字母 A 1、他在朋友最需要的时刻背信弃义地抛弃了他们。(abandon) He faithlessly abandoned his friends in their moment of need. 2、我正要离校，天开始下大雨。(about) I was about to leave my school when it began to rain heavily / pour. 3、经理不在的时候由我负责。（absence） In the absence of the manager, I shall be in charge. 4、昨天，他因为生病而缺席了会议。(absent) He was absent from the meeting because of illness yesterday. 5、温度越高，空气能吸收的水蒸气就越多。(absorb) The higher the temperature (is), the more vapour the air can absorb. 6、女儿全神贯注地看卡通，压根儿没听见我对她说的话。(absorb) My daughter was absorbed in her cartoon so that she didn’t hear what I was saying to her at all. / My daughter was so absorbed in …that … 7、我们坚信这个高科技产品总有一天会被接受，因为事实胜于雄辩。(accept) We firmly believe that this hi-tech product will be accepted one day because facts speak louder than words. 8、每个农村的孩子现在都享有受教育的机会。(access) Now / Nowadays every child in the countryside has access to education. 9、游客只有坐小船才能去那个岛屿。（accessible） The island is accessible to tourists only by boat. 10、我今天很荣幸能陪你参观名胜。(accompany) It’s my pleasure to accompany you on a tour of the scenic spot/ place of interest. 11、虚度年华的人终将一事无成。 ( accomplish ) Whoever has wasted his life will eventually accomplish nothing. 12、他的人生经历可以说明他为什么如此乐于助人。 ( account ) His experiences in his life can account for the reason why he is ready to help others. 13、非法下载仍然占全世界音乐下载的 95%。(account v) Illegal downloads still account for 95 percent of music downloads worldwide. 14、在挑选教师的时候，校长常考虑他的教育背景，经验，能力等等。( take …into account ) When choosing a teacher, the principal often takes into account his educational background, experience, ability, etc. 15、他们指控公司未能保护好公众的利益。(accuse) They accused the company of failing to safeguard / protect the interests of the public. / not protecting / safeguarding … 16、进入高中以来，许多同学已经习惯于天天学习到深夜。(accustom) Many students have been accustomed to studying until far into the night since they entered senior high school. 17、我们希望在年底前实现我们的目标。(achieve) We hope to achieve our aims by the end of the year. 18、没有远大目标的人终将一事无成。(achieve) He who doesn’t have a great goal will not achieve anything. 19、这个药会对病人产生作用吗？(act) Will the medicine act on / upon the patient?
20、她按照我们的建议做了。（act） She acted on / upon our suggestion. 21、我们必须立即采取行动来制止这场战争。(action) We must take action at once / immediately to stop the war. 22、我认为新来的南方人应该适应北方的气候。(adapt) I think new southerners should adapt themselves to the climate of the north. 23、各色阳伞给夏日街头平添了活泼的气氛。(add) Colourful umbrellas add to a lively atmosphere in the summer streets. 24、他收集的邮票加起来总共有 5000 张。(add) The stamps that he has collected add up to 5000. 25、除了书面考试以外，你还得进行英语口试。(addition) In addition to a written exam, you will be tested on your spoken English. 26、我从心底里佩服他的技术和他对他人的关爱。(admire) I admire him from the bottom of my heart for his skills and his care for others. 27、那个男孩承认是他打碎了玻璃窗。(admit) The boy admitted that it was he who/ that had broken the window. 28、只有政府官员和新闻记者准许进入开幕式。(admit) Only government officials and news reporters were admitted to the opening ceremony. 29、经过一场激烈的讨论，他那深思熟虑的计划终于被采纳了。(adopt) After a heated discussion, his considered plan was finally adopted. 30 、到 1964 年底，科学技术有了极大发展，终于使电子计算机在生活中成为现实。 (advance v. ) By the end of 1946, technology had advanced so greatly as to make the electronic computer a reality of life. 31、如果你乘飞机出国，必须提前两个小时到达机场。 ( advance ) If you go abroad by plane, you should arrive at the airport at least two hours in advance. 32、那些赌徒利用了孩子们的年幼无知。(advantage) Those gamblers took advantage of the children’s youth and ignorance. 33、因为他精通英语，所以在求职面试时他比他人有优势。(advantage) He has an advantage over others in the job interview because he has a good command of English. 34、老师将被要求给我们的计划提些建议。（advice） The teacher will be asked to give us some advice on our plan. 35、汽油价格的持续上扬影响了世界经济发展的速度。(affect) The continuous rise of oil prices / The rising oil prices has / have affected the developing speed / the speed of the development of the world economy. 36、世界上没有哪一个国家，无论其多么富有，能承担起浪费人才的后果。 ( afford ) No country in the world, however rich it may be, can afford the waste of human resources. 37、由于数码相机的价格不断下降，许多家庭能够买得起了。(afford) As the price of a digital camera is going down, many families can afford one. / afford to buy one. 38、她不敢告诉她爸爸测试成绩，因为怕被他骂。(afraid) She dared not/ didn’t dare to tell her father her test score, for she was afraid of being scolded. 39、警方在追捕这个罪犯。(after) The police are after the criminal. 40、我照你的命令做，但这是违背我的意志的。(against)
I will do what you order me to, but it is against my (own) will. 41、你的文章首尾不呼应。结尾要么重写，要么删掉。(agree) The beginning of your essay doesn’t agree with the end; either rewrite the end or delete it. 42、人们对这件事的意见不一致，这是很正常的。（agree） People don’t agree on / about it, which is quite normal. 43、他们原以为很快就能对去哪里旅游达成一致，结果发现众口难调。（agreement） The had thought / expected / expected to reach / arrive at an agreement on where to travel soon, only to find it was hard to please all. / They had … they could arrive at an agreement on where to travel soon, only to find it was hard to please all. 44、如果你从现在起比以往任何时候更努力工作，就能提前完成这项任务。 (ahead ) If you work harder than ever (before) from now on, you can accomplish the task ahead of time. 45、为了帮助雪灾的受害者，中国各地都进行了捐款活动。(aid) In aid of the victims of the snow storms, donations of money were made throughout China. 46、没有人来帮助他们，他们很失望。(aid) Nobody / No one came to their aid and they felt disappointed. 47、这些广告旨在吸引消费者购买商品。(aim) These advertisements aim at attracting / aim to attract customers to buy goods. / The aim of these advertisements is to … 48、这对双胞胎外貌很相像，但性格却完全不同。(alike) The twins look alike in appearance but are completely different in character. 49、别再责备他了，毕竟他还是个孩子。(all) Don’t blame him any longer. After all, he is still a child. 50、虽然他很有钱，但他并不幸福。（all） He is / was not happy for all his money. 51、每个学生都允许从学校图书馆借书，但一次只能借一本。(allow) Every student is allowed to borrow books from the school library, but only one at a time. 52、我别无选择，只得继续我的学业。(alternative) I have no alternative but to further my studies / pursue / go on with my studies. 53、作为一个球迷，父亲很赞赏他的儿子有着成为一个足球运动员的志向。(ambition) As a football fan, the father appreciated it that his son had the ambition to become a football player. 54、好好休息，你很快就会恢复的。(and) Have a good rest, and you will recover / get well soon. 55、我很生他的气，因为他让我等了。(angry) I was angry with him for keeping me waiting. 56、这本书我能再借两天吗？(another) Can I keep this book for another two days? 57、为了满足变化中的社会的需要，许多语言学校已经兴办起来。 ( answer v. ) More and more language schools have been set up to answer the needs of the changing society. 58、经理对顾客的问题不予回答。 ( answer n.) The manager made no answer to what the customer had asked. 59、孩子们放学后没有回家，我非常担心。（anxious） I was very anxious about the children when they didn’t come back home after school. 60、政府急切地要向每个人保证局势已得到控制，因而可以放心。(anxious)
The government was anxious to reassure everyone that the situation was under control. 61、测验一点也不容易。(anything) The test was anything but easy. 62、除了太大之外，它对我来说也太重。 ( apart from ) Apart from being too large, it is too heavy for me. 63、你能区别这两个意思相近的动词吗？(apart) Can you tell apart the two verbs which have similar meanings/ which are similar in meaning? 64、你该就刚才的所作所为向在场的人道歉。(apologize) You should apologize to the people present for what you have just done. 65、宁静的乡村生活对我很有吸引力。(appeal) The peaceful /quiet country life appeals to me very much. / really / strongly appeals to me. 66、警方呼吁证人挺身而出。(appeal) The police have appealed to the witnesses to come forward. 67、她看上去比实际年龄年轻许多。(appear) She appears much younger than she actually/ really is. 68、我们赢那个队的希望似乎不大。 ( appear ) There appears to be little hope of our beating their team. 69、不要吃任何会使你对晚饭失去胃口的东西。(appetite) Don’t eat anything that will make you lose your appetite for dinner/ supper. 70、他向这家公司提出申请，要求得到这个职位。(apply) He applied to the company for the post / position. 71、我们应该把在学校所学的东西应用到将来的工作中去。(apply) We should apply what we learn / have learned at school to our future work. 72、自从他被任命为经理以来，他在公司的发展方面起了重要作用。(appoint) Since he was appointed manager, he has played an important part / role in the development of the company. 73、在英国，看牙科医生前要事先打电话预约。 ( appointment ) If you want to see a dentist in England, you should phone to make an appointment beforehand. 74、如果你能帮我把这封信寄了，我将感激不尽。( appreciate) I would appreciate it very much if you could help me to post the letter. 75、我真的很感谢你主动帮忙，不过我相信我能自己想办法解决。(appreciate) I really appreciate your offering to help me, but I am sure I will be able to manage by myself. 76、那位著名学者是如此谦虚和平易近人，很快就使大家放松下来。(approach) Modest and easy to approach, the famous scholar soon made everyone feel at ease. / The famous scholar was so… that he soon … 77、儿童接近成年时，他们常常发现同父母在许多问题上想法不一致。(approach) As children approach adulthood, they often find that they think differently from their parents on a number of issues. 78、使我兴奋的是，我的奖学金申请批准了。(approve) To my excitement, my application for a scholarship has been approved. 79、我完全赞同他的观点，学习就像逆水行舟，不进则退。(approve) I entirely approve of his view that ( the process of ) learning is like sailing against the current: either you move forward or you fall behind. 80、让我们来辩论一下在这种坏天气里去游泳是否安全。 ( argue )
Let’s argue over whether it is safe to go swimming in such bad weather. 81、你是否可以为我安排见其中的一位领导？(arrange) Could you arrange for me to meet one of the leaders? 82、冬天来了，春天还会远吗？（arrive） If winter has arrived, can spring be far behind? 83、那个秘书带领我们参观了那家公司。（around） The secretary showed us around the company. 84、那个人因为抢劫银行而被逮捕了。(arrest) The man was / has been arrested for robbing a bank. 85、随着时间的流逝，他学会了怎样和各种不同的人相处。 ( As ) As time passed by, he gradually learned how to get along with various people. 86、你应当为你的行为而感到羞耻。（ashamed） You ought to be ashamed of your behaviour. 87、一般说来，在西方国家最好不要询问妇女的年龄和私人的事情。( ask ) Generally speaking, you’d better not ask about a woman’s age and private affairs in western countries. 88、每个学生每星期被要求写一篇作文，但如果他想多写一些也可以。(assign) Each student is assigned to write a composition every week, but he can write more if he wants to. 89、我认为他和这桩谋杀案无关。 ( associate ) I don’t think he is associated with the murder case. 90、人们总是把美丽的女子与天使联系在一起。(associate) People always associate beautiful ladies with angels. / Beautiful ladies are always associated with angels. 91、科学家认为总有一天人类会到月球上生活。(assume) Scientists assume that man will be able to live on the moon someday. 92、商家的保证让顾客确信他们的送货迅速。(assure) The shop’s guarantee assures customers of fast delivery. 93、大家让我相信，我做了一个明智的选择。(assure) I was assured that I had made a wise choice. 94、她几次三番要走，可是我们还是说服她留下了。 ( attempt n. ) She made several attempts to go / leave, but we succeeded in persuading / managed to persuade her to stay. 95、这场事故表明，许多学生仍然未对新交通法规给予足够的重视。 ( attention ) The accident shows that many students still don’t pay enough attention to the new traffic rules. 96、中国人和欧洲人对西方人的行为的态度不同。(attitude) The Chinese and the Europeans have different attitudes towards the Western behaviour. 97、上海正在急速发展，作为一个国际化大都市，它吸引了世界各地人们的注意。( attract ) Shanghai is developing at a fast pace. As a metropolis, it has drawn the attention of people all over the world. 98、像这样的书我们能在南京路新华书店买得到。(available) A book like this is available to us in Xinhua Bookstore on Nanjing Road. 99、Mary 在她学校里是个中等水平的学生，但她的老师告诉她，只要她愿意，她就可以成 为一个优等生。（average） Mary was an average student in her school, but her teacher told her that she would be able to
become a top student if she wanted to. 100、平均而言，他一天收到 5 封信。(average) On average, he receives five letters a day. 101、Phillip 把头转过去，尽力避免把烟吸进去。(avoid) Phillip turned his head, trying to avoid breathing / taking in the smoke. /Philip turned his head and tried to avoid absorbing the smoke. 102、居里夫人由于发现镭元素而获得 1903 年诺贝尔物理奖。(award) Madame Curie was awarded the 1903 Nobel Prize for Physics for her discovery of the element radium. 103、我充分意识到，只有现在努力才能将来实现理想。(aware) I am fully aware that only by working hard now can I make my dream come true in the near future. / can I realize my dream …. 字母 B 1、令我们担忧的是，他的健康在每况愈下。（bad） What worries us / makes us worried is that his health is going from bad to worse. 2、事故发生后，他被禁止驾车。(ban) After the accident, he was banned from driving. 3、因为有雾，我们几乎看不到房子前的大树。 ( barely ) We could barely see the trees in front of the house because of the fog. 4、我们和那个店主为这双皮鞋的价钱讨价还价了半天。 ( bargain v. ) We bargained with the shopkeeper over the price of this pair of shoes for a long time. 5、参观大英博物馆只要 3 英镑，真是太便宜了。 ( bargain n. ) A visit to the British Museum costs you 3 pounds, which is a real bargain. 6、这本书是根据真实故事写成的。（base） This book is based on a true story. 7、驾车者应该牢记的是酒后驾车十分危险。(bear) What drivers should bear in mind is that driving just after drinking is very dangerous. Drivers should bear in mind that driving after drinking is very dangerous. 8、所有国家都同意不攻击带有红十字标志的任何东西。（bear） All countries agree not to attack whatever bears the emblem of the Red Cross. 9、还有三年我们的数学老师要退休了。 ( before ) It will be three years before our math teacher retires. 10、不久他就收到了他父母的来信。(before) It was not long before he received a letter from his parents. 11、让我们用一首英文歌来开始我们的英语课。（begin） Let’s begin our English lesson with an English song. 12、他把信从头到尾读了一遍。(beginning) He read the letter from beginning to end. 13、在公共场所，你要收敛点。(behave) You should behave yourself in public ( places). 14、他决心从今以后加倍努力学习，这样他就不会掉队。(behind) He was determined to study even harder / double his efforts from then on so that he wouldn’t fall behind others.
