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江苏省大丰市南阳中学2012-2013学年高一下学期第二次基础知识检测英语试题

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高一下学期第二次基础知识检测英语试题
第 I 卷 (选择题 三部分 共 85 分) 第一部分 听力(共两节;满分 20 分) 做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂 到答题卡上。 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 1. Why is the woman late? A. Because her alarm clock stopped working B. Because her alarm clock was slow C. Because her alarm clock was lost 2. What languages has the man learned to speak? A. Chinese and English B. French and Chinese C. French and English 3. Where does the conversation most probably take place? A. At the airport B. At the hotel C. At the office 4. When will the two speakers meet? A. At 6:15 B. At 6:45 C. At 7:15 5. What will the weather be like next Monday? A. Fine but cold B. Rainy and hot C. Rainy and cold 第二节(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6 至第 7 题。 6. Why does the woman change the first overcoat? A. It’s too expensive B. It’s a bit small C. It’s too large 7. What did the woman buy in the end? A. A silver jacket B. A silver gray overcoat C. A blue overcoat 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8 至第 9 题。 8. What was the weather like last week? A. Too warm B. Nice and sunny C. Neither hot nor cold 9. What are the two speakers going to do? A. Travel B. Have a picnic C. Have a holiday 听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至第 12 题。 10. Who did the man go on holiday with? A. His parents B. His friends C. His classmates 11. Where did the man travel in Scotland? A. Edinburgh and the Highlands B. St. Andrews and Edinburgh C. The Highlands and Loch Lomond 12. What’s the life of the people near Loch Lomond like? A. Hard B. Easy C. Busy 听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至第 16 题。 13. What happened just now? A. They got a power-cut B. The electric line was broken C. The man’s computer broke down 14. What did the man lose? A. His job B. His computer C. His one hour’s worth of work 15. What does the man think of the computer?
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A. The computer is very useful B. The computer is very expensive C. The computer always brings trouble 16. Why does the man have a lot of reading to do? A. He has an exam tomorrow B. He has a paper to write tonight C. He has to give a lecture tomorrow 听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至第 20 题。 17. What did Dong wenmei do before? A. She was a businesswoman B. She was a clothes seller C. She was a doctor 18. When did she start her business life? A. In 1993 B. In 1995 C. In 1997 19. What kind of people do Dong’s clothes fit? A. Children 2 and above as well as their parents B. Children aged between 3 and 12 as well as their parents C. Children aged between 3 and 12 as well as their parents 20. What can we learn from the speaker? A. Dong’s clothes only fit children B. Dong’s clothes are very expensive C. Dong’s clothes are very popular 第二部分 英语知识运用( 满分 35 分) 第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A,B,C,D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 21. Going to _______ Taiwan for holiday is _______ enjoyable and exciting experience for most people from the mainland of China. A. 不填; 不填 B. a ;the C. 不填; an D. the; 不填 22. The floor is dirty and it requires _________. A. being cleaned B. clean C. to clean D. cleaning 23. Look ! The building which _________now will be used as a library. A. is being built B. to be built C. is built D. being built 24. The mother as well as her two children ________shopping in the supermarket near their house every week. A. is going B. go C. goes D. are going 25. ________ really enjoyable, ____________ us a valuable lesson. A. Not only the film was; but also it gave B. Not only was the film; but also it gave C. Not only the film was; but did it also give D. Not only was the film; but did it also give 26. Each player tried his best to ______ the game. A. hit B. win C. beat D. strike 27. --Do you think that we should prepare for our exam in advance? -- Of course. _________. A. Actions speak louder than words B. Better late than never C. A good beginning is half done D. The early bird catches the worm(虫) 28. ___ in thought, he almost ran into the car in front of him. A. Losing B. Having lost C. Lost D. To lose 29. Sam ________ some knowledge of the computer just by watching others working on it. A. brought up B. looked up C. picked up D. set up 30. --Have you moved into the new office building? --Not yet. It _________. A. is decorating B. has been decorated C. is being decorated D. has been decorating 31. It was in the lab _______ was in the charge of Professor Zhang _____they did the experiment. A. where; that B. which; where C. that; where D. which; that 32. I will do ______ I can ____ you.
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A. all what; help B. all that; help C. all which; to help D.what; to help 33.If you don’t go,_________. A. neither shall I B. neither do I C. neither am I D. either shall I 34. Medical care in the country cannot compare with_____ of big cities. A. one B. that C. / D. the ones 35. This year alone, we’ve treated_____ in our hospital this year as we did last year. A. three times as many patients B. more than three times patients C. three times more patients D. three more times patients 第二节 完型填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从各题所给的四个选项 A﹑B﹑C﹑D 中,选出可以填 入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 After the earthquake hit northeast Japan on March 11, 2011, many touching stories that I saw with my own eyes happened around me. I had to walk home since all the 36 had stopped after the quake. On my way home I 37 an old Japanese lady at the bakery shop who was giving out free bread, which made my heart 38 . A middle-aged Japanese man was holding a sign that read, “Please use our 39 .” He was 40 his house for people to go to the restroom. My friend wanted to 41 others. He stood in the cold with a sign “If you are okay with a motorcycle, I will 42 you to your house.” And then I saw him take one gentleman home, all the way to a faraway place! Then the next day I drove to 43 my car with gas. There was a 44 of gas now and many gasoline stations were either closed or had very 45 lines. I got 46 ,since I was behind 15 cars. Finally, when it was my 47 , the man smiled and said, “ 48 this situation, we are only selling each person $ 30 worth of gas. Is that alright?” “Of course, I’m just glad that we are all able to 49 ,” I said. His smile gave me so much 50 . I saw a man at the evacuation (疏散) center 51 when people brought food to him, It was the first time in three days that food has been brought to their center. However, after he wiped the tears, his next 52 surprised me. “I am very 53 that we are provided with food. But people in the city next to us haven’t 54 any food at all. Please go to that centre as well.” And when hearing that, I realized there is a bright future on the other side of this 55 . 36.A.traffic B.rescue Ccommunication D.businesses 37.A.missed B.caught C.noticed D.heard 38.A.hungry B.soft C.broken D.warm 39.A.toilet B.hotel C.hospital D.house 40.A.advertising B.opening C.repairing D.decorating 41.A.encourage B.save C.charge D.assist 42.A.drive B.follow C.lead D.bring 43.A.start B.fill C.check D.wash 44.A.plenty B.lack C.variety D.diversity 45.A.direct B.straight C.long D.short 46.A.worried B.lucky C.excited D.annoyed 47.A.time B.turn C.duty D.decision 48.A.Apart from B.Together with C.Because of D.Instead of
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49.A.share 50 A.comfort 51.A.waiting

