2016 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试 英 语
本试卷分第Ⅰ卷 （选择题） 和第Ⅱ卷 （非选择题） 。 第Ⅰ卷第 1 至 12 页，第Ⅱ卷第 12-14 页。考试结束后，将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。
第Ⅰ卷 (选择题） 注意事项： 1．答第Ⅰ卷前，考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。 2．选出每小题答案后，用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动，用橡 皮擦干净后，再选涂其它答案标号。不能答在本试卷上，否则无效。
第一部分：听力理解(共两节。满分 30 分) 做题时，先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后，你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案 转涂到答题卡上。
第一节 (共 5 小题：每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 例：How much is the shirt ? A.＄19.15. 答案是 C. 1. Where is the man’s passport? A. In his car. B. In his pocket. C. In his bag. 2. What will the woman do next? 英语试卷 A. Get off at the next stop. B. Walk to the university. C. Take the downtown bus. B.＄9.18 C.＄9.15
第 1 页(共 14 页)
3. What does the woman like best about the shirt? A. The material. B. The price. C. The color. 4. What does the man say about Stephanie? A. She will get well soon. B. She is coming to the beach. C. She has a very bad cold. 5. Where does the conversation probably take place? A. At a clothing store. B. At a laundry. C. In a tailor’s shop. 第二节（共 15 小题：每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个 小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第六段材料，回答第 6、7 题。 6. According to the man, what is special at the Salvadoran restaurant? A. Corn pancakes. B. A certain kind of soup. C. A special drink. 7. Where is El Salvador? A. In Central America. B. In South America. C. In the north of Mexico.
听第七段材料，回答第 8、9 题。 8. How did the man learn about the job? A. From an agency. B. From the newspaper. C. From the Internet. 9. What will the man probably do next? A. Learn to type faster. B. Start working right away. C. Pick up an application from the woman.
听第八段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. What season do the two speakers talk about? A. Winter. B. Autumn. C. Summer. 11. What does the woman think about watching movies? A. It’s too expensive. B. It’s too boring. C. It’s so exciting. 12. What do we know about the woman? A. She paid too much to watch a movie. B. She will have a date with the man tonight. C. She hasn’t been used to the weather there. 听第九段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. Where are the speakers? A. In Chicago. B. In Los Angeles. C. In Connecticut. 14. What does the woman finally buy? A. A heavy coat. B. A light coat. C.A wool coat. 15. What discount does the woman get for the coat? 英语试卷 第 3 页(共 14 页) A. Ten percent. B. Five percent. C. Fifteen percent. 16. What does the man recommend to the woman in the end? A. Some scarves. B. Some shirts. C. Some gloves. 听第十段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. Where was the school located? A. In the middle of a field. B. Two miles from a farm. C. In the woods.
18. What did all the students bring with them to school? A. Food. B. Books. C. Money. 19. How old was the speaker on his first day at that school? A. Fifteen years old. B. Seven years old. C. Eight years old. 20. What was the speaker confused about? A. Why they had to eat outside. B. Why they had to go to school in summer. C. Why smoking was not considered bad.
第二部分：阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分 ） 第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 A. Guided Walking Week April 2016 Dates: April 30th-May 7th 2016 Location: Abdet, Costa Blanca A week of guided walking in the mountains around Abdet. Highlights include the climbing of Valencia’s highest summit (Sierra de Aitana), traveling completely around the impressive Puig Campana, and several explorations in the Sierra de Aitana. Ancient trails lead through spectacular canyons(峡谷) to abandoned settlements situated high in the mountains. You will discover the snow trader routes which lead from the incredible snow holes high in the mountains down to the villages and towns on the coast. These years, golden eagles have made a return to this area, and you may also see other animals—wild goats, foxes, wild pigs and red squirrels. As part of the week you are invited to help clear some local walking paths. This involves clearing collapsed walls and rocks, cutting back fallen trees. This is of course optional and is just for half a day, it’s actually great fun!
