浦东新区 2015 学年度第一学期期末质量测试 高三英语
考生注意： 1．考试时间 120 分钟，试卷满分 150 分。 2．本考试设试卷和答题纸两部分。试卷分为第Ⅰ卷和第Ⅱ卷。所有答題必须涂（选择题）或 写（非选择题）在答题纸上，做在试卷上一律不得分。 3．答題前，务必在答題纸上填写准考证号和姓名。 第Ⅰ卷 （共 103 分） I. Listening Compreh
ension Section A Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. A. At a restaurant. B. In a pet shop. a boat. 2. A. The woman. B. The C. The man. D. The 3. A. Teacher and student. C. Husband and wife. D. 4. A. She will go to school in the man’s car. exercise class. C. She will give the man a ride. the school. 5. A. Make a plan carefully. B. C. Ask more people for advice. D. 6. A. He didn’t tell the woman the truth. promises. C. He spends his spare time going to parties. others. 7. A. The woman feels sorry for the man. B. C. The woman is asking the man to leave. only. 8. A. Relieved. B. Confused. Sympathetic. 9. A. Turn the alarm off. B. C. Catch a later bus. D. 10. A. The girl’s request will be granted. in the class. C. At a clinic. D. On
woman’s mother. children. B. Doctor and patient. Boss and secretary. B. She will join him in his D. She will ride her bicycle to Give her more information. Buy a gift for his father. B. He doesn ’ t keep his D. He is always ready to help The man is a member of the staff. D. The area is for passengers C. Annoyed. D.
Move his alarm farther. Go to bed earlier. B. The girl is outstanding
C. The girl has completed the course. make-up exam. Section B
D. Only the girl took the
Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. 11. A. Because she wasn’t being taken seriously. B. Because she deserved respect from others. C. Because she dressed improperly. D. Because she was not capable enough. 12. A. Answering questions readily. B. Rewarding others generously. C. Respecting others highly. D. Expressing opinions frankly. 13. A. How to speak your mind. B. Where to start your honesty. C. What to do to become popular. D. Whom to talk to when you want to. Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following news. 14. A. Because it can help avoid crop diseases. B. Because it can help improve the quality of crops. C. Because it may contribute to the increase in population. D. Because it may improve farming methods in the future. 15. A. Climate change. B. Appearance of new crops. C. Loss of normal growth area. D. Poor management of land. 16. A. Expanding fields for larger crop harvests. B. Fertilizing crops to fight against plant diseases. C. Raising people’s awareness of the need for crop variety. D. Applying modern farming methods in heavily-populated areas. Section C Directions: In Section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet. Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. Complete the form. Write ONE WORD for each answer. COMPLAINT FORM Name of customer: Room No.: Sally Lo 17
Complaint about: (Please tick the right boxes) Details of complaint:
?? service ? food ? 18 area service slow waiters 19 carpet 20
Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation. Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer. What is the article in the newspaper 21 may be allowed during the about? flight. Why does the man hate the idea? According to the man, when are people likely to come up with new ideas? How can people now communicate with those not on board? II. Grammar and Vocabulary Section A Directions: After reading the passages below, fill in the blanks to make the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank. （A） A dentist’s office may not be everyone’s idea of a perfect holiday destination. But a growing number of people are traveling abroad for medical treatment, (25) ______ (create) a fast-growing market that is still largely undeveloped by traditional tour operators. The global medical tourism market is worth $40 billion to $60 billion and (26) ______ (grow) at about 20 percent per year, according to Helmut Wachowiak, an expert on tourism management. Some countries such as Germany market themselves as a destination for medical tourism. According to the German National Tourist Board, about 77,000 foreign patients (27) ______ (treat) in the country in 2010, spending 930 million euros. (28) ______ Hospital Operator Helios can do is to help organize visas, hotels and sight-seeing trips for patients coming to Germany for treatment, mostly from Russian-speaking countries and the Middle East. ?Many patients specifically choose a city (29) _______ they can enjoy what the place has to offer alongside the treatment,? Helios manager Stefan Boeckle said. Some people travel abroad for medical treatment because it ’ s much (30) ______(cheap). A 42-year-old physical therapist from Berlin, for example, chose to go to a dentist in Budapest, (31) ______ (draw) by hundreds of euros in savings compared Because he enjoys the 22 . When they are alone without 23 . By 24 .