B.offer B. fun B.grabbing

C.tolerate Ctrouble C.sleeping

D.transform D.entertainment D.crying

第三部分 阅读理解(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分。满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从每题所给的 A﹑B﹑C﹑D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 A If you plan on visiting to Fiji, you are probably looking for some fun things to do. Below are four unusual places. The Poseidon Resort The Poseidon resort is an underwater resort that gives visitors a beautiful view of sea life. This resort covers 255 acres. It’s covered and surrounded by a lagoon (咸水湖) that covers 5,000 acres and is about 90 feet under water, giving you a beautiful view of sea life right before your eyes. This resort even has a hotel for those who would prefer to have the unusual experience of sleeping and waking up to the beautiful scenery all around them. The Sabeto Mud Pool If you’re looking for something unusual to do, you can’t pass up the mud pool at Sabeto. It is located in a mountain range with a huge group of Geothermal (地热的) pools full of nice, warm mud. Getting down and into the mud in the pool is believed to have benefits for healthy skin. This is unusual, but adults and especially kids will love it. Fire Walking Fire walking in Fiji is believed to have originated on the island of Beau. Fire walking is when you walk on white-hot stones barefoot. To do this, you have to be mentally prepared for it. Trust me; there is a lot of preparation and strict rules that travelers follow in order to do this safely. The Fiji Museum The Fiji museum is unusual due to all the amazing artifacts you’ll see dating back 3,000-4,000 years. This museum has a certain attraction that makes it funny—a shoe. It’s been said that a man named Thomas Baker was eaten by the locals several centuries ago and the only thing left was his shoe. This unusual museum is a great idea if you bring the whole family to Fiji. 56. Visitors who have the unusual experience of sleeping at the Poseidon resort can _________. A. enjoy the excellent service in the hotel B.open windows to see sea life swimming C. see sea life around them in the room D. only watch videos about sea life 57. Why do adults like to get down into the mud pool? A. To float on the warm mud B. To make them strong C. To play with the warm mud D. To keep their skin healthy 58. Which of the following things needs more courage and stricter rules? A. Trying fire walking B. Visiting the Poseidon resort C. Getting into the Sabeto Mud Pool D. Visiting the Fiji museum 59. The underlined word “artifacts” in Paragraph 5 means__________.
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A. historic things made by man C. things that look very strange B

