枣阳一中 2011--2012 学年上学期高二英语期中测试 曾都一中
本试卷共 10 页，全卷共 150 分，考试用时 120 分钟。
命题学校：枣阳一中 审题学校：襄州一中 宜城一中 曾都一中 命题教师： 审题教师： 注意事项： 1．答卷前，考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在试题卷和答题卡上。 2． 选择题每小题选出答案后， 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案号涂黑。 用 如需改动， 用橡皮擦干净后，再选涂其他答案标号。答在试题卷上无效。 3．非选择题用 0．5 毫米黑色的签字笔或黑色墨水钢笔直接答在答题卡上。答在试题卷 上无效。 4．考试结束，监考人员将本试题卷和答题卡一并收回。 第一部分：听力（共两节，满分 30 分） 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1．5 分，满分 7．5 分） 听下面五段对话。每段对话后有一个小题。从题中所给 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳 选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你将有 10 秒钟来回答有关小题和阅读下 一小题。每段对话仅读一遍
1. What time is it now? A. 7:00 B. 6:45 C. 6:35 2. What does the woman mean? A. She can’t go for the picnic. B. She has no interest in the picnic. C. She will go for the picnic as soon as she comes back. 3. What do we know about the Lake? A. It’s beautiful. B. It’s badly polluted. C. There are many fish in it. 4. Where is the book? A. On the newspaper. B. On the coffee table. C. Under the coffee table. 5. What does the man want to do? A. See Tom by himself. B. See Tom with the woman. C. See Tom with Tom’s sister.
第二节 （共 15 小题；每题 1．5 分，满分 22．5 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个 小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，每小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料， 回答 6-7 题。
6. What kind of offer has the woman accepted? A. Job B. Study C. Performance 7. What will the company pay for? A. Transportation and the phone bills. B. Transportation and the first month’s living expenses. C. The phone bills and the apartment rent.
听第 7 段材料， 回答 8-10 题。
8. What does the man do?
第 1 页 共 13 页
A. A businessman. B. A reporter. C. A college teacher. 9. Where do the man’s coins come from? A. Some collectors. B. His friends. C. His colleagues. 10. What is the main purpose of the man collecting coins? A. For money. B. For interest. C. For fame.
听第 8 段材料， 回答 11-13 题。
11. What does the man blame air pollution on? A. Cars B. People C. Factories 12. Why does the woman dislike the man driving to school? A. He misses much exercise. B. He makes traveling inconvenient. C. He spends too much money on his car. 13. What is the probable relationship between the speakers? A. Teacher and student. B. Husband and wife. C. Boss and employee.
听第 9 段材料，回答第 14 至 16 题。
14. How is the woman’s father now? A. He will be out of hospital soon. B. He has been out of hospital. C. He is still in danger. 15. What was the accident? A. The woman’s father’s car and a bus crashed. B. The woman’s father was knocked down by a bus. C. The bus that the woman’s father took overturned. 16. Who was to blame for the accident? A. The woman’s father. B. A man on motorbike.
听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。
C. The bus driver.
17. When will the discussion program It’s My Opinion be broadcast? A. At 8:30. B. At 10:30. C. At 11:30. 18. What songs will be broadcast on Radio Three? A. American. B. Brazilian. C. Italian. 19. What part of the match will be commented on Radio Two? A. The first half. B. The second half. C. The whole match. 20. What program will be broadcast at 10:00 on Radio Four? A. News. B. A discussion. C. An investigation.
第二部分：词汇知识运用（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节 多项选择（共 10 小题，每题一分，满分 10 分）
21. The conflicts between parents and children are usually about the_____: where is the line between what the parents should control and what a child can do? A .affections B. boundaries C. depths D. dimensions 22. The aim of our cooperation is to peacefully develop and use space resources for the_____ of all mankind, not just for the profit of certain countries. A. purpose B. benefit C. ambition D. mainstream 23. The Sounds of Britain is a series of audio programs presenting a (an) ____ picture of Britain through different kinds of sound.