15、宇宙是何时开始形成的？（being） When did the universe first come into being? 16、她坚信她儿子接受的教育能使他成为有用的人。(belief) She held a firm / strong belief that the education her son received would enable him to be a useful man. 17、他不顾其他人的不同意见，就是不相信班长的诚实。(believe) Regardless of others’ different opinions, he didn’t believe in the monitor’s honesty. 18、我们物理老师讲课总是生动有趣、清晰明了，学生们收益匪浅。(benefit) Our physics teacher always gives his lessons in a lively and clear way and his students greatly benefit from it. / , which greatly benefits his students. 19、他把所有的钱都用在赌马上。(bet) He spends all his money betting on horses. 20、她和我打 20 英镑的赌，说我戒不了烟。（bet） She bet me ￡20 that I wouldn’t be able to give up smoking. 21、不管到哪儿旅游，最好是入乡随俗。 ( better ) It is better to do as the Romans do wherever you travel. 22、她买不起那套衣服。（beyond） The price of the suit was beyond what she could pay. / beyond her / beyond her means. 23、他的优秀事迹远不止表扬的。(beyond) His good deeds are beyond praise. 24、他回来时发现人民广场已今非昔比。(beyond) When he came back, he found the People’s Square had changed beyond recognition. 25、上海的每一个市民都应该为 2010 年世博会尽自己的一份力。 ( bit ) Every citizen in Shanghai should do his bit for the EXPO 2010. 26、这孩子因为打碎了玻璃窗而受到了责备。(blame) The child was blamed for breaking the window. 27、依我看，你自己应该为这次实验的失败负责。(blame) In my opinion, you yourself are to blame for the failure in the experiment. 28、他把考试失败归咎于老师。(blame) He blamed his failure in the exam on his teacher. 29、他不得不面对他的眼睛已被弄瞎的事实。(blind) He had to face the fact that he was blinded. 30、如果你对自己的缺点视而不见，你就不会取得成功。（blind） If you are blind to your own faults, you will never gain / achieve success/ / you will never succeed. 31、他总是夸耀他的孩子有多么聪明。(boast) He is always boasting about how clever his child is. 32、他吹牛说他能流利地讲六种语言。（boast） He boasted that he could speak six languages fluently. 33、他不能提供儿子出国深造，因为他的收入只能维持生计。( body ) He can’t afford to send his son to study abroad, as his income is just enough to keep body and soul together. 34、那位著名歌星的音乐会一票难求，你最好提前预定两张票子。(book) Tickets for that famous singer’s concert are difficult to get, so you’d better book two tickets
beforehand / in advance. 35、人们似乎越来越多对歌唱比赛感到厌烦了。 ( bore ) People seem to get more and more bored with singing competitions. 36、他所做的一切使他的双亲很烦恼。（bother） What he has done bothers his parents very much. / What he did bothered his parents very much. 37、我从心底感谢他为我所做的一切。(bottom) I’m grateful to him for what he has done for me from the bottom of my heart. 38、据说在那个湖底发现了一个古城遗址。 ( bottom ) It is said that the site of an ancient city has been discovered at the bottom of the lake. 39、一个人在人生道路上一定会遇到很多困难和痛苦。 ( bound ) One is bound to meet with a lot of difficulties and suffering in life. 40、那天早上他起晚了，更糟糕的是，在上班路上，他的车坏了。(break) He got up late that morning. To make things / matters worse, his car broke down on his way to work. 41、当我爬到山顶时，我已经上气不接下气/气喘吁吁。（breath） I was out of breath when I got to the top of the mountain. 42、记住潜水时要屏住呼吸。(breath) Remember to hold your breath when you dive into the water. 43、那个经理因为受贿而被送进了监狱。（bribe n.） The manager was sent to prison / put into prison for taking / accepting bribes. 44、那些为别人带来幸福的人是世界上最幸福的人。(bring ) Those who bring happiness to others are the happiest in the world. 45、科学家说许多因素，比如说温室效应，造成了气候变化。(bring) Scientists say that many factors, such as the greenhouse effect / the global warming, bring about the changes in the climate. 46、政府需要减轻中等收入家庭的纳税负担。(burden n.) The government needs to reduce the tax burden on middle-class families. 47、听了这个笑话，大家不禁大笑起来。(burst v.) Hearing the joke, everybody burst into laughter/ burst out laughing. 48、他用双手掩着脸。 ( bury ) He buried his face in his hands. 49、这小贼无事可做，只在街上闲荡。(but) The thief had nothing to do but wander about on the street. 50、当大火扑灭后，剩下的只有烧焦的树木和动物。 ( but ) When the fire was put out, nothing remained / was left but burnt trees and animals. 51、要不是你的帮助，我是无法按时完成任务的。 ( but for ) But for your help, I couldn’t have finished the task on time. 字母 C 1、为了解决交通问题，政府号召我们每天乘公车或地铁上班。(call) To solve the traffic problems, the government calls on us to go to work by bus or by subway every day. 2、那匹马左眼瞎了，他们只好把它卖了。(cannot) The horse was blind in the left eye, so they could not but sell it.
3、在为病人验血型时，你要谨慎又谨慎。 ( can’t ) You can’t be too careful when doing a blood type test for a patient. 4、你认为像她那样的运动员在奥运会上会获得世界冠军吗？(capable) Do you think an athlete like her is capable of winning the world championship in the Olympics? 5、年轻人不能老是想到自己，要学会关心别人。 ( care ) Young people can’t always think of themselves, and must learn how to care for others. 6、他还没有决定将来从事什么职业。（career） He has not decided yet what career to follow in the future. 7、这项计划是否能顺利执行取决于各种情况，尤其是天气。(carry) Whether the plan can be carried out smoothly depends on many things, especially the weather. 8、你最好带一张地图，以免迷路。(case) You’d better take a map with you in case you (should) get lost. 9、Mary 很笨，而 Alice 的情况则完全不同。(case) Mary is very stupid, while it’s totally different in the case of Alice. 10、你是用现金还是信用卡付的？(cash) Did you pay in cash or by credit card? 11、警察抓住了小偷的手臂。（catch） The policeman caught the thief by the arm. 12、今天早晨去学校途中，我被交通阻塞困住了。(catch) I was caught in a traffic jam on my way to school this morning. 13、大多数的交通事故是由粗心引起的。（cause） Most traffic accidents are often caused by carelessness. 14、听说那场出人意料的大火造成了 200 多人失去了家。 ( cause ) It is said that the unexpected big fire caused more than 200 people to lose their homes. 15、大量的砍树和使用杀虫剂肯定会扰乱生态平衡。(certain) It is certain that cutting down a large number of trees and using insecticide will disturb the balance of nature. 16、他要求我跟他下棋。（challenge） He challenged me to chess / play chess with him. 17、我们质疑他是否有权这么做。(challenge) We challenged his right to do so. 18、她有可能把自己房间钥匙忘在办公室里了。(chance) There is a chance that she left / has left her keys to the room in the office. (The) Chances are that she has left her keys in her office. 19、--- 谁负责这项设计？(charge) --- 张博士，他刚从英国回来。 --- Who is in charge of this project? --- Dr. Zhang, who has just come back / returned from England. 20、一间双人房间你们收费多少？( charge v. ) How much do you charge for a double room? 21、他被指控抢劫。 ( charge ) He was charged with robbery. 22、嫦娥一号（Chang’e 1 Luner Probe）成功发射的消息让中国人民欢欣鼓舞。(cheer) The news that Chang’e I Luner Probe had been successfully launched cheered the Chinese people
up. 23、老师提醒我们择友要慎重。 ( choice ) Our teachers warn us that we should make a careful choice of friends. 24、和我原来预料想的相反，Rose 愿意接受我的关于她需要平衡的膳食的建议。 ( choose ) Contrary to what I had expected, Rose chose to accept my advice that she should need a well-balanced meal. 25、一个人要成功，就必须在任何情况下永不言弃，满怀信心。(circumstance) Anyone who wants to / is to succeed mustn’t give up in any circumstances and should always be full of confidence. / In /Under no circumstances can anyone give up and he should be full of confidence if he wants to succeed. 26、如果没有人认领这把伞，找到这把伞的人就把它保存起来。( claim ) If nobody claims the umbrella, anyone who found it will keep it. 27、他声称没有得到帮助而完成了这项艰巨的工作。( claim ) He claimed that he finished this work without any help./ to have finished the work … 28、这个著名电影明星宣称他将成为总统的候选人。(claim) The famous movie star claimed that he would be a candidate for presidential election. 29、为了澄清这女孩死亡之谜，警察正在仔细地收集现场每一个可能的线索。(clear) To clear up the mystery of the girl’s death, the police are carefully collecting every possible clue on the scene. 30、成本接近 100 万美圆。(close adj) The cost was close to 1 million dollars. 31、把你所学的知识与实践结合起来，这样你才会进步。(combine) Combine the knowledge you have learned with practice, and you will make progress. 32、谈到计算机，他是个专家，而我只是个初学者。（come） When it comes to computer, he is an expert, but /while I’m a beginner. 33、我那天逛马路时，在一家旧书店淘到一本好书。(come) When I was walking about streets the other day I came across a good book in a second-hand book-store. 34、那位年轻人逐渐认识到患难中的朋友才是真朋友。（come） The young man has come to realize that a friend in need is a friend indeed. 35、经过治疗，那位昏厥的病人一小时后苏醒了过来。(come) After being treated, the patient who had fainted came to (himself) after an hour. / an hour later 36、既然他是你的一位密友，那为什么再也不去他家了呢？（come） How come you no longer visit his family since he is a close friend of yours? 37、他精通法语。（command n. ） He has a good command of French. 38、他不愿意对她最近出版的小说作评论。(comment) He doesn’t wish / want to comment on the novel she recently published. / make some comments on her recently-published novel. 39、他们已是多年的好友，有很多共同之处。(common) They have been friends for years and have a lot in common. 40、跟大多数年轻人一样，他喜欢打篮球。(common) In common with most young people, he is fond of playing basketball. 41、学语言的主要目的是与人交流。我们通过语言告诉别人我们的想法。(communicate)
The purpose of learning a language is to communicate with others, and we can communicate our thoughts/ what we think to others in a certain language. 42、我想去钓鱼，能否陪我？(company) I’d like to go / feel like going fishing. Could you keep me company / keep company with me? 43、莎士比亚把世界比作一个舞台。( compare ) Shakespeare compared the world to a stage. 44、跟其他同学相比，那女孩有更棒的英语听说能力。(compare) Compared with other students, the girl has better listening and speaking abilities in English. 45、伦敦最高的建筑物和纽约的一比就矮了。(comparison) The tallest buildings in London are small in comparison with those in New York. 46、这两个女生为英语考试最高分而互相竞争。(compete) The two girl students competed with each other for the highest score on the English test. 47、许多市民向市长抱怨上下班时间交通堵塞。(complain) Many citizens complained to the mayor about / of the traffic jams in the rush hours. 48、Tom 老是抱怨薪水太少。( complaint) Tom is always making a complaint that he’s not properly paid. Tom is always complaining that he is not properly paid. 49、他很赞赏我的画。（compliment） He paid me a very charming compliment on my paintings. / He complimented me on my paintings. 50、由三位眼科专家组成的医疗小组负责总统的手术。(compose) A medical team composed of three eye specialists was in charge of the president’s operation. 51、当他在专心致志看书时，他对周围发生的事情全然不知。(concentrate) When he concentrates on his reading, he is not aware of what is happening around him. 52、作者不太关心人们对他这本新著的态度。(concern v. ) The writer is not much concerned about people’s attitude towards / to his new book. 53、就我而言，我们不能想当然地认为其他人应该帮助我们。 ( concern v. ) As far as I’m concerned, we shouldn’t take it for granted that others should help us/ offer us help. 54、全世界对于北京举行的 2008 年奥运会表现出极大的热情和关注。(concern n. ) The whole world showed a great passion and concern for the 2008 Olympic Games held in Beijing. 55、从他的话中我们得出结论：他不赞成这个计划。（conclude） We conclude from his words / what he has said that he is not for the plan. 56、经过多年研究，他们得出结论，认为地球正在变暖。(conclusion) After many years’ research, they reached / came to / arrived at / drew a conclusion that the earth is becoming warmer and warmer. 57、尽管这辆车我已经开了 10 年，但它状况依然不错。(condition) Although I have used the car for 10 ten years, it is still in good condition. 58、你可以借用我的字典，条件是你明天要还给我。(condition) You can borrow my dictionary on condition that you return it to me tomorrow. 59、使我们吃惊的是，他已承认自己卷入赌博。(confess) What surprised us was that he had confessed himself to being involved in the gambling./ confessed that he was involved … 60、你应该对自己的能力有充分的信心。(confidence )
You should have full confidence in your own ability. 61、他自信自己能进入理想的大学。(confident) He is confident that he will be able to enter an ideal university. 62、我母亲将证实我跟你说过的话。(confirm) My mother will confirm what I have told you. 63、上了公共汽车之后，小偷看了一下以确定没人注意他。(confirm) After getting on the bus, the thief looked around to confirm that nobody noticed him / he didn’t get noticed. 64、他的个人意见经常导致他与老板发生冲突，这是他得不到提升的原因。(conflict) His personal opinions frequently caused him to conflict with / to be in conflict with his boss, which was why he couldn’t get a promotion. 65、我们计划访问校长，并祝贺他 60 岁的生日。 ( congratulate ) We plan to visit our headmaster and congratulate him on his sixtieth birthday. 66、警察的来访与丢失的孩子无关。( connect ) The visit of the police was not connected with the lost child. 67、他一点没有意识到电脑的重要性。（conscious） He is not conscious of the importance of the computer at all.. 68、童年被认为是一生中最好的阶段。(consider) One’s childhood is considered (to be) the best stage in one’s life. 69、我们正在考虑卖掉这幢房子。( consider) We are considering selling the house. 70、这篇报告未能考虑到股票市场的变化。(consideration) This report doesn’t take the changeable situation of the stock market into consideration. 71、这个代表团由全市所有的名记者组成。 ( consist ) The delegation consists of all the famous journalists. 72、你必须和父母商量一下再做决定。（consult） You must consult (with) your parents before you make the decision. 73、如果你对这个职位感兴趣，请你与这家公司的经理取得联系。(contact) If you are interested in the position, please contact / make contact with the manager of the company. 74、鱼中含有丰富的人体所需要的蛋白质。(contain) Fish contains much protein our body needs. 75、你能联系上下文猜出这个词的意思吗？（context） Can you guess the meaning of the word from the context? 76、引用我的话不要断章取义。（context） Don’t quote my words out of context. 77、他指责我玩忽职守，但这与事实大相径庭。(contrary) He accused me of neglecting my duty, which was contrary to the fact. 78、我劝他戒烟，相反地，他却一直不停地抽烟。(contrary) I advised him not to smoke / against smoking; on the contrary, he smoked his head off / heavily. 79、Mary 对流行音乐一点不感兴趣，但相比之下，我比她好得多。(contrast) Mary isn’t interested in pop music at all, but by contrast, I’m much better than her. 80、他的白发与他的深色皮肤形成鲜明对照。(contrast) His white hair was in sharp contrast to his dark skin.
