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同等学力英语词汇表

时间:2012-04-13


同等学力英语词汇表 Part 1

1. abandon vt. 1. 丢弃;抛弃,遗弃 2. 放弃,中止 n. 放纵,放任;狂放 [例句]: The crew abandoned the burning ship. 水手们离弃了燃烧中的船。 2. abound ? vi 1. 大量存在 2. 富足 [例句]: Wildlife abounds in the forest. 森林里多野生动植物。 3. absorb: vt. 1. 吸收(液体,气体,光,声等) 2. 汲取,理解(知识等) [例句]: Cotton gloves absorb sweat. 棉手套吸汗。 4. abstract: a. 1. 抽象的 2. 难懂的,深奥的 n. 1. 摘要,梗概 2. 抽象派艺术作品 [例句]: Some people say beauty itself is abstract. Do you agree? 有些人认为美本身是抽象 的。你同意吗?

5. accelerate: vt 1. 使增速 2. 促进;促使...早日发生 vi. 1. 加快;增长;增加 [例句]: The car suddenly accelerated. 汽车突然加快了速度。 6. access: n. 1. 接近,进入;接近的机会,进入的权利;使用 2. 通道,入口,门路 vt. [电脑]取出(资料);使用;接近 [例句]: Only a few people have access to the full facts of the case. 只有少数几个人能看到 有关该案全部事实的材料。 7. accommodate: vt. 1. 能容纳; 能提供...膳宿 2. (飞机等)可搭载 [例句]: The hotel can accommodate 500 tourists. 这家旅馆可住五百名观光客。 8. accompany: vt. 1. 陪同,伴随 2. 随着...发生,伴有 vi. 伴奏,伴唱 [例句]: Lightning usually accompanies thunder. 电闪通常伴着雷声。 9. accord:

vi. (与...) 一致, 符合, 调和 vt 1. 使一致, 调解 2. 给予;赠予;授予 n. 1. 一致,符合,调和 2. (国家之间的)协议;条约 [例句]: His account of the incident accords with yours. 他对这个事件的描述与你的描述一 致 10. accountable: a. (对...)有解释义务的;应负责任的;可说明的 [例句]: Every person is accountable for his own work.每个人都要对自己的工作负责。 11. accumulate: vt 累积,积聚;积攒 vi. 积成堆;累积,聚积 [例句]: Dust had accumulated during her absence. 她不在时灰尘积了起来。 12. accuse: vt. 1.指控,控告(+of) 2. 指责,把...归咎(于) [例句]: He was accused of murder. 有人指控他谋杀。 13. acknowledge: vt. 1. 承认 2. 就...表示谢忱 [例句]:

I acknowledge that her criticism is just. 我承认她的批评是公正的。 The candidate waved his hands to acknowledge the cheers of the crowd. 候选人挥手 对大众的欢呼表示感谢 14. acquaint: vt. 1. 使认识,介绍 2. 使了解,使熟悉 [例句]: I acquainted him with the facts of the case. 我让他熟悉了案情。 15. adapt: vt. 1. 使适应,使适合(+to) 2. 改编,改写(+for) vi. 适应(+to) [例句]: He tried hard to adapt himself to the new conditions. 他努力使自己适应新的情况。 The author is going to adapt his play for television. 作者将把他的剧本改编成电视 剧。 16. addicted: a. 沉溺于某种(尤其是不良的)嗜好的;入了迷的 [例句]: More and more teenagers are addicted to drugs and alcohol nowadays.现在有 越来越多的青少年染上毒瘾及酒瘾。

17. adequate: a. 1. 能满足需要(量)的,足够的 (+for) (+to-v) 2. 适当的(+to/for) [例句]:

He sought for an adequate solution to the problem. 他寻求解决这个问题的适当办 法。 18. adjust: vt. 1. 调节;改变...以适应 (+to) 2. 校正;校准;调整 vi. 1. 调整;校准 2. 适应 (+to) [例句]: She must learn to adjust herself to English life. 她必须学会适应英国的生活。 I must adjust my watch, it's fast. 我的表快了, 我得把它校准。 19. adopt: vt. 1. 采取;采纳;吸收 2. 过继,收养 vi. 过继 [例句]: After much deliberation, the president decided to adopt her suggestion. 总经理再三 考虑之后,决定采纳她的建议。 Mr. Kern adopted the orphan as his own son. 克恩先生将那孤儿收养为自己的儿 子。 20. advocate: n. 1. 提倡者;拥护者(+of) vt. 拥护;提倡;主张(+v-ing) [例句]: They are advocates of free trade. 他们是自由贸易的倡导者。 21. afflict:

vt. 使痛苦,使苦恼,折磨 [例句]: Famine and war still afflict mankind. 饥荒与战争依旧给人类带来痛苦。 22. agenda: n. 1. 待议诸事项;议程 2. 日常工作事项 [例句]: What's on your agenda today? 你今天有哪些工作要做? 23. aggravate: vt. 1. 加重;增剧;使恶化 2. 激怒;使恼火 [例句]: Ice water aggravated my toothache. 冰水使我的牙痛加重了。 24. alert: a. 1. 警觉的;警惕的;留神的(+to) 2. 机敏的,灵活的(+in) n. 1. 警戒,警报 2. 警戒状态;警戒期间 vt. 1. 向...报警;使警觉;使注意(+to) 2. 通知(军队,船只等)待命;通知(+for/about) [例句]: She is alert to every sound and movement. 她对每一个声音和动作都很警觉。 25. alleviate: vt 减轻;缓和 [例句]: alleviate burdens on somebody 减负 26. allocate:

vt 分派;分配. [例句]: The Government has allocated funds for housing.政府已为住房建筑拨给资金。 27. alternative: a. 1. 两者(或若干)中择一的;非此即彼的 2. 替代的;供选择的 n. 1. 选择,二择一 2. 供选择的东西(或办法等) [例句]: There was no alternative route open to her. 她别无选择。 What alternatives are there? 还有什么可选择的? 28. amass: vt. 1. 积聚(财富),积累 2. 堆积 [例句]: Before he was forty he amassed a large fortune. 他在四十岁之前已积聚了一大笔财 富。 29. ambiguous: a. 1. 含糊不清的 2. 引起歧义的 [例句]: He gave us an ambiguous answer. 他给了我们一个模棱两可的答复。 30. ambition: n. 1. 雄心,抱负 2. 野心 vt. . 有...野心;追求 [例句]:

Her son was filled with ambition to become a great inventor. 她儿子一心想成为伟大 的发明家。 Part 2

1. amend: vt. 1. 修订,修改;订正 2. 改进,改善 vi. 1. 改进,改善 2. 改过自新 [例句]: The constitution was amended in 1920 to give women the right to vote. 美国宪法于 一九二○年修订,赋予妇女投票权。 He was determined to amend. 他决心改过自新。 2. amusement: n. 1. 乐趣;兴味 2. 娱乐,消遣;娱乐活动 [例句]: Reading and seeing movies are among my amusements. 阅读和看电影也是我的娱 乐活动。 They often sing for their own amusement. 他们常常唱歌自娱。 3. amusing: a. 1. 有趣的,好玩的 2. 引人发笑的 [例句]: He told amusing jokes after dinner. 他在饭后讲了几则令人捧腹的笑话。 4. analyze:

vt. 1. 分析 2. 对...进行心理分析 [例句]: He analyzed the various factors. 他分析了各种各样的因素。 5. angle: n. 1. 角;角度 2. (建筑物,家具等的)角落,突出部分 vt. 1. 使成角度移动(或转向) 2. (常含贬意)使带某种倾向,歪曲 vi1. 钓鱼 2. 谋取,猎取(+for) [例句]: These novels mirror life in today's Japan from various angles. 这些小说从不同角度 反映了当代日本的生活。 6. annoy: vt. 1. 惹恼,使生气;使烦恼 2. 打搅,困扰 vi. 令人讨厌(或不快) [例句]: His mother was annoyed with him for being so rude to their neighbors. 他母亲因为 他对邻居如此粗暴无礼而生他的气。 These flies are annoying me. 这些苍蝇一直在打搅我。 7. annual: adj. 1. 一年的;一年一次的 2. 每年的;全年的 n1. 年刊,年鉴 2. 一年生植物 [例句]: Mr. Watson's annual income is US$20,000. 沃森先生全年的收入为两万美元。

