中山市高三 2010—2011 学年统一考试试卷 英 语
本试卷共 10 页，三大题，满分 135 分。考试用时 120 分钟。 注意事项：1．答卷前，考生务必用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔将自己的姓名和考生号、试室 号、座位号填写在答题卡上。 2. 选择题每小题选出答案后，用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目选项的答案信息 点涂黑，如需改动，用橡皮擦干挣后，再选涂其他答案，答案
不能答在试 卷上。 3．非选择题必须用黑色字迹钢笔或签字笔作答，答案必须写在答题卡各题目指 定区域内相应位置上；如需改动，先划掉原来的答案，然后再写上新的答 案；不准使用铅笔和涂改液。不按以上要求作答的答案无效。 4．考生必须保持答题卡的整洁。考试结束后，将试卷和答题卡一并交回。 Ⅰ语言知识及应用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 完形填空（共 l5 题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 1～15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选 项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 These days, people who do manual work often receive far more money than people who work in offices. People who work in offices are frequently 1 as "white-collar workers' for the simple reason that they 2 wear a collar and tie to go to work. Such is human nature, that a great many people are often 3 to sacrifice higher pay for the privilege of becoming white-collar workers. This can give rise to curious situations, as it did in the case of Alfred Bloggs who worked as a(an) 4 for the Ellesmere Corporation. When he got married, Alf was too 5 to say anything to his wife about his job. He 6 told her that he worked for the Corporation. Every morning, he left home 7 in a smart black suit. He then changed into. overalls and 8 the next eight hours as a dustman.Before returning home at night, he took a 9 and changed back into his suit, Alf did this for over two years and his fellow dustmen kept his 10 .Alfs wife has never 11 that she married a dustman and she never will, for Alf has just found 12 job. He will soon be working in an office. He will earn much 13 than he used to, but he feels that his rise in 14 is well worth the loss of money. From now on, he will wear a suit all day and others will call him 'Mr. Bloggs' 15 'Alf'. 1. A. used to B. referred to C. happened to D. turned to 2. A. eventually B. occasionally C. usually D. apparently 3. A. excited B. willing C. interested D. lucky 4. A. official B. manager C. salesman D. dustman 5. A. embarrassed B. happy C. confident D. disappointed 6. A. hopefully B. probably C. simply D. politely 7. A. wore B. put C. tried D. dressed 8. A. took B. spent C. cost D. wasted 9. A. rest B. look C. shower D. chance
10. A. mistake B. secret C. memory D. reputation 11. A. realized B. believed C. agreed D. discovered 12. A. another B. one C. the other D. other 13. A. more B. less C. better D. fewer 14. A. status B. look C. direction D. statue 15. A. in spite of B. regardless of C. instead of D. in ease of 第二节语法填空（共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面短文， 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求， 在空格处填入一个适当的 词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空， 并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 16～25 的相应位置上。 It's a cold day in December. A little boy about 10-year-old was standing in front of a shoe store on Broadway, barefooted, peering through the window, and shivering with cold. A lady approached the boy and said 16 (gentle)," My little fellow, why are you looking so earnestly in that window?" "I was asking God to give me a pair of shoes," the boy 17 (reply). The lady took him by the hand, went into the store, 18 asked the clerk to get a half dozen pairs of socks for the boy. She then asked 19 he could give her a basin of water and a towel. The clerk quickly.brought them to her. She took the little fellow to the back part of the store and, removing her gloves, knelt down, washed his little feet, and dried them with the towel. By this time, the clerk 20 .(return) with the socks. 21 (place) a pair upon the boy's feet, she then purchased him a pair of shoes, and tying up the remaining pairs of socks,gave them to the boy. She patted him on 22 head and said," My little fellow, do you feel 23 comfortable now than before?" As she turned to go, the astonished boy, 24 caught her hand and looked up in her face, 25 tears in hiseyes, answered the question with these words," Are you God's wife?" Ⅱ阅读（共两节，满分 50 分） 第一节阅读理解（共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项 涂黑。 