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广东省珠海市2012-2013学年高一上学期期末质检英语试题(B卷)

时间:2013-01-26


广东省珠海市 2012~2013 学年度第一学期期末学生学业质量监测 高一英语试题(B 卷)
(本试卷分第一卷和第二卷两部分。满分:135;考试时间:120 分钟)

听说合考另行安排考试。
注意事项:1. 答卷前,考生务必用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔将自己的姓名和考生号、试室号、座位号填写 在答题卡上。用 2B 铅笔将试卷类型(A)填涂在答题卡相应位置上。 2. 选择题每小题选出答案后,用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目选项的答案信息点涂黑,如需改 动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案,答案不能答在试卷上。 3. 非选择题必须用黑色字迹钢笔或签字笔作答,答案必须写在答题卡各题目指定区域内相应位 置上;如需改动,先划掉原来的答案,然后再写上新的答案;不准使用铅笔和涂改液。不按 以上要求作答的答案无效。 4. 考生必须保持答题卡的整洁。考试结束后,将答题卡交回。

第一卷 第一部分 单项填空: (共 10 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 20 分) 从每小题所给的四个选项中选出一个最佳选项, 并将答题卡上的相应选项涂 黑。 1. The policeman warned the drive ________ so carelessly. A. never to drive B. to never drive C. to not drive D. doesn’t drive 2. I will visit you if Father ______ me. A. let B. lets C. is letting D. will let 3. The sun heats the earth, ___________ is very important to living things. A. that B. what C. which D. where 4. Although knocked down by a car, he managed to ______ to his feet. A. stand B. rise C. run D. struggle 5. We are living in an age many things are done on computer. A.which B.that C.whose D.when
6. It is a paradox(自相矛盾) that in

a rich country there should be

many

poor people. B. such; so C. so; so D. so; such news in a voice. A. amazing; surprising B. amazed; surprised C. amazing; surprised D. amazed; surprising 8. My brother wants to work in the factory which _________ now. A. is building B. has been built C. is being built D. is to be built 9. I’ll finish the job ____ I come across great difficulty. A. however B. even though C. no matter D. as though 10. Columbus _________ the New World in 1492. A. discovered B. found C. found out D. looked for 第二部分 完形填空: (共 15 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面的短文, 然后从每小题所给的四个选项中选出一个最佳选项,并将 答题卡上的相应选项涂黑。 The first day of university our professor introduced himself and challenged us to
7. He told me about the
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A. such; such

