甘肃兰州一中 2013—2014 学年度下学期期末考试
说明：本试卷分选择题和非选择题两部分，满分 100 分，考试时间 100 分钟。答案写在答题卡上， 交卷时只交答题卡。 一．单项选择（每题 1 分，共 15 分） 1. In the eyes of _____ local people, the young soldier is _____ second to none, for he managed to save _____ old lady at the risk of his life. A. /; /; the B. the; the; the C. the; /; an D. /; a; an 2. By the time you have finished this book, your meal ____ cold. A. gets B. has got C. will get D. is getting 3. The origin of Chinese culture ____ more than 5,000 years ago. A. is dated back to B. dates back to C. is dated from D. dates back 4. Studying Wendy’s menu, I found that many of the items are similar to ____ of McDonald’s. A. ones B. those C. any D. that 5. Nobody but doctors or nurses and those____ by Dr.Hu ____ to enter the patient’s room. A. invited; is allowed B. are invited; are allowed C. being invited; allowed D. invited; are allowed 6. It was the training ____ he had as a young man ____ made him such a good engineer. A. what; that B. which; that C. that; which D. that; what 7. As he works in a remote area, he visits his parents only ____. A. occasionally B. anxiously C. practically D. urgently 8. All flights ____ because of the snowstorm, many passengers could do nothing but take the train. A. had been canceled B. have been canceled C. having been canceled D. being canceled 9. — Don’t worry, Mum. The doctor said it was only the flu. —____! I’ll tell Dad there’s nothing serious. A. What a relief B. Congratulations C. How surprising D. I’m so sorry 10. The success of a government should be measured ______ the happiness of the people as well as the development of economy. A. in face of B. in place of C. in terms of D. in honor of 11. Gorge came into the interview room and sat down at the desk, ____ to answer questions. A. preparing B. prepared C. prepare D. to prepare 12. Without the ____ of my friends, how could my company have lived through the hard times. A. admiration B. assistance C. admission D. achievement 13. Wind power is an ancient source of energy ____we may return in the near future. A. on which B. by which C. to which D. from which
14. How long do you think ____ he publishes his new work? A. will it be until B. it will be before C. will it be when D. it will be that 15. But for the fact that China ______ also affected by the global economic crisis, we ______ fewer unemployed workers now. A. is; would have B. were; would have C. was; would have had D. is; would have had 二．完形填空（每题 1 分，共 20 分） Are you carrying too much on your back at school? Lots of kids at the same age as you are. Not only are students in China 16 from this problem, but kids in the United States are 17 fed up with heavy school bags. Experts are starting to 18 that more and more young students are having back and neck problems as a result of school bags 19 too heavy for them. ―It’s hard for me to get up the 20 with my bag because it’s so heavy,‖ said Rich Hammond, 21 11-year-old student in the US. Rich is among the students who have _22 backpacks with two straps(带子) to carry them, 23 a number of other students choose rolling backpacks. But even with rolling backpacks, 24 up stairs and buses with them is 25 a problem for kids. Many of them have hurt their knees, backs or necks because of heavy school bags. But how much is too 26 ? Experts say students should carry 27 more than 10 to 15 percent of their own body weight. Scott Bautch, a Wisconsin 28 doctor, said kids under 4th grade should 29 with 10 percent. But it’s also important that older kids don’t go 30 15 percent, because their bones are still growing. Bautch explained that there are other injuries caused by backpacks. ―Kids are 31 their balance and falling down with these backpacks,‖ he said. Parents and teachers are starting to tell the kids to only take 32 library books they will be reading that night. Some teachers are using worksheets or 33 workbooks for students to take home. One of the best answers is, as some 34 themselves suggested, to have no homework 35 ! 16. A. meeting B. facing C. experiencing D. suffering 17. A. already B. always C. yet D. also 18. A. explain B. say C. worry D. announce 19. A. being B. be C. are D. is 20. A. schools B. stairs C. houses D. homes 21. A. this B. that C. a D. an 22. A. special B. unusual C. common D. strange 23. A. when B. but C. then D. and 24. A. getting B. climbing C. going D. turning 25.A. only B. still C. even D. just 26.A. more B. very C. much D. many 27.A. no B. too C. any D. much 28.A. children B. student C. bag D. back 29.A. carry B. stay C. take D. bring 30.A. about B. under C. beyond D. before 31.A. keeping B. missing C. losing D. making
32.A. home B. class 33.A. valuable B. thin 34.A. reports B. teachers 35.A. at all B. after all 三．阅读理解(共 20 分，每题 2 分)
C. school C. important C. parents C. in all
D. city D. interesting D. kids D. for all
A Los Angeles: Love for Mom is necessary, but buying flowers on her big day may not be. A slump in flower sales since late last year was likely to continue through Mother’s Day, another example of Americans cutting back on spending due to recession fears, which is a period of reduced trade and business activity, and increasing food and gasoline prices. ―If you look at what has happened on Valentine’s Day and Christmas, the market for flowers has cooled,‖ said Eric Beder, an analyst at Brean Murray. ―Growth has slowed in the past two quarters. Mother’s Day will probably be a slow quarter, too.