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(原创)高中英语选修8 Module 4 Which English知识点整理二

时间:2018-02-01


选修 8 Module 4 Which English? 知识点整理二
10.vary v 变化;不同 搭配:vary with…随……而变化 vary in…在……方面有差异 vary between…and…由……到……情况不等 vary from…to…由……到……情况不等 Prices vary with the season.物价随季节而变化。 Her mood varies from day to day.她的心情天天在变化。 Class numbers vary between 25 and 30.班级学生的数目从 25 到 30 不等。 The climate always varies from area to area.地区与地区之间气候总是不同。 variety [v?'ra??t?] n 变化;多样性;同一事物的(不同种类) (变体) varied adj 各种各样的;各不相同的;多变的 (强调“不同” ) various [?ve?ri?s] adj 各种各样的(强调“多”) a variety of=varieties of 各种各样的。 注意:a variety of 和 varieties of 修饰名词复数作主语时,如果 variety 为单数,谓语 动词一般用单数;variety 为复数,谓语动词用复数形式。 There?s a large variety of dishes on the menu.菜单上有许多种菜。 For various reasons,he handed over his company to his son.由于种种原因,他把公司交给 了儿子。 It is essential that your diet is varied and balanced.关键是你的饮食要多样化, 并保持均衡。 (1)It is obvious that hopes,goals,fear and desires____widely between men and women,between the rich and the poor. A.shift look. (3)—Waiter! How much will I pay for a night?—Prices___from room to room. A.increase B.vary C.range D.divide (4)There is a v________of plants in the old man?s yard,such as trees,flowers and grass. (5)Try not to start every sentence with the“the”.V____the beginnings of your sentences. (6)He has collected____foreign stamps to be displayed next month. A.a plenty of B.a variety of C.a great deal of D.a large amount of (7)I like going shopping in a supermarket as I can have a large___of choices of goods. (8)用与 variety 相关的词形、短语填空
选修 8 Module 4 Which English? 1

B.alter

C.vary D.transfer

(2)There are_____(variety) of flowers shown in the park and______(variety) people go to have a

*a)The number of people invited to the party was 100,but a number of them were absent for a_____reasons. b)All____of goods for daily use are available in the shopping mall. *c)In northern China,the first meal of the New Year is always dumplings;however,there is____choices in southern China. (9)介词填空 a) Eating habits vary____country____country.One man?s meat can be another ?s poison. b)They vary_____colour but they are all beautiful. c)The status [?ste?t?s]地位 we take often varies____the people we meet and changes throughout the life. (10)We have_____(vary)summer camps for your holidays.You can choose one based on your own interest. (1)C 很明显,在男人、女人之间,富人、穷人之间,希望、目标、所怕之事及愿望都是不 同的。(2)varieties various (3)B (4)variety (5)Vary 不要老是用 the 开头造句,换换别的 开头。 (6)B (7)variety 我喜欢去超市购物, 因为有多种多样的商品可供选择。 (8)a)variety of b)varieties 在这个购物商场所有的日常用品都可以买到。由 are 和 all 可知,应填 varieties c)a variety of 在中国北方,春节的第一顿饭通常是水饺,然而在南方地区有多种选择,is 说 明应该用短语 a variety of (9)a)from to 11.lie in 在于;处于某种状态;位于 lie down 躺下休息 lie awake 躺着醒着 lie in/on/to the east of 位于??的东部 The chief difficulty lies in finding a good opportunity.主要困难在于找到一个好时机 Your failure in the final exam____the fact that you didn?t attach enough importance to your English. A.lies in B.results in C.leads to D.contributes to A 期本考试你的失败在于没有足够地重视英语 12.英语中倍数的表达常见的有四种句式: (1)A+谓语+倍数+as+adj/adv 原级+as+B as…as 中可插入名词即: as+adj+a/an +单数名词+as as many/few+复数名词+as as much/little+不可数名词+as This is as good a book as that one. He has bought as many books(much rice) as I have.
选修 8 Module 4 Which English? 2

b)in

c)with 我们取得的地位经常随着所遇到的

人而变化,并且一生不断变化。(10)various

(2)A+谓语+倍数+比较级+than+B (3)A+be+ 倍 数 +the size/length w?dθ 宽度+of+B (4)A+be+倍数+what+句子 Asia is four times as large as Europe.亚洲是欧洲的四倍大。 Asia is three/four times larger than Europe.亚洲比欧洲大三倍。 Asia is four times the size of Europe. 亚洲是欧洲的四倍大。 Now production is twice what it was last year.今年的产量是去年的两倍。 (1)The new stadium being built for the next Asian Games will be A.as three times big as A.twice as B.as twice B.three times as big as C.twice much (2)It?s said that the power plant pau? plɑ:nt 发电厂 is now D.much twice (3)My new glasses cost me A.as much as three times C.three times as much as A.as much the last pair that I bought. B.three times much than D.as much three times as . D.so many the present one. large as what it was. C.as big as three times D.as big three times as le?θ 长 度 /height/depth depθ 深 度 /width

