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2012年高考真题试卷英语(重庆卷)答案解析版(2)


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绝密★启用前 解密时间: 2012 年 6 月 8 日 17:00

【考试时间: 月 8 日 15:00—17:00】 6

2012 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(重庆卷)

英语试题卷
英语试题卷共 16 页

。满分 150 分。考试时间 120 分钟。 注意事项: 1. 答题前,务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡规定的位置上。 2. 答选择题时,必须使用 2B 铅笔将答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动用橡 皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。 3. 答非选择题时,必须使用 0.5 毫米黑色签字笔,将答案写在答题卡规定的位置上。 4. 所有题目必须在答题卡上作答,在试题卷上答题无效。 5. 考试结束后,将试卷和答题卡一并交回。 一、听力(共三节,满分 30 分) 做题时,请先将答案划在试题卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试题卷上 的答案转涂或转填到答题卡上。 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 请听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出 最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段 对话读一遍。 例:How much is the shirt? A. ? 19.15 B. ? 9.15 C. ? 9.18 答案是 B。 1.How old is the girl? A. 7 B. 8 2 . Where does the conversation most probably take place ? A. In a bank B. In a store 3. How will the two speakers travel ? A. By bus B. By car 4. What are the two speakers talking about ? A. Their work B. Their manager 5. What is the woman’s problem ? A. She is thirsty B. She is sick

C. 10 C. In a library C. By train C. Their meeting C. She is tired

第二节 (共 12 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 18 分) 请听下面 4 端对话或独白。 每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题所给的 A、B、C 三 个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听 完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 请听第六段材料,回答第 6 至第 8 题。 6. Which TV program does the women like best ? A. Sports program B. Morning news

C. Talk show

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7. How much time does the woman spend watching TV every day ? A. About half an hour B. About two hours C. About four hours 8. What is the conversation mainly about ? A. Types of TV programs. B. Popular TV shows C. TV watching habits 请听第 7 段材料,回答第 9 至 11 题。 9. Who will take the guitar lessons? A. The woman B. The woman’s son 10. How long has the woman played the piano? A. For two years B. For three years 11. How much do the Tuesday lessons cost per hour? A. $ 4 B. $8 请听第 8 段材料,回答第 12 至 14 题。 12. What was the umbrellas first used for? A. Keeping the water off on rainy days. B. Protecting people against the sun. C. Showing the power of the rich. 13. Who were the first to use the umbrella in Europe? A. The English B. The French 14. What is the passage mainly about? A. The invention of the umbrella. B. The history of the umbrella. C. The style of the umbrella. 请听第 9 段材料,回答第 15 至 17 题。 15. What does the conversation most probably take place? A. On Monday. B. On Wednesday. 16. What kind of food might the woman have tonight? A. Italian food. B. French food. 17. How many people will go for dinner? A. Three. B. Six.

C. The woman’s friend C. For five years C. $12

C. The Greeks.

C. On Saturday. C. Japanese food. C. Eight.

第三节(共 3 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 4.5 分) 请听下面一段独白,用所听到的独白中的词或数填空,每空限填一个词或一个数。填入 内容要写在答题卡相应的位置上。在听本段独白前,你将有时间阅读各小题,每小题 5 秒, 听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。本段独白读两遍。 请听第 10 段材料,回答第 18 至 20 题。

Timetable of a Radio Station
Time Radio Four Radio Three Radio Two Radio One 7:30 7:30 8:00 10:00 Program 18: discussion Concert _football Match News