‖ US floral sales for Mother’s Day, celebrated yesterday, will fall thirteen percent this year to $2 billion, with consumers spending an average of $17.65, according to the National Federation estimates. Mother’s Day, which accounts for a one-quarter of annual holiday purchases, according to the Society of American Florists, is traditionally the day when flowers are delivered to the doorsteps of many mothers. But this year, the shop-owners are concerned. Gabriel Soto, who owns a flower shop beneath an office high-rise in the Los financial district, is expecting lower sales — and has ordered 30 percent fewer flowers than normal this Mother’s Day. Last month, Soto, who also operates website downtown-flowers.net, closed another store in a nearby building that was headquarters to a mortgage company. After workers lost their jobs due to the housing crisis, orders decreased. 36. The underlined word ―slump‖ in Para. 2 probably means_______. A. sharp decrease in price B. great fear for losing jobs C. global worry of floral stores D. sudden fall by a large amount. 37. According to the author, Mother’s Day should be an occasion of_______ . A. a large family get-together B. a big annual holiday purchase C. a great love showed to mothers D. a celebration among Americans 38. This passage implies that Americans have ________ . A. met financial problems recently B. no longer bought flowers for mothers C. delivered flowers to every house for mothers D. cut back on spending because of having lost jobs B Many university accommodation offices have their own list of registered landlords (房东). Others also provide information on accommodation agencies and other housing organization. The advantage of using your university accommodation is that you can get support if you have a problem. The disadvantage is that they are unlikely to have enough registered landlords to house all their students. Property papers: Loot and Renting Loot is an important source (来源) of information about private housing for co-renters. The offers are from private landlords, agencies and individuals looking for other co-renters. They also have a website:
www.loot.com. The advantage of using Loot is that there is some economical private housing. The disadvantage is that there is no quality control over the offers. Renting is another useful paper. The offers in this paper are mainly from accommodation agencies. Their website is www. renting. couk. Accommodation agencies The majority of rented accommodation in London is probably advertised through accommodation agencies. The advantage of using accommodation agencies is that you will have access to a large number of accommodations. If you are lucky to find a good one, he/ she will listen to your requirements and can save your time in looking for the right accommodation. The disadvantage is that they will make a range of charges to potential renters. Noticeboards Around the universities you will find a number of noticeboards where offers of accommodation will be posted. These will either be from landlords or from students. Some universities will also have online noticeboards where students can advertise to other students. Advertisements from students can be an excellent way to find accommodation. However, advertisements from landlords can be problematic. Word of mouth Some of the best housing in London is never advertised but is passed on from one group of students to another by word of mouth. It might be that you can find out about good offers from final year students. However, don't suppose that just because you have found out about housing from a friend it is necessarily going to be better than that found through any other source. Family Faced with the very high rents charged in London, some students and their parents will consider buying as an alternative. In some cases this might be a good choice. 39. What is the advantage of using Loot? A. It has more offers from accommodation agencies than Renting. B. It gives you personal information about other co-renters. C. Their website is designed mainly for students. D. There are some good bargains. 40. A good agent can help you_______. A. know more people B. find cheap accommodation C. get the right accommodation quickly D. get free information about most accommodations 41.The information passed on by word of mouth is important because_________. A. it is better than that found through any other source B. it helps you find some of the best housing never advertised C. the final year students always offer better information D. the landlords have little valuable information C They wear the latest fashions with the most up-to-date accessories（配饰）. Yet these are not girls in their teens or twenties but women in their sixties and seventies. A generation which would once only wear
old-fashioned clothes is now favoring the same high street looks worn by those half their age. Professor Julia Twiggy, a social policy expert, said, ―Women over 75 are now shopping for clothes more frequently than they did when they were young in the 1960s. In the 1960s buying a coat for a woman was a serious matter. It was an expensive item that they would purchase only every three or four years — now you can pick one up at the supermarket whenever you wish to. Fashion is a lot cheaper and people get tired of things more quickly.‖ Professor Twiggy analyzed family expending data and found that while the percentage of spending on clothes and shoes by women had stayed around the same — about 5 or 6 percent of spending — the amount of clothes bought had risen sharply. The professor said, ―Clothes are now 70 percent cheaper than they were in the 1960s because of the huge expansion of production in the Far East. In the 1960s Leeds was the heart of the British fashion industry and that was where most of the clothes came from, but now almost all of our clothes are sourced elsewhere. Everyone is buying more clothes but in general we are not spending more money on them.