(4)I like this jacket better than that one,but it costs almost three times B.as many C.so much

(5)It?s just____among countries to host the Olympics as to win an Olympic medal. A.fierce as a competition B.as a much competition D.a competition as much C.as fierce [f??s]残忍的 a competition had___today. A.as tiring a day as B.as a tiring day C.tiring as a day as D.day as a tiring as B.as a difficult subject C.a difficult subject as D.as difficult a (7)I don?t think maths is____as physics. A.a subject as difficult subject. (8)I think this VCD set is__the one I bought last month. A.as good or better than C.so good or better as B.good as or better than D.as good as or better than

(6)I?m not a little tired today after giving the room a thorough [?θ?r?] cleaning and I have never

(9)If you?ve ever tried to grow your own flowers or vegetables,you should know that gardening[' ɡɑ:dn]从事园艺,造园 is an art____it is a science. A.as much as B.as well as C.as long as D.as many as (10)They need____they had. A.more water four times than B.four times as much water as C.as four times water as
选修 8 Module 4 Which English?

D.four times the water of
3

(11)—What do you think of the concert? —I really enjoy it.I didn?t expect it was_____(more;as)wonderful. (1)B 一般 (2)A (3)C (4)A (5)C 国家间争办奥运会主办权的竞争如同在奥运会上争夺奖牌 (6)A (7)D (8)D 宾语从句中有两个由 or 连接的并列表语,一个是 as good as the

one I bought last month,另一个是 better than the one I bought last month.为了避免重复,省去 了相同的部分。(9)A,表示程度一样用 as much as,表示数量一样用 as many as (10)B (11)as I didn?t expect it was as wonderful as it is now. 13.It is estimated that 据估计?? at a rough estimate 粗略地估计一下 make an estimate of 做??的估计 Let?s make an estimate of the height of Mount Tai.让我们估计一下泰山的高度。 The construction workers said at a rough estimate the job would be completed in two weeks.建筑工人说,粗略估计一下,这一任务要两周后才能完成。 (1)It?s______that the privacy of half of 400 million Chinese mobile phone users is being threatened. A.admired B.inspired C.justified D.estimated (2)用 estimate 的适当形式填空 a)It is_________that by the year 2020 there will be 8 billion people throughout the world. b)At a rough________,Nigeria is three times the size of Great Britain. c)An______80 percent of America adults think music lessons improve children?s ability to learn or their performance in school. (3)根据汉语提示完成句子 a)_______(据估计)in Britain,no more than five percent of bicycle-riders wear helmets. b)Total damage losses_________(估计)to be over half a billion dollars in the earthquake in Chile in 1960. (1)D 据估计,中国四亿手机用户中一半用户的隐私权正在受到威胁(2)a)estimated 过去分词 作定语。据估计,80%的美国成年人认为音乐课有助于增强孩子们的学习能力或改善他们 的在校表现。 b)estimate (3)a)It?s estimated that be determined to do sth 决心做某事 be determined that?决定??,坚信?? She was determined to win. He was determined that the same mistakes would not be repeated. determine vt 决定;确定 determine to do sth
选修 8 Module 4 Which English? 4

b)were estimated

14.determined adj 有决心的,意志坚定的; (尤指在困境中)坚决的,坚定的

determine sb to do sth 使某人下决心做某事 determination [d??t?:m??ne??n] n 决心 名师点津:determine to do 和 be determined to do 二者都表示“决定做某事” ,determine to do 强调动作;be determined to do 说明状态, 表示已经下了决心。 determine 是非延续性动词,不能与表示时间段的状语连用;be determined 是一种延续状 态,可与时间段连用。 His parents determined him to finish this hard task. He is a man of great determination. (1)He left the place,___never____back again. A.determined;to come C.determining;coming B.determined;coming D.being determined;to come C.reliable D.remarkable C.To determine D.Determined C.Having determined D.To be determined

