河南省虞城县第一初级中学 七年级英语下学期期末复习 Units 5-6 单元语法及练习 人教新目标版
【学习目标】 一、知识目标： 1.重点语法：复习巩固 why 和 where 引导的特殊疑问句；because 引导的句子表原因。 ——Why do you like pandas? —— Because they’re kind of interesting. —— Why does John like koalas? —— Because they’re very cute —— Why don’t you like tigers? —— Because they’re really scary. —— Where are lions from? —— They’re from South Africa. 2. 重点单词和短语：friendly, shy, a lot, other, else 【学习重难点】 1.why 和 because 引导的句子。 2. 利用所学句型和单词短语编对话。 【知识点拨】 [解析１] But I like tigers a lot._________________________________________. “a lot ”是固定搭配，意为“______ \________”,在句中做副词，相当于 very much. 短语 “like......a lot ”意为______________（=like......very much.） 例句：玛丽非常喜欢汉堡包。Mary _______ hamburgers ______ _______/(______ _______) ［解析２]. I like dogs because they’re friendly and smart._______________________. 1、“friendly” 是一个形容词，它是由名词“_______”加上“ly”构成的，意为_________. 常用短语 be friendly to sb ,意为 _____________； be friendly with sb 意为______________. 【知识点点拨】 1. save 是一个动词，意为_______、_______， 例句：我们必须救它们。We must ______ ________. 另外，做动词时还有“贮存，储蓄、 节省、保存等意思。节约水__________ 贮存食物___________ 2. “one of.......”意为.......之一.....,后接可数名词复数名词形式。one of.......结构做主语时，谓语 动词用单数形式。例句：我的一个同学来自云南。______ _____my classmates _____ from Yunnan. 3. symbol 是一个名词， 意为_________.常用短语 a/the symbol of......表示_______________. 例 句：白鸽是和平的象征。The dove is ____ _____ ______ the peace(和平)。 4. danger 是一个名词，意为“_________-”,常用短语 be in danger 意为_____________. danger 前可用 great 修饰，表示“巨大的”.be in great danger 意为_________________ 例句：那个男孩会面临巨大的危险。The boy can ____ _____ ______ _________. 5. with. 是一个介词 prep.意为“.与...一起,偕同,和...” 例句： 她和她姐妹一起看电视。 She ________ ______ with her sister. With 做介词还有“带有...; 有...的”之意，其后面接一个名词构成介词短语修饰前面的名词。例句：那个长头发的女孩 是我同学。The girl ____ ____ ____ is my classmate 翻译：有水和食物的地方 _______ _______ ________ ________ 6. forget （v.） 意为__________/_____________常用短语： forget to do sth _________________ (言下之意，事情还没做)；forget doing sth ______________(事情已做，但是忘了。) 【知识点点拨】 一. 词汇短语检测 ：
1、tiger_______ elephant_______ koala_______ dolphin_______ panda_______ lion_______ penguin_______ giraffe______ 2. 写出英语意思 吓人的；恐怖的__________ 种类_________ 稍微；有点儿___________ 南;南方;南方的;____________ 非洲____________ 南非____________ 澳大利亚___________ 宠物_______ 腿________ 猫_______ 睡觉____________ 3 英汉互译 . 1）有点儿无聊________________ 2）.南非___________________ 3）. 非常喜欢________________ 4）.整天_____________ 5）.聪明的动物们_______________ 6）. 黑白相间_____________ 7）. Let me see_______________ 8）. very interesting__________ 9）.be from_______________ 10）. really scary______________ 【学习过程】思考：特殊疑问句结构：＿＿＋＿＿＋＿＿＋ 1）. 询问来自哪里用________; 询问为什么用___________; 回答原因用___________ 2.） 完成句子 我不喜欢狮子因为它们懒。I ______ like ___________ they’re lazy. 你为什么喜欢老虎？__________ do you like ________? 连词成句： 1）. lions, the, let, first, see, us __________________________________________________________. 2）. pandas, why, want, see, to, do, the, you ________________________________________________________? 3）. they, are, ugly, because ________________________________________________________. 4）. South Africa, lions, from, are, those _________________________________________________________. 完成下列句子： (1) The child likes dolphins (改一般疑问句) ___________the child_ _________ dolphins? (2) we like penguins because they’re cute (划线提问) ______ _______ you like penguins? (3) Pandas a re from China. (同上) _________are pandas _________? (4) Koalas like to eat meat (改否定句) Koalas________ ________to eat meat ( 6) Giraffe are from Africa(改为同义句) Giraffe ________ ________ from Africa。 ( 7) The story is very interesting.(一般疑问句) __________the story interesting? 课后巩固 一、根据汉语完成句子 (1) 我有点冷。I am _____ ______ cold. (2). 这只老虎 3 岁了。The tiger is 3 ________ ________ . (3). 他喜欢吃什么水果？________ fruit _______he like ?