8. anticipate: vt1. 预期,期望;预料 2. 预先考虑到;预先做(或准备) [例句]: It is impossible to anticipate when it will happen. 不可能预料这事何时发生。 9. anxious: adj. 1. 焦虑的,挂念的 2. 令人焦虑的 [例句]: I'm anxious about her safety. 我对她的安全担心。 10.apologize: vi. 1. 道歉;认错,赔不是 2. 辩解,辩护 [例句]: He apologized to her for not going to her party. 他因为没有出席她举行的宴会而向 她表示歉意。 11.apparent: adj. 1. 表面的,外观的;未必真实的 2. 明显的;明白无误的 [例句]: It was apparent that he was in no condition to travel. 他的健康状况显然不宜旅行。 12.appeal: vi. 1. 呼吁,恳求 2. 诉诸,求助 (+to) vt. 将...上诉,对...上诉 n. 呼吁,请求 [例句]:

He appealed to me for help. 他向我求援。 He appealed his case to a higher court. 他向上一级法院申诉。 13. applaud: v. 拍手喝采,称赞,赞同 [例句]: I applaud your decision.我赞成你的决定。 You look into others' eyes as if they are mirrors and if they appreciate you, applaud you, you feel good.你注视着其他人的眼睛,好像他们是镜子,如果他们欣赏你, 为你鼓掌,你感觉才会良好。 14. apply: v. 应用,申请,涂 [例句]: I advise that they apply to the council for a home improvement grant. 我建议他们向 市政会申请改善住房的贷款。 Exactly the same concepts apply to software objects. 同样的概念正好适用于软件对 象。 15. appoint: v. 任命,指定 [例句]: As a top manager, he should appoint none but people on their merit. 作为一位总经 理,他应该任人为贤。 16. appreciate:

v. 欣赏,感激,赏识 v. 增值 v. 领会,充分意识 [例句]: We really appreciate it.我们实在很感激。 17.? approach : n. 途径,方法 v. 靠近,接近,动手处理 [例句]: All the approaches to the palace were guarded by troops. 通往宫殿的所有道路都有 部队把守。 We need a new approach to this problem. 对这个难题,我们需要一个新的方法。 18.? appropriate: adj. 适当的 v. 拨出(款项) [例句]: Upon reaching an appropriate age, children are encouraged, but not forced, to "leave the nest" .一达到适当的年龄,孩子们就被鼓励,而不是被强迫,"离开老窝"。 19. approve: v. 赞同,核准,证实 [例句]: From this view, you can view and approve or reject new requests.您可以从该视图查

看、批准或拒绝新请求。 20. approximate: adj. 大约的,近似的 v. 接近,约等于 [例句]: This is just an approximate figure. 这仅仅是个大概数字。 21. arbitrary: adj. 任意的,恣意的,专制的 [例句]: An arbitrary order or decree. 任意发布的命令或法令 22. arouse : vt. 1. 唤起;激动,使奋发 2. 激起...的情欲 vi1. 激动,发奋 2. 醒来 [例句]: You aroused my curiosity. 你引起了我的好奇心。 23. arrest: vt. 1. 逮捕;拘留 2. 阻止,制止 n. 逮捕;拘留 [例句]: He was arrested on a charge of murder. 他因谋杀罪被捕。

24. artificial:

adj. 1. 人工的,人造的;假的 2. 矫揉造作的,不自然的 [例句]: The room was decorated with artificial flowers. 房间用人造花装饰。 25. aspiration: n. 1. 热望,志向,抱负 2. 渴望达到的目的 [例句]: He has no aspiration for fame or gain. 他不图名利。 26. aspire: vi. 1. 热望,向往;怀有大志 [例句]: The boy aspired to become an engineer. 这男孩渴望成为工程师。 27. assemble: vt. 1. 集合,召集,聚集 2. 收集 vi. 集合,聚集,集会 [例句]: Over 10,000 people were assembled at the airport to honor the President's visit. 有一 万多人聚集在机场欢迎总统来访。 28. assess: vt.1. (为征税)估定(财产)的价值 2. 确定(税、罚款、赔偿金等)的金额 [例句]: The value of this property was assessed at one million dollars. 这财产的价值估定为 一百万元。

29. assign: vt. 1. 分配,分派 2. 派定,指定,选派 [例句]: Each overseas teacher was assigned a flat. 每位外籍教师都分配到一套房间。 30. assist: vt. 1. 帮助,协助 2. 支持,促进 vi. 1. 帮助,协助 2. 参加 [例句]:

We asked him to assist us in designing a new bridge. 我们请他帮助我们设计一座新 桥。 Part 3

1. associate: n. 同伴,伙伴 v. 联合,联想 adj. 副的 [例句]: I don't want to associate myself with them any more. 我不愿再和他们交往了。 What do you associate with summer? 对于夏天你有什么联想? 2. assume: vt1. 以为;假定为;(想当然地)认为 2. 承担;就任;取得

vi. 1. 装腔作势 2. 多管闲事 [例句]: I assumed that he had gone for a stroll. 我想他去散步了。 The prince assumed power when he was only fifteen. 王子在十五岁时就掌权了。 3. assure: vt. 1. 向...保证,担保 2. 使确信,使放心 [例句]: I can assure you of the reliability of the information. 我向你保证这消息可靠 4. astonish: vt. 使吃惊,使惊讶 [例句]: We were astonished at the news of her sudden death. 她突然去世的消息使我们震 惊。 5. attach: vt. 1. 装上,贴上,系上 2. 使依附;使附属 vi. 1. 附属;附加 2. 归属 [例句]: He'll attach the label to your luggage. 他会把标签系在你的行李上。 6. attain: vi. 1. 达到;获得 2. 到达 n. 成就,造诣 [例句]:

They are not likely to attain this aim. 他们未必能够达到这一目标。 7. attempt: vt1. 试图;企图;试图做 2. 试图攻占 n. 1. 企图,尝试 2. 攻击 [例句]: He made an attempt on the world record. 他试图打破世界纪录。 8. attribute: vt. 1. 把...归因于;把...归咎于 2. 认为...是某人所有 [例句]: He attributed his good health to exercise. 他认为自己之所以身体好是因为运动。 Do you think it proper to attribute weakness to women? 你觉得把软弱当作女性的属 性适当吗? 9. available: adj. 可用的,有效的,空闲的 [例句]: Several cars are available within this price range.在这个价格范围内,有好几种汽车 可供选购。 10. aware: a. 知道的,意识到的 [例句]: Their sudden attack made us more aware of the danger around us.他们突然的攻击使 我们更加注意我们周围的危险。