A For years, fans of cookbook author Madhur Jaffrey have complained to her that Indian cooking seems too complicated. As a result, Ms. Jaffrey decided to create a cookbook filled with some of the most simple Indian dishes she could find or create. The result is "At Home With Madhur Jaffrey: Simple, Delectable Dishes From India,Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka," published last month by Knopf. "My whole idea with this book is what I do with my everyday food," she says. "I cook every day, and I don't take several hours out to cook a meal. lndian food has so many simple dishes." To compile the dishes for "At Home," Ms. Jaffrey not only collected lots of simple recipes,but she also tested ways to simplify cooking techniques and reduce the number of steps involved in each dish. Dishes that previously required adding a variety of spices in multiple steps, for instance, were changed to allow home cooks to mix all the spices together at once in a marinade.For an eggplant recipe that typically requires browning the eggplant in advance, she skipped the step altogether
and discovered the dish tasted just as good. For We. Vegetarian Thanksgiving series, Ms. Jaffrey offers four simple ways to add Indian flavol, to your holiday table. She offers sweet and sour butternut squash or pumpkin, as well as eggplant in a delicious sauce. A simple aromatic corn will wow your guests. And, for an unusual substitute for cranberry sauce, consider her Bengali-style tomato chutney. "You get all the authentic taste as you would get with traditional Indian cooking, but you've spent much less time doing it," she says. See the recipes from Ms. Jaffrey below. 26. According to the passage, which of the following word can best describe Madhur Jaffrey? A. Diligent. B. Hard-working. C. Creative. D. Determined. 27. What is the purpose of this passage ? A. To advertise the book written by Madhur Jaffrey. B. To introduce the new book written by Madhur Jaffrey. C. To teach us how to cook Indian food D. To introduce delicious Indian food. 28. The reason why Madhur Jaffrey wrote the book is that A. she wanted to challenge the traditionalIndian cooking B. she wanted to show that she was an expert in cooking Indian food C. her fans complained that Indian cooking was too difficult D. she wanted to earn some money 29. The passage covers the following aspects EXCEPT A. who Madhur Jaffrey is B. when the book was published C. what the book is about D. how we can buy the book 30. Which of the following food is NOT mentioned in the passage? A. Potato. B. Eggplant. C. Tomato. D. Pumpkin. B LONDON -- Thousands of students in cities across Britain walked out of classes on Wednesday and marched to resist the government's plans to cut education spending and steeply increase university tuition. It was the second such march this month. The demonstrations were mostly peaceful, but here in London at least eight people,including two police officers, were injured in pockets of violence, and three protesters were arrested on suspicion of committing violent acts and stealing. Some protesters surrounded an empty police ear, breaking its windows and trying to tip it over. And a group of demonstrators repeatedly tried to break through a police eordon(警戒线) in front of Whitehall, which houses many government buildings, throwing placards, smoke bombs and other projectiles even as officers held them back with night sticks. In other cities, including Brighton, Bristol, Glasgow, Leeds, Liverpool, Manchester,Nottingham, Sheffield and Warwick, university students -- in some eases joined by students from secondary schools who also walked out of class -- marched through town centers or fried to occupy university buildings.
