必修 3 Unit 基础操练

1 Festivals around the world

Ⅰ. 单词拼写 1. They thought if they held some festivals, their a would be satisfied with what they have done. 2. The little boy d after falling into the river. 3. The proud man said he would rather s than beg for food. 4. He is a famous p and his poems are popular with the youth. 5. Indeed, there are many o advantages to a five ? day week. 6. She entered the lab without (许可). 7. Hans was a very (虔诚的) man. He behaved in a Christian way to all people including his enemies. 8. Do you know when India gained its (独立) from Britain? 9. I (道歉) to her for stepping on her foot. 10. He got a lot of (奖状) for his excellent study. Ⅱ. 用方框内所给短语的适当形式填空 lead to/set off/decorate ...with/look forward to/play a trick on 1. This misunderstanding a war between the two countries. 2. Don’t me; I’m not a fool. 3. He ended the letter with “ seeing you soon”. 4. What time are you planning to tomorrow? 5. Father bought a Christmas tree coloured lights a week ago. Ⅲ. 同义句转换 1. Do you know how the accident happened? Do you know how the accident ? 2. On this important feast day, people might eat food in the shape of skulls and cakes with “bones” on them. On this important feast day, people might eat food in the shape of skulls and cakes “bones” on them. 3. In India there is a national festival on October 2 to honour Mohandas Gandhi. In India there is a national festival on October 2 Mohandas Gandhi. 4. Obviously, the manager of the coffee shop was waiting for Li Fang to leave. It that the manager of the coffee shop was waiting for Li Fang to leave. 5. He had expected to meet her all day. He had meeting her all day.

Ⅳ. 单项填空 从 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

1. —When does the ceremony ? All the lovely boys and girls in our school are waiting for it. —Sorry, I have no idea, but in my opinion, 8 a.m. A. happen B. chance C. take place D. took place 2. Upon graduation from middle school, how well will you the job that lies ahead? A. prepare B. prepare for C. be prepared for D. be preparing 3. His determination and devotion to science the great discovery. A. lied in B. are led to C. led to D. as a result 4. After a long discussion, the experts finally up with suggestions for solving the air pollution. A. gave B. set C. came D. caught 5. With a lot of homework ,I decided not to play with you. A. to do B. doing C. done D. being done 6. My mother couldn’t go to school, being poor, the family couldn’t pay for her education. A. as a result B. since C. as D. for 7. Although I admire you your work on soil, I think you should apologize the villagers for the water pollution. A. for; to B. to; for C. for; for D. to; to 8. —Excuse me, where is the bus station? —Sorry, I am a newcomer. — A. What a shame. B. Thanks anyway. C. It doesn ? t matter. D. Why not buy one? 9. In the school, some fans even don’t know the of jazz. A. originB. original C. discoveryD. resource 10. The boss usually go to work by bike it rains. A. except when B. except for C. except D. if Ⅴ. 完形填空 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 My first job was in what they call the city center. The 1 was large, dark and old, 2 the physics lecture room was on the second floor. 3 , it wasn’t a lecture room at all, it was an ordinary room, but it had “LECTURE ROOM” on the 4 . The students were sixteen or seventeen years old, 5 several years younger than me. 6 , some of them looked and acted 7 older than me sometimes.

The room was directly 8 the street, and had the window looking out over the street and many houses. One day, I was 9 some work on the blackboard when I heard a sudden change in the noise behind me. There was a man standing in the room with 10 an apple in his hand. He looked 11 . “Who threw this?” he asked, looking round the class. “I beg your pardon?” I said. Was this the school inspector(督学)? “ 12 threw this apple out of the window,” he said. “It 13 on my car.” “Who threw an apple out of the window?” I 14 to the class. There was no answer. “I 15 the fellow who threw this.” said the man. “I 16 wait outside for you.” And then he left, slamming the door. 17 was silence and I continued with the lesson. At the end of every lesson, a bell rang, usually the class were all 18 before it finished ringing, leaving me saying “That’s all for today” to an empty 19 . This time, when the bell went for the end of the lesson, no one 20 .“That’s all for today,” I said. “You go first, sir.” said one of the boys. It made a nice change, being first out. 1.A.room B. building C. floor D. city 2.A.and B. as C. so D. but 3.A.Happily B. Luckily C. Properly D. Actually 4.A.floor B. ground C. door D. window 5.A.over B. only C. up D. almost 6.A.In fact B. In the end C. After all D. As a result 7.A.more B. less C. very D. even 8.A.on B. above C. below D. in 9.A.getting B. making C. taking D. putting 10.A.hardly B. almost C. half D. such 11.A.angry B. kind C. sorry D. happy 12.A.Anyone B. One C. Who D. Someone 13.A.hit B. fell C. landed D. arrived 14.A.asked B. said C. talked D. told 15.A.hate B. find C. get D. want 16.A.will B. must C. should D. can 17.A.It B. There C. This D. That 18.A.walked B. left C. gone D. ended 19.A.lesson B. class C. room D. lecture 20.A.heard B. finished C. spoke D. moved Ⅵ. 阅读表达 阅读下面短文,并根据短文后的要求答题(请注意问题后的字数要求) 。 Have you ever been at a meeting while someone was making a speech and realized suddenly that your mind was a million miles away? You probably felt sorry and made up your mind to pay attention and always have been told that daydreaming is a waste

of time. “On the contrary,” says L. Giambra, an expert in psychology, “ . Without it, the mind couldn’t get done all the thinking it has to do during a normal day. You can’t possibly do all your thinking with a conscious mind. Instead, your unconscious mind is working out problems all the time. Daydreaming then may be one way that the unconscious and conscious states of mind have silent dialogues.” Early experts in psychology paid no attention to the importance of daydreams or even considered them harmful. At one time daydreaming was thought to be a cause of some mental illnesses. They did not have a better understanding of daydreams until the late 1980s. Daydreams are usually very simple and direct, quite unlike sleep dreams, which may be hard to understand. It’s easier to gain a deep understanding of your life by paying close attention to your daydreams than by trying to examine your sleep dreams carefully. Daydreams help you recognize the difficult situations in your life and find out a possible way of dealing with them. Daydreams cannot be predicated. They move off in unexpected directions which may be creative and full of ideas. For many famous artists and scientists, daydreams were and are a main source of creative energy. 1.What does the writer mainly tell us in this passage? (within 10 words)

