四级作文讲解 评分实例： 例文 1： Some people think that certian(拼写错误) numbers will bring good luck to them. Numbers such as six, eight, sixteen and eighteen are regarded as lucky numbers. There are also people who think that their success is related to certain numbers. However, some other people think numbers have nothing to do with their luck. They believe in their own rather than“lucky numbers”. They don't do things according to certain numbers. As far as I am concerned, I think it is a person's own business whether he believes in a certain number or not. The most important thing is that he has done the work by himself and has done it quite well. As to the belief in numbers, it is their (前后指代不一致，应改为 his) personal choice. 该文章是当年四级考试命题组印发给全国评卷老师的一篇例文，根据 15 分 制的评分标准，这篇例文被评为 14 分，供全国评卷老师作为评分参考。乍看 起 来，本文无论从遣词造句还是思想深度，似乎都算不得一篇佳作；但它之所以能 够被评为 14 分，还是有其内在深层次原因的，那就是经常被考生们所忽视的议 论 文写作常识。简要地讲，可分为以下三个部分： （一） 英文议论文的结构特点 汉语写作对文章结构的要求不是很高，如开头段应该包括什么、论题句应该 在什么时候出现、 文章的结尾是否必须总结全文等等。 而英语写作要求文章结 构 必须十分严谨，文章各个部分的功能都要十分清晰，开头、中间和结尾都有严格 的要求。 简而言之，英语议论文共有三大特点： 1、 观点鲜明的开头； 2、 紧扣主题的结尾； 3、 有主题句并且衔接自然的中间段落。 这三点当中，第 1、2 点早已为绝大多数中国学生所熟知，因为开头点题和 结尾扣题同样也是汉语文章的要求。 但在长时间的学习过程中， 这样的要求被 很 多学生以为是“老土”而得不到足够的重视。 如果将这种思想带到英语议论文写 作当中，直接的后果就是中心分散、观点不明确，加上中国学生普遍英文表达能 力 不强，这些因素就为整篇文章的失败埋下了隐患。
另外，英语文章和汉语不同的是段落的主题句一定要放在段首，而不能按照 中文的写作习惯放在段落的中间或者最后， 在英文应试写作中更加如此。 正因 为 没有“主题句”的思想，所以中国学生在写英语文章时经常“想到什么，就写什 么”，这在英语议论文中是不能接受的。例如，例内容，换句话说，每段的内容 都 是根据首句来展开的，其顺序不能颠倒。 (二) 中心统一 在中心统一这个问题上，英语议论文和汉语议论文的概念也有所不同。中国 人在写议论文时常常遵循“中庸”的原则，其具体的表现就是认为世界上没有 任何事情是绝对的。当他们在文章中表扬一件事物或一种现象的时候，总要指出 其不足；同样，在批评一件事物或一种现象的同时，也总不忘记指出其也有合理 之 处。这种做法从道理上来讲并没有什么不妥，但却不符合英语议论文的写作 习惯， 因为英语作家在写议论文时关注的是自己的辩论技巧和其结果对公众的影 响力。换 句话说，如果作者告诉大家两面都有道理也就等于说两面都没有道理， 因为读者在读了文章之后仍旧不知道作者的看法是什么， 以及自己在这种情况下 到底该怎么 做。 所以，既然四级考试考的是英语文章，大家就应该遵循英文议论文的写作思 路和习惯： 表示支持则旗帜鲜明地支持； 表示反对就彻彻底底地反对， 而不能 采 取“墙头草两边倒”的做法。以上面的例文 1 为例，如果作者的观点是“幸运数 字是既有道理又无道理的”，这种观点就无法让人接受，因为在英语议论文中， 这 是典型的中心不统一。 英语四级作文万能模板 一、提纲式作文 1．对立观点式 A．有人认为 X 是好事，赞成 X， 为什么？ B．有人认为 X 是坏事， 反对 X，为什么？ C．我的看法。 Some people are in favor of the idea of doing X. They point out the fact that 支持 X 的第一个原因。They also argue that 支持 X 的另一个原因。 However, other people stand on a different ground. They consider it harmful to do X. They firmly point out that 反对 X 的第一个理由。 An example can give the details of this argument: 一个例子。
There is some truth in both arguments. But I think the advantages of X overweigh the disadvantages. In addition to the above-mentioned negative effects it might bring about, X also may X 的有一个坏处。