第 2 页 共 13 页
A. abundant B. elegant C. vivid D. fulfilling 24. The only way to spend New Year's Eve is either quietly with friends or in a family get-together. Otherwise when the evening ends and people pair off, someone is_____ to be left in tears. A. convenient B. intended C. bound D. determined 25. The word “ungelivable” is based on Chinese, which has become a big hit online very quickly. It ____a message that Chinese can also serve as an addition to English vocabulary. A. acknowledges B. conveys C. declares D. assesses 26. The "forced marriage", once very common in China, ______the different attitudes towards marriage between parents and children. A. reflected B. witnessed C. obeyed D. abolished 27. Usually the educated girls tend to be better paid in the workplace and more able to _____ social, economic and political decision-making. A. fit in B. settle in C. participate in D. enter in th 28. The “Singles Day" falls on every November 11 and to my surprise, China is the only country in the world that has_____ a special day for singles to celebrate their lives. A. set off B. set up C. set aside D. set down 29. To look after dogs _____is a little challenging but it is really worthwhile and rewarding. A. correctly B. exactly C. actively D. properly 30. Despite the dangerous situation, many Libyan people_____ the government still chose to stay with the president Moammar Gadhafi and fought against the rebels. A. in favor of B. in light of C. in honor of D. in the name of
第二节：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出 可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
It was a cold winter’s night when I stopped for gas on my way home from work. I was tired and had a slight 31 . I worked in a 32 doctor’s office and this was one of those days when the unexpected happened, making the schedule run 33 than usual. It seemed I was going to be late 34 home and my husband, being the 35 person, would be ready to pronounce me late once again. Maybe if I hurried, I could still _36 __it home. I was heading inside to 37 for my gas when I noticed an older couple at the counter. I heard them asking for 38 to the local hospital. It was the same hospital that I had just _39_ a few minutes ago. The young man at the counter was trying to be 40 in explaining how to get there, with two other people making 41 . One of them was 42 trying to give them a whole different route back. It was then that I walked over to the couple and said, “Would you like to follow me to the 43 ?” A look of 44 crossed the woman’s face. “I’m going right by there,” I said, which wasn’t a (an) 45 since I had just
第 3 页 共 13 页
made up my mind to do 46 that. I got in my car and began the journey back. I was trying to watch to be sure they were right 47 me. It took only fifteen minutes to get there as rush hour traffic was beginning to 48 . I felt better than I had all day and my headache was nearly gone. Later, as I arrived home, my husband 49 me, “So you aren’t ever late any more.” I said, “Sometimes it’s 50 to be late.” 31. A. break B. cold C. fever D. headache 32. A. foreign B. common C. noisy D. busy 33. A. later B. earlier C. easier D. simpler 34. A. getting B. cooking C. calling D. working 35. A. tough B. generous C. punctual D. rough 36. A. get B. take C. arrive D. make 37. A. pay B. charge C. wait D. search 38. A. opinions B. trouble C. directions D. instructions 39. A. reached B. visited C. called D. left 40. A. skilled B. helpful C. experienced D. active 41. A. comments B. promises C. jokes D. offers 42. A. only B. still C. even D. ever 43. A. station B. office C. hospital D. hotel 44. A. happiness B. relief C. sadness D. peace 45. A. lie B. fact C. reason D. duty 46. A. partly B. voluntarily C. exactly D. perfectly 47. A. across B. before C. beside D. behind 48. A. go up B. die down C. take up D. get through 49. A. teased B. yelled C. joked D. laughed 50. A. possible B. special C. good D. safe
第三部分：阅读理解（共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项中选出一个最佳选项。
A The story begins with fishing. Once a boy and his father went fishing before bass (a kind of special fish) season opened. They were fishing early in the evening, catching other fish with worms. Then the boy tied on a small silver lure (鱼饵) and put it into the lake. Suddenly he felt that something very big pulling on the lure. His father watched with admiration as the boy skillfully brought the fish beside the bank. Finally he lifted the tired fish from the water. It was the largest one he had ever seen, but it was a bass(the special fish). The boy and his father looked at the big fish. The father lit a match and looked at his watch. It was 10 pm – two hours before the bass season opened. He looked at the fish, then at the boy. “You’ll have to put it back, son,” he said. “Dad!” cried the boy, “There will be other fish,” said his father. “Not as big as