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Radio One

_10:30

Travel

二、英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 请从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选 项标号涂黑。 例:A computer can only do __________you have instructed it to do. A. how B. after C. what D. when 答案是 C. 21.--John, when shall we meet again, Thursday or Friday? --___________.I’ll be off to London then. A. Either B. Neither C. Both D. None 【解析】B。这道题毫无难度。考查代词用法。问者: “约翰,我们什么时候再次见面?是 周四还是周五?” 。从回答者的话里可以看出,那时他已经离开去伦敦了,所以不管是周四 还是周五,都不可能见面。答案为 neither。 22.--Kevin, you look worried. Anything wrong? --Well, I a test and I’m waiting for the result. A. will take B. took C. had taken D. take 【解析】B。此题无难度。考查时态和情景交际。问者关切询问出了什么事,回答者说: “我 参加了一个考试,我正在等结果。 ”用一般过去时。极少数考生可能会不小心选成 C,但过 去完成时连过去的基点都没有,无从谈起。 23. to work overtime that evening, I missed a wonderful film. A. Having been asked B. To ask C. Having asked D. To be asked 【解析】A。此题考查分词。用现在分词完成时的被动形式,代替原因状语,表示前一个动 作导致了错过一场好电影。这个句子完整的就是“Because I had been asked to work overtime that evening, ….” 24.Sam has been appointed _______ manager of the engineering department to take ____ place of George. A. /, / B. the, / C the, the D./, the 【解析】D。这道题考查冠词。 “山姆已经被指定代替乔治的位子,担当工程部的经理” 。在 人名、 称呼语或头衔的名词前, 要用到零冠词 。 “/”后一个空是固定搭配 take the (one’s) place… 代替。 25.-you interrupt now? Can’t you see I’m on the phone? --Sorry sir, but it’s urgent. A. Can B. Should C. Must D. Would 【解析】C。此题考查情态动词,无难度。 “你非要现在打断我吗?你难道没看见我在打电 话吗?”must 表说话者极不耐烦和生气的语气。 26.--The Modern Art Exhibition in the City Museum has been cancelled. --Oh, no! . A. It’s a pity B. It doesn’t matter C.I knew it already D. It’s not interesting at all 【解析】A。此题考查情景交际。 “城市博物馆的现代艺术展已经被取消了。 ”A: “真遗憾” ; B: “没关系” ;C: “我已经知道了” ;D: “完全没有一点意思” 。从情景交际考查的角度来
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说,B\ C\ D 三个选项缺乏使之成立的上下文语言环境。而只有 A 才是人际交流中顺其自然 的正常反应。再加上“Oh, no!”表达了说话者极度失望的情绪,故选 A。 27.Food supplies in the flood-stricken area . We must act immediately before there’s left. A. have run out B. are running out C. have been run out D. are being run out 【解析】B。此题考查时态。 “在遭受洪水袭击的地区,食物供给快完了。我们必须赶在(食 物)一无所剩之前立刻行动起来。 ”从句子后半句我们可以知道受灾灾区食物还有少许,还没 有到山穷水尽的地步,只是所剩已经不多。所以我们选用现在进行时表示“即将” 。另外, run out 这个词组没有被动语态形式。故不选 D。 28.We’re having a meeting in half an hour. The decision at the meeting will influence the future of our company. A. to be made B. being made C. made D. having been made 【解析】A。此题考查动词不定式。 “我们将在半个小时之内举行会议,会议作出的决定将 会对我们公司的未来产生影响。 ”从第一句话就可以看出会议尚未举行,所以所谓的决议也 还没有形成。 所以选项里, 只有动词不定式才可以表示将来。 注意, 因为后句主语是 decision, 故使用动词不定式的被动形式。 29.Sales director is a position communication ability is just as important as sales. A. which B. that C. when D. where 【解析】D。考查定语从句。 “销售经理是一个职位,在这个职位上,交流能力和销售能力 一样重要。 ”先行词 position 在从句中充当的成分应是“on this position” ,故选择 where。 30.—Coach, can I continue with the training? —Sorry, you can’t you haven’t recovered from the knee injury. A. until B. before C. as D. unless 【解析】C。此题考查原因状语从句。 “教练,我能够继续我的训练吗?” “不行,因为你膝 盖的伤还没有痊愈。 ”后句是现在完成时,要选 A 或者 B,后句要变成肯定句,并使用一般 现在时。 “Sorry, you can’t before you recover from the knee injury.” 31.Before you quit your job, how your family would feel about your decision. A. consider B. considering C. to consider D. considered 【解析】A。此题考查祈使句。 “在你辞职之前,请好好考虑你家人对于你的决定的感受。 ” 此题容易让考生选成 B。此处不选现在分词,因为根据句意的情景,consider 不表目的、伴 随、原因??,而就是一个祈使句,表示一种规劝、建议的语气。 32.It was 80 years before Christopher Columbus crossed the Atlantic Zheng He sailed to East Africa A. when B. that C. after D. since 【解析】B。此题考查特殊句式之强调句。 “早在克里斯多夫·哥伦布穿越大西洋的 80 多年 前,郑和就航行到了非洲东海岸。 ”本句特意强调时间状语,强调郑和同志远航非洲的了不 起。 “It was…that…” 本句依然成立, 去掉 , 故此句就是一强调句。 years before Christopher “80 Columbus crossed the Atlantic, Zheng He sailed to East Africa.” 33.The headmaster will not permit the change in the course, nor it a thought. A. does he even given B. he even gives C. will he even give D. he will even given 【解析】 此题考查倒装句。 C。 “校长不会同意转科的, 他甚至也根本不会考虑这个问题。 前 ”
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句否定句 +(后句)nor/neither+不完全倒装。 34.Evdence has been found through years of study children’s early sleeping problem are likely to continue when they grow up. A. why B. how C. whether D. that 【解析】D。此题考查名词性从句的同位语从句。 “通过好些年的研究,孩子们早期睡眠的 问题在他们长大后很有可能会延续的证据已经找到了。 ”后句其实就是对 evidence 的进一步 解释,是名词性从句里的同位语从句。故只能选 that。 35.—Look, here comes your dream girl. Invite her to dance. —______What if she refuses me? A.I don’t know B. Why me? C. With pleasure D. So what? 【解析】A。考查情景交际。 “瞧,你的梦中女神来了。去请她跳支舞吧。“我不确定该不 ” 该这么做也,要是她拒绝我咋办啊?”此处我们选择 A,表达说话者又想上前又怕被拒绝的 矛盾、迟疑和犹豫的心态。B: “干嘛是我?”一般用于不情愿接受任务或者悲叹命运不公 时使用;C: “非常乐意” ,一般用于乐意提供帮助;D: “那又怎样?”一般表示语气上对既 成事实的一种让步。 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 请阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 36-55 各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中, 选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项的标号涂黑。 I became a gardener when I was twelve. My early__36___of gardening may not have originated from my love for nature. It was to ___37____my parents. At that time, we had a big yard in which a beautiful maple tree stood. But my mother often looked with __38___at this work of natural art. Those golden leaves seemed like tons of rubbish to her, “something else to ___39___!” Seeing the neighbors busy with gardening, my father ever thought it a waste of time. At that age, I always did something___40___to whatever my parents did! If gardening were something they found____41___, I would plant a garden! I planted some lily(百合花)seeds in the yard. But they failed to ___42___.I continued to plant sunflower seeds and roses. Wild ___43___ joy, I found the first rose bloom(开花).One by one, the flowers bloomed their heads off. __44___, I was touched by this land of wonder. ___45___, my parents showed no interest in my garden. My father even___46___at me because he found it was ___47___to move around my garden to the driveway. To my mother’s ___48__ , I put in her vase my real roses which, in her eyes, were simply weeds____49___flowers. Regardless of their ___50___,I kept on planting my garden and ___51___to enjoy the pleasure of gardening. Plants make such good companions: they breathe, they bloom, they___52____to care and love. It has been many years since I made my first garden out of my desire to ___53___my parents. Today I become known as Mrs. Greenthumbs, teaching gardening and hosting a gardening show which makes my parents feel very___54_ . And now I could say it is my affection for___55___that makes me a real gardener. 36.A. memory B. dream C. intention D. design 37.A. please B. change C. help D. annoy 38.A.doubt B. appreciation C. surprise D. excitement
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39.A.collect up 40.A.equal 41.A.painful 42.A.come up 43.A.to 44.A.Luckily 45.A.Instead 46.A.shouted 47.A.convenient 48.A.sadness 49.A.other than 50.A.dislike 51.A.decided 52.A.devote 53.A.defeat 54.A.proud 55.A.freedom