二、 批驳观点式 A．一个错误观点。 B． 我不同意。 Many people argue that 错误观点。By saying that, they mean 对这个观点 的进一步解释。 example they have presented is that 一个例子。 An （According to a survey performed by X on a group of Y, almost 80% of them 赞成这 个错误观点或者受到这个错误观点的影响）。 There might be some element of truth in these people’s belief. But if we consider it in depth, we will feel no reservation to conclude that 与 错误观点相反的观点。There are a number of reasons behind my belief. (以 下参照辩论文的议论文写法)。
三、社会问题（现象）式 社会问题（现象） A．一个社会问题或者现象。 B． 产生的原因 C．对社会和我们生活的影响 D． 如何杜绝。（如果是问题的话） E． 前景的预测。 Nowadays, there exists an increasingly serious social/economic/environmental problem. (X has increasingly become a common concern of the public). According to a survey, 调查内容说明这种 现象的情况。（或者是一个例子）。 There are a couple of reasons booming this problem/phenomenon. 下面参 照辩论式议论文的写法。
X has caused substantial impact on the society and our daily life, which has been articulated（表达） in the following aspects. 参照辩论式议论 文的写法。 A dozen of measures are supposed to take to prevent X from bringing us more harm. 参照辩论式议论文的写法。 Based on the above discussions, I can easily forecast that more and more people will …….. 图表式作文 It is obvious in the graph/table that the rate/number/amount of Y has undergone dramatic changes. It has gone up/grown/fallen/dropped considerably in recent years (as X varies). At the point of （接近）X1, Y reaches its peak value of …(多少). What is the reason for this change? Mainly there are … (多少) reasons behind the situation reflected in the graphic/table. First of all, …(第 一个原因). More importantly, …(第二个原因). Most important of all, …(第 三个原因). From the above discussions, we have enough reason to predict what will happen in the near future. The trend described in the graph/table will continue for quite a long time (if necessary measures are not taken 括 号里的使用于那些不太好的变化趋势).
辩论式议论文 模版 1 Some people believe (argue, recognize, think) that 观点 1. But other people take an opposite side. They firmly believe that 观点 2. As for me, I agree to the former/latter idea. There are a dozen of reasons behind my belief. First of all, 论据 1. More importantly, 论据 2. Most important of all, 论据 3. In summary, 总结观点. As a college student, I am supposed to 表决心. 或 From above, we can predict that 预测.
模版 2 People hold different views about X. Some people are of the opinion that 观点 1, while others point out that 观点 2. As far as I am concerned, the former/latter opinion holds more weight. For one thing, 论据 1. For another, 论据 2. Last but not the least, 论据 3. To conclude, 总结观点. As a college student, I am supposed to 表决心. 或 From above, we can predict that 预测.
