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2014-2015学年度-苏锡常镇四市高三教学情况调研(一)

时间:2015-03-19


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2014-2015 学年度苏锡常镇四市高三教学情况调研(一)

英语

2015 年 3 月

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4 每周日 12:30 免费公益直播。 我们这两天将通过微信公共号推送视频全解,精彩内容不容错过。请加关注。 注意:本试卷分第一卷(选择题)和第二卷(非选择题)两部分。答案全部做在答题纸上。 总分为 120 分。考试时间 120 分钟。

第一卷(选择题,共 85 分)
第一部分:听力(共两节,满分 20 分) 做题时, 先将答案标在试卷上。 听力录音部分结束后, 你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上 的 答案转涂到答题纸上。 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出 最 佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小 题和 阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. Where does this conversation most probably take place? A. In the man?s home. B. In an office building. C. In a department store. 2. What can we know about the man?s job from the conversation? A. He can?t sell many books. B. He has a promising career. C. He and his boss get along well. 3. What are the two speakers most probably talking about? A. Paintings. B. Flowers. C. Clothes. 4. Who may these two speakers be? A. Father and mother. B. Teacher and student. C. Mother and son. 5. What happened at the convenience store last night? A. Somebody robbed the store. B. Too many people crowded in. C. The employees refused to work. 第二节(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读每个小题,听完后,每小题将 给出 5 秒钟的作答时间,每段对话或独白读两遍。 听下面一段材料,回答第 6 至 7 题。 6. When does this conversation take place? A. In the morning. B. At noon. C. Late in the afternoon. 7. What does the mother have to do according to the conversation? A. Buy her son an English book. B. Wait for her son?s school bus. C. Meet her son?s History teacher. 听下面一段材料,回答第 8 至 10 题。

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8. What's the probable relationship between the two speakers? A. Colleagues. B. Neighbors. C. Classmates. 9. What can we know about the man from the conversation? A. He takes the training course seriously. B. He didn?t listen carefully at the lecture. C. He prefers knowledge to food or drinks. 10. What does Nancy think of Professor Hall?s class? A. It occupies her time for lunch. B. It?s boring with so many facts. C. It?s instructive and interesting. 听下面一段材料,回答第 11 至 13 题。 11. What are the two speakers talking about? A. Online reading. B. Rise of electronic books. C. Amazon Kindle and iPad. 12. Which company is now selling more e-books in the US than printed ones? A. Amazon.com. B. Apple.com. C. Sony.com. 13. How is the publishing world doing currently? A. It?s losing bookstores. B. It?s having a hard time. C. It enjoys a quick development. 听下面一段材料,回答第 14 至 17 题。 14. Why does Jason want to see Professor Read? A. He has promised to talk to her. B. He needs her approval for his schedule. C. He has asked her to help him choose courses. 15. Which course does Jason take for the second time? A. Short story writing. B. History. C. Mathematics. 16. What is Professor Read concerned about? A. Why Jason is poor in poetry. B. How Jason will behave in her class. C. Whether Jason can handle so much work. 17. When do the two speakers meet for this conversation? A. Before the term begins. B. On the last day of class. C. After the first week of classes. 听下面一段材料,回答第 18 至 20 题。 18. When did the Ferguson shooting happen? A. On December 13. B. On August 9. C. On July 17 19. What can we learn from the news? A. The public anger turned into violence in New York. B. What happened to Eric Gamer was recorded on videos. C. Civil rights organizations announced a national march in 2015. 20. What didn?t President Obama mention in his speech in Washington?

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A. American people?s feeling of unfairness. B. Specific comments on the New York shooting case. C. His plans to improve the relationship between the police and the people. 第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节:单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 请认真阅读下面各题,从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在 答题纸上将该项涂黑。 21. — Kim, give me your report by 10 am. — _______ have you been in charge of this project? A. Since when B. By whom C. For what

