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七年级英语上册 重、难点知识总结 外研版

时间:2018-08-11

湖北省麻城市集美学校七年级英语上册 重、难点知识总结 外研版
1. Good morning / afternoon / evening. 早上好/ 下午好 / 晚上好。 2. How are you! 你好吗? / How is your mother? 你的妈妈好吗? I’m fine / OK, thanks. 我很好,谢谢!/ She is fine. 她身体好。 And you? 你呢? (你好吗?) (Starter)Unit 2. 1. What’s this in English? 这个用英语怎么说? What’s this? 这个是什么? It’s a map / an orange. 它是一张地图 / 它是一个桔子。 2. Spell it, please. 请拼写它。 How do you spell it? 你怎样拼写它? (Starter)Unit 3. 1. What color is it? 它是什么颜色? What color is your pen? 你的钢笔是什么颜色? 2. It’s red / blue / black and white. 它是红色 / 蓝色 / 黑白色。 Unit 1. 1. What’s your name? 你叫什么名字? What’s her / his name? 她 / 他叫什么名字? 2. What’s your first name 你的名是什么? What’s your last / family name? 你姓什么?(last name = family name) 3. I’m Mary. = My name is Mary. 我叫玛丽。She is Mary. = Her name is Mary. 她叫 玛丽。 4. Nice to meet you! 见到你真高兴。 Nice to meet you too. 见到你也很高兴。 5. What’s your telephone number? 你的电话号码是什么?(对电话号码提问用 what) Unit 2. 1. Excuse me. 打扰了。Is this / that your pencil? 这个 / 那个是你的铅笔吗? Yes,it is. / No,it isn’t. 是的,它是。/ 不,不是。( 回答时常用 it 替代上文中的 this 和 that ) 2. This / That is my ruler. 这个 / 那个是我的尺子。 3. Please call Mary at 495-3539. 请给 Mary 打电话:495-3539. (call sb at + 电话 号码) Please call Mary. 请给 Mary 打电话。 Please call 495-3539. 请拨打 495-3539. 4. 本单元短语: call sb at + 电话号码(at 译为“按照”,此短语意思是“按某个电话 号码给某人打电话) pencil case 文具盒 computer game 电脑游戏 lost and found 失物 招领 lost and found case 失物招领箱 Unit 3. 1. This / That is my sister. 这位 / 那位是我的姐姐。 此句的复数形式是: These / Those are my sisters. 这些 / 那些是我的姐姐们。 (this/ that 的复数分别 是 these / those) 2.It is a watch. 复数形式是:They are some watches. (he / she / it 复数都是 they, 和 this/that 的复数不同) 3. Is he / Guo Peng your brother? 他 / 郭鹏是你的哥哥吗?

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Yes, he is. / No, he isn’t. 是的,他是。 / 不,他不是。 4. Thanks for the photo of your family. 感谢你寄来你的家庭照(全家福) 。 句中 thanks = thank you, 另外 the photo of your family = your family photo 5. Here is my family photo. 这儿是我的家庭照。 Here are some books. 这儿有一些书。 There is a picture and three pencils on the desk. 桌子上有一幅画和三支铅笔。 There are many photos in the drawer. 抽屉里有许多照片。 (here / there 后的 be 动词单复数形式要以紧随其后的名词单复数来定) Unit 4. 1. Whereis my backpack? 我的背包在哪儿? Where are the books? 那些书在哪儿? 2. It’s / They’re in the drawer / under the bed / on the bookcase. 它 / 它们在抽屉里/ 床底下/ 书柜上。 (注意主语和 be 动词照应) 3. Is it / Is the book / Are they on the bed / in the backpack / under the desk? 它 / 这本书 / 它们在床上/ 背包 里/ 桌子下吗? 4. Can you bring some things to school? 你能带些东西去学校吗? some 一般用在肯定的陈述句中,any 用在否定句(“任何”)或疑问句(“某些,些”) 中。但如果表示期待对方肯定的回答或表请求和建议,疑问句中常用 some。如上句。 5. take ?to ? 把?带到? Please take your sister to school. 请把你的妹妹带到 学校。 bring 表从另一处带到这儿。take 表从这儿带到另一处。方向正好相反。 Unit 5. 1. Do you have a soccer ball? 你有一个足球吗? Yes, I do. / No, I don’t. 2. Does she have a tennis racket? 她有一个网球拍吗?Yes, she does. / No, she doesn’t. (谓语是实义动词的时候,疑问句形式:do / does 提前到主语前,主语后面的动词用 原形) 2. I don’t have a soccer ball.我没有一个足球。She doesn’t have a volleyball. 她 没有排球。 (谓语是实义动词的时候,否定形式:do /does +not + 动词原形) 3. Let me / him / us play soccer. 让我 / 他 / 我们踢足球吧。(let 后面的动词用原 形) let’s=let us 4. That sounds good / great / interesting / boring.那听起来不错 /好极了 /有趣 / 无聊。 (that 指代上文之事) 5. I / We / They / You / The kids have 8 baseballs. 我/ 我们/他们/孩子们有 8 个 棒球。 She / He / My brother / The boy has 8 baseballs. 她/他/我哥哥/那个男孩有 8 个棒 球。 (注意以上各句主语和谓语的照应:主语是单三,谓语也用单三;主语不是单三,谓语也不 用单三。 ) 6. 本单元短语:tennis racket 网球拍 ping-pong bat 乒乓球拍 ping-pong / soccer / tennis ball 乒乓球/ 足球/ 网球(指物品) play tennis /basketball /baseball /ping-pong /volleyball /soccer /football “打.., 踢..”(指运动)