with the same treatment in Germany. The relatively new trend is not likely to stop growing anytime soon. ?I think booking numbers (32) ______ rise quickly in coming years,? said Claudia Staedele, a board member of German medical tourism company Dr. Holiday. ? There is still incredible room to grow.? (B) Remember that doll you had as a kid—the one whose eyes open when it is upright and close when it’s laid down? Or maybe you were the kid that went around popping limbs off Barbies and teddy bears. Either way, it turns out that these broken toys need not worry, (33)______ Sydney’ s Original Doll Hospital exists. And this year, it celebrates 100 years of (34)______ (fix) up dolls, teddy bears, rocking horses, umbrellas and more. The doll hospital was founded by Harold Chapman Sr. (35)______ part of his general store, thanks to a shipping error. His brother was in the business of importing celluloid ( 合成树脂 ) dolls from Japan but the rubber bands (36)_____ held them together would often break and the dolls would be destroyed. It was Mr. Chapman Sr. (37)______ came up with a way to repair them. And then from such a small beginning grew quite a successful business as demand for doll repairs increased. The business was taken over in (38)______ 1930s by Harold’s son, Harold Chapman Jr. (39)______ (expand) the business, Harold Chapman Jr. relocated the Doll Hospital and included repairs to other toys, leather goods, umbrellas, etc. Now the hospital has been passed onto the third generation of the Chapman family, with Harold Jr.’s son, Geoff, now in charge. (40)_____ many modern children are more interested in the latest gadgets(小玩意) or computer games, the business is still going strong, with dolls sent from all over Australia and even across the sea from New Zealand for repair.
Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. risky F. partially B. solution G. ruined C. adaptation H. inconvenience D. genetic I. occur E. restricted J. qualify
SEATTLE—For the more than 10 million Americans with colorblindness, there’s never been a treatment, let alone a cure, for the condition that leaves them unable to distinguish certain colors. Now, for the first time, two University of Washington professors have teamed with a California biotech firm to develop what they say may be a ___41___: a single shot in the eye that can reveal the world in full color. Jay and Maureen Neitz, who have studied the vision disorder for years, have found
a new way to deliver genes that can replace missing color-producing proteins in certain cells, called cones, in the eyes. The trouble will ___42___ when people are born without one or more of the three types of color-sensing proteins normally present in the cones of the retina（视网 膜） . The most common type is red-green colorblindness, followed by blue-yellow colorblindness. A very small proportion of the population is ___43___ colorblind, seeing only shades of gray. Colorblindness is often a/an ___44___ disorder. It affects mostly men, who can inherit a mutation(变异) on the X chromosome（染色体） that weakens their perception of red and green. A much smaller part of cases are in women, who have two X chromosomes, which gives them a better chance of avoiding effects of any genetic imperfection. Most people think of colorblindness as a/an ___45___ or disability, mainly causing problems with unmatched shirts and socks. But the Neitzes say the condition can have profound impacts—limiting choices for education or careers, making driving dangerous, and forcing continual ___46___ to a world designed for color vision. ?There are an awful lot of people who feel like their life is ___47___ because they don’t see color,? said Jay Neitz, 61, a professor, who confirmed in 1989 that dogs are colorblind, too. People may not ___48___ as commercial pilots, for instance, if they’ re colorblind. Other careers that can be ___49___ include those of chefs, decorators, electricians and house painters, all of which require detailed color vision. Undoubtedly, the Neitzes’ findings have brought great benefits to those who are born unable to distinguish between red and green. But that technique is ___50___, requiring surgery, so the Neitzes are looking for another way to do the job. III. Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passages there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. Many of us have found ourselves trying to explain to friends and colleagues, ?No, business travel isn’t as fun and fascinating as it seems.? Finally, there could be ___51___ to back this up. Researchers at the University of Surrey, in Britain, and Linnaeus University, in Sweden, have published a new study highlighting what they call ?a ___52___ side of hypermobility(常飞行)?. The study, which combines existing research on the ___53___ of frequent travel, finds three types of consequence: physiological, psychological and emotional, and social. The physiological ones are the most obvious. Jet lag is the suffering travellers know best, although they may not ___54___ some of its more terrible potential effects, like speeding ageing or increasing the risk of heart attack and stroke. Then there’s the danger of deep-vein thrombosis(深静脉血栓), ___55___ to germs and radiation. And finally, of course, business travellers tend to get less exercise and eat less healthily than people who stay in place.
