? Enjoy a song, fill in the blanks please!
Although loneliness has always been a friend of mine. I'm leaving my life in your hands. People say I'm crazy that I am blind. risking it all in a glance. How you got me blind is still a mystery. I can’t get you out of my head. Don’t care what is written in your history. as long as you’re here with me.

are you _____ who _____ I don’t care _____ Object where You’re from _____ ______ _____ Clause ______ ______ ______ what you did



Learning Tasks 1.掌握名词性从句的种类及关联词的作用。 2.熟悉高考名词性从句的主要考点,掌握解题技 巧。

Practice time:请判断下列划线部分属哪种名词性从句。 1. What I want to do is watching TV. (主语从句) 2. The news that they won the game made us happy. (同位语从句)

(宾语从句) 3. I don’t know who helped me last night.. 4. The fact is that he stole the car. (表语从句) 5. Do you know the fact that he stole the car? (同位语从句) 6. It is said that they won the game.
名词性从句的特点:都有关联词引导, 用陈述句的语序。


subject clause

object clause

predicative clause

appositive clause

一. 名词性从句定义
1.在句子中起名词作用的句子叫名词性从句。 2.名词性从句的功能相当于名词词组, 它在复合句中 能担任主语、表语、宾语、同位语等成分。


{What he does is important
His job is important.




This is his job.

This is what he does every day.



I don’t like his job. I don’t like what he does every day.


{ I don’t know about the fact that he is a

I don’t know about the man, Mr. White.

1. 语序问题 2. 时态问题 3. 主谓一致问题 4. 连接词的辨别与考查
that,what ,which , whether, if, who, whom,whose, 重 点
whatever ,whichever,whoever ,whomever,whosever when, where, why, how …

5. it 作形式主语,形式宾语的用法

6 . 同位语从句与定语从句区别

考点1.语序问题 1.No one can be sure ____ in a million years.
A.what will man look like B. what man will look like C. man will look like what D. what look will man like

2.You can’t imagine ____ when they received these nice Christmas presents.
A. how they were excited C. how excited were they B. how excited they were D. they were how excited

总结归 纳:

陈述语序,从句 名词性从句在句中要用____ 的引导词必须始终置于______ 从句句首

The photographs will show you ______ A. what does our village look like B. What our village looks like C. how does our village look like D. how our village looks like (2010上海)When changing lanes, a driver should use his turning signal to let other drivers know___. A.he is entering which lane B.which lane he is entering C.is he entering which lane D.which lane is he entering

考点2. 时态问题
1. He said that he will go to the station.(改错) . would travels 2. Our physics teacher once told us that light __________ ( travel ) faster than sound. went (go) abroad last year and 3. Tom says that Mary ____ has been (be) there for nearly 5 months. _________ 1)主句的动词用过去时,从句谓语动词用相应 的某种过去时态 2)主句的动词用过去时,从句表示客观事实, 格言,谚语等 ,从句谓语动词用一般现在时
总结 归纳:

3)主句的动词用一般现在时,从句谓语可根据 需要选用各种时态



has (have) not been When the meeting will begin _____ decided yet .

are When they will start and where they will go_____(be)still unknown.
has (have) not When and where the meeting will begin _____ been decided yet . 单个的主语从句作主语时,谓语动词一般用 单数 形式。 _____ 如果是两个或两个以上的主语从句作主语, 复数 形式。 总结归 谓语动词则用_____ 纳: 由两个或多个连接词引导一个主语从句,谓 语动词用_____ 单数 形式。

连词分类 无词义 是否


在从句中充当的成分 不担任成分 不担任成分 主语 宾语 定语 主语、定语

从属 that 连词 whether/if

Who Whom Which

谁(主格) 谁(宾格) 谁的 哪一个,哪些

连接 Whose 代词


何时,……的时候 (在)哪里,…..地方 为什么,…..的原因

时间状语 地点状语 原因状语

连接 where 副词 why




考点4 连接词的辨别与选择


1.分清主句和从句→2.分析从句成分是否完 整 3.从句缺成分(需要连接代词补全) →4.从 句成分完整(根据句意和语气选择)①陈述 语气:that ②“是否”:whether/if③特殊 疑问语气:为何 why何时when何地where 如何(何种方式)how

