温州二外 2014 学年第二学期高二学科知识竞赛
（考试时间：100 分钟 满分：100 分 命题老师：高杨露 审题老师：徐丽若）
第 I 卷(共 80 分)
第一部分： 听力理解（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 第一节 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项，并 标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。 每段对话仅读一遍。 1. Who is the man? A. The owner. B. A customer. C. A waiter. 2. What can we learn about the woman? A. She is attractive. B. She praised a man. C. She doesn?t like her work. 3. What will the speakers probably do next? A. Have a rest. B. See a doctor. C. Move the bed. 4. What does the man suggest the woman do? A. Feed the dog. B. Call Franklin for help. C. Show a toy to Charlie. 5. What time do the tickets go on sale? A. At noon. B. At 1:00 p.m. C. At midnight. 第二节 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有 2 至 4 个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中 选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有 5 秒钟的时间阅读各个小 题；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段对话，回答第 6、7 题。 6. What are the speakers mainly talking about? A. A painting. B. A photograph. C. A basket. 7. Where did the man find the thing? A. In an art gallery. B. At a hospital. C. On the street. 听第 7 段对话，回答第 8 至 10 题。 8. What will the man do with the tomatoes? A. Put them in a salad. B. Give some to his neighbors. C. Use them to grow his own. 9. What does the man think of the tomatoes? A. They are tasty. B. They look unique. C. They are very large. 10. According to the woman, what is the first step when growing tomatoes? A. To prepare good soil. B. To give them lots of light. C. To grow them close together. 听第 8 段对话，回答第 11、12 题。 11. Where is the woman?s husband from? A. Italy. B. America. C. China. 12. What do the speakers have in common? A. They speak Chinese. B. They come from China. C. They like Chinese food. 听第 9 段对话，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. Where does the conversation probably take place?
A. In a restaurant. B. In a store. C. At a farmer?s market. 14. How do the speakers know each other? A. They were high school classmates. B. They studied their master?s degree together. C. They worked in Hollywood years ago. 15. Who is Steve Rodgers? A. The man. B. The man?s son. C. The woman?s husband. 16. Where did the woman live in 2006? A. In Iceland. B. In Los Angeles. C. In Berkeley. 听第 10 段对话，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. How many emergency exits are there on this plane? A. Five. B. Six. C. Sixteen. 18. According to the announcement, where might the closest exit be? A. Behind the passengers. B. At the front of the plane. C At the back of the plane. 19. What should passengers do with their luggage? A. Give it to the air hostess. B. Store it safely during the flight. C. Take it away during an emergency. 20. When can this announcement be heard? A. Before the plane takes off. B. Just before landing. C. At airport security. 第二部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 30 分） 第一节：单项填空（共 20 小题；每小题 0.5 分，共 10 分） 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。 21. As a businessman he was successful, but as a husband he was _________ failure, so his marriage ended in ________ failure. A. /; / B. /; a C. a; a D. a; / 22. The death of Bin Laden is a great ____________ in the global fight against terrorism (恐怖主义). A. progress B. achievement C. evidence D. responsibility 23. ________ you eat the correct kinds of foods ______ be able to stay healthy. A. Only if; will you B. Only if; you will C. Unless; will you D. Unless; you will 24. ----What made the host and hostess so disappointed? ----________to attend the evening party. A. Tom failed B. As Tom failed C. Tom?s failing D. Because Tom failed 25. ---- Oh, my God, a sea of cars! How can you _____________ yours? ----A piece of cake! Mine is very different from any other car in color. A. bring out B. pick out C. pick up D. bring up 26. The explorers were told to ___________ themselves with everything they would need for their voyage. A. communicate B. decorate C. equip D. associate
27. They failed to pass the exam last time. I regretted___________ them. A. to be not able to help B. not being able to help C. being not able to help D. not to be able to help 28. With facts, we cannot form a worthwhile opinion, for we need to have factual knowledge ________ our thinking. A. upon which to base B. which to be based on C. which to base on D. to which to be based on 29. So far we?ve made great progress. ____________, we are sure that the project will be completed in time. A. However B. Otherwise C. Therefore D. Besides 30. Probably, one day you will _____________ the idea that medicine can make one come back to life. A. convince B. convince of C. be convinced D. be convinced of 31. _________ the city center, we saw a stone statue of about 10 meters in height. A. Approaching B. Approached C. To approach D.Being approached 32. For more than 25 years, The Simpsons has won the hearts of fans in a way that goes _______ ages, languages and cultures. A. over B. through C. beyond D. against 33. _____ they decide which college to go to, students should do research on the admission procedures (程序). A. As B. While C. Until D. Once 34. All the scientific evidence _________ that the increasing use of chemicals in farming _______ damaging our health. A. show; are B. shows; are C. shows; is D. show; is 35. ----Would she mind playing against her former teammates? ----______________ She is willing to play against any tough player. A. I think so. B. I?m not surprised. C. Of course! D. Not likely! 