11. awkward: adj. 1. 笨拙的;不熟练的,不灵巧的 2. 使用不便的;难操纵的 [例句]: She is still awkward with chopsticks. 她用筷子还不熟练。 12. ban: n1. 禁止;禁令 2. 褫夺公权的判决(或公告) vt. 1. 禁止,取缔 2. 诅咒,将...逐出教门 [例句]: The police lifted the ban against parking in this street. 警察取消了不准在这条街上 停车的禁令。 They threatened to ban the book. 他们威胁要禁止该书。 13. bare: adj 1. 裸的 2. 光秃秃的 vt1. 使赤裸;露出 2. 揭露;透露 [例句]: The child was bare to the waist. 那孩子打赤膊。 14. barely: ad. 1. 仅仅,勉强;几乎没有 2. 贫乏地;光秃秃地 [例句]: He has barely enough money to live on. 他的钱仅够勉强维持生计。 The room was furnished barely but neatly. 房间陈设十分简陋,但很整洁。 15. barrier:

n. 1. 障碍物;路障,栅栏 2. 障碍,阻碍 [例句]: They soon overcame the language barrier. 不久他们便克服了语言上的障碍。 16.? behalf: n. 利益 [例句]: The agent spoke on behalf of his principal. 代理人代表他的委托人说话。 17. behave: vi. 1. 表现,行为举止 2. 行为检点,听话,表现好 vt. 1. 使检点,使守规矩 2. 使表现得... [例句]: The young lady behaved courageously in the face of danger. 那位年轻女士面对危险 表现得十分勇敢。 Behave yourself! 规矩点! 18. behavior: n.1. 行为,举止;态度 2. (机器等的)运转状态,性能 [例句]: The aircraft's behavior was satisfactory on its first test flight. 那架飞机在第一次试飞 时运转情况令人满意。 19. belief: n. 1. 相信;信任,信赖 2. 信念,看法 [例句]:

My father hadn't much belief in doctors of traditional Chinese medicine. 我父亲不太 相信中医。 20. benefit: n1. 利益,好处;优势 2. 津贴,救济金 vt. 对...有益,有益于 vi. 得益,受惠 [例句]: The sea air will benefit you. 海边的空气对你有益。 21. besides: ad. 1. 此外,而且,加之 2. 在其他方面 prep. 在...之外,除...之外 [例句]: What has he done, besides reading the paper? 除了看报,他还做了什么? 22. betray: vt. 1. 背叛;出卖;对...不忠 2. 泄漏,透露 [例句]: That man is capable of betraying his friends. 那家伙会出卖朋友。

23.boast: vi. 1. 自吹自擂;夸耀 vt.1. 自吹自擂说,吹嘘? 2. (指物)以有...而自豪;拥有,包含

n. 1. 自吹,牛皮,大话? 2. 引以为荣的事物 [例句]: Our school library boasts quite a few rare books. 我们学校图书馆以藏有好多珍本 书而自豪 24.bold: a.1. 英勇的,无畏的;大胆的 2. 放肆的,厚颜无耻的 [例句]: Mr. Jordan made a bold speech. 乔丹先生做了一次大胆的演讲。 25. boost: n.1. 一举,一抬;一推 2. 推动;帮助;促进 vt. 1. 举,抬;推 2. 推动;促进;为...作宣传 [例句]: He gave me a boost over the fence. 他抬我一把助我翻越篱笆。 a boost to their morale 对他们士气的激励 boost a program 为一项纲领作宣传 26. bound: bound1(bind 的过去式和过去分词) bound2 a. 1. 被缚住的;受束缚的 2. 装订好的,装有封面的 3. 非做不可的,有义务的 vi. 1. 跳跃;跳起 vt. 1. 使跳跃 2. 使弹 [例句]:

I felt bound to mention it. 我觉得非提到这一点不行。 27. boundary: n. 1. 边界,分界线 2. 界限,范围 [例句]: The river is the boundary between the two countries. 这条河是两国的分界线。 28. bribe: n.贿赂;行贿物,诱饵 vt.向...行贿;收买 vi.行贿 [例句]: The official was dismissed from office for taking bribes. 这官员因受贿被免职。 29. brief: a.1. 短暂的 2. 简略的,简短的 n. 1. 概要;诉书? 2. 短而紧的内裤 vt. 1. 简报 2. 作...的提要 [例句]: He arose and made a brief speech. 他站起身来作了一个简短的演讲。 30. burst: vi. 1. 爆炸;破裂? 2. 冲,闯 vt. 使爆炸;使破裂 n .1. 爆炸;破裂 2. 缺口,裂口 [例句]:

The balloon burst. 气球爆炸了。 Her door was thrust open, and Mrs. Page burst in. 她的门被猛地推开,佩奇太太冲了 进来。 Part 4

1. campaign: n. 1. 战役 2. 运动,活动 vi. 1 从事运动? 2. 参加竞选 [例句]: The campaign to seize the city was a failure. 攻占这个城市的战役失败了。 The city hall is planning to start a campaign against smoking. 市政府计划发起禁烟 运动。 2. cancel: vt. 1. 删去,划掉;勾销,盖销(邮票等)? 2. 取消,废除;中止 vi. 1. 【数】相约,相消?? 2. 互相抵消 n. 1. 删除;取消;撤销? 2. 轧票钳,打孔器 [例句] The game was cancelled because of the rain. 比赛因为下雨而取消了。 3. capable: a.1. 有...的能力,能够(做)...的 2. 有能力的,能干的,有才华的 [例句] The girl is capable of doing it. 这女孩能办此事。

He is a very capable administrator. 他是个十分能干的行政人员。 4. capacity: n.1. 容量,容积? 2. 能量,生产力 [例句] The theater has a seating capacity of 800. 这个剧场可容纳八百名观众。 5. capital: n. 1. 首都;首府;省会 2. (某种工业,活动等集中的)重要都市 3. 资本;本钱 a. 可处死刑的;致命的 [例句] Dublin is the capital of Ireland. 都柏林是爱尔兰的首都。 The corporation has enough capital to build another factory. 这家公司有足够的资金 来兴建另一家工厂。 There is no capital punishment in some countries. 有些国家没有死刑。 6.cater : v. 备办食物,投合,迎合 [例句] Some tabloid newspapers cater to low tastes.有些小报迎合低级趣味。 7. champion: n. 冠军,拥护者 v. 保卫,拥护 [例句] My boss asked me to write a profile for the new tennis champion.

我上司让我给这位新网球冠军写篇小传。 8. channel: n. 通道,频道,海峡 v. 引导,开导,形成河道 [例句] This channel comes on the air every morning at 7 am.这个频道每天早晨 7 点钟开始 播放. 9. charge: n. 电荷,指控,费用 v. 控诉,加罪于,要价,赊帐,充电,管理 [例句] Yes, but no charge for the savings.要收的,但储蓄账户不收服务费. 10. chase: n. 追求,狩猎 v. 追捕,追逐,在金属上打花样 [例句] Why do modern people chase material possessions?为什么现在的人们追求物质财 富? 11. cheat: n. 骗子,欺骗行为 v. 欺骗,作弊 [例句]

Who can cheat death with gold?谁可以用黄金欺骗死亡? 12. cherish : v. 珍爱,抚育,珍藏 [例句] She will forever cherish you.她将永远地珍爱你。 13. chief: a. 主要的,首席的 n. 首领 [例句] Grain is their chief export.他们主要出口谷类。 14. circumstance: n. 环境,状况,事件 [例句] He was forced by the circumstances to do this.他做此事是为环境所迫。 15. cite: v. 引用,引证,例证 [例句] The devil can cite Scripture for his own purpose. 魔鬼也能引经据典为自己辩护。 16. civil: a. 国内的,公民的,国民的 [例句] Voting is the exercise of a civil right. 投票是行使一项公民权利。

17. claim: n. 要求,要求权 v. 要求,请求,主张,声称,说明 [例句] The matter claimed our serious attention.这件事需要我们认真注意。 18. cling: v. 粘紧,附~,紧贴 [例句] Little children always cling to their mothers.小孩子总是紧依着母亲。 19. coherent: a. 互相密合著的,凝聚性的,连贯的 [例句] I devised a coherent system for living.我设计了一个连贯的生活体系。 20. coincide: v. 与...一致,符合,暗合 [例句] On the whole their views coincide.总的说来,他们的观点相同。 21. collapse: n. 崩溃,倒塌 v. 倒塌,崩溃,瓦解 [例句] The whole building collapsed.整个建筑倒塌了。

