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2011届高三英语语法完形套题_图文

时间:2013-06-20

即使失意潦倒自身价值未变 (完形)
一张钞票被弄皱了,其价值不会变;扔到地上,踩上几脚,其价值 依然没变!当你失意、落魄潦倒时,你自身的价值就改变了吗?

A well known speaker started off his lecture by holding up a $20 bill. In the room of 200, he asked, ―Who would 21 this $20 bill?‖ Hands started going up. He said, ―I am going to give this $20 to one of you but first, let me do this.‖ He proceeded to crumple (弄皱) the dollar bill up. 21. A. like B. want C. borrow D. get √ 21. A。由下文“Who still want it?‖可知,因would like=want(想要)。

He then asked, ―Who 22 wants it?‖ Still the hands were up in the air. ―Well,‖ he replied, ―What if I do this?‖ And he dropped it on the ground and started to grind (践踏) it into the floor with his 23. He picked it up, now all crumpled and 24. ―Now who still wants it?‖ Still the hands went into the air. 22. A. still B. yet C. already D. really √ 23. A. cap √ shoe B. C. sock D. leg 24. A. shabby √ dirty C. broken B. D. ragged
22. A。由上下文的语气可知;现在弄皱了,谁“还” 想要呢?另外,下文“Now who still wants it?‖也是明 显的提示。 23. B。由常识可知,践踏应是用脚上穿的“鞋”。 24. B。由前文“扔在地上践踏”了,可知“脏”了。

―My friends, you have all learned a very valuable 25. No matter what I did to the money, you still wanted it because it did not 26 in value. It was still worth $20.‖ Many times in our lives, we are 27, crumpled, and ground into the dirt by the decisions we 28 and the circumstances that come our way. 25. A. lesson B. story C. sense D. class √ 26. A. disappear B. lose C. increase D. decrease √ 27. A. ill B. thrown √ dropped D. blamed C. 28. A. have B. decide C. obey D. make √ 25. A。可说learn a lesson,但没有learn a class的说法。 26. D。由“It was still worth $20‖可知,其价值并没有 “减少”。 27. C。与前文的“he dropped it on the ground‖对应。 28. D。搭配:make decisions (作出决定)。

We feel as though we are 29. But no matter what has happened or what will happen, you will never lose your value. You are special – Don‘t 30 forget it!
29. A. valuable B. worthless √ 30. A. often B. truly C. invaluable D. priceless C. D. never √ ever

29. B。由前段和后句可知本句句意为:我们感到好象 一无是处(或一文不值)。选项C和D意为“无价的”。 30. C。由语境可知句意为,“在任何时候都不要忘 记——你非同一般!”表示“在任何时候(at any time)‖ 是ever。

改变世界从改变自己开始 (语法)
改变世界从改变自己开始,因为在我们改变自己的同时也潜 移默化地影响着家庭。在他们的鼓舞和激励下,我们可能会使我 们的国家变得更美好,从某种角度来看,也正改变着世界。

The following words were written on the tomb of an Anglican Bishop(主教) in the Crypts of Westminster Abbey(西敏寺): When I was young and free and my 31 (imagine) had no limits, I dreamed of changing the world. 32 I grew older and wiser, I discovered the world would not change, so I 33 (short) my sights somewhat and decided to change only my country. 31. imagination。在形容词性物主代词后要用名词。 32. As。表示“随着”,要用as引导时间状语从句。 33. shortened。作谓语要用动词,由上下文可知,要用 一般过去时。

But 34 , too, seemed immovable. As I grew 35 my twilight years(晚年), in one last desperate attempt, I settled for changing only my family, those 36 (close) to me, 37 alas, they would have 38 of it.
34. it。替代前文中的to change only my country。 35. into。表示“长成”grow into。 36. closest。“家人”是“最亲近的的人”。 37. but。前后是转折关系。

38. none。搭配:have none of (=refuse to accept)不接受, 不理睬。

And now as I lie on my deathbed, I suddenly realize: If I had only changed my self first, then by example I 39 (change) my family. From their inspiration and encouragement, I would then have been able 40 (better) my country and, who knows, I may have even changed the world.
39. would have changed。与过去事实相反的虚 拟语态。 40. to better。搭配;be able to do。

追逐你的梦想 (完形) I have a friend named Monty Roberts who owns a horse ranch in San Sedro. When he was a school boy he was asked to write a 21 about what he wanted to be and do when he grew up. That night he wrote a seven-page paper describing his goal of someday 22 a horse ranch. The next day he 23 it in to his teacher and got a large red F. 21. A. article B. composition C. letter D. paper √ 22. A. managingB. owning C. visiting D. selling √ 23. A. handed B. took C. delivered D. gave √
21. D。由下文中的wrote a seven-page paper, rewrite this paper和turned in the same paper等可知。 22. B。由首句可知。 23. A。表示“上交”论文或作业等给老师是hand in或turn in。

After class the teacher said to him, ―This is an unrealistic 24 for a young boy like you. If you will rewrite this paper with a more 25 goal, I will reconsider your 26.‖ He went home and asked his father what he should do. His father said, ―Look, son, you have to make up your own 27on this.‖ 24. A. reply B. answer C. dream D. conclusion √ 25. A. realistic B. characteristic C. authentic D. dramatic √ 26. A. future B. grade C. ranch D. paper √ 27. A. heart B. attention C. decision √ mind D 24. C。由下文I‘ll keep my dream可知。 25. A。由上文的unrealistic可知。 26. B。指上文提到的评分等级“F‖。 27. D。固定搭配:make up one‘s own mind on sth (自 己决定某事)。

Finally, after sitting with it for a week, the boy turned in the same paper, 28 no changes at all. He stated, ―You can keep the F and I‘ll keep my dream.‖ 28. A. taking C. making √ B. having D. getting

28. C。固定搭配:make changes(改变,进行修改)。

Several years later, that same teacher brought 30 kids to camp out on Monty‘s 29for a week. When leaving, the teacher said, ―Look, Monty, when I was your teacher, I was something of a dream stealer. During those years I 30 a lot of kids‘ dreams. Fortunately you had enough courage and determination not to give up on yours.‖ Don‘t let anyone steal your dreams. Follow your heart, no matter what. 29. A. house B. horse C. mountain D. √ ranch 30. A. stole B. realized C. followed D. destroyed √
29. D。由文章首句可知。 30. A。由前句的stealer和后文的Don‘t let anyone steal your dreams可知。

要怀有坚定的信念与希望 (语法)
靠轮椅行走的安吉拉,连医生对她的康复都不抱希望,但她 始终没有放弃,一次地震让她觉得是她自己的脚动了,并对此坚信 不疑,几年后她真的靠自己的双脚重新走进了学校。

Eleven-year-old Angela was stricken with a disease involving her nervous system. The doctors did not hold out much hope of her ever recovering 31 this illness. They predicted she‘d spend the rest of her life in a wheelchair. 32 Angela firmly believed that she was definitely going to be walking again someday. 31. from。搭配:recover from an illness从疾病中恢复 过来。 32. But。与前句是转折关系。

The doctors were charmed by her 33 (defeatable) spirit. They taught her about imaging — about seeing herself 34 (walk). Angela would work as hard as possible in physical therapy(理疗), lying there faithfully doing her imaging, visualizing herself moving, moving, moving! One day, 35 she was straining with all her might to imagine her legs moving again, 36 seemed as though a miracle happened: the bed moved! She screamed out, ―Look what I 37 (do)! Look! Look! I can do it! I moved, I moved!‖
33. undefeatable。在名词前作定语,要用形容词;由语境可知, 需要表示“不败的”,故填undefeatable。句意:医生为她永不言 败的精神所折服。 34. walking。表示“看见某人在做某事”是see sb doing。 35. as。表示“正当??时”。 36. it。句式搭配:it seems as if/as though…仿佛是??。 37. am doing。句意:看,我在做什么!