B. care about B. similar B. valuable B. break out B. with B. Cheerfully B. However B. laughed B. troublesome B. displeasure B. more than B. encouragement B. stopped B. turn B. satisfy B. comfortable B. life

C. clean up C. superior C. upsetting C. hold on C. in C. Regularly C. Therefore C. glanced C. enjoyable C. delight C. rather than C. threat C. continued C. respond C. respect C. strange C. growth

D. come in D. opposite D. interesting D. get through D. by D. Eventually D. Besides D. jumped D. dangerous D. relief D. less than D. suggestion D. struggled D. lead D. challenge D. disappointed D. nature

翻译: 十二岁那年,我成为了一个园艺爱好者。不过关于搞园艺,我最初的意图并非起源于 我对大自然的热爱,而是故意气气我父母。 当时,我家有个大院子,院子里矗立着一株漂亮的枫树。对于这大自然的杰作,我母 亲却经常用一种质疑的眼光看着它。那些金灿灿的树叶,在她看来就是成吨的垃圾。当看到 邻居们忙于修葺院落和修剪花木时,我爸爸总是说:“去打扫打扫其他的东西吧。”他老觉 得那是在浪费时间。 在那个时候,(由于叛逆,我都不会遂着父母之意,)他们做的任何事,我都会对着干。 如果园艺活儿让他们心烦意乱,那我就要给他们种出一个花园来! 于是,我在院子里种上了百合花种子,可惜未能吐芽。我继续种上了向日葵种子和玫 瑰花。让我欣喜若狂的是,我发现玫瑰开出了第一株花。接着,一朵接一朵,玫瑰花儿次第 露头了。最后,我自己也被这方小小的神奇的花圃深深打动了?? 然而,我父母对我的花圃毫无兴致。我父亲因为想跨过我的花圃走到车道而费尽周章, 他甚至向我咆哮喝斥。而让我母亲不快的是,我在她的花瓶里插上真正的玫瑰,但在她眼里 就跟杂草无异。 我不顾父母对我摆弄花草的嫌恶,坚持经营着我小小的花圃,享受着园艺给我带来的 无上的快乐。这些小小的花木真的会成为你的好伙伴:它们呼吸、它们开花、它们努力回应 着你给它们的关爱。 时光荏苒,从我蓄意挑战我父母而修建我的第一座花圃至今,已经过去了很多年。现 在我已经是位知名的园艺专家,不仅教授园艺艺术,还主持了一个园艺节目,这让我父母为 之自豪。 现在我终于可以说, 确实是因为我对大自然的爱才造就我成为了一个真正的园艺工 作者。 36.C. 作者坦诚爱上园艺,最初的目的和意图(intention)并非是因为热爱大自然,而只是 为了和父母对着干。D项的design,主要表示和创作有关的“设计”,也可表示创作 文学作品的构思或者提纲,在引申义中,可以表示贬义词“企图或图谋”意。
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37. D. 从第三段第一句“At that age, I always did something opposite to whatever my parents did!”可知,这孩子小时候确很叛逆。她建花圃的最初目的当然也是annoy父母,使 父母生气。 38. A. 这道题可以使用排除法来锁定标准答案。 作者的母亲一直以来都是不喜欢园艺的。 对 于这棵枫树,她自然不会喜欢。B项表“欣赏”;D项表“激动”,明显不符。C项 的“惊奇”也和作者想表达的意图没有关系。 39. C. 这个选项并不难,但是如果同学们没看懂“Something else to clean up”,那选起来 就有点麻烦了。 这句话句意其实没完, 后面这句带现在分词的seeing the neighbor busy with gardening(看见邻居们忙于做园艺活儿)才是关键。正是因为父亲不屑于园艺, 所以看见别人忙园艺的时候,才冷嘲热讽的说应该花时间去打扫一下其他的东西。 40. D 37题已经解释过了。结合37题,对照思考,考虑到作者年轻时的叛逆个性,应该可 以直接选出opposite,作者喜好和父母对着干。 41. C. 这一题的B项 “贵重的” 和D项 “有趣的” 无难度, 容易排除。 但学生们容易选成painful。 园艺也只是一项家务活儿而已,而作者的父母也只是对其不屑和厌烦而已,故干脆 选择不为之。说道“痛苦的”,词义太过。相比而言,C项“心烦的”更适合。 42. A. come up“发芽;走上前来;出现”;break out“爆发”;hold on“继续;不挂断”; get through“度过,完成”。选A,百合花没发芽。考查动词词组的掌握。 43. B wild with joy,“欣喜若狂;洋洋得意”之意。 44. D 此题容易选成cheerfully“高高兴兴地”。仔细斟酌句子,我们看到“one by one, the flowers bloomed their heads off.”作者从开始种植百合花的失败,到第一朵玫瑰花开 花,再到花朵次第出现,最后自己都被神奇的小花圃所打动,强调的是个心态转变 的过程。而整篇文章,作者也想书写自己由最开始的叛逆行为,到真正变为对大自 然和园艺艺术的热爱的一个过程。所以,cheerfully在这里显得肤浅。 45. B 简单题,however,表达不管作者的努力,父母还是无动于衷。表转折。 46. A “……because he found it was troublesome to move around my garden to the driveway.” 当父亲去往车道的路都被我的花圃遮挡,每次去取车都要大费周章的时候,谁都会 暴跳如雷、大声咆哮的。Jump at表示“把握、接受(机会);欣然接受;匆匆做出(结 论等)”的意思。 47. B 见46题解释。D项dangerous太过了。跨过花圃去车道就要人命了?呵呵。 48. B 这句话仍然是在讲作者妈妈对她种花成功的不屑和不满。从“I put in her vase my real roses which, in her eyes, were simply weeds rather than flowers” 明显可以看出妈妈的这 种情绪。A项sadness有点莫名其妙,明显和作者大意相去甚远。妈妈悲伤个啥? 49. C 妈妈觉得插在花瓶里真实的玫瑰,与其说是花,不如就是说是杂草。rather than是最 合适的。Other than“不同于;除了?以外”;more than和less than都是数量上的比 较。 50. A. regardless of是“不管;不顾”的意思,不管父母多不喜欢,作者还是坚持我的种花 行为。看懂即可选出dislike“憎恶;不喜欢”。 51. C 作者不顾反对,坚持种花,继续享受种花乐趣。A项的decided to enjoy…“决定享受 乐趣”不好,作者其实在之前已经享受到了种花的乐趣。 52. C 在培育花木的过程中,作者因为已经对大自然、对花木有了深厚的感情。所以她用 亲切的笔触、用拟人的手法写道:“they breathe, they bloom, they respond to care and love.” 所以respond to 回应(作者的关爱)” , “ 是最适当的。 devote to… “把?奉献给…” ; turn to…“求助于;转向于”;lead to..“导致;通向…” 53. D 此题应该看成是对37题、40题的重现,都是对作者当年开始养花的最初目的的诠释。
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Challenge“挑战父母的耐心,对着干”。 54. A 作者在变化,作者的父母也在改变。作者在园艺上做出了一番成就,当然会让她的 父母为之骄傲。 55. D 主题重现, 也和第一段首尾呼应。 第一段 “My early intention of gardening may not have originated from my love for nature.”,而最后一句,作者不无感叹地说:“And now I could say it is my affection for nature that makes me a real gardener.”。真正让作者坚持 下来,变成一个真正的园林工作者的原因,是因为对大自然的热爱。 三、阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分) 请阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在 答题卡上将该选项的标号涂黑。 A One of my wonderful memories is about a Christmas gift . Unlike other gifts, it came without wrap(包装). On September 11th ,1958,Mum gave birth to Richard. After she brought him home from hospital, she put him in my lap, saying, “I promised you a gift , and here it is.” What an honor!I turned four a month earlier and none of my friends had such a baby doll of their own. I played with it day and night. I sang to it. I told it stories .I told it over and over how much I loved it! One morning, however, I found its bed empty. My doll was gone! I cried for it. Mum wept and told me that the poor little thing bad been sent to a hospital. It had a fever. For several days I Heard Mum and Dad whispering such words as “hopeless”, “pitiful”, and “dying”, which sounded ominous. Christmas was coming. “Don’t expect any presents this year,” Dad said, pointing at the socks I hung in the living room. “If your baby brother lives, that’ll be Christmas enough.” As he spoke, his eyes filled with tears. I’d never seen him cry before . The phone rang early on Christmas morning. Dad jumped out of bed to answer it. From my bedroom I heard him say, “What? He’s all right?” He hung up and shouted upstairs. “The hospital said we can bring Richard home !” “Thank God !” I heard Mum cry . From the upstairs window, I watched my parents rush out to the car. I had never seen them so happy. And I was also full of joy. What a wonderful day! My baby doll would be home. I ran downstairs. My socks still hung there flat. But I knew they were not empty; they were filled with love! 