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高考英语书面表达必备词组、句型、公式

时间:2010-11-29


以…开始 begin with 在…起始,开始 at the beginning of 常见搭配 自始自终 from beginning to end 我们所说的搭配,不仅包括动词与介词﹑副词的搭配,而且 形成…局面;产生 come into being 包括与名词搭配的意义。 以动词 make 为例。 make 的基本意 安全带 a safety belt 义是“制作”,而 make beds 意思是“整理床铺”,make use of 三思而后行。 Second thoughts are best. 意思是“利用”,make money 挣钱,make a fortune: “发财”, 尽力,尽最大的努力 do / try one’s best make faces“做鬼脸”等等。 尽量利用,善用 make the best of 首先,尤其重要的,最重要的 above all 一切顺利,万事如意 all the best 偶然,无意中 by accident 黑体地,粗体地 in bold 对(于)…很积极 be active in 出身于农民家庭 be born in a peasant’s family 合计为 add up to 鞠躬 make a bow 承让错误 admit one’s mistake 动动脑子 use one’s brains 接受某人的建议 take / follow one’s advice 打破纪录 break the record 就…提出建议 give advice on 深吸一口气 take a deep breath 建议某人做某事 advice sb. to do sth. 屏息;憋住气 hold one’s breath 后天 the day after tomorrow 上气不接下气 out of breath 毕竟;终究 after all 刷牙 brush one’s teeth 违心 against one’s will 突然哭起来 burst into tears 在…岁时 at the age of 突然一阵大笑 a burst of laughter 实现目标 achieve one’s aim 要不是 but for 在空中;悬而未决 in the air 呼救声 a call for help 在户外,在露天里 in the open air 保持镇静(别慌) keep calm 在机场 at the airport 保持安静(别吵) keep quiet 火警 the fire alarm 保持不动(别动) keep still 满腔怒火 be filled with anger 保持沉默(别说话) keep silent 因某人之言行而生气 be angry at sth. 夏令营 a summer camp 生某人的气 be angry with sb. 去野营 go camping 通知 make an announcement 情不自禁… cannot help doing 相继地,按顺序地 one after another 打牌 play cards 相互,彼此(三者或三者以上之间) one another 照顾,保管 take care of 相互(指两者之间) each other 医疗护理 medical care 没有回答 give no answer 假若那样的话 in that case 为…而担心 be anxious about 以防万一 in case 急于做某事 be anxious to do sth. 下倾盆大雨 rain cats and dogs 分开住 live apart 赶上(或超过) catch up with 除了 apart from 偶然 by chance 因某事向某人认错或道歉 make/offer an apology to sb 免费 free of charge for sth. 主管,在掌管之下 in charge 与某人争论某事 argue with sb. about sth. 由…负责 in the charge of 放在一边 lay sth. aside 掌管,负责 take charge 请某人指点 / 帮助 ask sb. for advice / help 高兴起来 cheer up 惊讶于… be astonished at sth. 童年时 in one’s childhood 以前,曾经 at one time 挑选,选择 make a choice 注意 pay attention to 圣诞节时 at Christmas 对…抱正确的态度 take a correct attitude towards 去做礼拜 go to church sth. 烟头 cigarette end 引起(注意,兴趣等) attract one’s attention 为…鼓掌 give sb. a clap 仰卧/仰泳 lie / swim on one’s back 接近 get close to 重感冒 a bad cold w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m 一块桌布 a table cloth 两件行李 two pieces of baggage 一套衣服 a suit of clothes 保持/失去平衡 keep / lose one’s balance 童装 children’s clothing 在舞会上 at the ball 集邮 collect stamps 洗冷水澡 have / take a cold bath 产生,发生 come about 阵亡 be killed in battle (偶然)遇见或发现 come across 在海滩 on the beach 走过来;长出,发芽,上升;抬头 come up 整理床铺 make the bed 地址:山西省太原市和平南路 45 号英语周报社网络中心 电话:0351—6378335

高考英语书面表达必备词组、句型、公式

1

共同,共有 in common 催人泪下 draw tears from sb. 参加比赛 compete in a contest 渴望做某事 dream of doing sth. 举办音乐会 give a concert 在墙上钻孔 drill a hole in the wall 条件是 on condition that 赶走 drive off 祝贺某人 congratulate sb. on sth. 使某人发狂 drive sb. mad 挣钱 earn money 相反地 on the contrary 谋生 earn one’s living 失控 out of control 究竟 on earth 与…谈话;交谈 have a conversation with sb. 别着急,别紧张,放松些 take it easy 在…期间/过程中 in / during the course of 对…有很大影响 have a great effect on 被…覆盖 be covered with 努力做某事 make efforts to do sth. 因某事和某人发脾气 be cross with sb. at sth. 鼓励某人做某事 encourage sb. to do sth. 划掉 cross out 量入而出;使收支相抵 make ends meet 对…残忍 be cruel to sb. 美满的结局 a happy ending 立方米 cubic meter 说英语的国家 English-speaking countries 对…感到好奇 be curious about sth. 报名比赛 enter oneself for a contest 对…造成巨大损害 do great damage to 剧场的入口 the entrance to the theater 处境危险 in danger 在除夕 on New Year’s Eve 过时 out of date 虽然,即使 even if / even though 在不久前,前几天 the other day 时事 current events 对…充耳不闻 be deaf to sth. 参加考试 have / take an examination 对付,应付 deal with 进行体格检查 carry out a medical examination 负债 in debt 考试及格 pass an examination 还清债务 out of debt 为…树立榜样 set an example to sb. 做出决定 make a decision 做早操 do morning exercises 做好事 do good deeds 产生,成立 come into existence 付诸行动,生效 do the deed 做实验 carry / do / make an experiment 直到深夜 deep into the night 做解释,说明 make an explanation 沉思 deep in thought 做鬼脸,装怪相 make a face 深夜 deep into the night 事实上 as a matter of fact 毫不耽搁,立刻 without delay 未能… fail to do sth. 迟迟未做某事 delay doing sth. 落后,掉队 fall behind 发表(演说等) deliver a speech 对…而熟悉 be familiar with sth. 满足要求 meet the demands 因…而闻名 be famous for 外语系 foreign language department 作为…而闻名 be famous as 百货商店 department store 摸某人的脉 feel one’s pulse 难以形容 beyond description 觉得想做… feel like doing sth. 决心做某事 be determined to do sth. 伤害某人的感情 hurt one’s feelings 随着工业的发展 with the development of industry 春节 the Spring Festival 献身于,致力于 devote oneself to 发高烧 have a high fever 处于灭亡的危险中 be in danger of dying out 科学领域 the field of science 没作用,没影响 make no difference 五十多岁时 in one’s fifties 做…有困难,难以… have difficulty in doing sth. 关键人物 a key figure 应邀赴宴 be invited to dinner 填写表格 fill in the form 向四面八方 in all directions 刹那间 in a flash 做出新的发现 make a new discovery 一场大洪水 a big / great flood 正在讨论中 under discussion 扫地 sweep the floor 洗盘子 wash dishes 在三层 on the third floor 在远方,在远处 in the distance 三层楼的建筑 a building of three storeys 对…冷淡 be distant toward sb. 正在开花 be in flowers 对…有益 do good to w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m 放(风筝等) fly a kite 做坏事,犯罪 do wrong 糊里糊涂 in a fog 挨门挨户 from door to door 欺骗,愚弄某人 make a fool of sb. 隔壁的 next door 在山脚下 at the foot of the mountain 下楼 go downstairs 空军 the air force 到市区去 go downtown 靠武力,强行 by force 缓慢前进,拖延 drag one’s feet 地址:山西省太原市和平南路 45 号英语周报社网络中心 电话:0351—6378335

