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高二英语假期作业(八)

时间:2017-01-05


郑口中学高二英语假期作业(八) 命题人:陈健 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分, 满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 A It is good to get in touch with your inner child from time to time,and obviously some people are willing to pay big money for the chance to do so in a proper environment.A Brooklyn-based adult preschool is charging customers between $333 and $999 for the chance to act like a kid again. At Preschool Mastermind in New York adults get to participate in show—and—tell, arts—and—crafts such as finger paint,games like musical chairs and even take naps.The month-long course also has class picture day where the adults are expected to have a field trip and a parent day. 30-year-old Michelle Joni Lapidos,the brain behind the adult preschool,studied childhood education and has always wanted to be a preschool teacher.She’s always on the lookout for new ways to get people in touch with the freedom of childhood.A friend encouraged her to start the mastermind course instead. According to Candice,her blogger friend,Preschool Mastermind gives adults a chance to relearn and master the things that they failed to understand as children.―I realized all the significances of what we learn in preschool,‖said founder Michelle Joni,―People come here and get in touch with their inner child.It’s magical.We are bringing ourselves back to another place, another time with ourselves when we are more believing in ourselves, more confident and ready to take on the world.‖ ―One person’s here because they want to learn not to be so serious . ‖Michelle said.―Another's here to learn to be more confident.‖ She explained that most of the classes were planned.However,Joni added that while the planned activities were fun,it was often the spontaneous(自发的)moments that attracted students.―It’s the things you don’t plan for,the sharing between friends and learning from each other.’’

21.What is the purpose of Preschool Mastermind? A.To give adults a chance to return to childhood. B.To help parents understand their children better. C.To provide practical training courses for teachers. D.To introduce some ways of playing with children. 22.What is mainly discussed about Preschool Mastermind in Paragraph 2 ? A.Its customers. B.Its activities. C.Its environment. D.Its schedule.

23.According to Candice,people come to this program to________. A.enjoy freedom of thinking C.discover their inner abilities 24.What do we know about Michelle Joni? A.She used to be a preschool teacher. C.She founded Preschool Mastermind. B.She likes to make plans in advance. D.She gained confidence by sharing. B Back in 2003 an 86-year-old man drove his Buick through a crowded farmers’ market. Nine people were killed. More than fifty-four people were hurt, fourteen with serious injuries. When he finally stopped, the 86-year-old man got out his car and screamed at people to get out of the way. No alcohol or drugs were found in his system. Apparently, he was just old and confused. This is a frightening accident, and it is not a rare one. There are many examples of elderly drivers driving into swimming pools, houses, storefronts, or worse. In our teenage years, we all heard ―driving is not a right; it’s a privilege.‖ That is still true, and there comes an age when driving is no longer a privilege that can be allowed. After a certain age, eyesight and dementia(痴呆) are very serious concerns. Undoubtedly, these age-related problems affect some older adults’ driving ability. By the time a person is between eighty-five and ninety years old, his or her driving privilege should be examined. Licensing laws vary greatly from state to state, and it’s time for a national law on the maximum age limit for driving. The motivation for this law is safety. Another option is to start with laws that ban anyone over the age of eighty-five from driving after sundown, because driving conditions are not as safe as daylight hours. Still another option that may allow elderly drivers to continue driving could be new technology like a voice warning system that cautions drivers on B.realize their childhood dreams D.figure out childhood puzzles

busy streets or at traffic lights. Finally, since there are laws against driving under the influence of alcohol and drugs, shouldn’t some prescription drugs also be included? The average age of 85-year-old is undoubtedly taking at least one prescription drug daily. The thought of an 86-year-old driver with failing eyesight running down the road in a two-ton piece of metal is unsettling to us all. Driving at an advanced age is not only challenging for the elderly drivers, but also it’s dangerous for the rest of us. 25. The first paragraph is written in order to show_________. A. the harm of driving at an old age C. traffic accidents are on the rise B. the importance of traffic safety D. many elderly drivers are careless