36. Our job is with ___ ____ hours: one can work in the morning or in the afternoon, so long as work for no less than five hours every day. A. changeable B. various C. tight D. flexible 37. No one can imagine _______ life would be like without referring to modern technology. A. that B. what C. how D. when 38. The fire shouldn?t have broken out yesterday, but the cook _______ really careless. A. was B. is C. were D. would be 39.—What do you think of the movie last night? —When I got there it _______, so I only watched the end. A. finished B. had finished C. was finishing D. has finished 40. -- Shall I prepare breakfast before you leave for work? --____________. I?ll get something to eat at the company?s dining room. A. Good for you B. Not a chance C. Go for it D. Don?t bother 第二节：完形填空 （共 20 小题; 每小题 1 分, 满分 20 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，从第 41-60 各题所给的四个选项（A 、B、C 和 D）中选出 最佳选项，并在答题卷上将该项涂黑。
Last spring, Michelle fell in love with kite-boarding, an adventure sport that combines surfing and sailing. So she got a kite-board, took some 41 and a few months later drove out to the Banana River. There she met John, who offered to help her 42 her skills. One day, John 43 Michelle while his wife, Nancy, stayed behind on a Jet Ski (摩托艇). In that way, there would be 44 to bring back Michelle if she got into trouble. After John gave her a few 45 , he took off. He?d sailed about three quarters of a mile down the river when he felt the wind 46 . He knew that the stronger the wind grew, the more 47 it would be for Michelle to control her board. 48 , he turned and started sailing back toward the two women. Michelle had 49 decided to head for shore. The wind was too strong for her to handle the kite. She prepared to land her 50 by releasing one of the four lines that kept the sail in the air. 51 she didn?t have a chance. She was thrown over the water, still 52 to the kite. Seconds later, a huge wind sent the kite upward. Even more dangerous, the sail?s lines started to twist together, round and round. Michelle 53 to free from the kite. But she failed. Nancy was several hundred feet away on the Jet Ski and couldn?t get to her 54 enough to help. By then, John had closed in and Michelle felt John 55 her out of the water. As she held his arm, he tried to pull the handle but couldn?t 56 it. Then suddenly, John let go. At that point, Michelle was sure she would die without him holding 57 her. But John had seen Nancy approaching and 58 that he?d have a better chance of helping Michelle. He jumped onto the Jet Ski. As the kite dived down, with all his 59 , he jumped from the Jet Ski onto the kite and dragged it to the water. Finally Michelle was saved. This experience hasn?t kept Michelle from loving kite-boarding. “Life is fragile (脆弱的), but it?s meant to be 60 ,” she says. 41. A. lectures B. lessons C. skills D. measures 42. A. show B. teach C. require D. improve 43. A. expected B. controlled C. instructed D. saved 44. A. anyone B. everyone C. none D. someone 45. A. sails B. chances C. tips D. handles 46. A. get up B. slow down C. die down D . pick up 47. A. challenging B. exciting C. interesting D. frightening 48. A. Amazed B. Worried C. Frustrated D. Surprised 49. A. always B. still C. already D. even 50. A. board B. line C. boat D. kite 51. A. So B. And C. Or D. But 52. A. attached B. appealed C. applied D. added 53. A. managed B. attempted C. demanded D. advised 54. A. bravely B. nearly C. slowly D. quickly 55. A. fetch B. bring C. lift D. put 56. A. reach B. sense C. remember D. feel 57. A. down B. onto C. back D. out 58. A. doubted B. insisted C. figured D. pretended 59. A. heart B. strength C. care D. consideration 60. A. enjoyed B. pleased C. pushed D. spent
第三部分: 阅读理解（共 15 小题，每小题 2 分, 满分 30 分）
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂
黑。 A Is the world clear out of geniuses (天才)? Will we ever have another Copernicus, another Darwin, another Einstein to shake our beliefs? Keith Simonton, professor of psychology at the University of California, has devoted the better part of his career to studying geniuses——people who possess what he calls the highest level of scientific creativity. Simonton is talking about more than just wisdom. A true genius, the rare member of society, is a Renaissance human who can completely change the way we understand the world. Geniuses are people who come up with “surprising ideas that are not a mere extension (延伸) of what is already known”. A historical tour through the scientific revolution contains many people who fit this definition (定义), such as Einstein, Copernicus, Darwin, Galileo, Newton and Marie Curie. Each man and woman totally upended (颠覆) entire