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全新版大学英语综合教程第二版课件Unit 7

时间:2015-10-23


Unit 7 Emergency

Part I Background information
Cultural notes: Emergency services: The emergency services are the public organizations whose job is to take quick action to deal with emergencies when they occur, especially the fire brigade, the police, and the ambulance service. The telephone number used in Britain for calling the police, fire or ambulance services in an emergency is 999 in Britain and 911 in the US . In China , we have110 for the police, 119 for the fire brigade and 120 for ambulance.

Warm-up exercises:
In an apparently coordinated terrorist attack against the United States, four commercial passenger jets crashed on Tuesday, three of them into significant landmarks. U.S. intelligence officials tell CNN "there are good indications that persons linked to Osama bin Laden may be responsible for these attacks." The sources say they based the statement on specific information that had been gathered Tuesday. Bin Laden is the Saudi millionaire who has been blamed for terror attacks against U.S. interests and is believed to be in Afghanistan .

Warm-up exercises:
Huge chunks of debris falling from remains of World Trade Center towers more than six hours after the crashes. Firefighters could get no closer than 2 blocks from the burning hulk. The FBI said it believes all four planes, carrying a total of 266 people, were hijacked. Mullah Omar, the Taliban spiritual leader, condemns the attacks and denies that Osama bin Laden, was responsible. International flights are initially diverted to Canada ; FAA says later, however, that 22 U.S.-bound international flights will be allowed to land.

Warm-up exercises:
The New York Port Authority closes all bridges and tunnels into the city. U.S. stock markets close after the New York attacks. NATO sends home all non-essential personnel from its Brussels , Belgium , headquarters. The Immigration and Naturalization Service puts the U.S. borders with Mexico and Canada on highest state of alert. Los Angeles International Airport is evacuated.

Warm-up exercises:
FEMA implements plan established for such events: FBI leads investigation, and Justice Department heads crisis management. Wash ington , D.C. and San Francisco declare states of emergency.

Warm-up exercises:
1. How many planes crashed into significant landmarks? A. four B. two C. three D. none 2. Who was believed to be responsible for the attack? A. Mullah Omar B. Osama Ben Ladin C. Mullah Abdul Salam Zaeef D. Karen Hughes 3. How many people were there on the four airplanes in total? A. 130 B. 266 C. 320 D. 150

Warm-up exercises:
4. Which of the following statement is not true? A. U. S. intelligence officials believed that persons linked with Osama Ben Ladin may be responsible for the attacks. B. All the international flights are diverted to Canada . C. U. S. stock markets close after the New York attacks. D. Mullah Omar denies that Osama bin Laden was responsible.

Warm-up exercises:
5. Which of the following will be leading crisis management? A. Justice Department B. FBI C. Mayor of New York D. FAA 6. Which of the following is the best title for the passage? A. Terror attacks hit U. S. B. Osama Bin Ladin, Sadan from hell C. Losses of Sep. 11 D. What is a terror attack?

Warm-up exercises: 7. Which of the following best classifies the passage? A. novel B. news report C. poem D. argument Keys: 1. C. 2. B. 3. B. 4. B 5. A. 6. A. 7. B.

Part II: Detailed study of text I Pre-questions: ? What is an emergency? Please cite some examples. ? What qualities are required most in dealing with an emergency? ? Do you think we should risk our lives to help others out of an emergency? Why?

Comprehension Questions
? 1. Why does the author describe how Kate carried the groceries from her car to the house? ? 2. Why does the author mention a train horn, Conrail, and the lack of a fence between the Prichards' yard and the railway? ? 3. Why does the author skillfully includes in the story the ages of Todd and Scott? ? 4. Please pick out the phrases that denote the change of speed of the train. Explain why the author gives such a detailed description of the speed.

Comprehension Questions
5. Why did the engineer on the freight train decided to resume its normal speed of 40 miles per hour? 6. What was the speed of the train when the engineer and the conductor spotted something strange on the track? 7. What did the two men do when they realized what had happened? 8. Why didn't Anthony jump off the train to save the kids as soon as he identified them?

Comprehension Questions 9. How did Anthony save the kids? Please try to be specific and use your own words. 10. What did Anthony tell Kate to do when he saw her? 11. Did Anthony hesitate before risking his life to save the kids? What did he think? 12. What changes did the accident bring to the neighborhood?

Language study:
? Trunk: AmE. the back part of the car used to carry things. Its British counterpart is “boot”. The front part of the car is “hood” for AmE and “bonnet” for British English. ? Struggle with: have difficulty handling or coping with. Examples: Although he struggled with English in high school, he became an excellent interpreter later in life. She struggled with the heavy bags of groceries and finally got them into the room.

Language study:
? grocery: goods such as sugar, flowers and other things used in homes. Accordingly we have grocery stores. ? driveway: the area or road between the house and the street ? put away: put the things where they are usually kept. Examples: The mother is putting her child's toys away. Every month I put 100 yuan away for later uses.

Language study:
? a thumbs-up gesture: This is a sign that you make by making a fist and raising your thumb to show that you agree with someone, that you are happy with an idea or situation, or that everything is all right. ? copy: do the same as Examples: Jean always copies the way I dress. We should copy his good points, not his bad points.

Language study:
? draw one's attention to: make somebody aware of and be concerned about something. Examples: The teacher tried to draw the students' attention to a grammatical point. The loud noise drew everyone's attention to the explosion. ? make one's way: similar phrases are: feel one's way, fight one's way, elbow one's way etc.