第 4 页 共 13 页
this one,” cried the boy. He looked around the lake. No other fishermen or boats were in sight in the moonlight. He looked again at his father. Even though no one had seen them, nor could anyone ever know what time he had caught the fish, the boy could tell from his father’s voice that the decision couldn’t be changed. He threw the huge bass into the black water. The big fish disappeared. The boy thought that he would never again see such a big fish. That was 34 years ago. Today the boy is a successful architect in New York City. He often takes his own son and daughters to fish at the same place. And he was right. He has never again caught such a large fish as the one he got that night long ago. But he does see that same fish … again and again … every time he has an ethical decision to make. For, as his father had taught him, ethics (伦理道 德)are simple matters of right and wrong. It is only the practice of ethics that is difficult. 51. What happened when the big fish turned out to be a bass? A. The boy threw the bass back into the water willingly. B. The boy and his father discussed what to do with the big fish. C. The father lit a match in order to check the time. D. They worried other fishermen may discover what they had done. 52. From the text we know that the father _____. A. disliked the huge fish B. was firm and stubborn C. didn’t love his son D. always disagreed with his son 53. The successful architect went fishing with his children at the same place because _____. A. they might catch a big fish there B. he was taught a moral lesson there C. it was a most popular fishing spot D. their children enjoyed fishing there 54. What does the story imply? A. An ethical decision is always easy to make. B. It is easy to say something, but difficult to do. C. It’s hard to tell right from wrong sometimes D. Fishing can help one to make right decisions B With its 190 million inhabitants, Brazil has the largest population in Latin America and ranks fifth in the world. However, Brazil’s population growth rate has dropped greatly and Brazilian women now have only 2.7 children on average. This achievement really becomes the envy of many other Third World countries. Brazil has become one of the developing world’s great successes at reducing population growth-----but more by accident than design. While countries such as India have made joint efforts to reduce birth rates, Brazil has had a better result without really trying, says George Martine at Harvard. Martine puts it down to, among other things, soap operas(TV series) and installment (分期付款) plans introduced in the 1970s. Both played an important, although indirect role in lowering the birth rate. Brazil is one of the world’s biggest producers of soap operas. Globo, Brazil’s most popular television network, shows
第 5 页 共 13 页
three hours of soaps six nights a week, while three others show at least one hour a night. Most TV series are based on wealthy characters living the high life in big cities. “Although they have never really tried to work in a message towards the problems of reproduction(生育), they describe middle and upper class values-----not many children, different attitudes towards sex, women working,” says Martine. “They sent this image to all parts of Brazil and made people conscious of other patterns of behavior and other values, which were put into a very attractive package.” Meanwhile, the installment plans tried to encourage the poor to become consumers. “This led to an enormous change in consumption patterns and showed that consumption was in contradiction with unlimited reproduction,” says Martine. 55. According to the passage, many Third World countries_______. A. haven’t attached much importance to birth control B. would soon join Brazil in controlling their birth rate C. neglected the role of TV plays in family planning D. haven’t yet found effective measures to control their population 56.The phrase “puts it down to”(Line1, Para. 3) is closest in meaning to “________”. A. attributes it to B. finds it a reason for C. sums it up as D. compares it to 57. Soap operas are useful in lowering Brazil’s birth rate because ________. A. they have gradually changed people’s way of life B. people are drawn to their attractive package C. they keep people sitting long hours watching TV D. they popularize birth control measures 58. According to the last paragraph, which statement is right? A. Family’s consumption patterns are usually affected by