2018～2019 学年度高三上学期期中考试 英语试题
本试卷分第 I 卷（选择题）和第 II 卷（非选择题）两部分。满分 150 分，考试时间 120 分钟。 请在答题卷上作答。
第一部分 听力（共两节，每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 第一节（共5小题；每小题1.5分，满分7.5分） 听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选 项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读 下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What will the man most probably do next? A. Go to buy some cookies. B. Go to borrow some cookies. C. Go to get some cookies from the kitchen. 2. How do the two speakers probably go to the cinema? A. On foot. B. By taxi. C. By car.
3. Where does this conversation most probably take place? A.In a department store. B.In a school. C. In a restaurant
4. Where does the conversation most probably take place? A. In a street. B. In a taxi. C. On a bus.
5. What place is the woman most probably taking the child to? A. A theme park. B. A zoo. C. A cinema.
第二节 （共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白，每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选 项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小 题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 8 题。 6. What is Martin doing in Toronto? A. Going on a business trip. B. Taking partin a reunion.
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C. Visiting a former classmate.
7. How longer will Martin stay in Toronto? A.Aweek. . B.Threedays. C. Ten days.
请听第 7 段材料，回答 8 至 10 题。 8. What day is it today? A. Wednesday. B. Thursday. C. Friday.
9. What does the girl want to do? A. Go to a friend's party. B. Desigri a party for a friend. C. Celebrate her birthday with her friends. 10. What does the girl promise to do? A. Help with the cleaning after the party. B. Clean the house before the party. C. Go to buy some food. 请听第 8 段材料，回答第 11 至 13 题。 11. How old is the woman's son now? A. 10. B. 16. C. 22.
12. Why does the woman want to sell the house? A. Because she needs money for her son's college fees. B. Because her family is moving to another country. ; C. Because she has bought a better house nearby. 13. What does the man decide to do? A. Buy a cheaper house. have a look. 请听第 9 段材料，回答第 14 至 17 题。 14. What is the woman' s mother probably doing? A. Eating. B. Working. C. Shopping. B. Buy the house at once. C. Ask his wife to .
15. Why does the man visit the girl's home? A. To explain why he didn’t answer the phone. B. To talk about some matters with the girl’s father. C. To ask the girl about her college studies. 16. What did May probably major in at college? A. Law. B. Computer. C. Medicine.
17. When will the girl's mother come back home?
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A. At about 9:00 am.
B. At about 8:30 pm.
C At about 9:00 pm.
请听第 10 段材料，回答 18 至 20 题。 18. When will they set out? A. At 7:30 am. 19. Who is the speaker? A. A student of that school. guide. 20. How many students will go there? A. 40. B. 50. C. 60. B. A teacher of that school. C. A tour B. At 8:00 am. C. At 8:45 am.
第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分40分） 第一节（共15小题；每小题2分，满分30分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C和D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。 A EVERY YEAR, millions of Americans see their personal information leak into the wrong hands. Maybe there’s spyware on their computer, or a service they use suffered a security reach --- as eBay did this year, leaving customers at risk of exposure. Or perhaps their password is easy to guess: Security company SplashData reports that the most popular passwords in 2013 were 123456 and password. Fear not: It is a lot easier than you might think to set up proper defenses. In fact, you can easily do it all in a weekend. Here’s how. Clean Your Computer And Smartphone Before you put new security measures into place, make sure your devices are as spotless as possible. This means installing a good antivirus program and taking the time to clear out any spy- or malware that may have already infected your system. Go with AVG Free Antivirus (free. Avg. com) or Avast! (avast. com) ---each is free. Run a full system scan. This can take over an hour, so start it before settling into other plans. When you return to your computer, clear out anything that shouldn’t be there with a few simple steps (the program will guide you). These days, it’s also worth it to make sure your phone is safe from viruses. iPhones are less likely to be targeted by spyware, but Android users should download the Lookout app (lookout.