Ex. 用适当的词填空,使下列从句意思完整。 (that ) he would go to college the 1. He told me _______

next year.
if / whether there will be a bus. 2. I don’t know __________

3. I really don’t know _______ whom you should depend
on if you don’t depend on your parents.

4. He didn’t tell me _______ when he would come back
from Shanghai next time.

5. Let me know _______ which train you’ll be arriving on.

6. We think it necessary _____ that we should do
homework every day.

7. Tom is very lazy. That is ____ why he didn’t pass
the exam.

8. This is ______ where we found the strange trees.
9. My idea is _____ that we should all do our best to

do everything well.
10. His first question was ________ whether Mr. Smith

had arrived or not.

本节重点 关联词具体用法辨析: a) b) c) d) that & what what & which whether & if 疑问词+ever与 no matter+疑问词

考点五a) 用that 或what 填空
? 1. I wonder if this is ______you are looking for. what ? 2. Our school is quite different from _______ what it was before. that if I passed the ? 3. Father made a promise ______ examination he would buy me a computer. What I can’t understand is why he has ? 4._______ changed his mind. ? 5.________the earth is round is known to us all. That ? 归纳:

连 词 _______ that 在从句中不作成分,只起连接作用, what 而_____ 在从句中作成分,且起连接作用。

That a new teacher will come is true . 1. _______ What he said at the meeting made us angry. _______ what you have 2. A computer can only do_________
instructed it to do. (01全国)

3. 中国不再是过去的样子了。

China is no longer ______ what it used to be .
4. A modern city has been set up in ______ was a
wasteland ten years ago. (04天津)

A. what

B. which

C. that

D. where

Homework: 1.Revise what we learnt in this period. 2.Exercises on page 15 in your workbook.

考点5 连接词 b) what / which what 1. ---Do you know______Miss Chen’s address is ? ---She may live at No. No. 3 3 or orNo. No.44 of Zhongshan which road. I’m not sure of _________.
somebook book or or other, does it 2. I read about it in some which it was? other matter _______ (01北京春季)

总结归 纳:

what 表什么(无选择范围)
which表选择, 哪一个(有选择范围)

1 (07 全国卷II] ____ matters most in learning English is enough practice. A. what B. why C. where D. which 2 (2009辽宁,29)Please tell me ____ one I should choose. A). that B). what C).as D). which

c) if &whether
Fill in the blanks with if / whether if / whether 1. I asked her ___________ she had a bike. Whether we will hold a party in the open air 2._________ tomorrow depends on the weather. whether 3. We’re worried about ________ he is safe. whether 4. I don’t know ________ or not he is well. 5. The question is _________ he should do it. whether 6.The doctor can hardly answer the question _________ whether the old man will recover soon. whetherto go. 7. I don’t know __________ 8.______ you are not free tomorrow, I’ll go instead If of you.

1. 及物动词后引导宾语从句whether和if可互换;

2. 引导宾语从句位于句首时用whether
3. 引导宾语从句位于介词后只能用whether, 与or

not 连用时常用whether
4. 引导表语、主语或同位语从句只用whether

5. 和不定式连用时只用whether.

考点5 连接词d)疑问词+ever与 no matter+疑问词 的区别
疑问词+ever与 no matter+疑问词的区别是: 前者既可以引导名词性从句,也可引导让步状语从句, 而后者只能引导让步状语从句.在引导从句时, 疑问词+ever 比 单独用疑问词引导从句语气要强. No matter who breaks the law, he will be punished. ____leaves the room tobe turn off the lights. Whoever breaks the last law ought should punished. A.Anyone B.The person C.Whoever D.Who No matter what you want to know, you can find it on the Sarah hopes to become a friend of ____shares her interests. Internet. A.anyone you B.whomever C.whoever D.no who Whatever want to know can be found onmatter the Internet.