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告诉某人某事 inform sb of sth 坚持要做 insist on doing w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m 视察工厂 inspect a factory 激动人心的演讲 an inspiring speech 急需帮助 in instant need of help 打断谈话 interrupt a conversation 介绍信 a letter of introduction 收到请帖 receive an invitation 邀请信 a letter of invitation 讲笑话 tell a joke 和某人开玩笑 play a joke with sb. 旅行 make a journey 使某人高兴的是 to one’s joy 不可以貌取人。 Don’t judge a man by his looks. 初中 a junior high school 正在那时 just then 与…保持联系 keep in touch with 使…不进入… keep out of 成功的秘诀 the key to success 踢门 kick the door 踢掉鞋子 kick off one’s shoes 跪下 go down / fall on one’s knees 敲门 knock at the door 最迟,至迟 at the latest 迟早 sooner or later 哈哈大笑起来 burst into laughter 违(守)法 break / obey the law 制定一条法律 make a law 摆设餐具(准备吃饭) lay the table hand 过着简朴的生活 lead a simple life 少量的 a handful of 忽略,遗漏 leave out 过幸福生活 live a happy life 听关于…的讲座 attend a lecture on 损害,伤害 do harm to 给某人一个教训 teach sb. a lesson 一个好收成 a good harvest 从…在中吸取教训 take a lesson from 保持镇静 keep one’s head 惊讶地叫了一声 let out a cry of surprise 身体好 in good health 透漏消息 let out the news 记住某事 learn / know sth. by heart 大写字母 a capital letter 紧握某物 keep a tight hold on sth. 仰卧 / 俯卧 lie on one’s back / stomach 握住;抓住 catch / take / get hold of 复活,苏醒过来 come back to life 趾高气扬 hold one’s head high 交通信号灯 traffic lights 暑假 the summer holidays 列一张购物清单 make a shopping list 休假 on holiday 谋生,度日 make a living 为(向)… 表示敬意;为了纪念… in honour of 丧生,死;牺牲 lose one’s life 对某人抱很大希望 have high hope for sb. 泄气;灰心 lose heart 怀着…的希望 in the hope of doing sth. 失音 lose one’s voice 住院 be in hospital 输一场 lose a game 大约一小时 an hour or so 祝你好运。 Wish you good luck. 挨饿 go hungry 洗衣机 a washing machine 打猎 go hunting 欣喜若狂 be mad with joy 匆匆忙忙 in a hurry 邮寄包裹 send the parcel by mail 不知道 have no idea 赚钱 make money 但愿,要是…就好了 if only 交朋友 make friends 给某人留下好印象 make a good impression on sb. 取得进步 make progress 慢慢前进 inch one’s way forward 利用 make use of 患难之交才是真朋友。 A friend in need is a friend 编造故事 make up a story indeed. 弥补某人的过失 make up for one’s mistake 地址:山西省太原市和平南路 45 号英语周报社网络中心 电话:0351—6378335 用很大力气 with great force 对外贸易 foreign trade 养成好习惯 form a good habit 碰碰运气 try one’s fortune 每四个一组(一批) ;四个四个地 in fours 常客 a frequent visitor 新手 a fresh hand 同…交朋友 make friends with 那时起 from then on 不时地,时常 from time to time 不劳而不获。 No pains, no gains. 做游戏 play games 代沟 generation gap 开始认真(做某事) get down to sth. 陷入麻烦 get into trouble 有音乐天分 have a gift for music 用尽,耗尽,筋疲力尽 give out 朝…看了一眼 take a glance at 向人瞪眼,怒目而视 glare at (灯,火)熄灭 go out 复习功课 go over the lesson 进了一个球 score a goal 犯语法错误 make mistakes in grammar 懂某人的意思 grasp one’s meaning 勿踏草地 keep off the grass 养成…的习惯 get into the habit of 用手 by hand 分发 hand out 一方面…另一方面… on the one hand…on the other

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有礼貌 have good manners 颐和园 the Summer Palace 商标 a trade mark 此处禁止停车! No parking here! 满分 full marks 在…方面起积极作用 take an active part in 观看一场篮球比赛 watch a basketball match 在过去的几天里 in the past few days 进行比赛 have a match 对某人有耐心 be patient with sb. 熟能生巧。 Practice makes perfect. 祝你成功。 May you success. 演出,表演 put on performances 五一节 May Day 亲自,当面 in person 通过这种方式 by this means 给某人照相 take a photo of sb. 用…方法,依靠 by means of 弹钢琴 play the piano 决不 by no means 摘花 pick flowers 按…尺寸做 make…to one’s measure 捡钱包 pick up a wallet 采取措施 take a measure 去野餐 go out for a picnic 量身高 measure one’s height 一堆书 a pile of books 获得金牌 get a gold medal 可怜某人(因同情而帮助某人) have / take pity on sb. 医疗队 a medical team 出于同情 out of pity 体检 medical examination 代替 in place of 吃药 take / have some medicine 坐某人的座位,代替某人的职务 take one’s place 满足…的需要 meet the needs of 举行,发生 take place 遇到风暴 meet with a storm 代替,代理 take the place of 去开会 go to a meeting 订计划 make a plan 开会 have a meeting 玩牌 play cards 举行会议 hold a meeting 对某人开一个玩笑 play a joke on sb. 为纪念 in memory of 与…一起玩 play with sb. 对…一点儿也不怜悯 have no mercy on sb. 在操场上 on the playground 毫不容情地;残忍地 without mercy 对…感到满意 be pleased with 在…支配下;任由…摆布 at the mercy of 喜欢做某事 take pleasure in doing sth. 圣诞快乐! Merry Christmas! 生活富裕 live in plenty 给某人捎个信儿 take a message for sb. 正要…的时候 on the point of 中秋节 Mid-autumn Day 对某人有礼貌 be polite to sb. 上百万的,许许多多的 millions of 受某人喜爱 be popular with sb. 改变主意 change one’s mind 占有,拥有 take possession of 当心油漆未干。 Mind the wet paint! 发电站 power station 下决心 make up one’s mind 当权,执政 take power 外交部长 the minister of foreign affairs 因为某事赞扬某人 praise sb. for sth. 错过机会 miss an opportunity 赞扬 in praise of 犯错误 make a mistake 出席会议 be present at a meeting 由疏忽所致 by mistake 眼下 at present 现代 in modern times 互赠礼物 exchange presents 零钱 small money 在压力下 under pressure 某人身上没(带)钱 have no money with sb. 防止某人做某事 prevent sb. from doing 选某人为班长 make sb. monitor 以…为代价 at the price of 某一天清早 on the early morning 无论花多少代价(不惜任何代价) at any price 在山顶上 at the top of the mountain 以…为自豪;对…感到得意 take pride in 参加海军 join the navy 小学 primary school 如果有必要的话 if necessary 入狱,被监禁 go to prison 需要帮助 in need of help 在狱中服刑 be in prison 呈现一片新面貌 take on a new look 将某人送进监狱 throw / put sb. into prison 打某人的鼻子 hit sb. on the nose 越狱 escape from prison 做笔记 make / take notes 解决问题 solve the problem 与…无关 have nothing to do with w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m 回答问题 answer the question 张贴通知 put up a notice 遵守诺言 keep one’s promise 对某人毫不在意 pay no notice to sb. 答应,许下诺言 make a promise 运转着,实施中 be in operation 以…自豪 be proud of 订购某物 place an order for sth. 养家糊口 provide food and clothes for one’s family 失业了 out of work 公共事务 public affairs 一副眼镜 a pair of glasses 4 地址:山西省太原市和平南路 45 号英语周报社网络中心 电话:0351—6378335

量…的大小(尺寸) take the size of 舆论 public opinion 偷偷塞给某人一张纸条 当众,公开 in public slip a note into one’s hand 出版社 publishing house 在雪地上滑倒 slip on the snow 故意地 on purpose 克服困难 smooth away difficulties 把…推到一边 push aside 大约 or so 推倒, (风)刮倒 push over 与…有关系 have something to do with 拖延,推迟 put off 国歌 the national song 不可能 out of the question 大胆地说,清楚并响亮地说 speak out 接力赛 a relay race 发言,演讲 make a speech 通过无线电广播 on the radio 以…的速度 at a speed of 衣衫褴褛,穿破衣服 in rags 平方公里 square kilometers 在火车站 at the railway station 代表,象征 stand for 小(大)雨 light / heavy rain 饿死 starve to death 一线希望 a ray of hope 处于良好状态 in a good state 伸手去拿 reach for sth. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m 逐步地,一步一步地 step by step 够不着 out of ones’ reach 遵守诺言 stick to one’s word / promise 乐意干某事 be ready to do 趴在地上 lie on one’s stomach 事实上 in reality 四层楼的住宅 a house of four storeys 实现希望 realize one’s hope 赶上风暴 be caught in the storm 为此,为此理由 for this reason 对…要求严格 be strict with sb. in sth. 接待处 reception desk 擦火柴 strike a match 参考;谈到 refer to 挣扎着起来 struggle to one’s feet 留在某人的记忆中 remain in one’s memory 仔细研究 make a study of 提醒某人做某事 remind sb. to do sth. 突然,冷不防 all of a sudden 使某人想起 remind sb. of sth. 暑假 summer holidays 应…请求 by request 向某人供应/提供 supply sb. with sth. 因此,结果 as a result 使某人惊奇的是 to one’s surprise 盛产;有大量的… be rich in 擦脸上的汗 sweat off one’s face 除掉 get rid of 坐下吃饭 sit down to table 抢走某人某物 rob sb. of sth. 纳税 pay one’s taxes 起重要作用 play an important role 沏茶 make tea 扮演…的角色 play the role of 用望远镜 through a telescope 给…腾出地方 make room for 讲故事 tell a story 对某人无礼 be rude to sb. 辨别,分清 tell one from the other 用完 run out of 量体温 take one’s temperature 高峰时间,拥挤时间 rush hour 数以万计 tens of thousands of 满足某人的需要 satisfy one’s needs 被…吓了一跳 be terrified at 节省体力 save one’s strength 因某事感谢某人 be thankful to sb. for sth. 也就是说 that is to say 扔掉 throw away 为某事责备某人 scold sb. for sth. 吐出(食物) ,呕吐 throw up 就座,坐下 take one’s seat 立刻,很快 in no time 不让人知道某事,保密 keep sth. a secret 交通堵塞 traffic jam 抓住小偷的衣领 seize a thief by the collar 跟某人开玩笑,欺骗某人 play a trick on sb. 与某人握手 shake hands with sb. 处于困境(苦恼)中 be in trouble 店员;营业员 shop assistant 一条裤子 a pair of trousers 领某人出去/进来 show sb. out / in 上大学 attend university 炫耀 show off 拜访某人 pay a visit to sb. 对岸;在…另一面 on the other side of 高声地(喊) at the top of one’s voice 支持某人(方) take the side of 在交战 at war 站在…一边 take sides in 穿旧;使筋疲力尽 wear out 看不见 lose sight of 拔草 pull out the weeds 看到,发现 catch sight out 穿着白色衣服 be dressed in white 看不见 out of sight 通盘,作为整体 as a whole 静静地 in silence 总的来说 on the whole 和…类似的 be similar to 有志者事竟成。 单程票 single ticket 地址:山西省太原市和平南路 45 号英语周报社网络中心 电话:0351—6378335

