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Book1Unit 2 教师版(答案)

时间:2014-11-04


Unit 2 English around the world
编写人: 李焕 审校:陈新
教师寄语:No pains, No gains. 教学目标:要求学生熟读并掌握本单元新的词汇,做到三会(会读、会写、会用) 一、 Key words

1. base vt/n vt.①base?on?以?为基础 Alice always bases her opinions on the facts. 译: 爱丽丝总是把她的观点建立在事实之一 ②be based on 以??为基础 这支歌源于一首古老的民间歌曲。 (folk 民间的) 译: The song is based on an old folk song. n.底部,基础,根据 the base of a building 2. present 1)n. a gift 礼品,赠品 You set about choosing a birthday present for her. 译: 你着手为她选一个生日礼物。 2)adj ①“出席的,到场的”作定语或表语,作定语时放于中心名词后面,其 反义词:absent ②“当前的,目前的”放于中心名词前 Something must be done about the present situation. 译: 关于目前的状况,必须要采取一些措施。 建筑物的根基

A lot of students were present at the meeting. 译: 很多学生出席了会议。 the present president. Most of the people present are boys.

现任总统

在场的大多数人是男孩子。 →n.现在,目前 at present 目前,现在

the past ,the present and the future 过去,现在和平未来。 3)vt 颁发,授予,赠送;提出,交出
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present sth to sb present sb with sth

把??颁发/赠送给 sb

市长给优胜者颁发奖品(mayor 市长) The mayor presented the prize to the winner. When he left,the manager presented him with a gold watch. 他离开时,经理送他一只金表。 present sth(to sb)把?交给 sb I presented the letter to him. 3.command 1)命令,指令 command vt sth sb to do that (should)动词原形,虚拟语气,should 可省 我把这封信交给了他。

eg:The judge commanded silence 法官命令大家肃静。 警察命令他停下来。 The policeman commanded him to stop.

The teacher commanded that he (should) go out of the classroom. 老师命令他离开 教室。 n.命令,控制 under one’s—在 sb’s 控制之下。

2)掌握 vt command sth n. have a good command of 精通 她精通德语 She has a good command of German.

4、request vt/n (正式或礼貌地)请求,要求。 request sb to do sth sth of/from sb that (should do 虚拟语气)

eg:He will request your help .他将请你帮忙。 Visitors are requested not to touch the exhibits. 参观者请勿触摸展示品。 I requested that he (should)come one hour earlier. 译:我要求他早到一小时。 n. 请求,愿望,要求
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eg: We should make a request for help. 我们应该请求支援。 at sb’s request →at the request of sb 应某人的要求。 拓展: 一坚持 二命令 三建议 四要求 insist order command advise suggest propose demand desire request require

这些词跟宾语从句中都用虚拟语言,should 可省略。 5.recognize vt 1)辨认出,认出,认识 I recognized my old friend at once.

我立刻认出我的老朋友。 —one’s voice. 2)承认,确认 ~?as ~?to be

~? that?

We recognize him as a clever man. 我们都认为他是个聪明人。 他不承认自己犯下了大错。 He didn’t recognize that he had made a big mistake. 二、 key usage of phrases

1. because of /because [归纳用法] ? because of 为介词短评,近似于 as a result of ,表示“由于;因为” 。强调因果 关系,在句中仅作状语,修饰句中的一部分,与其他成分不用逗号隔开。 ? because 和 because of 的不同点:一般说来,because 作为从属连词,用以引 导原因状语从句时,其后应是一个不含有引导词的句子。 Because of his wife (‘s)being there, I said nothing about it. 他的妻子在场,我便没提这件事情。 I bought the house simply because it was large. 我买了这房子,因为它面积大。 She cried because of what you said. 她哭是因为你说的话。 We stayed at home. This is because of rain. 因为下雨,我们呆在家里。

Thanks to /due to /owing to 与 because of 有何异同?
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2、come up vi (1)提出,出现 The subject came up in the conversation. 这个问题在谈话中被提到。 =Someone came up with the subject in the conversation. (2)(太阳等)升起 I’d like to get up early to watch the sun come up. 译:我喜欢早起看日出 (3) (从土中)长出发芽。 The sunflower seeds that we’ve sown have come up. 我们种的向日葵种子已经发芽了。 (4)靠近,接近 He came up and said hello to us. 译:他走过来跟我们打招呼。 拓展:come up with 想出,提出(计划,注意等) come about 发生,产生 come out 开花,出版

come to 达到某种程度,涉及到 come on 催促,加油,来吧,好啦,赶快,走吧,表催促劝诱,激励等意。 Key sentences. 1. Do you know that there is more than one kind of English in the world? 你知道世界上不止有一种英语吗? ① move than 后面跟 n?“不仅仅” fun more than fun.娱乐不仅仅是娱乐。 ② more than 与数词连用“超过,多干”相当于 over people more than 18 years of age have the right to vote in China. 在中国,年满 18 周岁的人拥有选举权。 注意:more than one+n 意为“不止一个” ,虽在语意上为复数,但在作主语时 谓语动词用单数。 More than one person has a good grasp of English in the school.在

这所学校里不止一个人精通英语。 ③ more than 还可与名词、形容词、副词、动词、动名词或分词连用,意为“不
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只是,非常;岂止”等。如:Both of them are much more than schoolmates. They are close friends. 他们俩远不只是同学,他们是知心朋友。 They were more than glad to help. 他们是极其愿意帮忙的。 ④ more than 后面跟句子,表示“超过” The job is more than I could do myself.