22. collide: v. 碰撞,互撞,砥触 [例句] As the bus turned the corner, it collided with a van.公共汽车转过拐角时与客货车相 撞. 23. combine: n. 集团,联合收割机 v. 化合,结合,联合 [例句] Two atoms of hydrogen combine with one atom of oxygen to form a molecule of water. 两个氢原子和一个氧原子结合而成一个水分子。 24. comfortable: adj. 舒适的 [例句] Were it not for science, we could not live a comfortable live. 若非科学,我们无法过着舒适的生活。 25. category: n.1. 种类;部属;类目 2. 【数】范畴,类型 3. 分类 4. 范畴 [例句] The strings are a category of musical instruments. 弦乐器是乐器的一种。 26. command: n. 命令,指挥,控制

v. 命令,指挥,支配 [例句] The army is under the king's direct command.军队由国王直接统率。 27. commence: v. 开始 [例句] I commence from this point.我从此点开始。 28. commission : n. 委任状,任官令,佣金 v. 委任,委托,使服役 [例句] I got flu and was out of commission for a week.我得了流感,一星期没工作。 29. commit: v. 委托(托付),犯罪,作...事,承诺 [计算机] 委托 [例句] Not to commit mistake is impossible.不犯错误是不可能的。 30. commitment: n. 委托,实行,承诺,保证(律)拘禁令 n. 奉献,献身 [例句] The commitment of the love, should I believe?爱情的承诺,我是否应该相信?

Commitment plays a key role in the success of most relationships.承诺在大多数成功 的关系中扮演著关键的角色。 Part 5

1. committee: n. 委员会 [例句] He attended a series of important committee meetings.他参加了一连串重要的委员会 议。 2. commonplace: n. 常事,老生常谈,普通的东西 adj. 平凡的,陈腐的 [例句] Travelling to moon will be a commonplace before long.不久人类去月球旅行将是很 平常的事. 3. compatible: adj. 能共处的,可并立的,适合 [计算机] 相兼容的 [例句] Health and hard work are compatible. 健康与努力工作是一致的。 4. compel:

v. 强迫,迫使 [例句] His cleverness and skill compel our admiration.他的聪明和技巧使我们赞叹不已。 5. compensate: v. 偿还,补偿,付报酬 [例句] Who will compensate for the losses?谁将赔偿损失? 6. competent: adj. 有能力的,胜任的,足够的 [例句] Mom is a good mother, but also be a competent teacher!妈妈是一位好母亲,又是一 位称职的教师! 7. complain: v. 抱怨,悲叹,控诉 [例句] Stop grumbling! You've got nothing to complain about.别抱怨了! 你没什麽可抱怨 的. 8. complaint: n. 抱怨 [例句] You have no real grounds for complaint.你没有真正的理由发牢骚。 9. complement:

n. 补足物,补语,余角 v. 补助 [例句] His business skill complements her flair for design.他的经营技巧和她的设计才能相 辅相成。 10. complicated: adj. 复杂的,难懂的 [例句] Who are we in this complicated world?在这个复杂的世界,我们又是谁? 11. comply: v. 顺从,答应 [例句] Secondly, local authorities should educate people in every possible way to comply with traffic regulations.其次,地方当局应该用各种可能的方法来教育人民遵守交 通规则。 12. component: n. 元件,组件,成份 adj. 组成的,构成的 [例句] Each component is carefully checked before assembly.每个零件在装配前都经过仔 细检查. 13. compose:

v. 组成,写作,作曲 [例句] Water is composed of hydrogen and oxygen.水由氢和氧组成。 14. compound: n. 混合物,复合字 a. 复合的,混合的,合成的 v. 混合,调合,妥协 [例句] Air is a mixture, not a compound, of gases.空气是多种气体的混合物,不是化合物. 15. comprehend: vt. 充分理解(综合,包含) [例句] The unconscious is a piece of Nature our mind cannot comprehend.无意识是大自然 的一部分,我们的心理无法领悟它。 16. comprehensive: adj. 综合的,广泛的,理解的 [例句] We have a rather comprehensive subway system here.我们这儿有相当完善的地铁系 统, 17. comprise: v. 包含 [例句]

The United States comprises fifty states.美国是由五十个州组成的。 18. compromise: n. 妥协,折衷,折衷案 v. 妥协处理,危害 v. 妥协,让步 [例句] To ensure the safety of drinking water, there can be no room for compromise.为了保 证饮用水的安全,不能有任何的妥协方案。 19. conceal: v. 隐藏 [例句] The highest art is to conceal art.最高深的技能是隐藏的技能。 20. conceive: v. 构思,以为,怀孕 [例句] I cannot conceive that he would wish to harm us.我不能想像他会伤害我们. 21. concerning: prep. 关于 [例句] I still have some questions concerning our contract.就合同方面,我还是有些问题要 问。 22. conclude:

v. 结束,作结论,推断 [例句] From these observations we conclude that the moon has little or no atmosphere.由这 些观察,我们确信月球很少或根本没有大气层。 23. conduct: n. 行为,举动,品行 vt. 引导,指挥,管理 vt. 导电,传热 [例句] I blush to think of such conduct .想起这样的行为,我感到羞愧。 24. confer: v. 赠予,协议 [例句] Jogging will confer striking benefits.慢跑会带来明显益处。 25. confess: v. 承认,告白,忏悔 [例句] He confessed that he had never seen her before.他承认以前从未见过她。 26. confident: adj. 确信的,自信的 [例句] I feel confident that we will win.我确信我们将胜利。

27. confine: v. 限制,闭居 [例句] I am sick, I have to confine to bed.我病了, 我得卧床休息。 Don't confine your learning only to class.不要把自己的学习只局限于课堂。 28. confirm: v. 确定,批准,证实 [例句] Before you confirm design of this products, you should research the market carefully. 在确定该产品的设计方案之前,你需要仔细研究一下市场。 29. conflict: n. 冲突,矛盾,争执 v. 争执,撞斗,冲突 [例句] Something is bound to happen one way or another to end the conflict or solve the problem.事情一定以某种方式发生以结束冲突或解决难题。 30. conform: v. 使一致,遵守,使顺从 [例句] She left home to escape the pressure to conform to her family's way of life.她离家出 走以求摆脱她家生活方式对她的束缚 Part 6

1. confront: v. 面对,对抗,遭遇 [例句] Are you ready to confront the future?您是否已经准备好面对未来? 2. conquer: v. 克服,征服,战胜 [例句] He set out to conquer the literary world of London.他决心赢得伦敦文学界的赞誉。 3. conscience: n. 良心 [例句] Do you have a conscience? 你有没有良心/良知? 4. conscious: adj. 神志清醒的,意识到的,自觉的,有意的 [例句] He was conscious of his guilt.他自知有罪。 5. consent: n. 同意,许可 v. 同意,承诺 [例句]

Law is an utterance determined by the common consent of the people.法律是全体公 民一致同意所决定的意见之表达。 6. consequent: adj. 作为结果的,随之发生的 [例句] This fall of prices is consequent on the rise in production.这次价格下降是生产提高 的结果。 7. considerable: adj. 相当的,可观的,重要的 [例句] She is a woman with considerable culture.是一个文化修养很高的女子。 8. considering: v. 考虑,顾及,认为 prep. 以...看到,考虑到,顾及 [例句] We are considering organizing an outing this weekend.我们在考虑本周末组织一次 郊游. 9. consist: v. 组成,存在,一致 [例句] Health does not consist with intemperance.健康和酗酒不能相容。 10. constant:

a. 经常的,不变的 n. 常数,恒量 [例句] To live is a constant process of relating.活着是一个持续不断的关联过程。 11. constitute: v. 构成,组成,任命 [例句] The defeat constitutes a major set-back for our diplomacy.这次失败是我们外交上的 重大挫折。 12. constrain: v. 强迫,勉强,驱使 [例句] Cold weather constrains the plant's growth.寒冷的天气抑制了植物的生长。 13. consult: v. 商讨,向...请教,查阅 [例句] You had better consult a doctor soon.你最好快点去看医生。 14. consume: v. 消耗,消费,饮食;毁灭;消磨;枯萎 [例句] The fire soon consumed the wooden buildings.大火很快就把那些木制建筑物烧毁 了。