这篇文章是简单的叙事文,是一篇关于亲情的文章。笔触平实,情感动人。故事发生在 圣诞节前后,为了拯救出生不久的患病的孩子(作者的弟弟) ,全家都承受了巨大的心理压 力。文章用一个小孩简单的感受,通过对父母的语言描写和神态动作观察和描写,表达了亲 情在这个并不富裕的家庭里的巨大感召力。孩子的康复出院,实在是给这个家庭、给作者最 好的圣诞礼物。 56. what happened to the author on September 11th , 1958? A. He got a baby brother. B. He got a Christmas gift C. He became four years old. D. He received a doll. 【解析】从第二段第一句“On September 11th ,1958,Mum gave birth to Richard.” ,我们可 以看出作者的弟弟诞生了。这个弟弟并非是真正的 doll 洋娃娃,这点同学们千万要读懂。 57.What does the underlined word “ominous” in Paragraph 3 probably mean? A. Impossible. B. Boring C. Difficult D. Fearful
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【解析】ominous 本意是“不吉利的;凶兆的”,这道题就要考查考生们的理解能力了。作 者当时还是个孩子, “For several days I heard Mum and Dad whispering such words as “hopeless”, “pitiful”, and “dying””,在他幼小而懵懂的心里,这些词是有一定的惊吓作用的。 故选 D。 58. Which word can best describe the feeling of the father when Christmas was coming? A. Excitement. B. Happiness. C. Sadness. D. Disappointment. 59. What is the passage mainly about ? A . A sad Christmas day B. Life with a lovely baby C. A special Christmas gift. D. Memories of a happy family 【解析】容易选成 D。我相信这个家庭因为有亲情,他们内心肯定是快乐的,但是但从文章 来看,这件事并不是快乐的。同理,这个圣诞节虽然过得提心吊胆、愁云密布,但最终的结 果却是快乐和令人欣慰的,故不选 A。 B Top lists are lecturing people on everything from “100 places to visit” to “100 books to read ”. Aren't you just tired of being told what to do with your time? Now you have a list to end all lists! Take a look at the following two examples from the list of “101 things not to do”: Swim with Dolphins(海豚)? Swimming with dolphins is one of the world’s most profitable tourist activities. However, every dolphin will welcome having their busy, tiring day interrupted by tourists screaming and pushing around them in the water. Worse yet, when dolphins get too near to the boats loaded with tourists, they could get caught up in ropes and killed by propellers(螺旋桨). Here’s a little secret. Dolphins look like smiling at you, but actually they’re just opening their mouths. Go to See the Mona Lisa? There must be something about the mysterious(神秘的)smile. The 6 million people who visit the lady in the Louvre every year can’t all be wrong, after all. But they can be quite annoying, standing in front of you, holding up their cameras to prevent you from seeing anything. In fact, it is hard for you to see the painting clearly because you have to stay away from it for security reasons. After queuing for hours, many tourists can remain in front of the painting only for 15 seconds at most. If the mysterious lady in the picture knew her fate, she wouldn’t just be smiling, she’d be laughing. So, still long to see the Mona Lisa? If you want to find out more about the list, read 101 Things NOT to Do Before You Die. Visit www.not2dobeforeidie.co.uk and buy the book at a 20% discount. 这篇文章的作者对所谓的《100 个必须旅游的地方》《100 本必须要读的书》等书是持抵 、 制和鄙视态度的。也正是因为如此,他出炉了《101 件死前不要做的事》 。在这些事情中, 和海豚一起游泳其实是对海豚生命的伤害和威胁; 去看蒙娜丽莎的微笑, 也会因为人满为患 而索然无趣??但说到底,他是为了自己的新书打广告。 60. According to the passage, swimming with dolphins________. A. is the world’s most popular tourist activity B. gives fun to both tourists and
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dolphins C. will make tourists busy and tired D. can cause danger to dolphins 【解析】从此句判断而出: “Worse yet, when dolphins get too near to the boats loaded with tourists, they could get caught up in ropes and killed by propellers(螺旋桨).” 61.What does the author think about going to see the Mona Lisa? A. It is wrong to go and see the mysterious smile. B. It is not as satisfying as expected. C. Fifteen seconds in front of the painting is enough. D. Queuing for hours is worthwhile. 【解析】 从这两句可看出答案: In fact, it is hard for you to see the painting clearly because you “ have to stay away from it for security reasons. After queuing for hours, many tourists can remain in front of the painting only for 15 seconds at most.” ,并且作者还开玩笑的说:如果蒙娜丽莎 知道了她现在的名声和卢浮宫里游人如织的情景,她早就不是微笑,而是大笑了。 62.The list of “101 things not to do” is made most probably because its author_______. A. thinks it boring to do the things suggested by other lists B. believes other lists are not humorous enough C. intends to persuade people to read more lists D. wants to provide a list different from other lists 【解析】从此句“Now you have a list to end all lists! Take a look at the following two examples from the list of “101 things not to do:”可知。虽有借踩踏其他名单而抬高自己之嫌,但是这确 是他打广告的目的——售书。 63.What is the main purpose of the passage? A. To advertise a book B. To introduce a website C. To comment on popular lists D. To recommend tourist activities. 【解析】从“If you want to find out more about the list, read 101 Things NOT to Do Before You Die. Visit www.not2dobeforeidie.co.uk and buy the book at a 20% discount.”可知,作者终极目 的是要把读者拉到他的网站来买书,还提供八折购书。 ” C There is no better way to enjoy Scottish traditions than going fishing and tasting a little bit of whisky(威士忌)at a quiet place like the Inverlochy Castle. When Queen Victoria visited the castle in 1873, she wrote in her diary, “I never saw a lovelier spot ,” And she didn’t even go fishing. Scotland is not easily defined. In certain moments, this quiet land of lakes and grasses and mountains changes before your very eyes. When evening gently sweeps the hillside into orange light, the rivers, teeming with fish, can turn into streams of gold . As you settle down with just a fishing pole and a basket on the bank of River Orchy, near the Inverlochy Castle , any frustration(烦恼) will float away as gently as the circling water. It’s just you and purple, pink, white flowers, seeking a perfect harmony. If you are a new comer to fishing, learning the basics from a fishing guide may leave you with a lifetime’s fun. For many, fishing is more than a sport; it is an art. Scotland offers interesting place where you can rest after a long day’s fishing. Set against a wild mountain and hidden behind woodland, the beautiful Inverlochy Castle Hotel below the Nevis is a perfect place to see the beauty of Scotland’s mountains. Ben Nevis is the highest of all British mountains, and reaching its 1343-metre top is a challenge. But it’s not just what goes up matters; what comes down is unique. More than 900 metres high, on the mountain’s north face,
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lies an all-important source of pure water. Its name comes from the Gaelic language “usquebaugh” or “water of life”; and it is the single most important ingredient(原料) in Scotland’s best known drink: whisky. 这篇文章介绍了声名赫赫的苏格兰高地威廉堡。相比于前两篇阅读,难度开始增加,部 分字句开始文学化。第一段提纲挈领简介威廉堡的乐趣所在:钓鱼和威士忌。第二段就主要 讲的威廉堡的渔趣,第三段则用笔墨讲的威廉堡的威士忌。 64.The story of Queen Victoria is to show that _____. A. the queen is rich in tour experience B. the Castle is a good place to go in Scotland C. tasting whisky is better than going fishing D.1873 is a special year for the queen 【解析】 第一段是提纲挈领介绍苏格兰高地威廉堡的两大不可错过的事, 而列举维多利亚女 王的事例,完全是为了说明威廉堡是个好地方,而且,女王甚至还没有体会垂钓之乐,都写 下了“I never saw a lovelier spot ”,可见该地确实是值得去的好地儿。 65. How is Paragraph 2 mainly developed? A. By giving descriptions. B. By following time order. C. By analyzing causes. D. By making comparisons. 【解析】这道题考得很新颖,很少有高考题从写作手法入手来出题。A:“描写”;B:“按 照时间顺序书写”;C:“分析原因”;D:“作比较的写作手法”。第二段写的是威廉堡 的渔趣,是描写手法。 66. What is Ben Nevis special for? A. The Inverlochy Castle Hotel . B. The beauty of its surroundings. C. The water from the mountain. D. The challenge up to its top. 【解析】 最后一段先描写该地的山势地形, 然后落到了 “水” 上。 高山泉水 (盖尔语里的 “生 命之水” )造就了举世闻名的苏格兰威士忌。 67. What is the main purpose of the passage? A. To introduce Scottish traditions to tourists. B. To show the attractions of Scotland to readers. C. To explore geographical characteristics of Scotland. D. To describe the pleasures of life in Scotland. 【解析】B 和 D 选项让我在做的时候,斟酌了很久。除了 C 项“探究苏格兰地理特征”和 A 项“介绍苏格兰风俗”错得比较明显,其他 2 个就要仔细比较了。注意这两个单词:B 项 的 “show the attraction” D 项的 , “describe” 表面上作者确是在描写苏格兰生活的悠闲生活, 。 并非只是描写生活在苏格兰的乐趣而已。更深层次的目的是:他分别用了两段、浓墨重彩给 游人介绍两个威廉堡最独特的吸引:渔趣和泉水酿的酒。这两个事、物是如此独特,足以让 威廉堡与众不同。所以想及此,果断选了 D,证明判断正确。 D To take the apple as a forbidden fruit is the most unlikely story the Christians(基督教徒) ever cooked up. For them, the forbidden fruit from Eden is evil(邪恶的). So when Columbus brought the tomato back from South America, a land mistakenly considered to be Eden, everyone jumped to be the obvious conclusion. Wrongly taken as the apple of Eden, the tomato was shut out of the door of Europeans. What made it particularly terrifying was its similarity to the mandrake, a plant that was
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thought to have come from Hell(地狱).What earned the plant its awful reputation was its roots which looked like a dried-up human body occupied by evil spirits. Tough the tomato and the mandrake were quite different except that both had bright red or yellow fruit, the general population considered them one and the same, too terrible to touch. Cautious Europeans long ignored the tomato, and until the early 1700s most of the Western people continued to drag their feet. In the 1880s, the daughter of a well-known plant expert wrote that the most interesting part of an afternoon tea at her father’s house had been the “introduction of this wonderful new fruit—or is it a vegetable?” As late as the twentieth century some writers still classed tomatoes with mandrakes as an “evil fruit”. But in the end tomatoes carried the day. The hero of the tomato was an American named Robert Johnson, and when he was publicly going to eat the tomato in 1820, people journeyed for hundreds of miles to watch him drop dead. “What are you afraid of?” he shouted. “I’ll show you fools that these things are good to eat!” Then he bit into the tomato. Some people fainted. But he survived and, according to a local story, set up a tomato-canning factory. 本文讲述了西红柿进入欧洲的“辛酸血泪史” ,呵呵。原本产于南美洲的西红柿(好像 之前也叫狼果) ,因为和基督教道德里的伊甸园的禁果“沾上了关系” ,所以根本无法进入欧 洲。直到勇敢的人儿站出来品尝,才逐渐为其正名。注意几个词组:drag one’s feet 拖拖拉 拉;蹒跚而行 carry the day 取胜 68. The tomato was shut out of the door of early Europeans mainly because ______. A. it made Christians evil. B. it was the apple of Eden C. it came from a forbidden land D. it was religiously unacceptable 【解析】欧洲本就是基督教思想控制的地区,西红柿自打在南美发现开始,就悲惨地和禁果 等同起来,不能进入欧洲,当然是宗教的不接受。 