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选修8Module 4Which English?

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,[学生用书 P231])

Ⅰ.单词拼写 根据词义写出英文单词。 1.matter v. 重要,要紧;有关系 2.count v. 很重要;很有价值 3.unique_ adj. 独一无二的;独特的 4.debate n. 讨论;辩论 5.acquire v. 得到,获得 6.furthermore adv. 此外,而且 7.splendid adj. 极好的;优秀的 8.association n. 联系 9.dilemma n. 进退两难的境地;困难的抉择 10.relevant adj. 有关的;切题的 11.convey v. 传达,传递 12.concept n. 概念;观念 13.clarify v. 弄明白;澄清 14.tendency n. 趋向;偏好;倾向 15.select v. 挑选,选择 16.withdraw v. 收回;撤销(说过的话) 17.reject v. 拒绝接受 18.potential adj. 潜在的;可能的 19.betray v. 对??不忠 20.overcome v. 征服;战胜 21.oppose v. 反对 22.conflict n. 抵触;冲突 23.superior adj. 更好的;更强的 24.status n. 地位 25.classify v. 将??分类 Ⅱ.单词拓展 写出下列单词及其派生词。 1.complain v. 抱怨;不满 complaint n. 抱怨 2.convinced adj. 确信的,信服的 convince vt. 确信,信服

3.significance n. 意义;含义 significant adj. 有意义的 4.resist v. 反抗;抵抗 resistant adj. 反抗的 resistance n. 反抗;抵抗 5.approval n. 赞许;赞成 approve v. 赞同;批准 1.tell...apart 区分开 2.as_long_as 只要 3._lie_in 在于 4.in_conclusion 总之 5.a_huge_number_of 大量的 6.get_down_to_sth. 开始做某事 7.let_sb.down 使某人失望 His plan was initially(最初)rejected(拒绝)by his superiors(上 级).But he finally overcame(解决)countless(无数的)difficulties and solved many relevant(有关的)problems.He convinced(使相信)them that it really counted(有价值). And they didn’t let_him_down(使他失 望).Now,they have approved(批准)his plan.

语境填词

1. whether..or... “不论??还是??” In this sense everybody’s use of language—whether English,Chinese,or any other—is different. 【仿写】 我真的不在意他是否留下来。 I really don’t care whether_he_will_stay_or_not. 2.as many/much+n.+as 表示“与??一样多” You could say that there are as many varieties of English,or any other language for that matter,as there are speakers of it. 【仿写】 他不像人们想象的那样有很多钱。 He doesn’t have as_much_money_as_people_think. 3. It is estimated that...意为“据估计??” It is estimated that 1.3 billion people will use English as either a first or a second language by 2050. 【仿写】 据估计这幅画值三千美元。 It_is_estimated_that the painting is worth $3,000. 4.主语+be+ adj.+to do sth.(不定式主动表示被动) English has a huge number of colourful and splendid expressions which may be difficult to understand. 【仿写】 他的小说很容易懂。

His novel is_easy_to_understand. 阅读下面课文缩写材料, 在空白处填入适当的内容或括号内单词的正确形式(不多于 3 个 单词)。 English 1.is_spoken(speak)as an official language in more than 60 countries and it can sound very different from place to place.Pronunciation,as well as grammar and vocabulary,can change very quickly from one area to 2.another.In fact,there is not really a standard form 3.that/which everyone can agree on.Perhaps correctness doesn’t matter—as long as speakers can understand each other—it’s communication 4.that counts.Australia is one of the youngest nations in the world.The first English speakers arrived little more than 200 years ago.They found a people who 5.had_been_living(live)in Australia for more than 50 , 000 years — the Aborigines , and an extraordinary 6.variety(vary)of wildlife.Many of the Aboriginal words for these animals soon passed into the language.The main differences between Australian English and other varieties of English lie 7.in the individual sounds and intonation patterns.But in Singapore,English is a second language 8.spoken(speak)by about half the population.The most common variety of English, which has been influenced in 9.particular(particularly)by Malay and the Chinese dialect Hokkien,is 10.known(know)as Singlish.