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play computer games 打电脑游戏 TV 看电视

on TV 在电视上(通过电视) every day 每天 watch

Unit 6. 1. Do you like bananas / hamburgers / salad?? 你喜欢香蕉 / 汉堡包 / 沙拉??吗? Yes, I do. / No, I don’t. 是的,我喜欢。/ 不,我不喜欢。 2. like doing sth. = like to do sth. 喜欢做某事. 如:She likes helping / to help students. 她喜欢帮学生。 3. Does she/he/your aunt like broccoli? 她/他/你的朋友喜欢花椰菜吗? Yes, she/he does. / No, she/he doesn’t. 是的, 她/他喜欢。/ 不,她/他不喜欢。 4. 短语:for breakfast / lunch / dinner / dessert 对早餐/ 午餐/ 晚餐/ 甜食来说 running star 跑步明星 lots of = a lot of ( 后既可接可数名词复数,又可接不可数名词) healthy food 健康食 品 Unit 7. 1. How much are these pants? =What’s the price of these pants? 这条裤子多少钱? They’re twenty dollars. 这条裤子 20 美元。 How much is this sweater? =What’s the price of this sweater? 这件毛衣多少钱? It’s 60 yuan. 它 60 元。 2. How much 加不可数名词,how many 加可数名词复数。如:how much food, how many students 3. Can I help you? 我能帮你吗? What can I do for you? 我能为你做什么? 4. Yes, please. 是的,请吧。 No, thanks. 不了,谢谢。5. I want a sweater. 我想 要件毛衣。 6. What color do you want? 你想要什么颜色? 7. Here you are. =Here it is 给你(这件毛衣 / 钱等) 。 8. How much is it? / How much are they? 多少钱? 9. I’ll take it. = I’ll get it. = I’ll have it. 我买下它了。 10. Thank you. / Thanks a lot. 多谢。 You’re welcome. =That’s all right. 别客气。 11. Come and buy ? = Come to buy ?. Go and see ? = Go to see? 12. Anybody can afford our prices. 任何人都能承担得起我们的价钱。 13. 短语:at a good price 以合理的价格 have a look (at?)“看一看(?)”=look (at ?) for girs / boys / sports. 对姑娘 / 男孩 / 运动来说 sell ? to? 把?卖给? buy ? from? 从? 买? on sale 在出售

Unit 8. 1. When is your / her / his birthday? 你的 / 她的 / 他的 生日是什么时候? My / Her / His birthday is May 14th. 我的 / 她的 / 他的生日是 5 月 14 日。 (此 处无 on) 2. How old are you? = What’s your age? 你多大了? I’m 8. / I’m 8 years old.

