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高中英语 Unit1 Reading II课件 新人教版必修2

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琥珀是史前松树脂的化石。琥珀是由千万年 前植物所分泌出来的树脂,经过地壳变动而 深埋地下,逐渐演化而成的一种天然化石。 形成于4000万年至6000万年前,琥珀的主要 成分是碳、氢、氧以及少量的硫,硬度2-3, 比重1.05-1.10,熔点150C-180C,燃点 250C-375C。琥珀是很“涩”的物质,没有 两块琥珀是完全相同的。品种有金珀、虫珀、 香珀、灵珀、石珀、花

珀、水珀、明珀、蜡 珀等,尤以含有完整昆虫或植物的琥珀为珍 贵。

Amber

Raw
Can you imagine what a room made of amber looks like?

amber

A picture of the Amber Room Do you know what picture this is? in St Petersburg in Russia

Catherine Palace

琥 珀 屋 The Amber Room
1709年,生性豪奢的普鲁士国王腓特烈一世命令当时普鲁士最有名的建筑师 安· 休鲁达和戈· 德恩着手兴建“琥珀屋”(Amber Room)。完成后的琥珀屋 面积约55平方米,共有全由琥珀制成的12块护壁镶板和12个柱脚,其上饰有银 箔,可任意拼装成各种形状。在当时,琥珀的价值为黄金的13倍,因此“琥珀 屋”无论从材料的贵重程度还是工艺水平来说都堪称稀世奇珍,曾有“世界第 八奇迹”之誉。 为了向俄国示好,加强两国间的军事同盟关系,腓特烈一世在1716年决定将 琥珀屋赠予俄国的彼得大帝。1717年,琥珀屋被运抵俄国的圣彼得堡。后来, 这座估计价值1亿5千万英镑的艺术珍品又被运到了圣彼得堡郊外沙皇村(后更 名为普希金城)的凯瑟琳宫。 德国入侵前苏联后,凯瑟琳宫的工匠曾打算用纱和假墙纸把琥珀屋遮盖起来。 不过,攻占皇宫的德军识破了伪装,将琥珀屋拆开运到了德国。人们知道德国 人曾把琥珀屋收藏在东普鲁士的哥尼斯堡,但自那以后就再也没有人清楚它的 下落。60年来,人们有过各种各样的揣测,寻找,却始终不见其踪影。充满传 奇色彩的琥珀屋成了全世界最重要的失踪艺术品之一。

?Listen to the text, trying to get the main idea about the text.

It tells us the strange history of the Amber Room, a cultural relic of two countries: Germany and Russia.

1.How many tone of amber were used to make the Amber Room? 2.What else were used to make the room besides amber? 3.Why was the Amber Room first built? 4.When and why did Frederick William I give the Amber Room to Peter the Great? 5.What did Peter give in return? 6.What did Catherine Ⅱdo with the Amber Room? 7.When and how was the Amber Room supposed to have been lost?

Questions:
1. How many tons of amber were used to make the Amber Room? Seven thousand tons. 2. What else were used to make the Amber Room? Gold and jewels. 3. Why was the Amber Room first built? It was built for the palace of Frederick. 4. When and why Frederick William I give the Amber Room to Peter The Great? In 1716. It was given as a gift of friendship from the Prussian to Russian people.

5. What did Peter the Great give in return? 55 of his best soldiers. 6. What did Catherine the Great do with the Amber Room? She told her artists to add more details to its design. 7. When and how was the Amber Room supposed to have been lost? In September, 1941. The Nazis secretly stole the Amber Room.

1.What could the King of Prussia never think of his present to the Russian? He could never think of his present would have such a strange history. 2. Why was the gift given the name the Amber Room? Because about seven thousand tons of amber were melt to make it. 3. What shape can the amber be made into when heated? Any shape. 4. Is the Amber Room pure amber made with? No. It’s also made with gold and jewels. 5. Was the Amber Room specially made to be a gift? No, it wasn’t. 6. What was the Amber Room made for? For the palace of Frederick I.

7. Where was the Amber Room first placed? In the Czar’s winter palace in St Petersburg. 8. Is the Amber Room still in Russia? No, it isn’t. 9. Where is it now? No one knows. It remains a mystery. 10. What happened to the Amber Room? It was stolen by the Nazis and is missing now. 11. What were saved from the Amber Room? The furniture and small art objects. 12. How old is St Petersburg now? 300 years old now.

Built in Prussia____Frederick William I ____ Sent it to Peter the ____ Winter ____ Catherine II palace Move outside ____ Great Czar St Petersburg (Russian) The war between(R&G) ____ Sent to ____ mystery____ Nazi German Konigsberg Secretly stole (G) Now Rebuilt

Group work

? Discuss the following topic in groups, then show your opinions: ? Do you think it is meaningful to rebuild the new Amber Room? Why?
in search of ----- looking for

e.g. I’m now in search of a house to live in. At that time many people went to the west in search of gold.