(4) 企鹅来自南极。_______ ________ from the South Pole .(南极) （5）他想玩电脑游戏.He ______ ________play computer games. (6).欢迎来到我们学校_______ _________ to our school. (7).狮子惹人喜爱。The lions ____________ ________________. (8).咱们先读第三单元吧________read Unit 3_______________. (9).但我很喜欢熊猫.But I ________pandas _______ _______? 二. 单项选择 1. _________ these tigers _______ from? A. Where, are B. Where, come C. Where are, / 2. I like koalas because they are _________ friendly. A. a kind of B. kind of C. kinds of 3. --_______ he ________ breakfast at home? -- Yes. A. Dose, have B. Does, have C. Does, has 4. Does this lion ____ from Africa or America? A. be B. is C. come D. go 5. ----What _____ do you like ? ---- I like penguins. A. sports B. subjects C. music D.
Unit 6 I’m watching TV 1. 现在进行时（The Present Progressive Tense） 1) 现在进行时表示现在（说话瞬间）正在进行或发生的的动作。如： The student are listening to the teacher. He is watching TV now. 现在进行时也可表示当前一段时间内的活动或现阶段正在进行的动作。 We are working on a farm these days. I’m writing a book this month . 2) 构成：be(am/is/are) + v-ing。以动词 work 为例，现在进行时的肯定式、否定式、疑问式 和简略答语如下： ①肯定式 I am working. You are working. He / She / It is working. We / You / They are working. ②否定式 I am not working. You are not working. He / She / It is not working. We / You / They are not working. ③疑问式和简略答语： Am I working? Yes, you are. No, you are not (aren’t) Is he / she / it working? Yes, he / she / it is. No, he / she / it is not (isn’t). Are you working? Yes, we are. No, we are not (aren’t) 3) 动词-ing 形式的构成： ①一般在动词原形末尾加-ing. Are you working? Yes, I am. No, I am not. Are we working? Yes, you are. No, you are not (aren’t) Are they working? Yes, they are. No, they are not (aren’t).