B. things invented not long ago D. useful things in people’s daily life

Once a man named Grand found a box of old papers in a room at the top of his house. He burned most of them, because he didn’t like old things very much, But one of these papers was an old letter. At the bottom(底部) of the letter was the name of a well-known writer. “When this letter was written,” said Grant, “no one knew about the writer. But now everyone knows him. Some people like to buy letters like this. I may be able to get much money for the letter if I sell it to the right man.” But there were a lot of dirty marks all over the letter. “It doesn’t look nice,” he thought. “No one wants to buy a letter if it’s dirty. I’ll have to clean it.” So he took a piece of cloth and some water and cleaned the letter. He worked hard and gave a lot of care. At last the letter looked better. And he was very pleased with his work. “Now it looks nice,” he said to himself. “I’ll be able to sell it for a lot of money.” He took the letter to a shop in London where old papers of this kind were bought and sold. “I want to sell this letter,” Grant said to the man in the shop. “It was written by a well-known writer. You know about these things. How much will you give me for it?” The man looked at him for a long time. “I will give you two pounds for it,” he said at last. “Only two pounds!” said Grant. “But people pay ten pounds for a letter like this. And just look! I’ve even cleaned it to make it look nice.” “I can see that,” said the man. “That’s the trouble. People who buy old papers like them to be dirty.” 60.Which of the following is not right? A. Grant found a box of old letters. B. Grant didn’t like old things very much. C. Grant didn’t burn the old letter. D. The letter was written by a famous writer. 61.Grant didn’t burn the letter because______. A. it was written by his father B. he thought he could get much money by selling it C. he wanted to keep it forever D. he wanted to give it to the government 62.In order to sell it, Grant decided to _____ first. A. make advertisement(广告)in the newspapers B. show it to others around him C. clean it to make it look nice D. take it to an archeologist(考古学家) 63.Grant didn’t sell the letter at a good price because_______. A. it was not an old letter B. few people knew about the writer C. it had been cleaned D. the man didn’t like it C Everybody hates rats.But in the earthquake capitals of the world-Japan,Los Angeles, Turkey-rats will soon be man's new best friends. What happens after an earthquake? We send in rescue(救援)dogs. Why? Because they can smell people.Dogs save lives.They help rescuers to find living people.But dogs are big and they can't get into small spaces. now a new research project is using a smaller animal to save lives: So the rat. How does it work? First,the rat is trained to smell people.When this happens,the rat's brain gives a signal 信号) This is sent to a small radio on its back, then the rescuers follow the radio ( . and signals.When the rat's brain activity jumps,the rescuers know that someone is alive.The rat has smelled that person. Although there are already robots which can do this job,rats are better.Christian Linster at Cornell University—New York says,“Robots' noses don't work well when there are other smells around.Rats are good at that.” Rats can also see in the dark.They are cheaper and quicker to train than dogs,and unlike robots,they don't need electricity!