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Where there is a will, there is a way. 乐意做某事 be willing to do sth. 擦掉灰尘 wipe off the dust 创造奇迹 make wonders 不足为奇;难怪 no wonder 插话 get in a word 和某人说句话 have a word with sb. 总之,简言之 in a word 二、高考英语写作常用句型 一表示比较和对照关系的句型: 一表示比较和对照关系的句型: 1) A is to B what/ as C is to D(A 之于 B 犹如 C 之于 D). 2) Just as..., so... 3) A and B have sth in common. 4) A is similar to B. 5) The same is true of,The same can be said of(……也是 如此). 6) The advantages of A are much greater than B. 7) compared with B, A has many advantages. 8) The advantages outweigh the disadvantages(利大于弊). 9) Wonderful as A is, however, it has its own disadvantages too. 10) Although A enjoys considerable advantage over..., it can not compete with B in... 11) Contrary to widely accepted views, I believe that... 12) What people fail to consider is that... 13) It is one thing to insist that..., it is quite another to show that... 14) A is superior(inferior) to B. 15) ...varies from person to person(……是因人而异的) 16) A is just the opposite (to B) 17) A differs from B in that…(A 不同于 B 在于……) 18) …is not the same (as) 二过渡性句型: 二过渡性句型: 1) this is true that... 2) ...also... 3) It is one thing to...; it is another to... 三描写图表和数据的句型 1) .. . rank first (both) in... 2) The number is ...times as much as that of ... 3) The figure has nearly doubled, as against that of last year. 4) It accounts for 35% of... 5) By comparison with ..., it decreased/increased/fell from...to... 6) ...rise rapidly(slowly) 7) ...remain level... 8) ...reach ... 四图表作文中的过渡、概括句型: 四图表作文中的过渡、概括句型: 1) As can be indicated in the table, ... 2) As we could find out later, ... 3) As is revealed in the table,... 4) As the survey results show,... 5) This table provides several important points of comparison between,... 6) The two graphs depict the same thing in ... 7) The key findings taken from the surveys are as follows: 8) According to the figures given in the table, ... 9) This chart shows that ... 10) As is shown by the graph, ... 11) It can be seen from the statistics that ...

12) It is generally believed /accepted/thought/held ... 五说明原因的句型: 五说明原因的句型 1) There are some/two/many good reasons for.../to do... 2) We have two good reasons for... 3) The reason for ... is that + 从句 4) Among the most convincing reasons given by people for..., one should be mentioned... 5) One may think of the trend as a result of... 6) The change in... largely results from the fact that... 7) There are several causes for this significant growth in... First... 8) A number of factors could account for the .... 9) It is no simple task to give the reason for ... 10) The cause of /reason for higher prices was an increase in demand. 11) Because/As/Now that/Since the demand has increased, the prices are higher. 12) An increase in demand causes/results in/leads to/produces higher prices. 13) The demand has increased. 14) Therefore,/As a result,/For this reason,/Because of this,/Consequently, the prices are higher. 15) If there is an increase in demand, then prices rise./go up. /boost./are higher. 16) Different people look at...in different ways... 六表示不同看法的句型: 六表示不同看法的句型 1) Different people have/hold different opinions/views on the question/problem/matter. Some believe that ...; Others argue that ... :Still others maintain that ... 2) They are quite different from each other in their opinions. 3) Some people hold the opinion that it is good to .... 4) They think quite differently on this question. 5) Opinions vary from individual to individual, from culture to culture. 七表示必须,紧急 有困难做某事的句型: 紧急,有困难做某事的句型 七表示必须 紧急 有困难做某事的句型 1) It is important (necessary, urgent, difficult, easy, convenient, comfortable, expensive, desirable, advisable) for sb. to do sth. 2) ...have trouble/difficulty/a hard time/a difficult time (in) doing sth. (有困难做某事) 八用于文章开头的句型: 八用于文章开头的句型: 1) Faced with...; quite a few people argue that...; But other people conceive differently. 2) There is a general discussion today about the issue of....; Those who object to... argue that ...;They believe that...; But people who favor ..., on the other hand, argue that ... 3) Currently there is a widespread concern that... 4) Now people in growing number are coming to realize that... 5) Now it is commonly held that ...; they think ...; But I doubt whether... 6) Recently the issue of... has been brought to public attention. 7) One of the great men once said that... Now more and more people share this belief. 8) Until recently, ... has been regarded as.... But people are taking a fresh look at it. 9) Sb. argues/maintains /holds/insists/believes that... 10) More and more people are realizing /have come to realize... 11) There is no denying/doubt that ... 6

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九用于文章结尾的句型: 九用于文章结尾的句型: 1) From what has been discussed above/taking into account all these factors, we may safely arrive at/draw/come to/reach the conclusion that ... 2) It is high time that we put considerable/great/special emphasis on ... 3) We must look for all immediate method, because the present situation of ..., if permitted to continue, will sure lead to/result in... 4) Many solutions/methods are being offered here, all of them make some sense, but none is quite satisfactory. The problem should be examined in a new way. 5) There is no immediate solution to the problem of..., but... might be helpful/beneficial. 6) No easy method can be at hand to solve the problem of ..., but the general awareness of the necessity/importance of... might be the first step on the right way. 7) There is little doubt/denying that ... 8) It is, therefore, obvious/evident that the task of...require immediate attention. 9) As far as ... be concerned, I believe/think that ... 10) In conclusion,... 11) In my opinion, I am in favor of ... 12) Personally, I prefer to... 13) In short,... should learn to...; Only in this way can the most difficult problems be solved properly. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m 14) As far as I am concerned, I agree with the opinion that... 十用于论证和说明的句型: 十用于论证和说明的句型: 1) We may cite/quote/take a single/common example to illustrate... 2) Our society abounds with the examples of ... 3) A recent study indicates/suggests/shows that... 4) According to the statistics provided by..., it can be seen that... 5) There is good/sufficient evidence to show that... 6) This brings out/set forth the important fact that ... 7) No one can ignore/overlook the fact that... 十一常用谚语 (在议论文中): 1) As a popular saying goes, “Every coin has two sides”. 2) As a proverb says, “Everything has two sides”. On the one hand, physical exercise is good for your health. On the other hand, if you don?t deal with it properly, it will do harm to your health. So we should look at the matter from two sides. 3) As a proverb says, “Where there is a will there is a way.” (有志者事竟成) 4) As a popular saying goes, “A man is known by the company he keeps.”(观其交友,知其为人) 5) As is known to all, “No pains, no gains”.(没有苦,就没 有甜) 十二辩论中常用的句型: 十二辩论中常用的句型 1) There is no doubt that ... 2) It is obvious/clear that ... 3) As is known to all, ... 4) (It?s) no wonder... (难怪) He didn?t work hard and no wonder he lost his job. 5) It goes without saying that ... (不用说,不成问题,很自 然……) 6) What is more important, ... 7) I am convinced that ... (我深信……) 英文作文 52 例活用句型