Arguing about details consumed many hours of the committee's valuable time. 争论细节问题耗费了委员会数小时宝贵的时间。 15. contemplate: v. 注视,沉思,打算 [例句] It terrified me to contemplate the consequence of your action. 想到你行动的后果,我就感到害怕。 16. contemporary: n. 同时代的人 adj. 同时代的,同时,属于同一时期的 [例句] My parents think that the contemporary young people have no respect for authority. 我父母认为现在的年轻人不尊重权威。 17. context: n. 上下文 n. 环境,背景 [例句] In the context of this book, a debug monitor.在这本书的上下文中, 是指调试监控器。 18. continuous: adj. 连续的,继续的,连棉不断的 [例句] The continuous wet weather has sprouted the barley .连续下雨的天气已使大麦发芽

了。 19. contract: n. 合约,婚约,立约 v. 缩短,缩小 v. 订约 [例句] We must draw up a contract.我们必须草拟一份合同。 20. contradict: v. 反驳,顶触,矛盾 [例句] Don't contradict your father. 别和你父亲犟嘴。 21. contrary: a. 相反的 ad. 相反的(地) n. 反面,相反 [例句] I will go on with my work unless I get the order to the contrary.我将继续工作直到我 得到相反的命令。 22. controversial: adj. 引起争论的,有争议的 [例句]

I know this is controversial.我知道这是有争议的。 23. controversy: n. 争论,争议 [例句] The specification of this residual element is still a matter of controversy.关于这种遗 留下来的要素的说明仍是一个争论的问题。 24. convention: n. 大会,协定,惯例 [例句] We are scornful of the forces of convention.我们藐视习惯势力。 25. conventional: adj. 普通的,常见的,习惯的,常规的 [例句] He began to take a great interest in conventional medicine. 他开始对传统医药学产生了极大的兴趣。 26. converse: n. 相反的事物,倒,逆向 a. 相反的,逆向的,倒的 v. 交谈,谈话 [例句] Would you give me half an hour to converse with you?我想跟你谈谈, 半小时就行. It is possible, of course, that the converse of this theory may also be true.

当然该原理的逆命题也有可能成立。 27. convert: v. 使转变,使...改变信仰,倒置 n. 皈依者,改宗者 [例句] You must convert it into dynamic energy by the power of your thought.你必须通过思 想的力量将它们转化成为动态的能量。 28. convey: v. 传达,运输,转移 [例句] Songs to convey the concept of"Contentment”.歌曲要传达的概念是“知足” 。 29. convince: v. 说服,使...相信 [例句] Please convince him of this.请说服他相信这一点。 30. cooperate: v. 合作,协力 [例句] I am so happy to cooperate with you.很高兴与你合作。 Part 7

1. coordinate:

n. 同等的人物,同位格 adj. 同等的,等位的 v. 协调,整合,综合 [例句] You must coordinate what you said with what you did.你必须使你的言行一致。 2. corporate: adj.社团的, 法人的, 共同的, 全体的 n.法人 ,公司 [例句] The owner opened a corporate checking account at the bank.公司老板在银行开了一 个法人账户。 3. correspond: v. 符合,通信,相当 [例句] We've corresponded with each other for years but I've never actually met him.我们已 (互相)通信多年了, 可是我从未见过他本人. 4. corrupt: a. 腐败的,贪污的,败德的 v. 使...腐烂,使...恶化 [例句] Cast out your corrupt thoughts.抛弃一切堕落的杂念! 5. crash:

n. 轰隆声,猛撞,崩溃,破产,垮台 v. 撞碎,猛使...破碎,迫降 [例句] The rocks crashed (down) onto the car. 岩石轰隆一声砸在汽车上. He attempted to suicide after the crash. 他在公司破产后曾试图自杀。 6. creative: a. 创造性的 [例句] The school encourages free expression in art, drama and creative writing.学校鼓励师 生在艺术、 戏剧和文学创作上自由发挥. 7. creature: n. 生物,动物,人 [例句] Man is the only creature that is gifted with speech.人类是唯一被赋予语言能力的动 物。 8. credit: n. 信用,荣誉,贷款,学分 v. 归功于,赞颂,信任 [例句] This store does not give credit.

本店概不赊欠。 I gave her credit for being sensible. 我称赞她很明智。 9. crisis: n. 危急关头,危机 [例句] No one can solve that crisis.没人能够解决这个危机。 10. critic: n. 批评家,评论家 [例句] He has a reputation for being a forthright critic.他是以直率著称的评论家. 11. critical: a. 批评的,决定性的,危险的,挑剔的 a. 临界的 [例句] The reforms of enterprises are now at the critical moment. 现在企业的改革正处在紧要关头。 12. criticism: n. 批评,评论 [例句] If children live with criticism, they learn to condemn.当孩子们生活在批判中,他们 学会苛责。

13. criticize: v. 批评,吹毛求疵,非难 [例句] Any fool can criticize, condemn, and complain - and most fools do.任何傻瓜能批评, 谴责和抱怨-并且多数傻瓜会。 14. crucial: adj. 关键的,决定性的 [例句] A crucial problem.非常重要的问题 15. crush: n. 压碎,粉碎,群众 v. 压破,征服,冲入 [例句] Her refusal crushed all our hopes. 她一拒绝,我的希望就全都破灭了。 16. cultivate: v. 培养,耕作,栽培 [例句] But you need to cultivate your observation.但你需要培养你的观察力。 17. curb: n. 抑制,勒马绳,边石,路缘 v. 抑制,束缚,勒住

[例句] But instead, many governments are resorting to price controls and government subsides to curb inflation.但是许多政府采取控制价格和政府补贴的手段来抑制通 货膨胀。 18. current: n. (水、气、电)流,趋势 adj. 流通的,现在的,最近的 [例句] This word is no longer in current use. 这个词现在已经不再使用。 The swimmer was swept away by the current.那个游泳的人被激流卷走了。 19. curse: v./n. 诅咒,咒骂 [例句] She cursed him for ruining her life. 她诅咒他,说他毁了她的一生。 Beauty is a Gift or Curse? 美丽是天赋礼物或诅咒? 20. custom: n. 习惯,风俗,海关 [例句] We have to pass the custom before we leave.我们必须通过海关检查后方能离开。

21. desert: n. 沙漠 v. 放弃,遗弃 [例句] The guard deserted his post. 卫兵擅自离开了他的岗位。 Never desert a friend in need. 决不要抛弃有困难的朋友。 22. dare: n. 挑战,挑动 v. 敢,胆敢 [例句] How dare you call my lawyer? 你怎么敢打电话叫我的律师。 23. deaf: a. 聋的 [例句] I'm a little deaf, please articulate your words carefully. 我有些耳聋,请把话仔细地说清楚。 24. debate: n. 辩论,讨论 v. 辩论

[例句] This point has no room to debate.这一点是没有争论余地的。 25. debt: n. 债务 [例句] But some people get deep into debt.但有些人也深陷于债务之中。 26. decade: n. 十年 [例句] For more than a decade.已超过十年了。 27. decay: n. 衰退,腐败 v. 衰退,腐败 [例句] This industry has been in decay for some time.这一行业进入衰败期已有一段时间。 28. deceit: n. 欺骗 [例句] Your deceit shall not pass without notice. It will not be forgiven.你的欺骗行为不会没 人知道。那将是不可原谅的。 29. deceive: v. 欺骗,行骗

