Unit 3 Understanding Science
Text A Public Attitudes Toward Science
Part Division of the Text
? Part 1
? Part 2 ? Part 3
----- Paras.1 – 3
----- Paras. 4 – 6 ----- Para. 7
Part 1 ( paras. 1– 3 ) Main Idea :
To make informed decisions about change, the public needs
a basic understanding of science __________________________________.
Questions and Answers
1) What is the attitude of some people towards the changes brought about by science and technology?
Some people would like to stop these changes and go back to what they see as a purer and simpler age. 2) What was life like before science and technology began to change our way of life?
For the vast majority of the population, life was nasty, brutish, and short.
3) What would happen if all government money for research were cut off?
The force of competition would still bring about advances in technology if all government money for research were cut off.
4) Is it possible to prevent science and technology from further development? Why or why not? No. The only way to prevent further developments would be a global state that suppressed anything new, and human initiative and inventiveness are such that even this would not succeed.
5) What are general public’s attitudes towards science and technology? They expect the steady increase in the standard of living that new developments in science and technology have brought to continue, but they also distrust science because they don’t understand it. Besides, the public also has a great interest in science.
Part 2 ( paras. 4– 6 ) Main Idea :
What can be done to Educate the public about science __________________________________.
Skimming 1. Skim Part 2 to find out a mini-exposition. Topic sentence: How to educate the public in science? Supporting point 1: science education in schools _________________________ Supporting point 2: replacing equations with words _________________________ and diagrams _________________________ Supporting point 3: making use of popular media _________________________ such as newspapers, magazines _________________________ and above all TV _________________________
2. This part is full of comparison and contrast, read this part and fill in the following table with information obtained from this part.
Sides 1 Equations vs. words and diagrams ________________.
Author’s preference The author preferred conveying science by words and diagrams ________________.
Reasons 1. Experts need equations for precise values of quantities _______________________. 2. The public only needs a qualitative grasp of scientific _________________________ concepts ________. 1. Science lessons don’t include latest development and scientific ___________________________ progress ________. 2. Even though these publications could help put across ______ New developments ____________ , they are only read by a small proportion of _________________ population _________.
Science lessons vs. __________________ Magazine articles and ____________. popular books
The author preferred none of them ___________.
Magazine and books television vs. _________.
The author preferred television _________.
1. It can reach a truly mass audience __________________. 2. It contains many very good science _______________ programs ________.
Part 3 ( para. 7 )
Main Idea : With an informed public, human civilization will survive __________________________________.
True or False 1) Our civilization is more advanced than other alien civilizations according to the joke. ( T )
2) We have not been contacted by an alien civilization because of the insufficient development of the science and technology. ( F ) We have not been contacted by an alien civilization because any alien civilization tends to destroy themselves when they reach our stage.
3) The author has had sufficient evidence to prove that the joke is wrong. ( F )
The author has not had sufficient evidence, but he believes that the good sense of the public might prove the joke is wrong.
? 1. But can genes also determine whether
people will get divorced, how smart they are, or what career they are likely to choose? (CET – 4 2010.12 阅读) ? 2. As never before in their long history, universities have become instruments of national competition as well as instruments of peace. (CET – 4 2007.12 阅读) ? 3. They may want a position with more responsibility that encourages creativity and initiative. (CET – 4 2006.6 阅读)
? 4. To
ensure that he can attend the meeting, I
called him up in advance. (CET – 4 2010.12 翻译)
? 5. Thanks to a
series of new inventions,
doctors can treat this disease successfully. (CET – 4 2007.12 翻译) 6. The study of how genes and environment interact to influence psychological activity is known as behavioral genetics. (CET – 4 2010.12 阅读)
? 7. It is clear that the dog has a much greater
proportion of its brain devoted to smell than
is the case with humans. (CET – 4 2006.6 阅读) ? 8. It caused them to think about how they might control the experiences of children to produce responsible and productive adults. (CET – 4 2008.12 完形) ? 9. They believed strongly that democracy depended on responsibility and that a growing capitalist economy depended on the productivity of worker. (CET – 4 2008.12 完形)
?Summary 1. 无论我们是否喜欢，科技使我们生活的世界发
1. 无论我们是否喜欢，科技使我们生 活的世界发生了不断的变化。
Whether we like it or not,
science and technology have made the
world we live in change constantly.