69. What can we infer the underlined part in Paragraph 3 ? A. The process of ignoring the tomato slowed down B. There was little progress in the study of the tomato C. The tomato was still refused in most western countries D. Most western people continued to get rid of the tomato 【解析】drag one’s feet 本意是拖拖拉拉,做事不利索,下划线部分不是指的缓慢下来,而 是指的自始自终就没快过,故不选 A。B 项错在“study”上,欧洲人当时做的并非是对西 红柿研究,而是根本地拒绝。D 项的“get rid of…”没有道理。 70. What is the main reason for Robert Johnson to eat the tomato publicly? A. To make himself a hero B. To remove people’s fear of the tomato C. To speed up the popularity of the tomato D. To persuade people to buy products from his factory 71. What is the main purpose of the passage ? A. To challenge people’s fixed concepts of the tomato B. To give an explanation to people’s dislike of the tomato C. To present the change of people’s attitudes to the tomato D. To show the process of freeing the tomato from religious influence 【解析】判断文章的主要意图,A、B 项可以轻易排除。C、D 两项我比较了很久,最终选 择了 C 项,虽说选对了,我都感觉有点幸运的成分。C 项是说展现人们对于西红柿态度的 变化,D 项是说展现西红柿如何摆脱宗教影响的过程。这两个选项让我至少想了三分钟。后 来我是这样想的: 西红柿的一生虽然充满坎坷, 而且宗教的确在它的血泪史里有着梦魇一般
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的作用, 但是并非是唯一的影响因素。 而且第三段更是讲解了人们对于西红柿态度开始动摇, 虽然“Cautious Europeans long ignored the tomato” ,但也有著名的种植专家的女儿写下的怀 疑,这些都是实实在在的人的态度的“变化” ,并没有刻意去描写宗教的影响;在最后一段 里,真正拯救和吃下西红柿的人还是个美国人,他用自己勇敢的行为,给那些前来观看他死 亡的人以有力一击。 而在这些故事的描写中, 也和宗教就没有太大关系了。 最后我考虑的是: 在“人”的态度变化和西红柿本身地位变化的“过程”选择上,我还是倾向于选择了内涵似 乎更深层次的“人”的因素。所以综上所述,宗教只是构成文章的“重要因素”和“起因” , 并非贯穿文章的“线索” 。 E In his 1930 essay “Economic Possibilities for Our Grandchildren ”, John Keynes, a famous economist, wrote that human needs fall into two classes: absolute needs ,which are independent of what others have , and relative needs ,which make us feel superior to our fellows. He thought that although relative needs may indeed be insatiable (无止境的) , this is not true of absolute needs. Keynes was surely correct that only a small part of total spending is decided by the desire for superiority. He was greatly mistaken, however, in seeing this desire as the only source of insatiable demands. Decisions to spend are also driven by ideas of quality which can influence the demands for almost all goods, including even basic goods like food. When a couple goes out for an anniversary dinner, for example, the thought of feeling superior to others probably never comes to them. Their goal is to share a special meal that stands out from other meals. There are no obvious limits to the escalation of demand for quality. For example, Porsche, a famous car producer, has a model which was considered perhaps the best sport car on the market Priced at over $120,000, it handles perfectly well and has great speed acceleration. But in 2004, the producer introduced some changes which made the model slightly better in handling and acceleration. People who really care about cars find these small improvements exciting. To get them, however, they must pay almost four times the price. By placing the desire to be superior to others at the heart of his description of insatiable demands, Keynes actually reduced such demands. However, the desire for higher quality has no natural limits. 本次高考的最后一篇阅读, 确有难度, 是一篇议论文。 它从英国著名经济学家约翰· 梅 纳德·凯恩斯的一篇文章《我们后代的经济前景》入手,辩证地指出了他在文中提出的、关 于消费需求的正确的和错误论点, 指出了他的 “人类对于优越生活的欲望是过度消费的唯一 源泉”的错误。作者列举事例,从结婚周年庆的夫妇吃大餐的原因分析,并列举了保时捷一 个成功的营销战例, 力图证明消费也是由真实的、 对生活质量的需求而决定的。 在经济学上, 绝对需求,指的是包括吃、喝、睡、性等一系列与我们的动物属性相关的对于生存的要求; 相对需求,则指衣住行、柴米油盐、烟酒糖茶?享受类等与心理更为相关的社群性需求。 72. According to the passage, John Keynes believed that_______. A. desire is the root of both absolute and relative needs B. absolute needs come from our sense of superiority C. relative needs alone lead to insatiable demands D. absolute needs are stronger than relative needs 【解析】 同学们要注意, 这个题考的不是作者的观点, 而是凯恩斯的观点。 在约翰· 梅纳德· 凯 恩斯看来, 人类对于奢华生活的相对需求才是造成过度消费的罪魁祸首。 这也是作者极力批
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驳他的地方。 73. What do we know about the couple in Paragraph 3? A. They want to show their superiority. B. They find specialty important to meals. C. Their demands for food are not easily satisfied. D. Their choice of dinner is related to ideas of quality. 【解析】夫妻的周年庆,确是两人婚姻里值得庆贺的事情。两人在这天选择用餐可能是与平 时不同,因为具有纪念意义。但“the thought of feeling superior to others probably never comes to them” ,想借此感受优越奢华生活的念头可能从来没有过。所以相对需求还是和平时生活 质量有关。B 选项仅停留于表面,非解释作者论证意图而得出的论点结论。 74. What does the underlined word “escalation” in Paragraph 4 probably mean? A. Understanding. B. Increase C. Difference D. Study 【解析】escalation 的意思是“扩大;增加” ,文章中表示“对生活质量需求的增加” 。 75.The author of the passage argues that ______. A. absolute needs have no limits B. demands for quality are not insatiable C. human desires influence ideas of quality D. relative needs decide most of our spending 【解析】按凯恩斯的观点,人类需求分为“绝对需求”和“相对需求”。从文章第一段可知 “He thought that although relative needs may indeed be insatiable (无止境的) , this is not true of absolute needs.”(词组be not true of…对?不适用、不符合?)凯恩斯认为相对需求是无止 境的。作者所做的就是辩驳他的论点,应是绝对需求无限,相对需求则和生活质量有关,是 可控的、有条件性的和有限的,故选A。