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我 8 岁了。 3. Monday is the second day of the week. 周一是一星期中的第二天。 (序数词前常有 the) It’s my eighth birthday. (序数词 eighth 前已有限定词 my, 故不再加 the.) 4. 短语: birthday party 生日聚会 English speech contest 英语演讲比赛 music festival 音 乐 节 school day 校 庆 日 school trip 学 校 组 织 的 旅 行 volleyball game 排球比赛

Unit 9. 1. Do you / Does she want to go to a movie? 你想 / 她想看电影吗? 2. What kind of movies do you like? 你喜欢什么种类的电影? 3. June really likes action movies. 琼真的喜欢动作片。 (really 可修饰动词,但 very 不能。 ) 4. Mike is English. 迈克是英国人。 (注意 English 前无冠词 an.) 5. I often go to movies with my friends. 我常和朋友一起看电影。(with,“用;和? 一起”) 6. 短语:learn about?学习有关?的知识 Chinese history 中国历史 on weekends. 在周末 action movies 动作片 go to a movie 去看电影 want to do sth. 想要做某事 7. 语法:并列连词 and 和 or. 都译为“和”,or 常用于否定句。and 常用于肯定句。 He likes P.E. and art.他喜欢体育和美术。=He likes P.E. and he likes art. He doesn’t like P.E. or art. =He doesn’t like P.E. and he doesn’t like art. (or 只用于连接否定句中的短语。若连接两个否定句时仍用 and, 如后一句。) Unit 10. 1. Can you play the guitar? Can you dance / swim? 你会弹吉它 / 跳舞 / 游泳吗? Yes, I can. / No, I can’t. 是的,我会。/ 不,我不会。 2. I want to join the art / music club. 我想参加美术 / 音乐俱乐部。 3. What club do you want to join? 你想参加什么俱乐部? 4. Can you play the piano well? 你弹钢琴弹得好吗? 5. Are you good with kids? 你善于和孩子相处吗? (be g ood with sb. 善于和某人 相处) 6. May I know your name? 我可以知道你的名字吗?= What’s your name? 7. What can you do? 你会做什么? 8. 短语:play the piano / the drums / the trumpet 弹钢琴 / 打鼓 / 吹喇叭(乐器 前有 the) chess / English / swimming / music? club 象棋 / 英语 / 游泳 / 音乐俱 乐部 a little “一点,一些”(修饰不可数名词。 )

Unit 11. 1. What time do you/ does she usually go to school/ get up? 你通常何时上学 / 起

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床? I usually run/ She usually gets up at around 7:00. 我 / 她通常大约 7:00 跑步 / 起 床。 2. When do people usually eat dinner? 人们通常什么时候吃晚饭? 3. 短语:in the morning / afternoon / evening 在早上 / 下午 / 晚上(用介词 in) (若有其它修饰词,常用介词 on: on Sunday morning; on the evening of May 1st.) go home 回家 get home 到家 go to bed 上床睡觉 take a shower 洗澡 get up 起床 best wishes 致以良好的祝愿 listen to music / me 听音乐 / 听我(说) all day and all night 整天整夜 brush teeth 刷牙 take the No. 305 bus to school 乘 305 路车去学校 write a letter to sb=write to sb =write sb.给某人写信 4. 时刻表达:1 分钟未过半点; 7: 20, 可以读作:seven twenty, 或 twenty past seven 12: 08, 可以读作: twelve oh eight, 或 eight past twelve 2 分钟刚好半点:9:30, 可读作:nine thirty, 或 half past nine 3 分钟超过半点:8:46, 可读作:eight forty-six, 或 fourteen to nine 15 分钟用 a quarter past 如 7:15 a quarter past seven 45 分钟用 a quarter to 并且小时加 1 如:4:45 a quarter to five 5. what 引导的感叹句的结构: 1what + a / an + 形容词 + 名词 + 主谓 What a clever boy he is! 他是多么聪明的孩子啊! What an interesting book you have!你的书多么有趣啊! 2what + 形容词 + 名词复数: What clever boys you are! 你们是多么聪明的孩子啊! 3what + 形容词 + 不可数名词: What difficult work it is! 那是多么困难的工作啊! 6. 宾语从句的语序(用陈述句的语序, 见下文画线部分) : I don’t know when your birthday is. (不是 when is your birthday) Can you tell me where you come from? (不是 where do you come from) Unit 12. 1. What’s your favorite subject? 你最喜爱的学科是什么? (形容词性物主代词+favorite+名词,“?最喜爱的?.”) 2. My favorite subject is science. 我最喜爱的学科是科学。 3. Why do you / does she like science? 你 / 她为什么喜欢科学? Because it’s interesting. 因为它有趣。 4. Who is your art teacher? 谁是你的美术教师? 5. When do you have math? 你什么时候上数学? 6. I have volleyball for two hours. 我打排球两个小时。 (for + 时间段,“达到? 时间”) 7. 短语:TV show 电视节目 be strict with sb / be strict in sth 对某人 / 某 物要求严格 be busy with sth / be busy doing sth 忙于某事 / 做某事 on Monday / Tuesday? 在周一 / 周二?. after lunch / work / school / class?午饭后 / 下班后 / 放学后 / 下课后? run around 到处跑动 play with sb / sth 和某人一块儿玩 / 用某物玩 人称代词形式:主格 宾格 形容词性物主代词 名词性物主代词 反身代词 作主语 作宾语

