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《新编实用英语教程一》Unit4 Reading_图文

时间:2019-01-02

公共外语教研室

Maintaining a Sharp Eye

Punctuality and Keeping Promise

Passage I

Text-related Information Intensive Study Practice

Text-related information
The following books are good examples of being prompt and acting at the right time: Boyd, Selma--I Met a Polar Bear

Burningham, John. John Patrick Norman McHennessy -- the Boy Who was Always Late
Grossman, Bill--The Guy Who Was Five Minutes Late.

Hoff, Sid. Henrietta-- the Early Bird
Sewell, Marcia and Phyllis Krasilovsky-- The Man Who Tried to Save Time

Quotes about... PUNCTUALITY

Better never than late.
George Bernard Shaw

If you're there before it's over, you're on time.
James J. Walker

Unfaithfulness in the keeping of an appointment is an act of clear dishonesty. You may as well borrow a person's money as his time.
Horace Mann

Promptitude is not only a duty, but is also a part of good manners; it is favorable to fortune, reputation, influence, and usefulness; a little attention and energy will form the habit, so as to make it easy and delightful.
Charles Simmons

I am a believer in punctuality though it makes me very lonely.
E. V. Verrall

Text Difficult Sentences Important Words

Punctuality and Keeping Promise

(para.1) In social activities it is always emphasized to be punctual, to have a strong conception of time. If you fail to keep your promise or do not come on time

and thus keep your host waiting, that is very impolite.
It’s hard to imagine what will happen if there is such an activity as a banquet, interview, or meeting, yet all people concerned do not come on time.

For details

If you are asked to meet a foreign guest at the airport or at the railway station and you go so late

that the guest has come before you arrive, how
anxious and embarrassed he will be when he ,as a stranger to the place, sees no person meeting him! 1 The same is true with the activity of seeing off a foreign guest. 2 If you arrive so late at the airport or railway station to find the guest has gone already, what’s the use of your going there?

(para. 2)

So, as a host, whenever there

is an activity, you should come to the place ahead

of schedule so as to wait for the guests to come. 3
Don’t let the guests wait for you. It’s very impolite. Those who are to help entertain the guests should also come earlier than the guests. But for a guest, at what time is it proper to come?

You should be punctual. That is, neither too

early, nor too late. If it is too early, the host
may not get the things ready. If it is too late,

you may keep the host waiting. Anyone, guest
or host, who is really late for a social activity, should apologize to those who have already been there. 4

(para. 3)

After making an appointment,

generally, don’t change it as that is impolite. If you

do have to change, you should inform the person
by telephone or with a written note as soon as possible, so that he or she can make a

rearrangement. Sometimes, an appointment has
been already made, but something unexpected happens and you find no time to inform the person concerned. 5 In this case, you should make an apology to the person afterwards.

…how anxious and embarrassed he will be when he ,as a stranger to the place, sees no person meeting him! (para. 1)

Analysis: This is an exclamatory sentence with
When-clause as an adverbial of time. As means “being”, used here to introduce an adverbial of manner. Meeting is a present participial modifying person.
要是他到了一个陌生的地方,看到没有人来接他,他会是多么 焦急和尴尬!

e.g. How happy and delighted she will be when she, as a foreigner, sees a friend meeting her at the airport.

The same is true with the activity of seeing off a foreign guest. (para. 1)

Analysis: The same is true with…means “也是如
此”. With is a preposition introducing the thing which has the previousmentioned feature(s)
给外国人送行也是如此。

e.g. The same is true with the learning of a foreign language.

So, as a host, whenever there is an activity, you should come to the place ahead of schedule so as to wait for the guests to come.(para. 2)

Analysis: Whenever introduces an adverbial clause
of time. In the main clause ahead of schedule is an adverbial of time while so as to introduces an adverbial of purpose.
所以说,主人在搞活动时,要提前到场,等客人光临。

e.g. So, as a fireman, whenever there is a fire, you should come to the place at once so as to put the fire under control.

Anyone, guest or host, who is really late for a social activity, should apologize to those who have already been there.(para. 2)

Analysis: Guest or host is

a reduced form of whether he is a guest or a host. Note that here singular forms are used without articles. The two who-clauses are used to modify anyone and those respectively.

在社交活动中,不论是客人还是主人,如果迟到了,都应该向 已经到场的人说声抱歉。

e.g. Anyone, man or woman, who is in charge of a project, should often talk to those who participate in the project.