,[学生用书 P232])

1. debate n.辩论,讨论 v.辩论,争论,讨论 (教材 P45)Today there is a debate in Singapore about which variety of English is the best:... 今天在新加坡有一场关于哪种英语最好的争论:?? (1)debate with sb.about sth. 和某人就某事辩论 debate about/on 就??辩论 (2)have a debate with sb.about sth. 与某人就某事争论 under debate 正在讨论中 beyond debate 无可争辩 ①(2014· 高考安徽卷· 任务型读写)The issue of whether classical music is relevant to young people causes heated debate. 古典音乐是否与年轻人有关的话题引起了激烈的争论。 ②I don’t wish to debate with you about my opinions. 我不想就我的看法同你辩论。 ③Whether he deserves what has happened to him is still under_debate. 他是否罪有应得仍在 讨论之中。 2. convinced adj.确信的,信服的 (教材 P51)Experts are convinced that this will happen in the future as more and more people learn English and call it their own. 专家们相信,当越来越多的人学英语并称其为自己的语言 时,这种情况将会发生。 (1)be convinced of.../that... 确信??,承认 (2) convince v. 说服,使相信 convince sb.of sth. 使某人相信/信服 convince sb. to do 说服某人去做某事 convince that... 使某人相信?? (3)convincing adj. 有说服力的 ①(牛津词典)I am convinced of her innocence. 我坚信她是清白无辜的。 ②(朗文辞典)I’ve been trying to convince Jean to go with me.我一直设法说服吉恩跟我一 起来。 ③I try to convince_him_of_the reality of danger.=I try to convince him that there is danger in reality. 我试图使他相信危险的确存在。

【活用】——用 convince 的适当形式填空 His idea was not convincing.At last I convinced him to change his mind. 他的观点没有说服力,最终我说服他改变了注意。 3. oppose vt.反对,以??对抗,抗争 (教材 P53)...,meaning we will oppose prejudice against black people and resist conflict between Americans. ??,意思是我们反对对黑人的歧视,并且反抗美国人之间的冲突。 (1) oppose(doing) sth. 反对(干)某事 object to(doing) sth. 反对?? (2)opposed adj. 反对的,对抗的,敌对的 be opposed to(doing)sth. 反对(干)某事 ①(牛津词典)She remained bitterly opposed to the idea of moving abroad.她仍然强烈反对 移居国外。 ②Most of us opposed_carrying_out the plan. 我们中大多数人反对执行这项计划。 ③I object to such treatment/being treated like this. 受到这样的待遇我表示抗议。 【巧学助记】

4. tell...apart 区分开,辨别出 (教材 P44)It is also quite easy to tell British and American English apart. 要将英国英语与美国英语分辨开来也很容易。 take...apart 把??拆开 fall apart 土崩瓦解 apart from 除??之外 tell the difference between 区分,区别 tell...from... 分辨出,辨别出 ①The two pets are very similar so it’s difficult to tell them apart.这两种宠物很相似,很难 把它们区分开。 ②It was hard to tell_the_difference_between the two versions.很难分辨这两个版本有什么 区别。 ③(牛津词典)Can you tell Tom from his twin brother? 你能分辨出汤姆和他的孪生兄弟 吗? ④It is easy to take apart a clock but it is difficult to resemble it.拆钟容易,重装难。 5. get down to (doing)sth. 开始认真做某事 (教材 P53)Thus,to talk turkey means to get down to business. 因此, “to talk turkey”的意 思是开始做正事。 get over 克服 get across 传遍;为人理解

get through 做完;用完;通过(考试);接通(电话) get along/on with sb. 与某人相处愉快 get along/on with sth. 进展 ①After some pleasant talk,we got down to business. 寒暄笑谈之后,我们开始干正事。 ②(牛津词典)It’s time I got down to thinking about that essay.我该认真思考一下那篇论文 了。 ③We can surely get_over all difficulties that may come up.我们一定能够克服可能发生的一 切困难。 ④How can I get_it_across to you people how important this is?我怎么做才能让你们这些 人理解这件事的重要性? ?温馨提醒 表示“开始做/着手做某事”的短语还有: set about doing sth.; set out to do sth.。 6. let sb.down 使某人失望 (教材 P53)With friends like these,who needs enemies? means a friend has betrayed your trust or let you down. “和这些朋友在一起,谁还需要敌人?”意思是朋友辜负了你的信任或让你失望。 let sth.down 放下某物;放低某物 let...in/into 允许??进入 let out 使出去;放出;泄露 let alone 更不用说;不管(惹),不烦扰 let sb./sth. alone 不管/不干涉某人/物 ①The team felt that they had let the coach down. 队员们觉得他们让教练失望了。 ②(朗文辞典)The windows don’t let in much light. 这些窗户透过的光线不多。 ③Your mother is tired—let_her_alone! 你妈妈累了——别打扰她! 【活用】——用 let 短语完成小片段 They didn’ t even refer to that question, let_alone(更不用说)discuss it.Joe got angry, thinking we hadn’t taken it seriously and saying that we let_him_down(使他失望).I went to see him and told him the fact.But he didn’t believe me.I just let_him_alone(不管他). Ⅰ.词汇自测 A)根据句意及汉语提示,写出所缺单词。 1.In a library,books and magazines are usually classified(分类)by subjects. 2.Eventually she managed to overcome(克服)her shyness in class. 3.His words conveying(传达)an unfriendly attitude made the people present annoyed. 4.There have been many conflicts(冲突)though the world is in peace generally. 5.The house is too small,and furthermore(而且)it’s too far from the office. B)在句中空白处填入括号内单词的正确形式(不多于 3 个单词)。 6.He was firmly convinced(convince)of the possibility of life on other planets. 7.She often complains(complaint)to her boss about her being paid badly.