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The “rat project” is not finished, Julie Ryan of International Rescue Corps in Scotland says, but “It would be fantastic.A rat could get into spaces we couldn't get to and a rat would get out if it wasn't safe. Perhaps for the first time in history, ” people will be happy to see a rat in a building (but only after an earthquake,of course) . 64. In the world earthquake capitals,rats will become man's best friends because they can _________. A. take the place of man's rescue jobs B. find the position of people alive who are trapped in buildings C. serve as food for people alive who are trapped in buildings D. get into small spaces 65. From the third paragraph we know the rescuers can judge a person is alive by_________. A. the noise made by the rat B.the rat's unusual behavior C. the signal sent by the radio on the rat's back D.the smell given off by the person 66. In doing rescue jobs,_________. A. rats smell better than dogs B. dogs don't need to be trained to smell people C. robots' sense of smell can be affected by other smells around D. rats can see in the dark and smaller than robots 67. Rats have all the following advantages except that_________. A. they are more fantastic than other animals B. they are less expensive to train than dogs C. they don't need electricity D. they are small and can get into small places D Audrey Hepburn won an Academy Award as Best Actress for her first major American movie, Roman Holiday, which was released in 1953. But she is remembered as much for her aid work as for her acting. Born in Belgium in 1929, Audrey’ s father was British and her mother was Dutch. Audrey was sent to live at a British school for part of her childhood. During World War II , she lived and studied in the Netherlands. Her mother thought it would be safe from German attacks. Audrey studied dance as a teenager and during college when she returned to London after the war. But she realized she wasn’ t going to be a ballerina(芭蕾舞演员). So she began taking acting parts in stage shows. Later she began to get small parts in movies. But it was Audrey Hepburn’ s move to America that brought her true fame. In 1951 she played the character “Gigi” in the Broadway play of the same name. Two years later, Roman Holiday made her a star at the age of 24. Audrey made more than 25 movies. Among her most popular roles was Holly Golightly in Breakfast at Tiffany’s in 1961. Three years later she played Eliza Doolittle in My Fair Lady. She was married two times and had one son by each husband. In 1989, the UN Children’ s Fund named Audrey a goodwill ambassador. She travelled all over the world in support of UNICEF projects. The UN agency said she was a tireless worker. She often gave 15 interviews a day to gain money and support for UNICEF projects. Audrey Hepburn often said her loyalty to UNICEF was the result of her experiences as a child during World War Ⅱ She said she knew what it was like to be starving and to be saved by . international aid. She was a goodwill ambassador until her death in 1993 from colon cancer. 68.In Paragraph 1, “her aid work” means ________. A. winning an Academy Award as Best Actress B. taking acting parts in stage shows C. making movies D. acting as a goodwill ambassador for UNICEF
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69.The reason why Audrey lived and studied in the Netherlands was that ________. A. she wanted to be a ballerina B. her parents were from Britain C. the education there was excellent D. it was safe there 70.We can infer from the passage that ________. A. Audrey’ s parents lived in Germany during World War Ⅱ B. Audrey lived in America in the 1950s C. Audrey was forced to give up dancing D. the character “Gigi” in the Broadway play was her most popular role 第 II 卷(非选择题 共 35 分) 第四部分 :写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节:任务型读写(共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 请认真阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空白里填入最恰当的单词。 注意: 每空一词 Manners in every country are different. What is polite in China may not be polite in the United States. These basic rules will help you enjoy Western food with your American friends. Always put the napkin (餐巾 ) on your lap first. Before you leave the table, fold your napkin and put it beside your plate. Wait until everyone has been served to begin eating. Everyone begins to eat at the same time. The host or hostess may invite you to start eating before everyone is served. Some foods may be cold if you wait until everyone is served. If invited to begin before others are served, wait until three or four people have been served before starting to eat, When eating something in a bowl, do not leave the spoon in the bowl. Put it on the plate under the bowl. Do not slurp (出声地喝) the soup. Do not overfill the spoon. Do not pick the bowl up to hold it closer to your mouth. When you have finished your meal, place your knife and fork side by side on the plate. This signals that you have finished eating. Sit up straight at the table. Bring the food up to your mouth. Do not bend down to your plate. Cut large pieces of meat, potatoes and vegetables into bite-sized pieces. Eat the pieces one at a time. When eating noodles, wind (缠) the noodles up on your fork. You may use your spoon to help wind the noodles around your fork. The noodles on your fork should be eaten in one bite (一口) It . is very impolite to eat half your noodles and allow the other half to fall back on your plate. Do not lean on your arm while eating. You may rest your hand on the edge of the table.

Title Introduction

(73)___________ about American table manners

American table (71) __________ There are many (72) ________ between American table manners and China's. ● Always put the napkin on your lap, and put the folded napkin beside the plate before(74) ________the table. ● Eat together. If someone invites you to begin before others are served, you should still (75)_______until three or four people have been served before you start to eat. ● Put the spoon on the plate under the bowl (76)_______ of leaving the spoon in the bowl.
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The best way to learn table manners

● When you have finished your meal, place your knife and fork side by side on the plate, which(77)________that you have finished eating, ● Sit up straight at the table. Never (78)_______your body down to your plate when you eat. ● It is 79)________ to eat half your noodles with the other half falling back on ( your plate. ● Do not lean on your arm while eating. Observe how your American friends behave when they eat. In this way, you won't make mistakes when you are not (80) _______ of what to do.

第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 一年一度的暑假即将来临,这对于我们平时忙于学习的学生来说尤其宝贵。每个人对于 暑假都有自己的打算。比如: 1. 和家人朋友在一起或和父母去拜访他们的朋友; 2. 参加一些活动以发展培养自己的业余爱好和才能,如: 打球,游泳,跳舞等; 3. 去图书馆学习或借书阅读以增长知识; 4. 观看一些展览以开阔眼界。 最后谈谈自己的打算(至少两点) 注意:1.短文必须包括所有要点,可适当发挥; 2.字数:150 字左右。 参考词汇:开阔眼界 broaden one’s horizon 展览 exhibition

71. manners 72. differences 73.Rules/Suggestions/Advice/Tips 74. leaving 75. wait 76. instead 77. signals/suggests/indicates 78.bend 79.impolite. 80. sure/certain/aware 作文 One possible version: Summer vacation is approaching, which means that we can have enough time to relax ourselves, especially for us students. Different students have different ways of relaxation. During the summer vacation, some students will stay with their families and friends to have a good chat with each other or pay a visit to their friends with their parents. Some students would like to take part in some activities to develop their hobbies and skills, such as playing basketball, swimming or dancing. Others perhaps go to the library to study or do some reading to gain more knowledge. Besides, they may also go to see various exhibitions so that they can broaden their horizon.

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