fields of research, or created entirely new ones. Simonton argues: “When was the last time that someone forced us to rewrite the textbooks in some field? Can you think of anybody since DNA? Stephen Hawking? I?m not so sure by my definition. Just a highly creative scientist.” So let?s agree we?ve lost modern geniuses. Actually people are not duller as a whole and certainly scientists have high IQs. They probably have more original intelligence than people like Copernicus, because they have to gain so much more experience and knowledge to even become practiced in their fields. “Once you didn?t need to go to college to become a great scientist. Later you needed college but not graduate school (研究生院). Then graduate school but not a post-doctoral school.” Simonton said. “It?s becoming increasingly difficult to be a learned scientist.” The biggest and most fundamental problems in science have been solved. Every new advancement is just fitting in a piece in a larger puzzle. The scientists who will do this are still honorable individuals: Simonton compares them to Olympians. Just as athletes can win an Olympic gold medal by beating the world record only by a small part of a second, scientists can receive Nobel prizes for improving a small bit of theories. But the next great advances in research are combination of the classic subjects, Simonton points out. In the last century, we?ve gained astro-biology, astro-physics, bio-chemistry, and the like. When two subjects are mixed now, the result builds upon the work in the two subjects. Are there any great chances for combination of the major subjects? For biology, maybe it?s the origin of life: What?s the spark that got amino acids (氨基酸) to form proteins that eventually result in cells? In physics, maybe it?s the inability to unite gravity with the three other forces of nature. “It may well be that the only way to unite the four forces of nature i s to rebuild physics from the ground up. That would take a major revolution. It takes only one new scientific genius to do that,” he wrote. 61. How many geniuses does Keith Simonton mention in the passage? A. 3 B. 5 C. 6 D. 7 62. Simonton believes people nowadays_______. A. are less intelligent than former generations B. can?t think as properly as Copernicus did C. are not working hard to be knowledgeable D. need more education to become scientists 63. In Simonton?s eyes, modern scientists are making their contribution by _______. A. improving theories a bit B. solving biggest problems C. performing honorable deeds D. receiving Nobel prizes 64. From the last two paragraphs, we learn that future scientific geniuses _______.
A. will know a classic subject thoroughly C. must under stand amino acids and cells
B. should work on more than one subject D. can explain the four forces of nature
B Dogs can bring joy and companionship into our lives. Coming home to a wagging tail and an eager smile creates a feeling of love and happiness. In fact, having a pet can reduce stress, lower blood pressure and relieve depression. Here are tips for handling, training, and owning dogs. Choosing the right dog for you. Here you can see we have a German Shepherd (牧羊犬), a Boxer (拳师犬), and an English Bulldog. A Shepherd is a guarding dog; the Boxer is more of a working dog; A Bulldog likes to hang out, which is kind of a couch potato, if you?re a laid back person and don?t want to run down the beach with a dog, the perfect dog is a Bulldog. Approaching an unfamiliar dog. The first thing about approaching an unfamiliar dog, is that if you?re going to reach your hands towards the dog, you need to do it from underneath, so your hand is not given to the dog in a threatening manner, which can be interpreted as being hit. You let them smell you first. When they smell you, don?t flinch (畏缩), or take a sudden move, because you can scare the dog, and get bitten. You?re to show your friendly side to the dog. Pet food. The first thing about buying pet food is what?s the right type of food for your dog. Usually cheap pet foods are not good for dogs, they tend to have more health problems throughout their life. So starting on a healthy food is important. Look for food with no fillers, and no artificial flavors, or dyes. When feeding them, it?s good to give them a metal bowl. A lot of times the plastic bowls can cause anger to their mouth. Exercising your dog. Walking is always a great form of exercise, good for you, great for dogs. And swimming is another great form of exercise for you too. And sometimes what you should do is get on the bicycle, and let them get a good run on, and that allows you to maintain your position as leader in front of them. Exercising them also keeps them from getting into b ored behaviors like chewing and digging and that sort of thing. Biting dog. If you have a biting dog, the best thing to do, along with a firm no, is trying not to be emotional about it. Just be firm. Give it a little pop beneath the chin (下巴) to close its mouth, and it?ll remember the result. You can trap it into putting its mouth on you. And then make it close the jaw, creating that pop sound, which it doesn?t like. 65. When approaching an unfamiliar dog, you?d better be ________. A. brave and prepared to hit it B. friendly and let it smell you C. careful and ready to run away D. playful and feed it to the mouth 66. What is the right thing to do in keeping your dog? A. Feeding your dog with cheap food. B. Offering pet food in a plastic bowl. C. Cycling with your dog running behind. D. Training the dog chewing and digging. 