模版 3 There is no consensus 一致 of opinions among people about X（争论的焦 点） Some people are of the view that 观点 1， 。 while others take an opposite side, firmly believing that 观点 2。As far as I am concerned, the former/latter notion（观念） is preferable in many senses. The reasons are obvious. First of all, 论据 1。 Furthermore, 论据 2。 Among all of the supporting evidences, one is the strongest. That is, 论 据 3。 A natural conclusion from the above discussion is that 总结观点。 As a college student, I am supposed to 表决心. 或 From above, we can predict that 预测 常用句型： 1． 表示原因 1）There are three reasons for this． 2）The reasons for this are as follows．
3）The reason for this is obvious． 4）The reason for this is not far to seek． 5）The reason for this is that．．． 6）We have good reason to believe that．．． 例： There are three reasons for the changes that have taken place in our life．Firstly，people’s living standard has been greatly improved．Secondly，most people are well paid， and they can afford what they need or like．Last but not least，more and more people prefer to enjoy modern life． 注：如考生写第一个句子没有把握，可将其改写成两个句子。如：Great changes have taken place in our life． There are three reasons for this．这样 写可以避免套用中的表达失误。
2．表示好处 1）It has the following advantages． 2）It does us a lot of good． 3）It benefits us quite a lot． 4）It is beneficial to us． 5）It is of great benefit to us． 例： Books are like friends．They can help us know the world better， and they can open our minds and widen our horizons．Therefore，reading extensively is of great benefit to us．
3．表示坏处 1）It has more disadvantages than advantages． 2）It does us much harm． 3）It is harmfulto us．
例： However，everything divides into two．Television can also be harmful to us．It can do harm to our health and make us lazy if we spend too much time watching televi- sion． 4．表示重要、必要、困难、方便、可能 1） is important It （necessary， difficult， convenient， possible） sb． for to do sth． 2）We think it necessary to do sth． 3）It plays an important role in our life． 例： Computers are now being used everywhere，whether in the government， in schools or in business．Soon， computers will be found in every home， too．We have good reason to say that computers are playing an increasingly important role in our life and we have stepped into the Computer Age．
5．表示措施 1）We should take some effective measures． 2）We should try our best to overcome（conquer）the difficulties． 3）We should do our utmost in doing sth． 4）We should solve the problems that we are confronted（faced）with． 例： The housing problem that we are confronted with is becoming more and more serious．Therefore，we must take some effective measures to solve it．
6．表示变化 1）Some changes have taken place in the past five years． 2）A great change will certainly be produced in the world’s communications． 3）The computer has brought about（导致） many changes in education．
例： Some changes have taken place in people’s diet in the past five years．The major reasons for these changes are not far to seek．Nowadays， more and more people are switching from grain to meat for protein，and from fruit and vegetable to milk for vitamins． 7．表示事实、现状 1）We cannot ignore the fact that．．． 2）No one can deny the fact that．．． 3）There is no denying the fact that．．． 4）This is a phenomenon that many people are interested in． 5）However，that’s not the case． 例： We cannot ignore the fact that industrialization brings with it the problems of pollution．To solve these problems， we can start by educating the public about the hazards（危害） of pollution．The government on its part should also design stricter laws to promote a cleaner environment．
8．表示比较 1）Compared with A，B．．． 2）I prefer to read rather than watch TV． 3）There is a striking contrast between them． 例： Compared with cars，bicycles have several advantages besides being affordable．Firstly，they do not consume natural resources of petrol （石油）．Secondly，they do not cause the pollution problem．Last but not least，they contribute to people’s health by giving them due physical exercise．
9．表示数量 1）It has increased（decreased）from．．．to．．． 2）The population in this city has now increased （decreased）to 800， 000．
3）The output of July in this factory increased by 15％ compared with that of January． 例： With the improvement of the living standard，the proportion（比例） of people’s income spent on food has decreased while that spent on education has increased． 再如： From the graph listed above，itcan be seen that student use of computers has increased from an average of less than two hours per week in 1990 to 20 hours in 2000． 10．表示看法 1）People have（take，adopt，assume）different attitudes towards sth． 2）People have different opinions on this problem．
3）People take different views of（on）the question． 4）Some people believe that．．．Others argue that．．． 例： People have different attitudes towards failure．Some believe that failure leads to success． Every failure they experience translates into a greater chance of success at their renewed endeavor.However，others are easily discouraged by failures and put themselves into the category（种类） of losers． 再如： Do lucky numbers really bring good luck？Different people have different views on it． 注：一个段落有时很适宜以问句开始，考生应掌握这一写作方法。
11．表示结论 1）In short，it can be said that ．．． 2）It may be briefly summed up as follows． 3）From what has been mentioned above，we can come to the conclusion that ．．．
例： From what has been mentioned above，we can come to the conclusion that examination is necessary，however， its method should be improved． 注：例句 1 可用于任何一个段落的结论句；例句 3 则多用文章结论段的第一句。
