(用 not so mush... as) 。一个大人物是一个具 有坚强意志和不屈不挠精神的人。 换句话说, 如果一个人没有坚强意志去获得最后胜利的人, 他终其一生永远不会成功。他只不过是(用 no more than)一个失败者。很显明的世界上并 没有难事。如果你下定决心去做它,你一定会达到目的。那是显而易见的。 BE PATRIOTIC 要爱国 It is the duty of every citizen to make the country rich and powerful (To make the country rich and strong is...). In order to accomplish this object one must be patriotic (love his country). I consider this an unchangeable truth. How can a student love his country (be patriotic)? I find my answer very simple and clear. He must study hard and store up knowledge so as to serve his (the) country in the future. If every student can do according to what I said, the country will certainly be rich and powerful. 要使国家富强是每个公民的责任。为了达到此目的,必须爱国。我认为这是一条不易的 定理。 一个学生如何才能爱国呢?我发觉答复很简单明了。 他必须用功读书并积储知识以便将 来服务国家。如果每个学生能按照我所说的去做,国家一定会富强。 THE VALUE OF TIME 爱惜时光 An English proverb says that time is money. I consider it (this) wrong. Why? Because we all know that we can earn money be work but can not in any way get back time (in anyway). For this

reason, we may (can) say that time is more valuable than money. Many people do not know the value of time. It (this) is indeed a great pity. We must bear (keep) in mind that wasting time is equal to wasting your life. 英国有句谚语说,时间就是金钱。我认为这是不对的。为什么?因为我们大家都知道我 们能够用工作赚钱,但无论如何却无法把时间争取回来。基于此种理由,我们可以说时间比 钱钱更宝贵。 许多人不知爱惜时光。 这确实是可惜的。 我们必须记住浪费时间等于浪费生命。 TO BE PATIENT 要忍耐 When someone disagrees with you or offends you, don’t lose your temper. Why? Because it is of no use to do so. You ought to (should) be patient and keep calm lest you should quarrel with him. You must know that patience is not cowardice, but a virtue. I hope that everybody practices it. In addition, patience will also bring us success. When you meet with difficulties in your work, it is no use losing heart. You must keep on fighting until (till) the final victory belongs to you. 当有人和你意见不同或开罪你的时候, 你切不可发脾气。 为什么?因为这样做是无用的 (用 of no use) 。你应当忍耐并且保持冷静,唯恐和他争吵。你必须知道忍耐不是弱而是一 种美德。我希望人人都实行它。 另外,忍耐也会带给我们成功。当你在工作中遭遇到困难 的时候,灰心是无用的。你必须继续作战直到最后胜利属于你为止。 FACTORS OF SUCCESS 成功要素 I would rather suffer hardships than fail. In other words, to achieve success is my only desire. We all know that there are many factors of success. Now let me write down the most important ones in the following. Diligence―Foolish as a person is, he can succeed in his work if he works hard. That does not admit of any doubt. Perseverance―When you fail, don’t lose heart. Keep on working until you accomplish your aim. Honesty―If you tell lies or does not keep your words, no one will rely on you. I would rather be scolded than cheat (others). 我宁愿受苦难不愿失败。换句话说,获致成功是我唯一的愿望。我们大家知道成功要素 很多。现在让我们把它们最重要的写在下面。勤勉??一个人虽然不大聪明,但是他地能做成 他的工作,如果他苦干的话。那是不容置疑的毅力??当你失败的时候,不要灰心。要继续工 作,直到你达到目的为止。诚实??如果你说谎或不守信,没有人会信赖你。我宁愿挨骂不愿 欺骗人。 HONESTY IS THE BEST POLICY 诚为上策 There is an English proverb which says (saying) “Honesty is the best policy.” It signifies the importance of honesty. What are the benefits of honesty? If you are honest to others, they will be honest to you in return. When you are sad, they will comfort you. When you are in trouble, they