Several dozen students occupied part of the Bodleian Library at Oxford University, and there were reports of occupations at other universities. The demonstrators were angry at government proposals to help reduce the country's budget by giving less money in direct grants to universities, and allowing the universities in turn to charge tuition of up to $14;400 a year, from the current cap of $5,624. Much of their anger is directed at the Labor Party, who promised to cancel tuition entirely during the general election campaign this past spring. Now in a coalition(联盟) government with the Conservative Party, the Labor Party is backing the new proposals, saying that British universities need,to be able to charge more to remain internationally competitive. Until thelate 1990s, British university students did not pay tuition, and the issue is highly sensitive. The number of protesters, in London was much smaller than it was two weeks ago, when 52,000 marched through the streets and the demonstrations turned violent as the day wore on. The police, attuned to criticism that they were ill prepared the last time, deployed many more officers. 31. From Paragraph 1, we can NOT know A. how many people marched B. why people marched C. the result of the march D. where people marched 32. According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE? A. Only Oxford University was occupied by students. B. Eight protesters were arrested. C. British university students did not pay tuition until the late 1990s. D. All the demonstrators are university students. 33. According to the passage, marches broke out in the following cities EXCEPT . A. London B. Liverpool C. Brighton D. Edinburgh 34. We can infer from Paragraph 7 that A. now the Labor Party is in a coalition government with the Conservative Party B. the Labor Party is breaking its promise out of its own interest C. the Labor Party supports the new proposals D. the Labor Party makes people angry 35. Which of the following is the fight order according to the passage? a. A coalition government was founded. b. British university students did not need to pay tuition. c. Students went to march. d. Government made plans to cut education spending and increase university tuition. e. The Labor Party promised to cancel tuition entirely. A. b-e-a-d-c B. b-a-e-d-c C. e-b-a-d-c D. e-b-d-a-c C My sister Jodie and I are always traveling for work. As jewelry designers, we need to go to a lot of shows. We can't pack lightly and usually bring about four
suitcases filled with our work. Most of our stuff is made from heavy materials and metals. So part of the routine for us when we fly is getting stopped by security. Our jewelry sets off the alarms, and we've become accustomed to arriving early to go through private screenings. Most of the time, it's not troublesome. However, on our recent trip to a Paris trade show, we were stopped at security and asked to empty our bags. One of the agents walked over to another agent and they started whispering to each other. Both gentlemen came back, and one of them then told us that it seemed that we were carrying a very dangerous object. My sister and I just said, "Huh?" Of course, we were a little concerned, thinking that maybe someone put something dangerous in one of our bags when we weren't looking. One of the agents then started to unpack our bags. I kept asking what he was looking for and then the object in question finally appeared. It was our Cosima necklace. It's a piece of jewelry, with large, metal triangular spikes. My sister and I looked at each other and breathed a huge sigh of relief. We started laughing and explained to the two male agents that it was just a necklace from our collection, not a weapon of mass destruction. They thought we were lying, and one agent kept repeating that he believed it was a weapon. I tried to explain that we were jewelry designers going to a trade show, and this was simply a piece from our collection. But the agents didn't buy it. Then a few women guards came over to assist. One of the women guards was holding an earring up to her ear and another was trying on a ring. Apparently, they liked our stuff. It was only at this point that the male guards gave up. And I think they also got tired of listening to a bunch of women talk about jewelry. They let us through. We took the names of the women agents and sent them a piece of jewelry when we got back to say thanks. 36. When the object in question finally appeared, the writer and her sister felt A. anxious B. relieved C. excited D. frightened 37. The writer and her sister were stopped by the agents because A. their suitcases were too heavy B. the agents wanted to play a joke on them C. they were suspected to carry dangerous objects D. the agents wanted to admire the jewelry inside the suitcases 38. The underlined word "buy" in Paragraph 7 probably means A. doubt B. believe C. purchase D. understand 39. The writer sent the women agents a piece ofjewelry in order to A. persuade them to buy her jewelry later B. get help from them next time C. show them her talent in designing jewelry D. show them her gratitude for their assistance 40. Acording to this passage, which of the following statements is NOT true? A. Someone put something dangerous in one of the writer's bags. B. The male agents didn't believe the walter at first. C. The female agents liked the jewelry.