Of course, 38 this very moment everyone 39 in the hospital was screaming, too. It was the San Francisco earthquake. But don‘t tell 40 to Angela. She‘s convinced that she did it. And now only a few years later, she‘s back in school. On her own two legs. No walking sticks, no wheelchair.
38. at。搭配:at this very moment此刻。 39. else。用于复合不定代词或疑问词后,表示“其他 的”,用else。 40. that/it。替代前文说的地震这回事。

不要错过一生的爱 (完形)
该故事告诫我们,在寻找人生伴侣的时候,请不要总是比较,希 望将来会有更好的选择。如果这样做的话,你就会浪费一生的时 间,因为请记住:时间一去不复返。

Once upon a time a teacher and his student lay down under the big tree near the big 21 area. Then suddenly the student asked the teacher. 21. A. tree B. √ grass C. sports D. garden

21. B。下文三处出现grass。

―Teacher, I‘m 22, how do we find our soul mate?‖ 23 for a few seconds, the teacher then answered, ―Well, it‘s a pretty 24 and an easy question.‖ 22. A. confused B. surprised C. shocked D. pleased √ 23. A. StillB. Calm C. Silent √ D. Quite 24. A. old B. new C. simple D. √ hard 22. A。从后面的问句可知,该学生对寻找人生 伴侣“感到困惑”。 23. C。根据常识,回答问题前要“沉默”片刻, 进行思考。 24. D。与easy相对。由常识可排除A、B和C三 个选项,若仅是“简单”,该学生就不会问老师了。

The teacher 25, ―Look that way, there is a lot of grass. Please walk straight ahead; don‘t walk 26. On your way, try to find a blade of beautiful grass and pick it up and then give it to me. But just one.‖ 25. A. continued √ C. suggested 26. A. forward C. leftward B. concluded D. protested B. √ backwards D. rightward

25. A。老师上面讲了一句话了,然后“接着说”。 26. B。由前文的walk straight ahead及后文的you told me not to go back可知。

A few minutes later, the student came back without a blade of grass, and said, ―On my 27, I found quite a few beautiful blade of grass, but I thought that I would find a 28 one, so I didn‘t pick it. But I didn‘t realize that I was at the end of the field, and I hadn‘t picked any because you told me not to go back.‖ 27. A. travel B. voyage 28. A. tender B. stronger C. tour C. better √ D. journey √ D. taller

27. D。指从一个地方到另一个地方的过程,用 journey。 28. C。由全文倒数第二句中的there will be a better one可知。

In looking for your soul mate, please don‘t always 29 and hope that there will be a better one. By doing that, you‘ll 30 your lifetime, and remember ―Time Never Goes Back‖. 29. A. pick B. select 30. A. waste B. save √ C. compare √ C. spend D. choose D. spare

29. C。由better可知。 30. A。由“Time Never Goes Back‖可知,是劝我 们不要“浪费”人生。

老子与一棵参天大树 (语法) 老子与门徒来到森林边,林木被伐尽,只有一棵树 因“无用”而幸存下来,长成参天大树。 Lao Tzu was traveling with his followers. They came to a forest 31 hundreds of woodcutters were cutting the trees. 32 whole forest had been cut except for one big tree 33 thousands of branches. It was so big 34 10,000 persons could sit in its shade.
31 where。引导定语从句,where在句中作地点状语。 32 The。特指整个森林,用定冠词。 33 with。介词短语作后置定语,with意为“带有,具有”。 34 that。引导结果状语从句,so…that…,如此??以致??。

Lao Tzu told his followers 35 (go) and ask why this tree had not been cut. They went and asked the woodcutters and they said, ―This tree is absolutely 36 (use). You cannot make anything out of it because every branch has so many knots in it - nothing is straight. You cannot use it as fuel because the smoke is dangerous 37 the eyes. This tree is absolutely useless, and that‘s 38 we haven‘t cut it.‖ 35 to go。句型tell sb. to do.叫某人做某事。 36 useless。根据下文可知,此树无用才不被砍伐,所 以填形容词useless。 37 to。固定搭配be dangerous to对??有危险。 38 why。引导表语从句,意为“??的原因”。

The followers came back and told Lao Tzu. He laughed and said, ―Be like this tree. If you are useful you will be cut and you will become furniture in somebody‘s house. If you are beautiful you 39 (sell) in the market. Be like this tree, and you will grow big and vast and thousands of people will find shade under 40 .‖

39 will be sold。树将被卖掉,用一般将来时的 被动语态。 40 you。成千上万人将在你(树)的下面遮荫。

美国歌星布兰妮的成名路 (完形) At the Teen Choice awards in Los Angeles earlier this month, Britney Spears received the ceremony's greatest honor: the Lifetime Achievement Award. Spears is only 27 years old, pretty young to win an award celebrating her whole life. But today's teenage stars can rise to become superstars at a very 21 age, then 22 from the stage just as fast. By these standards, Spears 23 has spent a lifetime in the spotlight. 21. A. old B. special C. mature D. young √ 22. A. die B. quit C. disappear D. suffer √ 23. A. really B. exactly C. totally D. already √

21. D。由前面的only 27 和teenage stars 可以知道他们的成名很早。 22. C。由just as fast推知一般人成名早,走红时间并不长。 23. A。由上文可知布兰妮走红时长其实是终生的了。

Ten years ago, Spears was the world's hottest young star. She 24 fun pop songs, and her good-girl image made her an idol for young 25 all over the world. After a few years, her innocent image started to break. She went from a good girl to a party girl, dressing in 26 clothing and showing up at events drunk and wild. 24. A. danced B. composed C. sang D. played √ 25. A. women B. men C. people D. students √ 26. A. decent B. splendid C. expensive D. sexy √ 24. C。根据后面的songs搭配。 25. A。她成为了年轻女性的偶像。 26. D。由前面的party girl 推出她着装性感。

Spears married one of her back-up dancers and had two children, but that didn't stop her bad 27. Whenever Spears' picture showed up in news, it was 28 to report on a crazy thing she'd done. 27. A. action B. behavior C. taste √ D. habit

28. A. hardly B. seldom

C. usually √

D. never

27. B。她结婚生子以后也没有改掉坏习惯。 28.C。她的照片刊登在新闻上,通常是有轰动的事。

Spears has been able to pull herself back to her feet. She has 29 a new album, proving she's still a performer. In a world where teenage stars are "here today, gone tomorrow", Britney is still in the spotlight after ten years. That just might be the 30 of a lifetime.

