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短语

时间:2018-02-12


高中英语常用词组归纳 above all 首先,特别是,最重要的是 after all 到底,毕竟 first of all 首先 in all 总共 all at once 突然,同时,马上 all of a sudden 突然 all sorts of 各种各样的 all kinds of 各种各样的 all the same 尽管如此,仍旧(照样) all the year round 一年到头 all the way 全程,一直地 as…as…与。 。 。 。 。 。一样 as a rule 通常 as a result 结果 as a matter of fact 事实上 as a whole 总的来说 as if(as though) 好象 as follows 如下 as for 就。 。 。 。 。 。而言 as(so) long as 只要 as soon as 一。 。 。 。 。 。就 as soon as possible 尽快 as usual 象往常一样 as well 也,还 as well as 同。 。 。 。 。 。一样 so as to 以便 at a time 一次,每次 at breakfast 早餐时 at first 最初 at home 在家 at last 最后,终于 at least 至少 at most 至多,不超过 at one time 以前,曾经 at once 立刻,马上 at night 在夜里,在晚上 at present 目前,现在 at times 有时候 at midnight 在半夜 at sea 在大海上,在航行 at one’s own expense 自费 at the bottom of 在底端

At the foot of 在脚下 at the end (of) 最后,尽头 at the same time 同时 at the moment 此刻 at work 在工作 after all 毕竟,究竟 ahead of time 提前 all over 遍及 all the time 一直,始终 as a rule 通常,照例 as far as ...be concerned 就...而言 as far as 远至,到...程度 as good as 和...几乎一样 as usual 像平常一样,照例 as to 至于,关于 at a loss 茫然,不知所措 at a time 一次,每次 at all 丝毫(不),一点也不 at the mercy of 在……的支配下 at all costs 不惜一切代价 at all events 不管怎样,无论如何 at all times 随时,总是 at best 充其量,至多 at first 最初,起先 at first sight 乍一看,初看起来 at hand 在手边,在附近 at home 在家,在国内 at least 至少 at last 终于 at most 至多,不超过 at the cost of 以...为代价 a bit of 少量的,一点 a great deal of 很多 a (number of 许多 a lot of 许多,大量的 a pair of 一双,一对 be famous for 因……而著名 be fond of 爱好,喜欢 be tired of 厌烦 by accident 偶然 back and forth 来回地,反复地 before long 不久以后 by all means 尽一切办法,务必

by chance 偶然,碰巧 by hand 用手,用体力 by itself 自动地,独自地 by mistake 错误地,无意地 by oneself 单独地,独自地 by means of 用,依靠 by the way 顺便说说 by air(sea,bus…)乘飞机(乘船,乘公共汽车……) by chance 碰巧,偶然地 day by day 一天天地 by far 得多,最最 learn by heart 背诵 by mistake 错误地, by oneself 独自地 by the way 顺便说(问) by turns 轮流 believe in 相信,信任 side by side 肩并肩,并排,一起 break away from 脱离 break out 爆发 break down 坏了,垮了,中断,分解 break into 破门而入,打断,占用 break off 突然停止(中断) ,打断,折断 break in 强行进入,插嘴

break through 突破,打破 break up 分手,驱散;分解 bring up 提出,抚养,培养,呕吐 bring about 引起 bring down 使倒下,使下降 bring in 引进,增加 bring on 使发生,引起 bring out 阐明,出版,显露 because of 因为 be made up of 由……组成 be proud of 为……而自豪 build up 增强,积累 be angry with 对……发脾气 be busy with 忙于 be fed up with 厌倦 break one’s word 失信 be in love with 与……相爱

clear up 整理,晴朗 cut up 切碎,齐根切断 call at (a place) 访问(某地) call back 回电话 call for 来找(某人) ,需要有 call in 召集,请来 call on(upon) 拜访,号召,要求 call up 给。 。 。 。 。 。打电话,使想起(往事) come about 发生,造成 come across 碰到,看到 come along 进行,进展 come down 下降,传下来 come out 出来,出版,发行 come into being 产生,建立 come to 来到(某地) ,共计,谈到 come to a conclusion 得出结论 come to an end 结束 come on 来吧,赶快 carry on 继续下去 carry out 开展 congratulate …on 祝贺 care for 喜欢,想要 change… for 用……换 check out 查明,结帐 do with 处理 depend on 依靠,相信 die out 消失,灭亡 do good to 对。 。有好处 do harm to 对。 。 。有害处 die of 死于 dream of 向往,渴望,梦想 do sb a favour 帮某人一个忙 do one’s best 尽力,竭力 due to 由于,因为 drop in 顺便走访 do away with 消灭,清除,取消 each other 互相 even if/though 即使,虽然 every now and then 时而,偶尔 every other 每隔一个的 except for 除了...外 eat up 吃完,吃光

