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高一英语第一册学习资料11_图文

时间:2010-06-06

Unit 11 The Sounds of the World

Language Points

1. practise
practise vi / vt 实践;练习 practise doing sth 练习做某事 ◆ Whenever possible, we should practise speaking English. ◆ After he practised hard for one month, he made great progress in oral English. practice n. 练习;实践 ◆ Practice makes perfect.

practical a. 实际的; 实用的 ◆ The ordinary school cannot give much practical training in living, because most of the students’ time is spent in classes, studying lessons. practised a. 熟练的; 精通的


It needs a lot of try and diligence in order to have a practised skill.

2. what to buy
Can you help me decide what to buy … wh - 疑问词 + to - 动词不定式, 做介词 或动词宾语. ◆ I am not sure about what to do. ◆ Have you any idea how to open the packet? (本句介词省略了) ◆ When and where to have the meeting isn’t decided yet.

3. have...in mind
What do you have in mind? have...in mind 记得,考虑,想要 ◆Do you have anyone in mind for this job? ◆I could see that she was not telling me all she had in mind. ◆I have it in mind to go shopping on Sunday.

have sth. on one’s mind 为某事担忧

You look unhappy. Have you got anything on your mind? keep sth. in mind 记住 ◆ Keep these rules in mind. 注意比较: learn sth. by heart ◆ In order to do well in your lessons, you should learn all the texts by heart.


4. dance to...
dance to 和着……的节拍跳 ◆ The man danced to the beautiful music. ◆ We sang the song to a new tune today. ◆ Do you want an egg to your tea? dance with 与某人一起跳舞 ◆ Would you like to dance with me? 考题点击: C The poem has been set _____ music. A. with B. for C. to D. on

5. consider doing
They are considering paying a visit to China. 注意: “认为、把…看作”的不同表达法。 ● regard / have / look on / think of / treat / consider sb./sth. as ● consider / think sb. / sth. to be 注:take / mistake sb. / sth. for… (把…误认为) ◆ She felt ashamed the moment she realized that she took the man for her old classmate.

He has read lots of books, _____ that he is A young. A. considering B. considered C. being considered D. to consider
解析:此处 considering 为介词,意为“鉴 于”,其后可接名词或从句。如: ◆ He is active, considering his age. ◆ He did very well in this exam, considering that he had studied so little.

6. characteristic
characteristic a. 特有的,独特的;典型的;表示特性的 n. 特性,特征,特色 ◆ Urban inhabitants have to live with the characteristic noises of cities.
城市居民不得不忍受都市特有的喧嚣。


It is their distinguishing characteristic. 这是他们与众不同的特征。

7. contain
Today’s American culture contains many different musical styles. contain vt. 包含;容纳 ◆ The jar contains ten glasses of water. 这只大口瓶能装十杯水。 ◆ The pill contains vitamins. 这药丸中含有多种维生素。

8. have much in common
have something / nothing / much / little in common (with sb. / sth.) ◆ Jane and I have nothing in common. ◆ I have much in common with Tom and we are good friends. in common with sb/sth 像… 一样 ◆ In common with many others, I also applied for the job.

辨析 common / usual / ordinary / general

common 常见的 ◆ Jackson is a common English name. ◆ This is a common mistake in spelling. usual 通常的,往常的 ( usually, unusual ) ◆ It is usual to start a speech by greeting the audience. ◆ He came back home later than usual.

ordinary 平常的,普通的 ◆ It was a very ordinary day. ◆ The meal is very ordinary. general 普遍的,大众的,大致的,主要的 ◆ Try to find the general idea of this paragraph. ◆ The book is written for the general reader, not for the specialist. ◆ a matter of general interest

9. spread
Latin music has spread all over the world. spread v. 传播; 散布; 使伸展 [注意]过去式, 过去分词和原形相同 ◆ If I tell you the secret, don t spread it around. ◆ The fire soon spread through the whole of the town ◆ I spread my arms as far apart as I could.

10. variety
variety n. 多样化, 变化; 种种; 种类 ◆ What other ways do you know to add variety? 你知道其他增加变化的方法吗? ◆ People like to live a life full of variety. 人们喜欢过丰富多彩的生活。 vary v. Prices vary with the season. various adj. at various times

11. universal
Is music a universal language?

universal a. 全体的; 普遍的;
广见的


众所周知的; 宇

宙的; 全世界的; 万能的, 通用的; 多才多艺的; 博闻

The government introduced universal



secondary education years ago. Football is a universal game.

