Unit4 Module7 Public Transport Welcome to the unit, Reading & Word power 1 Brainstorming (1) If you want to go to the park or the museum, or you want to pay a visit to your classmates, which means of transport will you choose? (2) If you want to pay a visit to your relatives who live in a nearby city, which means of transport will you choose? (3) If you want to go travailing to a far-away city, which means of transport will you choose? (4) If you want to go abroad, how will you go? 2 Tables to fill in Make a comoarison among all the means oftransoort mentioned in this section and fill in the table Means of transport Advantages Disadvantages
buses or coaches
the maglev train
3. Discussion (1) Why do you think people would choose to travel by aeroplane rather than by ship?
(2) Why do you think we need all these different types of transport? 4 Language points 1. Buses have routes. They pick up and drop off people at different places on the route. pick up：捡起；用车接……；获得，学到，得到；好转，改进；接收节目 Some examples： 1．Whose turn is it to pick the children up after school? 2．I picked up the kids' clothes that were lying on the floor． 3．My radio can pick up France． 4．The nurse had picked up the information from a conversation she overheard．
He some Frenth while he was away on a business trip in Paris．(2003 上海春)
A．made out B．picked up C．gave up D．tookin 2．drop of (一个个)散去；走掉；让某人下车；下车 We dropped our luggage off at the hotel and went sightseeing The demand for mobile phones shows no signs of dropping off． 引申：drop in 顺便来访 drop sb．a line 写短信寄给某人 drop behind 落后 drop out 中途放弃
Just drop me at the statiOn，please． A．out B．away C．on D．ofr 3．The maglev train is powered by magnets． power：verb，给…提供动力，用动力发动 Buses and trucks are usually powered by diesel engines．
In the future electricity，will be used to power road vehicles Look at these pictures and discuss the different means of transport and when they became popular． means：n．方法，手段，工具 The quickest means of travel is by plane． she could find no means of escape other than jumping out of the window． 引申：by means of 依靠，凭借 by no means 决不，by this means 通过这种方法 自我检测：
Every means A．is tired out，but it doesn’t work． B．has been C．are D．have been
Though rich，he was better off than at any other period in his life． A．by any means B．by some means C．by all means D．by no means Homework 1．Finish the part Al and A2 of the work book． 2．Prepare the Reading． Reading The first underground in me worid l Brainstorming When we talk about London，what will you think about? 2．Fast reading for general idea 1．When was the first underground system opened?
2．Why Was the Victoria Line important? 3．What did Charles Holden do? 3．Detailed reading for important information (1)Why was an underground system first developed in London? (2)What Was the London Underground like in 1863? (3)What did Charles Yerkes do to improve the underground? (4)What are some of the different things that the underground has functioned as? (5) What happened to the London Underground after World War II? (6) What does it mean when the brochure says that the underground system is user-friendly? 3 Matching exercise Read the text an d find the information to match the year. Date 1854
1863 1868 1884 1933
1977 4. Main idea to b, found Go through the passage again a nd find out how many parts can the passage be divide Pan Part l Paragraph Paragraph 1 Paragraphs Part 2 2-4 Part 3 Part 4 Paragraph 5 Paragraphs 6-7 Main idea
5 Language points (1). distant adj. far away
in the distant past/future: far away in the past or future:
distance n. [C or U] the amount of space between two places: He travels quite a distance (= a long way) to work every day. Does she live within walking distance of her parents?
The faces of four famous American presidents on Mount Rushrnore can be seen from a _ of 60 miles.(2004 全国)
A. length B. distance C. way (2)．choke n．[C]v．窒息；堵塞；阻塞 D. space
1). 2). 3). 4).
The child swallowed a pen and chocked to death. The roads to the coast were choked with traffic. At lunchtime the streets were choked with traffic. Children can choke on peanuts.
引申：chock back 忍住，抑制 chock up 因激动等说不出话来 自我检测 During the rush hours the roads are usually _ _ up with traffic. A. chocked B. crowded C. blocked D. checked (3). link v. [T] to make a connection between two or more people, things or ideas: 1.The explosions are not thought to be linked in any way. link up: to form a connection, especially in order to work or operate together: 2.The organization's aim is to link up people from all over the country who are suffering
from the disease. 3. They linked up two areas by telephone. 用法拓展：be connected with 与……相接，和……有联系 (4). honor a quality that combines respect, pride and honesty:
We fought for the honor of our country. a man of honor n. [C] a reward, prize or title that publicly expresses admiration or respect: She received an honor for her services to the community. in honor of sb./sth: in order to celebrate or show great respect for someone or sth.: a banquet in honor of the president
My sister was against my suggestion while my brother was it. (2006 陕西) A. in favor of B. in memory of C. in honour of D. in search of (5). permit v. -tt- [T] to allow sth.: The regulations do notpermit much flexibility.