Focus on 聚焦,以。 。为重点 face to face 面对面地 Feel like doing sth 想做某事。 。 for a while 暂时,一时 for free 免费 for the moment 暂时 from then(now) on 从那时(现在)起 for the better 好转 for the moment 暂时,目前 from time to time 有时,不时 fix up 安顿,修理好 face to face 面对面(的)地;对立地 fall behind 落在…后面 fall in love with sb. 爱上某人 feed on 以…为食 figure out 计算出;理解 fix one's eyes on 注意,注视 fix up 修补,解决 focus...on 集中,以..为焦点 for ages 长期 for certain/sure 肯定地 for example 例如 for fear of 由于害怕 for lack of 因缺乏 for sale 待售 On sale 在销售,降价销售 for the sake of 为了,出于。 。 forget about 忘记 forgive sb. for sth. 原谅某人(做了)某事 free from 不受…影响的 free of 无…的;摆脱了…的 For free 免费的 from time to time 时不时地 grow up 生长,长大 get down to doing sth 开始认真(做某事) get about (消息)传开,到处走动 get along 进行,过活,相处,走开 get away from 摆脱,离开 get close to 接近 get down 记下来 get into the habit of 染上。 。 。 。 。 。的习惯 get hold of 拿到,找到,抓住 get off 下车,脱下

get on 相处,上车 get on well with 与。 。 。 。 。 。相处融洽 get over 克服,战胜(疾病等) get rid of 消灭,摆脱,除掉 get round 传开,绕过,回避 get through 做完,结束,通过(电话)接通 get together 聚会,联欢 get up 起床,站起来 get through 完成;接通电话 get to 到达;接触 give away 泄露(秘密等);赠送 go back to 追溯到… go through 经历;完成 go wrong 出错;发生故障 go away 走开,离开 go against 违反 go ahead 继续,干吧,说吧 go all out 全力以赴 go bad (食物等)变坏,坏掉 go by 流逝,经过 go in for 从事 go over 复习。检查 go out 熄灭,过时 go through 审阅,检查,学习,练习,经历,经过 go up 上涨,上升 give out 散发,分发 give up 放弃,停止 give in 让步,妥协,投降 give off (散)发出 give birth to 生,产生 give one’s regards to 向。 。 。 。 。 。问好 have an effect on 对……产生作用 hold up 抬起,阻挡 Hold on 不挂,坚持住 Hold on to 紧紧抓住,坚持 hold out 伸出 hand out 分发 Hold back 抑制住,控制住 help…out 帮从困境中解脱 have sth (nothing)to do with 和。 。 。 。 。 。有(无)关 have a gift for 对……有天赋 Have a talent for 有。 。 。的才艺

hand in 上交,递交 hand in hand 联合,手牵手 have a long way to go 还有很长的路 have a word with 和……说句话 in a flash 一刹那间 in a word 总之,简言之 in other words 换句话说 in a hurry 匆忙地,很快地 in fact 事实上 in a sense 从某种意义上说 in all 总共,总的来说 in case of 以防,万一 in common 共同,共用 in danger 在危险中 in debt 负债,欠帐 in front of 在……前面 In the middle of 在。 。中间 In the center of 在。 。的中心 In the east 在东方 In the south 在南方 in general 一般地说 in honour of 为向……表示敬意 in modern times 现代,近代 in one’s opinion 据(某人的)看法 in public 在公众面前,公开地 in return 作为报答 in silence 沉默地,无声地 in order to do 为了做。 。 in order 整齐,有序 in peace 平静地,安宁地 in search of 寻找 in short(=in a word ) 总之 in space 在宇宙空间 in the end 最后 in time 及时地 in spite of 尽管 in advance in the air 在空中 in the day time 在白天 in the future 将来,以后 in turn 轮流 in celebration of 庆祝 in favour of 赞成,主张