Price:$499 Includes: ? Accommodation in the beautiful mountain village of Abdet ? All food-good home cooking ? Beer, wine, soft drinks ? Snacks and post walk treats ? Packed lunches & drinks(except café /bar visits) ? Expert guiding ? Photos/Videos of your days in the mountains ? Airport pick-up/return $25 each way(fly to Alicante) ? Single room supplement $75 To book or get further information, please contact email@example.com. 21. What will you find during the guided walking? A. Climbing Sierra de Aitana is the most exciting B. Ancient trails have changed into highways. C. The environment in Abdet is getting better. D. Traders live in incredible snow holes. 22. What may you enjoy if you pay $499? A. Packed lunches including bar visits. B. Good home cooking breakfast only. C. Bus stop pick-up/return each way. D. Pictures and professional guiding 23. What do the details presented in the ad suggest? A. Clearing walking paths is a must B. People can book the walking online. C. Accommodation conditions are tough. D. The walking ends on April 30th 2016 B It was a hot, humid day, and my brother Walt and I had decided that the only way to survive it would be to go swimming in a deep swimming hole across Mr.Blickez’s pasture(牧场) and through some woods. The only problem with our plan was that this pasture was guarded by a huge, mean Hereford bull. Mr.Blickez had told us that Elsie was the meanest bull in the township, maybe even the county, and we believed him. But the hotter it got, the more we thought there was something fishy about his claim. For one thing, we remembered Mr.Blickez liked telling tall tales; for another, Elsie seemed like an odd name for a bull. Finally, I talked Mom into asking permission for us to walk through the pasture, but then
another problem surfaced. Mom said she would talk to Mr.Blickez if we would take our cousin Joanie along with us. Joanie was almost two years older than me and a head taller. If her teasing ever got around my grade school, it would be all over for me. In fact, I still had a headache from a quarrel with her that morning. “I’m not going swimming with that dumb girl cousin.” I told my mom. “Either Joanie goes with, or you stay home alone,” Mom said in her serious tone. I gave in and we set out. On our way across the pasture, Walt yelled suddenly. Elsie had approached him quietly and was licking(舔) his back. Joanie and I dove under the wire fence, but while I was on the ground I looked up and saw that Elsie wasn’t a big mean bull after all. She was going to keep licking my brother’s back as long as he stood still. We had many good days growing up and visiting our secret swimming hole guarded by the so-called “big mean bull”. And as it turned out, for a girl cousin, Joanie hasn’t been too bad. She’s been one of my best friends over the years. 24. What’s the meaning of the underline word “fishy” in Paragraph 2? A. Funny. C. Doubtful. B. Interesting. D. Believable.
25. What’s the second problem the author has to face? A. His mother insisted on his cousin going with him. B. His cousin made jokes on him in his grade school. C. He quarreled with his cousin and had a headache. D. His mother failed to ask permission for him. 26. What does the author think of Elsie in the end? A. Aggressive. C. Bad-tempered. 27. What’s the passage mainly about? A. The bull guarding Mr.Blickez’s farm. B. The story of visiting the swimming hole. C. How friendly the so-called mean bull was. D. How the author changed his attitude to Joanie. C Last year my summer holiday was spoiled by my bringing along a modern convenience that was too convenient for my own good: the iPad. Instead of looking at nature, I checked my e-mail. Instead of paddling a small boat, I followed my Twitter feed （推特简讯） . Instead of reading great novels, I stuck to reading four newspapers each morning. I was behaving as if I were still in the office. My body was on vacation, but my head wasn’t. So this year I made up my mind to try something different: withdrawal from the Internet. I knew it wouldn’t be easy, since I’m bad at self-control. But I was determined. I started by B. Unkind. D. Friendly.
