Welcome , Unit3, Module5 授课者: 王时亮
Science Versus Nature
Why is ‘versus’ used here? ‘versus’ is usually used
when discussing sports Do you think there is conflict between competitions science and nature? or the law, which means that two teams What might the conflict be? or sides are against each This is an elephant versus another one. other.
Unit3 Science versus nature
Welcome to the unit
Science is developing so fast that sometimes it is beyond our imagination. Man has created many things such as Radios, TV sets and so on. What else has been created by man? Could you give us some examples?
Dolly was the first cloned mammal created by a Scottish scientist and his group in 1996.Dolly was exactly the same as her mother, in appearance and in genes. This new technology is called ‘cloning’, which produces an exact copy of an animal or a plant from its own cells.
Think about the relationship
between the title of the unit
Science versus nature and cloning technology.
The mule in the picture is the world’s first cloned mule. It was born on 4 May 2003. His name is Idaho Gem and his brother, Taz, was a racing mule that has won many competitions.
The kitten in the picture is called Cc. Its name is from ‘Copycat’. Scientists in the USA created it with a cell taken from its mother, Rainbow. It was born in December 2002.
I’m your Star. Love me please. Hi! I’m Joy. I’m happy-golucky everyday.
Just call me Noel, OK?
I’m the beautiful Mary
I’ m Angel, in your heart?
The pair of calves were born on 5 July 1998 in Ishikawa, Japan. They were two years younger than Dolly, being the second adult animal clones in the world.
The name of the cloned monkey is ANDi. It is from ‘inserted DNA’ spelt backwards. It is the first genetically modified monkey. The technology is different from that used for Dolly.
Form groups of four or six to discuss the further questions:
1. From just these pictures, can you identify the differences between the cloned animals and normal ones? 2. In your opinion, what might be the differences between these cloned animals and normal ones? Can these animals lead a normal life as normal animals? 3. Ask several groups to report their answers to the class. Allow different opinions and encourage further discussion.
Surf the Internet or refer to other sources for further information relevant to cloning technology, so as to finish the first two questions below the pictures. Make as many notes as possible.
也不知道究竟会面临什么，谁也不会冒着个险的。”我说：“所以你就把它带出来了？”山神说：“那个面墙上有八个，摆成 了北斗七星图的样子，但是居然多了一个，我只是拿了其中一个多出来的罢了。”看他说的云淡风轻，我说：“刚才那怪物很 有可能是你乱拿那里的东西导致的，通常宝物都是有很强大的怪兽守护的。”山神依旧那副关我什么事的样子说：“那可能 吧。”我真是要被他气死了说：“那你怎么法力又突然回来了。”山神说：“我刚拿了这个斯巴图就有一只一米多长的蜈蚣爬 了出来，而且这只蜈蚣通体红色，还冒着光，我就想这洞里的光可能就是这个东西发出来的。这只蜈蚣的身上还散发着一股腐 臭味。这只蜈蚣向我爬过来，我转身就跑，可怎么跑都找不到洞口，那个山洞很大，而且有很多洞穴，一个洞穴连着另一个洞 穴，极其复杂，我跑了很久都没有跑出去。”听到这里我突然想到了他可能遇到了鬼打墙。山神说：“刚开始我也以为是鬼打 墙，但是这是不可能的，首先我是山神，除非那东西的法力高到难以想象的地步，不然我一定会发现的，还有我一路在做记号， 没有回到原点，后来我就想到唯一出去的方法可能就在那只蜈蚣身上，我就停了下来，看着紧追着我的蜈蚣，那蜈蚣可能也懵 了，因为我一直跑，突然我就停下来了，还看着它，它也就停了下来，但是只是仅仅一秒，他就向我扑过来，只有后面两只腿 着地，就像人一样扑过来，我就赶紧闪开了，这东西看见扑了个空，就有点发怒了，它发出吱吱的声音，突然后很多只蜈蚣从 四面八方走过来，都是只有后面两只触角着地，它们迅速的跳起来，我捏住了几个，几下就捏碎了，那液体是红色的，而且我 的手有灼烧的感觉，后来我真个身体都被蜈蚣淹没了，它们并没有咬我奇怪的是他们将我拖到了一个更大的洞穴里，你知道我 在这个洞穴里看到什么了吗？”山神故作神秘地问，我不耐烦的说：“有话快说，有屁快放。”山神白了我一眼说：“我看到 了一条千年白蛇。”我惊讶地说：“我去，白娘子不是在雷峰塔吗，怎么在这了。”山神说：“我当时也在想这里怎么会有一 条千年白蛇呢，在想着的时候，我发现这个白蛇的脖子上居然也有一颗天珠，但比你那颗要小的多，这个白蛇利用这颗天珠控 制这些蜈蚣，我应该是被当做他们的食物了，我们来的时候不是在草地里发现了相机但没看见人的尸骨吗，就是被这条白蛇吃 了。”我感叹道：“难怪梅里雪山至今没有人攀登过。”山神继续说：“可惜他今天遇到了山神我，虽然法力全无，但是他忘 记了我还有麒麟，后来我就像对付刚才那妖怪一样，把白蛇给收拾了，想不到有一天我也成了法海啊”我问：“那天珠呢。” 山神说：“在我确定那白蛇死了之后我去看它脖子上的天珠，但是那