Sometimes, an appointment has been already made, but something unexpected happens and you find no time to inform the person concerned.(para. 3)

Analysis: Unexpected and concerned are both
adjectives which function as post modifiers of something and the person respectively.
有时定好会面时间后,发生了意外的事,没有时间通知相关人 员。

e.g. Sometimes a decision has been made, but some change has to be made because problems unexpected arise, an you have no time to discuss the change with the persons concerned.

being punctual n. 严守时间

FOR EXAMPLE

being on time a. 守时的

Mary got a prize for punctuality. John is always punctual for class but this morning he was late.

emphasize

To place emphasis on…

FOR EXAMPLE Our teacher emphasized how important it was to study English.

I must emphasize that they are just children.
The speaker emphasized the importance of education.

anxious involved
FOR EXAMPLE I was very concerned about my mother’s illness.

worried

worried

All the people concerned attended the meeting. involved

embarrass
FOR EXAMPLE

使窘迫, 使难堪

He embarrassed everyone by saying that the picture was terrible.

She was embarrassed when they asked about her age.

when
whenever
FOR EXAMPLE Come whenever you have time.

Whenever I go to Beijing, I visit the Great Wall.

entertain
FOR EXAMPLE

使高兴,使感兴趣 款待,请客

A teacher should entertain as well as teach.

The Smiths do a great deal of entertaining.

apologize
apologize to sb.for sth.

[vi.] apology

[C]

FOR EXAMPLE I apologized to her for stepping on her foot. I’m here especially to apologize to you. I must offer her an apology for not going to her party.

inform
FOR EXAMPLE

[vt.]

He promised to keep us informed of how the negotiations were going on. I informed my boss that I was going to be away next week.

retell rewrite

rearrange

rearrangement
movement

FOR EXAMPLE

-ment

The plan is not good and we need to make a rearrangement.
The rearrangement of the furniture makes the room clean and tidy.

unexpected adj.
FOR EXAMPLE Her promotion was completely unexpected.

An unexpected guest is usually not welcome. 不速之客

Read and Think

Read and Complete
Read and Translate Read and Simulate

EXERCISE 1

Read and Think

PRACTICE

Answer the following questions according to the text.

1. What is emphasized in social activities? To be punctual. ______________________________________

2. How will a foreign guest feel if you are late in getting to the airport to meet him? He will fell anxious and embarrassed. _______________________________________

3. When should the guests come to a social activity? On time, not too early and not too late. ___________________________________

4. If you are late for a social activity, what should you do? Apologize to those who have already been there. _________________________________________

5. What should you do if you cannot inform the person concerned of the change of an appointment?

You should apologize afterwards. ___________________________________

Read and Complete

EXERCISE 2

PRACTICE

Fill in the blanks without referring to the passage.

The author emphasizes the importance punctuality and __________ keeping promise. In social of___________ activities it is important to have a strong conception of time and be punctual. Try not to _____________ be late for a social activity as it is impolite to keep waiting other people _________. As a host, you should come to the place ahead of _________ schedule so as to guests wait for the _________to come.

punctual that is, As a guest, you should be_________, not too ______, not too ________. On the early late change other hand, it is also impolite to __________ an appointment after you’ve made it. If something unexpected __________ happens, and you have to change your appointment, inform the concerned person __________by telephone or with a

written note as soon as possible.

Read and Complete

EXERCISE 4

PRACTICE

Matching, changing the form of words if necessary.

apologize for any inconvenience caused by 1. We __________ the train’s delay. embarrassed 2. I was really ______________ when I knocked a cup of tea over him. informed my boss of my arrival in Tokyo. 3. I __________ emphasized that all people should learn to 4. It is _____________ make use of Internet. anxious to have our vacation in the 5. All of us are __________ countryside.

proper 6. Do you think this is a __________ solution to the problem? impolite to ask people such a personal 7. It is __________ question. 8. He is always on time for classes. The teacher punctual often praises him for being __________. unexpected answer to the question. 9. He gave a(n) __________ 10. Please tell Mr. Green that I’m here for the appointment _____________.

11. My secretary typed up aschedule __________ for me to follow on my trip.

Read and Translate

EXERCISE 5

PRACTICE
keep sb. waiting

Translate the following sentences into English.

1

对不起, 让你久等了。

I’m sorry to have kept you waiting
make an appointment

2

我想约见史密斯大夫。

I’d like to make an appointment to see Dr. Smith. 3 不敲门就进屋是不礼貌的。 impolite, knock at the door

It’s impolite to enter a room without knocking at the door first.

inform

4

如果发生什么特别情况,要尽快通知我们。 Inform us as soon as possible if anything special happens.

keep one’s promise

5 由于你没有遵守诺言,他们很生气。 They were angry because you had not kept your promise.

6

这样的话,咱们就争取早到。

in this case

In this case, let’s try to get there early.


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