D. The writer is always travelling on business. D Promising scientific developments to prevent AIDS, not just treat its victims, have give hope to health officials, researchers and medical groups struggling to control the epidemic.Unffortunately, the global economic stowdown in developed nations has made it unlikely that sufficient money will be available to fully catch the new opportunities. The most encouraging breakthrough was proved last week that a pill containing two standard drugs used to treat AIDS could prevent the disease if given to gay men not infected with H.I.V. In a trial conducted in the United States and five other countries, healthy gay men who took the pill daily were 44 percent less likely to get infected than those given a placebo(安慰剂） Meanwhile, the United Nations AIDS program announced that at least 56 countries have managed to stabilize or slow down the rate of H.I.V. infections. Fewer people are becoming infected With H.I.V. and fewer people are dying of AIDS than at the peak of the epidemic. The problem is that people are still becoming infected twice as fast as they can be put into treatment programs. Five years ago, fewer than 500,000 people were receiving AIDS drugs; now five million are. But another 10 million should be receiving treatment and aren't getting it because donor nations and the suffering countries find it too expensive to pay the bill. Now that the same drugs used for treatment look like a valuable tool to prevent infections, the financial shortfall will only grow worse. Further studies are under way to confirm whether the pill works as well as initial studies suggest, to evaluate long-term safety, and to assess what groups might benefit most. 41. The trial was conducted in countries. A. Four B. Five C. Six D. Seven 42. What is the writer's attitude towards the treatment to AIDS? A. Concerned B. Indifferent C. Negative D. Desperate 43. Further studies are needed A. to evaluate long-term safety B. to assess who might benefit most C. to confirm whether the pill is as efficient as initial studies suggest D. all the above 44. We can know from the passage that A. sufficient money is needed to deal with AIDS B. people are still becoming infected as fast as they can be put into treatment programs C: more people are becoming infected with H.I.V than before D. the drugs to prevent infections are used wildly now 45. Which is the best title for this passage? A. How to fight against AIDS. B. Advances and challenge on'fighting against AIDS.
C. Help the patients with AIDS. D. Be away from AIDS. 第二节信息匹配（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 阅读下列应用文及相关信息， 并按照要求匹配信息。 请将答案填涂在答题卡标号为 46～ 50 的相应位置上。 请阅读下面书籍的简单介绍 A. THE HONOR CODE: How Moral Revolutions Happen. By Kwame Anthony Appiah.(Norton, $25.95.) A philosopher traces the disappearing of dueling and slavery among the British and of foot-binding in China, and suggests how a fourth horrific practice -- honor killings in today's Pakistan —— might someday meet its end. B. THE PRICE OF ALTRUISM: George Price and the Search for the Origins of Kindness. By Oren Harman. (Norton,$27.95.) Harman surveys 150 years of scientific history to examine the theoretical problem at the core of behavioral biology, sociobiology and evolutionary psychology: Why do organisms sacrifice themselves for the benefit of others? C. SUPREME POWER: Franklin Roosevelt vs. the Supreme' Court. By JeffShesol (Norton, $27.95.). Contention over American. President Roosevelt's proposal to transform the court nearly paralyzed his administration for over a year and severely damaged fragile Democratic unity. D. WILLIE MAYS: The Life, the Legend. By James S. Hirsch. (Scribner, $30.) In his long, fascinating account,Hirsch concentrates mostly onthe baseball brilliance; reminding us of a time when the only performance-enhancing drug was joy. E. HITCH-22: A Memoir. By Christopher Hitchens. (Twelve, $26.99.) When the colorful, prolific journalist shares a tender memory, he quickly converts it into a larger observation about politics, always for him the most crucial sphere of moral and intellectual life. F. THE PUBLISHER: Henry Luce and His American Century. By Alan Brinkley.(Knopf, $35.) The creator of Time and Life used his magazines to advance political favorites, paint an uplifting portrait of the middle class and promote American intervention in the world. 请根据下面各人情况选择适合他们的书籍 46. Jimmy is a college student of politics. He wants to know something about great politicians and the political system in western countries. 