go—going ask—asking look—looking ②以不发音字母 e 结尾的动词，先去掉 e，再加-ing. write—writing make—making take—taking ③以重读闭音节结 尾的动词， 如果末尾只有一个辅音字母， 应先双写这个字母， 再加-ing。 get—getting sit—sitting put—putting run—running begin—beginning ④以 ie 结尾的重读开音节动词改 ie 为 y，再加-ing。 die—dying lie—lying tie--tying 2. What are you doing? I’m watching TV. 你在干什么？我在看电视。 What’s he doing? He’s doing his homework.他在干什么？他在做家庭作业。 What’s she doing? She’s reading. 她在干什么？她在看书。 3. Sure“的确，当然”，相当于 Certainly，可代替 Yes 作肯定回答。
Do you like pandas? Sure! 你喜欢熊猫吗？ 当然！ 4. wait for….等候?? 5. talk to…“和/对??说话”（主要指一方说，另一方听） talk with…“和??交谈”（指双方交谈） talk about…“谈论??” 6. family“家庭，家人”，是个集合名词。指整体概念即“家庭”时为单数名词，指组成家 庭的成员即“家人“时，为复数名词。 1) 他的家庭是个幸福的家庭。His family is a happy family. 2) 他家人在看电视。 His family are watching TV. 单项选择。(30 分) ( )1. What is Kate doing? __________ A. She is in the room. B. Yes, she is C. She is reading D. She is run ( )2.Look! What is Tom doing? He’s _______ TV. A.seeing B.looking C.looking at D.watching ( )3.______ are they playing football? A.What B.Who C.Which D.Whe re ( ) 4. A: Is he writin g or reading? B: ________. A. Yes, he is B. No, he isn’t C. He’s reading D. Yes, he is writing. ( )5. The men ________ to the radio. A. are listening B. listening C. is listen ing D. are listenning ( 6. Thanks for_______me. A. helps B. is helping C. helping D. help ( )7. We are doing ______. A. our homework B. our homeworks C. her homework D. his homework ( )8. Here ______ a photo of my family. You can see me in it. A. are B. is C. am D. be ( )9.______ the first photo, I ______ at the mall. A. On; shop B. On; shopping C. In; am shoping D. In; am shopping ( )10. Do you want ___ ___ to the movies with us this evening? A. go B. to go C. goes D. going ( )11. Look，Nancy _______ a letter to her parents. A. writing B. is writing C. is writeing D. writes ( )12. Listen! Who___ ______? ---Emma is. A. singing B. is singing C. sing D. are singing ( )13. —Where is Mike? —He’s _______ the pool. A. swim at B. swimming at C. swiming at D. swims ( )14.It’s six o’clock. The Green family _______ dinner. A. is eating B. are eatting C. are eating D. eats ( )15. Jimmy likes _______ soccer. Look! He is _________ soccer. A. playing; playing B. play; play C. plays; plays D. playing; plays ( )16. That sounds very _______.A. nice B. good C. well D. and B ( )17.This is a photo _______ my family.A. of B. on C. in D. ’s ( )18. Who _______my parents talking _______? A. are; / B. is; / C. are; to D. is; at ( )19. Kate has many _______，and she likes _______ very much.
A. pictures; them B. picture; them C. pictures; it D. picture; it ( )20. Thank you for _________ me a letter. A. write B. to write C. is writing D. writing ( )2 1. Please be quiet, my grandfather___________ . A sleep B sleeps C is sleeping D are sleeping ( ) 22. In__________ photo, a boy is playing soccer. A two B second C the two D the second ( )2 3. Look! Mary and her brother ___________ there. A are talking over B is talking over C are talking to D are talking about ( ) 24. I_________ my room every day. But now I __________. . A clean, am reading B am cleaning, reading C cleaning, read D clean, read ( ) 25. In the picture you can see a boy swimming. His father ___________ him. A sees B is looking C is look at D is watching ( ) 26. It’s 7o’clock. Tom___________ dinner at home. A is having B have C has D having ( ) 27. We __ any Chinese classes on Thursdays. And we __an English class now. A aren’t having, are having B don’t have , have C don’t have, are having D aren’t having, don’t have ( ) 28. ----Let’s go to the park, Lily. ----. Shall we go now? A Sorry, I can’t B Sure C It’s boring D Thanks ( ) 29. -----Ling Ming, are you listening or writing? ----. A Yes, I am B I’m listening C No, I am not writing D I’m listening and writing ( ) 30. -----What are you doing? ----- _________. It is too dirty. A I’m doing my homework B I’m playing computer games C I’m cleaning the room D I’m writing 二、完型填空。