The psychological and emotional damage of business travel is more abstract, but just as real. Frequent flyers experience ? travel disorientation ? from ___56___ places and time zones so often. They also ___57___ mounting stress, given that ?time spent travelling will rarely be balanced through a reduced workload, and that there may be anxieties ___58___ with work continuing to pile up while being away?. ___59___ the absence from family and friends, ? hypermobility is frequently a/an ___60___ experience,? the authors write. The accumulated impact can be astonishing and great. Finally, there are the ___61___ effects. Marriages suffer from the time apart, as does children’s behaviour. What is more, relationships tend to become more ___62___, as the partner who stays at home is forced to take on more ___63___ duties. There’ s a gender inequality here, since most business travellers are men. Friendships also suffer, as business travellers often ? sacrifice local collective activities and instead ___64___ their immediate families when returning from trips?. Of course, these impacts are moderated by the fact that they fall disproportionately on a small part of the population that is already doing rather well. The ?mobile elite(精英)? tend to have higher incomes and ___65___ to better health care than the population at large. So these may be problems of the 1% (or the 3%, or the 5%). But they’re real enough regardless. By all means feel jealous of acquaintances' Instagram photos of exotic meals and faraway attractions. But harbour a small amount of concern as well. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. travel brighter effects impose connection changing handle infected Due to surprising cultural unequal personal prioritize devotion B. proof wiser B. benefits B. foresee B. adaptation B. leaving B. relieve associated B. According to B. relaxing conscious invisible B. related B. mobilize B. objection C. damage D. C. darker D. C. limits C. declare D. C. exposure D. C. taking D. C. suffer C. greeted D. C. Regardless of C. fulfilling C. social D. C. pleasant C. professional D. C. seek C. response consequence lazier D. costs memorize familiarity pursuing D. lay packed D. In case of D. isolating negative D. permanent domestic D. support D. access
Section B Directions: Read the following passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (A)
In a class this past December, after I wrote some directions on the board for students about their final examination, one young woman quickly took a picture of the board using her smart phone. When I looked in her direction, she apologized, ?Sorry. Was it wrong to take a picture?? ?I can’t read my own handwriting,? the young woman explained. ?It’s best if I take a picture of your writing so I can understand the notes.? That remark started a class-wide conversation about taking a picture instead of taking notes. For those in the photo-taking camp, motivations extended beyond their inability to comprehend their own handwriting. Some took pictures of notes because they knew their phone was a safe place to store material. They might lose paper, they reasoned, but they wouldn’t lose their phones. Some took photos because they wanted to record exactly the manner in which I had noted information on the board. Others told me that during class they liked to be able to listen to the discussion attentively. Yet the use of cameras as note takers, though it may be convenient, does raise significant questions for the classroom. Is a picture an effective replacement for the process of note-taking? Instructors encourage students to take notes because the act of doing so is more than merely recording necessary information — it helps prepare the way for understanding. Encouraging students to take notes may be an old-fashioned instructional method, but just because a method has a long history doesn’t mean it’ s out of date. Writing things down engages a student’s brain in listening, visual, and kinesthetic(触觉的) learning—a view supported by a longstanding research. The act of writing down information enables a person to begin committing it to memory, and to process and combine it, establishing the building blocks of learning new concepts. Taking a picture does indeed record the information, but it deletes some of the necessary mental engagement that taking notes employs. So can the two be equally effective? 66. The woman apologized in the class because she_________. A. had the bad handwriting B. missed the teachers’ directions C. took a picture of the board D. disturbed other students’ learning 67. According to the passage, which of the following may NOT explain students ’ reluctance to take notes? A. They lack proper techniques for taking notes. B. They want to listen more attentively in class. C. They believe smart phones are much safer for storing notes. D. They want to have the exact version of the notes on the board. 68. According to the passage, taking notes by hand__________. A. requires students to think independently B. helps students actively participate in learning C. proves to be an old and useless learning method D. seems unsuitable for students to learn new ideas 69. What is the main idea of this passage?