26. The author suggests that there should be new laws against driving __________. A. over eighty-five C. with the help of voice warning systems B. between sunset and dawn D. under the influence of prescription drugs

27. The underlined word ―unsettling‖ in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to ―________‖. A. disappointing B. worrying C. touching D. interesting

28. Which of the following would be the best title for the text? A. How to keep old people safe on the road? B. Are drivers well protected by licensing laws? C. Should there be an age limit for elderly drivers? D. Is driving a right or a privilege for an old person? C I first came across the concept of pay-what-you-can cafes last summer in Boone, N.C., where I ate at F.A.R.M (Feed All Regardless of Means) Café . You can volunteer to earn your meal, pay the suggested price($10) or less, or you can overpay—paying it forward for a future customer’s meal. My only regret after eating there was not having a chance to give my time. So as soon as Healthy World Caféopened in York in April, I signed up for a volunteer shift(轮班). F.A.R.M and Healthy World are part of a growing trend of community café s. In 2003, Denise Cerreta opened the first in Salt Lake City. Cerreta now runs the One World Everybody Eats Foundation, helping others copy her pay-what-you can model.

―I think the community café is truly a hand up, not a handout,‖ Cerreta said. She acknowledged that soup kitchens(施粥所) have a place in society, but people typically don’t feel good about going there. ―One of the values of the community café is that we have another approach,‖ she said. ―Everyone eats here, no one needs to know whether you volunteered, overpaid or underpaid.‖ The successful café s not only address hunger and food insecurity but also become necessary parts of their neighborhood – whether it’s a place to learn skills or hear live music. Some teach cooking to seniors; some offer free used books. Eating or working there is a reminder that we are all in this world together. My 10 am---1pm shift at World-Healthy-Cafébegan with the cafémanager – one of the two paid staff members. Our volunteer crew wasn’t the most orderly, but we managed to prepare and serve meals with a lot of laughs in between. At the end of my shift, I ordered my earned meal at the counter, together with other volunteers. After lunch, I walked out the door, with a handful of new friends, music in my head and a satisfied belly and heart. 29. What did the author do at F.A.R.M Cafélast summer? A. She enjoyed a meal. C. She overpaid for the food. B. She ate free of charge. D. She worked as a volunteer.

30. What is the advantage of community café s compared with soup kitchens? A. People can have free food. C. People can stay as long as they like. B. People can maintain their dignity. D. People can find their places in society.

31. Why are community café s becoming popular in the neighborhoods? A. They bring people true friendships. C. They create a lot of job opportunities. B. They help to bring people together. D. They support local economic development.

32. How did the author feel about working at Healthy World Café ? A. It paid well. B. It changed her. C. It was beneficial. D We took a rare family road trip to the Adirondacks in late August,and it was as refreshing and exhausting as family vacations tend to be.Toward the end of our long drive home, even the kids were leaning forward in their seats urging my lead foot on.At that point in a road trip,even sixty-five miles per hour feels slow. We have become numb to our speed and numb to the road D. It was easy for her.

signs flashing by. My family lives on the edge of Lancaster County. Only thirty miles from home,I hit the brakes,and we began to roll,slowly,behind a horse-drawn carriage. We began to open our eyes again.We saw familiar green hills and the farm with the best watermelons. I rolled down the windows, and we breathed again.Just-cut hay and a barn full of dairy cattle. At five miles per hour, you remember what you forget at sixty-five. You are thinking about a place,even when you are moving from place to place. I am a placemaker. A homemaker, too. I am a mother of a young kid at home,and also a writer and a gardener. But, for me, those roles are wrapped up with the one big thing I want to do with the rest of my life:I want to cultivate a place and share it with others. The place I make with my family is a red-brick farmhouse built in l880. It has quite a few nineteenth-century bedrooms and a few acres of land,and we love nothing more than to fill them with neighbors and friends. We grow vegetables and flowers, keep a baker’s dozen of egg—laying chickens,and,since we moved in three years ago,we have planted many,many trees. Living with my life’s purpose does not allow for much travel. I need to be here,feeding the chickens and watering the tomatoes. Any extra in the budget,and we spend it on trees. But I learned something at the end of our family road trip.Travel can help me in the task of caring for my own place. When I slow down and pay attention to the road between here and there, travel tells me the connections between my place and all the other places. 33.What does the author try to express in the first paragraph? A.The tiredness of her past family life. B.Her disappointment at the family road trip.