12．套语 1）It’s well known to us that ．．． 2）As is known to us，．．． 3）This is a topic that is being widely talked about． 4）From the graph（table，chart）listed above，it can be seen that ．．． 5）As a proverb（谚语） says，“Where there is a will，there is a way． 例如： As is well known to us，it is important for the students to know the world outside campus． The reason for this is obvious．Nowadays，the society is changing and developing rapidly， the campus is no longer an“ivory tower． college and As students，we must get in touch with the world outside the campus．Only in this way can we adapt ourselves to the society quickly after we graduate． 再如： Does it pay to be honest？This is a topic that is being widely talked about and different people have different opinions on it． Certificates Craze on Campus In recent years, to get a certificate has become a new craze among college students. Just randomly, ask a student on campus what he or she is busy doing, quite possibly, you may get the answer that he or she is preparing for a certificate of some kind. Why does this craze appear? There are two mainly reasons behind this phenomenon. First, it is the employments pressure that forces college students to get more certificates. With the admission expansion of colleges, a large more graduates have to face the fierce competition in the job markets. How can one make himself more competitive, more certificates at hands maybe. Second, the diplomas and certificates are still important standard by which many employers measure a person’s
ability in order to increase qualification for a job, the students compel themselves to run from one exam to another. From my point of view, we should be more rational when it comes to certificates, since certificates do not necessarily prove one’s ability, being crazy in getting certificates blindly. It is nothing but wasting time. To conclude, we should focus on improving our ability but not getting a certificate of no practical value. How to deal with peer pressure? College students are often obsessed by peer pressure from their classmates or schoolmates. Facing others’ hard work and good performance in academic and other aspects, many students feel great pressure. Then, how to deal with this kind of peer pressure? The following measures can be taken. First, you should take a careful look at your present level and set a practical object. You needn’t always compare yourselves with those on the top and just make your efforts towards your object. Second, under peer pressure, you shouldn’t feel discouraged and pressed. Instead, you should make it your motivation for harder work. Finally, if you find pressure is nearly beyond your control, you’d better turn to professional psychological guidance. As a college student, I have no way to avoid peer pressure, so I try to figure out the way to do with it well. I set my own goal, including my practical level and my position among the peers. Because of my focus on my own goal, I have no time and energy to think about the pressure. So I’m little troubled by it. To conclude, we should not escape from peer pressure, but learn to make best use of it, since it can hardly be avoided. Should college students be tutors? Nowadays there are more and more provided tutors among college students. Some students even take a few tutor jobs at the same time. People have different opinions about this phenomenon. Some people believe college students can benefit a lot from being tutors. On the one hand they can earn some money and lessen the burden on their family. On the other hand they can have chances to apply their knowledge to the solution to the practical problems. However still others object to college students being a tutor. They think that a student should focus on his study instead of doing a part-time job. If they spend too much time on teaching, they will not have enough time to study, and naturally their academic performance will be affected. In the two arguments, I’m in favor of the former one. In my opinion, to be a tutor is a good practical activity for us college students, from which we can gain practical experience and skills. But it is worth nothing that
we spend too much time in being tutors. We should balance the relationship between the tutor job and study. Welcome to the camera club Welcome to the camera club. With the sponsor of the student’s union, the camera club has been set and served all the students for 15 years. Many wonderful activities are organized and arranged in our club. As is expected by all, the training on how to make the best use of the camera to provide a wonderful picture is open to all new members. Besides we will organize traveling activities at times, during which the participants have the chance to show the pictures, as well as enjoy beautiful scenery. In addition, photo contests will be held is the opportunities to show your progress. We have good reasons to believe that all these activities are quite beneficial to both your study and life, not only can they help you improve your camera technique, but also enrich your college life greatly. Moreover by participating in the traveling activities and photo contests, you can be close to the nature and broaden your views. Anyone who is interested in photography welcome warmly. What you need to do is just to call us at 62514479 or email us at firstname.lastname@example.org. Looking forward to your participation.