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后要再接名词 后不再接名词 主宾一致 I me my ( pen / house...) mine myself you(你) you your (bag / car...) yours yourself he him his (desk /coat...) his himself she her her (hair / books...) hers herself it it its (tail / face...)its itself we us our(teachers / room...) ours ourselves you( 你 们 )you your(class /city...) yours yourselves they them their (school / seats...) theirs themselves (如果动词的施动者,即主语,和动词或介词后相应的宾格代词是相同的人或物时, 其宾格代词要用反身代词: I teach myself English. 我自学英语。 We solved the problems ourselves. 我们自己解决的这些问题。 Lucy hurt herself by accident. 露茜偶然伤了自己。You have to take care of yourself. 你必须照看好 自己。 但 She asks me to help her. 中的 her 并没有反身代词,因为 help 的施动者是“我”, 而承受者是“她”,不相同。 ) GO FOR IT 七年级(上)复习提要 一、词 ( 一 ) 名词 1、 名词的复数 (1) 、一般的直接加 s,如 desk(desks) 、pen(pens) 、ruler(rulers) (2) 、 以 x 、 s、 ch、 sh 结 尾 的 加 es 如 box(boxes)、 class(classes)、 watch(watches) 等 ( 3) 、以辅音字母加 y 结尾的要变 y 为 i 加 es, 如 family ,comedy,documentary, strawberry,dictionary,hobby 等 (4)、以 0 结尾的名词,有生命的加 es 如:tomato(tomatoes) 、potato (potatoes ); 没 有生命的加 s,如 photo(photos)、piano(pianos) (5) fe 变为 ves 如 life(lives) 2、 名词所有格在名词的后边加’s ,表示后面的名词属于前面的名词所有 , 如 LiLei’s bag Tom’s desk 、her mother’s brother 共有的表达法:Lucy and Lily’s mother 个有的表达法:Lucy’s and Lily’s mothers 3、 专用名词的大写 (人名,地名,节日,月份,星期) 如 English、Brown 、Rush 、Sunday 、January 、December、 Beijing Opera ( 二 ) 动词 1、 动词的种类(四类) 系动词如 be(is am are); 情态动词如 can 、may、need;助动词( do does) ;行 为动词如 take 、bring、eat、have(has)、like、sell、buy、sale、play、see、find、 go、watch、thank、think 等 2、 动词的第三人称单数(与名词的复数变化规则一样 ) 如 eat(eats) take (takes) buy(buys) play (plays) have(has) are (is) watch(watches) 3、 动词的时态(一般现在时 ) ( 1)含有系动词的 I’m a Chinese boy . She is twelve . He is Tim’s brother . Her mother is an English teacher .