47. Tom is interested in philosophy. He wants to get information about some terrible practices in different countries. He especially wants to know the history of these terrible practices. 48. Simon is a sport lover. He wants to know something about famous sportsmen and their legendary life. 49. Lily loves reading magazines and she is also interested in the stories behind the magazines, such as who created them and how they were created. 50. Salina is a college student of psychology. She needs some information to finish her paper about people's certain behaviors in society. She extremely wants to get information about why people are willing to help others. Ⅳ写作（共两节，满分 40 分）
第一节基础写作（共 l 小题，满分 15 分） 请根据以下的内容编写第 16 届亚运会的英语介绍。 【写作内容】 第 16 届亚运会于 2010 年 11 月 12 日至 27 日在中国广州进行。广州是中国第二个取得 亚运会主办权的城市，北京曾于 1990 年举办第 1l 届亚运会。广州亚运会共设 42 项比赛项 目，是亚运会历史上比赛项目最多的一届。来自亚洲 45 个国家和地区的近万名运动员顽强 拼搏，超越自我，刷新了 3 项世界纪录和 27 项亚运会纪录。来自亚洲各国各地区的运动员、 教练员和来宾共同为我们呈现一届精彩、成功、和谐的亚运会。 【写作要求】 1．必须使用 5 个句子表达全部的内容； 2．文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 【评分标准】 句子结构准确，信息内容完整，篇章结构连贯。 第二节读写任务（共 l 小题，满分 25 分） 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 A generation ago, after-school tutors(家庭教师) were fairly rare. However, that's changed.Now more and more high school students, especially in big cities, seem to need professional help from tutors to keep up with their study, especially in English, maths and science courses.Many parents are willing to pay for private tutors in order to prepare their children for the tests they must take for admission to a good university. What has changed in teaching approaches or the curriculum that causes more students to seek tutoring? In fact, commentaries(评论) in newspapers, journals, or blogs point to two major reasons for the popularity of tutors. First' as top colleges become more competitive, some subjects in high schools have certainly gotten more difficult. Second, increasing competition to get into selective colleges has encouraged parents to give their children the possibility of improving their scores on a college admissions test. The fact that students must now pass a test in mathematics (among other subjects) to receive a high school diploma has undoubtedly encouraged more parents of students with poor study skills or test-taking habits to hire a tutor. Parents have to hire tutors to help struggling children -- especially children with learning disabilities -- to pass a required course. 【写作内容】 1．以约 30 词概括短文的要点； 2．以约 120 个词就“中学生要不要请家教”的主题发表你的看法，并包括如下要点： 1)谈谈请家教的利与弊； 2)你个人会请家教吗？ 3)你怎样应对学习上遇到的困难？ 【写作要求】 1．可以使用实例或其他论述方法支持你的论点，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但不得 直接引用原文中的句子；标题自定； 2．作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 【评分标准】 概括准确、语言规范、内容合适、篇章连贯。
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基础写作 The 16th Asian Games were held in Guangzhou, China from November 12, 2010 to November 27, 2010. Guangzhou is the second city in China to host the games after Beijing in 1990. There were 42 events contested, making the most events ever competed in history of the Asian Games. Nearly one hundred thousand athletes from 45 different countries and regions of Asia participated in the games，and tried their best to challenge themselves，breaking 3 world records and 27 records in Asian Games. With the efforts of all the athletes, coaches as well as guests, we enjoy a wonderful, successful and harmonious Asia Games. 读写任务 The passage mainly tells us the phenomenon that many high school students turn to tutors for help in their study after school and the reasons why tutors are so popular. It goes without saying that after-school tutoring can help some students, especially those who are weak at a certain subject, to some extend. Tutors focus their attention on a student at one time, so it is easier for them to make their teaching plans flexibly according to the student’s need. However, when students are too dependent on tutors, they may pay less attention to the regular study at school. As tutoring often takes place after school, so it takes up students’ free time, leaving them less time to relax themselves. Personally, I will not turn to tutors for help in my study. I believe if I can make full use of the regular teaching in school, I will do a good job in my study. When I am faced with difficulties in my study, I will try my best to figure them out independently. If they are beyond my reach, I will turn to my teachers for professional guidance.