2. 公众喜欢科学带来的生活水准的提 高，但又怀疑科学，同时也对科学深 感兴趣。
The public like the great increase in the living standard but distrust science, though it is still interested in science.
3. 使公众对科学有一个基本的了解是 必要的。
It is necessary to make the public have
a scientific background.
4. 学校科学教育是一种重要的途径， 使用文字和图表来代替公式以及利用 像报纸、杂志、电视这样的大众媒介 也很重要。
education in school is an important way, replacing equations with words and diagrams and making use of
popular media such as newspaper, mgazines and TV are also very important.
5. 如果公众能够很好的理解科学，人 类文明就一定会延续下去。
Human civilization will survive if the
public understand science well.
?Summary 1. 无论我们是否喜欢，科技使我们生活的世界发
Whether we like it or not, science and technology have made the world we live in change constantly. The public like the great increase in the living standard but distrust science, though it is still interested in science. It is necessary to make the public have a scientific background. Science education in school is an important way, replacing equations with words and diagrams and making use of popular media such as newspaper, magazines and TV are also very
? 1. 正如科学家所预言的那样，全球污染成了
? ? ?
人类面临的最严重的问题之一。 2. 谋求这些职位的竞争很激烈---- 今年的求职 者是去年的五倍。 3. 正如事实表明的那样，教育大纲应符合国 家的经济发展计划。 4. 着汽车太费油，而且价钱几乎是我想付的 两倍。 5. 要了解一起重大的国际事件，我们首先要 考虑其历史与政治背景。
1. 正如科学家所预言的那样，全 球污染成了人类面临的最严重的 问题之一。
? As is predicted by scientists,
? pollution has become one of the most
serious problems human are faced with.
Competition for these jobs is very tough ----- we have five times as many applicants this year as we did last year.
3. 正如事实表明的那样，教育大 纲应符合国家的经济发展计划。
As the facts show , educational programs needs to fit into the national plan for
4. 着汽车太费油，而且价钱几乎 是我想付的两倍。
? The car burn s
too much gas , and
moreover , the price is almost twice as much as I intend to pay.
5. 要了解一起重大的国际事件， 我们首先要考虑其历史与政治背 景。
? To understand a great international event,
we, first of all, need to consider the
historical and political background to it.
? It is hard to imagine how our forefathers
could do without so many conveniences that modern technology has brought about . Back then only a small proportion of the population enjoyed the comforts of life. The majority didn’t even have sufficient food, not to speak of the privilege of being educated. However, many people blame modern technology for creating so many problems. They want to slow down the rate of progress. But no one can put the clock back .
? 1. The idea of becoming a writer had come to me
off and on since my childhood in Belleville, but it wasn’t until my third year in high school that the possibility took hold. ? 2. Mr. Fleagle had a reputation among students for dullness and inability to inspire. ? 3. In a democratic society, this means that the public needs to have a basic understanding of science, so that it can make informed decisions and not leave them in the hands of experts. ? 4. What can be done to harness this interest and give the public the scientific background it needs to make informed decisions on subjects like acid rain, the greenhouse effect, nuclear weapons, and genetic engineering?
? 1. 享有特权的少数人
? 3. 全球政府
? 5.生活水准 ? 7. 对…充满信心 ? 9.以…而出名 ? 11.躺在沙发上 ? 13.围坐在晚餐桌旁 ? 15.心花怒放
2. 基础科学 4. 做出明智决定 6. 死记硬背 8. 断断续续 10.据说某人… 12.不得不面对… 14.自得其乐 16.最后的时刻 18.当今政府 20.外星文明