[例句] Do not steal. Do not lie. Do not deceive one another. 你们不可偷盗,不可欺骗,也不可彼此说谎。 30. declare: v. 宣布,声明,申报 [例句] “I'm not coming with you and that's final!” declared Mary.`我不跟你去--这是最 後决定!'玛丽郑重地说 Part 8

1. decline: n. 衰微,跌落 v. 降低,婉谢 [例句] Is Japan the only country with a population decline?日本是唯一人口数下降的国家 吗? 2. decorate: v. 装饰,装修 [例句] My mother likes to decorate rooms.我妈妈非常喜欢装饰房间。 3. dedicate: v. 献出

[例句] She dedicated her first book to her husband.她把自己的第一本书献给了丈夫。 4. deduce: v. 推论,演绎出 [例句] From the presence of so many people at the party, we can deduce that it is a welcomed one.从参加聚会的人数之多我们可以看出,这次聚会是受人欢迎的。 5. deem: v. 认为,相信 [例句] I deem him a fool.我认为他是个傻瓜。 6. defend: v. 防护,辩护,防卫 [例句] We need some lawyers to defend us.我们需要几个律师为我们辩护。 7. define: vt. 定义,解释 [例句] Definitions should not be more difficult to understand than the words they define.词语 的定义不应比所解释的词语更难理解. 8. definite: a. 明确的,一定的

[例句] You have our definite support. 我们绝对支持您。 9. deliberate: adj. 故意的,深思熟虑的 v. 仔细考虑 vt. 研讨 [例句] It had more the appearance of a deliberate crime than an accident. 那很像是蓄意的罪行, 而不像是意外的事故. 10. delicate: a. 细致优雅的,微妙的,美味的 [例句] She wears a dress with delicate lace. 她穿了一件带有精致花边的裙子。 11. delight: n. 快乐,高兴 vi. 给与乐趣,使高兴 vt. 使高兴 [例句] She clapped her hands in delight. 她高兴地拍手。

12. deliver: v. 递送,表达,释放,交付,接生 [例句] They prayed to God to deliver them from danger.他们祈求上帝把他们从危险中拯救 出来。 13. demonstrate: v. 示范,演示,证明,示威 [例句] Can you demonstrate how to use this machine?你能示范如何使用这台机器吗? 14. denote: v. 指示,表示 [例句] This word denotes a certain kind of animal.这个词是一种野兽的名称。 15. dependent: adj. 依靠的,依赖的 [例句] Is the world too dependent on oil?世界真是太依赖于石油了吗? 16. depress: v. 使...沮丧,压低 [例句] I feel depressed.我感到沮丧。 17. deprive:

v. 剥夺 [例句] If you do not drive carefully, I shall be obliged to deprive you of your licence. 如果您不谨慎驾驶,我将不得不没收您的执照。 18. derive: v. 得自,起源,引申于 [例句] We derive great pleasure from reading. 从阅读中得到极大的乐趣. 19. descend: v. 降,传 [例句] My sister's family is descending on us this weekend.想不到我姐姐一家本周末要到 我们这里来 20. deserve: vi. 应该得到 vt. 应受,值得 [例句] You deserve it.这是你应得的。 21. desirable: adj. 令人想要的 [例句]

It is desirable that atomic energy should be used for peaceful purpose.原子能应该为 了和平的目的而使用,这是合乎情理的。 22. despair: n. 绝望,失望 [例句] He has been in the abyss of despair. 他已陷入绝望的深渊。 23.destruction: n. 破坏,毁灭 [例句] We all mourn the destruction of a well-loved building.我们都为毁掉心爱的建筑物而 痛惜. 24. detail: n. 细节,详情 vt.详述,详细说明 [例句] He tells us the accident in detail. 他详细地把事故讲给我们听。 25. detect: v. 发现 [例句] A smoke detector detect the presence of smoke.烟尘探测器可探测是否存在烟雾。

26. determine: v. 决定,决心要 [例句] The exam results could determine your career.考试成绩可能会决定你的前途。 27. deviate: v. 脱离,出轨 [例句] If the multitude ever deviate into the right, it is always for the wrong reason.纵使大众 也曾偏向正途也罢,那总是出于错误的原因。 28. device: n. 装置,设计,策略,设备 [例句] The device will be in production by the end of the year.该装置将於年底投入生产. 29. devote: v. 投入于,献身 [例句] He thinks we should not devote any more time on this issue.他认为我们不应该再在 这个问题上多花时间了。 30. differentiate: v. 区别,差别 [例句] One character is not clearly differentiated from another.人物之间的区别没有明显刻

划出来 Part 9

1. diffuse : v. 散播 [例句] Translucence gives the material the ability to transmit and diffuse light.半透明给予材 质以传送和散播光的能力。 2. dimension : n. 尺寸,次元,容积,维度 [例句] There is another dimension to this problem which you haven't considered.这个问题还 有你尚未考虑到的另一个方面。 3. diminish : v. 减少,变小 [例句] His illness diminished his health.疾病侵蚀了他的健康。 4. disappear : v. 消失 [例句] The sun disappeared behind a cloud.太阳消失在一片云后面。 5. disappoint :

v. 使...失望 [例句] These errors on your part cause us to disappoint our important customers.你方的这些 差错导致我方使一些重要的客户失望。 6. disappointed : adj. 失望的 [例句] I was more disappointed than discouraged.我是失望,而不是泄气。 7. disappointing : adj. 令人失望的 [例句] It was a disappointing exam result.考试成绩是令人失望的。 8. disastrous : adj. 灾难性的 [例句] A disastrous fire caused loss of life and property.一场灾难性的火灾造成生命财产的 损失。 9. discard : n. 丢弃,扔掉 v. 丢弃,抛弃 [例句] History discarded him.他被历史所抛弃。

10. disclose : v. 揭露 [例句] He refused to disclose his name and address .他拒绝透露自己的姓名和地址。 11. discount : n. 折扣,贴现率 v. 打折扣,贴现 [例句] These goods will be sold at a discount.这些货物将减价出售。 12. discourage : v. 使气馁,阻碍 [例句] A new law has been brought in to discourage racial prejudice.一项反对种族歧视的新 法律已被提出。 13. discriminate : v. 区别,差别待遇 [例句] Death does not discriminate; it comes to everyone.死亡对每个人都一视同仁, 它会降 临到每个人的身上。 14. disgust : n. 厌恶,嫌恶 v. 令人厌恶

[例句] She turned away in disgust. 她厌恶地转过脸去。 15. disgusting : adj. 令人厌恶 [例句] The bad fish had a disgusting smell.这条坏鱼有一股令人作呕的气味。 16. disillusion : n. 觉醒,幻减 v. 醒悟,使幻想破减 [例句] She still believes in Santa Claus and it would be cruel to disillusion her.她仍然相信有 圣诞老人, 要是使她这一幻想破灭就於心不忍了. 17. dismiss : v. 解散,开除 [例句] The boss threatened to dismiss him from his job, but it's all a bluff.老板威胁说要解雇 他,但这不过是恐吓而已。 18. displace : v. 移置,替换 [例句] Moderates have displaced the extremists on the committee.在委员会中,稳健派人士

取代了激进派人士。 19. display : n. 显示,陈列,炫耀 v. 显示,表现,夸示 [例句] There are so many fancy cars on display here that I don't know which to buy.有这么多 的豪华汽车在此展出,我不知要买哪一辆才好。 20. disposal : n. 处理,消除,销毁,处置 [例句] He has too many things at his disposal to go home early.有太多事要他处理,使他不 能早点回家。 21. dispose : v. 处理,处置,销毁 [例句] I must dispose of the trouble.我必须摆脱麻烦。 22. dispute : n. 争论 v. 争论 [例句] His honesty is beyond dispute. 他的诚实是无可争议的。