29. A. put out √
30. A. experience C. experiment

B. put up

C. put down

D. put off

B. √ achievement

D. excitement

29. A。出版了新专辑。 30. B。与文章首句呼应。

切莫惧怕冒险和成长 (语法)
两颗种子的故事,告诉我们惧怕冒险和成长,最终要被生活吞没。

Two seeds lay side by side in the fertile spring soil. The first seed said, ―I want to grow! I want to send my roots deep into the soil 31 me, and thrust my sprouts (芽) 32 the earth‘s crust above me…. I want to open my tender buds(蓓蕾) like banners to announce the 33 (arrive) of spring… I want to feel the warmth of the sun on my face and the blessing of the morning dew(露水) on my petals(花瓣)!‖ And so she grew. 31. beneath。介词,表示“在??之下”与下文的 above相对。 32. through。介词,表示“穿过”。 33. arrival。在冠词后用名词。

The second seed said, ―I am afraid. If I send my roots into the ground below, I don‘t know what I 34 (come) across in the dark. If I push my way through the hard soil above me I may damage my delicate sprouts…. what if I let my buds open and a snail (蜗牛) tries 35 (eat) them? And 36 I were to open my blossoms, 37 small child may pull me from the ground. No, it is much 38 (good) for me to wait 39 it is safe.‖
34. will come。对未来的预测,句意为:我不知道在黑暗之中将 会遇到什么。 35. to eat。因try表示试图做某事,后接不定式。 36. if。引导虚拟条件句。 37. a。表示泛指的“某一个”小孩。 38. better。隐性比较级,即“等”比“长”好多得。句中much 也提示我们要用比较级,因为much常用来修饰比较级,表示 “??得多”。 39. until。表示“直到”,引导时间状语从句。

And so she waited. A yard hen scratching around in the early spring ground for food found the waiting seed and immediately ate 40 . Those of us who refuse to risk and grow get swallowed up by life.

40. it。替代前文中的the waiting seed。

珍惜现在所拥有的 (完形)
该故事告诉我们,不要因为渴望得到你没有的东西而毁掉你已经拥 有的东西,要记住:你现在所拥有的恰恰正是你一心渴望得到的。

A young man was getting ready to graduate from college. For many months he had admired a beautiful sports 21, and knowing his father could well 22 it, he told him that was all he wanted. 21. A. suit B. car C. shorts D. pants √ 22. A. obtain B. agree C. afford D. appreciate √ 21. B。由下文a car key可知。 22. C。表示完全“能够买得起”。

On the morning of his graduation, his father called him into his private study and told him how 23 he was to have such a fine son, and how much he loved him. He handed his son a beautiful wrapped gift box. He opened it and didn‘t find a car key except a Bible. 24, he stormed out of the house, leaving the Bible. 23. A. proud B. regretted √ unfortunate C. D. disappointed 24. A. Naturally B. Happily C. Luckily D. Angrily √ 23. A。由a fine son及与之并列的后一分句可知。 24. D。没见想要的车钥匙,令人失望;由常识可知会 “生气”。另外,由本句的stormed out of the house也可 知选D。

Many years passed, and he 25 his father was very old. Before he could make the 26 to see his farter, he received a telegram telling him his father had 27, and willed all of his possessions to his son. When he arrived at his father‘s house, he began to search through his father‘s important papers and saw the 28 he left years ago. 25. A. understood √ realized C. knew D. recognized B. 26. A. travels B. decisions C. differences D. arrangements √ 27. √ passed away A. B. turned away C. broke away D. moved away 28. A. paper B. key √ Bible C. D. car
25. B。表示“意识到”。 26. D。指还没来得及“作安排”就收到了电报。 27. A。由后面的will(遗嘱)可知,选表示“去世”的pass away。 28. C。由前面的leaving the Bible和本段最后一句可知。

With tears, he opened it. As he was 29, a car key dropped from the back of the Bible. Do not spoil what you have by 30 what you have not; but remember that what you now have was once among the things you only hoped for. 29. A. seeing B. reading C. thinking D. recalling √ 30. A. desiring B. hoping C. waiting D. searching √
29. B。由本句和上文可知,是指“翻阅,阅读”,故选 reading。 30. A。由故事内容,特别是第一段和最后的hoped for可 知。wish= hope for/long for(渴望得到)。

坚持你的方向和目标
本文告诉我们,要想成功,最可靠的方法就是坚持你的 方向和目标。 What would you do if you failed? Many people may

choose to give up. 31, the surest way to success is to keep
your direction and stick 32 your goal. 31. However。与前句是转折关系,空格前后都有标点,

用副词however。
32. to。搭配:stick to坚持。

On your way to success, you 33 keep your direction. It is just like a lamp, guiding you in darkness and 34 (help) you overcome obstacles on your way. 35, you will easily get lost or hesitate to go ahead.
33. must。由语境不难揣摸出作者的语气:在通往成功 的路上,你“必须”坚持你的方向。 34. helping。与guiding并列,一起补充说明a lamp,故

都用现在分词。
35. Otherwise。由本句与前句的逻辑关系可知,要填表 示“否则”的Otherwise,才通顺。

Direction means objectives. You can get nowhere 36 an objective in life. You can try to write your objective on paper and make some plans to achieve 37. Only in this way, 38 you know how to arrange your time and to spend your time 39 (proper). And you should also have a belief 40 you are sure to succeed as long as you keep your direction all the time.