[+ ing form of verb] The prison authorities permit visiting only once a month. [+ object + to infinitive] The security system will not permit you to enter without the correct password (6)．order n．[U]顺序 in order of 以……的顺序 out oforder：杂乱无序 The children lined up in order of age/height. I can't find the file I need because they're all out of order (= they are no longer arranged in the correct way).
Put the files in alphabetical order. 高考链接 You have been sitting on my hat and now it is badly out of A. date B. shape C. order
．(2006 广东) D. balance
(7). refer to phrasal verb: 1) to talk or write about someone or sth., especially briefly 提到，谈到 In her autobiography she occasionally refers to her unhappy schooldays. 2) If writing or information refers to someone or sth., it relates to that person or thing: 涉及到，与某人或某事相关 The new salary scale only refers to company managers and directors (8). discount n. [C] a reduction in the usual price 折扣 at a discount：打折 They usually give you a discount if you buy multiple copies. They offer a 10 percent discount on rail travel for students. 自我检测
They sell the sweater A. on B. for 6 Consolidation exercises a discount of 30 percent. C. at D. with
The London underground system has the (1) of being the oldest and most complex underground system in the world. Before 1850, train services to London had already been (2) ,but people couldn' t build railways into the city because doing that would
cause great (3)
to many historic buildings.
So many buses were needed to (4) people to the city centre, which, however, often (5) traffic. This problem led to the development of the underground
system. In 1854, Metropolitan Railway Company was allowed to build an underground railway and the first, tunnels were opened in 1863. In 1868, the next (6) of the underground system was opened by another company called the Metropolitan District Railway In 1884, these two companies (7) and provided the underground service in the middle of the city. With the development of the (8) ways of digging tunnels, the first railway tunnel
under the River Thames was dug in 1884, and over the next 25 years, six (9) deep underground lines were made. But because they were (10) owned and far away from each other, traveling on these lines was (11) Having seen the situation,
Charles Yerkes, tried to improve the system. He bought many of the different lines and setting up the Underground Group. In 1933, a public (12) to 1938, the system (13) system had some (14) called the London Passenger Transport Board was created, which eventually became London Transport. From 1918 a lot.During World War II, the underground uses For example, many underground stations once (15) as bomb shelters. After the war, more lines were added. Now, the network of the underground system includes 12 lines
and goes 26 miles out of central London. Three million people travel on the underground every day. Can you imagine what London would be if there were no such underground system? 7Homework (1)Prepare the part Word power (2)Read the passage on Page 130 of the workbook Word power Language points
1．depend on／upon 依靠，依赖 1). Charities depend on people supporting their activities. 2). The country depends heavily on foreign aid. 3). Elaine depends upon Bob completely for her happiness.
高考链接 (1)――How oRen do you eat out?…——，but usually once a week．(2004 天津) A．Have no idea B．It depends C．As usual D．Generally speaking (2)一 Could you do me a favour?…It depends on——it is．(2006 北京) A．which B．whichever C．what D．whatever
2．rely on sb/sth．1)依靠，依赖 [+ing form of verb]The success of this project relies on everyone making an effort． [+ to infinitive] I'm relying on the garage to fix the car by tomorrow. 2) to trust someone or sth. or to expect them to behave in a particular
British weather can never be relied on - it's always changing. [+ ing form of verb] Don't rely on finding me here when you get back (= I might have gone). 3. means: a method or way of doing sth.：方法，手段 1). They had no means of communication. 2). We need to find some other means of transportation. 3). We must use every means at our disposal. She tried to explain by means of sign language. 引申：by means of 借助某种手段，方法 by all means 无论如何 by no means 决不
4. end v. [I or T] to finish or stop, or to make sth. finish or stop 结束，终止 When is your meeting due to end? Her resignation ends months of speculation about her future. Their marriage ended in 1991. end...with..: 以……方式结束 I'd like to end with a song from my first album. She ended her speech with an humorous joke.
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