reproduction patterns. B. The desire for consumption helps to reduce birth rate. C. A country’s production is limited by its population growth. D. The increase in birth rate will promote consumption C Miami Beach is a top destination for vacationers from around the world --not to mention a location for sea turtles laying eggs. For years, female sea turtles have returned to the beaches where they were born to build nests for their next generation. As Miami Beach continues to develop; wildlife officials and volunteers are making sure the beach remains a welcoming place for these endangered animals. The sea turtle patrol (巡逻队) starts his day at sunrise. "The reason we need to get out at first light is to make sure we see the tracks before anybody else gets out here, Bill Ahern says, "Something that weighs 350 pounds is going to leave evidence." Bill Ahern directs the sea turtle program in Miami-Dade county. His team monitors and marks nests left by sea turtles who lay eggs in the sand and then return to the sea. The patrols also work with beach residents to keep track of new nests and possible threats to existing ones. Nearly 65,000 turtles nested on Florida's Atlantic coast last year. A tiny part comes to Miami Beach where they face many risks. Tough laws have been passed
第 6 页 共 13 页
to punish poachers（偷盗者）. And bright lights from nearby buildings can confuse newly born turtles, attracting them onto roads instead of into the ocean. "I recall in the mid-1960s, me and my beach buddies(policemen) would pick up hatchlings from the road and put them back in the water," he recalls .To avoid that problem, city officials have imposed limits on coastal lighting. Although most sea turtles hatch（孵化）on their own, coming out at night, some have a harder time. In the future, the Sea Turtles Program hopes to do away with the hatchery. Educating beach-goers is a step in that direction. Each week, people are invited to see a release of newly born turtles recovered from nests. The experience helps sunbathers understand the role of the beach in the turtle's life cycle. “Only a part of the newly hatched turtles will escape predators and man-made dangers in their first year.” Their instincts (本能) are so sharp ," Ahern says, "I'll face a turtle to the west, and then watch him, he turns right around ,facing the ocean. " 59. What do Ahern and his sea turtle patrol do in the early morning? A. find tracks left by sea turtles B. pick up the trash on the beach C. collect eggs laid by sea turtles D. exercise to lose weight 60. Many measures are taken to protect the turtles except_______ A. founding the sea turtle patrol B. setting a limit to coastal lighting C. educating beach-goers D. slowing down the development of Miami 61. From what Ahern said in the last paragraph ,we can infer sea turtles______ A. have a habit of facing west in the ocean B. have a natural tendency to be watched C. easily lose their way on the land D. have a strong ability to find where to go 62. What is the main idea of this passage? A. sea turtles are in battle for nursing grounds B. sea turtles head for the beach for vacations C. sea turtles are listed as endangered animals D. sea turtles lay eggs on the Miami Beach D Plants grow faster if you talk to them and the effect is even better if you’re a woman. Researchers at Royal Horticultural Society carried out an experiment to find that the voice of a woman gardener makes plants grow faster. The experiment lasted a month and by the end of the study scientists managed to discover that tomato plants grew up two inches taller when women gardeners talked to them instead of male. Sarah Darwin was the one making the plants registered the best growth. Her voice was the most “inspiring” for plants than those of nine other gardeners when reading a passage from The Origin of Species. The great-great-granddaughter of the famous botanist Charles Darwin found that her plant grew about two inches taller than the plant of the best male gardener. Colin Crosbie, Garden Superintendent at RHS, said that the finding cannot
第 7 页 共 13 页