四、写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 以下标有题号的每一行均有一个错误,请找出,并按下列情况改正; 此行多一个词,把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜 线划掉。 此行缺一个词,在缺词处加一个漏字符号(^) ,在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。 此行错一个词,在错的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。 注意:请在答题卡上作答。 Dear Grandpa, How are you those days? I have been missing you very much after I went to college a year ago. Whenever I think of the old days, I feel very happily. I still remember when I was child, you always held me in your arms and told me stories till I fall asleep. We often went to the fields to enjoy the pleasant view there. You told me the name of different plants and their characteristics. Gradually, I became interesting in biology

76._________ 77._________ 78._________ 79._________ 80._________ 81._________ 82._________

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and chose to learn biology when I entered into the college. Now 83.________ my friend Ann, together with me, are going to do field study 84.________ and the findings will be use as materials for our research. Since 85.________ we’ll do the study in our hometown, I hope to see you by then. Yours, Daisy 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 某国际网站提供个人闲置物品交换服务。现在,你打算通过该网站将自己的一件闲置 物品与他人交换(exchange) 。请你用英文在该网站上发帖,发布物品交换信息。内容应包 括: · 你将拿出什么物品进行交换 · 具体介绍该物品 · 你希望换回什么物品 · 请愿意交换的朋友给你留言 注意: (1)词数 100 左右; (2)格式不限; (3)文中不得使用考生真实姓名和学校名称。