81、抽烟加剧肺癌的发生。(contribute) Smoking contributes to lung cancer. 82、中央政府嘉奖了袁隆平教授，因为他为中国农业做出了巨大贡献。(contribution) The Chinese central government awarded / honoured Professor Yuan Longping for his great contributions to Chin’s agriculture. / because he had made great contributions to … 83、多亏了那个杰出的领导，那个国家的经济状况很快地得到了控制。 ( control ) Thanks to that outstanding leader, the economic situation in that country was soon brought under control. 84、如果方便的话，请你明天早上十点到这里来。(convenient) Please come here at ten o’clock if it is convenient to you. 85、所有这些信息可以通过简单的图表来传达。(convey) All this information can be conveyed in a simple chart. 86、我怎样才能使你相信她很诚实？(convince) How can I convince you of her honesty/ that she is honest? 87、如果队员之间不配合，他们就不可能战胜对手。(cooperate) If the team members do not cooperate with each other, they can’t beat their opponents. 88、工厂妥善处理了需求突然增加的问题。（cope） The factory coped very well with the sudden increase in demand. 89、短暂的犹豫使他失去了一次好机会。(cost v. ) A moment’s hesitation cost him a wonderful chance. 90、她成功地做了她想做的事情，但以其生命为代价。 ( cost n. ) She succeeded in doing what she wanted to at the cost of her life. 91、真正重要的不是你的言辞而是你的行动。 ( count v. ) It is not what you say but what you do that really counts. 92、在会议的过程中，许多著名的科学家作了有趣的发言。（course） In the course of the meeting, many famous scientists made interesting speeches. 93、假期里学生们到图书馆打工为的是赚到足够的钱付学费。 ( cover ) During the summer holiday, the students worked in the library so as to make enough money to cover the tuition. 94、我不明白为什么有数百万的人对 Harry Potter 这么着迷。(crazy) I don’t understand why millions of people are crazy about Harry Potter. 95、旅游观光业已经提供了多种多样的就业岗位。(create) The tourist industry has created a variety of jobs. 96、莎士比亚创造了许多喜剧人物。（create） Shakespeare created many comic characters. 97、他因为上班迟到受到了老板的批评。(criticize) He was criticized by his boss for being late for work. 98、海滩上挤满了渡假的人。（crowd） The beach was crowded with holidaymakers. 99、她希望她女儿能培养对音乐的品味。(cultivate) She expects her daughter to cultivate a taste for music. 100、新鲜空气和大量体育锻炼治愈了他的流感。(cure) Fresh air and a lot of physical exercise cured him of his flu. 101、我们一直对西方人在茶里放糖的做法感到好奇。（curious）
We have always been curious about the western people’s practice of adding sugar to tea. 102、有些喜欢显得时髦的女子，压缩其他开支花在买衣服上。(cut) Some girls, who like to appear fashionable, cut down on other expenses to spend on clothes. 字母 D 1、一种新的病毒可能会破坏电脑中储存的信息。 ( damage ) A new virus is likely to cause great damage to the information stored in the computer. 2、营救人员到达时，受害者已经脱离了危险。(danger) When the rescue workers arrived, the victims were already out of danger. 3、关于这件事情，公众完全蒙在鼓里。(dark) The public were in the dark about this matter. 4、有些展品可以追溯到三千年前。( date v. ) Some exhibits can date from 3000 years ago. 5、医生说怎样说服人们停止抽烟不是一个容易对付的问题。 ( deal ) The doctor says that how to persuade people to stop smoking is not an easy problem to deal with. 6、他们在为什么争论？（debate） What are they debating about/ on? 7、在你做最后的决定前，你得仔细考虑一下这件事情。(decision) You have to think it over before you make a / the final decision. 8、鸡蛋的价格下降了 10%。(decline) The price of eggs has declined / declined by ten percent. 9、随着路况的改善，今年交通事故的数量减少了。 ( decrease ) With the improvement of the road conditions, the number of traffic accidents has decreased this year. 10、他们俩一直谈到深夜，忘记了明天一早还要赶火车。（deep） They two talked deep into the night, forgetting they were going to catch the train early the next morning. 11、在一定程度上，谈话时词语的选择反映了人的内在素质。(degree) To a certain degree, the choice of words in talking reflects the inner quality of people. 12、在字典里，“人口”一词被定义为居住在某一国家或地区的人的数量。 ( define ) In the dictionary, the word “population” is defined as the number of people living in a certain country or area. 13、我原先希望能准时到达，但是因为大雾航班延误了。(delay) I had hoped to arrive on time, but the flight was delayed because of a heavy fog. 14、那个男孩每天早晨七点给我们送牛奶。（deliver） That little boy delivers milk to us at 7 every morning. 15、学校当局要求被告知这个教授每天发生的一切事情。(demand) The authorities in the school demanded to be told everything that happened to the professor every day. / The authorities in the school…demanded that they (should) be told … 16、没有人能否认台湾自古以来是中国一部分这个事实。(deny) No one can deny the fact that Taiwan has been a part of China since ancient times. 17、不可否认，电脑的发展已经导致其他领域的革命性变化。(deny) There is no denying (the fact) that the development of computers has led to the revolutionary
changes in other fields. 18、你能否将成功取决于你是否有信心克服种种困难。(depend) Whether you will succeed depends on whether you have confidence in / are confident of overcoming all kinds of / various kinds of difficulties. 19、存在这家银行里的钱需要时可以随时提取。(deposit) The money deposited in this bank is available anytime when needed. 20、在深冬，他回到了家乡。（depth） In the depths of winter, he got back to his hometown. 21、他无论走到哪里，都把自己描绘成一家大公司的 CEO 或总经理。(describe) He described himself as a CEO or the general manager of a big company wherever he went. 22、你能用自己的话来描绘整个事件吗？（describe） Can you describe the whole thing / event in your own words? 23、那些残疾运动员们值得我们尊敬，他们从不言弃。(deserve) Those disabled players/ athletes, who would never give in, deserve our respect / respecting / to be respected. 24、你那天提的建议值得进一步考虑。（deserve） The suggestion that you made / put forward the other day deserves further consideration / to be considered / considering further. 25、我只想一个人静静呆着。( desire v. ) I only desire to be alone quietly. 26、这位老人有强烈的愿望要把一大笔前捐献给希望工程。 (desire n. ) This old man has a strong desire to donate large sums of money to the Hope Project. 27、他如此渴望找到一份工作，以致于他什么都愿意干。 ( desperate ) He was so desperate to find / for a job that he would do anything. 28、历经磨难，他对人生依然十分积极，这令人肃然起敬。( Despite) Despite countless hardships, he remains positive about life, which is admirable. 29、为了帮助警察找到事故起因，Peter 详细描述了所看到的一切。(detail) In order to help the police find out the cause of the accident, Peter described what / all that he had seen in detail. 30、总而言之，收入和年龄是决定人们如何度假的两个重要因素。(determine) Generally speaking, income and age are two important factors that determine the way people spend their holidays. 31、这些医生决心致力于寻找一种医治肺癌的新发方法。(determine) These doctors are determined / determine to devote themselves to finding a new cure for lung cancer. 32、人们永远不会忘记那些为航天事业献身的科学家。(devote) People will never forget those scientists who (have) devoted their lives to the cause of space flight. 33、解放前很多人死于饥寒交迫。(die) Before liberation, many people died of cold and hunger. 34、你是否发现我们现在的购物习惯与二十年前完全不同了？ ( differ ) Have you found / Do you find that our habit of doing shopping completely differs from that of twenty years ago? 35、严格地说，这两个词在意义上是有很大区别的。（difference）
Strictly speaking, there is much difference between the two words in meaning. 36、无论你怎样决定对他都一样。(difference) Whatever you may decide to do / Whatever decision you make, it will make no difference to him. 37、你能看出这两张照片有什么不同吗？（different） Can you see anything different about the two photos? 38、这两件外套颜色不同。(different) These two coats are different in colour. 39、我的衣服的颜色与她衣服的颜色不同。（different） The colour of my coat is different from that of yours. 40、缺乏足够睡眠的人容易生气，也很难控制感情。(difficulty) People who don’t get enough sleep / lack enough sleep become angry easily and have difficulty (in) controlling their emotions / feelings. 41、那个可怜的女孩很难把情况向警察解释清楚。(difficulty) The poor girl had some difficulty (in) explaining the situation to the policeman. 42、下班后，他急急忙忙朝他儿子幼儿园方向走去。(direction) After work, he went in the direction of his son’s nursery in a hurry. 43、很可能你不赞成我所做的事情。(disapprove) Very likely you disapprove of what I have done. / It’s very likely that … 44、学生们在热烈讨论是否钱越多越幸福。 ( discussion ) The students are having a heated discussion about whether the more money you have, the happier you are. 45、每年春天，从世界各地来的鲜花会在我们植物园展出。(display n.) Every spring, the various flowers from all (the) corners of the world will be on display in our botanic garden. 46、这幅画放远点更好看。(distance) The picture looks more beautiful at a distance. 47、他看到远处有两匹马。（distance） He saw two horses in the distance. 48、大家都知道，他以当导演而出名。(distinguish) As is known to all, he is distinguished as a film director. 49、由于有太多的作业要做，她不知在假期中该怎样来安排自己。(do) As / Since she has too much homework to do, she doesn’t know what to do with herself in the vacation. 50、那位退休工人决定把他所积蓄的钱一半捐献给希望工程。(donate) The retired worker decided to donate half of the money which he had saved to the Hope Project. 51、毋庸质疑，积极投入社区活动有益于身心健康。(doubt) There is no doubt that taking an active part in community activities does good to one’s physical and mental health. 52、小李因高烧病倒了。(down) Xiao Li is down with a high fever. 53、疾病消耗了他的体力。（drain） His illness is a great drain on his strength. 54、只要从此事中吸取有益教训，我们就一定能出色完成任务。(draw) As/ So long as we draw useful lessons from the event / incident, we are sure / certain to fulfil /
accomplish the task beautifully / very well. 55、由于高考即将来临，我的父母建议我晚上不要看电视。 ( draw ) As the college entrance examination is drawing near, my parents suggest that I should not watch TV at night. 56、他一直梦想当一名演员，但他总是倒霉。(dream v. ) He has been dreaming of becoming an actor, but bad luck has always been with him. / but bad luck has always pursued him. 57、在他回家的路上，他顺便看望了他以前的老师。(drop) On his way back home, he dropped in on his former teacher. 58、这件工作没有准时完成不是因为他缺乏能力和才干。(due) That this work / job had not been done / completed / finished on time was not due to his lack of ability and talent. 字母 E 1、他渴望自己在事业上取得成功。(eager) He is eager for himself to succeed / be successful in his career. 2、他的成就博得了我们对他的尊敬和敬佩。（earn） His achievements earned him our respect and admiration. 3、我不知道他究竟为什么把这样紧急的文件在抽屉里放了一二个星期。(earth) I wonder/don’t know why on earth he (has) kept such an urgent document/paper in the drawer for a week or two/one or two weeks. 4、那位著名的科学家是那样谦虚、平易近人，很快就使大家放松下来。 ( ease ) Modest and easy to approach, the famous scientist soon put everyone completely at ease. 5、预计他们在竞选中能轻易获胜。(ease) They are expected to win the election with ease. 6、别紧张。确切地告诉我们发生了什么。（easy） Take it easy and tell us exactly what has happened. 7、他的病对他的学习没有什么影响。(effect) His illness had no effect on his studies. 8、该公司不遗余力地满足顾客的要求。(effort) The company spares no efforts to meet the demand of the customers. 9、人人为公益而担任志愿工作的传统成为美国社会的重要因素。(element) The tradition of working as volunteers for the common good has become an important element in American society. 10、在第四轮，他被淘汰出比赛。（eliminate） He was eliminated from the contest in the fourth round. 11、George 的作文比班上任何人的都要好。(else) George’s composition is better than anyone else’s in the class. 12、在生产过程中，工人们特别强调产品质量。(emphasis) In the course of production, the workers lay / place / put special emphasis on the quality of their products. 13、由于那位老师生病，学校聘用了一位兼任老师来代课。(employ) A part-time teacher was employed to replace the teacher who was ill. 14、她扎实的英语使她在面试中比别的学生略胜一筹。(enable)
Her good command of English enabled her to have an advantage over the other students in the interview. / Her good English enabled her to perform / do a little better than the other students in the interview. 15、要鼓励学生向老师提问。(encourage) Students should be encouraged to ask teachers questions / put questions to teachers. 16、令我不解的是为何多次试验均以失败告终。(end v. ) What puzzles me is why experiments have ended up in failure again and again. 17、开始似乎没有人喜欢这个笑话，但最后大家为此又喊又叫。(end v. ) At first no one / not a single person seemed to like this joke, but they all ended up laughing and shouting. 18、“学海无涯”这句话激励着我们发奋学习去探索未知的世界。（end n. ） The saying that there is no end to learning inspires me to study hard to explore the unknown world. 19、林肯为结束奴隶制做了很多工作。( end n. ) Lincoln did a lot of work to bring slavery to an end. 20、她几乎不能赚足够的钱使收支相抵。(end n.) She scarcely earns enough money to make ends meet. 21、她再也忍受不了他的粗鲁了。（endure） She can’t endure his rudeness any more. 22、她实在无法忍受看到有人虐待动物。（endure） She couldn’t endure seeing animals ( being ) treated cruelly. 23、他们正在谈话，没有看到老师走进了教室。 ( engage ) They were engaged in talking and didn’t notice the teacher come into the classroom. 24、如果你参与地方政治，就不能指望有很多时间照顾家庭。(engage) If you engage in local politics, you cannot expect to have much time for your family / to look after your family. 25、据报道，近年来，生态旅游每年在全世界有大约 5%的增长。 ( enjoy ) According to a report, ecotourism in recent years has enjoyed an annual growth of about 5% worldwide. 26、看报纸是扩大词汇量的有效方法之一。（enlarge） Reading newspapers is one of the effective ways to enlarge one’s vocabulary. / One of the effective ways to enlarge one’s vocabulary is reading / to read newspapers. 27、我国政府正努力设法使每个人看得起病。 ( ensure ) The government of our country is making every effort to ensure that everybody can afford to see a doctor. 28、这所夜校能确保学生在高考中取得高分. (ensure) This night school can ensure students high scores in the college entrance examination. 29、每当有贵宾来时，这些演员总是以歌舞招待他们。(entertain) Whenever distinguished guests come, the actors always entertain them with songs and dances. 30、我并不羡慕有钱人的财富，那会使他们忧虑。(envy) I do not envy the rich their wealth, which causes them anxiety. / causes them to be anxious. 31、大家都同意所有的雇员都将同工同酬。(equal) We all agree that there should be equal pay for equal work for all the employees. 32、我们常在装备有现代化视听设备的语音室上英语课。(equip)
We often have our English lessons in the language lab (which is ) equipped with modern audio-visual aids. 33、如果你在新加坡公共场所吐痰，就会被处以相当于 2000 元的罚款。(equivalent) If you spit in public (places) in Singapore, you will be fined the money equivalent to 2000yuan. 34、我的练习中有些误拼老师没有注意到。（escape） Some of my spelling mistakes in my exercises escaped the teacher’s attention. 35、没有一个人能逃脱惩罚，如果他犯了大错误。(escape) Nobody can escape being punished / punishment if he has made a serious mistake. 36、他们通过打碎窗户勉强从燃烧着的房子里逃了出来。 ( escape ) They managed to escape narrowly from burning house by breaking the window. 37、成千上万的来访者每年来到中国，特别是在旅游季节。（especially） Thousands of visitors came to China every year, especially in the tourist seasons. 38、努力是成功的关键。(essential) Hard work is essential to success. 39、对每个高中毕业生来说，准备高考是十分必要的。(essential) It is essential for every high school graduate to get prepared for the College Entrance Examinations. / It is essential that …. (should) be prepared for … 40、他在新政府中已确立了他自己作为一位最有影响力的部长的地位。( establish ) He has established himself as the most influential minister in the new government. 41、即使在重病期间，他也没有停止帮助那个女孩。（even） Even when he was seriously ill, he didn’t stop helping the girl. 42、奥运会每四年举办一次。(every) The Olympic Games are held every four years. 43、把牛奶喝掉给其他孩子做个榜样。(example) Drink your milk and set an example to the other children. 44、上海是座美丽的城市，只是交通繁忙了些。(except) Shanghai is a beautiful city except for its heavy traffic. 45、除了在报上看到的那些消息，我对这次事故一无所知。（except） I know nothing about the accident except what I read in the newspaper. 46、没有无例外的规则。（exception） There is no rule that has no exceptions. / There’s no rule but has exceptions. 47、我想用我的钢笔换你的小刀。 ( exchange ) I’d like to exchange my pen for your knife. 48、他喜欢这些聚会，在聚会上他可以与年轻人就各种话题交换意见。(exchange) He loves these parties, where he can exchange views on various subjects with young people. 49、你知道那新国家成立于何时吗？(existence) Do you know when the new country came into existence? 50、作者决没料到这本书会这么热门。(expect) The author never expected that the book would be so popular. 51、他高尔夫打得很内行。(expert n. ) He is an expert at playing golf. 52、老师向学生们讲解了那个句子的意思。(explain) The teacher explained the meaning of the sentence to the students. 53、只有不断探究未知事物，我们才能有新发现和新发明。 ( explore )
Only by constantly exploring the unknown can we make new discoveries and inventions. 54、出国学习的好处之一是学生可以随时接触所学语言。(expose) One of the benefits in studying / advantages of studying abroad is that students are exposed to their target language. 55、人们普遍认为，孩子们的早年经历在很大程度上决定了他们的性格。(extent) It is generally accepted / believed that the experiences of children in their early years determine their character to a great extent. 56、垃圾分类可能花费我们多一点时间，但它将在很大程度上节省自然资源。(extent) Garbage sorting may take us a little more time, but it will save our natural resources to a large extent. 57、报上的那张照片引起了他的注意。（eye） The photo in the newspaper caught his eye. 字母 F 1、污染是我们人类面临的最严重的问题之一。(face) Pollution is one of the most serious problems we human beings face / are faced with / that face us / facing us. 2、荣誉属于那些勇于面对困难去探索宇宙秘密的人。 ( face up to ) Honour belongs to those who face up to / face bravely difficulties to explore the secret of the universe. 3、因为缺少好的设备，这家工厂未能生产出高质量的产品。 ( fail ) The factory failed to produce the products with high quality for lack of good equipment. 4、由于工作劳累，他在四十多岁时身体就开始垮下来。(fail) Because of hard work, his health began to fail when he was in his forties. 5、由于突然停电，他们不得不停止工作。(failure) They had to stop working due to a sudden power failure. 6、没能用英语思考使他一直以来英语没有取得很大进步。(failure) Failure to think in English has made him make little progress in English. / has prevented him from making ….. 7、如果你不努力，你将落后于你的同龄人。(fall) If you don’t work hard / make great efforts, you will fall behind your peers. / those of your age. 8、母亲节是每年五月的第二个星期天。 ( fall ) Mother’s Day falls on the second Sunday of May every year. 9、他对这一带非常熟悉，主动提出做我们的导游。 ( familiar ) He was quite familiar with the area around here and offered to be our guide. 10、你所做的工作一点也不能令人满意。(far) What you have done is far from satisfactory. 11、据我所知，至今没有一个人能解出这道难题。(far) As far as I know, nobody has been able to work out that difficult problem up to now. 12、他迷上了电影，以至于学习有些分心了。(fascinate) He was so fascinated by films that it took his attention away from his study. /He is too fascinated by films to concentrate on his study. 13、长发正时兴/已不时兴。(fashion) Long hair is in fashion / out of fashion.