will help you. There is no enumerating the evils of dishonesty here. In a word, a dishonest man will be looked down upon by others and (be) regarded as a public enemy. 英国有一句谚语说“诚为上策”。它说明了诚的重要性。诚的益处是什么?如果 你对他 人诚实,他们也会对你诚实作为报答。当你忧愁的时候,他们会安慰你。当你是处在困难中 的时候,他们会帮助你。无法在这里数不诚实的害处。一言以蔽之,一个不诚实的人会被人 看轻的而且被看作为一个公敌。 DUTIES OF A STUDENT 学生的责任 Education is the very thing that we want to receive. Our parents send us to school so as to enable us to get (obtain) knowledge and achieve great things in the future. The following are the duties of a student (which) we should keep in mind. In the first place, we should be filial to our parents and respectful to our teacher. In the second place, we have to (must ) study as hard as we can. In the third place, we must not tell lies. Last of all, we must not criticize others. To sum up, the above-mentioned rules are the very duties of a student. 教育就是我们要接受的东西。我们父母送我们上学以便能使人们获得知识与将来成大 事。下面是我们应该记住的学生的责任。我们应对父母要孝顺,对老师要尊敬。我们要尽可 能的用功读书。我们切不可说谎。最后,我们不要批评别人。总而言之,上面所说的规则就 是我们应尽的责任。 THE NATIONAL FLAG 国旗 It is the duty of every citizen to honor the national flag. Why? Because the national flag is the symbol of a (the) country. To respect it means to respect the country. In other words, if a man loves his country, he must love the national flag. In school, the national flag is usually raised at a certain time every day. Then the principal, teachers, staff and students are to (must) stand before it and sing the national anthem. It is indeed extremely meaningful to attend such a ceremony. 尊敬国旗是每个公民的责任(义务) 。为什么?因为国旗是国家的象征。尊敬它意思就 是尊敬国家。换句话说,如果一个人爱国, 他必须爱国旗。 在学校里, 通常每天定时要升旗。 那时,校长,老师,教职员学生教师将恭敬地站在它前面并且唱国歌。参加此项仪式确实非 常有意义。 THE IMPORTANCE OF EDUCATION 教育的重要性 It is impossible for us to make our country rich and strong without developing education. Why? Because education gives people knowledge and teaches them how to become good citizens so as to be able to serve their country. No wonder they say that education decides the progress, prosperity and civilization of a country. At present (Nowadays) most countries in (of) the world are enforcing compulsory education. It is necessary for all kinds of people, both rich and poor, to receive education. Taiwan is an exception as well not.

我们不可能使我们的国家富强而不发展教育。 为什么?因为教育给予人民知识并教他们 如何成为好公民以便能为国家效力。难怪,有人说教育决定一个国家的进步,繁荣与文化。 现在世界大多数的国家都在实施强迫教育。所有各类人民不论贫富都必须接受教育。 WAR 战争 Though the people in the world are all opposed to war, they can by no means avoid it. This is indeed a regrettable thing. War is very terrible. Everybody hears it with fear. In a war thousands and thousands of lives will be lost and a large amount of money (will be) wasted. It brings us untold miseries and damage. To sum up, so long as war is unavoidable, human beings cannot enjoy lasting peace. How tragical their fate is! 虽然世界的人民都反对战争, 但是他们却无法能够避免它。 这确实是件非常令人遗憾的 事情。 战争是非常可怕的。 每个人听到它都害怕。 在一次战争中, 成千成万的人丧失了生命, 大量金钱浪费了。它带给我们无穷尽的痛苦和损失。总而言之,只要战争不可避免,人类不 可能享受持久的和平。他们的命运是多么悲惨呀! MONEY 钱 Everybody wishes (hopes) to get money so that he can maintain his livelihood. In other words, money is so useful that it is impossible for mankind to live without it. For this reason, we have an interesting proverb. It says “Money can make the world go around.” In a word, money is more powerful than anything else. However, money should not be wasted. It must be used for (some) proper purposes. We young men should form the good habit of not spending money in the wrong way. 每个人为了能够维持生活,所以都希望得到钱。换句话说,钱是非常有用,所以没有它 人类即无法生活。基于此种理由,我们有一句有趣的谚语。它说有“钱能使鬼推磨”。一言以 蔽之, 钱比任何另外的东西更有力量。 然而, 钱不应该被浪费掉。 它必须用于正当的用途上。 我们青年人应该养成不乱花钱的好习惯。 THE CHINESE NEW YEAR 中国新年 I like the Chinese new year better than any other festival. This is a time especially for rest and joy. I need not study. I wear good clothes and eat good food. I have a good time from morning till night. To be frank with you, I am as happy as a king. The Chinese new year lasts as long as fifteen days. It gives us more pleasure than we have imagined. After that we have to(比用 must 来得好) resume our normal work. 我喜欢中国新年比喜欢其它任何节日更甚。 这是一个专为休息和欢乐的时间。 我不需要 读书。我穿好衣服,吃好东西。我每天从早到晚日子过得轻松愉快。坦白地说,我和皇帝一 样快乐。中国新年持续十五天之久,它给我们的欢乐比我们想像中的更多。之后,我们就得 恢复我们正常的工作了。