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com) to scan their devices and ensure everything is as it should be. Security Your Wi-Fi Now that your computer is clean, you should plug any holes in your home network. It’s fairly easy for potential criminals to gain access to your information if they’re able to share your connection --- that’s why you want to be careful when using public Wi-Fi. For your home, the Federal Communications Commission recommends a few steps. Even though you put security measures into place a couple of years ago, it’s a good idea to refresh your settings. You may have to refer to the instructions for your wireless router or call tech support for help. Different routers will have different setup pages, so the actual step-by-step will vary, but the end result will be the same. Dig Deep with Your Passwords Everything you just accomplished could be for nothing if a thief has your existing passwords, so you need to change them for every service you use. Try it when you find yourself on those sites anyway. What you’ve heard is true: Passwords should use a variety of special characters, numerals, letters, and cases when possible. They should be close to random, and there should be a different one for each website you use. Doing this, and keeping track of it all, is a pain --- which is why people don’t do it and wind up with stolen identities. Try Dashlane (dashlane.com), a password manager with powerful encryption (加密) that can securely keep track of the most ridiculous codes you can come up with. Best of all, it logs you into sites automatically, so there’s no need to worry about all those obscure keystrokes. Whew! Never Answer Unwanted Email Take are when shopping online. Always check the security symbols when using an online site for shopping. If the lock icon encryption is not there, do not give out credit details. Also, check that the site is legal --- never go to a site from a random email and start shopping online. Go to the site through a known URL or by searching for it on a search engine first. Keep a separate credit card just for online shopping. This will make it easier to
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cancel if something bad does happen and your other credit card for “in real life” can still be used uninfluenced. Don’t store information on any store’s website. It may be conventional but it’s also a possible loss to you if the site is hacked. 21.The passage is mainly about _____________. A. ways of avoiding online identity theft B. tips of freeing computers from viruses C. measures to ensure network security D. steps to keep track of passwords 22.According to the passage, the risk of exposing personal information may possibly be caused by ___________. A. the applications of antivirus programs B. the practice of using public Wi-Fi C. the difficult access to the passwords D. the separate credit card for online shopping 23.To put new security measures into place, we need to ____________. A. clear out of everything in the system B. make a random selection of network C. get rid of potential spyware D. refresh the infected system 24.Which of the following is the improper way to shop online? A. Adopting a unique password for every website. B. Shopping online at reliable websites. C. Keeping credit details safe by checking security symbols. D. Monitoring credit card by storing information. B Tips for Getting the Most out of a “Photo walk” Photo walks are a great way to get out and get clicking, either by yourself, with a couple of friends, or with a group of people. They can be wonderful for seeing a neighborhood or wild space with new eyes, getting inspired to be more creative with
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angles and subjects, as well as simply spending time with fun people. Here are a few tips for making sure you get the most out of a photo walk. Pick a spot with lots of interest A photo walk is a perfect excuse to go exploring a new area. However, if you’ve never been to the scene before, you might be disappointed at the final photos. Base your chosen spot on what you feel like photographing---whether that is buildings, people, busy streets, a festival, nature and so on, and make sure the place you’re heading for is filled with what you most want to shoot. It will pay off in a satisfying walk if you research your chosen spot beforehand and know what to expect. Invite anyone, no matter what their skill level is You’ll be surprised at what you learn from people who seem to know nothing about photography. Even with a simple camera, they can catch some outstanding photos. So bring Aunt Betty or your 10-year-old nephew or anyone else whose company you might enjoy on a walk and keep an open mind. Don’t forget them Be sure to take the important small things, such as an extra memory card (or two), an extra fully charged battery, comfortable shoes and clothing. And remember a notepad and pen for taking down notes about places, times, conditions, the names and information of people you meet and any other information you might want to remember about certain shots. Keep an eye out for danger Apart from watching the sky for rain, you’ll want to watch out for other people as well. Smartphones are always a target for thieves but they have become much clearer about the value of digital cameras. Don’t make yourself a target by standing for a very long time holding your camera out in front of you. If you’re in an area that is really busy or you aren’t super comfortable, then just be careful about when to use your camera. Imagine your shot in your head before holding up your camera, or use a camera belt wrapped around your wrist or shoulder. 25.To choose a place for a photo walk, you are suggested to _______. A. spend time discussing with fun people