(2)A___person always tries to finish the job,no matter how hard it is. A.stubborn B.determined A.Determining A.Determined (3)___to get a ticket for the concert,George has been standing in a queue for two days. B.Being determind B.Be determined (4)___to complete the job on time,they set out to work immediately. (5)The______look on his face showed that he had enough confidence in himself. (6)What the enemy did_____us to take up guns against them. A.to do B.determined (1)A (2)B (3)D 他们对抗。 15.convinced adj 确信的,信服的 convincing adj 令人信服的;有说服力的 convince sb of sth 使某人相信/信服某事 be convinced of 确信?? convince sb 使某人信服,说服某人 convince sb to do sth 说服某人做某事 convince sb that 使某人相信 I was convinced that he was cleverer than the average.我确信他比一般人聪明。 How can I convince you of the fact.我如何才能让你明白那件事实呢? I tried to convince him to change his mind but failed.我试图说服他改变主意但没有成功。 误区警示:convince“说服,使信服” ,主要指通过事实、证据等使人相信。 persuade“说服,劝服” ,主要指通过讲道理甚至乞求的办法使人相信,从感情上打动对 方。
选修 8 Module 4 Which English? 5

C.for D.on

(4)A (5)determined 坚定的表情 (6)B 敌人的行为使我们决定拿起枪与

(1)Scientists are convinced______the positive effect of laughter_____physical and mental health. A.of;on B.by;in C.of;at D.on;at (2)用 convince 的适当形式填空 a)For many years,I was______that my suffering was due to my size. b)After hearing the suspect?s______reasons,the lawyer became______that he hadn?t been linked to the murder. (3)I don?t believe what you said,but if you can prove it,you may be able to_____me. A.convince B.inform C.guarantee D.refuse (4)The cheerful and_________(ambition) rabbit threw himself into looking for the carrot,totally_________(convince)that he would find it. (5)____that she had left the workplace,he went away. A.Convince B.Convincing C.Having convinced D.Convinced (1)A 科学家确信笑声对身心健康有积极作用 (2) a)convinced 多年来我相信我的不幸是由于 我的个头造成的。 b)convincing 有说服力的理由 convinced 相信他和谋杀案无关 (3)A (4)ambitious convinced 兴高采烈又胸怀大志的兔子全身心地开始寻找胡萝卜,完 全相信自己可以找到。(5) D 确信 16.convey v 传达,传递 convey sth to sb 向某人表达、传递某物 convey sb/sth from A to B 把某人/某物从 A 地运送到 B 地 convey one’s feelings/thanks to sb 向某人表达感情谢意 Words can?t convey my feelings.语言无法表达我的感受。 This ship conveys oil from the Middle East to Asia.这艘船把石油从中东运往亚洲。 (1)语法填空 a)Your luggage will be conveyed___the hotel by taxi. b)In everyday communication,information______(convey) by gestures and tone of voice is often misunderstood. (2)改错 The word“ungelivable 不给力”is based on Chinese,conveys a message that Chinese can also serve as an addition to English vocabulary. (1)a)to b)conveyed 17.oppose v 反对 oppose doing sth 反对做某事 opposed adj 反对的,对抗的 be opposed to sth/doing sth 反对(做)某事 The professor,____out the project,made a comment on the report.
选修 8 Module 4 Which English? 6

(2)conveys-conveying

A.was opposed to carry B.opposed to carry C.opposed to carrying D.opposed carrying C 反对执行该项目的那们教授对该报告作了评论。 18 approve v 赞成,同意;批准,核准;通过 The city council approved the building plan. approve(doing)sth 通过、批准(做)某事 approve of sb/sth 赞成/同意某人/某事 approve of (one’s)doing sth 赞成/同意(某人)做某事 He doesn?t approve of my leaving school this year.他不同意我今年离校。 approval n 批准,认可,同意,赞同 nod/smile/watch in approval 赞同地点头/微笑/注视 She looked at her son in approval.她赞同地看着她的儿子。 disapproval n 反对 (1)语法填空 a)Mike said that the proposals would have to________(approve) by the Engineering Department. b)It is a year since we received official________(approve) to go ahead with the project. c)Jane was determind to go to art school despite her parents?_______(approve). d)His father approved of him_____the army. (2)Mary never goes against her father ?s will,so she is now in desperate 急切的 need of his_____of her marriage. A.approval B.admission C.appointment D.awareness (3)The mayor has_____the new building plan and the construction of the new Broadcasting Center will begin in a few days. A.appreciated B.approached C.appointed c)disapproval D.approved d)joining (2)A 玛丽从不违背她父亲的意愿, (4)改错 Several people nodded with approval. (1)a)be approved b)approval 所以现在她非常需要她父亲赞成她结婚。(3)D 批准 (4)with-in 19.get down to sth 开始/着手做某事 get across 使理解;把??讲清楚(get sth across to sb 使某事被某人理解) get away with 侥幸做成;逃脱处罚;避免,逃过 get along /on with 进展;与??相处 get around/round 走动; (消息)传开 get through 完成;通过; (打电话时)打通 It?s time (that) I got down to thinking about that essay. Your meaning didn?t really get across. How are you getting on with your English study?
选修 8 Module 4 Which English? 7

