湖北省黄冈市黄冈中学 2013 年高一下学期期中考试
第二部分：词汇知识运用（共两节，满分 30 分） 第一节：多项选择（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 21. Some plants are very _________ to light. They prefer the shade. A. sensible B. sensitive C. suitable D. acceptable 22. He was in a hurry, so he told me that I had to do _________. A. in detail B. in brief C. in short D. in peace 23. Since you are an adult, you should be _________ of your parents’ help. A. energetic B. obvious C. independent D. religious 24. One day before Tomb Sweeping Day, people from all over this region came here to ________ the cherry blossoms. A. envy B. admire C. appreciate D. enjoy 25. He ________ on coffee and cigarettes, and ate a balanced diet. A. put down B. cut down C. put up D. cut up 26. He had his opponent (对手) _________ for evidence in a case. A. reacted on B. relied on C. depended on D. spied on 27. If you stand on the top of the mountain, you can get a better __________ of the city. A. view B. sigh C. sight D. scene 28. Every time our teacher began his lesson, my mind would begin to ________, not intentionally but habitually. A. wander B. decrease C. wonder D. respond 29. The talk between the two countries has started in a friendly _________ and hopefully an agreement will be reached. A. environment B. situation C. chance D. atmosphere 30. It’s believed that the strike (罢工) was ________ to British train service, because many people have refused to take a train ever since. A. beneficial B. necessary C. fundamental D. harmful 第二节：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后所给各题的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 When I was in my first year in college, I heard Salome Bey sing for the first time. The moment was exciting. Salome’s I 33 31 filled the room and brought the theater to life. I was so 32 that I decided to write an article about her. Salome Bey, telling her that I was from Essence magazine, and that I wanted to 34 and told me to come to her studio next Tuesday. 35 I was lying. I was not a writer at all meet her to talk about her career. She and hadn’t even written a shopping list.
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When I hung up, I was scared out of my mind. I
I interviewed Salome Bey the next Tuesday. I sat there
, taking notes and asking 37 Salome Bey 38
questions that all began with, “Can you tell me…” I soon realized that was almost unbearable. I 39
was one thing, but writing a story for a national magazine was just impossible. The manuscript (手稿) into a large envelope and dropped it into a mailbox. It didn’t take long. My manuscript threw the unopened envelope into a desk. Five years later, I was moving to California. While Dear Ms Profit, Your story on Salome Bey is fantastic. Yet we need those and return the article immediately. We would like to Shocked, it took me a long time to lost years of 49 31. A. joy 32. A. proud 33. A. phoned 34. A. hesitated 35. A. discovered 36. A. seriously 37. A. blaming 38. A. hardship 39. A. struggled 40. A. disappeared 41. A. compete 42. A. ignore 43. A. decorating 44. A. disbelief 45. A. some 46. A. broadcast 47. A. recover 48. A. boring 49. A. success 50. A. attempt 48 47 45 46 43 40 . How stupid of me! I thought. How could I 42
for days with draft (草稿) after draft. Finally I put my 41
in a world of professional writers? Knowing I couldn’t
the rejection (拒绝) letter, I my apartment, I came across 44 ：
the unopened envelope. This time I opened it and read the editor’s letter in
relevant materials. Please add your story soon.
