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大学英语四级 阅读中如何辨别干扰选项

时间:2010-12-24


规律1 规律
? 不分轻重 不分轻重P36 ? Another common episode of absentmindedness: walking into a room and wondering why you’re there. Most likely, you were thinking about something else. “Everyone does this from time to time,” says Zelinski. The best thing to do is to return to where you were before entering the room, and you’ll likely remember.

29. What do we learn from the last paragraph?
? A) If we focus our attention on one thing, we might forget another. ? B) Memory depends to a certain extent on the environment. ? C) Repetition helps improve our memory. ? D) If we keep forgetting things, we’d better return to where we were.

规律2 规律
? 曲解原意,偷换概念 曲解原意, ? 选项在同义替换的时候,要注意替 选项在同义替换的时候, 换的词与原文是否一致。 换的词与原文是否一致。注意有没 有断章取义或歪曲事实。 有断章取义或歪曲事实。

example
? In my fridgeless Fifties childhood, I was fed well and healthy. ? The milkman came daily, the grocer, the butcher (肉商 the baker, and the ice-cream 肉商), 肉商 man delivered two or three times a week. The Sunday meat would last until Wednesday and surplus (剩余的 bread and 剩余的) 剩余的 milk became all kinds of cakes. Nothing was wasted, and we were never troubled by rotten food.

11. The statement “In my fridgeless Fifties childhood, I was fed well and healthily.” suggests that ________. ? A) the author was well-fed and healthy even without a fridge in his fifties ? B) the author was not accustomed to (习惯) 习惯) using fridges even in his fifties ? C) there was no fridge in the author’s home in the 1950s ? D) the fridge was in its early stage of ? development in the 1950s ? C

规律3 规律
? 张冠李戴 ? 把对A的描述、评价套用在B上。 把对 的描述、评价套用在 上 的描述

P 57

规律4 规律
? ? 答非所问 有的选项在文中有提及,但不能 有的选项在文中有提及, 够回答问题或者逻辑关系出现混 乱。

Consequently, most of the world’s fridges are to be found, not in the tropics where they might prove useful, but in the wealthy countries with mild temperatures where they are climatically almost unnecessary.

Every winter, millions of fridges hum away continuously, and at vast expense, busily maintaining an artificiallycooled space inside an artificially-heated housewhile outside, nature provides the desired temperature free of charge.

Which of the following phrases in the fifth paragraph indicates the fridge’s negative effect on the environment?
? ? ? ? A) “Hum away continuously”. B) “Climatically almost unnecessary”. C) “Artificially-cooled space”. D) “With mild temperatures”. ? A

规律5 规律
? 定义肤浅 ? 选项给出的是某个关键词的字面意 义或肤浅意义。 义或肤浅意义。

example
? P57 /11

规律6 规律
? 选项与常识或与人们看法相符,但 选项与常识或与人们看法相符, 文中没有提及或者虽然有提及却不 足以推断出该观点。 足以推断出该观点。 ? p53

Even dinner party, if they happen at all, have gone casual. In a time of long work hours and demanding family schedules, busy hosts insist, rightly, that it’s better to share a takeout pizza on paper plates in the family room than to wait for the perfect moment or a “real” dinner party.

Too often, the perfect moment never comes. Iron a fine-patterned tablecloth? Forget it. Polish the silver? Who has time?

Yet the loss of formality has its down side. The fine points of etiquette that children might once have learned at the table by observation or instruction from parents and grandparents

(“chew with your mouth closed” “keep your elbows off the table”) must be picked up elsewhere. Some companies now offer etiquette seminars for employers who may be competent professionally but clueless socially.

Which of the following may be the best reason for casual dining?
? A. family members need more time to relax. ? B. busy schedules leave people no time for formality ? C. People want to practice economy in time of scarcity. ? D. young people won’t follow the etiquette ? of the older generation. ? B

做阅读理解的大体规则
? 主旨题: 主旨题:

? 中心思想是解;概括性的是解, 中心思想是解;概括性的是解, 包括正反两面的是解; 包括正反两面的是解;肤浅片面 的不是解; 的不是解;

词义理解题: 词义理解题:
? 字面意思一般不是答案,深刻含义 字面意思一般不是答案, 是答案。 是答案。 ? 照抄原文不是答案,同义替换的是 照抄原文不是答案, 答案; 答案; ? 绝对的不是答案,相对的是答案; 绝对的不是答案,相对的是答案; ? 具体的不是答案,抽象的是答案; 具体的不是答案,抽象的是答案; ? 符合常识的,看着合理的不是答案, 符合常识的,看着合理的不是答案, 反常的往往是答案。 反常的往往是答案。


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