36. without。句意:人生如果没有目标,你将一事无成。 37. it。替代your objective。 38. will /can。句意:只有这样,你才会懂得……。 39. properly。修饰动词spend,作状语用副词。 40. that。引导同位语从句,从句中不缺任何句子成分, 且意义完整,故填that。

幸福是享受拥有 (完形)
作者认为,幸福的定义是“享受的能力”,我们越能享受所拥 有的一切,我们就越幸福;幸福不是凭空许愿,而是享受拥有。

Happiness is ―the ability for enjoyment‖. The more we can 21what we have, the happier we are. It‘s easy to 22 the pleasure we get from loving and being loved, the company of friends, the freedom to live where we please, even good health. 21. √ enjoy B. collect A. C. treasure D. obtain 22. A. value B. overlook C. find D. enjoy √ 21. A。由前句中的enjoyment可知。 22. B。根据常识和后文的Too few of us register them as happiness可知。

I added up my little moments of 23 yesterday. First I felt as happy as a king when I shut the last lunchbox and had the house to myself. Then I spent an 24 morning writing, which I love. When the kids came home, I enjoyed their noise after the quiet of the day. 23. A. pleasure B. depression √ C. trouble D. annoyance 24. A. understandable B. unforgettable C. uninteresting D. √ uninterrupted 23. A。从后文as happy as a king(幸福无比)和enjoyed their noise可知,作者是总结一天“幸福的”时刻。 24. D。由后文的the quiet of the day可知。

When I asked friends what makes them happy, some mentioned seemingly 25 moments. ―I 26 shopping,‖ one friend said. ―But there‘s a clerk who always chats and really cheers me up.‖ Another friend loves the telephone. ―Every time it rings, I know someone is 27 me.‖ 25. A. important B. instructive C. insignificant D. meaningful √ 26. A. like B. go C. fancy D. √ hate 27. A. looking for B. √ thinking about C. searching for D. talking about

25. C。从后文所说的“一个爱聊天的售货员,让我感到很愉 快”“电话铃响”等事来看,似乎是“无关紧要的,微不足道的”。 26. D。由后文的But…cheer up可知。 27. B。由loves the telephone可知,这个朋友是说“每当电话铃响, 我就知道有人正想着我”。

We all experience 28 like these. Too few of us register them as happiness. Happiness isn‘t about what happens to us; it‘s about how we look at what happens to us. It‘s the way of finding a 29 for every negative, and viewing a set-back as a challenge. It‘s not wishing for what we don‘t have, but enjoying what we do 30. 28. A. moments B. events C. telephones D. shopping √ 29. A. romantic B. optimistic C. positive D. active √ 30. A. experience B. discover C. find D. possess √

28. A。由前文的mentioned seemingly insignificant moments可知, 本句大意为,我们都会经历过上面提到的这样的“时刻”。 29. C。由后面的negative可知,大意为化消极为积极。 30. D。由but可知,与what we don‘t have相对的是what we have, 与have意思相同的只有 possess,故选D。文中的do是加强谓语动 词的语气的。

用爱去回应爱的渴望 (语法)
对于那些在我们身边对我们弥足珍贵的人,用爱去回应他们 对爱的渴望,这最重要不过的了!

A father sat at his desk reading his monthly bills very carefully when his young son rushed in and announced, ―Dad, because this is your birthday and you‘re 55 years old, I‘m going to give you 55 kisses, 31_for each year!‖ When the boy started making good on his word, the father cried out, ―Oh, Andrew, don‘t do it now; I‘m too busy!‖ The youngster immediately fell silent as tears filled his big blue eyes. Apologically the father said, ―You can finish later.‖ 31. one。替代“a /one kiss‖。意为“一年一个吻”。

The boy said nothing but quietly walked away, disappointment 32 (write) over his face. That evening the father said, ―Come and finish the kisses now, Andrew!‖ 33 the boy didn‘t respond. Unfortunately, a few days later 34 this incident, the boy had an accident and was drowned. His heartbroken father wrote... ―If only I could tell him how much I regret my 35 (thought) words, and could be assured that he knows how much my heart 36 (ach).‖ 32. written。过去分词作定语。 33. But。与前句是转折关系。 34. after。指这件事之后的几天后,故填介词after。 35.thoughtless。后悔当初那“轻率的,没加思考的” 话。 36. is aching。这位父亲在写这些话时依然是非常伤心,

Love is 37 two-way street. Any loving act must be warmly accepted 38 it will be taken as rejection and can leave a scar. 39 is more important than responding with love to the cry for love from those 40 are near and precious to us. Because... there may be no chance at all as in the case of the little boy... 37. a。爱是“一条”双行道。 38. or。表示“否则”。 句意:对于爱的表示一定要热 情地接受,否则对方会以为你拒绝了,从而留下一道伤 痕。 39. Nothing。“没有一样事”比用爱去回应对爱的渴 望更为重要的。 40. who。引导定语从句并在从句中作主语,先行词 those表示人。

我的人生追求 (完形)
作者表达了自己人生的三大追求:对爱的渴望,对知识的探索 和对人类苦难的怜悯。同时也表达了作者对生活的热爱,“如果 再给我一次机会,我会很高兴地再活一次”。

Three passions, simple but very strong, have governed my life: the longing for love, the search for knowledge, and unbearable pity for the 21 of mankind. 21. A. development C. suffering √ B. progress D. existence

21. C。由pity for(对??怜悯)可知,应 当是人类的“苦难”。

I have sought love; first, because it brings so much joy that I would often have 22 all the rest of life for a few hours of this 23. I have sought it, next, because it 24 terrible loneliness. 22. A. spent B. wasted C. lived D. sacrificed √ 23. A. joy C. passion D. pity √ suffers B. love 24. A. B. removes C. endures D. tolerates √ 22. D。由因果关系可知,即因为爱可以带来无限欢乐, 所以我愿“牺牲”所有的余生去换取几个小时这样的欣 喜。 23. A。由前面的so much joy可知。 24. B。作者之所以“一直追求爱(have sought it)‖,是因 为爱可以“解除”孤独。

I have sought it, finally, because in the union of love I have seen the prefiguring vision of the heaven that poets have 25. Though it might seem too good for human life, this is what at last I have found. 25. A. thought B. written C. imagined √ D. designed

25. C。诗人“想象出”的天堂的前景。

I have sought knowledge. I have wished to understand the hearts of men. I have wished to know why the stars shine. A little of this, but not much, I have 26. Love and knowledge led upward toward the 27. But always pity brought me back to earth.
26. A. achieved B. lost C. pursued √ 27. A. skies B. stars C. universes D. learned D. heavens √

26. A。结合第二段末句和第四段首句来理解本句便 知,已多少“达到”了目的。 27. D。与the earth(尘世)相对,应是“天堂(the heavens)‖。

Children who are starving, victims tortured (摧残) by oppressors, helpless old people a hated 28 to their sons and the whole world of loneliness, 29, and pain make a mockery (笑柄) of what human life should be. I long to lessen the evil, but I can‘t. This has been my life. I have found it worth living, and would gladly live it again if the chance were 30 me. 28. A. enemy B. burden C. fortune D. friend √ 29. A. illness B. war C. √ poverty D. conflict 30. A. offered B. caught C. provided D. supplied √ 28. B。据常识和语境可知,无助的老人被儿女们 视为可憎的“负担”。 29. C。由前面的starving可知。 30. A。 “提供”机会。选项C和D虽有此意,但 句式搭配不同。

分担对方的痛苦与不幸
不管门德尔松的这一番解释是否真的源于与上帝的 对话,这种甘愿牺牲自己而去分担对方的痛苦与不幸的 精神着实让人感动。

One day, Moses Mendelssohn, who was short and had a humpback(驼背),visited a merchant in Hamburg who had a lovely daughter named Frumtje. Moses fell hopelessly in love with her. But Frumtje was disgusted by his misshapen appearance.