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B. decide the place on your interest C. choose famous places D. find a new area 26.The people you go photo walking with _______. A. must know the area well B. have learned photography C. would like to explore the places for you D. enjoy walking with you and keep an open mind 27.You are supposed to hold the camera around your wrist or shoulder in case _______. A. it is stolen by a thief B. it gets wet in the rain C. it loses some information D. it falls down on the ground C Take That Tiger Mom In the ongoing battle between Tiger Moms, French Mamas, and everyone else who wants to know what is the best way to raise their kids, a new study adds evidence that the extreme Tiger-style may do more harm than good. Authoritarian parents are more likely to end up with disrespectful children with violent behaviors, the study found, compared to parents who listen to their kids with the goal of gaining trust. It was the first study to look at how parenting styles affect the way teens view their parents and, in turn, how they behave. The study considered three general styles of parenting. Authoritative parents are demanding and controlling while also being warm and sensitive to their children’s needs. Authoritarian parents, on the contrary, are demanding and controlling without the appearance of caring, attachment and receptiveness. They take a “my way or the highway” approach to their kids. Permissive parents, the third group, have warm and receptive qualities, but they
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set few boundaries and carry out few rules. Using data on early 600 kids from an ongoing study of middle school and high school students in New Hampshire, researchers from the University of New Hampshire were able to find “my way or the highway” parenting with more violent behaviors like robbery, drug-taking, and attacking someone else with the intention of hurting or killing. Firm but loving parenting, on the other hand, led to fewer lawbreakers. Permissive parenting, surprisingly, didn’t seem to make much of a difference either. To explain the link between parenting style and behavior in kids, the researchers suggested that what matters most is how reasonable kids think their parents’ power is. This sense comes when kids trust that their parents are making the best decisions for them and believe that they need to do what their parents say even if they don’t always like how their parents are treating them. When kids respect the power of their parents, the researchers reported in the journal of Adolescence, their behavior is better. Previous research has also linked firm but caring parenting with kids who have more self-control and independence. “When children consider their parents to be the reliable figure, they trust the parents and feel that they have a duty to do what their parents tell them to do,” said lead researcher Pick Trinkner. “This is very important as the parent doesn’t have to rely on a system of rewards and punishments to control behavior and the child is more likely to follow the rules when the parent is not physically present.” 28.Tiger Moms and French Mamas are mentioned in the passage to _______. A. give an example of authoritarian parenting B. show the advantage of parenting C. compare two types of parenting D. introduce the topic 29.According to the research, what kind of parenting style is likely to cause children’s criminal behaviors? A. Caring parenting. C. Authoritarian parenting. B. Permissive parenting. D. Authoritative parenting.
30.Which of the following probably belongs to the action of the permissive parents?
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A. Allowing the kids to stay up late at weekends as the kids like. B. Beating the kids if the kids don’t follow their instructions. C. Listening to the kids’ request and giving their demands. D. Setting some rules and checking the kids’ behaviors. 31.According to the passage, children are more likely to obey the rules when _______. A. their parents listen to them totally B. they believe in and accept their parents C. their parents are sensitive to their needs D. their parents demand and control their behaviors D Cheerleading is the fastest growing girls' sport, yet more than half of Americans do not believe it is a sport. Actually, competitive cheerleading is a sport. A sport is a “physical activity against/with an opponent, governed by rules and conditions under which a winner is declared, and the primary purpose of the competition is a comparison of the relative skills of the participants. "Because cheerleading follows these guidelines, it is a sport. Competitive cheerleading includes lots of physical activities. Like gymnasts, cheerleaders must learn to tumble (翻滚) . They perform lifts and tosses. This is where the "flied' are thrown in the air, held by "bases" in different positions that require strength and cooperation with other teammates. Just as basketball and football have guidelines for competitive play, so does competitive cheerleading. The whole routine has to be completed in less than 3 minutes and 15 seconds and the cheerleaders are required to stay within a certain area. Competitive cheerleaders' goal is to be the best. Just like gymnasts, they are awarded points for difficulty, creativity and sharpness. The more difficult a mount, the sharper the motions, the better the score. Cheerleading is a team sport so without cooperation, first place is out of reach. Cheerleading is the number-one cause of serious sports injuries to women. Emergency room visits for cheerleading are five times the number of those for any other sport, partially because they do not wear protective gear (特定活动的服装、
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设别）. While many athletes are equipped with hip pads or helmets, smiling cheerleaders are tossed into the air and spiral down into the arms of trusted teammates. The fliers must remain tight at all times so that their bases can catch them safely. Also, because cheerleading is not yet recognized as a sport by many schools, neither proper matting nor high enough ceilings are provided to ensure safety. Instead, the girls use whatever space is available. More recognition of competitive cheerleading as a sport would decrease the number of injuries. So why do many Americans not think cheerleading is a sport? Some people argue that cheerleaders are just "flirts in skirts" with their only job to entertain the crowd, but cheerleaders today work just as hard as other athletes.