. Fear of rejection cost me dearly. I lost at least
five hundred dollars and having my article published in a major magazine. More importantly, I writing. Today, I have become a full-time writer. Looking back on this 50 to doubt yourself. D. voice D. active D. interviewed D. paused D. wondered D. silently D. asking D. comment D. spied D. improved D. compare D. face D. leaving D. pain D. none D. judge D. focus D. enjoyable D. accident D. pretend B. happiness B. moved B. emailed B. refused B. knew B. nervously B. inviting B. failure B. settled B. spread B. solve B. deliver B. repairing B. anxiety B. little B. publish B. prepare B. endless B. experience B. expect C. speech C. satisfied C. visited C. agreed C. explained C. patiently C. fooling C. pressure C. spotted C. returned C. survive C. receive C. cleaning C. horror C. few C. create C. escape C. typical C. benefit C. afford , I learned a very important lesson：You can’t
第三部分：阅读理解（共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。
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A I was sleeping in my room when my bed started shaking and a loud noise was heard. I woke up and my mom was screaming my name. Next moment I was running along with my younger sister, mom and dad. Before I ran out of the door, I realized my elder sister hadn’t come out yet. So I screamed her name at the top of my voice. My mom said she had gone to her class. Then the four of us, along with many others, were running on the staircase. We lived on the seventh floor, so I thought we would not be able to make it and the building would fall before we managed to reach even the fourth floor. My dad’s head was injured by something falling down. I did try to put my hand over his head. When we reached the sixth floor, the building split into two. We had no way to get down. The next thing I remember is silence. There were around 30 people on the stairs and none could react. Five minutes later, someone opened the door of the sixth-floor flat. We all went in. We were wondering how we would get down. From the balcony (阳台) of the sixth-floor flat, I saw people standing on the ground floor. All eyes were stuck on us. I could see my elder sister crying. Our first hope of surviving came when a worker climbed a rope to where we were. That was the first time we thought maybe we could get down. Half an hour passed and we were still trapped. Finally RSS people arrived with ropes. They got people down one by one. My biggest worry was how my dad would get down. Finally after two and a half hours, we all got down. That day we saw the power of nature. It has taken more than two years to build the flats and it took just one and a half minutes to destroy the structure. 51. What is this passage mainly about? A. Ways to survive an earthquake. B. Reasons why earthquakes happen. C. The writer’s experience in an earthquake. D. The love of parents in an earthquake. 52. When the building split into two, the writer and his family _______. A. were trapped on the sixth floor B. were still sleeping C. were looking for a family member D. were running on the staircase of the seventh floor 53. The first time the writer thought they would probably survive was when ______. . A. he was encouraged by people on the ground floor B. someone opened the door of the sixth-floor flat C. RSS people arrived with ropes D. a worker climbed up on a rope 54. The earthquake made the writer realize that ________. . A. there is always hope for people B. natural disasters can happen any time C. the power of nature is really great D. human beings are strong in natural disasters B Let us suppose it is now about A.D.2060. Let's make believe it is about sixty years from now. Of course, things have changed and life is very different.
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Voyages to the moon are being made every day. It is as easy to take a holiday on the moon today as it was for the people in 1960 to take a holiday in Europe. At a number of scenic spots on the moon, many hotels have been built. The hotels are air-conditioned, naturally so that everyone can enjoy the beautiful scenery on the moon. Every room has at least one picture window. Everything imaginable is provided for entertainment of young and old. What are people eating now? People are still eating food. They haven't yet started to take on their supply of energy directly as electrical current or as nuclear power. Maybe they will some day. But many foods now come in pill form, and the food that goes into the pill continues to come mainly from green plants. Since there are several times as many people in the world today as there were a hundred years ago, most of our planet's surface has to be filled. The deserts are irrigated (灌溉) with water. Crops are no longer destroyed by pests. The harvest is always good. Farming, of course, is very highly developed. Very few people have to work on the farm. It is possible to run the farm by just pushing a few buttons now and then. People are now largely vegetarians (素食主义者). You see, as the number of people increased, the number of animals decreased. Therefore, the people have to be vegetarians and we are healthier in both our bodies and our minds, too, and we know the causes and cure of diseases and pain, and it is possible to get rid of disease. No one has to be ill any more. Such would be our life in 2060. 55. What are the hotels on the moon used for in 2060? A. Scientific experiments. C. Holiday people. B. People who have no houses. D. Astronauts.