23. disregard : n. 忽视 v. 忽视,不顾 [例句] He shows ruthless disregard for other people's feelings.他对别人的感情漠不关心。 24. distinct : adj. (from)独特的,不同的,明显的,清楚的 [例句] Those two ideas are quite distinct from each other.这两种观点截然不同。 25. distinguish : v. 区别,辨别,表现突出 [例句] Speeches distinguish human beings from animals.人类和动物的区别在于人会说话。 26. distort : v. 扭曲 [例句] How dare he distort the facts so brazenly!他怎么敢如此肆无忌惮地歪曲事实! 27. distribute : v. 分配,散布 [例句] Some types of plants are widely distributed.有些植物分布得很广。 28. dive :

n. 潜水,跳水 v. 跳水,俯冲 [例句] Throw your arms out in front of you as you dive.跳水时手臂迅速前伸. 29. diverse : adj. 不同的,相异的,多种多样的 [例句] And China is a great country, scenic, rich with history and diverse cultures.中国是个 伟大的国家,风景优美,有丰富的历史和多样的文化。 30. divert : v. 转移 [例句] A loud noise diverted my attention.一阵喧闹声转移了我们的注意力。 Part 10

1. divorce: n. 离婚 v. 与...办离婚 [例句] The classmates discriminated against him because of his parents' divorce.由于父母的 离异, 他遭到了同班同学的歧视。 2. domain:

n. 领域 [例句] This question comes into the domain of philosophy. 这一问题属于哲学范畴。 3. domestic : adj. 国内的,家庭的,驯养的 n. 家仆,佣人 [例句] This is domestic news. 这是国内新闻。 4. dominate : v. 支配,占优势 [例句] The stronger man dominates the weaker. 强者支配弱者。 5. drawback: n. 不利点,退税 [例句] Lack of fund can be a drawback if you wanted to invest in a sure thing.如果你要对确 有把握的事投资,资金短缺会是个障碍。 6. duty: n.责任,职责;税,关税 [例句] It's our duty to protect the saplings.保护树苗是我们的责任。

You have to pay duty on this.你必须为这项物品缴付税金。 7. dwarf: n. 矮子,侏儒 [例句] "I would give my life," said the dwarf. 侏儒说: “我愿意付出我的生命。 ” 8. dwell: v. 居住; 细说; [例句] Don't dwell on past failures.不要老是想着过去的失败。 9. dynamic: adj. 动态的,有动力的,有力的 [例句] This is a dynamic world. 这是一个不断变化的世界。 10. ease: n. 安乐,安逸,悠闲 v. 使...安乐,使...安心,减轻,放松 [例句] How to ease psychological pressure?怎样减轻心理的压力? 11. edge: n. 边,边缘,优势 v. 侧身移动,挤进

[例句] They have lost the edge.他们已经失去了优势。 12. elastic : adj. 有弹性的 n. 橡皮圈 [例句] Rubber is elastic.橡皮有弹性。 13. elect: n. 当选人,被选的人,上帝的选民 adj. 被选的,选出的 v. 选举,选择 [例句] Voters always elect the candidate most tuned in to their needs.选民总是选那些最能 体察其疾苦的候选人. 14. electric: adj. 电的 [例句] He bought an electric hair-dryer for Mary.他给玛丽买了一个电吹风。 15. electronic: adj. 电子的 n. [-s]电子学,电子设备 [例句]

The machine is operated by an electronic pulse.这台机器由电子脉冲信号操纵. 16. eliminate: v. 除去,排除,剔除 [例句] Let us eliminate all uncertain on thought.让我们从思想上消除一切疑惑。 17. embark : vt. 1. 使上船(或飞机、汽车等);装载 2. 使(人)从事(某项事业),使着手 vi. 1. 上船(或飞机、汽车等):? 2. 开始工作,从事,着手;发动(in,on,upon): [例句] We embarked for Calais at midday.我们中午乘船去加来. 18. embarrass: v. 使...困窘,使...局促不安,阻碍 [例句] Girls embarrass easily.女孩子遇事容易感到局促不安。

19. embrace: n. 拥抱 v. 拥抱,互相拥抱,包含 [例句] He enfolded the child in an affectionate embrace.他疼爱得把孩子紧紧搂在怀里。 20. emerge: v. 浮现,(由某种状态)脱出,(事实)显现出来

[例句] Large scale industry emerged only gradually as technology evolved.大工业只是随着 技术发展而逐渐开始存在的。 21. emergency: adj. 紧急的 n. 紧急情况,突发事件 [例句] There are four emergency exits in the department store. 这家百货公司有四个紧急出口。 22. emotional: adj. 感情的,情绪的 [例句] She had a major emotional upset.她情绪上受到了沉重的打击。 23. emphasize: v. 强调,着重 vt. 强调 [例句] He banged his fist on the table to emphasize his argument. 他用拳头敲著桌子为自己的辩驳助威。 24. emulate : v. 效法,尽力赶上 [例句]

You must work hard to emulate your sister.你必须努力工作,赶上你姐姐。 25. enclose : v. 围绕,放入封套,装 [例句] We enclose herewith a copy of our price list for you reference. 我们为你同此附寄我们的价目表的副本参考。 26. encounter : n. 意外的相见,遭遇 v. 遇到,偶然碰到,遭遇 [例句] We encounter plenty of these kinds of affairs.类似这种事情我们遭遇过相当多。 27. endeavor : n. 努力,尽力 v. 努力,尽力 [例句] How can we endeavor to prolong the brevity of human life? 我们怎样才能延长短促的人生? 28. enforce : v. 厉行,强迫,执行 [例句] The police enforce the law.警察执法。 29. engage :

v. 答应,预定,使忙碌,雇佣,订婚 [例句] Jimmy Lin and his model girlfriend Kelly Chen got engaged last year. 林志颖和他的模特女友陈若仪去年订婚了。 30. enhance : v. 提高,加强,增加 [例句] I want to enhance my ability of reading.我想要增进我的阅读能力。 Part 11

1. enlist : v. 徵募,参与,支持 [例句] He enlisted in the army.他参军了。 2. enormous : adj.1. 极大的,巨大的 [例句] He is a man of enormous girth. 他是个腰围粗大的男子。 3. enrich : v. 使富足,使肥沃 [例句]

By reading we enrich the mind, by conversation we polish it. 在阅读我们使富足头脑,在会话我们磨光它. 4. enroll : v. 登记,使加入 [例句] So which class my children should enroll? 那我的孩子应该报那一个班? 5.entertain : v. 娱乐,招待,怀抱 [例句] He cut off a bunch of grapes to entertain us.他剪下一串葡萄招待我们。 We hired a magician to entertain the children at the party. 我们雇了一个魔术师在派对上逗孩子们开心. 6. entitle : v. 取名为,给与名称,叫做,使有权利 [例句] She read a poem entitled The Apple Tree. 她读了一首题为《苹果树》的诗. 7. equivalent : adj. 等价的,相等的 n. 相等物 [例句] There is no exactly equivalent French tense to the present perfect tense in English.