get to know someone we didn’t already know. I stood up to look around when a gentle hand touched my shoulder. I turned around to find a 11 ,little old lady beaming up at me with a smile that 12 her entire being. She said, “Hi, handsome. My name is Rose. I’m eighty-seven years old. Can I give you a hug?” I laughed and enthusiastically 13 , “Of course you may!” and she gave me a giant 14 . “Why are you in college at such a young, innocent age?” I asked. She 15 replied, “I’m here to meet a rich husband, get married, and have a couple of kids…” “No seriously,” I asked. I was 16 what may have motivated her to be taking on this 17 at her age. “I always dreamed of having a 18 and now I’m getting one!” she told me. Over the course of the year, Rose became a campus icon and she 19 made friends wherever she went. She loved to dress up and she enjoyed the attention bestowed upon her from the other 20 . She was living it up. At the end of the semester we invited Rose to speak at our football banquet. I’ll never forget what she taught us. “We do not stop playing because we are old; we grow 21 because we stop playing. There are only four 22 to staying young, being happy and achieving success. You have to laugh and find humor every day. You’ve got to have a dream. When you lose your 23 ,you die. Anybody can grow older. That doesn’t take any talent or 24 . The idea is to grow up by always finding opportunity in 25 . Have no regrets.” 11.A.strong B.beautiful C.wrinkled D.charming 12.A. surrounded with B.lit up C.covered D.showed off 13.A.responded B.announced C.agreed D.allowed 14.A.kiss B.squeeze(紧抱)C.smile D.arm 15.A.seriously B.happily C.jokingly D.hopefully 16.A.curious B.eager C.unsure D.doubtful 17.A.career B.degree C.hobby D.challenge 18.A.college education B.rich husband C.good job D.happy family 19.A.frequently B.seldom C.easily D.often 20.A.elderly B.people C.friends D.students 21.A.mature B.weak C.relaxed D.old 22.A.notes B.suggestions C.secrets D.requirements 23.A.courage B.dreams C.confidence D.friends 24.A.ability B.time C.money D.effort 25.A.university B.hope C.trial D.change 第三部分 语法填空: (共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 阅读下面的短文, 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填 入适当的词或使用括号中所给词的适当形式填空,并将答案写在答题卡标号为 26~35 后面的横线上。 Have you ever listened to young children talking on the playground? They are
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always boasting(自夸). They say things like, “My dad’s car is bigger ___26___ your dad’s,” and “My mom is smarter than yours.” There were three little boys, Harry, Ted and Gavin, ___27___were always boasting. Gavin was the worst. Everything about his family was always the best. ___28___ the others said, he could always go on better. One day ___29___ they were walking to school, Harry said, “My father had a bath twice ___30___ week,” Ted spoke next. “That’s nothing,” he said. “That is dirty. My father has a bath every day, sometimes twice.” Ted looked at Gavin. Now it was ___31___ turn. But this time Ted thought, “I’m going to win.” Gavin didn’t know what to say. He couldn’t say that his father had a bath three times a day. That was silly. He walked on ___32___ silence. Both Ted ___33___ Harry smiled. They were sure that for once they___34___ (beat) Gavin. They reached the school gates. Still Gavin said nothing. “We’ve won,” Ted said to Harry, but he spoke too soon. On the way home, Gavin said, “My Dad is ___35___ clean that he doesn’t have to bathe at all.” 第四部分 阅读理解: (共 40 分。阅读理解 3 篇 30 分;信息匹配 10 分) 第一节 阅读理解: (共 15 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文, 从每小题所给的四个选项中选出最佳选项,并将答题卡上的 相应选项涂黑。 (A) Many job opportunities are offered to those who wish to work. It helps if you know more than one language. There are good jobs for interpreters and typists who know English and another language. There are many good jobs in government. In most cases, you must be a citizen of this country, and you must take a civil service examination. These examinations are open to everyone, regardless of race, religion, or color. For many civil service jobs you need a high school diploma. The person who does not have a high school diploma can get one. There are several ways. You can study high school subjects at home and then take special tests. If you pass the tests, then you get a diploma. Or you can go to night school. There are classes that prepare you to take special tests to earn a diploma. You can attend a night school that grants a high school diploma if you complete certain courses. If you do this, you do not have to take the special tests. Be as well trained as you can. Get as much training as you can. Opportunity knocks at every door. Be sure that when it knocks at your door you are ready. 36. From the passage, we know that an interpreter’s job must have something to do with_________.
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A. money B. languages C. opportunities D. diploma 37. In order to get a government job, you must take a certain__________. A. course B. trip C. test D. service 38. The passage suggests that _________. A. any citizen can try to get a government job B. civil service jobs are offered only to foreigners C. training programs are often poorly organized D. anyone who wishes to work can get a good job 39. We can see that . A. one can work on a high school diploma at home B. typists who know English get a good pay C. well-trained people are often out of work D. job opportunities will help you to know more than one language 40. Which of the following is not true? If you want to get a high school diploma, you need . A. to study at home and pass special tests B. to go to night school to prepare you to pass special tests C. to attend a night school and complete certain courses D. to get as much training as you can and be always ready