31 it was time for him to leave, Moses gathered his courage and climbed the stairs to her room to take one last opportunity to speak with her. She was a vision of heavenly beauty, but caused 32 deep sadness by her refusal to look at him. 33 several attempts at conversation, Moses shyly asked, ―Do you believe 34 (marry) are made in heaven?‖
31. When。表示“当??时”,用连词when。 32. him。因cause后接双宾语,缺表示人的间接宾语;又由句意 可知,填him。句意:他感到非常难过的是, 她连看也不看他一眼。 33. After。指在经过几次尝试性开口后,摩西怯生生地问。故填 介词after。 34. marriages。在宾语从句中作主语用名词,表示“婚姻”;由 are可知,用复数,故填marriages。句意:你相信婚姻是上天注定 的吗?

―Yes,‖ she answered, still 35 (look) at the floor. ―And do you?‖ ―Yes I do,‖ he replied. ―You see, in heaven at the birth of each boy, the Lord announces 36 girl he will marry. When I was born, my future bride 37 (point) out to me. Then the Lord added, ?But your wife 38 (be) humpbacked.‘‖ 35. looking。因she与looking是主动关系,用现在分词 作伴随状语。 36. which。引导宾语从句并在从句中作定语,表示 “哪一个”。 37. was pointed。因my future bride与point out是被动 关系,要用被动语态。 38. will be。对出生那时来说,当然是将来。

―Right then and there I called out, ?Oh Lord, a humpbacked woman would be a tragedy. Please, Lord, give me the hump and let 39 be beautiful.‘‖ Then Frumtje looked up 40 his eyes and was stirred by some deep memory. She reached out and gave Mendelssohn her hand and later became his devoted wife. 39. her。替代my future bride。

40. into。搭配:looked up into his eyes抬头注视着他 的眼睛。

热情成就事业 (完形)
本文论述热情对事业成功非常重要。

Years ago, when I started looking for my first job, wise advisers urged, ―Barbara, be enthusiastic! Enthusiasm will take you further than any amount of experience.‖ How right they were. Enthusiastic people can turn a boring drive into an adventure, extra work into opportunity and 21 into friends. 21. A. classmates C. √ strangers B. villagers D. workmates

21. C。由上文可知,把“陌生人”变成朋友才 更能体现热情的力量。

―Nothing great was ever achieved without 22,‖ wrote Ralph Waldo Emerson. It is the paste (粘合剂) that helps you hang in there when the going gets 23. It is the inner voice that 24, ―I can do it!‖ when others shout, ―No, you can‘t.‖ 22. A. enthusiasm B. patience √ C. persistence D. determination 23. A. stiff B. √ tough C. possible D. favorable 24. A. whispers B. shouts C. thinks D. says √
22. A。全文都是说热情的重要性,所以没有“热 情”就没有任何伟大的成就。 23. B。句意是,“当事情进展不顺时,热情是帮 助你坚持下去的粘合剂”。tough意为“艰苦的, 棘手的(difficult to do or deal with)‖。 24. A。由“内心发出的声音(the inner voice)‖可排 除其他选项。

It took years and years for the early ___25___ of Barbara McClintock, a geneticist who won the 1983 Nobel Prize in medicine, to be generally ___26___. Yet she didn‘t stop her experiments. Work was such a deep pleasure for her that she never thought of ___27___. 25. A. struggle B. exploration C. study D. work √ 26. A. praised B. blamed C. √ accepted D. believed 27. A. sleeping B. leaving C. resting √ stopping D.

25. D。由本段末句“Work was such a deep pleasure…‖可知。 26. C。指巴巴拉工作多年后才“被公众承认”。本句是长句也是 复杂句,主句是it takes time to do sth句型,其中to be generally accepted是真正的主语;a geneticist who won… medicine是 Barbara McClintock的同位语。 27. D。因工作对他来说是一件如此快乐的事,所以他从未想到 “停止”工作。

We are all born with wide-eyed, enthusiastic wonder. It is this childlike 28 that gives enthusiastic people such a 29 air, whatever their age. At 90, Casals would start his day by playing Bach. Music, for Casals, was an elixir (灵丹妙 药) that made life a never ending adventure. As author and poet Samuel Ullman once wrote, ―Years wrinkle the skin, but to give up enthusiasm wrinkles the _30.‖ 28. A. wonder B. quality C. faith D. innocence √ 29. A. joyful √ youthful B. C. fresh D. tense 30. A. flesh B. heart C. bone D. √ soul
28. A。由前句可知,这里指孩子般的“好奇心(wonder)‖。 29. B。由前文的childlike和后面的例子可知,此处指“青春的气息 (youthful air)‖。 30. D。与the skin相对选the soul较好。句意为:“岁月会使皮肤起 皱纹,但失去热情就会使灵魂起皱纹。”

狗和影子 (语法)
It happened that a Dog had got a piece of meat and was carrying 31 home in his mouth to eat it in peace. Now, 32 his way home he had to cross a plank lying 33 a running brook. 34 he crossed, he looked 35 and saw his own shadow 36 (reflect) in the water beneath.

31. it。指代the piece of meat。 32. on。表示“在某人回家的路上”是on one‘s way home。 33. across。表示“横过”河流或道路等细长的东西或操 场等一个平面的东西,用介词across。 34. As /When。表示“当……时” 35. down。因“向下看”才能看到水中的影子。 36. reflected。因shadow与reflect是被动关系,故用过去 分词作定语。

Thinking it was_37_dog with another piece of meat, he made up his mind to have that also. So he made a snap at _38_ shadow in the water, _39_ he opened his mouth the piece of meat fell out, _40_ (drop) into the water and was never seen more. Beware lest you lose the substance by grasping at the shadow. 37. another。指它以为是“另一只狗”。 38. the。特指水中的“那个”影子。 39. but。前后是转折关系。 40. dropped。与open, was seen是并列关系,三个先后发 生的动作应当用同一时态,故drop也用一般过去时,故 填dropped。
这则狗和影子的故事,告诫我们:“切莫因追逐幻影而丢失已 有的东西。”

生命只有一次 (完形) Dream what you want to dream; go where you want to go; be what you want to be, because you have only one life and one chance to do all the things you want to do. May you have enough happiness to make you 21, enough trials to make you strong, enough sorrow to keep you human, enough 22 to make you happy. 21. A. sweet B. fragrant C. bitter √ 22. A. money B. wealth C. health D. hot D. hope √

21. A。幸福(happiness)与甜蜜(sweet)搭配。 22. D。能与enough和happy相搭配的应是hope(希望), 如果A正确,B也正确,故都排除。

Always put yourself in others‘ 23. If you feel that it hurts you, it probably 24 the other person, too.
23. A. hats 24. A. kills B. trousers C. shoes √ B. √ hurts C. damages D. gloves D. wounds