D. From where

22. _______ sufficient historical and legal grounds, China?s position on the South China Sea has been consistent and clear. A. Associated with B. Based on C. Centered around D. Assessed by 23. Each misfortune you come across will carry in _______ the seed of tomorrow?s good luck. So hang on until you succeed. A. one B. some C. that D. it 24. — Where are my new sneakers? Have you seen them? — How _______ I know? I?m your sister, not your servant. A. shall B. will C. should D. might 25. Though China?s GDP growth marked the slowest since 2009,it was still within the reasonable range set by policy-makers and _______ market expectation. A. in line with B. in connection with C. in conflict with D. in parallel with 26. To recognize and respect a country?s own culture does not mean to close the door to others, _______ to stand upon a principle of being superior. A. and it means B. but it means C. so does it mean D. neither does it mean 27. Though the college entrance exam is drawing near, study shouldn't take up all of your time. It?s important to _______ some time for relaxation and hobbies as well. A. put away B. set aside C. lay down D. take off 28. Having a good command of the language of the country where you are going to study is necessary, because language skills affect _______ you perform academically. A. how B. that C. what D. when 29. Speaking in an inspection in Yunnan Province, Xi Jinping said authorities must _______ poverty removal efforts to support the building of a rich and successful country. A. anticipate B. allocate C. appreciate D. accelerate 30. They all queued up to be among the first to buy iPhone 6, but they all ended up _______ 一 it was only a trick. A. rewarded B. shocked C. disappointing D. embarrassing 31. Robin Williams was lucky because he was offered so many parts _______ he could be whatever he needed to be — roles that ensured his spot among the comedy greats. A. when B. where C. which D. that

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32. — Hi, Peter. Why didn?t you go to the cinema last night? — I _______ the popular show Dad, where are we going? with my family. A. was watching B. have watched C. would watch D. had watched 33. It seemed an impossible task, but Tom, though physically challenged, carried on _______, until it was completely fulfilled. A. instead B. yet C. regardless D. still 34. Since it is common _______ to copy others? designs, the Council of Fashion Designers has recently urged the government to pass laws to protect designers' rights. A. practice B. standard C. sense D. activity 35. _______ in running for head of the department, which most colleagues had not expected, made her parents very upset. A. Lucy was defeated B. Lucy being defeated C. Lucy?s been defeated D. Lucy?s being defeated 第二节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题纸上将该项涂黑。 飚记英语(微信公共号:biaojienglish) 特供,感谢闻道英语群提供来源。 我们这两天将通过微信公共号推送视频全解,精彩内容不容错过。请加关注。 At just 18 years old, Canberra student Lochie Ferrier has already conducted research in a frontier field — aerospace engineering. Aerospace engineering is the primary 36 of engineering concerned with the science and technology of aircraft and spacecraft. In 2014, he was one of 80 high school students worldwide who 37 a six-week science and engineering program at MIT. During the program, he was 38 by the institute?s scientists, and developed a method to identify inactive satellites. This method, called OASIS, is designed 39 a way to help manage space debris( 碎片 ), which 40 operating satellites. “One solution to this problem is a 41 robot that can gather pieces of space debris and store them in orbit, ” he says. “These pieces could be 42 to new satellites later, thus 43 the costs and launch weights of new satellites.” However, 44 satellite identification technology would be needed for this solution, and that?s what Lochie is working on. “I hope this method would be put into practice in the near future, 45 in the next 10 years,” 5 he says. Lochie has made the 46 of the Young Innovators category of the Australian Innovation Challenge Awards with his OASIS. This category is open to students aged 21 years or 47 and carries a $ 5,000 prize. If he won, he would use the money to help fund 48 research into OASIS. “My plan for using the money would be to try to use materials which could stand up to the 49 environment of space,” he says. He is also considering how to 50 the technology to organizations such as NASA and satellite manufacturers. Lochie?s 51 in aerospace engineering was aroused by the big dish antenna(碟形天线) at NASA?s tracking station near Canberra, which he visited in his early teens. He said his software design and development teacher at Canberra Grammar School 52 him, too. “He taught me valuable project management and skills which I applied to OASIS.” Lochie has been attending Canberra Grammar School and will soon 53 exams for admission to universities. He 54 his time between schoolwork, his personal 55 projects such as OASIS and the development of apps, rock climbing, and playing classical violin.