14、我不明白为什么我的老板最近老是跟我过不去。(fault) I don’t understand why my boss is always finding fault with me recently. 15、你能帮我收集一些有关这方面的信息吗？ ( favour n.) Could you do me the favour to collect some information about this? 16、我能求你帮个忙吗？(favour n. ) Can I ask / beg a favour of you? 17、越来越多的医生赞成使用心理疗法治疗生理疾病。(favour n. ) More and more doctors are in favour of using psychological therapy to treat / cure physical diseases. 18、与男生相比，那种工作更欢迎女生去做。（favour v. ） Girls are favoured over boys in that kind of job. 19、他叫我不要吵，怕吵醒孩子。（fear n.） He asked us not to be noisy, for fear of waking the baby. 20、我不敢告诉你他做的事情，因为怕他生我的气。(fear n. ) I dare not tell you what he did, for fear that he should be angry with me. 21、他惊恐地站在那里，人在颤抖。（fear n. ） He stood there in fear trembling. 22、经济问题在首相的演讲中占了很重要的位置。( feature v. ) The economy featured very largely in the Prime Minister’s speech. 23、这种布摸起来很柔软，通用它做成衬衫穿起来很舒服。(feel) This kind of cloth feels soft and it is comfortable to wear a shirt made of it. 24、凯特虽然很想参加讨论，但腼腆得不敢开口。(feel ) Though she felt like joining in the discussion, kate was too shy to open her mouth. 25、只有通过亲身体验，你才能理解志愿服务有多么重要。 ( figure ) Only through your own experience, can you figure out how important volunteer work is. 26、如果你要申请这个工作，请填表。 ( fill ) Please fill in / out this form if you want to apply for the job. 27、虽然早已退休, 但母亲仍打零工来资助孩子上大学. (finance v. ) Though already retired, the mother still took part-time jobs to finance her children’s college education. 28、一年中的每一天他都在忙忙碌碌，难怪他总是第一名。 ( find ) Every day of the year finds him occupied. No wonder he always gets the first place in the exams. 29、棉花很容易着火。(fire) Cotton catches fire easily. 30、大家认为她不适合在船上工作。（fit） People think / It’s generally thought that she is not fit to work on the ship. 31、我们所做的一切必须适应新时期的需要。(fit) What we are doing now should fit in with the needs of the new period. 32、他目不转睛地看着他。（fix） He fixed his eyes on her. 33、我们的讨论集中在如何帮助病人和疾病作斗争。(focus) Our discussion focused on how to help patients fight their diseases. 34、在学习外国先进文化的时候，我们必须遵循洋为中用的原则。(follow) While we are learning the advanced culture from other countries, we must follow the principle of
making foreign things serve our country. 35、他在业余时间喜欢网上聊天。(fond) He is fond of chatting online in his spare time. 36、一部杰出的漫画是除了能给读者带来娱乐还能带来更深思考的作品。 ( food ) An outstanding comic strip is the one that can bring food for thought to readers in addition to amusement. 37、那个国家禁止 18 岁以下的人饮用含酒精的饮料。 ( forbid ) In that country one who is under the age of 18 is forbidden to drink anything alcoholic. 38、昨天他又忘了关门。(forget) He forgot to close the door again yesterday. 39、大量的淡水以冰的形式存在于南极。(form) There are large quantities of fresh water in Antarctica in the form of ice. 40、作为教师，我们应该帮助学生形成良好的阅读习惯。(form) As teachers, we should help students form a good habit of reading. 41、他通过出版著名的作品赚了一大笔钱。(fortune) He made a large fortune by publishing famous works. 42、那青年坐过牢，但服刑一年后就获释了。(free) Then young man was once in prison, but after serving one-year sentence, he was set free. 43、这些家具似乎是新近搬进房间里的，它们没有灰尘。(free) All the furniture seemed to have been recently brought into the room, for it was free of / from dust. 44、那个老板不愿意雇佣那些刚从大学毕业的学生。(fresh) The boss is unwilling / reluctant to employ students fresh from university. 45、人们不愿意与那些不信守诺言的人交朋友。（friend） People are not willing to make friends with those who don’t keep their word / promises. 46、他因为好玩而学习法语。(fun) He learns French for fun. 47、在下结论前，我们将作进一步的讨论。(further) We will have a further discussion before we draw a conclusion. 字母 G 1、我的表走得快了，肯定出了毛病。(gain) My watch gains time, there must be something wrong. 2、她以前有恐高症, 不过现在没有了。 (get over) She used to be afraid of heights, but now he has got over it. 3、那条领带与你的衬衫很配。 ( go ) That tie goes well with your shirt. 4、犯罪不总是与贫穷相伴而行。 ( go) Crime does not necessarily go with poverty. 5、我们中国人在世界上被人看不起的日子已经一去不复返了。(go) Gone forever are the days when we Chinese people were looked down on /upon in the world. 6 、我们没有想到这么多的人来听有关中东局势的报告，恐怕我们的材料不够分配。 (go around ) It never occurred to us that so many people would attend the lecture about the situation in
Mid-East, and we are afraid that we haven’t got enough materials to go around. 7、上海近几年经历了许多变化，如今已成为世界闻名的经济中心。 (go ) Shanghai has gone through many changes, and now it has become a world-famous economic centre. 8、越是对健康有益的食物，我们越要常吃。(good) The more good it does to our health, the more often we should eat / have the food. 9、我对你帮我学英语深表感激。(grateful) I’m grateful to you for helping me with my English. 10、在告别晚会上，他含着热泪向帮助过他的人表示感谢。 ( gratitude ) At the farewell party, he expressed his gratitude with tears in his eyes to the people who had helped him. 11、当她在校园中遇到我时，总是笑着更我打招呼。 ( greet ) She always greets me with a smile when she meets me on campus. 12、约翰的朋友说他搞错了,但他坚持不认错。 ( ground) John’s friend said he was mistaken, but he held / stood his ground. 13、大学毕业后工作并不能得到保证。（guarantee v. ） College students are not guaranteed jobs when they graduate. 14、这种型号的照相机包修一年半。 ( guarantee v. ) Cameras of this type are guaranteed for a year and a half. 15、没有回他的信，我觉得很内疚。（guilty） I was guilty of not having answered his letters. 字母 H 1、每个孩子从小都必须养成饭前洗手这个习惯。（habit） Every child must form / develop the habit of washing hands before meals. 2、这个老人有早起的习惯。(habit) The old man is in the habit of getting up early. 3、如果你当时意识到问题的严重性，并采取措施，结果就完全两样了。 ( Had … ) Had you realized how serious the problem was then and taken some measures, the result would have been completely different. 4、这个问题太复杂以至于他无法独立处理它。(handle) The problem was so complicated that he couldn’t handle it on his own. 5、尽量多学点，这些知识早晚会派得上用场。（handy） Try to learn more. These knowledge will come in handy sooner or later. 6、房间里除了几件小玩具，什么也没挂。（hang） Inside the room hangs nothing but some small toys. 7、他碰巧以前做过类似的练习。(happen) It so happened that he had done similar exercises before. / He happened to have done similar exercises before. 8、长时间看电视对眼睛有害。(harm) Watching too much TV / Watching TV for a long time / for too long does harm to your / one’s eyes. 9、印第安人信奉与自然和睦相处，而不像大多数人那样渴望成就和财富。(harmony) Indians believe in living in harmony with nature, unlike many people who desire achievements
and wealth. 10、我的钱包在车上被盗了。（have） I had my wallet stolen on the bus. 11、你为什么让水一直流呢？（have） Why do you have the water running all the time? 12、船改变航向向纽约开去。 ( head v.) The ship changed direction and headed for New York. 13、他每天都锻炼，所以身体一直很好。(health) He exercises / takes / does exercise every day, so he is always in good health / always enjoys good health. 14、只要你用心学习，你很快就会把你所学的东西记住。(heart) As long as you study hard, you will soon learn all you’ve learned by heart. 15、只要你全身心投入学习，你一定能通过考试。(heart) You are sure to be able to pass the exam as long as you put your heart into your study. 16、我想她不应该趁邻居外出擅自取用他的自行车。 ( help oneself to ) I don’t think she should help herself to her neighbour’s bike when he was away. 17、如果需要我帮忙，请不必犹豫打电话给我。(hesitate) Don’t hesitate to call me if you need my help. 18、他毫不犹豫地跳进河里去救那个落水的孩子。(hesitation) He jumped into the river to save the drowning child without hesitation. 19、他们坚信：只有千锤百练才能出真金。(hold) They hold the firm view that only the test of fire makes fine steel. 20、只要是你认为正确的，就要坚定立场。 ( hold ) As long as you think it right, you should hold your ground. 21、据报道，那座铁路大桥曾因洪水而停止修建。(hold) It was reported that the construction of the railway bridge had been held up by a flood./ because of a flood. 22、住在朋友家她感到很拘束。(home) She doesn’t feel at home in her friend’s house / home. 23、是那些在奥运会上为国争光的运动员为我们树立了学习的榜样。(honour) It is those who have won honours for our country in the Olympics that have set a good example to us. 24、他们将举行一个晚会来庆祝那位美籍华人科学家获得诺贝尔奖。(honour) They are going to have an evening party in honour of the American Chinese scientist who has won the Nobel Prize. 25、昨天,我本想跟往常一样去图书馆借书, 但因为下雨而没有去成. (hope, fail) Yesterday I had hoped to go to the library to borrow some books as usual, but I failed to do so because of the rain. 26、许多中国学生想出国学习以扩大眼界和获得对将来事业有助的资格。(horizon) Many Chinese students want to study overseas / abroad to expand / broaden their horizons and obtain the qualifications that will help with their future careers. 27、医生挨家挨户上门巡访病人，省去了许多老年人去医院的麻烦。 ( house) The Doctors visit the patients from house to house, saving many old people’s trouble of going to hospital.
28、许多高中生在寻找临时的夏季工作。(hunt) A lot of senior high school students are hunting for a summer part-time job,. 29、他们急忙赶到车站，结果发现火车已经开走了。(hurry) They hurried to the station / They got to the station in a hurry, only to find the train had left / gone. 字母 I 1、参观过展览会后，我们对新的铁路的建设有了个大致的了解。（idea） After visiting the exhibition, we’ve got a general idea of the construction of the new railway. 2、一个孩子可以用声音来认出自己的母亲。 ( identify ) A baby can identify its mother by her voice. 3、我要是也能和宇航员一样遨游太空该多好。(if) If only I could travel in outer space like astronauts. 4、他学得越多，越是觉得自己少见寡闻。(ignorant) The more he learns, the more ignorant he feels himself to be. / the more he finds that he is ignorant. 5、他对现代科技一无所知。（ignorant） He’s completely ignorant of / about modern technology. 6、他完全没有留意老师所说的那番话。(ignore) He ignored the whole speech of the teacher./ what the teacher said. 7、你能否想象单独在荒岛上生活一年吗？(imagine) Can you imagine living on a lonely island alone / by yourself for a year? 8、这种进口药有立竿见影之功效。(immediate) This imported medicine has an immediate effect. 9、那位科学家的预言对当代科学的发展产生了巨大的影响。( impact) What that scientist predicted has made a tremendous impact on the development of modern science. 10、他讲话的态度意味着他不愿接受这份协议。 ( imply ) His attitude of speaking implied that he was unwilling to accept the agreement. 11、他告诉我这个会议非常重要。(importance) He told me that the meeting was of great importance. 12、她并不想强迫她朋友接受她的价值观。(impose) She didn’t want to impose her values on her friend. 13、他父亲要他记住学习英语的重要性。（impress） His father wants / wanted to impress on / upon him the importance of learning English. The manner of his speaking implied that he didn’t want to accept this agreement. 14、让我印象十分深刻的是日本人尽力保护环境的方式。(impress) What impresses me most is the way Japanese people try to protect their environment./The way the Japanese try to …. impressed me a lot. /I’m deeply impressed with / by the way Japanese people try to …. 15、为促进销售，所有店员都必须更加彬彬有礼，给顾客留下好印象。（impression） To promote the sales, all the shop assistants must be more polite and leave / make a good impression on customers. 16、学生可以借图书馆里的任何一本书. (inaccessible)
No book in the library is inaccessible to students. 17、对普通人来说北京的故宫不再是禁地。(inaccessible) The Palace Museum in Beijing is no longer inaccessible to ordinary people. 18、这本书里有 50 个小故事，其中包括你刚才讲的那个。(include) The book contains fifty short stories, including the one you told just now. 19、由于能量的需求日益增长，一些能源很快被用完了。 ( increase v.) As the need for power increases every day, some sources of energy are being used up quickly. 20、互联网已在我们的生活中扮演着越来越重要的角色。(increasingly) Internet has been playing an increasingly important role / part in our day-to-day life. 21、你既然声称要独立于父母，为什么在经济上完全依靠他们？(independent) Now that / Since you claim that you want to be independent of your parents, why do you economically / financially depend entirely on them? 22、考官脸上的笑容表明他对面试的结果非常满意。 ( indicate ) The smile on the interviewer’s face indicated that he was very satisfied with the result of the interview. 23、那些流感患者必须与其他人隔离开来。(infect) Those infected with flu must be isolated from others. 24、农村来的孩子不必觉得不如城市里的孩子。(inferior) Children from the countryside do not need to feel / needn’t feel inferior to those from cities. 25、孩子的性格受家庭环境的影响很大。(influence) A child’s personality / character is greatly / strongly / largely influenced by his / her family environment / Family environment has a great influence on a child’s character / personality. 26、你没有理由不提前通知我们就打算取消合同。(inform) You have no reason to cancel the contract without informing us in advance. 27、我的亲戚通过写信告诉我家乡的发展。（inform） My relative informs me of the development in my hometown by writing to me. 28、她从她爷爷那里继承了那块土地。（inherit） She inherited the land from her grandfather. 29、一般说来，在西方国家，询问妇女的年龄和个人的事情被认为是不礼貌的。（inquire） Generally speaking, in western countries, it’s impolite to inquire about women’s age and private/ personal affairs. / Generally speaking, it is considered bad manners to …. in western countries. 30、你可以在网站上询问有关那家公司提供的服务。(inquiry) You may make inquiries about the services the company provides on their website. 31、他坚持要送我回家。（insist） He insisted on seeing me home. 32、他坚持说他没有偷钱，并且应当马上被释放。 ( insist ) He insisted that he hadn’t stolen the money and should be released at once. 33、在观众的鼓励下，来自美国的 Tom 在特奥运动会上圆了他的金牌梦。(inspire) Inspired by the audience, Tom, from America / coming from America, achieved / realized his dream of winning a gold medal at the Special Olympics. 34、他一回来，我就会告诉他所发生的一切。(instant) The instant he comes back, I will tell him what has happened. 35、他英语学得糟糕的原因是因为他把注意力放在语法上而不是交际上。(instead) The reason why his English / why he doesn’t learn English well is that he concentrates on
grammar instead of communication. 36、那椅子原本是给你准备的，可是被她拿走了。（intend） The chair was intended for you, but she took it away. 37、警方急于了解的是他那样做的动机究竟是什么。(intention) The police are anxious to learn what on earth his intention of doing so is. 38、他现在已经长大了，对流行音乐已经不感兴趣了。( interest ) Now he has grown up and no longer takes interest in pop music. 39、她现在神志还不清醒，不过每隔一会儿会醒过来。（interval） She is unconscious now, but may come to at intervals. 40、他说他很荣幸采访了英特尔公司的懂事长。 ( interview ) He said he was greatly honoured to have had an interview with the president of Intel Company. 41、据说英语的客观考试是 20 世纪 70 年代引入中国的。 ( introduce ) It is said that the English objective test was introduced into China in the 1970s. 42、他要亲邀请几个朋友参加他的生日晚会。 ( invite ) He invited several friends to his birthday party. 43、那个国家经常卷入战争，那就是它为什么极度贫穷的原因。(involve) That country is often involved in wars , which / and that’s why it is extremely poor. 44、写作是一个漫长的过程，需要相当多的思考，时间和努力。(involve) Writing is a long process, involving / which involves considerable / much thought, time and effort / hard work. 45、与他原来期待的相反，做这个工作需要经常乘飞机出国。(involve) Contrary to what he expected, to undertake the job involves constantly going abroad by air. 46、这个山区和外界隔绝是因为缺乏先进的交通运输手段。(isolate) The mountain area is isolated from the outside world for lack of advanced means of transportation. 47、为 2008 年奥运会，中国政府发行了一些邮票。 ( issue v.) The Chinese government has issued some stamps for the 2008 Olympic Games. 48、他能在一星期的时间里就完成这个项目，真实不可思议。(It) It is unimaginable that he could finish this project in a week. 49、对你来说，赢得今天的网球比赛是小菜一碟。（It） It will be / is a piece of cake for you to win the tennis match today. / win today’s tennis match. 字母 J 1、她妒忌我的成功。(jealous) She is jealous of my success. 2、据说世界上已经有很多国家加入了那个国际组织。(join) It is said that many countries in the world have joined that international organization. 3、我的足球刚才还在这儿，现在不见了。一定有人在跟我开玩笑吧。(joke) My football was here a moment ago, but now it’s missing / gone. Someone must be playing a joke on me. 4、从医生脸上的笑容来判断，这次手术是相当成功的。 (judge) Judging from / by the smile on the doctor’s face, the operation was quite successful. 5、最后罪犯被绳之以法。 ( justice ) At last the criminal was brought to justice.