23. C。习语:put yourself in others‘ shoes换位思考,设 身处地地为别人着想。 24. B。由前面的条件句中的hurt可知。

Love begins with a smile, 25 with a kiss and ends with a tear. The brightest future will always be based on a forgotten past, you can‘t go on well in life until you let go of your past 26 and heartaches. 25. A. meets B. waves 26. A. failures B. honors √ C. changes C. memories D. √ grows D. toothaches

25. D。有前面的begins和后面的ends的提示,结合 事物都会有“发生、发展、结束”的规律,故填 grows (=develops)。 26. A。由与之并列的heartaches(伤心)可知应填 failures(失败)。

When you were born, you were crying and everyone around you was ___27___. Live your life so that when you ___28___, you‘re the one who is smiling and everyone around you is crying.
27. A. laughing 28. A. grow B. talking C. smiling D. discussing √ B. die √ C. study D. work

27. C。由下句中的is smiling可知。
28. B。与前句的were born相对。

Please send this message to those people who 29 something to you, to those who have touched your life in one way or another, to those who make you smile when you really need it, to those that make you see the 30 side of things when you are really down, to those who you want to let them know that you appreciate their friendship. 29. A. tell B. do C. say D. mean √ 30. A. farther B. further √ brighter C. D. darker 29. D。搭配:mean something to sb对某人很重要。 30. C。与down相对,应为“光明的一面”。句意: 那些在逆境中依然能使你看到光明的人。

虽被解雇,却依依不舍 (语法) It was a bright spring afternoon when Freda told Tim she wouldn‘t need him any more. Tim had just finished his four-hour work-moving up and down the stairs of her three-storey home, 31 (clean) the floor and washing the dishes. She was wearing jeans and a sweater. Her husband‘s pay was going 32 (reduce) by thirty percent. And they were trying to live as if it‘d already happened. Tim felt sorry for her, but he also felt a sense of 33 ( lose).

31. cleaning。与moving…和and washing…为并列的分 词短语,作状语,故填cleaning。 32. to be reduced。在表将来的be going后要用动词不定 式,pay ―将被减少”,故要用不定式的被动式。 33. loss。介词of 后加名词,同时a sense of loss的意思 是“失落感” 。

Tim had been cleaning Freda‘s house for five years and had developed an 34 (expect) relationship with the family. It was not just that Tim had become 35 expert at scraping(刮掉) dirt stuck to their wooden floor, 36 that he had learned 37 (exact) how to place toys on the girls‘ beds. It was more than that, 38 he felt he‘d become a part of their life.
34. unexpected。此空前有an冠词,后有名词relationship, 断定此 空应用形容词,而这种与Freda一家的关系是Tim没有料想到的, 故用unexpected。 35. an。表示“一个”专家。expert 以发元音开头,故用an。 36. or。or在此处表选择,并列了that Tim had become… 和 that he had learned….。 37. exactly。用副词来修饰动词不定式。 38. for。表示原因对前句起补充说明的作用。

Now he was fired, but the strange thing was 39 he still wanted to keep scraping away the dirt and dust for the family. He left Freda‘s house that day, wondering about the nature of his relationship with his clients (主顾). ―Who am I to 40? Actually, I‘m only an employee. But I‘m also a trusted member of the family.‖ Tim believed. 39. that。that 引导一个完整句子放在was后面作表语从 句。 40. them。这里用them指代Freda一家人。

命运掌握在你手里 (完形)
宇宙中,你是举世无双的!你是了不起的,是卓越的,你还可 以更卓越更了不起。你就是手握今日之刷描绘自己未来的艺术家。 画出一幅杰作吧!

Consider...YOU. In all time before now and in all time to come, there has never been and will never be anyone just like you. You are ___21___ in the entire history and future of the universe. 21. A. extraordinary C. particular B. especial D. √ unique

21. D。由前句可知,你是“独一无二”的。

You‘re amazing! You‘re awesome! As amazing and 22 as you already are, you can be 23 more so.

22. A. awesome √ C. wonderful 23. A. yet B. very

B. handsome D. troublesome C. √ even D. quite

22. A。由前两句可知,此处的awesome是俚语,意为 “了不起的 (excellent or outstanding)‖。 23. C。句意为:“你已经很了不起了,你甚至还会更 了不起。”修饰比较级,表示“甚至更”,用even。

Beautiful young people are the whimsy (奇想) of nature, but beautiful 24 people are true works of art. But you don‘t become ―beautiful‖ just because of the 25 process. 24. A. excellent √ old B. C. female D. rich

25. A. developing C. advancing

B. growing D. aging √

24. B。由前面的Beautiful young people及but可知。

25. D。根据前句和下段可知,“美丽的老人是艺术的杰 作,但你不会因为年龄的渐长就自然而然地变得‘美 丽’”。

Real beauty comes from ___26___, growing, and loving in the ways of life. That is the Art of Life. You can learn slowly, and sometimes ___27___.
26. A. learning √ C. travelling 27. A. quickly C. regretfully B. working D. entertaining B. painfully √ D. successfully

26. A。由下文You can learn可知。 27. B。根据常识,加上与slowly并列,选“痛 苦的(painfully)‖更好。

Or you can choose to 28 your growth and intentionally devour(吞食) life and all it offers. You are the 29 that paints your future with the brush of today. Paint a Masterpiece. God gives every bird its food, but he doesn‘t throw it into 30 . Wherever you want to go, whatever you want to do, it‘s truly up to you. 28. A. celebrate B. appreciate √ accelerate D. congratulate C. 29. A. artist B. musician C. teacher D. writer √ 30. A. wing B. tree C. house D. nest √ 28. C。指“加速自己的成长”。 29. A。由下文的paints可知,是“艺术家”。 30. D。指鸟“巢,窝”。

明信片助她度过过渡期 (语法) 本文讲叙Sally初入大学那一段时间度日如年,整天 想家,然而不明来历的明信片却帮助Sally很好地度过了 难熬的过渡期。 The year Sally went to college was a very difficult transition(过渡期) for her, as is probably true with many people. She got quite a lot of homework and often thought about 31 (go) home. 31. going。在介词后的动词应用动词的ing形式作宾语。

Although the 32 (happy) time for many students is getting letters from home, her mailbox was frequently empty. One day when she went to the mailbox, there was a postcard staring out at her. She sat down to read it, expecting a note 33 someone back home. But she became increasingly puzzled as no postcards were like this: It was a full news report about a woman 34 (name) Mabel and her newborn baby. She took the card back to her room and forgot about 35.
32. happiest。此空前有冠词the,后有名词time, 断定此空应用形 容词,但从句意来看,“收到来自家人的信对于很多学生来说是 最幸福的时刻了。”故用happy的最高级。 33. from。表示“期待来自某人的?东西”是expect sth. from sb.。 34. named。一个被叫作Mabel的女人,故此用named Mabel 作a woman的后置定语。 35. it。这里用it指代前面出现的the card。