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The teenager is well on his way to realizing his sky-high ambition. 36. A. principle B. presentation C. branch D. criterion 37. A. brought in B. participated in C. set up D. backed up 38. A. guided B. criticized C. surprised D. changed 39. A. in B. for C. with D. as 40. A. follows B. threatens C. splits D. maintains 41. A. recycling B. repairing C. creating D. launching 42. A. switched B. transformed C. attached D. returned 43. A. increasing B. reducing C. balancing D. covering 44. A. optional B. temporary C. reliable D. theoretical 45. A. imagine B. say C. suppose D. consider 46. A. plans B. finals C. competitions D. goals 47. A. under B. beyond C. more D. above 48. A. basic B. further C. academic D. independent 49. A. extreme B. pure C. dark D. friendly 50. A. adapt B. forward C. market D. apply 51. A. influence B. investment C. information D. interest 52. A. inspired B. served C. sponsored D. promised 53. A. join B. sit C. hold D. prepare 54. A. devotes B. spends C. separates D. divides 55. A. instructive B. competitive C. technical D. typical 第三部分:阅读理解(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分, 满分 30 分) 请认真阅读下列短文, 从短文后各题所给的 A、 B、 C、 D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项, 并 在答题纸上将该项涂黑。 A

Cineworld makes viewers part of the action for the greatest big screen viewing experience. Get your tickets now to see why this winter?s films are truly unmissable.

What you get Cineworld is the UK?s Number 1 cinema chain. With cinemas across the UK showing a wide range of films, there?s always something to thrill or delight film fans of all ages at Cineworld. Cineworld is devoted to saving you money too. Simply exchange ? 4.50 in Clubcard vouchers(代金券)for 1 token code(验证码). Exchange it for 1 adult ticket and you?ll get yourself a seat for some big screen excitement. With as many as 10 films released each week, you?ll know there?s always a new and exciting reason to return to Cineworld time and again. You can now book your Cineworld tickets online to secure your seat so you never miss out on the action.

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Click here to find your nearest cinema. Have a good time.

How to place your order 1. Select the quantity of token codes you?d like, using the basket on the right. Any change left over from your Clubcard vouchers will be added back into your Clubcard Account. 2. We?ll aim to send you two emails within 30 minutes 一 please note this may take longer due to additional security checks. One will be your order confirmation. The other will contain your token codes and instructions on how to use them. 3. Print the email containing your token codes and take it with you to the cinema. Or Book your Cineworld tickets online at www.Cineworld.com. Additional information: Please Click Here 56. This advertisement is mainly about_______. A. some unmissable films this winter B. a way of booking film tickets C. the company of Cineworld D. a certain Clubcard 57. Which of the following is true? A. This advertisement is probably taken from a magazine. B. For every adult tickTet you will have to pay ?4.50 in cash. C. You will receive two emails after you place your order using the basket. D. Cineworld encourages viewers to be involved in its management for experience.

B At Japan?s Studio Ghibli, which has produced extraordinary animated films(动画片)since 1985, the best-known figure has always been one of the company?s founders, Hayao Miyazaki. But an equally key figure is co-founder Isao Takahata, who has recently made a new feature, The Tale of Princess Kagnya. It is an unforgettable feature with an unusual hand-drawn aesthetic(美感). The title character is a tiny baby girl who appears in a bamboo plant. She is found by a woodcutter, who takes her home and brings her up. He believes the little girl is a princess, and sets about preparing what he regards as a suitable world for her. This original story is the oldest work of fiction in Japan; every child knows it in its simplified

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folktale form. “It is a fascinating story with elements of wonder, humour, and sorrow,?? Takahata says, “but these three elements are scattered(分散)about.” The chief challenge for anyone trying to adapt it is that “we are completely unable to comprehend what was in the heart of Princess Kaguya. Because of this, despite its being well known, few people consider it interesting. There have been several attempts at making a film out of the story, but they ended up being abandoned.” He was connected with one of these attempts, but no one paid any attention to his concept. “Fifty-five years later, I thought my concept was still appealing, and used it as a basis for turning the story into a feature film.” His concept involves the princess?s origins, her expectations and her access to “the full range of human emotions”. To realize his vision, Takahata says, “I needed to take the extremely individualistic brushwork and key designs of Osamu Tanabe and Kazuo Oga, two brilliantly talented artists, and have them permeate(扩散)throughout the film. The two of them drew many pictures, but they weren?t nearly enough. The most challenging part was to have all the other animation staff copy their styles in a free and easy way.” The Tale of Princess Kaguya has been released, and people are saying that the two founders, now in their seventies, have directed their final films. But is it as clear-cut as that? When I ask Takahata about a scene of escape and urgency with a particularly distinctive (独特的) visual style, he says he had intended to use “this type of rough-drawn, forceful animation, in a project before this film. “That project hasn?t been realized yet, but if it comes to pass, this style is essential.” A hint, perhaps, there's still more to come. 58. Which of the following choices has got the right match? ①Hayao Miyazaki ② Isao Takahata ③ Kazuo Oga ④ Princess Kaguya a. one of the founders of Studio Ghibli b. fictional character c. famous artist d. animation staff member of The Tale of Princess Kaguya