67. To keep your dog from the bad habit of biting things, you can ________. A. shout at it with a loud “no” B. pretend to hit it with a stick C. just be firm and ignore it D. put its jaw to a sudden shut C About 500 years ago, the Spanish explorer Christopher Columbus proved the Earth was round. Now American author Thomas Friedman tells us the Earth is flat in his best seller: The World Is Flat: A Brief History of the Twenty-First Century. If he is not joking, then why is the world flat? Friedman says it is due to technological forces. Because of the Internet and the World Wide Web, he believes geographical barriers ( 障碍 ) are
disappearing. Individuals (个人) and companies around the world can cooperate or compete on the same level. Bill Gates explains the meaning of this transformation best. “Thirty years ago,” he tells Friedman, “if you had to choose between being born a genius in Shanghai and an average person in Poughkeepsid (a city in southeast New York), you would have chosen Poughkeepsie because your chances of living a wonderful life were much greater there. “Now,” Gates says, “I would rather be a genius born in China than an average person born in Poughkeepsie.” This shows that success today is determined more by ability than by location. “Globalization 3.0”, as he calls it, is driven by ambitious individuals: freelancers (自由职业者) and creative new businesses all over the world, especially in India and China. They can compete not just for low-salary manufacturing industry but, increasingly, for the highest-end research and design work as well. Big companies have played another important role in this globalization process. They move their factories from one country to another to cut costs. It?s usual now for an engineer in China to be working for an American company. The Internet keeps them in constant touch with their American partners. People everywhere, from the US to China, have procedures of the same standard for getting their work done. The Reuters news agency provides a good example. The company moved its operation offices from London and New York to India. The Indian employees have the necessary technical skills. But the salaries and office rents are less than one-fifth of what they would be in New York or London. 68. Friedman tells us that the Earth is flat ____. A. to prove Columbus?s idea is wrong B. based on the wide use of the Internet C. using some technological forces D. because of the great change of the Earth itself 69. The underlined words Bill Gates says suggest that _______. A. he would like more to succeed depending on his own abilities B. he thinks he would have more chances to live a good life in Shanghai C. he thinks highly of himself as he is a genius D. he thinks he could be successful more easily in Shanghai 70. According to the passage, “Globalization 3.0” is mainly about the fact that_____ A. Chinese and Indian industry will have a great influence on the world. B. Ambitious individuals drive the world forward. C. Many great companies are moving th eir factories to developing countries. D. Individuals and companies around the world cooperate and compete well. 71. The writer writes this passage in order to ____. A. prove the Earth is flat, which is opposite to Christopher Col umbus?s idea B. tell us how B ill Gates succeeded through his own hard work C. tell us why some international companies move their departments to other countries D. explain the modern technology makes geographical barriers unimportant D Some people seem easy to understand: their character appears obvious on the first meeting. Appearances, however, can be deceptive. For thirty years now I have been studying my fellowmen. I do n?t know very much about them. I shrug my shoulders when people tell me that their first
impressions of a person are always right. For my own part I find that the longer I know people the more they puzzle me. I read in this morning?s paper that Edward Burton had died. He was a merchant and had been in business for many years. Once he gave me a great surprise. Unless I had heard the story from his own lips, I?d never have believed that he was capable of such an action. He was always neatly and quietly dressed in accordance with his age and position. He didn?t talk much, but what he said was sensible. You couldn?t imagine he?d possibly raise his voice in anger. Here was a man who attracted you because you felt in him a real love for his fellows. He?d tell with point a good and spicy story, and in his youth he?d been something of an athlete. He was a rich man and he?d made every penny himself. I suppose one thing that made you like him was that he was so weak; he