12. perform
perform vt.1. 履行; 执行; 完成; 做 2. 演出, 表演, 演奏 vi.1. 演出, 表演, 演奏[(+on / at)] 2. (机器)运转; (人)行动,表现 ◆ The young doctor performed the heart operation. ◆ Our team performed well in the match yesterday.

13. turn...into...
turn ... into ... 把...变成/翻译/改写成... ◆ Turn this sentence into English. 将这句话译成英文。 ◆ The barren land has been turned into fertile fields. 贫瘠的土地已改成良田。 ◆ Water has turned into ice. 水已经结成了冰。

14. similar
similar a. 相像的,相仿的,类似的(+to) ◆ His problem is similar to yours. 他的问题和你的相似。 ◆ My view is similar to yours. 我的看法与你相似。 ◆ They had similar views. 他们意见相似。

15. satisfy
satisfy vt. 使满意, 使高兴; 使满足(+with); 满
足(需要,欲望等); 符合, 达到(要求,标准等)
◆ ◆



That answer won’t satisfy her. Our company will do everything to satisfy our customers. You can’t apply for the job until you have satisfied certain conditions.

satisfactory a. 令人满意的;符合要求的; 良好的 ◆ The result of the exam was satisfactory. satisfaction n. 满意,满足;称心 ◆ Your success will be a satisfaction to your parents. satisfied a. 感到满意的; 满足的 ◆ Are you satisfied with my answer? satisfying a. 满意的;充分的;确信的 ◆ He gave us a satisfying answer.

考题点击

Nick is looking for another job
because he feels that nothing he does _______his boss. B

A. serves
C. promises

B. satisfies
D. supports

16. desire
desire vt. 渴望; 要求[+ to - v][+ that] n. 欲望, 渴望 ◆ He desired us to leave soon. ◆ She desired to marry a rich man. ◆ It is desired that this rule should be brought to the attention of the staff. ◆ I come to help you at her desire.

17. entertain
entertain vt. 1. 使欢乐,使娱乐 2. 招待,款待(+with/at/to) vi. 款待,请客 ◆ We were all entertained by his humorous stories. ◆ They often entertained their friends at weekends.

18. intelligence
intelligence n. 智能;智慧;理解力 ◆ He’s obviously a man of very high intelligence. ◆ intelligence test 智力测验,智能测验 intelligent a.有才智的;聪明的;明智的; 有理性的;智能的 ◆ The child made a very intelligent comment.

19. hit
The band has four hits in 1970. hit n. c. 打击; 击中; 成功而风行一时 的事物 ◆ They got five hits and one miss. 他们五次击中,一次未中。 ◆ The new play is the hit of the season. 这出新戏是本季最叫座的。

20. sell
Michael’s first record sold eight million copies in America. 此处 sell 意为: 达到 ... 销售额


The novel has sold about two hundred thousand copies. 这部小说已销售约二十万册。

sell vt.卖,销售;【口】欺骗;背叛,出卖
vi. 卖,出售; (商品)(以...价格)售出 (+ at / for); 有销路
◆ ◆ ◆ ◆

He sold his bike to me for $40. She was sold again. 她又上当了。 His house sold for $ 20,000. This kind of disc sells well.

注意类似的词: write; wash; write; …

21. think...(to be)...
Money was also thought to be important. think...(to be)... 认为, 以为, 后接宾语从句或宾语加宾 语补语 ◆ We thought it our duty to take care of the orphans.
我们认为照顾这些孤儿是我们的职责。

think highly / well / little of
think nothing of sth./ doing sth.
不把...当回事

think better of sb. 对某人持较高的看法 think better of sth. 重新考虑 ◆ What a foolish idea! I hope you'll think better of it.
其它有关“评价”的短语:

sing high praise for…; speak highly of

22. express
(1) vt. 表达、表示 ◆ The guests expressed their thanks before leaving. ◆ He is still unable to express himself in English. (2) expression n. 表示、表达、表情 ◆ The scenery is beautiful beyond expression. ◆ “Shut up ” is an impolite expression.

(3) n 快车,快递,速运 ◆ The 8 a.m. express to Edinburgh is leaving. ◆ send goods by express ◆ the Federal Express ( FedExp ) 联邦快递 (4) adj. 明确的、快速的 ◆ It was his express wish that you should not wait for him. 他明确表示你不用等他了。 ◆ express way 高速公路


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