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2017年人教版选修六Unit 4 Global warming单元测试

时间:2017-10-08


2017 年人教版选修六 Unit 4 Global warming 单元测试 Ⅰ.课本回扣和拓展 一、课文语法填空 There is no doubt 1.____________the earth is becoming warmer but there is fierce debate over whether it is human activity that has caused this global warming or whether it is just a natural phenomenon. Many scientists like Dr.Janice Foster believe that people have caused the increase in the earth’s temperature 2.____________ burning of fossil fuels like coal,natural gas and oil to produce energy 3.____________byproducts are called “greenhouse” gases,the most important one 4.____________carbon dioxide.These gases trap heat from the sun and therefore warm the earth,without which the earth 5.____________(be)about thirty?three degrees Celsius cooler than it is.But increased amount of carbon dioxide means that 6.____________ heat energy is trapped in the atmosphere,7.____________(cause)the global temperature to go 8.____________. On 9.____________other hand,scientists like George Hambley believe that any warming will be mild with few bad 10.____________ (environment) consequences and more carbon dioxide is actually a positive thing. 答案:1. that 2.by 3.whose 4.being 5.would be 6.more 7.causing 8.up 9.the 10.environmental 二、用约 30 个词概括课文内容 ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 答案:About the global warming,all scientists agree that it has been caused by human activities.Some think it will benefit humans while others predict it will be a disaster. 三、用括号中所给词语翻译下列句子,然后用五句话将这些句子连成一篇短文 【连词成句】 1.我每天在漓江边散步的时候,总可以看到江面飘着很多垃圾,如塑料袋、果皮等等。 (quantities of;and so on) ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 2.这些垃圾导致漓江的水变得很脏。(result in) ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 3.即使我们每天都说着要保护环境,但是仍有很多人在乱扔垃圾。(keep on;even if) ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 4.我真想知道是什么造成这种陋习。(come about) ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 5.总的来说,我强烈反对而且不能容忍这种行为。(on the whole;be opposed to;put up with) ________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________ 6.因为污染,地球面临全球温度上升。(because of) ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 7.我代表爱护环境的朋友们告诉那些喜欢乱扔垃圾的人,只要我们注意,我们就可以创 造出一个美丽的环境。(on behalf of;so long as) ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 8.希望大家都能够从我做起,爱护地球。(start from) ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 答案: 1.Every day I walk along the Lijiang River,I can often see quantities of rubbish such as plastic bags,fruit peels and so on floating on the river. 2.The rubbish results in the dirty water. 3.Many people keep on throwing rubbish even if we call to protect the environment every day. 4.I wonder how this sort of bad habit comes about. 5.On the whole,I am strongly opposed to and can’t put up with the behavior of this kind. 6.The earth is facing a global warming because of pollution. 7.On behalf of those who take good care of the environment,I would like to say as long as we can behave ourselves,we can create a beautiful environment. 8.Hopefully we can start from ourselves to protect the earth. 【连句成篇】 ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 答案:Every day I walk along the Lijiang River,I can often see quantities of rubbish such as plastic bags,fruit peels and so on floating on the river.There is no denying the fact that it is the rubbish that results in the dirty water in the Lijiang River.As we can see,many people keep on throwing rubbish even if we call to protect the environment every day,so I wonder how this sort of bad habit comes about.On the whole,I am strongly opposed to and can’t put up with the behavior of this kind,for we have to realize that the earth is facing a global warming because of pollution.Hopefully and sincerely,on behalf of those who take good care of the environment,I would like to say as long as we can behave ourselves and start from ourselves to protect the earth, we can create a beautiful environment. Ⅱ.能力培养和提升 一、单句语法填空 【练习 1】 Besides,shopping at this time of the year was not a pleasant experience:people stepped on your feet or 34.____________(push) you with their elbows(肘部),hurrying ahead to get to a bargain.