giving the iPad to my wife. The cellphone signal at our house was worse than in the past, making my attempts at cheating an experience in frustration （沮丧）. I was trapped, forced to go through with my plan. Largely breaking away from e-mail, Twitter and my favorite newspaper websites, I had few ways to connect to the world except for the radio—and how much radio can one listen to, really? I had to do what I had planned to do all along: read books. This experience has had a happy ending. With determination and the strong support of my wife, I won in my vacation struggle against the Internet, realizing finally that it was I, not the iPad, that was the problem. I knew I had won when we passed a Starbucks and my wife asked if I wanted to stop to use the Wi-Fi. “I don’t need it,” I said. However, as we return to post-vacation life, a harder test begins: Can I continue when I’m back at work? There are times when the need to know what’s being said right now is great. I have no intention of giving up my convenience completely. But I hope to resist the temptation to check my e-mail every five minutes, which leads to checking my Twitter feed and a website or two. I think a vacation is supposed to help you rest your brain to become more productive. Here I hope this one worked. 28. What do we know about the author’s last summer vacation? A. He was determined to enjoy the beautiful view. B. His iPad ruined his plan of finishing a great novel. C. He hated himself for acting as if he were working on vacation. D. He felt satisfied that he had stuck to his usual timetable. 29 What did the author do to keep away from the Internet this year? A. He cut off his cellphone signal. B. He handed his iPad to his wife. C. He refused to cheat in his house. D. He listened to the radio most of the time. 30. When back at work, the author will probably choose to ________. A. keep control of when and how to use the Internet B. continue to road more and more books C. stay away from the Internet for ever D. stop checking what is being said right now completely 31. What is the author’s opinion of a great vacation in the passage? A. A vacation is having nothing to do but read all day. B. A vacation proves that a life of pleasure is overvalued. C. A vacation means a change of pace to make one more creative. D. A vacation is a period of time to do whatever one wishes to.
D Before I studied psychology, I used to think that people would laugh when funny things occurred. While I was right about that, I discovered there are lots of other psychological factors that make people laugh other than the funny part of a joke. When someone laughs at a joke, there will usually be more than one reason that makes him laugh—and the more reasons there are, the more powerful the joke will be. I was attending a stand-up comedy show in Egypt, and when the man started to make fun of pedestrians crossing streets, everyone laughed their hearts out. The main reason those people strongly laughed was that almost all of them felt angry towards pedestrians who crossed streets carelessly. The joke wasn’t only funny, it also made the audience feel that they were right about being angry at those pedestrians. That is, people were laughing both because of the funny joke and because of the happiness experienced as a result of the psychological support they got. The better a joke makes a person feel, and the more it includes other psychological factors, the more the person will like it. For example, if you envy one of your friends, and someone tells a joke that is funny and, at the same time, makes your friend seem stupid, then you will probably laugh at it louder than if you weren’t jealous of him. In short, we don’t laugh only when we hear something funny; we also laugh when we experience some kind of happiness that results from the other psychological factors involved in the joke. I strongly discourage making fun of anyone or belittling someone to make someone else laugh. All I want to explain is that if your joke supports a person’s emotions, he will certainly like it a lot. 32. What did the author find out after studying psychology? A. Only good jokes make people laugh B. Many factors lead to people laughing. C. Funny things can make people laugh D. Laughter can make people healthy. 33. Why did the audience laugh loud at the pedestrians? A. They played a trick on the pedestrians. B. The pedestrians behaved in a funny way. C. They could feel the pedestrians’ happiness. D. Their emotion was approved of by the show. 34. What does the underlined word “belittling” probably mean? A. Annoy B. Blame C. Look down on D. Make up to 35. Which of the following best shows the structure of the passage? 英语试卷 第 9 页(共 14 页)
第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容， 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为多余 选项。 High school can be quite the stressful time for any student. There are numerous stresses to deal with and the pressure can be more intense as you enter your senior year. ______36______ The answer is as follows. ______37______ Adjust your approach to your specific situation. For instance, if you’re active in your community and your school and have a large family, you may feel depressed by having all these people involved in your life on a daily basis. ______38______ You just may need a moment to be alone and collect your thoughts before moving on to the challenges that face you. ______39______ If your stress persists and you can’t figure out a way to handle it, you may want to try speaking to your school counselor(顾问). If you don’t feel comfortable speaking to your counselor, try getting some other types of counseling. Realize your limits, and plan around them. Don’t take on more than you can handle. If you take on too many things, you will be spread too thin and won’t be able to perform at your best in anything. _______40______ You will definitely feel more at ease! A．Seek professional counseling. B．Why does the stress come into being? C．Try thinking of alternative ways to deal with stress. D．When you feel relieved, you can have a happier life. E．Taking some time out to be alone may be the best way to handle such stress. F．But how on earth can you reduce some of the stress? G．Evaluate what tasks and activities are most important and leave others behind.