I. 用于文章主题句 1 (It is) needless to say (that)子句 = It is obvious that 子句 = Obviously, S. + V. 2. …是不可能的; 无法… There is no Ving= There is no way of Ving.= There is no possibility of Ving. = It is impossible to V.= It is out of the question to V.= No one can V. = We cannot V. 例︰不可否认的,成功的事业关键在于健康的身心。 There is not denying that successful business lies in a healthy body and mind. 3. 我深信… I am greatly convinced (that)子句= I am greatly assured (that)子句 例︰我深信预防是重于治疗。 I am greatly convinced that prevention is better than cure. 4. 在各种…之中… Among various kinds of …, …= Of all the …, … 例︰在各种运动中,我尤其喜欢慢跑。 Among various kinds of sports, I like jogging in particular. 5. …是很容易证明的。 It can be easily proved (that)子句 例︰时间最珍贵是很容易证明的。 It can be easily proved that nothing is more precious than time. 6. …无论如何强调都不为过 … cannot be overemphasized 例︰交通安全的重要性无论如何强调都不为过。 The importance of traffic safety cannot be overemphasized. 7. 就我的看法…;我认为… In my opinion, …= To my mind, …. = As far as I am concerned, … = I am of the opinion that 子句 例︰就我的看法,打电动玩具既花费时间也有害健康。 In my opinion, playing video games not only takes much time but is also harmful to health. 8. (A) 每个人都知道… Everyone knows (that)子句 (B) 就我所知… As far as my knowledge is concerned, … 例︰就我所知下列方法对我帮助很大。 As far as my knowledge is concerned, the following ways are of great help to me. 9. 毫无疑问地… There is no doubt (that)子句 例︰毫无疑问地近视在我国的年轻人中是一个严重的 问题。 There is no doubt that near-sightedness is a serious problem among the youth of our country. 10. 根据我个人经验… According to my personal experience, …= Based on my personal experience, … 例︰根据我个人经验微笑已带给我许多好处。 According to my personal experience, smile has done me a lot of good. 7

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11. 在我认识的人当中也许没有一个人比…更值得我 尊敬。 Of all the people I know, perhaps non deserves my respect more than … 例︰在我认识的人当中也许没有一个人比我的英文老 师张老师更值得我尊敬。 Of all the people I know, perhaps non deserves my respect more than Miss Chang, my English teacher. 12. 在我的求学过程中我忘不了… In the course of my schooling. I will never forget … 例︰在我的求学过程中我忘不了学习英文所遭到的大 困难。 In the course of my schooling. I will never forget the great difficulty I encountered in learning English. 13. (A) 随着人口的增加… With the increase/growth of the population, … (B) 随着科技的进步, … With the advance of science and technology, … 例︰随着台湾经济的快速发展,许多社会问题产生了。 With the rapid development of Taiwan's economy, a lot of social problems have come to pass. 14. (A) 在这信息的年代…扮演重要的角色。 In the age of information and communication, … plays an important role. (B) 在今日工业社会中…是生命不可或缺的。 In today's industrial society, … is indispensable to life. 例︰在这信息的年代,计算机扮演非常重要的角色。 In this age of information and communication, the computer plays an extremely important role. 15. 在讨论…一个人不得不承认…。 In dealing with …, one cannot but admit (that)子句 例︰在讨论未来的职业,一个人不得不承认尽早决定未 来的职业很重要。 In dealing with one's future career, one cannot but admit that it is very important to decide one's future career as early as possible. 16. 世上没有什么比…更令我高兴。 Nothing in the world can delight me so much as … 例︰世上没有什么比到快餐店吃汉堡更令我高兴。 Nothing in the world can delight me so much as having hamburgers in fast-food restaurants. 17. … 是必要的 It is necessary that S (should) V … 是重要的 It is important/essential that S (should) V … 是适当的 It is proper that S (should) V … 是紧急的 It is urgent that S (should) V 例︰我们当保持公共场所清洁是应当的。 It is proper that we (should) keep the public places clean. 18. 每当我听到…我就忍不住感到兴奋。Whenever I hear …, I cannot but feel excited. 每当我做…我就忍不住感到悲伤。 Whenever I do …, I cannot but feel sad. 每当我想到…我就忍不住感到紧张。Whenever I think of …, I cannot but feel nervous. 每当我遭遇…我就忍不住感到害怕。Whenever I meet with …, I cannot but feel frightened. 每当我看到… 我就忍不住感到惊讶。 Whenever I see …, I cannot but feel surprised. 例︰每当我想到我家附近那一条清澈的小溪,我就忍不 住感到悲伤。

Whenever I think of the clean brook near my home, I cannot but feel sad. = Every time I think of the clean brook near my home, I cannot help feeling sad. 19. 据说… It is said (that)子句 一般认为… It is thought (that)子句 大家都知道… It is known (that)子句 据报导… It is reported (that)子句 一般预料… It is expected (that)子句 一 般 估 计 … It is estimated (that) 子 句 w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m 一般相信… It is believed (that)子句 例︰一般相信阅读增加我们的知识、扩大我们的心胸。 It is believed (that) reading increases our knowledge and broadens our mind. 20. …的主要理由是… The main reason why ….. is (that)子句 例︰青少年犯罪的主要理由是社会环境日一败坏。 The main reason why the juveniles commit crimes is that social environment is becoming worse. 21. 俗语说得好:「…」。 Well goes an old saying, "…"= As an old saying goes(runs, says), "…"= An old saying goes, "…"= It's an old saying (that) 子句 例︰俗话说得好:「诚实为上策」。 As an old saying goes, "Honesty is the best policy." 22. (A) …用下列方法… … in the following ways. (B) …有三个主要理由。 … for three major reasons. (C) 要…至少我们可做三件事。 To …, there are at least three things we can do. 例︰(A) 我用下列方法增加信心。 I increase my confidence in the following ways. (B) 人们学外语有三个理由。 People learn a foreign language for three major reasons. (C) 为了维护健康,我们每天至少可做三件事。 To keep healthy, there are at least three things we can do every day. II. 用于文章承转句 23. 那就是(说)…;亦即… That is to say, …= That is, …= Namely, … 例︰我们生活需有规律。 也就是说,早睡早起,戒除烟酒。 We need to live a regular life. That is, we can keep good hours and refrain from smoking and drinking in the daily activities. 24. (A) 基于这个理由… For this reason, … (B) 为了这个目的… For this purpose, … 例︰基于这个理由,我已决定把行医作为未来的职业。 For this reason, I have decided to take practicing medicine as my future career. 25. 我们有理由相信… We have reasons to believe (that)子句 例︰我们有理由相信体罚应该严格禁止。 We have reasons to believe that corporal punishment should be strictly prohibited. 26. 事实上… As a matter of fact, …= In fact, … 例︰事实上健康才是最重要。 As a matter of fact, it is health that counts. 27. (A) 例如… For example, … 8 地址:山西省太原市和平南路 45 号英语周报社网络中心 电话:0351—6378335

(B) 拿…做例子 Take … for example. 例︰例如我们盲目地提高生活水准,却降低生活品质。 For example, we elevate the living standards blindly, but lower the quality of life. 28. 此外,我们不应忽视… Besides (In addition), we should not neglect … 例︰此外我们不应忽视每个人都想要一个温馨祥和的 社会。 In addition, we should not neglect that everyone wants a friendly and peaceful society. 29. 相反地… on the contrary, …= by contrast, … 例︰相反地,少数学生似乎还在鬼混。 On the contrary, a few students, it seems, are still fooling around. 30. 另一方面… on the other hand, … 例︰政府应严格执法,另一方面,大众也应该培养减少污 染的好习惯。 The government should enforce laws strictly. On the other hand, the public also should develop the good habit of reducing pollution. 31. 然而,很可惜的是… However, it is a pity that 子句 例︰然而?很可惜的是他总是临时抱佛脚。 However, it is a pity that he should always cram at the eleventh hour. 32. 换言之… in other words, …= to put it differently 例︰换言之,我会尽最大的努力达成我的目标。 In other words, I will try my best to attain (gain, live up to) my goal. 33. 别人可能认为这是事实,但我不是。我认为… It may be true as assumed by others, but I don't. I believe that 子句 例︰别人可能认为这是事实,但我不是。我认为… It may be true as assumed by others, but I don't. I believe that if you have strong determination and perseverance, the success will certainly come to you in the end. 34. 从此之后,我已发现… Ever since then, I have found that 子句 例︰从此之后,我已发现… Ever since then, I have found smile the best way to avoid any possible conflicts in our daily lives. 35. 这样说来,假如...当然毫无疑问地…。 In this light, if…, there can surely be no doubt (that) 子句 例︰这样说来,假如我们能善用时间?当然毫无疑问地 我们会成功。 In this light, if we can make good use of time, there can surely be no doubt that we will get somewhere. 36. 更严重的是…。 What is more serious is (that)子句 例︰更严重的是,我们不珍惜野生动物。 What is more serious is that we do not cherish the wildlife. 37. 鉴于社会的实际需要…。 In view of the practical need of society, …. 例︰鉴于社会的实际需要,愈来愈多人对学英语有兴 趣。