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含有系动词的句子在变一般疑问句时只将“主语和系动词交换位置”,即将 be 动词提前。 上面句子变成一般疑 问句时分别为 Are you a Chinese boy ?( 注意第一人称通常变为第二人称 ) Is she twelve ? Is he Tim’s brother ? Is her mother an English teacher ? 含有系动词的句子在变否定句时只须“在系动词的后边加上 not”, 前面的几个了陈述句变 否定句分别为 I’m not a Chinese boy. She isn’t twelve . He is not Tim’s btother . Her mother isn’t an English teacher . (2)含有情态动词的句子 ( can ), She can play basketball. His mother’s cousin can sing many English songs. 含有情态动词的句子在变一般疑问句时只须将“主语和情态动词交换位置”, 上面两句变一 般疑问句分别为 Can she play basketball ? Can his mother’s cousin sing many English songs ? 含有情态动词的句子在变否定句时直接在情态动词的后边加上 not ,上面两个陈述句变否定 句分别为 She can not play basketball . His mother’s cousin can not sing many English songs . (3)含有行为动词的句子 We have many friends. They watch TV at 7 in the evening . The students take their books to school . I have lunch at school . You have a sister . 1 含有行为动词的句子在变一般疑问句时要在原句子的前面加 do.上面的句子变成一般疑 问句分别为 Do you have many friends ? Do they watch TV at 7 in the evening ? Do the students take their books to school ? Do you have lunch at school ? Do you have a sister ? 2 含有行为动词的句子在变否定句时只须在行为动词前加 don’t .上述五个陈述句变否定 句分别为 We don’t have many friends. They don’t watch TV at 7 in the evening . The students don’t take their books to school . I don’t have lunch at school . You don’t have a sister . 3 含有行为动词的句子,当主语是第三人称单数时,行为动词要加 s (或 es)如: She has a red pen . He has eggs for breakfast . Her mother buys a skirt for her . She likes thrillers . My brother watches TV every evening . He wants to go to a movie . 含有行为动词的句子,当主语是第三人称单数时,变一般疑问句要“在原句子的前面加上 does , 同时行为动词要还原”。上面的句子变成一般疑问句分别为: Does she have a red pen ? Does he have eggs for breakfast ?

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Does her mother buy a skirt for her ? Does she like thrillers ? Does your brother watch TV every evening ? Does he want to go to a movie ? 含有行为动词的句子, 当主语是第三人称单数时, 变否定句时“在行为动词前面加 doesn’t , 同时原行为动词要还原”。上面的句子变否定句分别为: She doesn’t have a red pen . He doesn’t have eggs for breakfast . Her mother doesn’t buy a skirt for her . She doesn’t like thrillers . He doesn’t want to go to a movie . My brother doesn’t watch TV every evening . (三)形容词 本册所学的形容词不多,注意拼法 和反义词 big (small) long (short) sad (happy) boring (interesting\funny ) exciting difficult relaxing great healthy old (new) successful white (black) favorite busy(free) tired

(四)代词 1. 英语有下面这些人称代词:

单数

复数













主格

I

you

he she it

we

you

they

宾格

me

you

him her it

us

you

them

人称代词作主语时用主格: I am(We are)learning English. 我(们)在学英语。 Do you live here? 你住这儿吗? Where is he(she)(are they)from? 他(她,他们)是哪儿人? 作宾语或介词宾语时通常用宾格: Tell me(us)your name. 告诉我(们)你的名字。 We are proud of him(her, them). 我们为他(她,他们)感到骄傲。 作表语时用宾格时较多: Who’s knocking at the door? — It’s me. 谁在敲门?——是我。

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2. 物主代词有下面这些: 我的 你的 他(她,它)的 我们的 你们的 他们的