(B) I hated dinner parties. But I decided to give them another shot because I’m in London. And my friend Mallery invited me. And because dinner parties in London are very different from those back in New York. There, “I’m having a dinner party” means “I’m booking a table for 12 at a restaurant you can’t afford and we’ll be sharing the cheque evenly, no matter what you eat.” Worse, in Manhattan there is always someone who leaves before the bill arrives. They’ll throw down cash, half of what they owe, and then people like me, who don’t drink, end up paying even more. But if I try to use the same trick, the hostess will shout “Where are you going?” And it’s not like I can say I have somewhere to go : everyone knows I have nowhere to go. But in London, dinner parties are in people’s homes. Not only that, the guests are an interesting mix. The last time I went to one, the guests were from France, India, Denmark and Nigeria; it was like a gathering at the United Nations. In New York, the mix is less striking. It’s like a gathering at Bloomingdale’s, a well-known department store. For New Yorkers, talking about other parts of the world means Brooklyn and Queens in New York. But at Mallery’s, when I said that I had been to Myanmar recently, people knew where it was. In New York people would think it was a usual new club. 41. What does the word “shot” in Paragraph 1 probably mean? A. Choice. B. Try. C. Style. D. Goal. 42. What does the author dislike most about dinner parties in New York?
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A. There is a strange mix of people. B. The restaurant are expensive. C. The bill is not fairly shared. D. People have to pay cash. 43. What does the author think of the parties in London? A.A bit unusual. B. Full of tricks. C. Less costly. D. More interesting. 44. What is the author’s opinion of some New Yorkers from her experience? A. Easygoing.. B. Self-centred. C. Generous. D. Conservative. 45.What is the main idea of this article? A.The author hated dinner parties. B. The author prefer dinner parties in London to those in New York. C. The difference between London and New York. D. Mallery invited the author to a party. (C ) When you think of all the ways your body can get hurt---falling off a bike, stepping on a nail, being bitten by a crazed dog---the aches and pains that come from sitting at a computer may not seem like much. But more doctors are getting worried about just that. If you sit at a PC the wrong way, the nerves and muscles in your back, neck and arms can get out of line. Ergonomics is the study of how people work and how jobs and equipment can be designed so that people are safer and more comfortable in the things they do---whether that’s working on a factory assembly line or sitting in front of a computer. The monitor You should not have to tilt(倾斜) your neck up or down to lock at the screen. Your eyes should be level with the top of the screen. How far away should you sit? Reach your arm out so your fingertips just touch the screen. The keyboard It should be directly in front of you. Don’t unfold the legs on the bottom of the keyboard so that it tilts up toward you---it should be as flat as possible, or even tilted away from you. You want your wrists “neutral,” which means straight, not bent. This puts less strain on your nerves and muscles. Arms should be close to the body. Don’t look at your fingers as you type. Use a document holder to hold papers at the same level as the monitor. Keep the mouse on the same level as the keyboard and close by--- so you don’t have to reach for it. The chair Your feet shouldn’t dangle---the blood will pool in your feet. They should rest flat on the floor, or on phone books, if necessary. Your back needs support. Roll up a towel and stick it there. The Body If you think of your body as a collection of right angles when you sit at a computer, you should be just fine.
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Your hips should be at a 90-degree angle to your back. That takes the pressure off the spine. And your knees should bend at a 90 degree angle so your feet are flat. 46. The passage mainly talks about . A. avoiding pains caused by using PC B. the science of ergonomics C. illness caused by a computer D. how to keep fit 47. The underlined word “ergonomics” most probably means ______ in Chinese. A. 管理学 B. 人机工程学 C. 机械工程学 D. 经济学 48. How high should a monitor be placed according to the passage? A. As high as your arms. B. A little higher than your eyes. C. A little lower than your eyes. D. At the same level as your eyes. 49. How shouldn’t a keyboard be placed? A. Tilting away from you. B. Tilting up toward you. C. Flat. D. Not mentioned. 50. How should you place your foot? A. Rest them on a phone book. B. Rest them on the floor. C. They should rest flat. D. They should dangle. 第二节 信息匹配: (共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 阅读下列文字资料,按照要求匹配信息,并将答题卡上的相应选项涂黑。 请阅读下列科技新闻的信息: A. One of the biggest science stories last year was the research on stem cells announced by South Korean scientist Hwang Woo-suk. But now it appears that the research was false. In June, Mr. Hwang reported that he and his team at Seoul National University had created eleven new stem cell lines. B. Another major science story last year came from the United States. On December twentieth, a federal judge ruled that teaching “intelligent design” in public schools is a violation of the United States Constitution. C. There was also news last year about the American space program. The American space shuttle(航天飞机) returned to the skies in July. Discovery and its seven-member crew made the first shuttle flight in two and one-half years. NASA had suspended shuttle flights following the deadly explosion of the shuttle Columbia in 2003. D. Avian influenza (禽流感) was also a major science story last year. The H5N1 virus appeared in birds in Europe for the first time. Yet the only known human cases of the disease have been in East Asia. There have been about one hundred forty
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confirmed cases of bird flu since 2003. About half the people have died. E. The World Health Organization advises patients to take a combination of four drugs to treat tuberculosis(肺结核). These four antibiotics must be taken for about six months to cure the disease. Some people, however, take the drugs only until they feel better. Discontinuing treatment is a mistake. F. The researchers began the study in January, 2002. They called it SMART---Strategies for Management of Anti-retroviral Therapy. The scientists reached more than ninety percent of the target before they halted(停止) new enrollments last month. The researchers tested all the people for the level of CD-four cells in their blood. The researchers divided the patients into two groups. 阅读以下与科技有关的信息卡,然后匹配信息卡和与之相关的科技新闻: 51. Card 1: One group stayed on continuous anti-retroviral therapy. They took their medicines every day. The other took them periodically. They took the drugs only when their CD-four count fell below two hundred fifty cells per cubic millimeter of blood. 52. Card 2 : Judge John Jones said that intelligent design is not science. He said it is a version of Christianity. So to teach it in public schools violates the law that requires the separation of church and state. Supporters of intelligent design criticize the science of evolution. 53. Card 3: Stem cells have the ability to grow into other cells. Science magazine published the report. The new lines were made from the eggs of eighteen women and skin cells from eleven other people. 54.Card 4: Many of the victims had touched or been around infected farm birds. But health experts around the world began warning that the bird flu virus could change into a form that is passed from person to person. 55.Card 5 : That explosion was the result of damage done to Columbia during its launch. A piece of lightweight protective material fell off the shuttle’s external fuel container. The object hit the shuttle at a high rate of speed and made a hole in one of the wings. This permitted extremely hot gases to enter the shuttle and destroy the spacecraft as it returned to the earth.
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第二卷 第一部分 单词拼写:(共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,共计 10 分) 根据句中所需单词的首写字母或中文提示,写出该单词的正确形式,并将答 案写在答题卡相应题号后面的横线上。 56. People all over the world love to live a p__________ life. 57. In the accident, only two people s__________ at last.