In view of the practical need of society, there are more and more people interested in learning English. III. 用于文章结论句 38. 如果能实践这三点…。 If one can really put the three points into action (practice), … 例︰如果能实践这三点…。 If one can really put the three points into action(practice), he will surely be able to live a healthy and happy life. 39. 做这些简单之事,我们一定可以…。 By doing these simple things, we surely can …. 例︰做这些简单之事,我们一定可以快乐出门平安回 家。 By doing these simple things, we surely can go out of the door happily and come back home safe every day. 40. 如此,我相信…。 In this way, I believe (that)子句 例︰如此,我相信大家能够像我一样享受乘坐公车的乐 趣。 In this way, I believe that all the people may be able to enjoy the bus ride like me. 41. 实践这些…。 By putting them (the above) into practice, …. 例︰实践这些,在智育方面我一直能不断进步。 By putting them(the above) into practice, I have been able to make constant progress in intellectual education. 42. (A) 唯有符合此三项要求,我们才能…。 Only by living up to the three requirements, can we …. (B) 唯有通力合作,我们才能…。 Only with combined efforts, can we …. 例︰唯有通力合作,我们才能期望台湾不久有新的面 貌。 Only with combined efforts, can we expect Taiwan to take a new face in due course. 43. 最后,但并非最不重要…。 Last but no least, …. 例︰最后,但并非最不重要,教育上的缺失是助长青少年 犯罪的原因。 Last but no least, the shortcoming in education is the cause contributing to juvenile delinquency. 44. 这证据显示~的重要性在怎么强调都不为过。 This evidence shows that the importance of ~ cannot be overemphasized. 例︰这证据显示交通安全的重要性在怎么强调都不为 过。 This evidence shows that the importance of traffic safety cannot be overemphasized. 45. 由于这些理由,我…。w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m For these reasons, I …. 例︰由于这些理由,我认为在台湾接受大学教育是明智 的。 For these reasons, I think that receiving college education in Taiwan is wise. 46. 总而言之…。 In conclusion, …= To sum up, … 例︰总而言之,好国民应该遵守交通规则。 In conclusion, a good citizen should abide by traffic regulations. 47. 因此,我们能下个结论,那就是…。 9

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We can, therefore, come to the conclusion (that)子句 例︰因此,我们能下个结论,那就是世上自由最珍贵。 We can, therefore, come to the conclusion that nothing is so precious as freedom in the world. 48. 如果我们能做到如上所述,毫无疑问地…。 If we can do as mentioned above, there can be no doubt (that)子句 例︰如果我们能做到如上所述,毫无疑问地,我们就能精 通英语。 If we can do as mentioned above, there can be no doubt that we can master English 49. 因此,这就是…的原因。 Thus, this is the reason why …. 例︰因此,这就是我重感冒的原因。 Thus, this is the reason why I caught a bad cold. 50. 所以,我们应该了解…。 Therefore, we should realize (that)子句 例︰所以,我们应该了解学英文不能没有字典。 Therefore, we should realize that in learning English we cannot do without a dictionary. 51. 因此,由上列的讨论我们可以明了…。 We, therefore, can make clear from the above discussion (that)子句 例︰因此,由上列的讨论我们可以明了毅力可以克服任 何困难。 We, therefore, can make clear from the above discussion that perseverance can overcome any difficulty. 52. 1. 从~观点来看…。 From the ~ point of view, …. 2. 根据~的看法…。According to ~ point of view, …. 例︰从政治的观点来看,这是一个很复杂的问题。 From the political point,it is a problem 三、高考英语写作必备句子 一、~~~ the + ~ est + 名词 + (that) + 主词 + have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc) ~~~ the most + 形容词 + 名词 + (that) + 主词 + have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc) 例句:Helen is the most beautiful girl that I have ever seen. 海伦是我所看过最美丽的女孩。 Mr. Chang is the kindest teacher that I have ever had. 张老师是我曾经遇到最仁慈的教师。 二、Nothing is + ~~~ er than to + V Nothing is + more + 形容词 + than to + V 例 句 : Nothing is more important than to receive education. 没有比接受教育更重要的事。 三、~~~ cannot emphasize the importance of ~~~ too much. (再怎么强调...的重要性也不为过。 例句: cannot ) We emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much. 我们再怎么强调保护眼睛的重要性也不为过。 四、There is no denying that + S + V ...(不可否认的...) 例句:There is no denying that the qualities of our living have gone from bad to worse. 不可否认的,我们的生活品质已经每况愈下。 五、It is universally acknowledged that + 句子~~ (全世 界都知道...) 例 句 : It is universally acknowledged that trees are indispensable to us. 全世界都知道树木对我们是不可或缺的。

六、There is no doubt that + 句子~~ (毫无疑问的...) 例句: There is no doubt that our educational system leaves something to be desired. 毫无疑问的我们的教育制度令人不满意。 七、An advantage of ~~~ is that + 句子 (...的优点是...) 例句:An advantage of using the solar energy is that it won't create (produce) any pollution. 使用太阳能的优点是它不会制造任何污染。 八、 The reason why + 句子 ~~~ is that + 句子 (...的原 因是...) 例句:The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can provide us with fresh air./ The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can supply fresh air for us. 我们必须种树的原因是它们能供应我们新鲜的空气。 九、So + 形容词 + be + 主词 + that + 句子 (如此... 以致于...) 例句:So precious is time that we can't afford to waste it. 时间是如此珍贵,我们经不起浪费它。 十、 Adj + as + Subject 主词) be, S + V~~~ (虽然...) ( + 例句: Rich as our country is, the qualities of our living are by no means satisfactory. {by no means = in no way = on no account 一点也不} 虽然我们的国家富有,我们的生活品质绝对令人不满 意。 十一、The + ~er + S + V, ~~~ the + ~er + S + V ~~~ The + more + Adj + S + V, ~~~ the + more + Adj + S + V ~~~(愈...愈...) 例句:The harder you work, the more progress you make. 你愈努力,你愈进步。 The more books we read, the more learned we become. 我们书读愈多,我们愈有学问。 十二、By +Ving, ~~ can ~~ (借着...,..能够..) 例句:By taking exercise, we can always stay healthy. 借着做运动,我们能够始终保持健康。 十三、~~~ enable + Object(受词)+ to + V (..使..能 够..) 例句:Listening to music enable us to feel relaxed. 听音乐使我们能够感觉轻松。 十四、On no account can we + V ~~~ (我们绝对不 能...) 例 句 : On no account can we ignore the value of knowledge. 我们绝对不能忽略知识的价值。 十五、It is time + S + 过去式 (该是...的时候了) 例句: is time the authorities concerned took proper steps It to solve the traffic problems. 该是有关当局采取适当的措施来解决交通问题的时候 了。 十六、Those who ~~~ (...的人...) 例句:Those who violate traffic regulations should be punished. 违反交通规定的人应该受处罚。 十七、There is no one but ~~~ (没有人不...) 例句:There is no one but longs to go to college. 没有人不渴望上大学。 十八、be + forced/compelled/obliged + to + V (不得 不...) 10