8.Just to satisfy my curiosity(curious),how much did you pay for your car? 9.China was opposed(oppose)to a U.S.bill that regards China’s territory as under the authority of a U.S.Japan security pact. 10.Among the young people,there is a growing tendency(tend)to regard money more highly than the quality of life. Ⅱ.选词填空 用方框中短语的适当形式完成下列句子。 in conclusion;get down to;tell...apart;let sb. down;lie in 1.You can tell my twin brother and me apart by this mark on my face. 2.I’m counting on you to support me—don’t let me down. 3.It’s high time that we got_down_to dealing with the problem of food safety. 4.It is obvious that Ma Yun’s success lies_in his smartness. 5.In_conclusion,I’d like to thank you for all you’ve done for me.

(教材 P44)Perhaps correctness doesn’t matter —as long as speakers can understand each other —it’s communication that counts. 也许正确与否不要紧——只要说话的人互相明白就行—— 重要的是交流本身。 句中 as long as(=so long as)意为“只要”,引导条件状语从句。从句中常用一般现在时 代替一般将来时。 as good as 与??一样好;几乎和??一样 as far as 远至;就??而言 as well as 和??一样好;除??之外,既??又?? as soon as 一??就?? as many/much as 多达??;和??一样多 ①(2014· 高考北京卷· 阅读理解)As long as you have direct control over your goal,you have a much higher chance of success. 只要你直接掌控了你的目标,你成功的机会将会更大。 ②If he finds out that I am lying,I am as good as dead. 如果他发现我在撒谎,我就没命了。 ③As_well_as learning to swim he had been taking Spanish lessons in the summer of 2015. 2015 年夏天,他除了学习游泳外,他还在上西班牙语课。 ④As_many_as 100 people were killed in the air crash. 这次空难中多达 100 人丧生。 ⑤As_far_as I’m concerned,it sounds like a great idea. 就我而言,这听起来是个很好的主意。 ?温馨提醒 as long as 还可以表示“和??一样长”,可以指时间、长度。 Ⅰ.完成句子 1.Whether_the_weather_is_fine_or_not_tomorrow(无论明天天气好坏),I will pay him a visit. 2.As_long_as_you_can_keep_away_from_them(只要你离他们远一点),you are safe. 3.It_is_estimated_that(据估计)the project will last four years. 4.The water in the polluted river is_not_fit_to_drink(不适合饮用).

[写作素材] 1.我的同学李华是一个充满好奇心的学生,他从不让父母失望。 2.他读了很多书。他学习很用功,在课堂上,他努力去理解老师所讲的内容。 3.他认为只要努力学习,成绩高低不要紧。 4.面对困难,他从不气馁,总是尽力去克服。 5.总的来说,李华是一名优秀的学生,他受到同学们的欢迎。 提示:黑体部分用本单元词汇表达。 [连句成篇](将以上句子连成一篇 80 词左右的英语短文。) ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ One possible version: My classmate Li Hua is a student who is full of curiosity and he never lets his parents down.He has read a huge number of books.He works hard, and in class, he tried to make out what the teacher said.He thinks as long as he studies hard, it doesn’t matter whether his grade is high or low.Faced with difficulty,he never loses heart and always tries his best to overcome it.In conclusion,Li Hua,who is popular with his classmates,is an excellent student. 温馨提示 完成作业:课后达标检测 46


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