A.① d B. ② a C.③ b D.④ c 59. Why is it challenging to adapt the original story to a feature film according to the passage? A. Because people are in the dark about the feelings of Princess Kaguya. B. Because the story itself offers a combination of wonder, humour and sorrow. C. Because the story is too old to appeal to the audience nowadays. D. Because every Japanese has been familiar with the story ever since childhood. 60. From the Takahata version of The Tale of Princess Kaguya, we can expect the following except ________. A. more details about the Princess?s origins and expectations B. a forceful animation type featuring fine images and gentle brushwork C. the distinctive brushwork and key designs from two gifted artists D. a hand-drawn visual effect that brings out a unique sense of beauty C International teams have spent nearly half a year looking for evidence of the missing

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Malaysian Airlines plane, a search that includes the hunt for the aircraft?s so-called black box, which holds flight data that would likely explain what caused MH370 to move away from its course. But many aviation experts wonder why, in our increasingly networked world, divers are searching the Indian Ocean for a metal box when technology already exists that would enable planes to stream black box data to the ground in the event of an emergency. Black boxes have been on planes since the late 1950s, and now every commercial aircraft has two: a flight data recorder and a voice recorder. (Although they are referred to as black boxes, they are typically orange in color, making them easier to spot in waters.) Black box recorders are mainly used to investigate the cause of in-flight accidents. While black boxes are built to survive a crash and long-term submersion(浸没)in water, it can be a real challenge to find the device if a plane has gone down in the ocean. While each box contains a beacon(无线电信标台), the unit only has enough battery power to transmit a signal for 30 days. After the crash of Air France Flight 447 in the Atlantic Ocean in June 2009, it took divers two years to find the black box. Pierre Jeanniot, a Canadian engineer who helped perfect black box technology about 40 years ago, feels that the device, in its current form, is “ obsolete ” . He started to question its effectiveness more than a decade ago, after seeing the broken pieces of the black boxes in the 2001 attacks on the World Trade towers in New York. Jeanniot is now on the advisory board of a Toronto-based firm that has built a live-streamed black box system. When a plane experiences an irregular event, the system can send streaming data off the aircraft to one of the satellites and then down to ground-based servers, where the message is interpreted and sent to the airline. It seems necessary that the loss of MH370 and other similar cases wake more people up to the fact that the tools being used at this stage are inadequate for dealing with emergency situations, Jeanniot says. He also estimates that if this technology had been on board the missing Malaysian Airlines flight and live-streaming for the estimated seven hours after the flight first experienced a problem, it would have cost about $3,000. While there is widespread approval of a live-streamed black box system, most airlines see its cost prohibitive. The airline industry is an industry with small profits, and is reluctant to add costs that will further cut the bottom line. However, given how much time, money and effort has been spent on the luckless search for MH370, s black box, the cost of operating a live-streaming version seems like a trifle(区区小数) 61. In this passage, the underlined word “obsolete” probably means . A. out of date B. out of use C. on the move D. on the increase 62. Which fact is mentioned to support aviation experts? doubt about the effectiveness of the black box? A. MH370?s black box holds flight data that might explain what happened to the aircraft. B. The recorders are actually orange in color though referred to as black boxes. C. The beacon in the black box has limited battery power to send out a signal for 30 days. D. It?s necessary for people to wake up to the weaknesses of the black box. 63. What?s airlines? attitude towards the live-streamed black box system? A. They approve of the system since it may save time, money and effort. B. They consider using the system as the bottom line of costs. C. They are reluctant to start the system because it still needs improving.

