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大学英语四级翻译精选45题[1]

时间:2012-03-08


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大学英语四级考试翻译题精选练习 1. I have had great deal of trouble______________________________.(跟得上班上的 其他同学) 2. I don't mind your_____________(你延期做出决定) the decision as long as it is not too late. 3. In the Chinese household, grandparents and other relatives_____________(起着 不可缺少的作用) in raising children. 4. Mark often____________________________ 试图逃脱罚款)whenever he breaks traffic ( regulations. 5. When I __________________(发现他骗我) I stopped buying thins there and started dealing with another shop. 6. I suggested he ____________________ (使自己适应) his new conditions. 7. What a lovely party! It's worth_________________( 牢记一生 ). 8. If you won't agree to our plan,_____________________( 他们也不会同意 ). 9. His remarks left me ____________________________( 想知道他的真实目的 ). 10. If you had_____________________ ( 听从了我的劝告,你就不会陷入麻烦) 11. Though you stay in the sea for weeks, you will not____________( 失去联系 ) the outside world. 12. The fifth generation computers, with artificial intelligence,_____________( 正 在研制 ) and perfected now. 13. How close parents are to their children_________________ __( 有很强的影响 ) the character of the children. 14. The room is in a terrible mess; it _____________________ (肯定没打扫过) . 15. With tears on her face, the lady _____________________ (看着他受伤的儿子被送 进手术室) Answer: 1. keeping up with the rest of the class. 「超级句型」 trouble 可以用在句型"have trouble doing sth. " 做某事有困难"中,这时,trouble 可以用 difficulty 来代替。 「超级短语」keep up with 意为"跟上……",指并肩前进,并驾齐驱,不至落后、掉队。catch up with 意为"赶上",指从后边追上或改变落后状。 2. delaying making 「超级单词」mind 作及物动词,后面通常接名词、代词、V-ing 形式、 复合结构、从句等。Delay 后接动词时,应该接动词的 ing 形式。 3. play indispensable roles 「超级短语」play a part/role in 起着……作用,饰演…… 的角色。 4. attempts to escape being fined 「超级单词」escape 后面要接动名词形式。常与介 词 from 搭配,如 He has escaped from the fire. 5. caught /found him cheating me 「超级句型」find/catch+宾语+宾补,如 I found him standing by the river. 6. should adapt himself to 「超级句型」suggest 作"建议"时,其宾语从句中要用虚拟 句型"suggest that sb. (should)do sth."结构;从 suggest 还可以联想到宾语从句中同样要用 虚拟语气的相关动词如:insist,demand,order,ask,advise 等。 「超级短语」adapt oneself to 使自己适应或习惯于,其他搭配: adapt from 根据……改 写/改编 7. remembering all my life 「超级单词」Be worth doing……/值得做某事,还有说法是 worth sth. 如:He is worth the praise. 8. neither will they 「超级单词」neither 表示"两者都不", 表示"也"、"也不" 的句 子要部分倒装。如:If you won't go, neither will I. 9. wondering about his real purpose 「超级单词」leave sb doing 让继续处于某种状