1 (09湖南) She is very dear to us. We have been prepared to do it takes to save her life. A.whichever B however C whatever D.whoever 2 (09海南) Could I speak to is in charge of International Sales please? A. who B. what C. whoever D. whatever



找出下列句子中的错误 1. I think that worthwhile that we spent so much money on

these books.


2. That is hard to decide when and where we will hold our sports meeting. It
3. (09天津)It is obvious to the students whether they should get well prepared for their future. that 4. It doesn’t matter that you will come or not. whether 当主语从句较长,而谓语较短时,常常将从 后置 ,而用 it 作为形式主语置于句首。 句 ______ it 也可作形式宾语。

总结归 纳:

1. _____ the 2008 Olympic Games _____ is is known known to to us us all all,that the 2008 Olympic Games will take take place place in in Beijing. Beijing. (福建 2008) will A. It B. What C. As D. Which

比较;What is known to us all is that the 2008 Olympic Games will take place in Beijing. (福建 2008) 2. He didn’t make ____ clear when and where the meeting would be held.(07年天津卷) A. this B. that C. it D. these

It作形式主语的句型: It is reported/ thought/said/predicted that… It is clear/necessary/certain that… It is a pity/a shame/an honor that… It doesn’t matter whether… It seems/appears that… It happens that… It 作形式宾语的句型 (1)make/find /feel/consider/think + it +adj/n +that (2)like/dislike/love/hate / appreciate +it+if /when从 句



1. (09江西)The fact has worried many scientists ______ the earth is becoming warmer and warmer these years. A. what B. which C. that D. though 2. The suggestion ______he raised at the meeting is very good. A. which B. that C. what D. / 3. The suggestion ____ the students (should) have plenty of exercise is very good. A. which B. that C. what D. /
总结: 同位语从句前的名词是一个具有抽象意味的名词。从句 不充当成分。而定语从句 就是其内容。that在从句中_______ 就是对前先行词进行修饰限定,关系词应代替先行词在 从句中 ____句子成分。 做题顺序:“二看” 充当

从句 是否完整;二看_____ 句意 确定答案。 一看_____

一. 在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)
1.The question is ___the film is worth seeing. 2.They received orders _____ the work be done at once. 3.The reason ____ I have to go is ____ my mother is ill in bed. 4. ___ I can’t understand is ___ she wants to change her mind. 5. ____ his dream of going to college will come true is uncertain.

6. It is known to us ___ where there is pollution, there is harm.

7.It remains a question ____ we can get so much money in such a short time. 8. He made a promise ___ anyone set him free he would make him very rich. 9. They lost their way in the forest and ____ made matters worse was ___ night began to fall. 10. _____ we can’t get seems better than _____ we have.

11)They make ____ a rule whoever breaks the law will be punished. 12) Go and get your coat. It’s _____ you left it.

1.It’s uncertain that the experiment is worth doing. 2.What the boy didn’t take medicine made his mother angry. 3.That we’ll go camping tomorrow depends on the weather. 4.What he really means is what he disagrees with us. 5.Whom is going to do the job will be decided by the Party committee.

? 6.When we’ll finish translating the book depend on the time. ? 7.If you come or not is up to you. ? 8.That is what he likes the place so much. ? 9.That is that Lu Xun once lived. ? 10.We thought strange that Tom did not come yesterday.

? 11.The fact which she had not said anything surprised all of us. ? 12. Who leaves the room last ought to turn off the lights. ? 13.The energy is that makes the cells able to do their work. ? 14.Is this what we met each other two years ago? ? 15.That you have done might do harm to others.


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