56. About life in 2060, which of the following is WRONG? A. In the story, the population of the world has increased. B. A great number of people work on the farm. C. Voyages to the moon are being made every day. D. The food comes mainly from green plants. 57. According to the passage, why are people largely vegetarians? A. Because most people like vegetables better. B. Because there are no animals at all. C. Because people think meat is unhealthy. D. Because the number of people increased and the number of animals decreased. 58. According to the passage, what about the people's health in 2060? A. Because the people have to be vegetarians, they are very thin. B. The doctor don't know how to treat the diseases and pain. C. The people have no illness. D. The people are less healthier in our bodies than in our minds. C Do you ever wonder why the English have one word for some animals and a different one for their meat? Why do they use pig and pork, cow and beef, and sheep and mutton? To find out, we
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have to go back to 1066, when the Norman French invaded England and put a French king on the English throne（王位）, which not only changed the government but also changed the language. French became the language of the upper classes of society. And it remained that way for 300 years. Only these high society people could afford to eat meat. As a result, French words like porc （pork） and beouf beef） came into the English language. However, poor English farmers raised （ the animals. So the English language kept the words pig and cow from the Native Anglo-Saxon． The Norman French added about 10,000 French words to the English language. Seventy-five percent of them are still in use today. According to language experts, English speakers who have never studied French may already know 15,000 French words! Between one-third and two-thirds of all English words have French origins. Some words such as “possible” and “avenue” are the same in French and English; only the pronunciations change. Other words such as “ballet” keep their French pronunciations in both languages. In French grammar, nouns have either a male or female gender（性别）, so adjectives（形容 词） take different forms for each. English has only one adjective that does this, and it came from French. The word “blond” describes someone with light-colored hair. “Blond” is used for men, and “blonde” describes women. And they are also nouns. Some French words that entered the English language have completely different meanings. The French phrase “a la mode” means “in stlye”. In English, the phrase means “with the ice cream”. Someone must have decided something eaten with ice cream was in style! Now, as you learn English, you’re on your way to learning French! 59. French was once popular among the upper classes of the UK because_____. A. too many French moved to Britain B. French brought animals with them C. the king and his officials spoke French D. the king allowed French to be spoken 60. Why does an English speaker find French easy to learn? A. Because English and French share similar pronunciations． B. Because English grammar and French grammar are similar． C. Because a large number of English words have French origins． D. Because English has great influences on the French language． 61. French grammar is quite different from English grammar because ______. A. no words have the same pronunciation B. all words have the same pronunciation C. English nouns have a male or female gender D. French nouns have different adjective forms 62. What conclusion can we draw from the text? A. Language is closely related to history and culture. B. French and English words have nothing in common. C. Language is controlled by the upper classes of society. D. English combines French and the Native Anglo-Saxon. D I always wanted to fly a plane, but back to 1930s, it was almost impossible for a woman to do that. I tried it in 2001, when my husband arranged for me to ride in a hot air balloon for my birthday. But the experience was very boring. Around that time, I told my husband that I wanted to