aroused your instincts (本能) of protection. You felt he couldn?t bear to hurt a fly. One afternoon Burton told me a “funny” story in a quiet, dry humour: “There was a namesake (同名人) of mine, who was the best bridge player I ever met. He seemed to have a fantastic instinct about the cards. I used to play with him a lot. “He was handsome in a way with curly hair and pink-and-white cheeks. Women thought a lot of him. There was no harm in him, he was only wild. Of course he drank too much. He won a good deal of my money by card-playing. “One day he came to me when he went broke. He came to see me in my office and asked me for a job. I asked him how old he was. “ ?Thirty-five,? he said. “ ?And what have you been doing?? I asked him. “ ?Well, nothing very much,? he said. “ ?I?m afraid I can?t do anything for you now,? I couldn?t help laughing. ?Come back and see me in another thirty-five years, and I?ll see what I can do.? “He didn?t move. He went rather pale. He hesitated for a moment and then he told me that he had had bad luck at cards for some time. He hadn?t a penny. If he couldn?t get something to do he?d have to commit suicide.” “I looked at him for a bit. I could see now that he was all to pieces. He?d been drinking more than usual and he looked fifty. The girls wouldn?t have thought so much of him if they?d seen him then. “ ?Well isn?t there anything you can do except playing cards?? I asked him. “ ?I can swim,? he said. ?I once swam for my university.? “I got some idea of what he was driving at. I?ve known too many men who used to be popular at their university. “Suddenly I had an idea.” Pausing in his story, Burton turned to me. “When I was young I swam over three miles round the beacon (灯塔) and landed at the river of Tarumi. It?s rather difficult on account of the currents round the beacon. Well, I told my young fellow about it and I said that if he?d do it I?d give him a job. “I could see he was rather taken aback. He was not in good condition for sports. He looked at me for a moment and then he nodded. “I told him I?d drive round to the river at half past twelve and meet him. “ ?Done,? he said. “I wished him good luck and he left me. I had much work to do that morning and I only just managed to get to the river at half past twelve. But I needn?t have hurried; he never turned up.”
“Did he give up at the last moment?” I asked. “No, he didn?t. He started all right. But of course he?d ruined his health by drink. The currents round the beacon were more than he could manage. We didn?t get his body for about three days.” I didn?t say anything for a moment or two. I was shocked. Then I asked: “When you offered him that job, did you know he?d be drowned?” He looked at me with his kind blue eyes, smiling. “Well, I hadn?t got a vacant position in my office at the moment.” 72. The underlined words “he was all to pieces” may mean_______. A. he was mad and wild B. he was completely down C. he was sick and dirty D. he was totally drunk 73. We can infer from Burton?s story that his namesake _______. A. never saw through his trick B. annoyed him by playing cards C. could not do any job well D. intended to cheat him with a lie 74. We learned from the story that Edward Burton _______. A. knew the young man would kill himself B. arranged the end of his namesake?s life C. did much for the poor fellowman D. killed his card-friend by mistake 75. Edward Burton could be described as a(n) ________ person. A. innocent B. smart C. careless D. evil
第 II 卷 (共 20 分)
第四部分：写作（共三节，满分 20 分）
第一节：单词拼写（共 5 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 5 分。 ） 76. She turned the h____________ and slowly opened the door. 79. We are busy a____________ the meeting for the next week, so there is much to do. 80. Listening to music is a real d____________ to most of the people. It brings us pleasure and happiness. 81. The Koala is u________ to Australia. 82. As we all know, and e_________ is the heart of a machine, a plane or a car. 第二节：书面表达 （满分 15 分） 团队精神是青少年应该培养的优秀品质。请结合自身经历，用英语写一篇 100-120 词的短 文，讲述一件因为团队合作取得成功的事情，并略加评论。
温州二外 2014 学年第二学期高二学科知识竞赛
一．听力理解 20% 1—5 BABAA 6—10 CBBCA 11—15 CCABA 16—20 BCCBC 二．单项填空 10% 21—25 DBACB 26—30 CBDCD 31—35 ACDCD 36-40 DBACD 三．完形填空 20% 41-45 BDCDC 46-50 DABCD 51-55 DABDC 56-60 ABCBA 四．阅读理解 30% 61—65 CDABB 66-70 CDBAD71-75 DBABD 五．单词拼写 5% 76.handle 77.arranging 78.delight 79.unique 80.engine 六．书面表达 15% Teamwork can always do wonders. My experience of a recital competition can serve as a good example. To be the winner, every classmate went all out to prepare for it. Every one of us came up with their suggestions on which poem to choose, what music to go with it, and what to wear for the competition. We made use of whatever time was available to practice it despite the fact that we had sore throafs. Or …….to practice it despite the fact that we had sore throats. When it's our turn, nervous but secure among the big family, we put on our best performance. All our efforts paid off when we were declared the winner. Many hands make light work. It is our joint efforts and good teamwork that help us to go further and achieve higher.