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D. They are unwilling to equip planes with the system as it cuts their profits. 64. From the passage, we can learn that__________. A. it takes divers one or two years to find the black box after a crash B. the new system does not live stream black box data for the whole flight C. Jeanniot changed his view on black box technology when working for a Canadian firm D. operating a live-streamed black box system costs only three thousand dollars D Is gun play good or bad for children? For many years I emphasized its harmlessness. When concerned parents expressed doubt about letting their children have toy guns, because they didn?t want to encourage them in the slightest degree to become criminals, I would explain how little connection there was. In the course of growing up, children have a natural tendency to bring their aggressiveness more and more under control if their parents encourage this. One- to two-year-olds, when they are angry with another child, may bite the child?s arm without hesitation. But by 3 or 4 they have already learned that aggression is not right. However, they may pretend to shoot their mother or father, but smiling to assure them that the gun and the aggressive behaviour aren?t to be taken seriously. In the 6- to 12-year-old period, children will play an earnest game of war, but it has lots of rules. There may be arguments, but real fights are relatively rare. At this age children don?t shoot at their mother or father, even in fun. It?s not that the parents have turned stricter; the children?s own conscience has. In adolescence aggressive feelings become much stronger, but well brought-up children can turn them into athletics and other competition or into kidding their friends. In other words, I?d explain that playing at war is a natural step in the disciplining of the aggression of young children; that a cautious parent doesn?t really need to worry about producing a criminal. But nowadays I?d give parents much more encouragement to guide their child away from violence. A number of incidents have convinced me of the importance of this. One of the first things that made me change my mind, several years ago, was an observation that an experienced nursery school teacher told me about. Her children were hitting each other much more than previously, without reason. When she talked to them, they would protest, “But that?s what the Three Stooges do.” (This was a children?s TV program full of violence which immediately became very popular.) What further shocked me into reconsidering my view was the assassination(暗杀)of the former President, and the fact that some schoolchildren cheered about this. (I didn?t so much blame the children as I blamed the kind of parents who will say about a President they dislike, “I?d shoot him if I got the chance!”) These incidents made me think of other evidences that Americans often tolerate lawlessness and violence. We were hard on the Indians and the later waves of immigrants. At times we denied justice to groups with different religions or political views. And now a great percentage of our adult as well as our child population has been endlessly fascinated with dramas of Western violence and with cruel crime stories, in movies and on television. This doesn?t necessarily mean that we Americans on the average have more aggressiveness inside us than the people of other nations. I think rather that the aggressiveness we have is less controlled, from childhood on.

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To me it seems very clear that in order to have a more stable and civilized national life we must bring up the next generation of Americans with a greater respect for law and for other people?s rights than in the past. There are many ways in which we could and should teach these attitudes. One simple opportunity we could seize in the first half of childhood is to show our disapproval of lawlessness and violence in television programs and in children?s gun play. I also believe that the survival of the world now depends on a much greater awareness of the need to avoid war and to actively seek peaceful agreements. There are enough nuclear arms to completely destroy all civilization. This terrifying situation demands a much greater stability and self-control on the part of national leaders and citizens than they have ever shown in the past. We owe it to our children to prepare them deliberately for this awesome responsibility. 59. The underlined word “this” in Paragraph 1 refers to______. A. controlling their aggressiveness B. playing with toy guns C. aggressive behaviour D. the course of growing up 60. Based on the author, s view about the relationship between children’ s aggressiveness and their age, which of the following is true? A. A 2-year old boy knows that it is not correct to behave aggressively. B. The older children become, the less aggressive they will be. C. 6- to 12-year-olds enjoy war games but develop them into argument and serious fights. D. Adolescents? aggressiveness is often displayed in the form of competition. 61. What conclusion does the author intend to draw from the story told by the nursery school teacher? A. Watching violence can lower a child?s standard of behaviour. B. Violent TV programs should be banned in nursery schools. C. Children are generally lawless or violent nowadays. I D. It is acceptable to let children have toy guns. 62. What does Paragraph 7 mainly talk about? A. Examples showing that Americans are more aggressive than other nations. B. Evidences proving that America has a long history of lawlessness and violence. C. The idea that children are less able to put their aggressiveness under control. D. More reasons why the author changed his view on the main issue of the article. 63. What is a must if people intend to enjoy stability and civilized national life? A. To show disapproval of gun play in television programs. B. To make people aware that there are already enough nuclear arms. C. To elect national leaders with greater stability and self-control. D. To bring up children who show more respect for the law and others? rights. 64. Which of the following serves best as the title of the article? A. How Does Age Influence Aggressiveness? B. Are American Children Becoming More Aggressive? C. Should Children Play With Guns? D. What Should Parents Teach Their Children?