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skydive. So when our retirement community announced that they were having an essay competition and the topic was an experience of a lifetime that you wanted to have, I decided to write about my dream. In the essay, I wrote about my wish to skydive, stating George Brush Sr. did it at the age of 80. Why not me? 1 was just 84 and in good health. A year went by and I heard nothing. But then at a community party, they announced that I was one of the winners. I just couldn't believe it. Encouraged by this, I decided to realize my dream, even though some of my family members and my doctor were against it. On June 11, 2010, nearly 40 of my family and friends gathered in the area close to where I would land. My instructor, Jay, guided me through the experience. The plane was the noisiest one I had ever been in, but I wasn't frightened -- I was really just looking forward to the experience. When we reached 13,000 feet, Jay instructed me to jump out of the plane. When we first hit the air, the wind was so strong that I could hardly breathe. For a second I thought, "What have I gotten myself into?" But then everything got calmer. We were in a free fall for about a minute before Jay opened the parachute 降落伞） then we just floated downward for about five minutes. Looking at （ , the view below was unlike anything I have ever felt -- much better than the hot air balloon. I was just enjoying it. Skydiving was really one of the greatest experiences of my life. I hope other people will look at me and realize that you don't stop living just because you are 84 years old. If there's something you want to experience, look into it. If it's something that is possible, make it happen. 63. What should be the best title of the passage? A. Flying High in the Sky B. A Ride in a Hot Air Balloon C. I Went Skydiving at 84! D. Everyone, Go Skydiving! 64. The author mentioned George Bush Sr. in her essay to __________. A. build up her own fame B. compare their health condition C. make her argument persuasive D. show her admiration for him 65. How did the author feel immediately after she jumped out of the plane? A. Scared. B. Regretful. C. Surprised. D. Excited. 66. What did the author enjoy most when she was skydiving? A. The beautiful clouds. B. Staying together with Jay. C. The wonderful view. D. The one-minute free fall E If music makes you smarter and exercise helps you to think, surely exercising to music can turn you into an intelligent person. A team of scientists from Ohio State University did experiments on 33 volunteers who were getting better from heart disease following operation. They found that people who exercised while listening to Italian musician Antonio Vivaldi’s “The Four Seasons” did much better on language ability tests than without music. “Facts suggest that exercise improves the learning ability of people with heart disease,” said the psychologist Charles Emery, who led the study. “And listening to music is thought to enhance understanding. We just wanted to put the two results together,” he added. The volunteers said they felt better emotionally and physically after working out with or without the music. But their improvement on the test doubled after listening to music during
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exercise. Scientists have proved that music can be good for health, education and well-being. It helps reduce stress, sadness and nervousness; encourages relaxation or sleep; wakes up the body and improves memory and thoughts. In medical fields, music is used widely for patients who have had head hurts before and after operation. “The Four Seasons” was used because of its moderate tempo 舒缓的节拍） positive （ and results in earlier research. “Exercise seems to cause positive changes in the nervous system (神经 系统) and these changes may have a direct result on learning ability,” Emery said. Scientists have been studying the results of music on understanding since the early 1950s. By 2000, psychologists were using Mozart’s music, especially his violin pieces, to help children with speech disorders. Mozart was chosen because his music is not overexciting and has clear structures. A study showed students who listened to Mozart went on to score higher marks in an intelligence test. With important exams drawing near, your parents will not probably allow you to listen to music. But perhaps now you have good reasons to argue with them. 67.The underlined word enhance can be replaced by ______. A. impress B. improve C. provide D. produce 68. The text mainly tells us that _____. A. music and exercise lead to relaxation or sleep B. 33 volunteers work on music in medical fields C. exercising to music makes people healthy and bright D. scientists give suggestions on choosing music to exercise to 69. It can be learned from the last paragraph that ______. A. you are supposed to follow your parents’ words B. students should not listen to music before exams C. you have some good reasons to exercise to music D. music might help you to get higher grades in tests 70. Which of the following statements is true? A. Exercise seems to cause negative changes without music. B. Exercise reminds people with head hurts of what they’ve learned. C. Scientists often use Mozart’s music, for it is not too exciting. D. “The Four Seasons” is used to help children with speech disorders. 第四部分：书面表达（共两节，满分 50 分） 第一节：完成句子（共 10 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 20 分） 阅读下列各小题，根据括号内的汉语提示，用句末括号内的英语单词完成句子，并将答 案写在答题卡上的相应题号后。 71. To be honest, a lot of people ________________________ becoming rich and famous. (attach) 说实话，很多人把名和利看得很重要。 72. ___________________________ , tell him your ideas and ask him for advice. (base) 基于你们上面的讨论，告诉他你们的观点并寻求他的建议。 73. Festivals and celebrations of all kinds ______________________ everywhere since ancient times. (hold)
