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colonial period(American literature)

时间:2011-12-29


Selected Readings in American Literature (Fall 2011)
Instructor: Cai Hecun Mobile: 13110809938 Email: hc_cai@126.com

Do you know them?

Nobel Prize Winners

Sinclair Louis Pearl S Buck T S Eliot

William Faulkner

Ernest Hemingway

Issac B Singer John Steinbeck

Requirements
? Preview ? Performance:

Quizzes/ Class discussions/

Recitation/ Translation… ? Mid-term paper

Grading
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Attendance 10% ? Performance (Including: quizzes/ discussions/ mid-term paper … ) 20% ? Final Exam 70% ? (Attention: Class attendance are mandatory. Absences will be reflected in grade. If you miss one class, 1 point is deducted from your final grade. If you have 5 unexcused absences, you will fail the course.)

Exam Format
? Blank

filling 30% ? Multiple choice 20% ? Enumeration 9% ? Defining literary terms 10% ? Identifying the fragments 31% ? Model Exam

Weekly Schedule (Subject to slight alternations) ? 1st Week: Literature of American Nationalist// Benjamin Franklin ? 2nd Week: Benjamin Franklin: Autobiography ? 3rd Week: Romanticism// Edgar Allan Poe ? 4th Week: Edgar Allan Poe: The Cask of Amontillado ? 5th Week:Ralph Waldo Emerson: Self-Reliance ? 6th Week: Film- The Scarlet Letter

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7th Week: Nathaniel Hawthorne: The Scarlet Letter ? 8th Week: Herman Melville: Moby Dick ? 9th Week: Henry David Thoreau: Walden ? 10th Week: 19th-Century American Poets: Henry Wadsworth Longfellow ? 11th Week: Edgar Allan Poe ? 12th Week: Film- Moby Dick

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13th Week: Walt Whitman ? 14th Week: Emily Dickinson ? 15th Week: Realism// Mark Twain ? 16th Week: Mark Twain: The Celebrated Jumping Frog of calaveras County ? 17th Week: Stephen Crane: The Open Boat ? 18th Week: Film- Red Badge of Courage

Mid-term paper:

1. Select an American novel to read and report the name of the author and the novel to the monitor in the following week. 2. Write a book review on the novel (8001000 words) – due: 16/17 Nov. (You’ll fail it if you copy from Internet or any books.) 3. Offer references at the end of your paper. (Including: author, name of book, publishing house, date of publication)

Brief Introduction to American Literature
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Colonialism ? Romanticism ? Realism ? Naturalism ? Modernism ? Postmodernism

Lecture 1 The Literature of Colonial America I. Historical Introduction: Thanksgiving Day
The first American writings: narratives and journals of the settlements

II. The First American Writer: Captain John Smith---A True Relation of
Such Occurrences and Accidents of Note as Hath Happened in Virginia Since the First Planting of That Colony

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Thanksgiving Day

III. Early New England Literature:
1.Puritan Thoughts: American Puritanism 2.William Bradford and John Winthrop -The History of New England 3.John Cotton and Roger Williams

4.Anne Bradstreet and Edward Taylor

William Bradford (15901657) One of the leaders of colonial America, Bradford arrived at Cape Cod on November 11, 1620, on the flagship Mayflower. He was one of the authors of The Mayflower Compact. His greatest contribution to early writing is his History of Plymouth Plantation, 1620-1647.

I heard the merry grasshopper then sing, The black-clad cricket bear a second part; They kept one tune and played on the same string Seeming to glory in their little art. Small creatures abject thus their voices raise, And in their kind resound their Maker’s praise, Whilst I, as mute, can warble forth no higher lays? --- Contemplations ---The Tenth Muse Lately Sprung Up in America
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From my years young in days of youth, God did make known to me His Truth, And call’d me from my native place For to enjoy the Means of Grace. In wilderness He did me guide, And in strange lands for me provide. … As Pilgrim passed I to and fro. --- William Bradford
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American Puritanism:
Puritanism is the practices and beliefs of the Puritans. The American Puritans, like their brothers back in England, were idealists, believing that the Church should be restored to the “purity” of the first-century Church as established by Jesus Christ Himself. To them religion was a matter of primary importance. They made it their chief business to see that man lived and thought and acted in a way which tended to the glory of God.

They accepted the doctrine of predestination, original sin and total depravity, and limited atonement (or the salvation of a selected few) through a special infusion of grace from God, all that John Calvin (1509-1564), the great French theologian who lived in Geneva had preached. It was this kind of religious belief that they brought with them into the wilderness. There they meant to prove that they were God’s chosen people enjoying His blessing on this earth as in heaven.
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Exercises for Lecture 1: 1. Early in the 17th century, the English settlements in Virginia and __________ began the main stream of Massachusetts _____ what we recognize as the American national history. 2. The earliest settlers in America included _____, Dutch Swedes Germans _____, Spaniards_____, and _________. Portuguese ____, _____, French _____, Italians 3. The first permanent English settlement in North America was established at Jamestown _______, in 1617. ______, Virginia 4.Captain John Smith reports of exploration, published in ____________’s the early 1600s, have been described as the first distinctly American literature to be written in English. 5. There was little of the religious ferment and zeal that _____ inspired such a tide of literature to flow Puritan New England.

6. The Puritans had come to New England for the sake of religiousfreedom, while Virginia had been planted ______ mainly as a commercial venture. _________ sobriety 7.Hard work_____, _____, and _______ were the _______, thrift piety Puritan values that dominated much of the earliest American writing, including the sermons, books, and letters of such noted Puritan clergymen as John Cotton and Cotton Mather. William Bradford 8. ______________ first governor of Plymouth, and John Winthrop who held the same post at Boston, _____________, were men superior to even the remarkable qualities that distinguished many of their associates. Each has left a priceless gift: the former, The History of Plymouth Plantation the latter, ___________________________, ________________________. The History of New England

9. The best way to learn more of the colonial Puritan John Cotton mind is to meet two important figures, _________ and Roger Williams _____________. 10. Most Puritan verse was decidedly plodding, but the work of two writers, Anne Bradstreet and ______________ Edward Taylor rose to the level of real poetry. ____________,

Key point: American Puritanism References: 1. Chang Yaoxin(常耀信),A Survey of American Literature(the 2 Edition)《美国文学简史》(第二版), 天 津:南开大学出版社,2003, pp11-26 2. http://www.csustan.edu/english/reuben/pal/chap1/chap1 _index.html (Early American Literature to 1700) 3. http://eserver.org/books/franklin/ The Autobiography (8 parts)

Assignments: 1. Preview : Benjamin Franklin. 2. Review: Chang Yaoxin(常耀信),A Survey of American Literature, PP11-26 3. Discuss the following questions with your classmates: A. What were the first American writings? B. Could you give a description of American Puritans?


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