THE ZOO 动物园 The zoo is the most interesting place that I have ever seen in my whole life. It is like a garden which shows (exhibits) various kinds of animals, birds and insects. It is indeed a good idea to pay a visit to the zoo during school holidays. The more you look at the animals, the happier you will become. Of (Among) all the animals, the monkey is (monkeys are) the funniest. That’s my opinion. Do you agree? 动物园是我一生中所知道的最有趣的地方。 它像一个各种类类动物, 鸟类以及昆虫展览 的花园。在学校放假期间,参观一下动物园,确实是一个好主意。你越喜欢看动物,你将越 变得快乐。在所有动物中,猴子是最滑稽的。那是我的意见。你同意么? MY NATIVE TOWN 我的故乡 My native town is X. We have settled down here since my grandfather was a child. In other words, my family has lived here for more than one hundred years. It is a small village. There are about one thousand inhabitants. Most of them are farmers. The mode of their living is very simple. However, they have already possessed television sets and refrigerators. They made up their minds to live a modern life. 我的故乡是 X。我们自从祖父是小孩时,就定居在此地。换句话说,我们家人在此地已 经住了一百余年了。这个小村庄。居民大约有一千人。他们大部分是农夫。他们的生活方式 很简单。然而,他们已拥有电视和冰箱。他们下定决心要过一个现代的生活。 HOW TO BE A GOOD CITIZEN 如何做一个好公民 My aim is to become a good citizen so as to be able to render service to the (my) country. However, to become a good citizen is not an easy thing. He has many duties to fulfill. The first duty of a good citizen is to love his country. He is to (must) be ready to sacrifice even his own life for the country. His second duty is to obey the law and help the government (to) maintain order. If everybody can do so, the country will be rich and strong (powerful). 我的志向是做一个好公民以便能给国家效力。 然而, 做一个好公民不是一件容易的事情。 他有许多责任要尽。 一个好公民第一件责任是爱他的国家。 他须准备为国家牺牲自己的生命。 他第二件责任是服从法律并且帮助政府维持治安。 如果人人都能这样做的话, 国家必定富强。 A MODEL STUDENT 模范学生 Do you mind being called a bad student? Of course not. So far as I know, everybody intends to be (become) a model student. However, to be a model student is by no means an easy thing. First, he must do his best to obtain knowledge. A man without sufficient knowledge will not succeed. Secondly, he must remember to improve his health. Only a strong man can do great tasks. Thirdly, he should receive moral education. If his conduct is not good, no one will consider

making friends with him. 你介意被称为坏学生吗?当然不。就我所知,每个人都打算做模范学生。然而,做模范 学生却不容易。第一,他必须尽力获得知识(求知) 。一个没有足够知识的人是不会成功的。 第二,他必须记住促进健康。只有强壮的人才能做大事。第三,他应该接受道德教育。如果 他品行不好,没有人会考虑和他交朋友的。 MY MOTHER 我的母亲 My mother is a woman of the old school. She is too conservative to keep up with the times. However, she is good-natured and treats others sincerely. For this reason, all her neighbors are only too glad (pleased) to make friends with her. They consider her a model woman. She is a typical housewife. She keeps the (her) house neat and clean and looks after us with extreme care. She often says to us, “You cannot study too hard.” 我母亲是中国老式女子。她太保守无法跟上时代。然而,她性情善良,待人诚恳。基于 此种理由,所有她的邻居都十分高兴和她结交朋友。他们认为她是模范女子。她是一位标准 的家庭主妇。她把家保持整洁。她小心翼翼地照顾我们。她时常对我们说:“你们越用功越 好”。


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