in honor of 纪念,祝贺,欢迎 in need of 需要 in possession of 拥有 in sight of 看得见 in support of 为了支持(拥护)…… in case of 如果,万一,以防 in face of 面对 in memory of 纪念 in exchange for 作为对……的交换 in return for 作为……的报答 in addition to 加之,除……之外 in(with) regard to 关于 in place of 代替 in praise of 称赞 in view of 鉴于,考虑到 in charge of 掌管 instead of 代替 in the hope of 怀着……的期望 join in 参加,加入 Judging from..从。 。判断 keep a promise 遵守诺言 keep back 隐瞒,忍住(眼泪) keep in mind 记住,想着 Keep in touch with 与。 。保持联系 keep off 避开,挡住,不接近 keep one’s balance 保持平衡 keep on doing sth 继续(干) keep out 遮挡,使不入内 keep silence 保持沉默(安静) keep sb.from doing sth 阻止某人做某事 keep up 保持,维持 keep up with 跟上 Keep pace wih 跟上。 。 。步伐,节奏 look as if 看起来似乎 look back 回想,回顾 look forward to doing 盼望 look after 照顾 ,照管 look down on(upon)看不起 look for 寻找 look into 调查 look on…as 把……看作 look out (for)当心 look through 翻阅 look up 查找,向上看

live on 以……为主食 laugh at 嘲笑 lose one’s way 迷路 make it clear 把...说清楚,弄清楚 make a decision 作出决定 make a promise 答应,允诺 make friends (with) (和…)交朋友 make faces 做鬼脸 make fun of 和开玩笑 make a noise 吵闹 make it a rule 把..当成规矩,总是 make ends meet 应付开支,量入为出 make room 让地方 make sense 讲得通,很有意义 make sure 确保,弄清楚 make up 构成,编造,弥补 make up one’s mind to do sth 下决心做.. make use of 利用 Make the best of 最好的利用) Make the most of 最好的利用 now and then 时而,偶尔 once in a while 偶尔,间或 on the point of 正要……的时候 On behalf of 代表 on average 平均 on board 在船(车,飞机上)上 on fire 着火 on foot 走路,步行 on holiday 休假,度假 on one’s way to 在……的途中 on one’s own 独立地,独自地 on the radio 通过收音机,通过广播 on watch 值班,守望 out of breath 上气不接下气 out of work 失业,没工作 out of one’s reach 够不着 on the way (to) 在(去)……路上 one by one 一个一个地 on a large/small scale 大/小规模地 on account of 由于 On average 平均,通常

on business 因公 on condition that 如果 on duty 上班,值班 on earth 究竟,到底 on fire 起火着火 on foot 步行, on guard 站岗,值班 on hand 在场,在手边 on occasion(s) 有时,间或 on one's own 独立,独自 on purpose 故意地 on sale 出售,廉价出售 on schedule 按时间表,准时 on second thoughts 经重新考虑 on the contrary 正相反 on the grounds of 根据,以...为由 on (the) one hand 一方面 on the other hand 另一方面 on the point of 即将...的时刻 on the road 在旅途中 on the side 作为兼职/副 业 on the spot 在场;马上 on the whole 总的来说,大体上 on time 准时 once again 再一次 once(and)for all 一劳永逸地 once in a while 偶尔 once more 再一次 once upon a time 从前 one another 相互 or else 否则,要不然 or so 大约,左右 other than 除了 out of 从...中;由于;缺乏 out of breath 喘不过气来 out of control 失去控制 out of date 过时的 out of doors 在户外 out of order 出故障的 out of place 不适当的 out of practice 久不练习,荒疏 out of sight 看不见,在视野外 out of the question 毫无可能的 out of touch 不联系,不接触