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自古以来，世界各地就有各种各样的节日和庆典。 74. The kidnappers _________________________________ their hostage for several days to try to make them say where the money was. (starve) 绑架者可能让人质挨了几天的饿来让他们说出钱的位置。 75. He could not ___________________________ telling people lies! (have) 他不能容忍雍惠哄骗人们却不受惩罚! 76. He did not look forward to ______________________ because his restaurant was no longer popular. (debt) 他不希望由于餐馆不受欢迎而负债。 77. The combined working group will look into the train rear-end collision, ________________ the cause of the accident officially and punishing some responsible persons concerned. (account) 联合工作组将调查火车追尾事故，正式解释事故的原因并惩罚相关责任人。 78. He is best known for his novels _________________________ on the river. (set) 他最出名的小说是以他在河边的童年世界为背景写的。 79.It was not immediately obvious that ______________________________ to the development of life. (fundamental) 水会对生命的发展起关键作用，这一点在当时并不明显。 80. The newly broadened square is ______________________________ the previous one. (size) 新扩建的广场是原来的 4 倍大。 第二节：书面表达（共 1 题；满分 30 分） 目前， 品安全问题引起了人们广泛关注。 你就此事给一家英文报刊写封信。 食 请 主要包括以下要点： 1． 生 产 厂 商 为 降 低 成 本 追 求 利 润 ， 缺 乏 足 够 的 安 全 措 施 ； 2． 劣 质 或 有 害 食 品 流 入 市 场 ， 对 公 众 健 康 产 生 极 大 危 害 ； 3． 谈 谈 个 人 看 法 并 呼 吁 整 个 社 会 关 注 此 事 。 参 考 词 汇 ： 利 润 ： profit； 安 全 措 施 ： safety measures 注意：1. 词数 120 左右； 2. 可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 3. 开头和结尾已为你写好，不计入总记数。 Dear editor, I’m writing to talk about the problems of food safety nowadays. ___ ___
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___ ___ Yours truly, Li Hua
湖北省黄冈中学 2013 年春季高一英语期中考试试题听力录音稿 及参考答案
Text 1 W: He doesn’t want to eat Italian food tonight. M: So what? He doesn’t have to come to dinner with us. We can meet up with him later at the bar. Text 2 M: Hi, Nancy. It’s Paul. The weather is so great today. How about we take a walk around the lake? W: Well, I wish you had asked me this morning. Ray just asked me to hang out during lunch. I’m supposed to go swimming with him. Text 3 W: Hey, the Metropolitan Museum is holding a special exhibition this week. M: What’s the exhibit? W: 44 paintings by Monet, Gauguin, and Van Gogh that set the world on fire! Do you want to go there with me？ M: Sure, it sounds like fun. I hope there are some tour guides that can speak Chinese, though. Text 4 W: I’ll come and pick you up around 10:30, okay? M: Oh, I’ve got soccer practice until 10:00. I definitely won’t be ready until 11:00. W: Okay, I’ll give you an extra fifteen minutes just to make sure you’re ready. Text 5 W: Hello, I’d like to reserve a table for five at about 3:00 p.m. M: But I’m afraid we only serve lunch until 2:00 p.m., madam. Text 6 M: Hello. I’m studying at Oxford University, and I came across the listing for the apartment you are renting. Is it still available? W: Yes, certainly. How long do you want to rent the apartment for? M: At least one year. W: I’m afraid that I can only rent the house for about 10 months. My friends will be coming to Oxford during horse racing season. M: Oh, that’s disappointing. In that case, I guess I can’t rent the apartment. W: OK, sorry about that. Good luck.
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Text 7 W: Wow, your English is really good. Did you study abroad? M: No, I haven’t ever been abroad. I just like learning English, and I have a lot of foreign friends. W: Wow, it’s amazing that you learned all of that from just being around Westerners and studying. If I didn’t know you were Chinese, I would think you were from America! M: Thank you, but I know you’re just being nice. W: I’m really not. What is your job here? Do you use English in your work? M: Yes, I do business here, so I often work with Westerners. W: I’m really amazed by you. You should be a translator! M: Ha-ha, maybe one day! Text 8 W: I told you that the show started at a quarter to nine. Why weren’t you there? M: Listen, it was not my fault. I wrote it on my calendar, and I didn’t forget to set my alarm. W: Yeah, it’s never your fault. So, what’s your excuse this time? M: I saw a man on the side of the road, so I gave him a ride. W: Well, of course you