Several days later she received 36 postcard, this one delivering news about Mabelline, Mabel‘s cousin. Soon after, another card arrived and then another, each full of news of different people. She began to 37 (real) look forward to the next one, 38 (interest) to see 39 this author would come up with next. She was never disappointed. 36. another。不定数目中的“再一,又一”用 “another‖。 37. really。修饰动词look用副词,因此要填really。 38. interested。She盼望着下一张postcard的到来,同 时对寄卡人会在卡上写些什么东西也很感兴趣。 interested to see….充当状语。 39. what。see后接了宾语从句,而宾语从句缺了一个 充当宾语的连接词,因此该用what引导此宾语从句。

Finally, the cards stopped coming, right about the time she had begun to feel the college life easy. They had been 40 a happy distraction(调剂) that she has saved all the postcards. 40. such。such….that为固定搭配,表“如此??以 致??”。

快速阅读技巧 (完形)

本文主要是介绍做阅读解题的方法与步骤:略读(掌握大 意)——读题(心中有数)——带着问题有目的地阅读(仔细、 不中断)——复读浏览核对答案。 Preview involves skimming over a reading passage to get a general idea of its content and to help focus the reader‘s mind on the topic. It is a very valuable tool in faster reading.

To preview, look at the ___21___ and subtitles(副标 题), then read quickly over the first and last paragraphs and skim through the ___22___ of the passage to get an idea of what the passage will be about. 21. A. sentence B. paragraph 22. A. structures B. beginning C. √ title D. passage C. end √ rest D.

21. C。由与之并列的subtitles可知。 22. D。指除the first and last paragraphs外的 “其余部分”。

Read the comprehension questions after the _23_ to help focus the mind on _24_ ideas to look for. Then read the passage, looking for answers to the questions. 23. A. review 24. A. main B. preview √ B. special C. reading C. specific √ D. question D. general

23. B。指在上两段谈到的“预览”或“略读”。 24. C。将阅读理解题看一遍,其目的是将思想集中在要 寻找的“具体的”内容上。

Read through the passage carefully, but not too _25_. Keep in mind the questions so that you will be able to _26_ on the reading material. In reading, try to keep a steady pace and _27_ going back over words or phrases.

25. A. slowly √ 26. A. move 27. A. finish

B. seriously C. quickly D. cautiously B. depend C. base D. concentrate √ B. √ avoid C. postpone D. resist

25. A。意思是认真但不要太慢。 26. D。表示将注意力“集中在”阅读材料上。 27. B。要keep a steady pace(保持稳定的速度) 须“避免”回读。

After reading, skim over the passage again to remember main ideas and sub points. Think of the answers to the questions or form an outline of the passage in your mind as you __28__.
28. A. review √ B. think C. solve D. answer

28. A。读了之后(after reading)的再次略读(skim),应称 之为复读或回顾(review)。

It is best to check the meanings of words in the passage, either before or after the reading, not during, as this will _29_ your reading pace. Try to guess what the words mean from the context (surrounding words) and only _30 the dictionary as a last resort. 29. A. speed up C. keep up 30. A. examine B. refer B. slow down √ D. influence on C. check D. need √

29. B。由常识可知,在阅读期间查单词的意思就会“降 低”阅读速度。 30. C。只有在万不得已(as a last resort)的情况下才“查” 字典。表达“查字典”是refer to / check /consult the dictionary。

他几月走的

(语法)

杰克给人鞠躬,飞快地一点头,就算完了。有好心的 人教他鞠躬时要在心里从1月数到12月,然后再直起身 来。第二天,杰克见到他的叔叔,他便如法炮制。这躬 鞠得太久,叔叔吃惊,赶紧逃开了。杰克抬头一看,其 叔早已不知去向,他便问过路人:“我叔叔几月走的?”

When Jack bowed to someone, he always did it _31_ lightening speed. You shouldn‘t wait any longer_32_he has had his head nod. So he _33 (blame) for no manners. Then some warmhearted men taught _34_, ―When you bow to somebody next time, you can count ―January, February, March…_35_ December. Then you can lift your body up. Thus, the ceremony will be perfect. 31. at。表示“以”某种速度,用介词at。 32. after。因为“他飞快地一点头,就算完了”,所 以“在他鞠躬之后”,你就不要再等,马上可以走了。 33. was blamed。因与是被动关系,即“他受到责 备”。句意:“大家都怪他不懂礼貌。” 34. him。指“有好心人教他”。 35. until。意为“一直数到十二月为止”,表示“直 到”用介词until。

The next day, he met his uncle, and he did _36 the men told him. The bow was 37 long that it made his uncle 38 (feel) surprised and escaped away soon. When Jack looked up, he found his uncle _39_ (go). So he asked the 40_(pass), ―Which month did he go away?‖ 36. as。引导方式状语从句,“按照那些好心人教他的 那样去做”。 37. so。与后面的that构成so…that…句型。 38. feel。在make后作宾补的不定式不带to。 39. gone。作宾补,表示“不见了”,用形容词gone。 40. passer。指“过路人”。

游泳名将菲尔蒲斯 (完形) Michael Phelps was born on June 30, 1985 to Fred and Debbie Phelps. Fred was a good athlete, and 21 his ability on to his kids. Michael learned a lot from his sisters, 22 the value of hard work, and his frame is perfect for a swimmer. 21. A. gave B. taught C. allocated √ passed D. 22. A. fortunately B. √ particularly C. immediately D. personally
21. D。父辈的一些关于运动员的能力是“传承”下来的, 不能是直接 “给”,也不能“教”出来的,更不能是 “分 配” 给某一个人。D选项可以和后面构成“pas…on to‖搭配。 22. B。Michael 向他的姐姐学到了很多,“特别是”个人 努力的价值这一方面。particularly 是指“在各个方面中,更 突出强调某一方面或某一点”。

Michael understands how to use his 23 to its full advantage. His hands and feet are like paddles in the water, and he has an incredibly 24 kick. 23. A. body B. name C. face D. energy √ 24. A. powerful B. wonderful C. skillful D. peaceful √ 23. A。前面提到了他的身体框架适合于游泳,所以这里 说他要充分利用“身体”这一优势。 24. A。前文说他身体素质好,手和脚都像桨,说明游泳 时的kick 的力量是“强大”的,后文说他腿的力量起到 作用,这也是他能成为一名优秀运动员的原因之一。

Michael‘s 25 is excellent, except that no one works harder at it—two to five hours a day in the pool. He does minimal weightlifting; at this point, flexibility and a 26 for the water are more important to him.
25. A. spirit B. statement C. technique √ 26. A. will B. feel C. change √ D. standard D. try

25. C。因为下面的句子说到“除了??之外”,说明 这里主句部分不是在说他的“精神”。整段不是在说他 的“论断”,而是在 “技术”层面上分析他成名的原 因。Standard意思是“标准” 和表语搭配不恰当。 26. B。对于一个游泳运动员来说,对于水的“感觉,掌 握”是很重要的,这也是常识。这里feel的词性是名词。