形容词型 的物主代词

my

your

his, her, its

our

your

their

名词型的 物主代词

mine

yours

his, hers, its

ours

yours

theirs

形容词型的物主代词只能作定语,如: This is my(our)room and that is her(their)room. 这是我(们)的房间,那是她(他 们)的房间。 名词型的物主代词在句中可用作表语、主语、宾语: This book is mine, and that one is yours(hers). 这本书是我的,那一本是你(她) 的。 Their apartment is bigger than ours(yours). 他们的住房比我们(你们)的大。 Let’s clean your room first, and ours(his)later. 咱们先打扫你的房间,再打扫 我们(他)的房间。 2、指示代词: this (these) that (those) 3、不定代词 some someone 4、疑问代词 who what how much how old (疑问副词:when where ) 5、反身代词 yourself (五)数量词 1、基数词 one two three four five six seven eight nine ten eleven twelve thirteen fourteen fifteen eighteen nineteen twenty thirty forty fifty 2 、序数词 first second third fourth fifth sixth seventh eighth ninth tenth eleventh twelfth nineteenth twentieth twenty-first thirtieth fortieth fiftieth (六)介词:本册的介词较少,主要用在介词短语里面,如 on:on sale (销售) \ on weekends (在周末) \ on April 8th, (在四月八日) \ on the desk (在桌子上) \ on TV (在电视上) in:in Engl ish (用英语) \ in the afternoon (在下午) \ in the case (在盒 子里) \ T-shirt in red (红色 T 恤) \ be in the movie(出演这部电影)\ in September (在九月) be strict in 对某事严格 My mother is strict in my study.妈妈对我的学习 严格。 be in our school music festival (参加我们学校的音乐节) at:call sb.at 3356 (拨打 3356 找某人) \ at your school (在你们学校里) \ at Huaxing Clothes Store (在华兴服装店)\ at a very good price (以非常优惠的价格) \
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at six (六点钟) have a look at (看一看) be good at 擅长于 be strict wi th sb 对某人严格 be busy with =be busy doing sth 忙于做某事 of:a set of (一串?) the photo of your family (你的全家照) lots of =a lot of (许多) date of birth(birthday)(生日) with:with sb. (同某人一起) \ be good with (和?相处得好) \ help sb. with sth. (帮 助某人做某事)=help sb doing sth for:thanks for =thank you for (谢谢某人的?.) \ bag for sports (运动包) \ pants for $30(卖 30 元的裤子) \ see for yourself (亲自看看) \ for girls (对女孩 子来说) \ like sth. for lunch (喜欢吃??当作午餐) about:learn about Chinese history (学习有关中国历史) know about 了解 under:under the desk (在桌子下面) (七) 副词: 除疑问副词外, 本册的副词有 only too very well often also really 副词 only often also really 等在句中的位置都是在行为动词前面或是系动词的后面。 注意几组词的区别: 1、too, either 和 also :too 一般放在句子的末尾,also 在行为动词前面或是系动词的 后面。She is also a students. She also goes to school at six o’clock. either 用 于否定句末 He can’t sing either. 2、well 和 good :两个词都有“好”的意思,但 well 是副词,而 good 是形容词,well 修饰行为动词,放在行为动词的后面,good 修饰名词,放在名词的前面或放在 be 动词后。 如 play basketball well speak English well a good student Good morning (八)冠词:只有不定冠词 a (an)和定冠词 the 两个 1、不定冠词 a 和 an :a 用在辅音前,如 a pen a chair a school ID card an 用在元音前 an old teacher an English book an action movie an aunt an uncle an actor an interesting book an ID card an egg an apple an orange 注意辅音字母第一个音是元音的情况:F H L M N S X 这七个字母的第一个音是元音,在说 一个以上字母时要用 an ,如 an“F” (一个 F) an “X” (一个 X)。 同时注意字母 U,它是元音字母,但它的第一个音是辅音,因此说一个 U,应为 a “U” 。 2、定冠词 the:当一个名词第二次出现时前面用 the 。 注意在三餐饭(breakfast lunch dinner )前不用 the ,月份和星期前都不用 the ,体育活 动的球类运动前面不用 the 。如:have dinner \ in January \ December \ Sunday \ play basketball play tennis (volleyball \ soccer \ Ping Pong \ chess \ baseball) 在乐器的前面要用定冠词 the 。如:play the guitar (the violin \ the piano \ the drum ) (九)连词:本册所学连词有 and but or then and 连接两个词或两个句子,表示前后的句子意思顺接。 如:I like thrillers and I like action movies. but 连接两个句子,表示后面意思转折。 如 : He likes tomatoes but she doesn’t like broccoli. or 表示选择关系。如:Can you play the piano or the violin? I can play the piano.

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then 表示动作的先后顺序。Then I go to school.