(1)用 get 短语的适当形式填空 a)I phoned him several times,but I couldn?t________. b)She never arrived on time at the office,but she somehow managed to________it. c)How are you_________your work? d)The news that she didn?t get through the exam soon___________. (2)用 get 短语的适当形式填空 a)The final exam is coming.It?s time for us to______our studies. *b)The message we?d like to________is that consumers should spend their money sensibly while shopping online. c)If you cheat in the exam,you?ll never____it. *d)After that,he knew he could______any emergency by doing what he could to the best of his ability. e)Did you have to_____an entrance examination before being admitted to this university? (3)Readers can_____quite well without knowing the exact meaning of each word. A.get over B.get along C.get in D.get through c)getting on/along with d)got around/round (2)a)get down c)get away (1)a)get through b)get away with with

to b)get across 我们想要传达的信息是:消费者在网上购物时应明智地花钱。

d)get through 从那以后,他知道他可以尽全力处理任何紧急事件。get through 处理,

完成 e)get through (3)B 读者不知道每个字的准确含义也能很顺利地看书。 get along 与?? 相处得很好;进展好(顺利) 20.be meant for 为??打算;打算做?? mean to do sth 打算做某事 mean doing sth 意味着做某事 had meant to do sth 本来打算做某事(实际上却没有做) The room is meant for a waiting room. I didn?t mean to hurt you by saying that. I had meant to see you off at the airport,but I had a meeting. 21.部分否定和完全否定 not 与 all,both,every 以及由 every 构成的不定代词连用时,无论 not 在句中什么位置都表 示部分否定。 完全否定用 neither (指两者) , none (指三者或三者以上) , no one 或 nobody。 Not everyone likes pop music.=Everyone doesn?t like pop music.并不是每个人都喜欢流行 音乐。 Not all the students like classical music=All the students don?t like classical music. 并不是 所有的学生都喜欢古典音乐。 No one/Nobody likes pop music.没有人喜欢流行音乐。
选修 8 Module 4 Which English? 8

对比:Both of the sisters are not here.并非两姐妹都在这里。 Neither of the sisters is here.两姐妹都不在这里。 I don?t know all of them.我不全认识他们。 I don?t know any of them.他们我一个也不认识。 (1)___novels are to her taste,though reading novels is her hobby.She likes horror novels,but not love novels. A.None of B.No C.Not every D.Not all (2)—Did___get through the driving test?—No,___,a few failed. A.everybody;not all A.either A.someone A.all language. A.none A.No one A.none but B.neither B.Nobody C.both D.each D.None D.no other than *(7)—Is there anyone wanting to go to the cinema with me?—____. C.Nothing *(8)When he arrived,he found____the sick at home. B.none other than C.nothing but (9)—Do you know Jim quarreled with his brother?—I don?t know,____. A.nor don?t I care B.nor do I care C.I don?t care neither D.I don?t care also *(10)—How do you find your new classmates? —Most of them are kind,but____is so good to me as Bruce. A.none B.no one us. A.no A.either A.none B.any B.none B.all C.some D.none D.nobody (12)I made a call to my parents yesterday.To my disappointment,____of them answered it. C.neither C.not all (13)It?s impossible for all the people to get the jobs because____of them are fit for them. D.every time (14)We haven?t enough books for anybody;some of you will have to share.改错
选修 8 Module 4 Which English? 9

B.anybody;no one C.everybody;none D.anybody;not all D.neither C.not one D.none D.no one

(3)We asked both Tonny and Jerry,but___could offer any help. B.all C.none (4)Charles was alone at home,with____looking after him. B.anyone (5)—Wow! You?ve got so many clothes.—But____of them are in fashion now. B.both C.neither (6)It was hard for him to learn English in a family,in which____of the parents spoke the

C.every one

D.some one

(11)All of us haven?t seen the Great Wall with our own eyes,so there are_____lucky ones among

(1)D 尽管阅读小说是她的爱好,但她并不是喜欢所有的小说,她喜欢恐怖小说,而不喜欢 言情小说。 (2)A (3)D (4)D (5)D (6)B (7)D none 表示数量,能与 of 连用, no one/nobody 不能与 of 用。回答 How many(much)…或 Are(Is) there any…提出的问题时用 none;回答 Who…提出的问题时用 no one/nobody;回答 What…提出的问题时用 nothing。 (8)A(9)B 我 也 不 关 心 (10)A 后 面 省 略 了 of my new classmates. (11)C (13)C(14)anybody-everybody (12)C

选修 8 Module 4 Which English?

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