字母 K 1、为了实现梦想，他迫切想出国深造。(keen) To realize his dreams, he was / is keen on going abroad for further studies. 2、他很热心，愿意帮忙。(keen) He is keen to help. 3、我们必须勤奋学习，否则我们就会被时代的潮流所抛弃。 ( keep ) We should study diligently. Otherwise, we’d be kept away from the trend of times. 4、他的病使他不能参加会议。(keep) His illness kept him from attending the meeting. 5、我们应当记住我们是在为祖国的将来而学习。(keep) What we must keep in mind is that we are studying for the future of our motherland. 6、如果你继续这样下去，你会以坐牢告终的。（keep） If you keep doing like this, you will end up in prison. 7、均衡饮食是健康的关键。(key) A balanced diet is the key to health. 8、在办理登机前，逛商店购物可能是消磨时光的好办法。（kill） Shopping can be a good way to kill time before checking in. 9、小汤米匆忙上学去，没有朝两边看，结果被摩托车撞倒了。 ( knock ) Little Tommy hurried to school and didn’t look both ways and as a result, her was knocked down by a motorbike. 10、上海世博会的口号“城市让生活更美好”越来越深入人心。（know） The slogan of the Shanghai EXPO “ Better City, Better Life” is getting more and more known to people. 11、在国际贸易中，一门英语知识非常重要。（knowledge） A knowledge of English is very important in international trade. 字母 L 1、现在有些人并不缺钱，他们缺的是道德。(lack) Now some people don’t lack / are not short of money. What they lack is morality. 2、全世界爱好和平的人民都希望世界永远和平。(last v.) The peace-loving people all over the world hope that that world peace will last forever. 3、父母将去北京出差一周，他们买了足够的食物以供我们一周的食用。( last v.) Our parents will go to Beijing on business for a week, so they have bought enough food to last us a whole week. 4、迟早他会明白他原该说实话的。(later) Sooner or later he will understand that he should have told the truth. 5、我想你正在农村过着一种非常安静的生活。（lead） I suppose you are leading a very quiet life in the country. 6、这个消息让我相信他们会来。（lead） The news leads me to believe that they will come. 7、这次意外事故使他学到了“乐极生悲”这个教训。（lead） The unexpected accident (has) taught him a lesson that too much happiness leads to sorrow. 8、他是那个时期主要的作曲家之一。（leading）
He was one of the leading composers of his time. 9、他工作得太辛苦了，就这样靠着墙睡着了。 ( lean ) He worked so hard that he fell asleep leaning against the wall. 10、那位作家死于火车事故，他的小说未能完成。(leave) The writer died in a train accident, leaving his novel unfinished. 11、尽管你们经常要加班，还是不能把孩子独自一人留在家里玩电子游戏。(leave) Though you often have to work overtime, you shouldn’t leave your kid alone at home playing video games. 12、你怎么老是把雨伞遗忘在公共汽车上？（leave） How are you always leaving your umbrella on the bus? 13、泰勒小姐打电话给经理说想要请三天假处理一些私人的事情。(ask for leave) Miss Taylor phoned the manager saying (that) she wanted/ would like to ask for three days’ leave to deal with some personal affairs. 14、我感谢你在我处于困境时向我伸出援助之手。（lend） I’m grateful to you for lending me a hand when I was in trouble. 15、我们应该从这件事情中吸取教训。(lesson) We should draw a lesson from this incident / event. 16、这个淘气的男孩由于不努力学习，他的家长非常失望。(let) This naughty boy lets his parents down because he doesn’t study hard enough. 17、当得知北京赢得了 2008 年奥运会的举办权时，中国人民欢呼雀跃，喜极而泣。( let ) Learning that Beijing had won the bid to host the 2008 Olympics, the Chinese people let out cries, laughs and tears of joy. 18、生活的真正价值不在于索取，而在于给予。(lie) The true value of life lies in not getting but giving. 19、火光照亮了整个小区。( light ) The fire lit up the neighbourhood. 20、她的脸上洋溢着笑脸。 ( light ) A smile lit up her face. 21、你有没有想过将来的社会将是什么样？（like） Have you thought about what society will be like in the future? 22、春节期间，火车票价可能不变。(likely) During the Spring Festival, the train fares are likely to remain / stay / keep/ unchanged / the same. It is likely that the train fares will remain / stay / keep unchanged / the same. 23、我们应该把费用限制在我们能支付的范围内。(limit v. ) We must limit the expenses to what we can afford. 24、我们应该对旅途的费用进行限制。(limit n. ) We should set a limit to the expense of the trip. 25、成千人排列在街道旁，欢迎在奥运会上获得金牌的运动员。(line v.) Thousands of people lined the street to welcome the athletes who had won the Olympic gold medals. 26、你能否把昨晚小偷偷走的东西列个清单？那会对警方大有帮助的。(list) Could you make a list of / list the things the thief stole last night? It will be helpful to the police. 27、我做梦也没想到在这次化学竞赛中获得一等奖。(Little)
Little did I dream of winning (the) first prize in the chemistry contest this time. 28、许多年轻人毕业后不工作，而依靠父母生活，这是多么可悲啊。 ( live ) How sad it is that many young people don’t go to work after graduation but live on their parents. / many young people live on … instead of going to …. 29、他没有辜负父母对他的期望。 ( live ) He lived up to his parents’ expectation. 30、奥运会开幕式对全球进行了实况转播，获得了高度赞誉。(live) The opening ceremony of the Olympic Games was broadcast /televised live to the whole world and was spoken / thought highly of. 31、我姑妈的房子就在山脚下，旁边有个美丽的湖泊。(locate) My aunt’s house is located at the foot of a hill, with a beautiful lake nearby. 32、打那以后，小女孩就一直渴望同奥运冠军谈话。(long v.) Ever since then, the little girl has been longing to talk to the champion of the Olympics. 33、我们日夜盼望的日子终于来到了。（long v.） The day that we are longing for has come at last. 34、我们不应该鄙视那些学习上有困难的人。(look) Wee shouldn’t look down upon / on those who have difficulty with their studies. 35、我喜欢回顾幼儿园生活，这是我一生中最快乐的时光。(look) I like to look back on my days in the kindergarten, which were among the happiest in my life. 36、我们班上所有的学生都认为他是个民族英雄。(look) All the students of our class look upon / on him as a national hero. 37、这小孩在公园迷了路，他不知所措，哭了起来。(lose, loss) The child was / got lost / lost his way in the park. He was at a loss and began to cry. 38、工人们对于自己的公司非常忠诚。（loyal） The workmen are loyal to their company. 39、十年前他去澳洲试试运气，结果他生意做得很成功。(luck) Ten years ago, he went to Australia to try his luck. As a result, he was successful in his business. 字母 M 1、这个男孩对足球非常痴迷。(mad) The boy is mad about football. 2、英语考试不及格的消息几乎使他发疯。（mad） The news that he hadn’t passed / didn’t pass the exam nearly drove him mad. 3、MP3 如今很流行，主要原因为从网上下载歌曲很方便。 ( mainly ) MP3 players are very popular nowadays mainly because it’s convenient to download music from the Internet. 4、这两个同学大学毕业后保持着他们的友谊。(maintain) The two classmates maintained their friendship after their graduation. 5、据我所知，他在大学里主修物理。(major v. ) As / So far as I know, he majored in physics in university. 6、据说大多数人每天晚上做梦，但许多人醒来时讲不出梦见了什么。（majority） It is said that the majority of people dream every night, but many of them can’t tell what they have dreamed about / of when they wake up. 7、这个医疗队主要有三个医生，两个护士组成。 ( make )
The medical team is made up of three doctors and two nurses. 8、你能看得出黑板上写的是什么？ ( make ) Can you make out what it says on the blackboard? 9、我认为他年纪太大，爬不到山顶，但他最后爬了上去。(make) I thought he would be too old to get to the top of the mountain, but he made it. 10、新闻记者的责任是客观地报道事件，而不是去编造故事。(make) The duty of a news reporter is not to make up stories but to report an event objectively. / The duty … is to report an event objectively instead of making up stories. 11、这个青年教师以努力工作来弥补经验的不足。(make) The young teacher makes up for his lack of experience by working hard. 12、最后他设法弄到了他所需要的东西。(manage) He managed to get what he wanted at last. 13、在公共汽车上给老人让座是很有礼貌的。(manner) It is good manners to offer one’s seat to the old / old people on the bus. 14、许多学生喜欢这首流行歌曲。(many a / an ) Many a student likes this pop song. 15、Tom 和 Jane 去年结婚的。(marry) Tom and Jane got married last year. / Tom married Jane last year. 16、Tom 和 Jane 结婚一年了。(marry) Tom has been married to Jane for a year . 17、抓住机会并树立信心，你终将惊叹你自己取得的成就。 ( marvel v.) Hold fast to the opportunity and have faith in yourself, and you will eventually marvel at what you will achieve. 18、这件衣服和他的鞋子不是非常地匹配。 ( match ) This coat doesn’t match his shoes very well. 19、重要的不是你在考试中得了几分，而是你是否努力了。(matter) What matters is not what score you have got / get in the exam, but whether you have studied hard. 20、祝我们之间的友谊天长地久。 ( May ) May the friendship between us last forever. 21、天越来越暗了，你还是回家吧。(may / might ) It’s getting darker and darker. You may / might as well go home now. 22、那个男孩已经长得很高了，你很有可能认不出他了。(may) The boy has grown up tall and you may not recognize him. 23、很清楚做这种事情意味着浪费时间。(mean) It is clear that doing this kind of things means wasting time. 24、这本书的目的是写给 10 岁以下的孩子看的。(mean) The book is meant for children under 10. 25、昨天我本来要来看你的，但实在是太忙了。（mean） I had meant to go to see you, but I was too busy. 26、她不会说话，但凭借手势与人交流。 ( means ) She can’t speak, but she can communicate with others by means of gestures. 27、毫无疑问，政府将采取措施来防止这种疾病蔓延。 ( measure ) There is no doubt that the government will take measures to prevent this disease from spreading.
28、为了纪念为了战争牺牲的士兵，一个纪念碑已经被建立。(memory) A monument has been built in memory of the soldiers who died / gave their lives for the war. 29、被狠揍了几拳后，这名拳击手已经完全听命于对手的摆布了。( mercy ) After taking several blows, the boxer was completely at the mercy of his opponent. 30、你不能想象社交集会结束后房间里有多么脏乱。（mess） You can’t imagine what a mess the room was in after the social party. 31、你不妨和我们一起呆在这里。 ( might ) You might as well stay with us. 32、我看体育节目你愿意吗？(mind) Do you mind if I watch / my watching the sports programme now? 33、老板决定聘请更多的年轻人来处理售后服务。( mind ) The boss finally made up his mind to employ more young people to deal with after-sale services. 34、无论走到哪里，她经常被错认为她的双胞胎妹妹。(mistake) She is often mistaken for her twin sister wherever she goes. 35、她真粗心，无意中竟然把盐放进了一杯茶里。(mistake) She was so careless that she even put salt in the cup of tea by mistake. 36、上个星期的英语考试我没有通过，所以我现在没有心情去看电影。(mood) I didn’t pass the English test last week, so I’m in no mood to go to the cinema now. 37、与父母在一起的时间越长，孩子就越聪明。(more) The more time kids spend with their parents, the cleverer / smarter they are. 38、如果你在美国的超市购物，你会惊奇地发现那里大多数衣服是中国制造的。 ( mostly ) If you do shopping in the supermarkets in America, you will be surprised to find the clothes there are mostly made in China. 字母 N 1、这是他第一次以父亲的名义参加聚会。(name n.) This is the first time that he has attended the get-together / party in the name of his father. 2、以他奶奶命名的餐厅上个月被拆除了。（name v.） The restaurant named after his grandmother was pulled down last month. 3、我觉得父母经常与孩子交流就能缩小代沟。 ( narrow ) I think if parents often communicate with their children, the generation gap will be narrowed. 4、香蕉原产于台湾。(native) Banana is native to Taiwan. 5、这个男孩天性非常善良。(nature) The boy is very kind by nature. 6、这次旅途 1000 元是远远不够的。(nearly) 1000 yuan is not nearly enough for this trip. 7、身高超过 2 米的人未必都适合打篮球。 ( necessarily ) One / A person who is over two metres in height / high is not necessarily fit for playing basketball. Those who are over 2 metres in height are not necessarily …. 8、假如你从食物中能得到足够的营养，就没有必要服用维生素药丸。(need n.) There’s no need for you to take vitamin pills if you can get enough nutrition from food. 9、这个城市很需要合格的医生和工程师。 ( need n.)
There is a great need for qualified doctors and engineers in the city. / The city is in great need of … 10、没有人喜欢和玩忽职守的人交朋友。(neglect) Nobody likes to make friends with one who neglects his duty. / those who neglect their duties. 11、他为考试结果感到紧张不安。(nervous) He felt / was nervous about the result of the exam. 12、我们刚离开村子，天就下起雨来。( No sooner ) No sooner had we left the village than it began to rain. 13、她在英语方面不亚于任何人。我们选她为英语课代表。(none) She is second to none in English, so we chose / made her monitor in charge of English. 14、我不是从报纸上而是从网上知道这条消息的。( not… but … ) I got the news not in the newspaper but on the net. 15、朋友不仅能让你分享他的快乐而且能分担你的忧愁。( not only …but also ) A friend will not only share his happiness with you but also unburden your worry. 16、她不光自己每天喝牛奶，还说服我们也这样做。（Not only …） Not only does she drink milk every day but also she has persuaded us into doing /to do so. 17、当我走进房间时，发现除了一台旧电视机以外，房内没有一件值钱的东西。（nothing） When I entered the room, I found that there was nothing expensive but an old TV set. 18、他做这一切都是免费的。(nothing) He did / has done this for nothing. 19、他声称与这件事情没有任何关系。（nothing） He claimed that he had nothing to do with this matter. / to have nothing to do with … 20、他对有关他的议论毫不介意。(notice) He takes no notice of what is talked about him. 21、他们不得不仓促上路去日本出差。 ( notice n. ) They have to leave for Japan on business at very short notice. 22、既然你不知道这些生词的意思，为什么不请教老师或词典呢？ (now that) Now that you don’t know the meanings of the new words, why not turn to your teacher or the dictionary? 23、我从未在任何地方尝过这种食物。(Nowhere ) Nowhere else have I tasted this kind of food. 24、他四处寻找丢失的手表，但哪儿也找不到。(nowhere) He looked everywhere for the lost watch, but it was nowhere to be seen/ found.
字母 O 1、我们反对如此匆匆地离开。(object) We objected to leaving in such a hurry. 2、法律迫使父母送孩子去学校。(oblige) The law obliges parents to send their children to school. 3、我感谢你为我所做的一切。(oblige) I’m obliged to you for what you’ve done. ( = be thankful ) 4、我们呼吁每一个人都能遵守交通规则。（observe） We appeal to everyone to observe the traffic rules.