Hopefully, cheerleading will become as well-known a sport as football and basketball, and even appear in the Olympics since cheerleaders are just as athletic and physically fit as those involved in the more accepted sports. 32.What does the underlined word "bases" in Paragraph 3 refer to? A. Strength and cooperation. B. Lifts and tosses. C. Supporting teammates. D. Physical activities 33.Gymnasts are mentioned in the passage to _________. A. explain the dangers of cheerleading B. show their similarities with cheerleaders C. suggest cheerleaders learn to do gymnastics D. present the guidelines of gymnastic movements 34.It can be learned from the passage that cheerleading ________ A. is a good sport for all people B. lacks necessary guidelines to follow C. is more than a form of entertainment D. enjoys greater popularity than other sports 35.This passage is written mainly to A. attract more girls to cheerleading
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B. draw people's attention to cheerleading C. call for more recognition of competitive cheerleading as a sport D. criticize some Americans who do not think cheerleading as a sport 第二节(共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分) 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Natural sites and historic buildings, when left alone, can slowly be in bad condition. 36.For these reasons we must protect them. “World Heritage" is the title given to places chosen from natural sites and buildings around the world. These places are considered special, valuable and require protection. They may be places of nature or cultural heritages that are the pride of the people in the country. 37. Each is a treasure of our planet that must be protected for us and our future generations. Even extremely beautiful natural environments can be in bad condition if they are left alone. 38.For instance, the Galapagos Islands are now protected by rules that stop people from bringing or removing plants and animals to or from the islands, moving rocks and touching the animals. In the US, people are not allowed to visit Grand Canyon National Park by vehicle. It aims to protect the park's environment from the gas produced by cars. 39. Australia is making stricter laws to prevent agricultural chemicals from flowing into the ocean near the Great Barrier Reef. Efforts are also being made to protect Natural Heritage sites in Japan. In Shiretoko, only a small number of people are allowed to walk on its nature path at the same time. 40. A. They may also be home to endangered species(物种). B. Today there are 183 Natural Heritage sites around the world. C. People can change these places too, just as the wind and rain can. D. Natural Heritage is valued for geographical characteristics and beautiful scenery. E. That's why measures are being taken around the world to protect them. F. It can reduce the risk of people accidentally stepping on valuable plants. G. There are even security guards there who can arrest people that break the rules. 第三部分 语言知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 完型填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分）
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阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在 答题卡上涂黑。 In last few decades, terror attacks have become a great threat all over the world. They have aroused countless thoughts41me down. What can I do for those42people, the very victims and refugees（难民）. Last month when I got on a train, I took my seat43the carriage so that I would be facing forward. Later, a mother with her three children, one girl and two boys,44into the row of seats in front of me. The clothes the woman was wearing were so45that I don't think you can find any46of the clothes at any shop. I was completely47by their beautiful simplicity. Clearly, they were not expensive, fancy or from a famous designer,48they were priceless. The little girl's eyes and mine met and locked. She49and stared at me. I would receive the gift I had been longing for. I had 50to connect with people from a culture that was recently suffering and in my 51was a warm Pakistani family. I had a talk with her using the standard conversation 52 How old are you? Where do you study?53as she was, the depth and width of our conversation reached an amazing height.54was even more important was the unspoken talk. Her smile and trust55touched me. Our 50 minutes together 56quickly but we will be always in each other's hearts. I've learned a great 57 from this experience: we all need to open our doors 58others can come in. Meanwhile, something amazing will happen when you 59to others, because people come in 60beautiful gifts. 41.A.pulling D.cutting 42.A.disturbed D.depressed 43.A.on the top of the end of 44.A.walked D.jumped 45.A.familiar
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B.in the front of
C.in the middle of
D.funny 46.A.introduction D.invention 47.A.attracted D.tired 48.A.and D.though 49.A.cried 50.A.expected D.pretended 51.A.heart D.appearance 52.A.format D.advice 53.A.Children 54.A.What 55.A.suddenly 56.A.flew past 57.A.class 58.A.in case that 59.A.give up 60.A.beyond B.open up B.within 第II卷 非选择题 C.grow up C.with (共50分） D.make up D.without B.A child B.It B.deeply B.got out B.subject B.even if C.A children C.That C.extremely C.took up C.course C.now that D.Child D.Which D.slightly D.left for D.lesson D.so B.starter C.stopper B.life C.presence B.screamed B.refused C.shouted C.decided D.smiled B.so C.yet B.moved C.confused B.trace C.explanation
第二节（共 10小题；每小题1.5分，满分15分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（1个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 I was in the ninth year when I began to suffer depression. My parents noticed but felt that since I’d always been 61. 62. good child, this was temporary.