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例句:Since the examination is around the corner, I am compelled to give up doing sports. 既然考试迫在眉睫,我不得不放弃做运动。 十九、It is conceivable that + 句子 (可想而知的) It is obvious that + 句子 (明显的) It is apparent that + 句子 (显然的) 例句:It is conceivable that knowledge plays an important role in our life. 可想而知,知识在我们的一生中扮演一个重要的角色。 二十、That is the reason why ~~~ (那就是...的原因) 例句: Summer is sultry. That is the reason why I don't like it. 夏天很燠热。那就是我不喜欢它的原因。 二十一、For the past + 时间,S + 现在完成式...(过 去...年来,...一直...) 例句:For the past two years, I have been busy preparing for the examination. 过去两年来,我一直忙着准备考试。 二十二、Since + S + 过去式,S + 现在完成式。 例句:Since he went to senior high school, he has worked very hard. 自从他上高中,他一直很用功。 二十三、It pays to + V ~~~ (...是值得的。) 例句:It pays to help others. 帮助别人是值得的。 二十四、be based on (以...为基础) 例句:The progress of thee society is based on harmony. 社会的进步是以和谐为基础的。 二十五、Spare no effort to + V (不遗余力的) 例 句 : We should spare no effort to beautify our environment. 我们应该不遗余力的美化我们的环境。 二十六、、、Get into the habit of + Ving = make it a rule to + V (养成...的习惯) We should get into the habit of keeping good hours. 我们应该养成早睡早起的习惯。 二十七、Due to/Owing to/Thanks to + N/Ving, ~~~ (因 为...) 例句:Thanks to his encouragement, I finally realized my dream. 因为他的鼓励,我终于实现我的梦想。 二十八、What a + Adj + N + S + V! = How + Adj + a + N + V!(多么...!) 例句:What an important thing it is to keep our promise! How important a thing it is to keep our promise! 遵守诺言是多么重要的事! 二十九、Leave much to be desired (令人不满意) 例句:The condition of our traffic leaves much to be desired. 我们的交通状况令人不满意。 三十、Have a great influence on ~~~ (对...有很大的影 响) 例句:Smoking has a great influence on our health. 抽烟对我们的健康有很大的影响。 三十一、do good to (对...有益),do harm to (对... 有害) 例句:Reading does good to our mind.读书对心灵有益。

Overwork does harm to health.工作过度对健康有害。 四、高考英语书面表达模板套句背诵 实用高考英语书面表达模板套句背诵 1. 用于文章主题句 . (1) 不用说… It goes without saying that… (从句) =It is needless to say (that) (从句) =It is obvious that…(从句) 例如:不用说,早睡早起是值得的。 It goes without saying that it pays to keep early hours. (2) …是不可能的,无法…w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m There is no V.-ing. =There is no way of V.-ing. =There is no possibility of V.-ing. =It is impossible to V. =It is out of the question to V. =No one can V. =We can not V. 例如:不可否认,成功的关键在于健康的身心。 There is no denying that successful business lies in a healthy body and mind. (3)我深信… I am greatly convinced (that)…(从句) =I am greatly assured (that) …(从句) 例如:我深信预防胜于治疗。 I am greatly convinced that prevention is better than cure. (4) 在各种…之中,… Among various kinds … =Of all the … 例如:在各种运动中,我尤其喜欢慢跑。 Among various kinds of sports, I like jogging in particular. (5)…是很容易证明的。 It can be easily proved (that)…(从句) 例如:时间最宝贵是很容易证明的。 It can be easily proved that nothing is more precious than time. (6)… 无论怎样强调都不为过。 …cannot be overemphasized 例如:交通安全的重要性无论怎样强调都不为过。 The importance of traffic safety cannot be overemphasized. (7) 就我的看法;…我认为… In my opinion… =As far as I am concerned, … 例如:就我的看法,打电游既花费也有害健康。 In my opinion, playing video games not only takes up much time but also is harmful to our health. (8) (A)每个人都知道… Everyone knows (that) … (从句) (B) 就我所知,… As far as my knowledge is concerned… 例如:就我所知,下列方法对我帮助很大。 As far as my knowledge is concerned, the following ways are of great help to me. (9)根据我个人经验,… According to my personal experience,… = Based on my personal experience, … 例如:根据我个人经验,… According to my personal experience, smile has done me 11

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a lot of good. (10) 在我认识的人当中,也许没有一个人比…更值得 我尊敬。 Of all the people I know, Perhaps none deserves my respect more than… 例如:在我认识的人当中,也许没有一个人比我的英语 张老师更值得我尊敬。 Of all the people I know, perhaps none deserves my respect more than Miss Zhang, my English teacher. (11) 在我的求学过程中,我忘不了… In the course of my schooling, I will never forget … 例如:在我求学的过程中,我忘不了学习英语的巨大困 难。 In the course of my schooling, I will never forget the great difficulty I encountered in learning English. (12) (A) 随着人口的增加,… With the increase / growth of the population,… (B) 随着科技的进步,… With the advance of science and technology,… 例如: 随着我国经济的快速发展, 许多社会问题产生了。 With the rapid development of our economy, a lot of social problems have surfaced. (13) 在这信息的年代,…扮演重要的角色。 In the age of information and communication, … plays an important role. 例如: 在这信息的年代, 计算机扮演着非常重要的角色。 In the age of information and communication, the computer plays an extremely important role. (14) 在讨论…时,一个人不得不承认… In dealing with …, one can not but admit (that) … (从句) 例如:在讨论未来职业的时候, 一个人不得不承认尽早 决定未来的职业很重要。 In dealing with one’s future career, one can not but admit that it is very important to decide one’s future career as early as possible. (15) 世界上没有什么比…更令我高兴。 Nothing in the world can delight me so much as … 例如:世界上没有什么比到快餐店吃汉堡包更令我高 兴。 Nothing in the world can delight me so much as having hamburgers in fast food restaurants. (16) … 是必要的。It is necessary that S. (should) V. …是重要的。It is important / essential that S (should) V. …是适当的。It is proper that S. (should ) V. …是紧急的。It is urgent that S. (should) V. 例如:我们保持公共场所的清洁是应当的。 It is proper that we (should) keep the public places clean. (17) 每当我听到…,我就忍不住感到兴奋。 Whenever I hear …, I can not but feel excited. 每当我做…, 我就忍不住感到悲伤。 Whenever I do …, I can not but feel sad. 每当我想到…,我就忍不住感到紧张。 Whenever I think of …, I can not but feel nervous. 每当我遭遇…,我就忍不住感到害怕。 Whenever I meet with …, I can not but feel frightened. 每当我看到…,我就忍不住感到?取?/DIV> Whenever I see…,I can not but feel surprised. 例如:每当我想到我家附近那一条清澈的小溪,我就忍 不住感到悲伤。

Whenever I think of the clean brook near my house, I can not but feel sad. =Every time I think of the clean brook near my house, I can not help feeling sad. (18)据说…It is said (that)…(从句) 一般认为…It is thought (that)…(从句) 大家都知道…It is known to all (that)…(从句) 据报道…It is reported (that)…(从句) 一般预料…It is expected (that)…(从句) 一般相信…It is believed (that)…(从句) 例如: 一般相信阅读增长我们的知识, 拓宽我们的视野。 It is believed (that) reading increases our knowledge and broadens our mind. (19)…的主要原因是… The main reason why … is (that)…(从句) 例如:青少年犯罪的主要原因是社会风气日益败坏。 The main reason why the juveniles commit crimes is that social environment is becoming worse. (20)俗话说得好:“…” Well goes an old saying,“…” =As an old saying goes,“…” =An old saying goes,“…” =It’s an old saying(that)…(从句) 例如:俗话说得好:“诚实为上策”。 As an old saying goes,“Honesty is the best policy.” (21)(A)…用下列方法。 … in the following ways. (B)…有三个主要理由。 …for three major reasons. (C)要…,我们至少要做三件事。 To…,there are at least three things we can do. 例如:(A)我用下列方法增强信心。 I increase my confidence in following ways. (B)人们学习外语主要有三个理由。 People learn a foreign for three major reasons. (C)要保持身体健康,我们每天至少可做三件事。 To keep healthy, there are at least three things we can do every day. 2. 用于文章承转句 用于文章承转句。 (22)那就是说…;亦即… That is to say,… =That is ,… =Namely,… 例如:我们生活需要有规律。也就是说,早睡早起,戒 除烟酒。 We need to live a regular life. That is (to say), we can keep good hours and refrain from smoking in the daily activities. (23)我们有理由相信… We have reasons to believe (that)… 例如:我们有理由相信体罚应该严格禁止。 We have reasons to believe (that) corporal punishment should be strictly prohibited. (24)事实上,… As a matter of fact,…=in fact… 例如;事实上,健康才是最重要的。 As a matter of fact,it is health that count. (25) (A)例如,… For example,…=For instance (B) 以…为例 12