二、句子(句子的种类) :句子分为四种即 陈述句、疑问句、祈使句和感叹句。 这里重点介绍疑问句和祈使句 (一)疑问句:一般疑问句、特殊疑问句、选择疑问句、反意疑问句 1、 一般疑问句:见前面的动词部分。一般疑问句的回答用“yes”或“no”开头,用“yes”作 肯定, 回答时后面不能出现“not”,用“no”作否定回答时后面要出现“not”。如:Yes, it isn’t. No, he does. 2、 特殊疑问句: 其结构为“ 特殊疑问词 + 一般疑问句的结构 ”本册出现的特殊疑问句有 1My name is Jim.What’s your name ? His name is Marry. What’s his name ? Her first name is Brow. What is her first name? 2Her bag ison the bed . Where’s her bag ? The oranges arein the room. Where are the oranges? 3My telephone number is 2975. What is your telephone number? 4I’mfine. How are you? She is fine. How is she? 5I’mfifteen years old. How old are you? 6This skirt is twelve dollars. How much is this skirt? These pants are 18 dollars. How much are these pants? 7Her birthday is September 23rd. When is her birthday? 8The apple isred. What color is the apple? What’s this in English? It’s a map of China. How do you spell this word?\ Can you spell this word? What kind of movies do you like? I like Beijing Opera and action movies. What’ your favorite subject? My favorite subject is art. Who is your art teacher? My art teacher is Mr Zhang. Why do you like music? Because it’s interesting\fun. What time do you usually get up? I usually get up at 6:10. What club do you want to join? I want to join the swimming club. What can you do? I can sing and dance. What do you have for breakfast? I have carrots for lunch. What’s the date today? It’s January 18, 2010. What day is it? It’s Monday. What time is it now? It’s seven o’clock. (二)祈使句:表示命令、请求。本册所学的祈使句类型有 Spell it, please. Please take these things to your sister. Let’s play ping-pong.(tennis\basketball\volleyball) Come and buy your clothes. Have a look at Zig Zag’s Clothes Store. 三、情景会话:本册出现的主要会话片段 1、--------Good morning! (afternoon \ evening )! 2、----- Nice to meet you!

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--------Good morning! (afternoon \ evening )! ----- Nice to meet you, too! 3、--------Good-bye! 4、------Hello, Frank! --------Good-bye! (Bye-bye ) ------Hello, Eric! 5、--------How are you? 6、-----What’s your name? --------Fine, thanks. How are you? ------My name is Jim. ------- I’m fine, too. (I’m OK.) 8、------What’s this in English? 7、------ What’s her first (last\family\given)name? -------It’s a map. -------It’s John. --------Spell it,please.(How do you spell it?) --------M-A-P 9、------What’s this in English? 10、-------Is this (that) your pencil? ------It’s an orange. ------ Yes, it is. it’s my pencil. ------What color is it? ------(No, it isn’t. it’s her pencil.) ------It’s red. 11、-----Where is my computer game? 12、--------Do you have a TV? -----It’s under the bed. --------Yes, I do. (No, I don’t.) -----(I don’t know.) --------Does he have a tennis tacket? --------Yes, he does. (No, he doesn’t.) 13、------Let’s play ping-pong. 14、-------Do you like salad? -----No, I don’t have a ping-pong ball. -------Yes, I do. (No, I don’t.) ----Well, let play volleyball. --------He likes bananas, ----That sounds good. but he doesn’t like ice cream. 15、------How much is this T-shirt? 16、-----When is your birthday? -----It’s seven dollars. ------My birthday is (on) November 12th . -----How much are these shorts?

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------When is Liu Ping’s birthday? -----They are three dollars. ------It’s (on)October 15th . 17、-----Can I help you? ------How old is he? -----Yes, I want (to buy) a sweater. ------He’s thirteen. -----What color do you want? 18、----Do you want to go to a movie? -----Yellow. ----Yes, I do. -----Here you are. ----What kind of movies do you like? ----How much is it? ----I like action movies and domentaries. -----Eleven dollars. 19、---Can she speak English? -----I’ll take it. Thank you.(thanks.) ---Yes, she can.(No, she can’t.) -----You are welcome. -Can you speak it well?

---No, I can’t. 20、----What club do you want to join? 21、--Why do you want to join the art club? -----I want to join the basketball club. --Because I want to learn about art. 四、本册出现的短语 first name 名字 last name/ family name 姓氏 phone number 电话号码 an ID card 一张身份证 pencil case 铅笔盒 pencil sharpener 铅笔刀 computer game 电脑游戏 play computer games 玩电脑游戏 call sb.at 347-2365 给某人打 347-2365 lost and found 失物招领 a set of keys 一串钥匙 in English 用英语 an eraser 一块铅笔擦 pen friend 笔友 thanks for 为?感谢 a photo of your family 你家人的照片 on the sofa 在沙发上 behind the door 在门后 next to the bookcase 在书柜旁边 in the drawer 在抽屉里 under the chair 在椅子下 on the floor 在地板 between the dresser and the bookcase 在梳妆台和书柜之间 an alarm clock 一只闹钟 video tape 录象带 soccer ball 英式足球 math book 数学书