were late! You were on your way to your daughter’s play and you stopped to pick someone up! What were you thinking? M: No, I had plenty of time after I dropped him off. But it took almost 40 minutes to get to the school. The traffic was really bad. W: Why didn’t you just come in when you arrived? M: They wouldn’t let me in because I didn’t have a ticket. W: So, you just went home after that? M: Yeah. I just came back here and decided to wait for you two so that I could tell you what happened. Text 9 M: Hello, Third Street Police Station. Can I help you? W: Yes. I’m calling to report a missing credit card. M: What’s the card number, Miss? W: Oh, I can’t remember. M: What’s your name and address? W: Janet Carlson, 1537 Hasting Street, Vancouver, Canada. M: I see. You aren’t an American citizen, are you? W: No, I’m Canadian. Does that matter? M: Oh, no, no. Did you say your card was lost or stolen? W: Stolen. I left my purse on the counter in a department store while I went to the fitting room to try a dress on. M: When did you discover it was stolen? W: I didn’t discover it until I went to pay. Do you think there is anything you can do? Someone might be charging things on my credit card this very minute. M: You don’t need to worry, Miss Carlson. Once we get your card number, your card will be canceled within 30 seconds. W: Oh, I’m so relieved to hear that. Thanks a lot. Text 10 Hello, this is your headmaster, Mr. Drummond, speaking. Due to a fire in the kitchen of our school cafeteria last Friday, we won’t be able to serve students food for the next two weeks. I’m sorry for the trouble this may cause, but we’ll need the time to repair the damage caused by the
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fire, and to replace all of the cooking equipment. However, in the meantime, all students may go to the diner on Willow Street called Alice’s Diner where you will receive a 45 percent discount if you show your student card. You will also receive a 35 percent discount at the Chinese restaurant on Webber Street and a 30 percent discount at the Italian restaurant on Hook Street, but only for the next two weeks. In other news, our Grade 1 girls basketball team will play this Tuesday at 5:00 p.m. against Miller Osborne high school at our school sports hall, and our Grade 2 boys team will play Barnaby high school afterwards at 7:00 p.m. Our Grade 2 girls basketball team will play Edwards high school on Wednesday at 6:00 p.m. I hope you can all make it out and make lots of noise for our teams. Have a good day everyone!...
第一部分 听力（共两节 20 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 1—5 ACCCA 6—10 BBCCB 11—15 BCCBA 16—20 ABABB 第二部分 词汇知识运用（共两节 30 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 30 分） 21-25 BBCBB 26-30 DAADD 31-35 DBACB 36-40 BCCAC 41-45 ADCAA 46-50 BADBC 第三部分 阅读理解（共 20 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 51-54 CADC 55-58 CBDC 59-62 CCDA 63-66 CCBC 67-70 BCDC 第四部分 书面表达（共两节，满分 50 分） 第一节 完成句子（共 10 小题，每小题 2 分，共 20 分） 71. attach great importance to （介词 to 错误为零分，时态错误扣 1 分） 72. Based on your discussion above （based on 错误为零分，其它错误扣 1 分） 73. have been held (时态﹑语态错误均为零分) 74. might/could have starved (句式错，零分) 75. have Yong Hui getting away with（have…getting 错误为零分，时态错误扣 1 分） 76. being in debt (being 掉了零分 ) 77. accounting for（形式错零分） 78. set in his boyhood world （set in 错误为零分，其它错误扣 1 分） 79. water was to be fundamental (was to be 错漏为零分) 80. four times the size of (the size of 错漏为零分) 第二节 作文（满分 30 分） One possible version: Dear editor, I’m writing to talk about the problems of food safety nowadays. Some food companies don’t take necessary safety measures to guarantee the food quality. In this way, they are able to reduce the cost of production and make more profits, because of which more and more food are of low quality. What’s worse, poisonous food flows into the market, doing a lot of harm to consumers’ health. Many people even lose their lives. In my opinion, food is fundamental to human beings. We can not live without proper food. If we take no notice of food safety, the health of the whole nation will suffer. So I call on the whole society to take action and put an end to such kind of food. Only in this way can we live a much healthier life.
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Yours truly, Li Hua 1. 本题总分为 30 分，按 5 个档次给分。第一档 3-4 分，第二档 9-10, 第三档 15-16, 第 四档 21-22，第五档 27-28。每个档可以上下浮动 2 分。如那些分了段及卷面比较整洁的作 文可以适当加分。 2. 评分时，应根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次，然后以该档次的要求衡量，确 定或调整档次，最后给分。 3. 评分时应注意：内容要点、应用词汇和语法结构的数量和准确性、上下文连贯性及语言 的得体性。 4. 拼写与标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面， 评分时， 应视其对交际的影响程度予以考虑。
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