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In view of the practical need of society,… 例如: 鉴于社会实践的需要,愈来愈多的人对学英语有 量。 兴趣。 For example, elevate the living standard blindly, but lower In view of practical need of society, there are more and the quality of life. more people interested in learning English. (26)此外,我们不应忽视… 3. 用于文章结论句 Besides(in addition), we should not neglect… (36)如果能实践这三点,… 例如:此外,我们不应忽视每个人都想要一个温馨祥和 If one can really put the three points into action (practice), … 的社会。 例如:如果能实践这三点,他肯定能过上幸福的生活。 In addition, we should not neglect that everyone wants a friendly and peaceful society. If one can really put the three points into action (practice), he will surely be able to live a happy life. (27) 相反的,…w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m (37) 如此,我相信… On the contrary, …=By contrast, … In this way, I believe (that) …(从句) 例如:相反的,少数学生似乎还在虚度光阴。 On the contrary, a few students, it seems, are still fooling 例如:如此,我相信大家或许能够像我一样,享受乘坐 around. 公共汽车的乐趣。 (28) 另一方面,… In this way, I believe that all the people may be able to On the other hand, … enjoy the bus ride like me. 例如:政府应严格执法,另一方面,大众也应该培养减 (38) 实践这些,… 少污染的好习惯。 By putting them (the above)into practice,… The government should enforce laws strictly. On the other 例如:实践这些,在智育方面我一直不断进步。 hand, the public should also develop the good habit of reducing By putting them (the above)into practice, I have been pollution. able to make constant progress in intellectual education. (29) 然而;很可惜的是… (39) 唯有通力合作,我们才能… However, it is a pity that … Only with combined efforts, can we … 例如:然而,很可惜的是他总是临时抱佛脚。 例如:唯有通力合作,我们才能期望我们的家乡不久会 However, it is a pity that he should always cram at the 有新的面貌。 eleventh hour. Only with combined efforts, can we expect our hometown (30) 换言之,… take on a new look in due course. In other words, … = To put it differently (40) 最后,但很重要,… 例如:换言之,我会尽最大的努力达到我的目标。 Last but not least, … In other words, I will try my best to attain (gain; live up to) 例如: 最后,但很重要,教育上的失误是助长青少年犯 my goal. 罪的原因。 (31) 别人可能认为这是事实,但我不是。我认为… Last but not least, the shortcoming in education is the It will be true as assumed by other, but I don’t believe it. I cause contributing to juvenile delinquency. believe that … (从句) (41) 基于这些理由,我… 例如:别人可能认为这是事实,但我不是。我认为如果 For these reasons, I … 你有很大的决心和毅力,成功最终是属于你的。 例如:基于这些理由,我认为在中国接受大学教育是明 It will be true as assumed by others, but I don’t believe it. 智的。… I believe that if you have strong determination and For these reason, I think that receiving college education perseverance, success will certainly come to you in the end. In China is wise. (32) 从此之后,我已发现… (42) 总而言之,… Ever since then, I have found that …(从句) In conclusion, …=To sum up, … 例如:从此之后,我已发现微笑是避免我们日常生活中 例如:总而言之,好公民应该遵守交通规则。 发生纠纷的最好办法。 In conclusion, a good citizen should observe traffic Ever since then, I have found that smiling is the best way regulations. to avoid any possible conflicts in our daily life (43) 因此,我们能下个结论,那就是… (33)这样说来,假如…, 当然毫无疑问地… We can, therefore, come to the conclusion (that)…(从句) In the light, if …, there can surely be no doubt (that) … 例如: 因此, 我们能下个结论, 那就是世上和平最珍贵。 (从句) We can, therefore, come to the conclusion that nothing is 例如:假如我们能善于利用时间,当然毫无疑问地我们 so precious as peace in the world. 会成功。 (44)如果我们能做到如上所述,毫无疑问地… In the light, if we can make good use of time, there can If we can do as mentioned above, there can be no doubt surely be no doubt that we will get somewhere. (that) …(从句) (34) 更严重的是,… 例如:如果我们能做到如上所述,毫无疑问地, 我们 What is more serious is (that) … (从句) 就能精通英语。 例如:更严重的是,我们不珍惜野生动物。 If we can do as mentioned above, there can be no doubt What is more serious is that we do not cherish wildlife. that we can master English. (35) 鉴于社会实际的需要,… (45) 因此,这就是…的原因。 13 地址:山西省太原市和平南路 45 号英语周报社网络中心 电话:0351—6378335

Take…for example 例如:例如,我们盲目地提高生活水准,却降低生活质

Thus, this is the reason why… Honesty 根据最近的一项统计调查显示,大学生向老 例如:因此,这就是我得重感冒的原因。 师请假的理由当中 78%都是假的。 Thus, this is the reason why I caught a bad cold. Travel by Bike 根据最近的一项统计调查显示,85% (46) 所以,我们应该了解… 的人在近距离旅行的时候首选的交通工具是自行车。 Therefore, we should realize (that)…(从句) Youth 例如:所以,我们应该了解学英文不能没有词典。 根据最近的一项统计调查显示,在某个大学,学生的 Therefore, we should realize that in learning English we 课余时间的 70%都是在休闲娱乐。 can not do without a dictionary. Five-day Work Week Better than Six-day Work? (47) 因此,由上面的讨论我们可以明了… 根据最近的一项统计调查显示, 98%的人同意每周五 We, therefore, can make it clear from the above discussion 天工作日。 (that )…(从句) 更多句型: 例如:因此,由上面的讨论我们可以明了,坚持不懈可 A recent statistics shows that… 以克服任何困难。 二结尾万能公式: 二结尾万能公式: We, therefore, can make it clear from the above discussion 1.结尾万能公式一:如此结论说完了,毕竟要归纳 that perseverance can overcome any difficulty. 一番,相信各位都有这样的经历,领导长篇大论,到最后终 (48) 从…观点来看, … 于冒出个“总而言之”之类的话,我们马上停止开小差,等待 From the … point of view, … 领导说结束语。也就是说,开头很好,也必然要有一个精彩 例如:从政治的观点来看,这是一个很复杂的问题。 的结尾,让读者眼前一亮,这样,你就可以拿高分了!比如 From the political point of view, it is very complicated 下面的例子: problem. Obviously ( 此 为 过 渡 短 语 ) , we can draw the 4. 书信写作常用的惯用语 conclusion that good manners arise from politeness and respect (49) 在信的开头常用以下客套话: for others. How are you? 如果读者很难“显而见之”,但说无妨,就当读者的眼 How are you getting on recently? 光太浅罢了! How are you getting on/ along with …? 更多过渡短语:w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m 当给别人复信时,可以用: to sum up, in conclusion, in brief, on account of this, Many thanks for your last kind letter. thus I must apologize for not replying to your last letter at 更多句型: once. Thus, it can be concluded that…, Therefore, we can find (50) 在信的结尾时可以用以下语言。 that… Best wishes /regards to you! 2.结尾万能公式二:如此建议如果说“如此结论”是 Good luck to you! Please give my best wishes to … 结尾最没用的废话, 那么“如此建议”应该是最有价值的废话 Looking forward to hearing from you! 了,因为这里虽然也是废话,但是却用了一个很经典的虚拟 Wish you good health and happiness! 语气的句型。拽! 五、高考英语写作常用开头和结尾 Obviously, it is high time that we took some measures 一开头万能公式: 一开头万能公式: to solve the problem. 1.开头万能公式一:名人名言有人问了,“我没有记 这里的虚拟语气用得很经典, 因为考官本来经常考这 住名言,怎么办?尤其是英语名言?”,很好办:编! 个句型,而如果我们自己写出来,你说考官会怎么想呢? 原理:我们看到的东西很多都是创造出来的,包括我 更多句型: 们欣赏的文章也是,所以尽管编,但是一定要听起来很有道 Accordingly, I recommend that some measures be taken. 理呦!而且没准将来我们就是名人呢!对吧? Consequently, to solve the problem, some measures 经典句型: should be taken. A proverb says,“You are only young once.”(适用于已 二、写作的七项基本原则 记住的名言) 一、长短句原则工作还得一张一驰呢,老让读者读长 It goes without saying that we cannot be young forever. 句,累死人!写一个短小精辟的句子,相反,却可以起到画 (适用于自编名言) 龙点睛的作用。而且如果我们把短句放在段首或者段末,也 更多经典句型: 可以揭示主题: As everyone knows, No one can deny that… As a creature, I eat; as a man, I read. Although one 2。开头万能公式二:数字统计原理:要想更有说服 action is to meet the primary need of my body and the other is 力,就应该用实际的数字来说明。 to satisfy the intellectual need of mind, they are in a way quite 原则上在议论文当中不应该出现虚假数字的, 可是在 similar. 考试的时候哪管那三七二十一,但编无妨,只要我有东西写 如此可见, 长短句结合, 抑扬顿挫, 岂不爽哉?牢记! 就万事大吉了。所以不妨试用下面的句型: 强烈建议:在文章第一段(开头)用一长一短,且先 According to a recent survey, about 78.9% of the 长后短;在文章主体部分,要先用一个短句解释主要意思, college students wanted to further their study after their 然后在阐述几个要点的时候采用先短后长的句群形式, 定会 graduation. 让主体部分妙笔生辉!文章结尾一般用一长一短就可以了。 看起来这个数字文邹邹的, 其实都是编造出来的,下 二、主题句原则国有其君,家有其主,文章也要有其 面随便几个题目我们都可以这样编造: 14 地址:山西省太原市和平南路 45 号英语周报社网络中心 电话:0351—6378335