yet be explained. He assumes that women have a greater range of pitch and tone which might have a certain effect on the sound waves that reach the plant. “Sound waves are an environmental effect just like rain or light ,”said Mr Grosbie. The study began in April at RHS Garden Wisley in Survey. Scientists started with open auditions for the people who were asked to record passages from John Wyndham's The Day of the Triffids, Shakespeare’s A Midsummer's Night Dream and Darwin's The Origin of Species. Afterwards researchers selected a number of different voices and played them to 10 tomato plants during a period of a month. Each plant had headphones connected to it, Through the headphones the sound waves could hit the plants. It was discovered that plants that “listened” to female voices on average grew taller by an inch in comparison to plants that heard male voices. Miss Darwin said, “I think it is an honor to have a voice that can make tomatoes grow, and especially fitting because for a number of years I have been studying wild tomatoes from the Galapagos Island at the Natural History Museum in London.” 63. What does the passage talks about? A. Plants enjoying men’s voices than women’s B. A botanical experiment in a museum C. Voice’s influence on plant growing D. Strange phenomenon at Royal Horticultural Society 64. What does the underlined sentence in paragraph 4 mean? A. Plants need sound as well as rain and light B. Sound is basic for the plant to grow C. Sound has a good effect as rain or light does D. Plants can’t live without sound, rain or light 65. Sarah Darwin is most likely a (an)_____ A. botanist B. gardener C. astronomer D. environmentalist 66. What can we learn from the passage? A. the experiment ended in May B. Scientist can explain the findings clearly C. plants enjoy listening to the passages from masterpieces D. the findings is of great importance to human beings E Dolphins and sharks are showing up in surprisingly shallow water just off the Florida coast． Mullets, crabs(螃蟹)， rays and small fish gather by the thousands off an Alabama pier．Birds covered in oil are crawling(爬) deep into marshes（沼泽） ， never to be seen again． Marine scientists studying the effects of the BP（英国石油公司）disaster are seeing some strange phenomena． Fish and other wildlife seem to be fleeing the oil out in the Gulf and gathering in cleaner waters along the coast in a trend that some researchers see as a potentially troubling sign．The animals’ presence close to shore means their usual habitat is badly polluted，and the crowding could result in mass die-offs as fish run out of oxygen． Also， animals could easily be captured the
第 8 页 共 13 页
by their enemies． The nearly two-month-old oil spill has created an environmental disaster in US history as tens of millions of gallons have flown into the Gulf of Mexico ecosystem．Scientists are seeing some unusual things as they try to understand the effects on thousands of species of marine life．For nearly four hours Monday，a three-person crew with Greenpeace cruised （巡航） past delicate islands and mangrove-dotted inlets in Barataria Bay off southern Louisiana ．They saw dolphins by the dozen frolicking（嬉戏）in the oily sheen and oil-tinged pelicans feeding their young．But they spotted no dead animals． “I think part of the reason why we’re not seeing more yet is that the impacts of this crisis are really just beginning， ”Greenpeace marine biologist John Hocevar said． The counting of dead wildlife in the Gulf is more than an academic exercise； the deaths will help determine how much BP pays in damages. 67．What do the marine life react to the BP disaster？ A. Birds crawl deep into caves． B. Sea creatures flee from oil spill，gathering near seashore C. Dolphins and sharks show up in deep water． D. Tens of thousands of marine animals are found dead． 68．John Hocevar’s attitude towards the disaster might be _____？ A ．Neutral B．Worried C．Depressed D．Disappointed 69．The environmental disaster was caused by_____ ． A．the lack of environmental sense of BP B．the nearly two-mouth-old oil spill C．the damage of Mexico Gulf ecosystem D．the crowding marine life 70．From the passage, we can infer that_____ ． A．marine scientists have seen some strange phenomena． B．the disaster has little influence on dolphins． C．a three-person crew reached no conclusion D．BP will pay much money according to the number of dead wildlife there 第四部分：书面表达（共两节，满分 40 分）
第一节：完成句子（共 10 小题；每小题 1．5 分，满分 15 分） 。 阅读下列各小题，根据括号内的汉语提示，用句末括号内的英语单词完成句子，并将答 案写在答题卡上的相应题号后。
71.A strong earthquake hit New Zealand’s South Island city of Christchurch,___ ____________(造成了巨大损失).(cause) 72.How amusing it is to see Mr Bean ________(追赶) by a group of ducks across the street.(run) 73. Tomorrow ,I will take part in the Civil Service Admission Examination, ______(我 已准备了)for nearly two months. (prepare) 74.Experts believed that the large number of cancer cases in 1990s in the area ________(一定与…有关)the nuclear power station . (relevant ) 75.Bob is said _______(辞职了)from this school. He is now working in a foreign
第 9 页 共 13 页
company.(resign) 76._____________(他们提到的)just now is none of our business.( what, refer) 77.Should it rain tomorrow ,I ___________________(不会陪你去北京)(accompany) 78_____________( 忙 于 工 作 )makes him a workaholic with no time with his family.( occupied) 79.Not until she failed the exam ___________ (她开始) realize how precious the time was.( start) 80. There are many parking spaces especially __________(专门为残疾人司机预留 的)(reserve)