2.Please fill in the blank in the second paragraph of the passage. (within 10 words) 3. What’s the major difference between a nightdream and a daydream? (within 20 words)

4. Can you list any disadvantage of daydreaming? (within 10 words) 5. Translate the underlined sentence into Chinese.

答案 基础操练
Ⅰ. 单词拼写 1. ancestors 3. starve 5. obvious 7. religious 9. apologized 2. drowned 4. poet 6. permission 8. independence 10. awards

Ⅱ. 用方框内所给短语的适当形式填空 1. led to 2. play a trick on 3. Looking/Look forward to 4. set off 5. decorated with Ⅲ. 同义句转换 1. took place 2. which/that have 3. in honour/memory of 4. was obvious/clear 5. looked forward to

Ⅳ.单项填空 1. 解析:选 C。句中所提到的 ceremony 一定是按照计划作出了安排的,故应使用 C 项 take place。 2. 解析: 选 C。 前面的 how well 已经暗示空白处应当选择表示状态的短语, 故选 be prepared for。 3. 解析:选 C。考查短语辨析。lie in 在于,前面为结果;as a result 用作插入语,不能 作谓语; lead to 意为“导致,引起” ,符合句意,但是要用主动语态。 4. 解析:选 C。come up with suggestions 意为“提出建议” 。 5. 解析:选 A。由后面的句意“有好多作业要做”可知,此处用不定式表示将来要做某事, 强调有问题要解决。 6. 解析:选 D。for 引导状语从句,放在主语之后,补充说明理由。 7. 解析:选 A。考查固定短语。admire sb. for sth.因某事羡慕某人;apologize to sb. for sth.因某事向某人道歉。 8. 解析:选 B。Thanks anyway.意为“无论如何,都要谢谢你” ,常用于对对方没有帮上忙 的答谢语。 9. 解析:选 A。origin 意为“起源,开始”;original 意为“原作,原物” 。discovery 意为 “发现”;resource 意为“资源” 。根据句意,选 A。 10. 解析:选 A。根据句意先排除 D 项。except 或者 except for 后面接名词或代词,如果 后面跟句子,应当用 except when,表示“除了当??的时候” 。 Ⅴ. 完形填空 1. 解析:选 B。从下文的“the physics lecture room was on the second floor”可知, 此处的 building 就是有“教室”的那一座。 2. 解析:选 A。此处的 and 连接两个并列的句子,old 前的 and 连接并列的形容词。 3. 解析:选 D。从下文可以看出,这个教室不像教室,只是个普通的房间,但牌子上写的 是“教室” 。 4. 解析:选 C。根据常识可知,牌子应该挂在门上。 5. 解析:选 B。根据下文可知,学生的年龄只比老师小几岁。 6. 解析:选 A。与上句呼应,说明老师与学生年龄差距不大,事实上有时候某些学生的长 相和行为显得比老师都要大。 7. 解析:选 D。这是根据上文发展来的一种关系,表示一种递进的语气,意为“甚至??” 。 8. 解析:选 B。从下文的“looking out over the street and many houses”及“threw the

apple”可知,这间课室不是在街道里,而是在街道之上, “比街道的位置要高” ,所以“苹 果才会扔下去,打在车上” 。 9. 解析:选 D。put some work 意为“布置一些作业” 。 10. 解析:选 C。这是根据事件发生的情形推断出来的,苹果吃了一半后扔出去了,其他选 项意义上都不通。 11. 解析:选 A。这种“生气”的心情是很自然的,因为有人把苹果扔到了他的车上。 12. 解析:选 D。someone 表示“有人(某个人,但不知是哪一个)把苹果扔到车上了” 。A、 B 两项意义不通;C 项是疑问语气。 13. 解析:选 C。A 项的 hit 为及物动词,后不用介词;B 项指某人或者某物自然地“倒下” 或者“落下” 。D 项意义不通。 14. 解析:选 B。say to 为固定用法,此处的意思是“对着某人说话” ,不是“与某人交谈 (talk to) ” 。 15. 解析:选 D。此处 want 意为“要找到??” 。 16. 解析:选 A。句意为:我会在门外等着你(找到那个扔苹果的人) 。 17. 解析:选 B。用“there be”句型来表示一种存在的状况。 18. 解析:选 C。be gone=disappear,意为“消失了” 。 19. 解析:选 C。根据上句可知,学生已经都跑了,所以是对着空空的房间说“下课” 。 20. 解析:选 D。本句表示的是与平时相比的反常现象, “没有一个人动” 。 Ⅵ. 阅读表达 1. Daydreaming is necessary and may help settle our problems. 2. daydreaming is quite necessary/useful/important/helpful 3. Daydreams are the result of unconscious mind while sleep dreams are that of conscious mind. 4. It might distract you from what you should be doing. 5. 通过留心自己的“白日梦”比仔细了解睡眠中的梦更容易帮助你深刻认识自己的生活。


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