C.The family’s eagerness to return home.D.Kids’excitement at driving fast on the road. 34.Why did the author slow her car some miles from her home? A.Because she made a way for a horse-drawn carriage. B.Because she enjoyed the scenery along the road. C.Because she needed a break after the long drive. D.Because she wanted to get rid of a fast-paced life. 35.What can be the best title of the passage? A.On the Way Home C.Escape from a Family Life B.Never Travel again D.Life on the Farm

第二节 根据短文内容,从文后的选项中选出能填人空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余 选项。 E The book A Big Fat Crisis: The Hidden Forces Behind Obesity and How We Can End It by Deborah Cohen, a senior natural scientist, is very popular now. __36___ But according to this book, the following are some misunderstandings of obesity or being overweight. 1. If you're obese, blame your genes. ___37__ Yet, between 1980 and 2000, the number of Americans who are obese has doubled-----too quickly for genetic factors to be responsible. At restaurants, a dollar puts more calories on our plates than ever before, because restaurant meals usually have more calories than what we prepare at home, so people who eat out more frequently have higher rates of obesity than those who eat out less. 2. If you're obese, you lack self-control. Research shows that if we are faced with too much information, we have a tendency to make poor choices on diet. ___38___ Even the most vigilant(警觉的)people may not be good controllers of themselves. 3. __39____ Although the US Department of Agriculture estimates that fewer than 5 percent of Americans live in the "food deserts", about 65 percent of the nation's population is obese. For most of us, obesity is not related to access to more fresh fruits and vegetables, but to the choices we make in supermarkets. 3. The problem is not that we eat too much, but that we don't exercise. Michelle Obama's "Let’s Move" campaign is based on the idea that if kids exercise more, childhood obesity rates will decrease. __40___ In fact, although a drop in work-related physical activity may explain up to 100 fewer calories burned, leisure physical activity appears to have increased. A. Lack of access to fresh fruits and vegetables is a cause of obesity. B. Obesity rates have increased. C. Fresh fruits and vegetables we choose in a supermarket are related to obesity. D. But there was no obvious decrease in physical activity levels as obesity rates climbed in the

1980s and 1990s. E. People hold different views on obesity. F. People benefit a lot from physical activities. G. Our world has become so rich in food that we can be led to consume too much in ways we can't understand. 第三部分 语言运用 完型填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)
阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

In the week before Christmas, one Delta airlines pilot gave a sad Arizona family a gift that no one else could. Father of three, Jay short died after a ___41_with lung cancer Dec, 16th. Three days later, his family was attempting to _42___to Tennessee for the funeral scheduled for the next morning. But a 90-munite _43__at the Phoenix airport __44__them only seven minutes to make their connecting flight in Minnesota. ―This was our __45__chance to say goodbye to my dad, and if we hadn’t __46___the flight, we would have missed the ____47__.‖ Jay’s daughter said. But when they arrived at the gate, the last plane of the day to Memphis was __48__away from the gate. ―My son was ___49___his arms and pleading with the pilot through the floor-to ceiling windows.‖ said Marcia, ―I was ___50__ and comforting my girls who were also in tears when the phone rang, ___51___us that the pilot was returning to the gate to let us ___52__the plane.‖ Captain Adam Cohen saw the _53____on their faces through the gate’s windows and decided to turn the plane around. Airline experts pointed out Cohen could have __54___gotten into trouble for the ___55__decision, but Delta ___56_the move instead. ―This is __57____we’ll take with us, knowing we made a ____58____.‖ confirmed Adam. This story is an __59___that we can bring humanity back to society. Show care and it may ___60___you how far that you go. 41. A. competition 42. A ride 43. A. wait 44. A. spared 45. A. last B. symptom B run B. delay B. offered B. slight C. connection C fly C. interval C. brought C. rare D. battle D. drive D. sleep D. left D. proper