over and over(again) 一再地,再三地 put down 记下,镇压 put away 存起来,收拾起来 put forward 提出,提前 put into practice 实行 put off 推迟,延期,关上(开关等) put on 穿(戴)上,上演,打开(开关等) put on weight 增加体重 put out 熄灭,生产,出版 put up 举起,张贴,留宿 put back 推迟,放回 play a part in 在……起作用 plenty of 充足的,相当多的 pass on 传递,转移到 play a joke on 戏弄(某人) pick out 挑出 pick up 接收,捡起, 学会 put out 扑灭,关熄 put up 举(架)起,张贴,留宿 point out 指出 remind sb of 使某人想起 Rather than 并非,而不是 run out of 用完 Run out 用完 Rely on 依靠,信赖 stand for 代表,象征 Stand out 突出,显眼 stand by 袖手旁观,支持 send out 发出,派遣 Send up 发射 Send for 派人去请 search for 寻找(求 succeed in 成功 set up 搭起,建立 set out 发出,开始 set about 开始(着手)做 set down 写(记)下 set off 使爆炸,引起,起程 set…on fire 放火,烧着 set out 出发,开始 set an example 作出榜样 speed up 加快速度 stay up 不睡,挺住,站立

tear down 拆毁,拆除 turn down 关小,调低 take part in 参加 take the place of 代替,取代 think of 想到,想起 take possession of 占有,拥有
Try on 试穿

try out 实验 take one’s seat 就座,坐下 take a look at 看一下 take a photograph (of)照一张相 take action 采取措施 Take measures 采取措施 Take steps 采取措施 take away 拿走,剥夺 take back 收回,让退(货) take…by surprise 使…吃惊 take care of 照顾,负责 take exercise 做运动,锻炼 take…for granted 想当然, take in 使上当,收留,接纳 take it easy 别紧张,放松些 take notice of 注意,理会 take notes 记录,作笔记 take off 脱掉,起飞,成功 take (a day)off 休假(一天) take on 雇用,呈现……面貌 take part in(积极)参加 take place 发生,举行 take pride in 为……感到骄傲 take the place of 代替,取代 take turns 轮流 take up 开始学习,占据 turn up 出现,开大 turn down 拒绝,开小 turn in 上交,交进去,上床睡觉 turn on 打开 turn off 关掉 turn out 结果,原来(情况是) turn to 求助于,翻到,转到 turn over 移交,接替 throw at 向……扔去 Throw away 丢掉,浪费,错过 Use up 用完

wake up 醒来 work out 算出,解决 Wind one’s way 蜿蜒前行

接不定式或动名词做宾语意思不同的 7 个动词 (1) remember to do sth 记住要做某事 remember doing sth 记得曾做过某事 (2) forget to do sth 忘记要做某事 forget doing sth 忘记曾做过某事 (3) regret to do sth 后悔(遗憾)要做某事 regret doing sth 后悔(遗憾)做过某事 (4) try to do sth 设法要做某事 try doing sth 做某事试试看看有何效果 (5) mean to do sth 打算做某事 mean doing sth 意味着做某事 (6) can’t help to do sth 不能帮助做某事 can’t help doing sth 忍不住做某事 (7) go on to do sth 做完某事后接着做另一事 go on doing sth 继续做一直在做的事 常用短语搭配及其用法

accuse sb of sth 控告某人犯某事,指责某人做某事 cheat sb of sth 骗取某人某物 cure sb of sth 治好某人的病,改掉某人的习惯 inform sb of sth 通知某人某事 remind sb of sth 使某人想起某情况 rid sb of sth 使某人摆脱某物 rob sb of sth 抢劫某人的某东西 warn sb of sth 警告某人有某情况 Be worried about 为。 。 。担忧,着急 Be busy with 忙于 Be worth doing 值得做 Be likely to do 很可能做 be famous for 因……闻名 Be famous as 作为。 。 。出名 be fit for 合适,适合 Be tired of 厌倦 Be full of 充满 Be filled wirh 充满 Be similar to 与。 。相似 Be familiar with 对。 。熟悉 Be crowded with 挤满,拥挤 Be satisfied with 对。 。满意 Be curious about 对。 。.好奇 be bad for 对……有害,对……不行 be good for 对。 。有好处 be convenient for 对……方便,在……附近 be grateful to sb for sth 感谢某人某事 be late for 迟到 be necessary for 对……有必要 be ready for 为……准备好 be sorry for 因……抱歉 be suitable for 对……合适(适合) be thankful to sb for sth 因……而感激 be well-known for 以……出名 Be kind to sb 对。 。 。友善 Be friendly to 对。 。 。友好 Be harmful for 对。 。有害 be far from 远离 Be upset about be busy doing sth 忙于做某事 have difficulty doing sth 做某事有困难 Have trouble doing sth 做某事有困难 have a good time doing sth 做某事很开心