解析:people 已经有谓语 stepped,但由 or 知空格处与 stepped 构成并列关系,依然作 谓语,故填一般过去时 pushed。 答案:pushed 【练习 2】 This proverb is saying we have to let things go in their natural course.Being too anxious to help an event develop often 40.____________(result) in the contrary to our intention. 解析:动名词短语作主语是第三人称单数,空格作谓语,又根据语境分析,揠苗助长这 个成语所说明的道理是个客观真理,故用一般现在时态第三人称单数 results。 答案:results 【练习 3】 The sun was setting when my car 31.____________(break) down near a remote and poor village. 解析:was/were doing...when...did...是一个固定句型,when 后面的句子的谓语用一般过 去时,表示“正在做某事,就在这时发生了另一件事”。 答案:broke 【练习 4】 By the time you have finished this book,your meal ______________(get) cold. 解析:句意:等你看完这本书了,你的饭就凉了。本题考查动词时态的基本用法。根据 题干,by the time 后的从句的时态为现在完成时,表达现在看来以后要发生的动作或存在的 状态,因此主句谓语动词的动作发生在将来。 答案:will get 【练习 5】 Don’t worry.The hard work that you do now ____________(repay) later in life. 解析:句意:不要担心。你现在所做的艰难的工作在今后的生活中会得到回报。考查动 词时态和语态。根据 later in life 可知,设空处用一般将来时,又因为主语 the hard work 与动 词(repay)为被动关系,应用被动语态。 答案:will be repaid 【练习 6】 But the dog,after sniffing around for a bit,19.____________(lie) down and began to complain about how difficult it was to find one bone in such a big field. 解析:此处与“began”为并列谓语,因此使用 lie“躺”的过去式 lay。 答案:lay 【练 习 7 】 If you listen to rap music , you will notice how the lyrics( 歌 词 ) 18. ____________(speak) in the background of the songs. 解析:notice 后是一个由 how 引导的宾语从句,该从句中缺谓语,而且 the lyrics 与动 词 speak 之间是动宾关系,因此用被动语态。根据语境可知这里讲的是一般情况,故用一般 现在时。 答案:are spoken 【练习 8】 The organization 18.____________(found) in 1863, and was based on an idea by a Swiss businessman called Henry Dunant. 解析:考查时态和语态。The organization 和 found 之间是动宾关系,所以用被动语态, 结合后面的时间状语可知,应该用一般过去时。 答案:was founded 【练习 9】 I am keen on learning English. When my English teacher told me that I 18. ____________(choose) to take part in a speech competition,I was very glad and devoted myself to the preparation. 解析:根据文意可知应用过去完成时,而且 choose 与 I 之间是动宾关系,因此此处要 用动词的被动形式。 答案:had been chosen

【练习 10】 When you are living abroad,be sure to keep clean.Put all your dirty clothes in the laundry,hang up wet towels and clean your bathroom regularly,change your sheets weekly, keep all school or work supplies neatly arranged,and so on.All these 25.____________(show) that you respect the family. 解析:所有的这一切都将会表明你尊敬这个家庭。 答案:will show 二、语法填空 The hostess was to have a party and entertain guests at home.She busied herself so early in the morning,cleaning the house.She was so tired 1.____________ she felt pain in her waist and on the back.Drops of sweat fell from her forehead.She did not finish cleaning the house 2. ____________ dusk. 3.____________(look) at the clean and tidy drawing room,she released a sigh with a smile on her face. The guests were coming!Entering the drawing room,they 4.____________(attract) by the fresh flowers. Surprisingly pleased , they cheered in praise ,“Oh , what beautiful flowers!” “How colorful and fragrant!” “Just a look at it,and life is full of pleasure!” Then they went on to express their thanks 5. ____________ the hostess for her 6. ____________(delicate) arranged flowers. With an embarrassed smile,the hostess said,“I am glad you like it.Thank you for your praise. I was 7. ____________ bit surprised about it. I 8. ____________ make detailed arrangement for your honor. I was busy the whole day cleaning and mopping. As to the flowers in the vase , it is a piece of cake. I did it by just lifting my hand. Now you are 9. ____________(aware) of my hard work and praise 10.____________ highly for my easiest effort. It is beyond my expectation.” 【语篇解读】 本文是一篇记叙文。 文章讲述了一位女主人要在家开一个派对来招待她 的客人。在客人来之前,她花大力气打扫房间,累得腰酸背疼。然而,客人来之后却看不到 女主人的辛劳。 1.解析:考查连词的用法。难度中等。so...that...为固定句式,其中 that 引导结果状语从 句。句意:她是如此劳累,以至于她感觉腰酸背疼。故填 that。 答案:that 2.解析:考查连词。难度较小。句意:直到黄昏她还没有打扫完房间。 not...until/till... 意为“直到??才”,符合语境。故填 until/till。 答案:until/till 3.解析:考查非谓语动词。难度中等。句意:看着干净整洁的客厅,她松了口气,脸上 带着微笑。根据语境可知,此处应用现在分词作伴随状语,所以填 looking。 答案:Looking 4.解析:考查动词的时态和语态。难度中等。句意:进入客厅后,他们被鲜花吸引了。 根据语境可知,整段话的时态均为过去时,则此处也用—般过去时;又因为 they 与 attract 之间为动宾关系,所以应用动词的被动语态。故填 were attracted。 答案:were attracted 5.解析:考查介词的用法。难度中等。根据语境可知,此处指表达对女主人的感激之情。 向某人表示感激或感谢,常用 express one’s thanks to sb. ,所以应填介词 to。 答案:to