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态;leave sb to do sth 让某人干某事 10. followed my advice, you would not be in trouble now. 「超级句型」虚拟语气在 if 引导的条件句中的用法 从句:if + 主语+ 动词的过去式(be 用 were) + …… 主句:主语+ would (should, could , might) + 动词原形+ …… 11. lose contact with 「超级短语」lose contact with/lose touch with 与……失去 联系 12. are being developed 「超级句型」"be being done"现在进行时的被动语态表示此时 此刻某事正在被做。其中动词 be 应随主语作相应变化。 13. has a strong influence on/effect o「超级短语」influence/effect 作名词(常与 on 连用)对……有影响力。 influence 指"通过说服、举例等对行动、思想、性格等产生不易觉察到的,潜移默化的影响", 如:Influenced by a high-school biology teacher, he took up the study of medicine. effect 指"实现"、"达成",着重"造成"一种特殊的效果,如:This book effected a change in my opinion. 14. can't have been cleaned 「 超 级 句 型 」 " 情 态 动 词 +have done" 表 示 推 测 , must/can/may/might/could 各用于不同句型中,must 只用于肯定句中,can/could 不能用于肯定 句中,may/might 不能用于疑问句中。can't 表示不可能,may not 表示可能不。如题中推测的为 过去的事情,情态动词后则用完成形式。 15. watched her injured son sent into the operation room. 「超级句型」see/watch…… sb./sth.+done 强调某动作的全过程,且宾语和动作间是被动关系 大学英语四级考试翻译题精选练习( 大学英语四级考试翻译题精选练习(2) 1.(这个计划成功的关键) ___________is good planning. 2. The specific use of leisure______(每一人都不同) 3. The ship ' s generator broke down and the pumps____________________( 不得不用 手工操作 ) instead of mechanically. 4. Although punctual himself, the professor was quite used______________( 习惯了 学生迟到 ) his lecture. 5. I prefer to communicate with my customers ______( 通过写电子邮件而不是打电话) 6. After the terrorist attack, tourists ______ ( 被劝告暂时不要去该国旅游) 7.( 他把自己奉献于社区工作 ) ______ and is passionate about what he is doing. 8. Man should not exploit the natural resources ______ ( 以牺牲其他物种为代价 ). 9. When Sandy recovered from cancer, her doctor ______ ( 把此归因于她对未来的信念 ) . 10. At the end of his speech, the school master encouraged the children to work hard ______ ( 不要让父母失望 ). 11. In the budget for this building, they failed to __( 考虑价格增长的因素 ). 12. Only after I slapped him on the back ____( 他才发现我并高兴得叫起来 ). 13. I didn ' t even speak to him, ____( 更不用说与他讨论事情 ). 14. Some young people would rather try hard themselves to go through life than _____ ( 求助于他们的父母 ) with a sense of guilt. 15. The victim _____( 本来有机会活下来 ) if he had been taken to hospital in time . Answer: 1. The key to the success of this project 「超级单词」key 除作名词"钥匙"外,后接介词 to,表示"……的钥匙,……的答案,……的 关键". 2. from individual to individual. 「超级短语」不及物动词 vary 的用法。搭配为:vary …… from …… to 各不相同。

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3. had to be operated manually「超级短语」have to 通常指由于客观原因则不得不做某事, 意思为"不得不". 其否定形式意思是"不一定"或"没有必要". 4. to students' being late for「超级句型」be used to+doing/noun,表示过去习惯于做 某事。used to+do,表示过去有规律的习惯性动作或状态,而现在已不存在了。 「超级短语」be late for,迟到。 「超级句型」one's doing,非谓语动词的复合结构。 5. via E-mail instead of telephone 「超级短语」 Instead of 的意思是"代替……"、 "而不…… ",后面常跟名词、代词和动名词,偶尔也跟复合结构。 6. were advised not to travel to that country at the moment 「超级单词」advise 一般用法: advise sb. to do; advise doing 特殊注意: 后面的宾语从句要用虚拟语气。即:advise that sb. (should) do 的形式。 7. he devoted himself to the community 「超级短语」be devoted to 有两个含义:A.专心致志于,献身于;B.热爱,很喜欢。作为动 词的 devote 常用下列成语类的搭配:devote oneself/one's life to sth/doing sth. 8. at the cost of sacrificing/loss of other species 「超级短语」at the cost of(以……为代价) ,其含义和用法与 at the expense of 相同。 另 at all costs 意为"不惜一切代价". 9. attributed it to her firm belief in the future 「超级短语」"attribute……to","把……归因于……"是大学英语四级考查率极高的一个语 言点。 10. and not to let their parents down 超级短语」let……down(使……失望) ,形容词表 示失望有 disappointed. 11. consider/take into account the factor of increasing price. 「超级单词」Take…… into account=take…… into consideration 把……考虑在内 12. did he notice me and shouted with happiness 「超级句型」这是 only 引起的半倒装句,only+强调内容+助动词+主语+谓语+其它 13. let alone discuss with him「超级短语」let alone 用作连词,译为"更不用说了" 14. turn to their parents「超级短语」turn to sb. for help 求助于别人 15. would have survived「超级句型」在虚拟条件句中,如果表示与过去事实相反的情况, 从句用过去完成时, 而主句中则用"情态动词+现在完成时", would/ could/ should/ might have 即 done 大学英语四级考试翻译题精选练习( 大学英语四级考试翻译题精选练习(3) 1. Though a skilled worker, _____ 他被公司解雇了 ) last week because of the economic ( crisis. 2. He was disabled from birth, but he never felt frustrated, __( 也从未屈服于任何 困难 ). 3. The little boy next door has been beating his drum for a whole morning, which got on my nerves so much __( 以至于我无法集中注意力学习 ). 4. The scientist tried to convince us that a tiger would not attack us __( 除非它 走途无路 ). 5. The nation ' s population continues to rise ______ ( 以每年 1200 万人的速度 ) 6.(如果你设法与 Smith 先生取得联系)___the problem will be solved easily because he is an expert in this field. 7. The problem lies in how people look at those students ___(专心追求知识的). 8. On Children's Day, kids ___有资格免费进入) to all the city parks. 9. The restaurant next door serves good food, but the one across the street is much better ___(就服务而言).

