第 19 课时 九年级 Units 9～10
1．(2018·安徽明光二模)Stephen Hawking, who has died at the age of 76, was not only one of the
greatest scientists but also showed the
of the human spirit to rise above(克服) serious
your hat when raising the national flag.
3．(2018·山东青岛市北二模)—All the clerks went home
—Because he had to finish his work.
4．(2019·预测)Kelly and Sandy are good friends. They share everything with each other—happiness
the time you spend together with your friends.
6．(2018·湖北恩施利川模拟改编)My favorite actor is Jackie Chan
is from China.
7．(2019·预测)In France you shouldn't put bread on the table. You
put it on the plate.
B．are supposed to
C．would like to
8．(2018·江苏无锡滨湖一模)You should go to see him since he is so seriously ill.
is your brother.
B．First of all
9．(2018·山东东营中考)—The government is trying to protect the environment now.
—Yeah. It is reported that some factories will be
10．(2018·安徽桐城四模)The bag my mother bought for me
gets out of style, but it is still
the best thing in my mind.
(2018·安徽中考)As a foreigner, it's hard for me to tell what Chinese people are like. But my
1 in Beijing said something.
A couple of weeks ago, I went to buy four big suitcases for travel. 2 I was going down the
street, it suddenly rained, heavily. A stranger called me into his little shop. He 3 me a cup
of tea and a chair. When the rain got 4 I thanked him and rushed to a 5 nearby to buy my
If you've ever tried to push four big suitcases by yourself, you may understand my 6 . I
looked silly, for the suitcases were dancing wildly across the floor. Then I got a 7 on the
shoulder. It was the seller. He signed that I should wait. A few minutes later, he 8 in a car,
and put the suitcases inside. Then we went driving 9 along the road to my home. I offered him
some money, but he 10 . In broken English he said, “Feel good ... help you.”
Now, you can see Chinese people are always ready to help you.
(2016·河北中考)In the eyes of many foreigners, Chinese are the best hosts(主人) and the worst
guests in the world. They're not really bad guests, but because the guest?host relationship in China
is much more different than in some western countries, it appears they are not nice guests. And
western hosts sometimes look rude(粗鲁的) in the eyes of Chinese guests.
In China, guests are almost like gods. Whenever I enter a Chinese person's home, there is always
fruit on the table for me, and someone is quick to bring me a cup of tea or water. In the west,
generally the guest is not a god. Acting according to the host's way of doing things is usual behavior
for a guest.
My wife's mother, a very kind elderly Chinese lady, doesn't smoke. When I see some of her guests
smoking in her house, as a non?smoker, I feel unhappy. Usually I want to stop them directly, but
I must realize that in China, to be a good host, she must not do that. In most North America homes,
if you are a guest, and the hosts are not smokers, you should not smoke in their house. At the very
least, you could ask, “Is it OK if I smoke？” But, don't be surprised if they say, “No, you can't
smoke.” In our culture, if you smoke in their home, you are a bad guest, but if they don't allow
you to smoke in their house, they are not a rude host.
Guests in China also have special habits. Some western people may not adapt to these habits
very soon. Thankfully my wife is Chinese, so whenever we visit a Chinese family she tells me to
buy them a gift. However, giving a gift to a host is not always necessary in my country. So, if
you invite international guests to your house, don't be too surprised if they don't bring you a
In China, you probably won't need to change the guest?host relationship very much because you
will probably only be the host, and Chinese are naturally very good hosts. If western hosts invite
you to their house, try not to be too surprised if their style of treating you is not what you have
1．Many foreigners think that Chinese hosts are the
in the world.
2．When a western guest visits a Chinese family, he often
A．buys some fruit
B．feels like a god
C．wants some gifts
D．takes a cup of tea
3．If the writer's guests want to smoke in his house, what will he probably say?
A．It's OK if you smoke here.
B．Let's smoke together.
C．Sorry, you can't smoke here.
D．Smoking is a bad habit.
4．What is the meaning of the underlined phrase “adapt to” in the passage?
A．Think back to.
B．Get used to.
C．Look forward to.
D．Keep close to.