2012 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(重庆卷) 英语试题答案
一、听力 1. A 2. C 3. B 4. A 5. C 6. C 7. B 8. C 9. A

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10. A 11. B 12. B 13. C 14. B 15. C 16. B 17. A 18. Discussion/ discussion 19. Football/football 20. 10:30/Ten-thirty/ ten-thirty 二、英语知识运用 第一节 单项填空 21.B 22.B 23.A 24.D 25.C 26.A 27.B 28.A 29.D 30.C 31.A 32.B 33.C 34.D 35.A 第二节 完型填空 36.C 37.D 38.A 39.C 40.D 41.C 42.A 43.B 44.D 45.B 46.A 47.B 48.B 49.C 50.A 51.C 52.C 53.D 54.A 55.D 三、阅读理解 56.A 57.D 58.C 59.C 60.D 61.B 62.D 63.A 64.B 65.A 66.C 67.B 68.D 69.C 70.A 71.C 72.C 73.D 74.B 75. A 四、写作 第一节 短文改错 Dear Grandpa, How are you those days? I have been missing you very 76. these much after I went to college a year ago. Whenever I think of 77. since the old days, I feel very happily. I still remember when I 78. happy was child, you always held me in your arms and told me stories 79. a till I fall asleep. We often went to the fields to enjoy the pleasant 80. fell view there. You told me the name of different plants and their 81. names characteristies. Gradually, I became interesting in biology 82. interested and chose to learn biology when I entered into the college. Now 83. into my friend Ann, together with me, are going to do field study 84. is and the findings will be use as materials for our research. Since 85. used we’ll do the study in our homewown, I hope to see you by then. Yours, Daisy 第二节 书面表达 略

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