The leg strength Michael added during his 2007 wristinjury recovery was evident in Beijing on his powerful turns. In the races, he made up an 27 amount of time pushing off the wall. That extra power in his kick also 28 him the hundredth of a 29 edge he needed to come from behind in the 100-meter butterfly. 27. A. unbelievable B. normal C. approximate D. √ extraordinary 28. A. brought B. afforded C. challenged D. consumed √ 29. A. year B. day C. minute D. √ second

27. D。unbelievable 多用于修饰一些事件。根据上下文的语气可以 看出他花费了“不寻常”数量的时间——更的时间,才能赢得比赛。 28. A。在比赛中,强有力的kick 给他“赢得,带来”了一点点时间。 29. D。这强有力的kick给菲尔蒲斯赢得了一点点时间。这里second 的意思是“秒”,更能表现出比赛中运动员之间的所用时间的微小 差距。

His ability to relax is unique in his sport. He never seems nervous before a race, yet his intensity (强度 ) on the starting block is 30 . 30. A. unbalanced C. unmatched √ B. unmentioned D. unchanged

30. C。本文一直都是在围绕“他的各个方面与 众不同,才能成名”这一主线。他在游泳比赛 中能够胜出他人,其中一个原因是: 他虽然比赛 前似乎不紧张,但是他在“starting block‖的那 种紧张程度是 “无人可比的”。

说明人的大脑有预测功能

(语法)

One of the most remarkable things about the human mind is our ability to imagine the future. In our minds we can see 31 has not yet happened. For example, while we are looking forward to 32 (visit) a new place or country, we imagine what it will be 33. We predict the way people will eat, dress and act. Of course, we do not always predict things 34 (correct). Things are often very different from the way we expected 35 to be.
31. what。引导宾语从句并在从句中作主语。 32. visiting。作介词to的宾语,用动名词。 33. like。搭配:what…be like 是??怎么样的。like是介词,意 为“像”。 34. correctly。修饰谓语动词predict,作状语,用副词。 35. them。替代前面的things。

One of the famous dreams in history is the dream of the German scientist, Kekule, 36 had been trying to work out 37 very difficult problem in physics. He 38 (study) and analysed the problem 39 every angle for days, but 40 seemed to be no way of finding out the answer. Then one night he went to bed and dreamed. When he woke up, he realized that he knew the answer. He had solved the problem in his dream.

36. who。引导定语从句并在从句中作主语,先行词是人。 37. a。指“一个”物理难题。 38. had studied。指在梦中得到解决之前,他从各个角 度分析和研究了好几天。即过去的过去,用过去完成时。 39. from。表示“从”每个角度。 40. there。句式:there seems to be 似乎有。

介绍监控小孩上网软件 (完形) Can you imagine a web tool gathering data on kid chats and sending information back to company for marketing purposes? All 21 , parents who install a leading brand of software to 22 their kids' online activities may be allowing the 23 to gather marketing data from children as young as 7 — and to sell that information.
21. A. consciously B. mindfully C. unknowingly D. unwillingly 22. A. warn B. monitor C. protect D. manage 23. A. competitor B. kid C. firm D. developer







21.C。装有该软件的父母在“不知不觉”中让开发商收集孩子的数据 22.B。使用该软件,父母可以”监控”孩子的网上的一切活动。 23.D。该软件的“开发商”使用该软件收集有关小孩的数据, 送回公司,再把这些信息卖掉来赚取商业利益。该文最后一段 也提到了“The software brands are developed by EchoMetrix Inc.‖。

Software sold under the Sentry and Family Safe brands can read 24 chats conducted through Yahoo, MSN, AOL and other services, and send that data back to the company. The information is then offered to businesses seeking ways to 25 their marketing messages to kids. 24. A. private B. public C. impersonal D. subjective √ 25. A. adjust √ tailor C. appeal B. D. attract 24.A。上网聊天属于“私人”谈话。 25.B。tailor作动词使用时,意思是"to make or adapt sth. for a particular purpose, a particular person,专门制作,订做”。软件收集到的信息卖给 了广告商,广告商想尽各种办法,专门制作了一些 能从青少年身上赚取利润的市场信息。

The software does not 26 children's names, addresses or other identifiable information, but it knows how old they are because parents customize the programs to be more or less 27 , depending on age. Five other 28 of parental-control software contacted by The Associated Press, including McAfee Inc. and Symantec Corp., said they do not sell chat data to advertisers. 26. A. recognize B. record C. ignore D. monitor √ 27. A. constructive B. persuasive C. private D. permissive √ 28. A. advertisers B. competitors C. makers D. purchasers √
26.B。该软件只是“记录”有商业价值的信息,并不“记录”孩 子的名字、住址或其他有关身份的信息。 27.D。家长在订制该软件时就有点或多或少地“纵容”了开发商 的(盗取并倒卖信息)行为。 28.C。文中提到了几个制造该软件的“制造商”。

One competitor, CyberPatrol LLC, said it would never consider such an arrangement. "That's pretty much confidential information," said Barbara Rose, the company's vice president of marketing. "As a parent, I would have a problem with them 29 youngsters." The software brands in 30 are developed by EchoMetrix Inc, a company based in Syosset, N.Y. 29. A. targeting B. controlling √ C. marketing D. monitoring 30. A. advance B. confusion C. question D. detail √
29.A。target的意思是“以??为目标”,该部分谈论的是以青少 年为目标来谋取利润的行为。 30.C。in question的意思是“所谈论的”,该句话的意思是所谈论 的软件是由一家叫EchoMetrix Inc.的公司开发的。

居安思危 (语法)
During the Warring States Period, the Zheng State invaded (侵略) the weak Song State (宋国) in order to expand its power. The strong Chu and Jin then united _31 states to fight Zheng. Zheng was frightened by this and sent envoys(使者) to Chu for peace, 32 Chu paid no attention to this. Zheng sent envoys again, 33_time to Jin 34__the same purpose. 31. other。指强大的楚国和晋国欲联合“其他(的)‖各 国反对郑国。 32. but。前后是转折关系,句意:郑国派使臣去楚国 求和,但楚王理都不理。 33. this。表示“这次”是this time。 34. for。表示目的“为了”,用介词for。

They brought many gifts to Duke Dao of Jin, who agreed 35 (make) peace with Zheng and happily presented 36 gifts to the ministers. Wei Jiang, a general 37_ had supplied outstanding service, said 38_ (frank), ―We should be careful of danger in times of peace. Keeping this in mind, we 39_ (be) able to live 40_peace.‖ 35. to make。表示“同意做某事”是agree to do sth。 36. the。特指上文提到的many gifts。 37. who。引导定语从句并在从句中作主语,先行词是 人,故填who。 38. frankly。修饰谓语动词said,作状语,用副词。 39. will be。直接引语,表示将来。 40. in。搭配:in peace安宁地,和平地。


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