2016-2017 学年深圳市高级中学高三年级第一次考试试卷 英语科试题
第二部分 阅读理解 第一节 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C、和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项 涂黑。 A The chance of a snowy holiday season in most American cities is practically impossible this year, so any festive atmosphere to be enjoyed will have to be the imaginary sort. Luckily, there are books for that. The Complete Fairy Tales by Hans Christian Andersen Any reader of fairy tales knows Andersen’s responsible for the snowy scenes in "The Snow Queen", the story of children Kai and Gerda, who must face the goddess-like woman who controls all snowflakes after Kai is kidnapped. Family Life by Akhil Sharma It's a beautiful yet tragic novel about an Indian family immigrating to America, only to face entirely new hardships. Sharma's novel isn't entirely set in the wintertime, but his poetic descriptions of winter weather as lovely yet isolating make it a great choice for a December read. Frankenstein by Mary Shelley Go ahead and give up movie adaptation that has been produced recently and read or re-read the classic itself. You know the story: a scientist driven by his ambition discovers a method for creating life, and spends two years cobbling together a living creature, who later feels anger about him. An American Childhood by Annie Dillard Dillard's first book is, as its title suggests, about her change from being a self-centered child to being an adult more concerned with the world around her than with her own personal concerns. Her parents are key figures in the story. One famous scene takes place during what the author calls “a big snow”, in 1950. 1. Who wrote a novel about “The Snow Queen"? A. Annie Dillard. B. Donna Tartt. C. Akhil Sharma. D. Hans Christian Andersen. 2 What do we know about Frankenstein? A. It has been adapted to a movie. B. It’s about the secret history. C. It’s about an Indian family D. It’s a fairy tale. 3. From An American Childhood, we know the main characters are __________. A. self-centered children. B. adults. C. scientists. D. Dillard's parents. B The summer of 2001 saw Australians win the Cycling Tour de France, beat the world at cricket and rugby, and have a player in the final of the Wimbledon Tennis Tournament for the eighteenth time. Many countries would be amazed at that kind of success. For Australia, it was just a typical sporting summer. At the 2000 Olympics, Australia came fourth in the medals table. That does not sound so great, yet Australia has a population of only 19 million. There are more Olympic medal winners per head of population in Australia than in any other country.
What is it that makes Australians a sporting people? This is a question that many people participating in sports have asked themselves over the years. Some of the answers are simple. Sport needs space. Australians have 7.4 million square kilometers of space to play sports in. Many other countries are either too crowded or too small to encourage everybody to take part. Besides that, Australia is a warm, dry country. This encourages people to go outdoors to enjoy themselves. Furthermore, since 85 per cent of Australians live near the sea, they learn water sports early; and since sharks swim off the coasts of Australia, they also learn to swim very fast. Other reasons go deep into the history, culture and economy of the country. When the British first found Australia they decided that it would be a great place to send criminals to. Life for the first Australians was very tough, so they had to be independent and develop a will to win just to survive. Yet they also had to be able to trust each other and be willing to help each other out. In other countries, coaches train people in mental toughness and team building. In Australia, these qualities are part of the general social environment. From the cultural perspective, being far away from Europe also meant that Australians were far away from the centres of Western arts and cultures. As a result, sport itself has become a way of cultural expression and part of the Australian nationality. An English football fan wants to see the national team do well, but really cares more about his local club. For an Australian, representing the nation is the most important of all. Everything else is just good practice. Being good at sports is part of what it means to be an Australian. 4. What can we learn from paragraph 2? A. Australia has the most medal winners in the world. B. The achievement made in 2001 is abnormal for Australia. C. Australia has a smaller population than any other country. D. The performance of Australia in sports is great in relation to its population. 5. According to paragraph 4, the following factors make Australians a sporting people EXCEPT _____. A. climate B. playground C. season D. geography 6. Supposing you are an English football fan, you are most delighted that ______. A. you will watch a live football match B. the club you support wins the match C. you will see a football star in the flesh D. the national team defeats its competitor 7. In the following paragraph, the author is probably to _____. A. explain the reason in economy B. introduce the sports stars in clubs C. foresee the future of sports in Australia D. describe the love for one’s motherland C Everywhere I look outside my home I see people busy on their high-tech devices, while driving, walking, shopping, even sitting in toilets. When connected electronically, they are away from physical reality. People have been influenced to become technology addicted. One survey reported that “addicted” was the word most commonly used by people to describe their relationship to iPad and similar devices. One study found that people had a harder time resisting the allure of social media than they did for sleep, cigarettes and alcohol. The main goal of technology companies is to get people to spend more money and time on their products, not to actually improve our quality of life. They have successfully created a cultural disease. Consumers willingly give up their freedom, money and time to catch up on the latest information, to keep pace with their peers or to appear modern. I see people trapped in a pathological (病态的) relationship with time-sucking technology, where they serve technology more than technology serves them. I call this technology servitude. I am referring to a loss of personal freedom and independence because of uncontrolled consumption of many kinds of devices that eat up time and money.