have a hard time doing sth 做某事很辛苦 feel like doing sth. 想要做 Would like to do sth 想要做 spend money(time) doing sth 花钱(时间)做某事 There is no difficulty doing sth 做某事没有困难 There is no point(in) doing sth 做某事没有意义 There is no need to do sth 没有必要做某事 hardly...when... 刚…就… No sooner..than..一。 。就。 。 It’s no use doing sth 做某事没有用 It’s no good doing sth 做某事没有好处 It is no wonder that...做。 。不足为奇;难怪.. There is no doubt that...毫无疑问。 。 。 generation gap 代沟 get across 使被理解 get away with 侥幸做成;侥幸得手 get in 收获 hang about 闲荡 hang back 犹豫,畏缩不前 hang up 把…挂起来;挂断 happen to do 碰巧 hear from 接到…的信 hear of 听到,听说 heart and soul 全心全意地 help oneself 自取所需(食物等) help sb. with sth.在…帮助某人 here and now 此时此地 here and there 到处 hold on 握住不放;坚持 hold on to 紧紧抓住;控制 hold one's breath 屏息 hold out 伸出;坚持;支持 hunt for 搜寻;寻找 hurry up(使)赶快;迅速完成 if only 要是…就好 in a hurry 匆忙 in addition 另外 in addition to 除…之外(还有) in advance 预先 in brief 简言之 in detail 详细地 in debt 欠债,欠情

in face of 面对;纵然,即使 in favour of 赞成 in good health 身体好 in light of 按照,根据;鉴于 in memory of 纪念… in nature 性质上,自然界中 in no time 立即;马上 in no way 决不,一点也不 in particular 特别地 in person 亲自 in practice 在实践中 in public 公开地,当众 in secret 秘密地,私下地 in shape 处于良好状态 in terms of 根据;以…的措词 in the dark 在黑暗中;秘密地 in the distance 在远处,远方的 in the future 将来 in the name of 以…的名义;代表 in the past 在过去 in the world 究竟,世界上 in vain 徒劳,白辛苦 join hands with 互相合作,携起手来 judging by 从…判断 just as 正象;正当…的时候 just now 现在,眼下;刚才 just the same 完全一样 keep an eye on 照看;留意 keep back 留在后面;阻止;隐瞒 keep down 控制;压服;缩减开支 keep in touch with 和…保持联系 keep one's eyes open 留心看着;保持警惕 keep one's temper 忍住性子 keep silence 保持沉默,不讲话 keep sth. secret 把某事保守秘密 keep to 坚持;固守(习惯等) knock down 撞倒;击落;拆除 laugh at 因…而发笑;嘲笑 lay off 停止;(临时)解雇 lead to 通向,导致;引起 learn from 学习,向…学习 leave alone 不管,不理会;不打扰 leave behind 丢弃;留下;忘记携带 leave off (使)停止;停下来

leave out let alone let sb down let go let out lie in light up listen to little by little live on live through live up to live with lock oneself in lock out long before long for look after look at look back look down on look for look forward to look into

忽略,遗漏;省略 不干涉;不碰 使…失望 放开;释放;发射 放掉(水等),发出 在于;位于 照亮;点(烟) 听,倾听 一点一点地,逐渐地 靠…生活;以…为食 经历过;度过;经受住 无愧于;做到;符合 接受;忍受;承认 把自己关在里面 把…关在外面 在…以前很久 渴望 照顾;目送;负责处理 看着;注视;察看 回顾;回想;停止不前 蔑视,看不起 寻找,寻求;指望 盼望,期待;预期 观察;调查;窥视

look up to sb. lose heart lose one's heart to lose one's temper lose sight of lots of

尊敬,敬仰 灰心,泄气 心被…俘去,爱上 发怒,发脾气 不再看见;忽略;忘记 大量,许多

in in in in in in in in in

detail 详细地 difficulty 处境困难 effect 实际上,事实上 general 一般来说,大体上 favor of 支持,赞成 front of 面对,在...前 half 成两半 hand 在进行中,待办理 honor of 为庆祝,为纪念