英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分）
第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填人空 白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 When I was eighteen, I couldn’t wait to get my first job, which meant I made the first step toward adulthood. But it was difficult to get a work permit. One day I was dropped off by my parents at the 41 , where applicants took their physical tests for work permits. Although I had night blindness, my vision was clearer during the day, which helped me walk began the 42 by myself. Then the doctor 43 . He looked into my eyes with a bright light. “I suggest your parents take you
to an eye specialist,” he said, “I never 45 a day in your life…”
you have a retinal(视网膜) disease. If you do, you’ll 46
My parents did take me to specialists. After much time and money spent seeking an result, it was determined that I had an eye disease that slowly during daylight, I could walk without 49 47
a person of sight. But still,
48 . I could read, but not for hours. My eyes began to 50 51 of great writers as well as the me to try writing. Soon 53 appeared
and words slipped off the page when I read more than a few pages. However, no matter how
tired my eyes became, I never gave up reading. I knew the most popular music stars. Their words were powerful, which writing brought me a lot of 52
each time I completed a paper. 54 , continued to print my work. Next, a book 55 57 up with each so many years 56 I chose to present it. For
Then an important phone call from an editor changed my life. An article I in a local newspaper. The newspaper, to my series published several of my essays. I got interested in writing and acceptance. On the pages, readers never knew of my blindness ago. Now, I have numerous essays and articles in day, he fueled my 41. A. station 42. A. silently 43. A. operation 44. A. suspect 45. A. rest 46. A. urgent 47. A. reminds 48. A. assistance 49. A. dance 50. A. houses 51. A. asked 52. A. pleasure 53. A. admitted 54. A. shame 55. A. gave 56. A. although 57. A. feared 58. A. mind 59. A. imagination 60. A. low 59 58 . 60 me, finding my voice through writing gave me the pride and satisfaction I
Should I be thanking that misguided doctor? By falsely predicting that I could never work a into success. He set the bar too C. clinic C. suddenly C. examination C. confirm C. live C. accurate C. warns C. allowance C. widen C. names C. forced C. trouble C. wanted C. delight C. came C. since C. brought C. time C. motivation C. long D. stress D. described D. disappointment D. put D. unless D. rejected D. print D. responsibility D. close and focused on what I D. lab D. easily D. argument D. advocate D. sleep D. ordinary D. informs D. balance D. tear D. addresses D. encouraged wouldn’t be able to do. Yet I proved what I could do. B. company B. proudly B. treatment B. acknowledge B. work B. obvious B. robs B. medicine B. shine B. habits B. permitted B. worry B. penned B. admiration B. lit B. after B. sought B. use B. personality B. far
第 II 卷 (非选择题) 注意：将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。 第三部分：英语知识运用(共两节，满分 45 分) 第二节： （共 10 小题；每题 1.5 分，共 15 分） 阅读下面材料， 在空白处填入适当的内容 （不多于 3 个单词） 或括号内单词的正确形式。 It is natural that young people are often of touch with modern ways, Parents often find 63 62 61 （comfort） when they are with their parents.
