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The differences of education between America and China

时间:2011-09-24

The differences of education between America and China

Education is the soul of a nation, a country can’t develop without education. Therefore, education is one of the most important thing in our life. As the education system should be based on its own society backgrounds, we can’t tell which is better between American education and Chinese education. But we can compare them in some aspects and tell the differences. First of all, the most obvious distinguish is that the goal of education. Chinese education is for foundation education, and American education is for the cultivation of students’ creativity and the ability of thinking and practice. Chinese students are good at getting high marks but on mathematics, psychics and so on. However, they are lack of chances to practice skills in real world thus having no social experiences. In that case, after graduation, most students find it difficult to find a satisfactory job though many of them get a job through the relationship net. While in America, the education system pays more attention to social skills than to marks .Students have developed the ability to be independence in life and work. After university, they show great capability of thinking, innovation and creation which make them keep pace with the modern world. They are competent for the challenging work and can gain a good job in America with ease.

Secondly, the attitude towards study is different between American and Chinese. American education tells the students learning is for themselves, and help students to think about what to learn and how to learn, so American students study actively, flexibly and creatively. Meanwhile, Chinese education has many prescription about what to learn, when to learn, and how to learn. In China, many parents only care about whether the children have a promising future, a good job, a good life or not and the teachers care no more than the high marks. Therefore, most Chinese students regard study as a way to get job or gain fame and wealth, and some think they study for teachers and parents, so they have no choice but studying forcefully and dogmatically. What’s more, China and America have totally different tradition and exams. Chinese education focuses on the knowledge to accumulate and indoctrinate, on how students use and manage the knowledge they learned in school, and on how to understand the knowledge system and structure. Reversibly, American care more about how students use knowledge in society. It lets student challenge the knowledge, animadvert ideas, and focus on, exploit or create knowledge. These two types of attitude about education show us the different ways to understand knowledge, and also to show two countries with different education opinions.

The last but not the least, as to the teaching methods, the two system have done a totally different. For school education, Chinese teachers tend to explain the known knowledge such as formulas, academic theories, and that, on the contrary, overseas teachers are more likely to enlighten students and guide them to probe into the unknown theories. Chinese teachers often give students a conclusion and it is the best if the students have no problems. But American teachers are good at enlightening the students to find more problems. For family education, in Chinese family , affected by Chinese traditional culture , parents educate children by “ control ” and “ seal ” type . In order to make their children have a good performance in study, become outstanding , or even become a famous person in the future , they would not let children do anything except studying . American parents bring up their children by the method of “ letting go ” but “ not indulging ” to exercise children’s abilities of

independent living . Most American parents emphasize more to train their children’s ability of independence once they are born because they think that children should form a self-supporting will and the capacity to live independently since their childhood . Education is not an end, but a means to an end. In other words, we do not educate children only for educating them as our purpose is to fit them for life. Both American and Chinese education has its own advantages and disadvantages, but when we compare them, America

education is better and more helpful to children’s future. In resent years, our Chinese are making efforts to improve our education system, if the improvement is tightly based on our society background I believe one day we can find a better way to educate the young generation and create a more powerful country.


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