1. Frederick William I, the King of Prussia, could never have imagined __________________________ that his greatest gift to the Russian people would have such a strange history. 普鲁士国王腓特烈· 威廉一世从 来也不会想到他赠送给俄国人民的礼物会有如此 离奇的历史。 could not/never have done 对过去所发生事情的 否定推测
The ground is wet everywhere. It must have rained last night. I could have lent him money (我本可以把钱借给他) _______________________ but he didn’t tell me he needed it. You must felt very nervous (你一定感到很紧张) _______________________ when you spoke in front of so many people.

2. Although it feels as hard as stone, it easily melts____________ . 尽管它摸上去像石头一 when heated 样坚硬,然而加热时它却很容易融化。 when heated 是when it is heated 的省略形式。 状语从句中,若其主语和主句的主语一致, 同时谓语动词含有系动词be, 或it is/was结构, 可省去该从句的主语和系动词be,留下其余 部分。 Turn to him for help if necessary. asked When __________ why he was late, he went red. (ask) Be careful when __________ the street. (cross) crossing

3. Once it is heated, the amber room can be made into any shape. (P1, L4) 一旦加热,可以把琥珀 制作成任何形状。 once 为从属连词,意为“一旦” Once you begin to do it, you must do it well. Once you see it, you’ll like it. be made into 被制成 be made of 由……制成(能看出原材料) 由……制成(看不出原材料)be made from 由……组成/构成 be made up of 产于,生产于(某地/某时) be made in

be made into 1. The wood here will _____________ table. is made of 2. The bottle ___________ glass. is made from 3. The kind of wine ________________ grapes. is made up of 4. This class _____________ 60 students. are made in 5. The machines ______________ china.

4. The design for the room was of the fancy style popular in those days. (P1, L5) 琥珀 屋的设计具有当时那个年代最流行的奇 特风格。 fancy adj. 奇特的,花样的 I don’t feel like making a fancy meal.

vt. 想象,推测,假想 1) Don’t fancy that you can succeed without hard work. 2) I can’t fancy his doing such a thing. 3) I fancied him to be dead. 4) He fancies himself as a good writer. 5) Do you fancy a glass of coffee? 6) I don’t fancy walking in the rain. fancy + that-/one’s doing sth/sb to be…/sb as/sth/doing sth

of the fancy style “of +抽象名词”表示人或事物所具有的特 征,特性,可在句中做表语或后置定语。 1) They are of different sizes, but they are the same in weight. 2) I don’t find anything of interest in today’s newspaper 3) Your advise is of great help to learners of English. 4) They are of great help to learners of English.

of great importance= important of interest= interesting of use= useful of value= valuable of help= helpful

Once seen 1.___________ (一旦见到), the beautiful scenery can be never forgotten. 2.I won’t attend their party even if invited _______________ (即使被邀请). unless spoken to 3.She will remain silent ___________________ (如果不跟她说话). when staying 4.I called on them ______________ (逗留) in London. 5.___________________ (当第一次介绍) to us, When first introduced he looked shy. are of different sizes 6.These models _________________ (大小各异). 7.The meeting is of great importance(很重要). __________________ 8. Such books ___________________ (没用). are of no use are of great help 9. They ______________ (很有帮助)to learners of English. 10. Your advice is of great value ______________(很有价值)to our work.

of high quality 高质量的 of different colours 颜色不同的 of the same size 一样大小的 of this kind 属于这一类的 5. in return (for) ---as repayment (for)作为报答 e.g. I really don’t know what I can present in return. He did something in return for their kindness.

6. About four metres long, the room served as a small reception hall for important visitors. (Para2, L9) 琥珀屋约四米长,做 了接待贵宾的小接待厅。 serve as 担任,充当 He served two terms as President. He served as a waiter there. When you sleep in the open, old newspapers can serve as a blanket.

7. She told her artists to add more details to its design. (Para3, L3) 她告诉他的艺术家们 将设计方案再增加更多的细节。 add…to…把……加进……里去 He added that he was very pleased with our work. Please add some sugar to the milk. Add the score up. His being absent added to our difficulty. The money he spent one day added up to about $100.

8. light v. (pt, pp lit or –ed; but –ed usu as an attrib adj.) cause to begin burning or give out light照亮,点亮 e.g. He lit a lamp/candle/cigarette/fire. These streets are lit/lighted by electricity. She entered the room, with a lighted candle in her hand. 注:light的过去式或过去分词可用lighted或lit,但作定语修 饰名词时用lighted 9. wonder n. thing or event causing surprised feeling combined with admiration奇迹 e.g. Walking on the moon is one of the wonders of our times. What a wonder it is!