5、那个国家的人过圣诞节吗？(observe) Do people in that country observe Christmas? 6、显而易见，你掌握的词汇量越大，表达就越清楚。(obvious) It is obvious that the larger English vocabulary you have, the more clearly you can express yourself. 7、我觉得懒惰是我取得进步的障碍。(obstacle) I find laziness is an obstacle to my progress. 8、人体所需的维他命可以从水果和蔬菜中获得。（obtain） Necessary vitamins needed by human bodies can be obtained from fruit and vegetables. 9、在这样正规的场合，你不应该穿得这么随意。(occasion) You shouldn’t wear casual clothes on such a formal occasion. 10、关于伊拉克战争的报道占据了该报头版的大部分版面。 ( occupy ) Reports on Iraq war occupied most of the front page of the newspaper. 11、集邮是他的嗜好，它几乎占据了他所有的业余时间。 ( occupy ) Stamp collecting, which is his hobby, occupies almost all his spare time. 12、他正忙于写信。( occupy ) He was occupied in writing letters. 13、我忽然想到我把钥匙忘在教室里了。(occur) It suddenly occurred to me that I had left my keys in the classroom. 14、电脑技术的发展对人类进步起着重要作用。(of) The development of computer technology is of great importance to human progress. 15、近来我太累了，真想休假一个月。( of f ) I’m so tired that I would love to have a month off work. 16、我向你道歉，因为我昨天冒犯了你。(offend) I have to make an apology to you / apologize to you for offending you yesterday. 17、乘车时你有主动给老人让座的习惯吗？(offer) Do you have the habit of offering your seat to an old passenger on a bus? 18、她主动提出开车送我回家。 ( offer ) She offered to drive me to the station. 19、有人出一千美圆买我那辆旧车，可它的价值远不止此。（offer） I was offered 1000 dollars for my old car, but its value was much higher. 20、你一旦养成了坏习惯，改掉它是很难的。 ( once ) Once you get into a bad habit, it’s very difficult to get rid of it. 21、我们只有通过艰苦的训练才能成为合格的志愿者。(Only) Only through hard training can we become qualified volunteers. 22、正在建造的图书馆将于明年初向公众开放。(open) The library (which is ) being built will be open to the public at the beginning of next year. 23、他擅长使用各种电脑。(operate) He is good at operating different kinds of computers. 24、我们得给他的眼睛动手术。（operate） We will have to operate on his eyes. 25、大家觉得很难同意他发表的对这件事的看法。（opinion） All the people find it hard to agree to the opinion that he gave on the matter. 26、比赛的结果与我们预料的完全相反。 ( opposite )
The result of the game was completely opposite to what we had expected. 27、不要再迟到了，否则你会被解雇的。 （or） Don’t be late again, or you will be fired. 28、昨天下午那幢楼的电梯突然出故障，三个人被关了半个小时。 ( order n.) Yesterday afternoon the lift of that building was out of order suddenly and three people were trapped in it for half an hour. 29、经过彻底大扫除后，房间布置得井井有条。(order n. ) After a thorough cleaning, the house was found to be in good order. 30、船长命令所有的乘客都必须立刻离开轮船。（order v.） The captain ordered that all the passengers should leave the ship at once. 31、我想订购一张大的桌子。（order n. ） I would like to place an order for a large table. 32、她想读《飘》的原著。（original n.） She wants to read Gone With The Wind in the original. 33、事实真相与你想的完全不符。(other) The truth is quite other than what you think. 34、时尚一直在变，今天的时尚明天将成为过时。（out） Fashion is always changing. What is in fashion today will be out of fashion tomorrow. 35、人生最大的挑战是克服我们自身的致命弱点。( overcome ) The biggest challenge in life is to overcome our own fatal weakness. 36、从小山顶上你可以俯瞰整个码头和购物区。(overlook) From the top of the hill you can overlook the whole of the port and the shopping areas. 37、请再仔细检查一遍，确保没有任何细节被忽视了。(overlook) Please check (it) again and / to make sure no details have been overlooked. 38、想一夜成名的想法使许多青少年参加各种各样的电视竞赛。 ( overnight ) The idea that a person can become famous overnight / of becoming famous overnight makes many young people take part in various competitions on TV. 39、我们深受父母及师长之恩。（owe） We owe a great deal to our parents and teachers. 40、我们不能独立解决这个问题。(own) We can’t / couldn’t solve the problem on our own. 41、他在日日夜夜地干，因为他想拥有一间属于自己的房子。(own) He is working day and night because he wants to have a house of his own. 字母 P 1、我们只有通过努力才能跟上时代发展的步伐。（pace） Only by working hard can we keep pace with the development of the times. 2、她费了很大的劲把她的屋子保持干净。(pain) She took / went to great pains to keep / in keeping her house clean. 3、发展中国家在国际政治事务中发挥着重要作用。(part) The developing countries are playing / play an important part in the world political affairs. 4、对于自己学校里的各种事情，大多数同学在网上都参加过讨论。（participate） The majority of the students have participated in the discussion on the net about what
happened/ has happened / what is happening in their own school(s). 5、她把大部分收入都花在买衣服上，因为她对穿着很挑剔。(particular) She spends most of her income on clothes / (in) buying clothes, because she is very particular about what she wears. 6、古老的传统将一代代传下去。(pass) The old traditions will be passed down / on from generation to generation. 7、为了消磨时间，他去操场打网球。（pass） In order to pass the time, he went to the playground to play tennis. 8、我的母亲耳朵很背，我希望你能对她耐心点。（patient） My mother is rather / very deaf and I hope you will be patient with her. 9、一个星期后美国前总统将对中国进行非正式的访问。 ( pay ) The former U.S. president will pay an informal visit to China in a week. 10、假如你一意孤行，你将为此付出代价。 ( pay ) If you keep on like this, you will pay for what you have done. 11、为了偿还买房债务，这个青年人一天做两份工作。(pay) In order to pay off the debt on the flat, the young man does two jobs a day. 12、一些当地风俗成为这个国家不同地区的特色。( peculiar ) Some local customs are peculiar to different regions of the vast country. 13、地球表面百分之七十以上被水覆盖。(percent) More than 70 percent of the surface of the earth is covered by water. 14、假如天气好的话，足球比赛将在下星期三进行。(permit) Weather permitting, / If weather permits, the football match will be held next Wednesday. 15、为了完成这项任务，我们必须坚持不懈地克服困难。(persevere) We must persevere in overcoming difficulties in order to accomplish the task. 16、她坚持要将她所有的储蓄都送给残疾人。(persist) She persisted in giving all her savings to the disabled people. 17、她每次去超市总会被说服买许多她不需要的东西。(persuade) Every time she goes to the supermarket, she is always persuaded to buy / into buying a lot of things that she doesn’t need. 18、他在当工人时学到一些物理知识。(pick) While he was working as a worker, he picked up some knowledge of physics. 19、这里有几本杂志，你可以挑选出你所需要的。（pick） Here are some magazines; you may pick out the ones you want. 20、三天后是我父亲的生日，我打算去预定一个大蛋糕。(place v. ) It will be my father’s birthday in three days, and I am going to place an order for a big cake. 21、因为是用简易英语写的，这本书读起来很容易。(plain) Written in plain English, the book is easy to read. 22、无论天有多晚，工人们还是按计划完成了任务。（plan） However late it was, the workers finished the task as planned. 23、当他妈妈跟他谈话的时候，男孩一直摆弄着玩具车，这使他妈妈很生气。(play) The boy was always playing with a toy car when his mother was talking to him, which made his mother very angry. 24、毫无疑问，她总是渴望别人的讨好。(please v.) There is no doubt / No doubt that she is always eager to be pleased.
25、给他这么多钱毫无意义。(point n.) There’s little / no point (in) giving him so much money. 26、如果我们能在学校借到这本书，去上海图书馆还有什么意义呢？(point n.) What’s the point of going to the Shanghai Library if we can borrow the book in our library? 27、一些专家指出过度工作会带来很多问题。( point v.) Some experts pointed out that overwork would bring many problems. 28、流行音乐很受年轻人的喜爱，尤其是女孩。(popular) Pop music is very popular with young people, especially girls. 29、社会实践能让学生学到许多课本上学不到的知识。(possible) Social practice makes it possible for students to obtain knowledge they can’t learn from textbooks. / makes it possible that students can …. 30、显然，探险队欲在五周内完成航程是不可能的。 (possibility) Obviously, / It’s obvious that there’s no possibility that the exploring team will accomplish the voyage in / within five weeks. 31、一封航空信寄往美国邮资是多少？（postage） What’s the postage for an airmail letter to America? 32、让我们在获取更多的信息之后再作决定吧。(postpone) Let’s postpone making the / a decision after we get / gain / have more information. 33、我觉得不能在现在的岗位上发挥自己的全部潜力。 ( potential ) I don’t think I have achieved / realize my full potential in my present job / post / position. 34、这条河流受到严重污染的原因是那家化工厂大量排放废水。 ( pour ) He reason why the river is badly polluted is that the chemical factory has poured a great deal of waste water into it. 35、放学后，学生们涌出学校大门。(pour) The students poured out of the school gate after school. 36、现在最重要的是要把我们的计划付诸于实施。（practice） What is the most important is that we should put our plan into practice. 37、外国人常常对中国人给客人敬烟的做法感到好奇。(practice) Foreigners are always curious about the Chinese practice of offering cigarettes to guests. 38、在会上，许多外国领导人高度赞扬中国在最近几年里取得的伟大成就。（praise） At the meeting, many leaders of the foreign countries praised highly / sing high praise for the achievements which China had made in the past few years. 39、专家预测上海的二手房价格在未来几年将保持稳定。( predict) Experts have predicted / predict that the prices of second-hand houses will be /remain stable in the coming years. / in the next few years. 40、我宁可呆在家里，也不同你们一起去看音乐会。(prefer) I would prefer to stay at home rather than go to the concert with you. / I would prefer staying at home to going … 41、这次会议将使我们作好准备去克服学习中的困难。 ( prepare ) This meeting will prepare us for the difficulties we will meet in our studies. 42、我们必须为这次会议做好充分的准备。(preparation) We should make full preparations for the meeting. 43、她请求他们不要当着她的面讨论这个事情。（presence） She asked them not to discuss he matter in her presence.
44、当孩子们向他献花时，他激动得热泪盈眶。 ( present v. ) When the children presented flowers to him / presented him with flowers, he was so excited that tears came into his eyes. 45、大多数于会者认为这一提议不能被接受。(present adj .) The majority / Most of the people present at the meeting thought the proposal could not be accepted. 46、高三学生学习很艰苦，因为他们经受着学校老师和家长的巨大压力，要进一所理想的大 学。(pressure) Students of senior three are working so hard, because they are under a lot of pressure from school teachers and parents to go to an ideal college. 47、每次叫他干家务活，他总是假装在看书。(pretend) Every time he is asked to do some housework, he always pretends to be reading ( a book). 48、当他父亲走进他房间的时候，他假装已经睡着了。( pretend ) He pretended to have fallen asleep when his father came into his room. 49、他以自己的自控力而感到自豪。 ( pride ) He prides himself on his self-control. / He takes pride in his self-control. 50、原则上，我们同意你的意见。(principle) In principle, we agree with your opinion. 51、在学习过程中，大量的练习起着重要的作用。( process ) Plenty of practice plays an important role in the process of learning. 52、你的建议对我很有好处/使我受益匪浅。 (profit v.) I have profited a lot from / by your advice. 53、 在科学技术上我们虽然取得了很大进步， 但这只是万里长征走完了第一步。 ( progress ) Although we have made great progress in science and technology, yet this is only the first step in the long march. 54、毫无疑问，有关方面对正在建造中的隧道情况已作了报道。（progress） There is no doubt that reports have been given on the construction of the tunnel which is in progress. 55、老师指出，我们应该严禁学生抽烟喝酒。(prohibit) The teacher has pointed out that we should strictly prohibit students from smoking and drinking. 56、为了促销这种新的香波，他们决定半价销售一个月。( promote ) To promote this new kind of shampoo, they decided to sell it at half price for a month. 57、那位年轻人在一家大公司谋得一份有前途的工作，一年后被提升了。(promote) The young man got a promising job with a large company, and was promoted after a year. 58、许多专家提议应该对上海的高楼数量进行限制。(propose) Many experts propose that the number of high buildings in Shanghai should be limited. 59、在海滩上他戴着墨镜以保护眼睛不受太阳直射。(protect) On the beach he was wearing dark glasses to protect his eyes from the sun. 60、外边有一大群人集合反对战争。 ( protest ) There is a large crowd outside protesting against / making a protest against the war. 61、她儿子成了一名飞行员，为此她感到自豪。 ( proud ) Her son became a pilot, which she was / felt proud of. 62、知识来自于实践已被无数事实证明。(prove) That knowledge comes from practice has been proved by numerous facts.
63、随手关灯证明是一个切实可行的节点措施。(prove) Turning / Switching off (the ) light(s) when one leaves the room proves to be a practical / feasible way / means / measure to save electricity. 64、这家宾馆为客人提供可口的饭菜。(provide) The hotel provides guests with nice food. / provides nice food for guests. 65、如果我有幸得到一份好工作，我就能养活一家人。(provide) If I am lucky enough to get a good job, I will be able to provide for all the family / the whole family. 66、由于他们的粗鲁，妈妈惩罚了他们。 ( punish ) Their mother punished them for their rudeness. 67、为了安全起见，每一个乘客都必须将行李交警察检查。( purpose ) For the purpose of safety, every passenger has to have their luggage checked by the police. 68、不要过分责备他，他不是故意打碎它的。(purpose) Don’t blame him too much, for he didn’t break it on purpose. 69、你是否有追求梦想的勇气？( pursue) Do you have the courage to pursue your dream(s)? 70、有时候很难用文字来表达你所想的东西。 ( put …into ) Sometimes it’s very hard to put what you think into words. 71、不管天有多晚，他从不把今天必须做的事情拖到明天。( put) However late it is, he never puts off what he should / must do /what must be done till tomorrow. 72、成千上万的旅客被困在隧道里直至火被扑灭为止。（put） Thousands of passengers were trapped in the tunnel until the fire was put out. 73、如果他能忍受那里的条件，我们可以接受他为我们的队员。(put) If he can put up with the condition there, we can take him as our team member. 字母 Q 1、你当教师完全合格，但你要让校长先生知道你的能力所在。（qualify） You are well qualified as a teacher / to be a teacher, but you should show to Mr. Principal what you are capable of. 2、良好的外语和丰富的工作经验使他能胜任这个岗位。(qualify) A good command of English and rich working experience qualify / qualified him for the post. 3、他的技艺使他有资格担任这一工作。(qualify) His skills qualify him for the job / to do the job. 4、这个地区的经济发展很快，可是有些市民的素质不尽如人意。(quality) Although the economy in this area is developing very rapidly, the qualities of some citizens are still not satisfactory / far from satisfactory. 5、Mike 和他的妻子老是为家务和金钱争吵不休。(quarrel) Mike and his wife are always quarreling with each other about housework and money. 6、正被人们议论的那本书在书店能够买到。( question ) The book in question is available in a bookstore. 7、我们提前完成任务是不可能的。(question) It is out of the question for us to finish the task ahead of time. 8、你是否可以重复一遍你刚才引用的鲁迅的话？(quote) Could you please repeat the words which you quoted from Lu Xun?
字母 R 1、为救助地震灾民募捐到了一大笔钱。(raise) A large amount of money was raised to provide relief for the victims of the earthquake. 2、在嘈杂的教室里我不得不提高嗓门使自己的话让别人听见。(raise) I had to raise my voice in order to make myself heard in the noisy classroom. 3、参加比赛的孩子的年龄在 10-15 岁之间。(range) The children who took part in the competition ranged in age from 10 to 15. / The ages of the children who took part in the competition ranged from 10 to 15. 4、中国人的绿茶消耗量列世界第一位。 ( rank v.) The amount of green tea consumed by the Chinese ranks first in the world. 5、我宁可外出旅游而不愿呆在家里。（rather） I would rather travel / go travelling than stay at home. / I prefer to travel / go travelling rather than stay at home. 6、这瓶子在他伸手可及的距离以内。 (reach n.) The bottle was within his reach. 7、遇到意想不到的情况时，缺乏勇气会使你做出不恰当的反应。(react) When you meet with an unexpected situation, lack of courage will make you react improperly. 8、虽然他没有表达出来，但我还是看得出他想什么。(read) Although he did not express them, I could read his thoughts. / mind. 9、我完全有理由拒绝帮助他。（reason） I have / had every reason to refuse to help him. 10、警察尽一切可能让这个唯一的目击者回忆谋杀案的细节。 ( recall ) The police tried everything they could to make the only witness recall the details of the murder. 11、我的演讲反响很好。（ receive ） My speech was very well received. 12、辅导员意外地向他推荐他很长时间一直寻找的工作。(recommend) Unexpectedly the instructor recommended him the job he had long been searching for / seeking. 13、她很快康复了，并且她的疾病也不会再传播给其他家庭成员了。 ( recover ) She soon recovered and the disease would not be passed on to any other family member any longer. 14、人们很难想象像他这样一个很体面的公司高级行政人员是如何突然间就沦落为阶下囚 的。(reduce) Hardly can people imagine how a decent senior executive of a company like him can be reduced to a prisoner overnight. 15、在准备演讲稿时，我不时地参阅论述环境问题的著作。( refer ) When preparing my speech/ lecture, I referred to the works on environmental problems at times / from time to time. 16、你知道老师在讲课中提到的那些小说和他们的作者吗？(refer) Do you know those novels and their authors that the teacher referred to in his lecture? 17、客观考试主要指的是选择题，它的优点是公正。 ( refer ) An objective test mainly refers to multiple choices and its advantage is its fairness. 18、我所持的观点仅供你参考。(reference) The point of view I hold is for your reference only.