2. It was based more on German than the English we speak at present.当时的英语 更多地是以德语为基础,而现代英语不是。 分析 base A on/upon B 把 A 建立在 B 的基础上。 Be based on /upon 以??为基础/依据 more +adj/n+than+adj/n 表示“与其说,不如说??” ①与其说他聪明,倒不如说他幸运。He is more lucky than clever. ②与其说他是教师,不如说他是个学者。 (scholar) He is more (a) scholar than (a) teacher. 3. Native English speakers can understand each other even if they don ’t speak the same kind of English. 以英语作为母语的人,即使他们所讲的语言不尽相同,也可以相互交流。 本句是一复合句。 句中 even if 引导让步状语从句。 Even though 也可表示 “即使、 纵使” , 相当于 no matter whether;但两者之间略有差异。 Even though 有退一步设 想的意思,多用于书面语。even if 含有强烈的假设性。

引导让步状误从句的连词和词组: although, though( 虽然 ) , as, while( 尽管 ) , whether or ( 无论??还是) ①Cold as /though it is (=Though/Although it is cold),the children play outdoors. 虽然冷,孩子们仍然在外玩耍 ②I’ll do it, even if /thought it takes me all the aftermoon. 即使/尽管要花我整个下午的时间,我也要做。 ③Whether he drives or takes the train, he’ll be there on time. 无论是驾车还是坐火车,他都会按时到那儿的。 ⑤ No matter how busy he was, he studied English every day.无论多忙,
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他坚持每天学英语。 注意:as though=as if 好像:似乎;引导方式状语从句或表语从句;even so 即 使如此;虽然如此。 [迁移训练] (2007. 浙江) Many of them turned a deaf ear to his advice, to be valuable. A . as if B. now that C. even though D. so that C they knew it

4. English is also spoken in many other countries in Africa and Asia, such as South Africa , Singapore and Malaysia. 在非洲和亚洲的许多其他国家里也讲英语,比如南非、新加坡和马来西亚。 such as 例如,诸如此类的(后面常接上述人或事物的解释语) [词义辨析] such as 与 for example (1)such as 用于列举事物, 常用在列举的事物和前面的名词之间, 但是所列举事

物的数量不能等同于前面所提事物的总数,否则就应用 that is 或 namely. (2)for example 被用于举例说明,一般只列举同类人或事物中的“一个” ,其位置 比较灵活,可置于句首、句中或句末。 ①I visited many cities, such as Shanghai, Paris, London.我游览过很多 城市,比如上海、巴黎、伦敦。 ②I have four friends , that is/namely, John, Tom, Jack and Rob. 我有四个朋友,即约翰、汤姆、杰克和罗伯。 ③Some students,for example, Jim, lives in the neighbourhood. 有些学生比如吉姆,就住在这个地区。 ④Many great men such as Lincoln and Edison have risen from porverty. (=Many great men have risen from poverty-Lincoln and Edison, for example.) 许多像林肯、爱迪生这样的伟大出身贫寒。 ⑥ Only two persons can do the job, namely you and I. 只有两个人能做这工作,就是我和你。 (3)that is 用来列举全部事例,放在被列举事例前面并用逗号隔开,相当于 namely 或 that is to say. [巩固运用]
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He can speak three languages, A. such as B. namely

B

English, Japanese and Chinese.

C. for example D. for instance

5. China may have the largest number of English speakers.中国也许是把英语作为 外来语说的人数最多的国家。 India has a very large number of English speakers. 印度拥有众多讲英语的人。 (1) the number of 意为“??的数目” 。 Do you know the number of chairs in the room? 你知道那房子里椅子的数目吗? The number of chairs in the room is 10.房间里椅子的数目是 10 把。 (2) the number of 加可数名词复数作主语时谓语动词要用单数, 但 a number of 加可数名词的复数,表示“大量许多” ,以它作主语时,谓语动词要用复数。 A number of accidents have occurred. 已有许多事故发生了。 [归纳拓展] “许多”的表达法: ① 名词的搭配
many, many a (n) a great /good many a good/large number of the majority of a lot of /lots of a quantity of /quantities of plenty of ②谓语动词的数 a large amount of Large amounts of +可数名词或不可数名词 +可数名词 much a good/great deal of a large amount of amounts of

+不可数名词

+不可数名词+

单数谓语 复数谓语

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[巩固运用] The number of people invited different reasons. A . were; was B. was; was C. was; were D. were; were C fifty, but a number of them absent for

6. Believe it or not, there’s no such thing as standard English. 信不信由你,没有标准英语。 1) believe it or not 信不信由你。 在句中作插入语。Believe it or not 这句口语用在说话者要告诉对方一件事, 但这件事连说话者自己都觉得难以置信,所以在告诉对这件事之前,先加一句 believe it or not. Believe it or not, I won the lottery. 信不信由你,我中了六合彩。 [拓展]常见的插入语还有:generally speaking 一般说来;judging from 从?? 来判断;to be frank 坦白说;to tell (you)the truth 老实说;to be honest 说实在 的;to be exact 确切地说等。 2) no such thing 没有这样的事情。 such 与 all, no ,some, any, few, little, many, much, several, one 等词连用时,应 位于它们的后面。 many such books 许多这样的书。 several such students 几个这样的学生。 no such man 没有这样的人 注意:不可说 no such a thing, no such a man. [迁移训练] (2001.上海)As I know, there is A. no such B.no a A car in this neighborhood. D. no such a

C. not such

7.So by the 1600’s Shakespeare was able to make use of a wider vocabulary than ever before. 分析:在 use 前面加 full ,good, better, best 等修饰词。 make good use of 好好利用 make full use of 充分利用 make the best use of 最好地利用
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