10. This was a time when the two countries were at war. (Para4, L2)这是两国交战 时期。 at war 处于战争状态,介词at可表示状 态或动作。 at peace at breakfast at rest at table at work at school at the piano at one’s best

11. remove vt. take to another place移动,搬开
e.g. Remove your hand from my shoulder, will you? She removed the cloth from the table. remove one’s clothes remove…from … 12. furniture n.(总称)家具 典型错误: They bought many new furnitures. much new furniture furniture 为不可数名词 一件家具 a piece of furniture

There is much furniture in his house.

13. There is no doubt that the boxes were then put on a train for Konigsberg, at that time a German city on the Baltic Sea. (Para4, L6) 毫 无疑问,这些箱子后来被装上火车运往哥尼 斯堡,当时它是波罗的海边的一个德国城市。 There is no doubt 毫无疑问 = It’s clear = It’s beyond argument
There is no doubt that he can do the work well.

e.g. I have no doubt that he will succeed. that he is honest. There is no doubt about his honesty. e.g. I doubt his ability to the work. We doubt the truth of the news. I don’t doubt that he will succeed. I doubt whether he will come. 注意: doubt后面跟that还是whether引导从句的根据: 一般来说,否定句型中多用that从句;肯定句型中多用 whether 从句.

Assignments: Change the following sentences 1. The bike there is his. belongs to him The bike there _______ _______ ______. 2. Britain was fighting against Germany then. were at war Britain and Germany ______ _____ _____ then. 3. It is certain that they will come. There _____ _____ _____ _____ they will come. no doubt that _____ is 4. What really happened to the Amber Room is still a mystery. remains What really happened to the Amber Room _______ a
mystery.

5. Jack went to look for a doctor for his sick wife. in search of Jack went _____ ______ _____ a doctor for his sick wife.

P44

Feng Jicai

冯骥才,男,浙江宁波人,中国当代 作家和画家。1942年生于天津。初为 画家,专事摹古。“文革”后为崛起 的伤痕文学代表作家1985年以后,其 “文化反思小说”对文坛产生深远影 响。作品题材广泛,形式多样,已出 版各种作品集近50余种。其中「啊」、 「雕花烟斗」、「高女人和她的矮丈 夫」、「神鞭」、「三寸金莲」、 「珍珠鸟」、「俗世奇人」等均获全 国文学奖。「感谢生活」由「炮打双 灯」改编的同名电影获“夏威夷电影 节”和“西班牙电影节”奖。作品被 译成英、法、德、意、日、俄、荷、 西、等10余种文字,在海外出版各种 译本30种。

◎冯骥才于20世纪90年 代以来,投入文化遗产 的抢救与保护工作,组 织多次大型文化抢救行 动,出版各种相关著作, 发表大量关于文化遗产 保护的思辨性与呼吁性 的文章,并在海内外举 行相关的演讲,对当代 中国文化界产生深远影 响。

1. Why does Big Feng want to save cultural relics? Big Feng and his friends offer each other help whoever needs help. So Feng believes that his work to save cultural relics is a way to thank many of his friends.
2. How does he save the cultural relics of his hometown? He goes out and does a lot of things as possible as he can. One of his biggest project was to… Another project was more successful…Not long ago, he took photos of the old part of Tianjin…

1.What does “a big heart ”mean? In what way does Feng Jicai show that he has a big heart? 2.Why does he think it is more important to do this than to write his novels? 3.It is very time-consuming(耗时的) and expensive for Feng Jicai to take care of cultural relics. Can you think of some other ways to help him with his projects?

1.What does “a big heart ”mean? In what way does Feng Jicai show that he has a big heart?

That he has a big heart means that he is very kind. You might say he is a gentle giant. His real name is Feng Jicai , and he has written many novels about life in China. Several years ago, he put down his pen and began to protect cultural relics in Tianjin, where he lives.

2.Why does he think it is more important to do this than to write his novels? He knows the past is not only for us to enjoy but also for the children of the future, so we should protect some old things such as the old street and buildings. And more people follow what he does, not what he says. So he thinks it is important to do this than to write his novels.

3.It is very time-consuming(耗时的) and expensive for Feng Jicai to take care of cultural relics. Can you think of some other ways to help him with his projects? Yes, I think there are some other ways to help him with his projects. For example, he and his friends can make a video about the old streets and buildings and broadcast this program on TV so that more people can know the importance of protecting the cultural relics and really take efficient actions to protect them.


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