5．What is the main idea of this passage?
A．Foreigners should learn from Chinese.
B．Hosts must do things in the guest's way.
C．Western hosts are always nice to guests.
D．People should understand cultural differences.
阅读短文，并按要求完成 1～5 题。
(2019·预测)We know music is very important in our daily life. Today most stores, stations,
restaurants and other places play music. Do you notice music played at any of those places when
you go somewhere? You might even hear music on a farm or in an office.
Scientists believe that music influences the way people behave. They think that the sound of
western classical music makes people feel richer. When a restaurant plays classical music, people
would spend more money on food and drinks. When the restaurant plays modern music, people would
spend less money. Without music, people would spend even less.
Scientists also believe that loud and fast music makes people eat faster. Some restaurants play
fast music during their busy hours. This makes people eat faster and leave quickly. Restaurants
can make more money in this way.
Some scientists think that music makes you think and learn better. They say that music helps
students to be more active. It is true that people learn better when they are relaxed.
And listening to music can help you relax.
The next time you hear music somewhere, be careful. It might influence the way you do things.
1、2 题完成句子；3 题简略回答问题：4 题找出并写下第二段的主题句：5 题将文中画线句子译成汉语。
1．You may hear music not only
but also in an office.
2．Scientists believe that the sound of
makes people feel richer.
3．What kind of music do scientists believe makes people eat faster?
exchange student, I must admit(承认) that at first America 2.
(be) a big culture shock for me.
I stayed with a host family in a small town. My host parents organized a lot of 3.
(activity) in my spare time so that I wouldn't miss home or feel lonely.
My main problem was the 4.l
. I failed to understand much in the first few weeks 5.b
everyone spoke so 6.
(different) was the food. My host
family always had bread, potatoes and salad 8.
meals. I really missed the dumplings, rice
and delicious dishes from home.
School was a big shock too. Students are not 9.
(require) to wear uniforms, so students
can wear almost whatever they like. Some students have strange hairstyles(发型) as well. Some
have pink or purple hair!
1．(2019·预测)is, seeing, this movie, worth
2．(2019·改编)will, we, go to, when, the park
3．(2019·改编)is, for, smoking, your, health, bad
4．(2019·预测)take, don't, forget to, notebook, your
5．(2019·原创)Miss Liu, on the bus, we, to, meet, happened
(2019·改编)假如你是王雪，你的美国笔友 Cindy 将要来中国，她发来电子邮件说想了解中国的一些
提示：(1)We should shake hands with others at the first time.
(2)We aren't allowed to point at the others. (3)We should get to the party on time. 要求：(1)短文须包括所有提示内容，可适当发挥； (2)短文中不要出现真实的地名、校名和人名； (3)词数 80 个左右(开头和结尾已给出，不计入总词数)。 Dear Cindy，
Yours， Wang Xue
参考答案 Ⅰ.1～5 CAACB 6～10 ABDBA Ⅱ.1～5 DBDBA 6～10 CDBAC Ⅲ.1～5 ABCBD Ⅳ.1.on a farm 2．western classical music 3．Loud and fast music. 4．Scientists believe that music influences the way people behave. 5．事实是当人们放松的时候能够学得更好。 Ⅴ.1.an 2.was 3.activities 4.language 5.because 6．quickly 7.difference 8.for 9.required 10.even Ⅵ.1.This movie is worth seeing 2．When will we go to the park 3．Smoking is bad for your health 4．Don't forget to take your notebook 5．We happened to meet Miss Liu on the bus Ⅶ.Dear Cindy，
I'm glad to know that you are coming to China. China is a country with a long history, so there are many customs here. Let me tell you some of them.
Firstly, you are supposed to shake hands when you meet someone for the first time. Secondly, when you eat dinner with other people, it's rude to point at others with your chopsticks. And don't make any noise when you have your soup. Besides, if you are going to a party, you are supposed to arrive at the party on time, or a few minutes early. You are not supposed to give a clock or a watch to a friend as a present, because that means “death” in Chinese.
I hope that these tips are useful. Have a good time in China! Best wishes!
Yours， Wang Xue