第二节：短文写作（共 1 题；满分 25 分） 假如你叫张洋，今年六月从天津光明中学毕业，打算到加利福尼亚科技学院上学。现在 请你根据表格的个人信息，用英语写一封信，申请留学。 姓名：张洋 毕业学校：天津光明中学 申请学校：加利福尼亚科技学院 兴趣爱好：旅游，计算机，英语 性别：男 出生年月：1994 年 2 月 学业：各科优秀 申请专业：计算机科学 电子邮件:ZY94@sina,com
注意：必须包括以上内容，不能逐字翻译，可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。 词数：100 左右，开头结尾已给出，不计入词数。 参考词汇：California Institute of Technology
Dear Sir or Madam, I am writing in the hope that I can obtain a chance to further my study in computer science in your university. Yours sincerely ZhangYang
第 10 页 共 13 页
One Possible Version: Dear Sir or Madam, I’m writing in the hope that I can obtain a chance to further my study in computer science in your university. First, please allow me to make a brief introduction of myself. I’m ZhangYang, a boy, born in February, 1994. I’m graduating from Tianjin Guangming High School this coming June. I’m an optimistic and excellent student with a keen interest in computers and the Internet. Besides, I’m good at English, so language won’t be the barrier for me abroad. During holidays, I usually travel around the world. I know that the California Institute of Technology is ranked among the most famous universities in the USA, and computer science is one of the favorite choices for many students. That’s the very reason why I’m now applying to further my university study in your Computer Science Department. I would appreciate it if you could take the trouble to provide me with some information and send me the necessary application materials. By the way, my email address is ZY94@sina.com. Looking forward to your reply! Yours sincerely, Zhang Yang
第 11 页 共 13 页
Text 6 M: Hello, this is Brain. W: Hi, Brain. I have decided to accept the offer. M: Great! My boss will be pleased to hear about the news. When do you plan to start? W: How about the first of next month? M: That’s good. You can call the 1-800 number on your package to arrange the move. They’ll come and pack everything for you. W: Yes, I have got that. M: Our company will pay for transportation of all your household stuff including your car, your air ticket coming to work, and your first month’s living expenses. W: That’s very generous. I’ll see you on the first then. Text 7 W: Professor Jones, you are well-known in town as a professor of mathematics at the City College. We are writing about what professional people do in their spare time for our paper. May I ask you a few questions about your favourite hobby? M: Sure, I love discussing my hobby with people. I’m a coin collector. W: Where do you find the coins for your collection? M: Sometimes in my pocket change, but usually I buy them from other collectors or trade for others. W: What does your collection consist of now? M: I have over 5,000 valuable coins which have doubled in value. W: You seen very businesslike in your hobby. M: Well, do you think so? But my hobby is mainly based on interest. Text 8
第 12 页 共 13 页
M: Oh, no, another day like this. I wish there was something we could do about all the air pollution. W: I know what you mean. But I don’t think there is too much that can be done as long as we use so many cars. It’s mostly the fumes from the cars that make the air so dirty. M: Oh, honey. You know that it’s not really the fault of cars. It’s the fault of factories. W: You say that just because you like the convenience of your car. You won’t even walk to school. You say that it’s because of the pollution. Then you go out in your car and add to the pollution. M: You’re right. I’m going to do my part for the environment and walk to school today. W: Not only will it help the air quality, it will help your body, too. You haven’t been getting enough exercise lately. Text 9 M: Hi, Jane. I’m surprised to see you here. I thought you were away on holiday. W: I was away on holiday till last Tuesday. Then my father had a serious accident, and my mother called me, asking me to come home at once. M: I’m sorry to hear about your father. How is he now? W: He is still in the hospital and the doctor says he won’t be out of danger for another two or three days. M: What was the accident? W: My father’s car and a bus crashed on a corner. M: What happened? Was somebody going too fast? Or the road was slippery? W: No, it wasn’t the fault of my father or the bus driver. Just as they were coming round the corner towards each other, a man on a motorcycle, going very fast, tried to pass between them. M: That was a silly thing to do. Some people are quite mad on the road, aren’t they?
第 13 页 共 13 页