6.解析:考查副词构词法。难度中等。修饰 arranged 要用副词形式,所以填 delicately。 答案:delicately 7.解析:考查冠词的用法。难度中等。句意:谢谢你的赞美,我对此感到有点吃惊。表 示“有点”应用 a bit 或 a little。故填不定冠词 a。 答案:a 8.解析:考查助动词的用法。难度中等。助动词 do 的形式放在谓语动词之前表示强调, 意为“的确,确实”。根据语境可知,make detailed arrangement for your honor 这个动作发 生在过去,所以用一般过去时态,故填 did。 答案:did 9.解析:考查形容词构词法。难度中等。根据语境可知,这里是指客人没有注意到她的 辛劳。unaware 意为“不知道的,未察觉的”,符合语境。故填 unaware。 答案:unaware 10.解析:考查代词的用法。难度中等。谓语动词 praise 后面接宾语,所以应用代词的 宾格。根据语境可知,这里指客人们只表扬主人举手之劳的活。所以应用第一人称代词 I 的 宾格形式 me。 答案:me 三、完形填空 Different things usually stand for different feelings.Red,for example,is the color of fire, heat,blood and life.People say red is an exciting and active color.They associate (使发生联系) red with a strong feeling like __1__.Red is used for signs of __2__,such as STOP signs and fire engines.Orange is the bright,warm color of __3__ in autumn.People say orange is a __4__ color.They associate orange with happiness.Yellow is the color of __5__.People say it is a cheerful color.They associate yellow too,with happiness.Green is the cool color of grass in __6__.People say it is a refreshing color.In general,people __7__ two groups of colors:warm colors and cool colors.The warm colors are red,orange and __8__.Where there are warm color and a lot of light,people usually want to be __9__.Those who like to be with others like red.The cool colors are __10__ and blue.Where there are these __11__,people are usually worried.Some scientists say that time seems to __12__ by more slowly in a room with warm colors.They suggest that a warm color is a good __13__ for a living room or a __14__. People who are having a rest or are eating do not want time to pass quickly.__15__ colors are better for some offices if the people working there want time to pass quickly. 1.A.sadness B.anger C.administration 2.A.roads C.danger 3.A.land C.grass 4.A.lively C.noisy 5.A.moonlight C.sunlight 6.A.summer C.autumn 7.A.speak D.smile B.ways D.places B.leaves D.mountains B.dark D.frightening B.light D.stars B.spring D.winter B.say

D.tell B.yellow C.white D.gray 9.A.calm B.sleepy C.active D.helpful 10.A.black B.green C.golden D.yellow 11.A.colors B.people C.groups D.feelings 12.A.walk B.go C.run D.move 13.A.one B.way C.fact D.matter 14.A.factory B.classroom C.restaurant D.hospital 15.A.Different B.Cool C.Warm D.Same 【语篇解读】 不同颜色往往可以代表不同的心情。 根据不同颜色的特点以及给人留下 的感觉, 颜色的选择在日常生活中往往也起着一定的作用。 本文以其中的一些颜色为例作了 相关的解释说明,是一篇知识性很强的文章。 1.解析:选 B。根据上文的 strong feeling 可知 anger 符合文意。 2.解析:选 C。下文所列举的例子 STOP signs 和 fire engines 都属于危险信号,故选 danger。 3.解析:选 B。根据常识,黄色应是秋天树叶的颜色,故应选 leaves。 4.解析: 选 A。 下文提到人们把橘色和幸福联系起来, 说明黄色是一个充满生机的颜色, 故选 lively。 5.解析:选 C。下文提到黄色是令人愉快的颜色,根据常识太阳光的颜色是黄色,故选 sunlight。 6.解析:选 B。绿色是春季里草的颜色,故选 spring。 7.解析:选 C。speak 后面往往接某种语言作宾语;say 后面常接说话的内容;tell 的宾 语一般是人;talk about sth. 意为“谈论某事物”。故 C 项正确。 8.解析:选 B。根据上文对 yellow 的解释,可知 yellow 也属于 warm color。 9.解析:选 C。与下文喜欢冷色调的人相对应,再根据上文对各种暖色调的解释可知, active 为正确选项。 10.解析:选 A。由下文 people are usually worried 可知,应为冷色调中的黑色和蓝色。 11.解析:选 A。前一句讲的是冷色调,故此处选 colors。 12.解析:选 B。go by 意为“走过,流逝”,与下文的 pass 照应。 13.解析:选 B。根据上文,暖色调的环境下时间似乎过得更慢,说明暖色调是用来装 饰居室和饭馆的好方法,故选 way。 14.解析:选 C。由下一句中的“are eating”提示可知选 C。 15.解析:选 B。与暖色调相对立,冷色调适用于办公室,以使人感觉时间过得比较快。

C.talk about 8.A.green


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