They say that their parents don’t understand them. They often think that their parents are out they are too serious and too strict with their children, and that they seldom give their children a free hand. difficult to win their children’s trust and they always forget how they themselves felt when young. Young people like to act without much thinking. It is one of their ways to show that they have grown up and they can face any difficult situation. Adults worry 64 them plan things ahead. Young people make their parents angry with their cut off 66 65 （ choose ） in clothes, in （much） easily. Most of
entertainment and in music. But they do not mean to cause any trouble: It just shows that they feel the adult’s world, and they have not yet been accepted into their world. That’s 67 own. And if their parents do not like why young people want to make a new culture of very happy. Sometimes you are so proud of yourself that you do not want your parents to say “yes” to what you do. All you want is 68 （leave） alone and do what you like. It is natural enough,
their music or entertainment or clothes or their way of speech, this will make the young people
after 69 （be） a child for so many years, when you were completely under your parents’ control. If you plan to control your life, you’d better win your parents. If your parents see that you have 70 high sense of responsibility, they will give you the right to do what you want to do. 第四部分 写作（共两节；满分 35 分） 第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假段定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共 有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号( ? )，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用(＼)划掉。 修改：在错的词下画一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 As is often the case, when people are attending to meetings, having meals or waiting for
buses, you can always find them addicting to their phones, completely ignoring others. This is really a common phenomena in our life. The reason is why smart phones nowadays can be used for people to play mobile games and kept in touch with friends through QQ and WeChat. Therefore, too much exposure to phones are bad for people in terms of health. Moreover, people involved in phones fail to communicate well with these around them. As far as I am concerned, people should wisely make use of their phones to help their work and study. Meanwhile, care much about their family and friends rather than mobile phones. 笫二节 书面表达（满分 25 分） 假如你是银川一中的李华，你在某英文论坛上看到一个帖子。澳大利亚中学生 Martin 英语试卷 第 13 页(共 14 页) 想来中国旅游，你向他推荐了西安市，请根据以下提示写一封电子邮件。 内容包括：1.自我介绍； 2.推荐理由：历史悠久、景色优美、文化丰富、市民友好、小吃多样； 3.你的祝愿。 注意：1. 字数不少于 100； 2. 适当加入细节，使内容充实、行文连贯。 Dear Martin, I’m very glad to have read the post that you put on the English Forum.___________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ Yours, Li Hua
银川一中 2016 届高三第一次模拟 英语试卷答案
听力理解：1-5 BACCB 阅读理解：21-23 CDB 篇章结构：36-40 FCEAG 完形填空：41-45 CDCAB 语法填空： 61 Uncomfortable 62 that 63 it 67 their; 64 more; 65 choices; 66 from; 46-50 CBADC 51-55 DABCB 56-60 DBDCA 6-10AABCB 24-27 CADB 11-15ACBAB 28-31 C BA C 16-20 CCABC 32-35 B DCB
68 to be left; 69 being ； 70 a
短文改错： As is often the case, when people are attending to meetings, having meals or waiting for buses, you can always find them addicting to their phones, completely ignoring others. This is really a common phenomena in our life. The reason is why smart phones nowadays can be used for people to play mobile games and kept in touch with friends through QQ and WeChat. Therefore, too much exposure to phones are bad for people in terms of health. Moreover, people involved in phones fail to communicate well with these around them. As far as I am concerned, people should wisely make use of their phones to help their work and study. Meanwhile, care much about their family and friends rather than mobile phones. 去掉 to； addicting 改为 addicted； phenomena 改为 phenomenon； why 改为 that；kept 改 为 keep； Therefore 改为 However； are 改为 is； these 改为 those； 在 help 和 their work 之间加 with； much 改为 more。 书面表达： Dear Martin, I’m very glad to have read the post that you put on the English Forum. I strongly recommend that you pay a visit to Xian. I’m Li hua, a student from Yinchuan No.1 Middle School, good at Chinese geography and history. When it comes to traveling in China, Xian is a popular tourist destination. First of all, Xian is not only a city with a long history but also has many places of interest, where you can enjoy yourself. Second, people in Xian are friendly, kind, and willing to help others, which can make your visit comfortable and pleasant. Third, you can have a chance to experience different cultures and enjoy various delicious snacks in Xian. In addition, I’d like to serve as your guide if you come. I do hope that you will have a good time in China. Best wishes! Yours, Li Hua