46. A. followed 47. A. doctor 48. A. keeping 49. A. raising 50. A. struggling 51. A. advising 52. A. land 53. A. appreciation 54. A. easily 55. A. careless 56. A. resisted 57. A. nothing 58. A. difference 59. A. activity 60. A. surprise

B. caught B. meeting B. bringing B. waving B. shouting B. informing B. guide B. satisfaction B. merely B. unusual B. opposed B. something B. change B. event B. panic

C. booked C. polite C. pulling C folding C. crying C. warning C. change C. desperation C. optionally C. selfless C. praised C. anything C. promise C. incident C. disappoint

D. confirmed D. funeral D. taking D. crossing D. praying D. instructing D. board D. caution D. deliberately D. unwise D. sponsored D. everything D. deal D. evidence D. embarrass

第 II 卷(共 60 分)
注意:将答案写在答题卡上,写在本试卷上无效。 第一节:语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Once a farmer lost his watch in his barn, in which lots of grain was kept. The watch, was a gift from his father, was very important to him and he was determined to find it. After searching the barn for a long time, however, he gave up and asked for help from a group of children who were playing nearby. He promised to give a great reward to found the watch. 63 (hear) this, the children hurried inside the barn immediately. 64 searched 62 61

everywhere but still could not find the watch buried in the grain. The farmer was about to give up 65 a little boy went up to him and asked to be given 66 second chance.

The farmer looked at him and thought, ―Why not? After all, this kid looks honest.‖ So the farmer sent the little boy back into the barn. After a while the little boy came out 67

the watch in his hand! The farmer, succeeded where the rest had failed. The boy replied, ―I did nothing but watch.‖

68

(surprise) but happy, asked the boy how he

69

(sit) quietly and listen for the sound of the

This shows us that sometimes a peaceful mind can think 短文改错(共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)

70 (well) than an excited one.

短文中共有 10 处语言错误,每行中最多两处错误。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在此处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出增加的词; 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\) 划掉; 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在其下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从十一处起)不计分。 My parents decided try a new Western restaurant last weekend, so I went with them. The evening started well and the menu looks good. I had soup with my starter but the waiter didn't bring a spoon so it was getting a bit cold after I could eat it. Then, for our main course, I had a piece of beef. Besides, I couldn't cut the beef because of my knife wasn't very good. For my dessert I had a apple pie but I didn't have a fork or a spoon so I ate them with my fingers! What a terribly experience! 第四节:书面表达 (满分 25 分) 假定你是李华,你的外教 Mr. Pick 回国前向你推荐了 American School Life 网站,希望 你借此提高英语水平。请你用英语给他写一封电子邮件,告诉他你的收获,要点如下: 1. 表达思念; 2. 上网收获; 3. 表示感激。

参考答案
阅读 21-24 ABDC 25-28 ADBC 完形:DCBDA 语法填空 61.which 66 a 62.whoever 63.Hearing 67 with 68 surprised 64.They 65 when 69. sit 70 better BDCBC 29-32 ABBC BDCAB 33-35 CBA CBADA 36-40 EBGAD

短文改错 1.try 前面加 to 2.looks →looked 3.with →for 4. after →before5.our →my 6.besides →However 7.去掉 of 8.a →an 9.them →it10.terribly →terrible Dear Mr. Pick, It's a fairly long time since you left our school. I miss you very much. Is everything going well? The website you’ve recommended to me is very beneficial to my English study. It has abundant reading materials that I need most, greatly broadening my horizon. Now I has become more interested in English. Besides, I’ve made many new friends and we communicate a lot about school life, cultures, science, and so on. Now I can express myself much better than ever. Thanks to your kindness and consideration, I’ve made rapid progress in English study. I owe all my achievements to you. I’m looking forward to more advice from you! Yours, Li Hua


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