58. The boy made a ____________(诺言) to his parents about his plans. 59. He is an h__________ person. You can believe in him. 60. Computers are used to c__________with each other around the world by the Internet. 61. The little girl loves collecting __________ (蝴蝶). 62. This movies are for a________, not for children. 63. People try to predicate the 64. He made such good him. 65. The building is specially __________(设计) for the homeless people. 第二部分 完成句子:(共 5 小题,10 个空,每空 1 分,满分 10 分) 66. He decided to travel by car ______ 67. Milu deer has ______ ________ from China. 68. He was late for the meeting 69. The novel ____ 70. The twins have a lot 第三部分 基础写作: (满分 15 分) 请你根据以下资料说明,使用 5 个规范的句子描述全部所给的信息内容。 写作内容: 姓名:张 丽 学校:胜利中学 出生年月:1997 年 9 月 1 日 头发颜色:黑色 父母职业:医生 掌握外语情况:英语 the bad weather. (而不是) by train. _________(自然的)disaster. (进步)in English study that the teacher praised

you’re interested was written by Mark Twain. .

地址:中国珠海迎宾路 138 号 身高:160 cm 全家人口:3 人 爱好:游泳和太极

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写作要求:1 标题:Something about ZhangLi 2 必须使用 5 个句子介绍全部所给内容; 3 将 5 个句子组织成连贯的短文。 评分标准:句子结构的准确性和复杂度;信息内容的完整性和连贯性。

珠海市 2012~2013 学年度第二学期期末学生学业质量监测高一英语

参考答案
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第一卷 第一部分 单项填空: (共 10 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 20 分) 1-5 ABCDD 6-10 BCCBA 第二部分 完形填空: (共 15 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 11—15 CBABC 16-20 ADACD 21-25 DCBAD 第三部分 语法填空: (共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 26. than 27. who 28. Whatever 29. when 30. a 31. his 32. in 33. and 34.had beaten 35. so 第四部分 阅读理解: (共 40 分。阅读理解 3 篇 30 分;信息匹配 10 分) 第一节 阅读理解: (共 15 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 36—40 BCAAD 41-45 BCDBB 46-50 ABDBC 第二节 信息匹配: (共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 51-55 FBADC 第二卷 第一部分 单词拼写:(共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,共计 10 分) 56. peaceful 57. survived 58. promise 59. honest 60. communicate 61. butterflies 62. adults 63. natural 64.progress 65. designed 第二部分 完成句子:(共 5 小题,10 个空,每空 1 分,满分 10 分) 66. rather than 67. died out 68. because of 69. in which 70. in common 第三部分 基础写作: (满分 15 分)

参考样文:
Something about Zhang Li Zhang Li, who is 160cm tall with black hair is a student from ShengLi Middle School. His family, which is at 138, Yingbi Road, Zhuhai, China, has got three people. Both his parents are doctors. Zhang Li has two hobbies, which are swimming and TaiChi He knows English well and can speak perfect English.

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