in itself 本质上,就其本身而言 in line with 与...一致 in memory of 纪念 in no case 决不 in no time 立即,马上 in no way 决不 in order 按顺序,按次序 in other words 换句话说 in part 部分地 in particular 特别,尤其 in person 亲自,本人 in place 在合适的位置 in place of 代替,取代,交换 in practice 在实践中,实际上 in proportion to 与...成比例 in public 公开地,当众 in quantity 大量 in question 正在谈论的 in regard to 关于,至于 in relation to 关于,涉及 in return 作为报答/回报/交换 in return for 作为对...报答 in short 简言之,总之 in sight 被见到;在望 in spite of 尽管 in step 齐步,合拍 in step with 与...一致/协调 in tears 流着泪,在哭着 in the course of 在...期间/过程中 in the distance 在远处 in the end 最后,终于 in the event of 如果...发生,万一 in the face of 即使;在...面前 in the first place 首先 in the future 在未来 in the least 丝毫,一点 in (the)light of 鉴于,由于 in the way 挡道 in the world 究竟,到底 in time 及时 in touch 联系,接触 in turn 依次,轮流;转而 in vain 徒劳,白费力 instead of 代替,而不是

just now 眼下;刚才 little by little 逐渐地 lots of 许多 many a 许多 more or less 或多或少,有点 next door 隔壁的,在隔壁 no doubt 无疑地 no less than 不少于...;不亚于... no longer 不再 no more 不再 no more than 至多,同...一样不 none other than 不是别的,正是 on one's guard 警惕,提防 nothing but 只有,只不过 prior at 在...之前 quite a few 相当多,不少 rather than 不是...(而是) regardless of 不顾,不惜 right away 立即,马上 side by side 肩并肩,一起 so far 迄今为止 sooner or later 迟早,早晚 step by step 逐步地 such as 例如,诸如 thanks to 由于,多亏 that is (to say) 就是说,即 to the point 切中要害,切题 under control 处于控制之下 under the circumstances 这种情况下 up to date 在进行中 up to 多达;直到;胜任;取决于 what if 切合目前情况的 what about 怎么样 with respect to 如果...将怎么样 with regard to 关于,至于 without question 关于,至于, with the exception of 除...之外 without question 毫无疑问 word for word 逐字的

作文中常用的词组及短句 1. 表示原因

1)There are three reasons for this. 2)The reasons for this are as follows. 3)The reason for this is obvious. 4)The reason for this is not far to seek. 5)The reason for this is that. . . 6)We have good reason to believe that. . . 例如:There are three reasons for the changes that have taken place in our life.Firstly,people’ s living standard has been greatly improved.Secondly,most people are well paid, and they can afford what they need or like.Last but not least,more and more people prefer to enjoy modern life. 注:如考生写第一个句子没有把握,可将其改写成两个句子。

如:Great changes have taken place in our life. There are three reasons for this.这样写可以避免套用中的表达失误。 2.表示好处 1)It has the following advantages. 2)It does us a lot of good. 3)It benefits us quite a lot. 4)It is beneficial to us. 5)It is of great benefit to us. 例如:Books are like friends.They can help us know the world better,and they can open our minds and widen our horizons.Therefore,reading extensively is of great benefit to us. 3.表示坏处 1)It has more disadvantages than advantages.

2)It does us much harm. 3)It is harmful to us. 例如: However, everything divides into two. Television can also be harmful to us. It can do harm to our health and make us lazy if we spend too much time watching television. 4.表示重要、必要、困难、方便、可能 1)It is important(necessary,difficult,convenient, possible)for sb.to do sth. 2)We think it necessary to do sth. 3)It plays an important role in our life. 例如:Computers are now being used everywhere,whether in the government,in schools or in business.Soon, computers will be found in every home,too.We have good reason to say that computers are playing an increasingly important role in our life and we have stepped into the Computer Age. 5.表示措施 1)We should take some effective measures. 2)We should try our best to overcome(conquer)the difficulties. 3)We should do our utmost in doing sth. 4)We should solve the problems that we are confronted(faced)with. 例 如 : The housing problem that we are confronted with is becoming more and more serious.Therefore,we must take some effective measures to solve it. 6.表示变化 1)Some changes have taken place in the past five years. 2)A great change will certainly be produced in the world’s communications. 3)The computer has brought about many changes in education. 例如:Some changes have taken place in people’s diet in the past five years.The major reasons for these changes are not far to seek.Nowadays,more and more people are switching from grain

to meat for protein,and from fruit and vegetable to milk for vitamins.