法语里没有和英语中的现在完成时完全对应的时态。 8. essence : n. 本质,精髓 [例句] Simplicity is the essence of good taste.纯朴是情趣高尚的主要因素。 9. establish : v. 建立,确立,创办 [例句] His second novel established his fame as a writer.他的第二部小说确立了他作家之 名。 10. estate : n. 财产,房地产 [例句] He has succeeded to his father's estate. 他继承了父亲的产业。 11. estimate : n. 估计,估价 v. 估计,估价,评价 [例句] They also estimate the time and cost to complete projects. 他们还估计工期和成本来完成工程项目。 12. ethnic :

adj. 民族的,种族的 [例句] This music would sound more ethnic if you played it in steel drums. 如果你用钢鼓演奏, 这首乐曲将更具民族特色。 13. evade : v. 规避,逃避,躲避 [例句] If you try to evade paying your taxes you risk going to prison. 如果你试图逃税, 你就有坐牢的危险了。 14. evaluate : v. 评估,评价 [例句] Let's evaluate the evidence. 让我们评定一下此证据的价值。 15. evident : adj. 明显的,明白的 [例句] The purpose may not be immediately evident.这种目的不一定显而易见。 16. evolve : v. 进展,进化,展开 [例句] Language is constantly and gradually evolving.语言在不断地缓慢发展。

17. exaggerate : v. 夸大,夸张 [例句] Secondly, there is anther possibility that they exaggerate the difficulties . 其次,另一个可能性是他们夸大了困难。 18. exceed : v. 超过,胜过,越出 vt. 超过,胜过 [例句] Do not exceed the recommended dosage. 不要超过规定的剂量. 19. excel : v. 胜过,优于,擅长 [例句] They each excel in their respective fields.他们在各自领域里都是出类拔萃的. 20. exclude : v. 除外,排除,拒绝 [例句] So far, the possibility of earthquake cannot exclude yet. 到目前为止,还不能排除地震的可能性. 21. expand : v. 使...膨胀,详述,扩张

[例句] Metals expand when they are heated. 金属遇热则膨胀。 22. explicit : adj. 明确的,详述的,明晰的,外在的 [例句] He avoids the explicit answer to us. 他避免给我们明确的回答。 23. expose : v. 暴露,揭穿,陈列 [例句] To expose to sunlight. 使暴露在阳光下 24. extract : n. 榨出物,精汁,选粹 v. 摘录,提取,吸取 [例句] We can extract oil from shale. 我们可以从页岩中提取石油。 25. facilitate : v. 帮助,使...容易,促进 [例句] Tractors facilitate farming. 拖拉机使耕作便利。

26. faint : n. 昏厥,昏倒 adj. 微弱的,无力的,模糊的 v. 昏倒 [例句] A young student fainted in the hot sun. 有个年幼的学生在炎炎烈日下晕倒了。 27. fancy : n. 想像力,幻想,喜好 adj. 想像的,精美的,新奇的 [例句] I don't fancy going all that way in such bad weather. 我不喜欢在这样的坏天气里一直这么走着。 28.fare : n. 费用,食物 v. 进展,进步,经营 [例句] How much is the fare? 车费是多少? 29. fashion : n. 流行,风尚,时样,时装 v. 形成,造,作 [例句]

Long skirts have come into fashion again. Faded jeans are still in fashion too. 长裙子又流行起来。漂浅的牛仔裤也还很时髦。 30. favorable : adj. 有利的,赞许的,良好的 [例句] The ship forged ahead under a favorable wind. 船乘风快速前进。 Part 12

1. feature : n. 特征,容貌 n. 特点,特色,特性 [例句] Persistence is a core feature of a type. 持久性是一个类型的核心特征。 2. federation : n. 联邦,联合,联盟 [例句] It is a federation of 10 regional unions. 它是由十个地方工会结合成的联合会。 3. feed : n. 饲养,饲料,一餐 v. 喂,饲养,靠...为生

[例句] Will you feed my cat for me? 请帮我喂我的猫好吗? 4. fierce : adj. 猛烈的,残忍的,狂暴的,强烈的 [例句] The fierce sun parched the bare earth. 灼热的阳光炙烤着光秃秃的大地。 5. figure : n. 图形,数字,形状 v. 演算,认为,领会到 [例句] The above figure did not include workers. 上面的数字没有包括工人。 6. finite : adj. 有限的 [例句] We must accept finite disappointment, but we must never lose infinite hope. 我们必须接受有限的挫折,但是决不可以失去无限的期望! 7. flash : n. 闪光,闪现,一瞬间 v. 闪光,闪现,闪烁

[例句] His eyes flashed a smile. 他眼里闪现出微笑。 8. flexible : adj. 灵活的,易弯曲的,柔韧的 [例句] In any system, the most flexible person has the control. 在任何一个系统里,最灵活的人具有控制能力。 9. fluctuate : vi. 变动,上下,动摇 vt. 使动摇 [例句] The prices of vegetables and fruits fluctuate with the seasons. 蔬菜和水果的价格随季节而波动. 10. focus : n. 焦点,焦距 v. 集中,聚集,使集中 [例句] Bring the object into focus if you want a sharp photograph. 要照出清晰的照片,就要把焦点对准物体。 11. former : adj. 以前的,在前的 pron.&n. 前者

[例句] It was more in sorrow than in anger that he criticized his former colleague. 他批评以前的同事, 并非出於气愤而是为他惋惜. 12. formulate : v. 用公式表示,明确的叙述 [例句] He formulated his thought clearly. 他清楚确切地表达了自己的思想。 13. foster : adj. 收养的,养育的 v. 养育,抚育,培养 [例句] How to foster the only child brings many debates in China. 怎样培养好独生子女在中国引发了许多辩论。 14.foundation : n. 基础,根据,建立 [例句] The foundation on which many ancient societies were built was the use of slaves. 许多古代社会都是建立在使役奴隶的基础上的。 15. fulfil : v. 实践,履行实行,尽 [例句]

How they laid about them to fulfill the task! 他们是何等竭尽全力来完成这一任务 啊! 16. fundamental : adj. 基本的,根本的 n. 基本原理 [例句] There are fundamental differences between your religious beliefs and mine. 你我的宗教信仰根本不同. 17. furnish : v. 供给,提供,装设 [例句] They scouted around for some antiques to furnish their new apartment. 他们到处搜罗一些古董来装饰新居。 18. gamble : n. 冒险 v. 赌博,孤注一掷 [例句] He gambles when he is in cash. 他有钱时就赌博。 19. generate : v. 产生,发生 [例句] New systems generate new problems.

新系统产生新问题. 20. generous : adj. 慷慨的,宽宏大量的 [例句] She was always very generous in her charity. 她行善时总是很慷慨。 21. grand : adj. 豪华的,宏伟的,壮丽的,主要的,重大的 [例句] And this is a grand choice indeed. 而这确实是一个宏伟的选择。 22. grant : n.拨款 vt.授予,同意,承认 [例句] The government has rescued the firm from bankruptcy by giving them a grant. 政府拨款给这家公司使其免于破产。 23. grasp : n. 把握,抓紧,把 v. 抓住,紧握,领会 [例句] He grasped my arm. 他抓住我的手臂。 24. greedy :

adj. 贪婪的 [例句] Some people consider the reason of most crimes as being greedy for money.一些人认 为大多数的犯罪都是因为对金钱的贪恋。 25. grief : n. 悲痛,忧伤 [例句] She uttered a wail of grief. 她悲痛地大声尖叫. 26. guarantee : v.&n. 保证,担保 vt. 保证 [例句] Blue skies are not a guarantee of continuing fine weather. 蔚蓝的天空不一定担保天气持续晴朗。 27. handle : n. 柄,把手 v. 买卖,处理,操作 [例句] The speaker was roughly handled by the mob. 演说者受到暴民的粗暴对待。 28. heal : v. 痊愈,使...复原,和解

[例句] The cut is no longer weeping and is starting to heal. 伤口已不流脓, 渐渐愈合了. 29. hence : adv. 今后,从此,因此,所以 [例句] A year hence it will be forgotten. 今后将被遗忘的一年 30. hesitate : v. 犹豫,迟疑,踌躇 [例句] I hesitate to make a decision. 我正犹豫着不愿作出决定。


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