Language study: ? signal: send (sth. such as a warning or a message ) by a light or an act. Examples: I signaled the driver to proceed. He signaled the car to stop by raising his hand.

Language study: ? out of the way: at a distance from the usual route; in a state or condition so as to hinder (used after a verb) Example: I feel better, now that one problem is out of the way. He used to live in a cottage quite out of the way.

Language study: ? resume: begin (sth. or doing sth.) again after a pause Examples: The dog resumed its post by the door. We'll stop now and resume working at 2 o'clock

Language study: ? mess around: ( informal ) spend time playing or doing things with no particular purpose. Examples: He spent most of his time simply messing around. She messed around the dorm for a while and then went out to the playground.

Language study:
? cool down: ( cause to become calmer) Examples: He tried his best to cool down his mounting anger. His father took a long time to cool down after their last argument. ? spot: to see or recognize Examples: I spotted a break in the fence and headed towards it. You must learn to spot trouble ahead and prevent it.

Language study:
? pull on: take hold of (sth.) and pull (it) with strength. Examples: The coat was too tight, and the buttons pulled on the threads that hold them. The drowning child pulled on the branch, waiting for the rescue workers. ? with all one's strength: with all one's power. Examples: Diana pulled on the rope with all her strength. She opened the door with all her strength and ran out of the house.

Language study: ? intent: giving careful attention to something so that you think about nothing else. Example: When I walked into room, he was watching the game with an intent stare and did not notice me at all. Intent on her work, she ignored the cold.

Language study: ? blast: a sudden very loud noise; an explosion, or the very strong movement of air that it causes; a sudden strong movement of air or wind. Examples: The guard gave a blast on his whistle and we were off. A blast of cold air swept through the hut.

Language study:
? spring: (1)to move suddenly and quickly in a particular direction. Examples: Tom sprung out of bed and rushed to the window. On hearing the news, he sprang to his feet. (=stood up quickly) (2) to issue or emerge suddenly. Examples: Nobody's name actually springs to mind as an ideal candidate. A cry sprang from her lips.

Language study: (3) spring into action: to suddenly become active Example: The whole town would spring into action at carnival time. (4) spring into existence: to suddenly begin to exist Example: A lot of small businesses sprang into existence during the 1980s.

Language study:
? sway: (cause to) move or swing slowly from side to side. Examples: She swayed and put out a hand to steady herself. The earthquake caused the wall to sway to the left. ? flash: move very fast; produce a sudden bright light Examples: Twenty years flashed by and we are all grown up. The windows flashed with the setting sun.

Language study: ? calculate: work (sth.) out using mathematics Examples: Sally calculated that she'd have about $100 left. Oil prices are calculated in dollars. ? Scott looked up and froze.: Scott looked up and became completely still with fear. Or we can say that he looked up and became too frightened to move.

Language study:
? Though the train was slowing,...: pay attention to the synonyms and antonyms that appear in the text: decelerate, accelerate, gather speed, etc. The author purposefully adopts different words to convey the same meaning to avoid repetition. ? leap: jump Examples: Look before you leap. The thought leapt into his mind. Don't leap to any conclusions.

Language study:
? grab: take hold of someone or something with a sudden or violent movement Examples: The policeman grabbed his shoulder. Kay grabbed hold of my arm to stop her from falling. ? keep one's balance: antonym: lose one's balance. ? loose: not firmly fixed in space Examples: Her hair hung loose to her shoulders. He cause my arm and would not let loose.

Language study: ? They were gone: They had disappeared. ? crash: fall or strike suddenly, violently, and noisily Examples: The car crashed straight into a tree. The cymbals crashed, and the symphony came to and end.

Language study:
? reach out: to stretch one's arm, usu. In order to get or touch (sth.) (often followed by infinitive to) Examples: One of the men suddenly reached out a hand and grabbed my arm. Roots reached out to get minerals and water from the earth. ? clear of: free from, not in contact with Examples: Children should keep well clear of fire. Is the garden clear of weeds?

Language study:
? scrape: push or drag (sth.) along a hard or rough surface Examples: I tried to scrape some of the mud from my boots. We scraped away several layers of old varnish. ? punch: hit hard. Examples: He punched the wall in anger. Tom turned around and punched me hard in the stomach

Language study:
? horror: great fear or shock Examples: The crowd gasped in horror as Senna's car crashed. To her horror, Rachel realized her savings account had been cleaned out. ? up and down: higher and lower Examples: The crowd were jumping up and down and screaming excitedly. The boy jumped up and down when he saw his mother come back.

Language study:
? injure: harm; hurt; damage Examples: One of the players injured his knee and had to be carried off. Her pride was seriously injured by his malicious words. Collocation: be badly/ seriously/critically injured) ? visible: that can be seen (often followed by to/from ) Examples: These particles are not visible to naked eyes. There is a visible change in attitudes to working women.

Language study: ? twist: turn around; revolve Examples: As soon as she turned around, he twisted his face to a grin. He fell and twisted his ankle. ? via: by means of; by way of Examples: He traveled to Shanghai from Beijing via Tianjin . If you have any problem, please feel free to contact either via e-mail.

Language study:
? internal: of or in the inside Examples: Recently, this company has been actively engaged in the internal readjustment. A theory has its internal logic. ? incident: sth. that happens Examples: She told us some of the amusing incidents of her holiday. There was a strange incident in the supermarket today.

Language study: ? shelter: protect; cover( often used in the patter shelter sb. /sth. from ) Examples: The wall shelters the flowers from the bitter wind. In the rain people were sheltering in the doorways of the shops.


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