主。否则会给人造成“群龙无首”之感!相信各位读过一些破 烂文学,故意把主体隐藏在文章之内,结果造成我们稀里糊 涂!不知所云!所以奉劝各位一定要写一个主题句,放在文 章的开头(保险型)或者结尾,让读者一目了然,必会平安 无事! 特别提示:隐藏主体句可是要冒险的! To begin with, you must work hard at your lessons and be fully prepared before the exam (主题句) Without sufficient . preparation, you can hardly expect to answer allthe questions correctly. 三、一二三原则领导讲话总是第一部分、第一点、第 二点、第三点、第二部分、第一点…如此罗嗦。可毕竟还是 条理清楚。 考官们看文章也必然要通过这些关键性的“标签” 来判定你的文章是否结构清楚, 条理自然。 破解方法很简单, 只要把下面任何一组的词汇加入到你的几个要点前就清楚 了。 1)first, second, third, last(不推荐,原因:俗) 2) firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally (不推荐, 原因: 俗) 3)the first, the second, the third, the last(不推荐,原 因:俗) 4)in the first place, in the second place, in the third place, lastly(不推荐,原因:俗) 5)to begin with, then, furthermore, finally(强烈推荐) 6)to start with, next, in addition, finally(强烈推荐) 7) first and foremost, besides, last but not least 强烈推 ( 荐) 8)most important of all, moreover, finally 9)on the one hand, on the other hand(适用于两点的 情况) 10)for one thing, for another thing(适用于两点的情 况) 建议:不仅仅在写作中注意, 平时说话的时候也应该 条理清楚! 四、短语优先原则 写作时,尤其是在考试时,如果使用短语,有两个好 处:其一、用短语会使文章增加亮点,如果老师们看到你的 文章太简单,看不到一个自己不认识的短语,必然会看你低 一等。相反,如果发现亮点—精彩的短语,那么你的文章定 会得高分了。其二、关键时刻思维短路,只有凑字数,怎么 办?用短语是一个办法!比如: I cannot bear it. 可以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it. I want it. 可以用短语表达:I am looking forward to it. 这样字数明显增加,表达也更准确。 多实少虚原则原因很简单, 写文章还是应该写一 五、 些实际的东西,不要空话连篇。这就要求一定要多用实词, 少用虚词。我这里所说的虚词就是指那些比较大的词。比如 我们说一个很好的时候,不应该之说 nice 这样空洞的词, 应该使用一些诸如 generous, humorous, interesting, smart, gentle, warm-hearted, hospital 之类的形象词。再比如: 走出房间,general 的词是:walk out of the room 但是小偷走出房间应该说:slip out of the room 小姐走出房间应该说:sail out of the room 小孩走出房间应该说:dance out of the room 老人走出房间应该说:stagger out of the room

所以多用实词,少用虚词,文章将会大放异彩! 六、多变句式原则 1)加法(串联) 都希望写下很长的句子,像个老外似的,可就是怕写 错,怎么办,最保险的写长句的方法就是这些,可以在任何 句子之间加 and,但最好是前后的句子又先后关系或者并列 关系。比如说: I enjoy music and he is fond of playing guitar. 如果是二者并列的,我们可以用一个超级句式: Not only the fur coat is soft, but it is also warm. 其它的短语可以用: besides, furthermore, likewise, moreover 2)转折(拐弯抹角) 批评某人缺点的时候, 我们总习惯先拐弯抹角说说他 的优点, 然后转入正题, 再说缺点, 这种方式虽然阴险了点, 可毕竟还比较容易让人接受。所以呢,我们说话的时候,只 要在要点之前先来点废话,注意二者之间用个专这次就够 了。 The car was quite old, yet it was in excellent condition. The coat was thin, but it was warm. 更多的短语: despite that, still, however, nevertheless, in spite of, despite, notwithstanding 3)因果(so, so, so) 昨天在街上我看到了一个女孩,然后我主动搭讪,然 后我们去咖啡厅,然后我们认识了,然后我们成为了朋友… 可见,讲故事的时候我们总要追求先后顺序,先什么,后什 么,所以然后这个词就变得很常见了。其实这个词表示的是 先后或因果关系! The snow began to fall, so we went home. 更多短语: then, therefore, consequently, accordingly, hence, as a result, for this reason, so that 4)失衡句(头重脚轻,或者头轻脚重) 有些人脑袋大, 身体小, 或者有些人脑袋小, 身体大, 虽然我们不希望长成这个样子,可如果真的是这样了,也就 必然会吸引别人的注意力。文章中如果出现这样的句子,就 更会让考官看到你的句子与众不同。其实就是主语从句,表 语从句,宾语从句的变形。 举例:This is what I can do. Whether he can go with us or not is not sure. 同样主语、宾语、表语可以改成如下的复杂成分: When to go, Why he goes away… 5)附加(多此一举) 如果有了老婆,总会遇到这样的情况,当你再讲某个 人的时候,她会插一句说,我昨天见过他;或者说,就是某 某某,如果把老婆的话插入到我们的话里面,那就是定语从 句和同位语从句或者是插入语。 The man whom you met yesterday is a friend of mine. I don’t enjoy that book you are reading. Mr liu, our oral English teacher, is easy-going. 其实很简单,同位语--要解释的东西删除后不影响整 个句子的构成; 定语从句—借用之前的关键词并且用其重新 组成一个句子插入其中, 但是 whom or that 关键词必须要紧 跟在先行词之前。 6)排比(排山倒海句) 文学作品中最吸引人的地方莫过于此, 如果非要让你 15

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可以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it. 的文章更加精彩的话,那么我希望你引用一个个的排比句, 因此可以这样说:I cannot bear it. That is to say, I 一个个得对偶句,一个个的不定式,一个个地词,一个个的 cannot put up with it or I am fed up with it. 短语,如此表达将会使文章有排山倒海之势! 更多短语: Whether your tastes are modern or traditional, in more difficult language, in simpler words, put it more sophisticated or simple, there is plenty in London for you. simply. Nowadays, energy can be obtained through various sources such as oil, coal, natural gas, solar heat, the wind and ocean tides. We have got to study hard, to enlarge our scope of knowledge, to realize our potentials and to pay for our life.(气 势恢宏) 要想写出如此气势恢宏的句子非用排比不可! 七、 挑战极限原则既然十挑战极限, 必然是比较难的, 但是并非不可攀! 原理:在学生的文章中,很少发现诸如独立主格的句 子, 其实也很简单, 只要花上 5 分钟的时间看看就可以领会, 它就是分词的一种特殊形式,分词要求主语一致,而独立主 格则不然。比如: The weather being fine, a large number of people went to climb the Western Hills. Africa is the second largest continent, its size being about three times that of China. 如果您可一些出这样的句子,不得高分才怪! 三、文章主体段落的三大杀手锏 一、举实例思维短路,举实例!提出一个观点,举实 例!提出一个方案,举实例!而且者也是我们揭示一个观点 最好的方式,任何情况下,只要我们无法继续文章,不管三 七二十一,尽管举例子! In order to attract more customers, advertisers have adopted every possible simulative factor in making ads, such as sound, light, colours, cartoon films and human performance. For instance, to advertise a certain food, advertisers will ask an actor or actress to sit at a table and devour the seemingly delicious food while they fime him or her. 更多句型: To take…as an example, One example is…, Another exampleis…, for example 二、做比较方法:写完一个要点,比较与之相似的; 又写完一个要点,再比较与之相反的;世界上没有同样的指 纹,没有相同的树叶,文章亦同,只有通过比较,你才会发 现二者的相同点(through comparison)和不同点(through contrast) 。下面是一些短语: 相似的比较: in comparison, likewise, similarly, in the same manner 相反的比较: on the other hand, conversely, whereas, while, instead, nevertheless, in contrast, on the contrary, compared with …,… 三、换言之没话说了,可以换一句话再说,让你的文 章在多一些字,或者文邹邹地说,是让读者更充分的理解你 的观点。 实际就是重复重复再重复! 下面的句子实际上就三个 字 I love you! I am enthusiastic about you. That is to say, I love you. I am wild about you. In other words, I have fallen in love with you. 或者上面我们举过的例子: I cannot bear it. 16 地址:山西省太原市和平南路 45 号英语周报社网络中心 电话:0351—6378335


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