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10.___(每当天气不好时), he takes whatever umbrella he can find. 11. Animal experiments will continue to be necessary to resolve existing medical problems ___( 尽管一些人公开反对 ). 12. Professor Clark was a bit strict with us, ____( 但我们确实从他那里学到了很多 ). 13. The more you explain, ___( 我愈糊涂 ). 14. He has done so much for the poor in his community that ___( 再怎么赞扬他都不 过分 ). 15. Since my childhood I have found that __( 没有什么比读书对我更有吸引力 ) Answer: 1. he was dismissed/fired/sacked 「超级单词」主要考察"解雇"的表达方法。Dismiss 解职、开除;fire 解雇<口>;sack 解雇、 洗劫。 2. and never yielded to any difficulties as well「超级短语」yield to 屈服,让步。 3. that I have no way to concentrate on my study「短语」concentrate on+sth./doing sth.全神贯注地做某事。 4. unless it’s cornered 「超级单词」unless 除非,如果不;corner 名词作"角落、绝路",作为及物动词时表示"无路 可走". 5. at a speed of 12 million per year 「超级短语」at a speed of…… (以……的速度) ;其二是数字 1200 万人的表达,也就是 12 个百万——12 million 而 million 后面加上多余的复数 s 则是很多同学容易出现的错误。 6. u manage to get in touch with Mr Smith「短语」manage to do 表示成功地做成某事, 不成功不可以用。 7. who are kownledge-oriented/absorbed acquiring kownledge 「超级单词」sth.-oriented 追求……,orient n.东方 adj.东方的,上升的 vi.向东 vt.使 适应、确定方向。oriented 导向的,其实这里可以很多种译法。 8. are entitled to free admissions 「超级单词」be entitled to do sth. 对……享有权利, 值得; 有(做某事)的资格[权利] 9. as far as the service is concerned 「超级单词」so/as far as……be concerned 就……而言, concerned 用作形容词解作"有关的"时, 是后置定语, 大都放在它所修饰的名词之后。 10. whenever the weather is bad「超级单词」whenever 无论何时, 随时 n.只要, 11. even though some people object to/are against it openly「超级短语」object to/be against 反对 12. but I do learn a lot from him「超级单词」do 放在动词原形前,加强该动词的语气。 13. the more I am confused「超级句型」"the more……, the more……"句型常表示"越…… 就越……",是一个复合句,其中前面的句子是状语从句,后面的句子是主句。 the 用在形容词或副词 的比较级前,more 代表形容词或副词的比较级。 14. you can't praise him enough「超级句型」用在"主语+cannot……+enough"句型中该句 型形式上是否定句型,实际上表达的是肯定意义,意思是"再……也不过分;越……越……". 15. nothing is more attractive to me than reading 「超级短语」"Nothing is more……than"和"Nothing is so……as"都具有最高级比较的意思,指 "没有……比……更……".


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