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take sth to sb. 把?拿(去)给某人 play basketball 打篮球 play ping-pong /table tennis 打乒乓球 play volleyball 打排球 play baseball 打棒球 tennis racket 网球拍 play/do sports 做运动 watch sth. on TV 在电视上观看? ice cream 冰淇淋 Some photos 一些/几张相片 healthy food 健康食品。 have/eat breakfast 吃早饭 have/eat dinner(supper) 吃晚饭 how much 多少钱 you're welcome 不客气 bag for sports 运动包 seven yuan 七元(人民币) a good price 价格合适 be on sale 大廉销,大减价 date of birth (=birthday ) 生日 school trip 郊游, 校游 basketball game 篮球赛 how old 几岁 go to a movie 看 电 影 Beijing Opera 京剧 movie star 电影明星 Chinese history 中国历史 interesting thing 有趣的东西 kung fu 徒手功夫 play chess 下棋 play the guitar 弹吉他 play the drums 打鼓 play the violin 拉小提琴 go to bed 去睡觉 get up 起床 what time 几点钟 take a shower 淋浴,洗澡 after school 放学后 take sb. to ? 带/送某人到? ? get home 到家 do one's homework 做作业 have math 上数学课 on Monday 在周一 on Sunday morning 在星期天上午

bring sth. to sb. 把?带(来)给某人

play soccer/football 踢足球 play tennis 打网球 every day 每天 watch TV 看电视 French fries 炸薯条 some tomatoes 几个西红柿 lots of = a lot of 许多,大量 Have/eat chicken 吃鸡肉 have/eat lunch 吃午饭 Here you are 给你 have a look at 看一看? two dollars 两美元 what color 什么颜色 come and see for yourself 亲自来看看 birthday party 生日聚会 speech contest 演讲比赛 school day 作息日,校日 an Art Festival 艺术节 fifteen years old 15 岁 what kind of 什 么 种 类 action movies 动作片 on weekends 在周末 favorite actor 最喜欢的演员 rock band 摇滚乐队 English club 英语俱乐部 speak English 说英语 play the piano 弹钢琴 play the trumpet 吹喇叭 go to school 去上学 go to work 去上班 be good with 与? ? 相处融洽 at five-thirty 在五点三十分 after class 下课后 take the bus 乘公共汽车 go home 回家 help? with 帮助 Chinese teacher 语文老师 on May 2nd 在五月二日 at home 在家

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一般现在时态 一、一般现在时的功能: 1.表示事物或人物的特征、状态。 如:The sky is blue.天空是蓝色的。 2.表示经常性或习惯性的动作。 如:I get up at six every day.我每天六点起床。 3.表示客观现实。 如:The earth goes around the sun.地球绕着太阳转。 二、一般现在时的构成 1. be 动词: (主系表结构)主语+be(am,is,are)+其它。 如:I am a boy.我是一个男孩。 2.行为动词: (主谓宾结构)主语+行为动词(+其它)。 注意:1.当主语是第一人称,第二人称和复数时,谓语动词用原形。如:We study English. 我们学习英语 2.当主语为第三人称单数(he, she,it)时,要在谓语动词后加"-s"或"-es"。如:Mary likes Chinese.玛丽喜欢汉语 三、一般现在时的变化 1.Be 动词的变化。 否定句:在 be 后直接加 not。 (主语+ be + not +其它。 ) 如:He is not a worker.他不是工人。 一般疑问句:把 Be 动词提前大写,别的词抄下来,句尾加问号。 (Be +主语+其它。 ) 如:-Are you a student? -Yes. I am. / No, I'm not. 特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。如:Where is my bike? 2.行为动词的变化。 否定句:主语+ don't( doesn't ) +动词原形(+其它)。如:I don't like bread. 注意:当主语为第三人称单数时,要用 doesn't 构成否定句。如:He doesn't often play. 一般疑问句:Do( Does ) +主语+动词原形+其它。 如:- Do you often play football? - Yes, I do. / No, I don't. 注意:当主语为第三人称单数时,要用 does 构成一般疑问句。 如: Does she go to work by bike?-Yes, she does. / No, she doesn't. 特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。如:How does your father go to work? 四.时间状语:通常用“ every 引导的短语 :every day/month/year on Sundays on weekends 频率副词:usually, often,always,never, sometimes,

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