What is a healthy use of technology devices? That is the vital question. Who is really in charge of my life? That is what people need to ask themselves if we are to have any chance of breaking up false beliefs about their use of technology. When we can live happily without using so much technology for a day or a week, then we can regain control and personal freedom, become the master of technology and discover what there is to enjoy in life free of technology. Mae West is famous for proclaiming the wisdom that “too much of a good thing is wonderful.” But it’s time to discover that it does not work for technology. Richard Fernandez, an executive coach at Google acknowledged that “we can be swept away by our technologies.” To break the grand digital connection people must consider how life long ago could be fantastic without today’s overused technology. 8. The underlined word “allure” in Paragraph 2 probably means ________. A. adaption B. attraction C. attempt D. advantage 9. From the passage, technology companies aim to ________. A. deal with cultural diseases B. provide the latest information C. improve people’s quality of life D. attract people to buy their products 10. It can be inferred from this passage that people ________. A. consider too much technology wonderful B. have realized the harm of high-tech devices C. can regain freedom without high-tech devices D. may enjoy life better without overused technology 11. What’s the author’s attitude towards the overusing of high-tech devices? A. Neutral. B. Skeptical. C. Disapproving. D. Sympathetic. D Antarctica’s Lake Vostok has long been a mystery to scientists. Sealed(密封) off from the outside world for millions of years, Vostok is buried beneath 13 000 feet of ice. The huge underground lake is the size of Lake Ontario and is located in one of Antarctica’s coldest regions. Scientists want to know：What lives below the ice? They might find out soon. After more than 10 years, a team of Russian scientists have finally been able to drill through the ice into Vostok’s ancient waters. Vostok lies below one of the coldest zones on Earth, and the ice here is denser than ice elsewhere on the planet. Drilling can take place each year only during Antarctica’s warmest weather. This is when the ice is easier to drill, and the temperatures are not as severe for scientists living in the Vostok Research Station, which is above the lake. Numerous past attempts to reach the lake, including one last year, failed because the scientists did not finish drilling before the weather became too cold. Scientists estimate that Vostok has been closed off from the outside world for approximately 30 million years. Signs of tiny organisms called microbes (微生物)were discovered years ago in the ice above the lake. Some researchers think similar lifeforms could be thriving (兴盛的，繁荣的) below the ice shielding Vostok's waters. Ancient forms of life that could remain in these waters might reveal new information about how organisms can survive in extreme environments, and about how life used to exist on Earth millions of years ago.“For me, the discovery of this lake is comparable with the first flight into space，” says expedition director Valery Lukin.“By technological complexity, by importance, by uniqueness.” More than 350 underground lakes are frozen below Antarctica, and Lake Vostok is one of the largest. Teams of scientists are now planning to drill into similar lakes throughout Antarctica. In December (summertime in the Southern Hemisphere), an American team will be tunneling into Lake Whillans near the South Pole, and a British team will attempt to reach Lake Ellsworth in West Antarctica. 12. Russian scientists drilled through the ice into Lake Vostok ________.