(unfortunate), it was not to be so. I didn’t have friends. Hardly could I share (confident). Finally I refused to
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my problems. Deep worry began to destroy my 63
(shut) myself in my room for hours.
The examination was approaching, but I simply didn’t care. My parents and teachers were surprised 65 my bad performance. One morning, after a 66
particularly severe lecture from my father, I stood at the school gate,
(depress). Then as the other students marched to their classrooms, our headmaster called me. The next forty-five minutes was one of 67 She said she my hands in 69 (good) moments in my life.
68 ( notice) a big change in me and wondered why. At first she took (she) and listened patiently as I mentioned my worries. Then she
hugged me as I wept. Months of frustration and loneliness disappeared in her motherly hug. No one had tried to understand what the real problem was except the headmaster, 70. helped me out simply by listening and hugging.
第四部分：写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的作文。文中共有 10 处错误。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词出加一个漏字符号（/\） ，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（\）花掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从 11 处起）不计分。 Dear Sir, I’m writing to request a valuable chance to be one of the host families of the British students. I’m good at English and my parents are all professors of English, so we won’t have any difficulty communicate with English speakers. My father is a excellent driver and we will be very glad to show foreign students around some nearby place of interest. Last month we received from two American students. We have a wonderful time. Besides, my mother is gift in cooking, but the students will be able to enjoy delicious Chinese food. I would great appreciate it if I could have the chance make friends with them.
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Looking forward to your reply. Li Hua 第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分） 假设你叫李华，你的美国朋友 Mike 正在北京大学学习汉语，他对中国古诗词很感兴趣。中央 电视台将举办《中国诗词大会》比赛，请 cemail 他告知此事，主要内容包括： 1、节目简介；2、建议并鼓励他参加；3、预祝他取得好成绩。 注意:1、词数 100 左右；2、可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 Dear Mike, ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ Yours, Li Hua
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2018～2019 学年度上学期高三期中考试 英语试题答案 1 -5 CAACB 21-25.ABCDB 41-45.CADCB 61.a 64.shutting 65.at/by 69.hers 66.depressed 70.who 67.the best 68.hadnoticed 6-10 ABACA 26-30.DADCA 46-50.BACDA 11-15 BBCCB 31-35.BCBCC 51-55.CBDAB 16-20 ACBAC 36-40.CAEGF 56-60.ADDBC 63.confidence
71.【1】all 改为 both 【2】communicate 改为 communicating 【3】a 改为 an 【4】place 改为 places 【5】删除 from 【6】have 改为 had 【7】gift 改为 gifted 【8】but 改为 sp/and 【9】great 改为 greatly 【10】chance 后面加 to 72.Dear Mike, How is everything going? I have good news for you. A Chinese Poetry Contest will be held on CCTV, which is intended for all Chinese poetry lovers. The aim of the program is to inherit the outstanding Chinese traditional culture and boost people’s cultural confidence. As I know you’re a big fan of Chinese poetry, I guess it is a good opportunity for you to learn more about Chinese poetry and examine your learning results. So why not take part in the Contest? Wish you a good luck and excellent performance. Looking forward to your early reply. Yours, Li Hua
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