19、学生应该学会经常反思自己的学习。(reflect) Students should learn to reflect on their studies often. 20、他的小说反映他当时的思想是很保守的。 ( reflect ) His novels reflected that his thoughts were very conservative at that time. 21、他不顾他人善意的建议，仍坚持做没有价值的实验。(regardless) Regardless of others’ kind advice, he persisted in / insisted on making experiments which were of no value. / meaningless / useless / valueless/ worthless experiments. 22、我很遗憾地告诉你，他的康复是不可能的。(regret) I regret to tell you that there is no possibility of his recovery. / it is impossible for him to recover. 23、大多数医生认为这种疾病与日常饮食有关。(relate) Most doctors think this disease is related to our daily diet. 24、你可以在周末去短途旅游来放松一下自己。(relax) You may / can make / go on a short trip at weekends to relax yourself. 25、这件事终于成功地解决了，使我们感到非常宽慰。(relief) Much to our relief, / To our great relief, the matter has been successfully solved at last. 26、医生向他保证这个药能缓解他的疼痛。(relieve) The doctor assured him that the medicine would relieve him of pain. 27、在寒冷冬天的早晨，孩子们通常很不愿意从床上爬起来。(reluctant) On cold winter mornings, children are usually reluctant to get out of bed. 28、尽管她年纪大了，但她的思想仍然很活跃。（remain） Although she is old / Old as she is, she remains active. 29、要使我们城市的天更蓝、水更清，还有大量工作得做。 (remain) A lot has to be done to make the sky clearer and the water cleaner. 30、我忍不住对他的新书作一些评论。(remark) I can’t / couldn’t helping remarking on / upon / making a few remarks on his new book. 31、请代我向你父母问好。（remember） Please remember me to your parents. 32、我记得我很小的时候被人带到这里来过。(remember) I remember being taken here when I was a very small child. 33、你刚才讲的这个故事使我想起了我曾经历过的事情。(remind) The story you told just now reminded me of the experiences I once had. / one of my experiences. 34、饮用水中的有害成分必须清除。(remove) The poisonous elements in the drinking water must be removed. 35、你的一番话消除了我对他的怀疑。(remove) Your words have removed my doubts about him. 36、一位新老师将代替我教你们生物课。(replace) A new teacher is going to replace me to teach you biology. 37、在日本，要求中学生毕业前学 6 年英语。(require) In Japan, secondary students are required to take six years of English before graduation. 38、在大多数国家，都要求驾驶员系上安全带。(require) In most countries, drivers are required to fasten / wear their seat belt by the law. In most countries, the law requires drivers to fasten their seat belt. In most countries, the law requires that drivers (should) wear their seat belt. 39、当我们被困在一个孤岛上时，一个营救对很快前来营救我们。(rescue n.)
When we were stranded on a lonely island, a rescue team came / went to our rescue quickly. 40、她在许多方面跟她姐姐很相似。（resemble） She resembles her sister in many ways. 41、在这家大商店力里，我抵挡不住购物的诱惑。(resist) I couldn’t resist the temptation to buy things / shop in such a big shop. 42、昨天他买了个防水的手表。(resistant) Yesterday he bought a watch which is resistant to water. 43、他对你说的反应如何？(respond) How did he respond to what you said? 44、你必须对造成这起交通事故的全部后果负责。(responsibility) You must take the whole responsibility for all the consequences of this traffic accident. 45、任何的人都要对自己的所作所为负责。（responsible） Anyone should be responsible for all that he does / has done. 46、由于昨晚从自行车上摔下来，他不能去上学了。(result n.) He can’t go to school as a result of a fall off his bike last night. / He fell off his bike last night. As a result, he can’t go to school. 47、许多人指责小李，因为他的粗心导致这次实验的失败。(result v.) Many people scolded Xiao Li because his carelessness resulted in the failure of the experiment. 48、他爷爷退休十年了。(retire) His grandfather has been retired for ten years. 49、作为交换，店主一周付给他 25 美圆。 ( return ) The shop owner paid him 25 dollars a week in return. 50、那男孩帮他把狗找回来，他奖励他 10 美圆。(reward) He rewarded the boy with $10 for bringing his dog back. 51、尽管鸡蛋富有营养，但你不能用两只鸡蛋代替一顿营养均衡的早饭。( rich ) Though eggs are rich in nutrition, you can’t substitute two eggs for a balanced breakfast. 52、她花钱如流水，这就引起人们怀疑她的诚实。 ( rise n. ) She spent money like water, which gave rise to suspicion about her honesty. 53、他在冒生命危险。我们必须尽力阻止他。 ( risk v. ) He is risking his life. We must try to stop him. 54、如果你不想冒迷路的风险，你应该带张地图。(risk n.) If you don’t want to run / take the risk of losing your / the way, you should take a map with you. 55、容易生气的人会增加患心脏病隐患。(risk n.) People who easily get angry will increase their risk of heart attacks. 56、目前，家长对孩子要求过高，结果孩子们被剥夺了幸福童年。(rob) Nowadays, parents expect too much of their children. As a result, children are robbed of their happy childhood. 57、能否解释一下你为什么连续输 5 场比赛？(row) Can you explain why you lost five games in a row? 58、他们每天饭后散步，已形成了规律。（rule） They have made it a rule to go for a walk after dinner every day. 59、很少有人注意到地球上的自然资源正在迅速耗尽。 ( run out ) Few people have noticed that the natural resources on the earth are rapidly running out. 60、这孩子伤得很厉害，必须立即送往最近的医院。(rush)
The boy is badly injured and must be rushed to the nearest hospital. 字母 S 1、为了安全起见，请你系上安全带。(sake) For the sake of safety, please fasten your safety belt. 2、报上登出广告，有许多小商店要出让。 ( for sale ) The newspaper advertises many small businesses for sale. 3、医生挨家挨户上门巡访，省去了许多老年人去医院的麻烦。(save) Doctors’ door-to-door visits save many old people’s trouble of going to hospital. 4、在全球范围内，70%的能量产生自矿物燃料。(scale) On a global scale, 70% of the energy is created from fossil fuel. 5、他刚一进屋，电话就响了。(scarcely) Scarcely had he entered the room when the telephone rang. 6、虽然他是个小孩，他设法当场抓住了小偷。(scene) Child as he was, he managed to seize the thief on the scene. 7、因为恶劣的天气，飞机晚一小时到达伦敦。 ( schedule n.) The plane arrived in London an hour behind schedule because of the bad weather. 8、总统预计上午十点到达。( schedule v.) The president was scheduled to arrive at ten o’clock this morning. 9、她跑回办公室去找丢失的手表，但是无处可寻。 ( search n.) She ran back to the office in search of the lost watch, but it was nowhere to be found. 10、警察搜查那栋房屋，寻找被偷的宝石。 ( search) The police searched the house for the stolen jewelry. 11、在英语方面，Mary 仅次于 Jane。(second) In English, Mary is second only to Jane. 12、他答应我不把这件事情说出去。（secret） He promised me that he would keep it (a) secret. 13、他似乎是这个职位的最佳人选，我们没有理由将他们拒之门外。(seem) He seems to be the right person for this position, so / and we have no reason to refuse him / turn him down. / It seems that he …. 14、你要留意一下那扇玻璃碎了的窗户。( see to ) See to that broken window. 15、请务必保证你走的时候所有的窗户都关好了。(see) Please see to it that all the windows are closed when you leave. 16、她很少购买昂贵的衣服。（Seldom） Seldom does she buy expensive clothes. 17、这类书销路很好。(sell) This kind of books sells well. / Books of this kind sell well. 18、那套中华人民共和国建国五十周年的邮票发行五天就售完了。 ( sell ) The set of stamps of the 50th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China (was ) sold out five days after it was issued. 19、这孩子病得很严重，我们必须马上派人去请医生。（send） The child is seriously ill and we must send for a doctor at once. 20、虽然他年轻，但他职位比我高。（senior）
He is senior to me although he is younger. 21、考试作弊是没有意思的。(sense n.) There is no sense (in) cheating in an / the exam. 22、如果人人具备保护环境的意识，我们的地球将变得更美好。（sense） If everyone has a sense of protecting the environment, our earth will become more beautiful. 23、你觉得年轻人借钱买车是否明智？ ( sensible ) Do you think / find it sensible for young people to borrow money to buy cars? 24、这猎人的耳朵对树林里的任何特别的声音都十分敏感。(sensitive) The hunter’s ears are highly sensitive to any unusual sound in the woods. 25、那两个抢银行的罪犯据说已被判处死刑。(sentence v.) The two criminals who robbed a bank are said to have been sentenced to death. 26、老板叫那个店员把好的苹果与坏的苹果分开。(separate) The boss asked the shop assistant to separate the good apples from the bad ones. 27、令人恼火的是，他把我的话当耳边风。(seriously) To my annoyance, he didn’t take what I had said seriously. 28、他不刻苦训练，所以他输了比赛，他活该。(serve) He didn’t train hard, so he lost the game. It served him right. 29、许多大学生自愿充当国际会议的口译员。(serve) Many college students volunteered to serve as interprets for the international conferences. 30、这条高速公路有助于加强两座城市的联系。 ( serve ) The highway serves to strengthen the link between the two cities. 31、你最好留出一点钱，以备你儿子的教育。(set) You’d better set aside some money for the education of your son. 32、一下车他们就开始探讨解决问题的更好方法。(set) They set out to explore better ways of solving the problems as soon as they got off the bus. 33、退休以后他回到家乡，在他出生的村子里安居下来。(settle) After he retired, he returned to his hometown and settled down in the village where he was born. 34、每当我陷入困境时，我没法静下心来学习。 ( settle ) Whenever I get into trouble, I can’t settle down to my study. 35、别对孩子们太严厉了，即便他们非常顽皮。(severe) Don’t be too severe on the children, even if they are naughty. 36、我劝他不能老是生活在上次失败的阴影中。(shadow) I advised him not to live in the shadow of the last failure. 37、到去年年底，新办公大楼已初步建成。(shape n.) The new office building had taken shape by the end of last year. 38、和你谈话是一件乐事，因为我们常持有同样的观点。 ( share ) It’s a pleasure to talk with you as we often share the same views. 39、如果你不介意，我们可以合用一把伞。(share) If you don’t mind, we can share the / an umbrella. 40、朋友因该是无论发生什么，有能与你同甘共苦的人。（share） A friend is a person who can share your joys and sorrows / comforts and hardships / happiness and sadness, whatever happens. 41、我们现在所缺的不是钱而是时间。(short)
What we are short of is not money but time. 42、我们有理由相信，我们的教育还未达到我们所希望的那样。（short） We have reason to believe that our education falls short of what we wish it to be. 43、请记住：学习上没有捷径可走。(shortcut) Please keep it in mind that there is no shortcut in study. 44、依我看，他不是一个目光短浅的人。（shortsighted） In my opinion, he is not a short-sighted person. 45、他总是炫耀他的新车。(show ) He’s always showing off his new car. 46、乍一看，他们的要求是合情合理的。(sight) At first sight, their demands were reasonable. 47、看到爷爷遭受病痛使他下决心成为一名医生。( the sight of ) The sight of what his grandfather suffered from illness made him determine to become a doctor. 48、我们有多少人将报名参加下周学校的运动会？(sign) How many of us will sign up for the school sports meet to be held next week? 49、我的靴子和袜子的颜色和她的相似。(similar) The colour of my boots and socks is similar to that of hers. 50、她用心地听，不想漏掉一个字。(single) She listened attentively / carefully, not wanting to miss a single word. / She listened … because not a single word did she want to miss. 51、这座新的体育馆坐落于城市的东端。(situate) This new gymnasium is situated at the east end of the city. 52、人的一生不可能总是一帆风顺，我们要以积极的态度面对生活中的困难。(smooth) Our life cannot always be smooth, so we should face the difficulties with a positive attitude. 53、英语中的成语、俚语和谚语是如此之难，以至于我们常常感到困惑。(So) So difficult are the idioms, slangs and proverbs in English that we often get confused. 54、我会把这些花放在阴凉的地方，这样花就不会在太阳下枯萎。 ( so that ) I’ll keep these flowers in the shade, so that they don’t die in the sun / the sun doesn’t burn them. 55、他有点演员的天赋。（something） He is something of an actor. 56、毫无疑问，钱很重要，但不是一切。(something) There is no doubt that money is something, but not everything. 57、总的说来，这个故事写得很好，但结尾部分有些令人失望。( sort of ) On the whole, the story is well written, but the ending is sort of disappointing. 48、我们应该全心全意为人民服务。(soul) We should serve the people heart and soul. 59、你的建议听起来合理，但是能否付诸实施是一个问题。 ( sound ) Your suggestion sounds reasonable, but whether it can be put into practice is still a question. 60、他很忙，可能腾不出时间来参加明天的讨论了。(spare) He is so busy that he might not be able to spare the time to participate in the discussion tomorrow. 61、根据学校的要求，每个学生都必须主修三门学科。(specialize) According to the requirements of the school, every student has to specialize in three subjects. 62、老师们兴致勃勃地看完了学生的表演。(spirit)
The teachers enjoyed all the performances of the students in high spirits. 63、尽管困难重重，我们仍决心执行我们的计划。(spite) In spite of all the difficulties, we are determined to carry out our plan. 64、天气不好，破坏了我们的露营计划。 ( spoil ) Our camping trip was spoilt by the bad weather. 65、这次比赛将由我父亲工作的那个公司赞助。（sponsor） The competition will be sponsored by the company in which my father is working. 66、疾病正在流行，所有的幼儿都有危险。(spread v.) The disease is spreading, and all young children are at risk. 67、一个怪念头突然浮现在我脑海。(spring up) A strange idea sprang up in my mind. 68、众所周知，WTO 代表世界贸易组织。(stand) It’s known to all that WTO stands for the World Trade Organization. 69、那两个卫兵一动不动地站在大楼前，除了眼球在不时地动。 ( stand ) The two guards stood still in front of the building, except that their eye-balls were moving now and then. 70、她很孤独, 渴望陪伴。 (starve) She’s lonely, and starving for companionship 71、有消息说有一支士兵驻扎在那个四面环山的村子里。(station v.) Word came that a troop of soldiers were stationed in the village surrounded by mountains. 72、我们熬夜到了半夜，一直在谈论我们的工作。（stay） We stayed up until midnight, talking about our work. 73、如果你能坚持定期复习课堂里所学的内容，你就一定会成功。 ( stick ) If you stick to reviewing regularly what you have learned in class, you will certainly succeed. 74、史密斯夫妇做了能做的一切去激励儿子努力学习，但未能奏效。( stimulate) Mr. and Mrs. Smith did everything they could to stimulate their son to study hard, but failed. 75、人人都要用丰富的知识来充实自己的头脑，这样才能跟上社会发展。 ( stock ) Everybody has to stock his mind with much knowledge so that he can keep up with the development of society. 76、春节将近，有这么多人购买烟花以至于许多店都断货了。 ( stock ) The Spring Festival is drawing near. So many people have gone to buy the fireworks that many stores are now out of stock. 77、许多重要的信息被储存在计算机里。(store v.) A lot of important information in stored in computers. 78、他们被困在一个孤岛上，但幸运的是，一个援救队很快来营救他们。(strand) They were stranded on a lonely island. But they were lucky because a rescue team came / went to their rescue quickly. 79、他凡事都严格要求他自己。（strict） He is strict with himself in everything. 80、我突然想到我们通过求助于那个律师解决这个问题。(strike) It suddenly struck me that we could solve the problem by turning to that lawyer. 81、我第一次来到杭州时，被西湖的美景所打动。(strike) The first time I went to Hangzhou, I was struck by the beauty of the West Lake. 82、他总是尽力完成布置给他的任务。 (strive)
He always strives to finish the tasks assigned to him. 83、由于李老师病了，今天张老师代她的课。（substitute） As Ms. Li is ill, Ms Zhang will substitute for her. 84、在过去几年里，这家工厂用塑料代替木头来降低成本。(substitute) In the past few years, the factory has substituted plastics for wood to reduce the costs. 85、突然，灯灭了。 ( sudden ) All of a sudden, the light went out. 86、手术是治疗心脏病患者的有效方法之一。(suffer) Operation is one of the most effective ways to treat patients suffering from heart trouble. 87、那些遭受地震的人蒙受了很大的损失。（suffer） Those who suffered from the earthquake suffered a great loss. 88、他脸上的表情表明他对考试结果非常担心。(suggest) The look on his face suggested that he was very worried about the result of the examination. 89、医生建议学生听音乐来减缓压力。(suggest) Doctors suggest students listening to ( some ) music (so as / in order ) to relieve / reduce their pressure / stress. / Doctors suggest students relieving / reducing their pressure / stress by listening to ( some ) music). 90、一个没有受过良好训练的人是不适合当侦探的。(suitable) A man who hasn’t been properly / well trained is not suitable for the job of a detective. 91、在经验方面，他比他同事更胜一筹。(superior) In experience, he is superior to his colleagues. / He is superior to his colleagues in experience. 92、这个电站一旦建成，将向附近的城乡供电。(supply) Once (it is) completed, the power station will supply the nearby cities and villages with electricity. 93、飞机起飞时，乘客们应该关掉手机。(suppose) Passengers are supposed to turn off their mobile phones when a plane is taking off. 94、通过读英文小说，你肯定会增加词汇量。（sure） By reading English novels, you are sure to get a larger vocabulary. 95、在比赛前请先确认是否已经进行了适当的热身运动。 ( sure ) Please make sure that you have done proper warming up exercises before the game. 96、使我惊讶的是他没有通过这次考试。(surprise) What surprised me was that he didn’t pass the exam. / What made me surprised was that … / To my surprise, he didn’t … 97、令人欣慰的是许多人在地震中幸存下来。(survive) To our relief, many people survived the earthquake. 98、如果你怀疑有煤气泄露，请不要开灯。(suspect) If you suspect a gas leak, don’t turn on an electric light. 99、当我看到那些饥饿的孩子时，不免对他们产生同情。（sympathy） When I saw those hungry children, I couldn’t help feeling sympathy for them. 字母 T 1、飞机起飞前所有的旅客都必须系好安全带。 ( take ) Before the plane takes off, all the passengers should have their seatbelts fastened. 2、假如你想从事这项工作，你必须先接受三个月的训练。（take） If you take up this job, you should first be trained for three months.