‖ Fashion designer Angela Barnard, who runs her own fashion business in London, said older women were much more affected by celebrity style than in previous years. She said, "When people see stars such as Judi Dench and Helen Mirren looking attractive and fashionable in their sixties, they want to follow them. Older women are much more aware of celebrities. There's also the boom in TV programmers showing people how they can change their look, and many of my older customers do yoga to stay in shape well in their fifties. When I started my business a few years ago, my older customers tended to be very rich, but now they are what I would call ordinary women. My own mother is 61 and she wears the latest fashions in a way she would never have done ten years ago. " 42. Professor Twiggy found that, compared with the 1960s, ____________________. A. people spend 30% less than they did on clothes B. the spending on clothes has increased by 5% or 6% C. the price of clothes has generally fallen by 70% D. the amount of clothes bought has risen by 5% or 6% 43. It can be concluded that old women tend to wear the latest fashions today mainly because ____. A. they get tired of themselves more quickly B. TV shows teach them how to stay in shape C. they feel much younger now D. clothes are much cheaper than before 44. What can we learn about old women in terms of fashion? A. They are often ignored by fashion designers. B. They are now more easily influenced by stars. C. They are regarded as pioneers in the latest fashion. D. They are more interested in clothes because of their old age. 45. Which is the best possible title of the passage? A. Age Is No Barrier for Fashion Fans. B. The More Fashionable, the Less Expensive. C. Unexpected changes in Fashion. D. Boom of the British Fashion Industry. 四．七选五 (共 10 分，每题 2 分) 46 One of the best things you can possibly do is to start you own club. It’s great fun especially if
you are the sort of person who feels there’s never anything to do during the school holidays. The first thing you need to come up with is an idea for your club. 47 Pets, clothes, pop music or dancing groups, sports, making things? The list is endless. Next you need some friends to be in your club with you. 48 All you need is three or four other people who are interested in the same thing as you. 49 You should all sit down somewhere together with lots of pieces of paper and write down every name you can think up. That’ll keep you busy for ages. At your first meeting you should make up a rule book. And the first rule should be no grown-ups or little/big brothers or sisters! The best clubs are always secret! Now you have just about everything you need, except membership cards. These are very important and again you can spend a lot of time making them. 50 Why not leave some space for a photo of yourself? That will make the membership card really look like it. So there you are, get clubbing! Once you get started you’ll think of loads of more interesting things to do! A. That’s easy． B. Enjoy your own club! C. Invite a designer to join you． D. What are you interested in? E. Some vacation is just around the corner． F. Then you need to pick a name for your club． G. Use a bright thick pen to make a special design． 五．语法填空. (10 分) Jonny: Hey! I'm just practicing Tai Chi. Would you like to join me? Peter: I know nothing about it. Is it difficult? Jonny: It seems easy, but you need a lot of practice. You just follow me like this. Peter: OK. Don't laugh 51 me. I may look funny. Jonny: Bend your knees slightly and reach out your arms like tree branches, naturally and 52 (soft). Try to keep your body straight. Move slowly, then be sure to keep your balance and don't let your body shake. Peter: I cannot control my body well. My legs become 53 (pain) Jonny: Keep 54 (hold) your position for a while. It helps develop your strength and flexibility .Raise your leg and let 55 stay in the air for seconds. Peter: I feel my legs shaking. I cannot do this any longer. Jonny: Be patient! Tai Chi 56 (call)―shadow boxing" in English. It asks you to act like water: to be flexible as well 57 strong. In real competition, a Tai Chi master borrows the strength of the competitor and uses this energy to fight back. The 58 (hard) you try to beat him, the more likely you will get hit. He controls you! Peter: Unbelievable! Oh..., 59 you don't mind, I'll stop and take a deep 60 .
六．单词拼写(共 5 分，每题 0.5 分) 答案写在答题卡上!
61. A large ____ (比率) of school books now have pictures. 62. He _____ （插入）the key in the lock but could not open the door. 63. The scientists made a new ____（突破）in cancer research. 64. You are b______ to succeed if you don’t lose heart. 65. The secretary a____ (突然的) left the conference room. 66. While she was in Paris, she a_____ (交往)with many well –known artists. 67. She knew that society would c_____ her for abandoning her children. 68. We have a____ money for the journey. 69. His university was aware of the s_____(重要性) of his work. 70. They continued to work r_____ of the fact that it was raining. 七．短文改错： （共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 10 分）答案写在答题卡上! 下面短文中有 10 处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧） ，并在该漏字符号下写上该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（ \ ）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该横线下写上修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 八.书面表达 (10 分) 人们外出工作的方式通常有两种：独立完成和合作完成。两种方式各有特点。请你以 ―working individually or working in a team‖为题，根据以下三点写一篇作文。 1. 独立完成：自行安排，自己解决问题 2. 合作完成：一起讨论，相互学习 3.我喜欢的方式和理由。
一、单选：1—5 CCBBA 6—10 BACAC 11—15 BBCBA 二、完形填空：16--20 DDCAB 21--25 DCBAB 26--30 CADBC 31--35CABDA 三、阅读理解 36—38 DCA 39—41 DCB 42—45 CDBA 四、七选五： 46—50 EDAFG 五、语法填空：51.at 52.safely 53.painful 54.holding 55. it 56. is called 57.as 58.harder 59.if 60.breath 六、单词拼写 61.percentage 62.inserted 63.breakthrough 64. bound 65.abrubtly 66. associated 67.condemn 68.ample 69.significance 70.regardless while 改为 when, hurted 改为 hurt nothing 后加 had walk 改为 walking, 去 but the 改为 a, on 改为 in, am 改为 was other 改为 others，him 改为 them
七、短文改错：第一行 第二行 第三行 第四行 第五行