A. to fetch some ancient water B. to find some ancient forms of life C. to explore natural resources D. to measure the thickness of ice 13. Based on their findings what are researchers expected to do? A. To know the geographical features of Antarctica. B. To solve mysteries of the ice at the South Pole. C. To analyze the evolution history of the earth. D. To open Antarctica’s 30?million?year?old secrets. 14. Research on Antarctica underground lakes like these can be considered ________. A. the path of guiding human development B. the result of human struggle for existence C. a new frontier for scientists D. a great victory against nature 15. Which of the following statements is NOT true? A. The task of Russian scientists drilling is quite challenging. B. British and US teams are targeting Lakes Ellsworth and Whillans respectively. C. The attempt to drill might fail during the Antarctic winter. D. What was in the waters of Antarctica lakes has been revealed. 第二节 根据短文内容，从短文后选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项多余选项。 Third-Culture Kids Did you grow up in one culture, your parents came from another, and you are now living in a totally different country? If so, then you are a third-culture kid! The term “third-culture kid” (or TCK) was coined in the 1960s by Dr. Ruth. She first came across this phenomenon when she researched North American children living in India. Caught between two cultures, they form their very own. 16 About 90 percent of them have a university degree, while 40 percent pursue a postgraduate or doctor degree. They usually benefit from their intercultural experience, which helps them to grow into successful academics and professionals. 17 In fact many hardships may arise from this phenomenon. A third-culture kid may not be able to adapt themselves completely to their new surroundings as expected. Instead, they may always remain an outsider in different host cultures. Max, for example, experienced this fundamental feeling of strangeness throughout his life as a third-culture kid. 18 While this can be a way to create a network of friends all around the world, it can be difficult for a third-culture kid like Max to maintain close friendships and relationships. For a third-culture kid, it is often easier to move to a new foreign country than to return to their “home” country. After living in Australia and South Korea for many years, Louis finally returned to Turkey as a teenager. But she felt out of place when she returned to the country where she was born. 19 She did not share the same values as her friends’ even years after going back home. While a third-culture kid must let go of their identity as foreigner when he/she returns, the home country can prove to be more foreign than anything he/she came across before. The peer group they face does not match the idealized image children have of “home”. 20 As a part of the growing “culture”, TCKs may find it a great challenge for them to feel at home in many places. A. Yet being a third-culture kid is not always easy. B. In general, they often reach excellent academic results. C. This often makes it hard for them to form their own identity. D. However, their parents can help them see the opportunities of a mobile lifestyle. E. Their experience abroad helps them to gain a better understanding of cultural differences.
F. Unlike other teens of her age, she didn’t know anything about current TV shows or fashion trends. G. Additionally, making new friends and saying goodbye to old ones will at some point become routine for a third-culture kid. 第三部分 英语知识运用 第一节 完形填空 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 21--40 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 中，选出最佳选项，并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 A phone call reached me one cold winter day. I was 21 that my father was seriously ill. I had not seen my father since his divorce from my mom, and he had lived alone in a small trailer(拖车式活动房）in California, 500 miles away from me. The real 22 between us seemed much greater. I was in no hurry to change that, but 23 I promised to be there the next day. The whole drive down, 24 flashed through my mind. I remembered my father, the proud Marine (海 军陆战队队员). He snatched off the Christmas tree all the decorations the rest of us had put up and rehung them so there was 25 the same spacing between them. But we needn’t 26 those military orders. I remembered clearly the battles he had with my mother. I remembered 27 to hear my father say just once, “I love you, Patty”, only to have him 28 at me, “You can’t do anything right!” Standing outside his trailer, I tried to 29 my courage to face him one more time. Slowly, I took a few steps