3、当学生们挂上气球和彩带后, 教室里呈现一片节日的气氛. (take ) After student hung balloons and colorful ribbons, the classroom took on a holiday atmosphere. 4、我们惊异地看到我国西部正在发生的巨大变化。 ( take ) We are surprised to see great changes taking place in the west part of our country. 5、周末和全国性假日几乎占据了一年的三分之一时间。(take) Weekends and national holidays take up nearly / almost one / a third of a year. 6、一见到她我就喜欢上她。(take) I took to her the moment I met her. 7、她有音乐天赋。(talent) She has a talent for music. 8、说起中国，大多数外国人想到的是长城。(talk) Talking of China, most foreigners will think of the Great Wall. 9、虽然快餐在中国受到欢迎，但并不合每个人的口味。 ( taste n.) Though fast food is gaining popularity in China, it is not to everyone’s taste. 10、那事故给我的教训永远不会忘记。(teach） The accident taught me a lesson I will never forget. 11、他足够成熟，能明辨是非了。(tell) He is mature enough to tell right from wrong. 12、她对一位顾客发了脾气，冲着人家大喊大叫。（temper） She lost her temper with a customer and shouted at him. 13、护士给病人量了体温。(temperature) The nurse took the patient’s temperature. 14、他交友不慎，被朋友引诱去偷东西。(tempt) He was not careful when /in making friends, and was tempted to steal / into stealing. 15、体育馆在六点左右的时候往往会比较拥挤。 ( tend ) The gym tends to get very crowded at around six o’clock. 16、这个小女孩从小就显示出对音乐的偏爱。 ( tendency ) The little girl showed musical tendencies from an early age. 17、就薪金而言，这个工作倒是挺不错的，但也有一些不利之处。(terms) The job is great in terms of salary, but it has its disadvantages. 18、测试一下她的奥运会知识，你就会发现她对体育一窍不通。(test) Test on her knowledge of the Olympic Games, and you will find her ignorance of sports. / and you will find that she knows little about sports. 19、除了在家等通知，我别无选择。（than） I had no choice other than to stay at home to wait for the notice. 20、对学历史的学生来说，故宫远远不只是一个旅游胜地。(than) To the students majoring in history, the Palace Museum is far more than a place of interest / a tourist attraction. 21、他与其让蔬菜坏掉，还不如半价把它们卖掉了。(than) Rather than allow the vegetables to go bad, he sold them at half price. 22、多亏电视台的帮助，这对夫妻终于找到了失散多年的儿子。(thanks) Thanks to the help / assistance of the TV station, this couple finally found their missing son after many years. 23、谢谢你为我们提供了这么多有用的建议。(Thank)
Thank you for providing us with so many constructive / useful / practical suggestions. 24、我想知道他是否能跳这么高。 ( that ) I wonder if he can jump that high. 25、你认为哪一支球队会赢得这场比赛？ ( think ) Which team do you think will win the game? 26、你真是想得太周到了，为我们安排了一间装有空调的房间。(thoughtful) It is really considerate / thoughtful of you to have arranged a room equipped with an air-conditioner for us. 27、许多稀有物种正面临灭绝的威胁。(threaten) Many rare species are threatened with extinction. 28、许多家长开始明白了孩子们通过玩耍可以学到许多书本上学不到的东西。 ( through ) Many parents are beginning to understand children can learn what they can’t learn from books. 29、他卖了他的表，这样就有了足够的钱给她买礼物了。(thus) He told his watch, thus having enough money to buy a present for her. 30、John 聪明但懒惰，这是他第三次考试不及格了。(time) John is smart/ clever / intelligent but lazy, and this is the third time that he has failed in the exams. 31、我第一次写英语作文时，犯了很多语法错误。(time) The first time I wrote an English composition / a composition in English, I made a lot of grammar mistakes. 32、当他在谈话时，我们不时地点头表示同意。(time) When he talked, we nodded our heads from time to time to express our approval. 33、你该作出决定了：是否真的要弃医从文。(time) It is high time you made a / your decision whether really to give up medicine to take up arts. 34、他踮着脚尖走进房间，惟恐吵醒睡着的孩子。（tiptoe） He tiptoed into the room / went into the room on tiptoe, afraid of wakening the child who was asleep. 35、当他获悉赢得头奖时，他欣喜若狂。(top) He felt on top of the world when he learned that he had won the first prize. 36、车上的学生都大声唱起那首流行歌曲。(top) All the students on the bus began to sing the pop song at the top of their voices/ lungs. 37、你还和 Mary 保持联系吗？(touch n.) Are you still in touch with Mary/ Do you still keep in touch with Mary? 38、在讨论会上，我们谈及如何改善我们教学环境的问题。 ( touch v.) At the discussion, we touched on the issue of how to improve our teaching condition. 39、了解这个城市的最好办法是在这个城市到处看看。 ( tour v.) The best way of knowing the city is to tour in the city. 40、我们浏览了希腊岛。(tour n.) I made / took a tour around / of the Greek islands. 41、他们追踪那只狼一直到它的巢穴。 ( track v.) They tracked the wolf to its hiding-place. 42、我一点儿说不出现在是什么时间。（track n.） I have lost all track of time. 43、国际贸易指的是一个国家用它所有的去换它没有的。(trade v.)
International trade means a country trades what it has for what it doesn’t have. 44、训练老师怎样利用计算机。（train v.） The teachers are trained to use the computer. 45、那幢大楼里的电梯突然出故障，有三人被关了一刻钟。(trap) The lift in the building was out of order suddenly and three people were trapped in it for a quarter of an hour. 46、我反对被当作小孩子对待。(treat) I object to being treated as a child. 47、我答应请他吃晚饭。（treat） I promised to treat him to dinner. 48、当老师意识到他的学生作弄了他，他很生气。(trick n.) When the teacher realized that his students had played a trick on him, he was / got very angry. 49、他毫无困难地解出了这些物理题目。（trouble n.） He had no trouble in working out the problems in physics. 50、他学习英语有些困难。（trouble n.） He has some trouble with his English. 51、他费了很大的劲帮助我解决了这个复杂的问题。(trouble n.) He took great trouble to help me solve the complicated problem. 52、他想当医生的理想终于实现了。(true ) His dream of becoming a doctor has come true at last. 53、我们不应该为失败而惭愧，对于贫穷也一样。(true) We should not be ashamed of defeats, and the same is true of poverty. 54、你怎么还没有交报告啊？（turn v.） Why haven’t you turned in your report yet? 55、 在 20 世纪与 21 世纪相交时， 北京被国际奥委会推选为 2008 年奥运会的主办城市。 (turn n.) At the turn of the 21st century, Beijing was selected by the International Olympic Committee as the host city for the 2008 Olympics. 56、他对医生的建议置若罔闻，以至于每天清晨他咳嗽不止。(turn v.) He turns a deal ear to / close / shut his ears to the doctor’s advice so that he keeps coughing early in the morning. 57、她最终拒绝了去当秘书。(turn v.) Finally she turned down the job of being a secretary. 58、我们安排好在火车站见面，但她没有来。 (turn v.) We arranged to meet at the railway station, but she didn’t turn up. 59、结果证明大学生所做工作很艰难，但是值得做。（turn v.） The job the college students have done turns out to be difficult yet rewarding. / It turns out that the job the college students have done is difficult yet rewarding. 字母 U 1、 作为一座历史文化名城， 上海以她独特的风韵吸引了数以百万计的海内外游客。 ( unique ) As a historic and cultural city, Shanghai attracts millions of tourists from home and abroad with its unique charm. 2、你已经耽误了整整一周，如果你不更加努力的话，就赶不上其他同学了。(unless)
You’ve missed a whole week. You are unable to catch up with others unless you work harder. 3、直到突然见到了她一直梦寐以求的那种效果，这位女校长才感到满意。 ( until ) Not until she suddenly saw the exact effect she had been dreaming of was the headmistress satisfied. 4、这个周末可以去野餐，也可以去钓鱼，由你决定。(up) It is up to you to decide whether to go for a picnic or go fishing this weekend. 5、我力劝他留下，但他拒绝了。（urge） I urged him to stay, but he refused. 6、我们五年前购买的那些二手汽车目前还在使用。(use n.) Those second-handed cars we bought five years ago are still in use. 7、既然犯了如此严重的错误，你再怎样找理由也没有用。(use n.) Since / Now that you have made such a serious mistake, it’s no use finding any excuses for yourself. 字母 V 1、包机最划算。( value n.) Charter flights give the best value for money. 2、人生短暂，我们每个人都应该懂得珍惜我们所拥有的一切。( value v.) Life is short; every one of us should know how to value what we have now. 3、我认为他说的话并不重要。(value n.) I don't put much value on what he says. 4、在业余时间里他喜欢读各种书籍。(variety) He likes reading a variety of books in his spare time. 5、我认为交友的原则每个人都不同。(vary) In my opinion, the principle of making friends varies from person to person. 6、由于天气的缘故，这项赛事将在室内进行。(view) In view of the weather, the event will be held indoors. 7、我认为这本书里说的不都是正确的。(view) I hold the view that not all that the book says is correct. / that all that the book says is not correct. 8、要读英文报纸就需要很多的词汇量。(vocabulary) In order to read English newspapers, we need a large vocabulary. 9、如今，许多有志青年自愿到贫困地区工作。(volunteer) Nowadays many ambitious young people volunteer to work in the poverty-stricken / poor areas. 10、你投了他的赞成票还是反对票？(vote v.) Did you vote for or against him? 字母 W 1、玲玲一到家就迫不及待地告诉妈妈她受到老师表扬了。 ( wait ) Lingling had no sooner got home than she couldn't wait to tell her mother that she had been praised by the /her teacher. 2、各行各业的人都来听他的演讲。（walk n. ） People from all walks of life came to hear him speak. 3、你要这封信立刻寄吗？(want )
Do you want the letter (to be) posted right now? 4、警方提醒：不要把个人的信息泄露给陌生人。 ( warn ) The police warn that personal information mustn't be revealed to strangers.(或 The police warn us not to reveal our personal information to strangers.) 5、她花了冤枉钱，买了她并不需要的东西。(waste v.) She (has) wasted money on things that she doesn’t need. 6、不要浪费时间去听他的愚蠢想法。(waste v.) Don’t waste your time (in) listening to his silly / foolish / stupid ideas. 7、我觉得买这么多时髦衣服是浪费时间和金钱。(waste n.) I think buying so many fashionable clothes is a waste of time and money. / I think it a waste of time and money to buy so …. 8、他挥手向妈妈告别，眼里满含泪水。(wave) He waved goodbye to his mother with tears in his eyes. 9、一个新的购物中心正在建造中，一个月后将完成。(way) The construction of a new shopping centre is under way and will be completed in a month. 10、如果你不喜欢你们老师授课的方式，你可以给他们提些改进的建议。(way) If you don’t like the way your teachers teach, you can give them some suggestions for improvement. 11、新任经理为这项工作带来了丰富的经验。（wealth） The new manager brings a great wealth of experience to the job. 12、听说有的小学生的书包重达 10 公斤。(weigh) It is said that some primary school pupils’ school bags weigh as much as ten kilograms. 13、以少吃一顿饭的想法是够愚蠢的。 ( weight ) Obviously, it’s foolish enough to hold the idea of missing / skipping a meal to lose weight. / Obviously, the idea of skipping a meal to lose weight is foolish. 14、你可以随时用我的车。(welcome) You are welcome to use / to the use of my car any time. 15、让我们感动的是很多人为事故中的受害者伸出了援助之手。(What) What moved / touched /struck us was that many people lent / gave a (helping) hand to the victims of / in the accident. / What moved / touched / struck us was that many people offered to help the victims in the accident. 16、他出生在现在被人们称为“人间天堂”的杭州。(what) He was born in what is now called “Paradise on earth”, Hangzhou. 17、简直难以置信，世界上竟有如此过目不忘的人。(whatever) It’s hard to believe that there should be such people in the world who will not forget whatever they have seen for only once. 18、英国博物馆有着悠久的历史，那儿有着许多艺术收藏品。(where) The British Museum has a long history, where there are a lot of collections of art. 19、有年轻人的地方，就有更多的活力和希望。(Where) Where there are young people, there are more energy / vigour and hopes. 20、他走到哪里，都带着数码相机。(wherever) He takes his digital camera with him wherever he goes. 21、他低声告诉我小李已被选为去澳大利亚的交流学生。(whisper) He whispered to me that Xiao Li had been chosen to go to Australia as an exchange student. /
chosen as an exchange student to Australia./ He told me in a whisper that … 22、总的说来，这项建议是可以接受的。(whole) On the whole, this suggestion is acceptable. 23、这条新建的公路大约有 50 米宽。(wide) This newly-built highway is about 50 metres wide / in width. 24、老师宣布下星期去春游，这使全班学生欣喜若狂。 ( wild ) The teacher announced that the students would go spring-outing the next week, which made the whole class wild with joy. 25、我被迫违心地签了这份协议。（will n.） I was forced to sign the agreement against my will. 26、我感谢各位嘉宾的光临，并祝各位身体健康、万事如意！（wish） I’d like to thank you for your presence at the party, and wish everyone good health and the very best of luck in everything. 27、有了一份奖学金，他就可以去美国攻读博士学位了。 ( with ) With a scholarship he will be able to go to the United States to study for his doctor’s degree. 28、他用口袋里仅剩的十元钱买了这张电影票。 ( with ) He bought a cinema ticket / a ticket / a ticket for the / a film with only ten yuan left in his pocket. / with the remaining ten yuan in his pocket. 29、有许多工作没做完，我不能去休假/(with) I can’t afford a holiday with so much work unfinished. 30、百货公司很近，步行可到。(within) The department store is within walking distance. 31、我们这一代人见证了中华民族的崛起。（witness v.） People of our generation (have) witnessed the rise of the Chinese nation. 32、消息传来说他们足球队赢了这场比赛。(word) Word came that their football team had won the match. 33、既然你答应过要带孩子们看电影，那就要说话算话。(word) You must keep your word since you have promised to take the children to the cinema / movies / see a film. 34、我还没做出这道题目，但我正在做。（work） I haven’t worked out the problem, but I’m still working on it. 35、你认为这本书非常值得读吗？(worth) Do you think the book is well worth reading? 36、你觉得这么费力值得吗？( worthwhile) Do you think it worthwhile taking so much trouble? / to take so much trouble? 37、我认为这个地方值得参观。(worthy) I think this place is worthy of being visited / a visit / to be visited. 38、那个用报纸包的瓶子里碰巧有治疗咳嗽的药。(wrap v.) There happened to be some medicine for cough in the bottle wrapped in a newspaper. 39、她用包装纸把礼物包了起来。（wrap v.） She wrapped the gift in wrapping paper. / She wrapped wrapping paper around the gift.