第二卷(非选择题, 共两大题, 35 分)
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第四部分:任务型阅读(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分, 满分 10 分) 请认真阅读下列短文 , 并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单 词。注意:每个空格只填 1 个单词。请将答案写在答题纸上相应题号的横线上。 “I invented a new word. How do I get it into the dictionary?” This is, by far, the question lexicographers(词典编纂者)hear the most. People invent new words all the time, but which ones actually make it into the dictionary? When lexicographers decide what words to add to dictionaries, they try to imagine what words users actually want to look up. There are important factors to keep in mind here. Is the word in widespread usage? The usage question is an important one that gets at the heart of how dictionaries are written. When modem lexicographers try to add words to dictionaries, they tend to approach their work from the angle of descriptivism — that is, they observe how the language is being used, see if it, s a common phenomenon, and then write definitions based on their research. Does the word have staying power? Widespread usage does not, however, guarantee a word a shiny new definition in a dictionary. Is the word going to stay around for a while, or is it just a passing fad? Is it likely to be in use in 5, 10, 20, or even 100 years? These are important questions to ask because there are far more updates and new words to be added to dictionaries than lexicographers have time to write. Are you famous? Do you have influence? If you?re famous, that could definitely up your chances of getting a word into a dictionary. Are you a writer? That could help. Take, for example, William Shakespeare, who invented (or at least popularized) hundreds of words and phrases commonly used today. Politicians also make their contributions. Abraham Lincoln invented the word neologize, and Winston Churchill has the first citation(引语)in the OED for many words, including fluffily and fly-in. So if you?re a person with influence and a following, the words you use can spread into common usage, which, as discussed above, is very important when it comes to gaining dictionary-entry. Does the word fill a gap in the language? If you?re not famous, there are other ways. Maybe you?re a scientist introducing new concepts to the public. Take, for example, the Higgs Boson particle(粒子), named after physicist Peter W. Higgs. But you don?t have to be a scientist to get your word a dictionary entry. Just look at Dominique Ansel, the pastry chef (糕点师) who captured the stomachs of New Yorkers with his dessert, the cronat. His invention even inspired copycats in the form of doissants and daffins. Apart from these, it does sometimes help if the word is fun to say. The term blog is relatively new, which arose in 1999 when Peter Merholz made a light-hearted comment on the sidebar of his “weblog” telling his readers “I?ve decided to pronounce the word ?weblog? as wee?-blog. Or ?blog? for short.” And there?s also Dr. Seuss, who invented the term nerd. So, why do some words make it into dictionaries while others don?t? With the knowledge discussed above in hand, the answer is more than obvious. Go forth! Use language creatively! Lexicographers are listening! Reasons Being used (72)_______ Title: How does a word gain (71)______ into the dictionary? Details Examples With the approach of descriptivism, modem lexicographers will observe how commonly a

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word is used and (73) _______ it according to their research. Having staying power Being invented by famous people (77)_________ a gap in the language Being fun to say The (74) _______ a word remains in use, the. more likely it is to be put into the dictionary. Chances of dictionary entry also (75)

_______ if the new word is invented by
people of importance and influence. If a word introduces new scientific concepts, or (78) _______ new inventions, it will probably get into the dictionary. Some words make it into dictionaries because they carry a (79) _______ of fun when you use them.

hundreds of words and phrases invented by literary figures and (76)_________. the Higgs Boson particle;

cromit, doissants, duffins
(80) _______ nerd

第五部分:书面表达(满分 25 分) 阅读下面短文, 然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 High school students in Victoria, Australia have been offered Education Department advice ahead of their written exams. The advice has been developed by the state Education Department together with a mental health organization. “Exams can be a stressful time and the government is ensuring that students have the support they need to get through the period,” Education Minister Martin Dixon said. Students are advised to breathe deeply through their noses as a relaxation technique, to have a healthy diet, and to improve their mood by exercising. The importance of sleep, staying connected with family and friends, and planned study times are emphasized. Students will also learn “positive self-talk”. “The positive way that you talk to yourself can be used for greater confidence and reducing stress, and can be a very effective way to prepare yourself for a big test or exam,” students are told. The tips encourage young people to speak up if they are having difficulty, and remember that life will go on beyond exams. At the same time, students with serious problems are urged to seek professional help. 【写作内容】 用约 30 个单词写出上文概要; 用约 120 个单词对文中所述话题进行讨论, 内容包括: 你学习或生活中面对怎样的压力; 你正在或打算如何应对这些压力。 【写作要求】 作文中可以使用自己的亲身经历或虚构的故事 , 也可以参照阅读材料的内容 , 但不得 直接引用原文中的句子; 文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称; 不必写标题。 【评分标准】 内容完整, 语言规范, 语篇连贯, 词数适当。

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