inside, my hand and my whole body shaking, too 30 to believe my eyes. Sitting on the sofa, my father looked confused and frustrated. This wasn’t the angry and 31 man I had known growing up. This man was 32 and seemed broken. Part of me felt sorry for him, but another part of me was thinking this was exactly the fate he 33 . “God, what am I supposed to do now?” I wondered. But as soon as the words 34 me, a sense of sorrow 35 me, and I knew that I had to take him to my home. It was the 36 part I struggled with. The days of looking after my father turned into weeks, then months. All the pain, the conflicted feelings I’d been 37 over the years came rushing out. One night, I sat there, talking to God, begging him to help me let go of the ugly feelings I had toward my father. When I was finished, I felt an incredible peace, as if every 38 had been lifted from me. 39 had cleaned all that from me and I felt free to start living the joyful life God wanted me to live. It has been eight years since father died. Now when I think of him, those are the moments I remember, which are, as I put on Dad’s headstone, God’s amazing 40 . 21. A. reminded B. confirmed C. informed D. warned 22. A. difficulty B. challenge C. pain D. distance 23. A. somehow B. therefore C. otherwise D. somewhat 24. A. messages B. memories C. thoughts D. images 25. A. exactly B. specifically C. generally D. roughly 26. A. admit B. recite C. master D. observe 27. A. attempting B. longing C. promising D. hesitating 28. A. stare B. aim C. laugh D. shout 29. A. strengthen B. support C. gather D. distribute 30. A. shocked B. puzzled C. worried D. disappointed 31. A. selfish B. sensitive C. controlling D. fascinating 32. A. fragile B. awkward C. cautious D. stubborn 33. A. grasped B. deserved C. determined D. expected 34. A. inspired B. motivated C. escaped D. followed 35. A. absorbed B. defeated C. ruined D. overtook
36. A. physical 37. A. keeping up 38. A. resolve 39. A. Forgiveness 40. A. acknowledgement
B. emotional B. looking back B. crime B. Sadness B. favour
C. religious C. holding back C. disaster C. Kindness C. appreciation
D. material D. picking up D. burden D. Awareness D. conscience
第二节 阅读下面材料, 在空白处填入适当的内容或括号内单词的正确形式。 Switzerland is famous for its watches. 41 , this country didn’t invent the watch. 42 was the British who did it. Here is a story of how the watch 43 (bring) to Switzerland. Many years ago, an Englishman was travelling to Italy and on his way he stopped in a small town 44 (call) Geneva in Switzerland. This Englishman travelled in a carriage inside 45 there was a carriage watch. This was the 46 (early) kind of watch. A Blacksmith happened to see the watch. He wondered 47 it was and asked the Englishman 48 it. “It is a carriage watch.” said the man. “This machine tells the time but now it isn’t working.” At once the man offered to try repairing it. So the traveller handed him the watch. The man was very wise. So it was not 49 (surprise) that he managed to repair it. He even remembered how it was made. As soon as the traveller had gone on his way, he made a watch 50 (exact) the same type. 第四部分 写作 第一节 短文改错 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。作文中 共有 10 处错误，每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧)，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线( \ )划掉。 修改：在错的词下画一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。 2．只允许修改 10 处，多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Last year a national campaign named “Clear Your Plates” launched in China. It is a tradition for the Chinese to entertain guests with a plenty of food. They believe that they have not satisfied their guests if there’s no food leaving on the table. So order much food is a good way to show their hospitality. As a result, restaurant trashcans are often found full with leftovers. Worse still, some full plates are left untouched while the guests leave. The “Clear Your Plates” campaign aims to reduce waste or raise people’s awareness. It has been warm welcomed by people from all walks of life (各界人士). We should learn to develop the habit of saving natural resources. We’d better not order much than what we need. It is a good idea to eat with our friends in order to eat up that we buy. If we don’t take action now, more people will go hungry in the future.
第二节 书面表达 假如你是李华，你班“研究性学习(research study)小组”拟召开成果交流会，希望外籍教师 Tom 光临 指导。请你参照以下交流会海报内容，给他写一封信。
1. 2. 2. 4.
研究性学习成果交流会 主 题：未来能源技术 时 间：6 月 24 下午 4:00-5:30 地 点：学生中心 展示方式：PPT 汇报、交流等 欢迎光临！
注意： 1. 词数 100 左右； 2．可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 3. 信的开头与结尾已为你写好。 Dear Tom， I am Li Hua, a student of yours. __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Yours, Li Hua 欢迎访问“高中试 g