（10 分） It s a fine Sunday morning. There ______(1) many children in the park. They are ______(2) happily. Some are playing ______(3) under a big tree. Some girls are singing and ______(4). Some boys __ ____(5) running up the hill. Li Lei's ______(6) by the lake. He's reading a story. ______(7) is Wang Lin? He's standing over there. ______(8)is he doing? He's looking ______(9) a nice butterfly（蝴蝶）. He ______(10) to catch it. （ ）1. A. is B. are C. am （ ）2. A. playing B. sing C. dance （ ）3. A. the tennis B. the football C. games （ ）4. A. danceing B. to dance C. dancing （ ）5. A. are B. is C. am （ ）6. A. sitting B. sit C. siting （ ）7. A. What B. Who C. Where （ ）8. A. Where B. What C. Who （ ）9. A. down B. after C. for （ ）10. A. want B. is wanting C. wants 三、阅读理解。（10 分） It is six forty in the morning. The children are coming into the classroom. A girl is opening the
windows. Some are laughing and talking. Some are listening to them. Some are reading books. Some are doing their homework. Miss Lin is standing behind the teacher’s desk. She is writing on the blackboard. Sue and Anna are wearing their new dresses today. Ann is cleaning her desk. Mike is helping her. They all look happy. What are Bill and Bob doing? Oh, dear! They are still playing basketball. ( )1. The children are _________. A. in the school B .at home C. in a boat D. on the hill. ( )2. What are the children NOT doing? A. Doing their homework B. Writing on the blackboard C. Laughing or talking D. Reading books. ( )3. The teacher is _______.A. Miss Gao B. Miss Lin C. Sue D. Four ( )4. How many students are not in the classroom?______ A. One B. T wo C. Three D.. Four ( )5.Which is Not right? _______ A. Ann is cleaning the blackboard. B. Mike is helping Ann clean her desk. C. Bill and Bob are still playing basketball. D.The students all look happy. 四、根据句意和所给词的首字母完成单词。（10 分） 1. Look! My brother is swimming at the swimming p______. 2. We can borrow some books from the school l______. 3.Let’s go s________ at the mall. 4.He is taking pictures with a c________. 5This is my family p________. 6Look! My mother is c________ the house.7.Nancy is t________ on the phone. 8.Hurry up!(快点) They’re w_________ for us. 9.Jack’s mother is w________ TV in the bedroom. 10. Look! They are r_________. 五．用所给的单词的适当形式填空。(10 分) 1. The __________(man) are playing cards under the tree in the park. 2. Listen! Lisa (sing) in the next classroom. 3. Look, Jack! Who ____________(clean) the blackboard? 4. We want ___________(buy) some books. 5. Can you ______________(look) after th e child, Ann? 6. It is seven o’clock . They ___ __________(eat) some cakes. 7. ___________(do) he often get up early? Yes, he does. He __________(read) English now. 8. Let’s ____________(have) some salad. Good idea . I like it very much. 9Listen, some boys _______________(talk) in the room. 六．句型转换。（10 分） 1. Ann is reading under the tree. （ 就 划 线 部 分 提 问 ） __________ _______ Ann ____________? 2. They are cleaning the desks. （就划线部分提问） ________ _________ they __________?
3. Tom often draws pictures in the evening. (用 now 改写句子) Tom ______ ______ pictures now. 4. Linda is writing a letter to her pen pal. (改为否定句) Linda______ ______a letter to her pen pal. 七．据课文翻译句子。（10 分） 1.我正在看电视。 I am _________ TV. 2.他们正在打电话。They’re _______ _________ the phone. 3.Tom 正在做家庭作业吗？ 不，他在写信。 Is Tom ______ his
_____a _____. 4.你想去看电影吗？Do you _______ ________ _______ to the movies? 5.这个电视节目很无聊。This _____ _______ is ________. 6.你妈妈正在等谁？ ________ is your mother ______ _______? 7.我爷爷在看报纸。 My grand father is __________ ___________ __________. 八．作文（10 分） 假如现在是晚上七点半，请你根据 Tom 提供的信息，写一篇短文描述 Tom 一家人此刻的 活动情况，六十词左右。 Father Mother Grandfather Tom Nancy Read a book Clean the room Wash the clothes Do his homework Play with the cat
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