7.表示事实、现状 1)We cannot ignore the fact that. . . 2)No one can deny the fact that. . . 3)There is no denying the fact that. . . 4)This is a phenomenon that many people are interested in. 5)However,that’s not the case. 例如:We cannot ignore the fact that industrialization brings with it the problems of pollution.To solve these problems,we can start by educating the public about the hazards of pollution.The government on its part should also design stricter laws to promote a cleaner environment. 8.表示比较 1)Compared with A,B. . . 2)I prefer to read rather than watch TV. 3)There is a striking contrast between them. 例如:Compared with cars,bicycles have several advantages besides being affordable.Firstly, they do not consume natural resources of petroleum.Secondly,they do not cause the pollution problem.Last but not least,they contribute to people’s health by giving them due physical exercise. 9.表示数量 1)It has increased(decreased)from. . .to. . . 2)The population in this city has now increased (decreased)to 800,000. 3)The output of July in this factory increased by 15% compared with that of January. 例如:With the improvement of the living standard,the proportion of people’s income spent on food has decreased while that spent on education has increased.

再如: From the graph listed above, it can be seen that student use of computers has increased from an average of less than two hours per week in 1990 to 20 hours in 2000. 10.表示看法 1)People have(take,adopt,assume)different attitudes towards sth. 2)People have different opinions on this problem. 3)People take different views of(on)the question. 4)Some people believe that. . .Others argue that. . . 例如: People have different attitudes towards failure . Some believe that failure leads to success.Every failure they experience translates into a greater chance of success at their renewed endeavor.However, others are easily discouraged by failures and put themselves into the category of losers. 再如:Do “lucky numbers really bring good luck?Different people have different views on it. 注:一个段落有时很适宜以问句开始,考生应掌握这一写作方法。

11.表示结论 1)In short,it can be said that . . . 2)It may be briefly summed up as follows. 3)From what has been mentioned above,we can come to the conclusion that . . . 例如:From what has been mentioned above,we can come to the conclusion that examination is necessary,however, its method should be improved. 注:例句 1 可用于任何一个段落的结论句;例句 3 则多用文章结论段的第一句。 12.套语 1)It’s well known to us that . . . 2)As is known to us, . . .

3)This is a topic that is being widely talked about. 4)From the graph(table,chart)listed above,it can be seen that . . . 5)As a proverb says, “Where there is a will,there is a way. 例如:As is well known to us,it is important for the students to know the world outside campus. The reason for this is obvious.Nowadays,the society is changing and developing rapidly,and the campus is no longer an “ivory tower As college students,we must get in touch with the world outside the campus.Only in this way can we adapt ourselves to the society quickly after we graduate. 再如:Does it pay to be honest?This is a topic that is being widely talked about and different people have different opinions on it.

Culture 文化篇 A great poem is a fountain forever overflowing with the waters of wisdom and delight.(P. B. Shelley , British poet ) 伟大的诗篇即是永远喷出智慧和欢欣之水的喷泉。

(英国诗人 雪莱. P. B) Art is a lie that tells the truth .( Picasso , Spanish painter ) 美术是揭示真理的谎言。 (西班牙画家 毕加索) Humor has been well defined as thinking in fun while feeling in earnest. (Mark Twain , American novelist ) 幽默被人正确地解释为"以诚挚表达感受,寓深思于嬉笑"。(美国小说家 马克?吐温) The decline of literature indicates the decline of a nation ; the two keep in their downward tendency.( Johan Wolfgang von Goethe , German poet ) 文学的衰落表明一个民族的衰落。这两者走下坡路的时间是齐头并进的。

(德国诗人 歌德 . J . W .) When one loves one's art no service seems too hard .(O. Henry, American novelist) 一旦热爱艺术,什么奉献也不难。 (美国小说家 欧?亨利) Education 教育篇 And gladly would learn , and gladly teach .( Chaucer , British poet) 勤于学习的人才能乐意施教。(英国诗人, 乔叟) Better be unborn than untaught , for ignorance is the root of misfortune .(Plato , Ancient Greek philosopher) 与其不受教育,不如不生,因为无知是不幸的根源.(古希腊哲学家 柏拉图) Friendship 友谊篇 "Some friends come and go like a season. Others are arranged in our lives for good reason." ---Sharita Gadison "A true friend is someone you can disagree with and still remain friends. For if not, they weren't true a friends in the first place .


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