A. B. C. D.
The traditional way of note-taking should be replaced. A modern way of note-taking is catching on. Note-taking by hand is not out of date. A picture is worth a thousand words. (B) Travelling Brochure
Travelling Information in Melbourne, Australia Tour Name: Phillip Island, Penguins, Koalas and Kangaroos Price: Starting from AUD $115 per person ? Tour Highlights ? Visit Warrook, a working cattle farm. Enjoy the opportunity to pat and feed kangaroos, wallabies and host of farm animals. ? Watch koalas in their natural habitat at the Koala Conservation Centre. ? View impressive coastal scenery at Nobbies. From the walkway, see Australia’ s largest population of fur seals living along the southern coastline. ? Visit the educational and interesting Phillip Island Visitors Information Centre. ? Viewing Platform Penguin Plus — More personalized wildlife viewing limited to 130 people providing closer viewing of the penguin arrival than the main viewing stand. ? Additional info ? This tour must be booked at least 24 hours in advance of your travel date. ? Confirmation for this product will be received within 24 hours, subject to availability. ? Please remember to bring warm, waterproof clothing on this tour. You may also wish to bring a towel or a rug to sit on at the Penguin Parade viewing platform. ? Pricing Policy ? Children aged between 3 and 14 years inclusive qualify for child rate. ? Kids aged 2 years and under travel free of charge, providing they don’t occupy a coach seat. Phillip Island, Penguins, Koalas and Kangaroos Season Tour Code Tour only Tour including Viewing Platform Penguin Plus ? Days of Week Mon…Sun Mon…Sun Adult $115.00 $140.00 Per person Child $58.00 $83.00 Aug 1, 2012 to Mar 31, 2013
Travel Voucher (凭据) Please download Travel Voucher from this website. For every confirmed booking you will be required to print a voucher which is presented at the destination. You will receive a link to your voucher by email once your booking is confirmed.
70. The visitors will go to all the following places EXCEPT ______. A. Warrook Cattle farm. B. Australian Eastern coastline. C. Koala Conservation Centre. D. Phillip Island Visitors Information Centre. 71. Which of the following groups needs to pay $58 per person? A. Adult tourists. B. 2-year-old kids. C. Kids between 3 and 14. D. Babies in arms. 72. Tourists are reminded to bring a towel or a rug because _____. A. they will lie on the coast B. they may want to sit on the platform C. it makes them warm D. they will swim during the tour (C)
The family does not feature heavily in the culture of the Ik of Northern Uganda. In fact, as far as the Ik are concerned, the family means very little. This is because the Ik face a daily struggle to survive in the face of drought, famine and starvation. Anyone who cannot take care of himself or herself is regarded as a useless burden by the Ik and a threat to the survival of the others. So the old are abandoned to die. Sick and disabled children too are abandoned. The Ik attitude is that, as long as you keep the breeding group alive, you can always get more children. Ik mothers throw their children out of the village compound when they are 3 years old, to defend for themselves. I imagine children must be rather relieved to be thrown out, for in the process of being cared for, he or she is reluctantly carried about in a hide sling(背婴儿带) wherever the mother goes. Whenever the mother is in her field, she loosens the sling and lets the baby to the ground none too slowly, and laughs if it is hurt. Then she goes about her business, leaving the child there, almost hoping that some fierce animals will come along and carry it off. This sometimes happens. Such behaviour does not endear children to their parents or parents to their children.
Many of you probably reacted to the Ik with some horror and shock. It is very tempting to conclude that these people are primitive, savage and inhuman, and that their concept of the ‘family’ is deeply wrong. However, sociologists argue that it is wrong to simply judge such societies and their family arrangements as unnatural and untypical. We need to understand that such arrangements may have positive functions. In the case of the Ik, with the exceptional circumstances they find themselves in—drought and famine—their family arrangements help ensure the survival of the tribe. Moreover, some of you may have concluded that British family life and the Ik have some things in common. British family is not universally experienced as positive for all family members. For some members of our own society— for young and old alike —family life may be characterized by violence, abuse and isolation. The problem with studying the family is that we all think we are experts. This is not surprising, considering that most of us are born in families and socialized into family roles and responsibilities. It is an institution most of us feel very comfortable with and regard as ‘natural’. For many of us, it is a cornerstone of
our social world, a place to which we can retreat and take refuge from the stresses of the outside world. It is the place in which we are loved for who we are, rather than what we are. Family living and family events are probably the most important aspects of our lives. It is no wonder that we tend to hold very fierce, emotional, and perhaps irrational, views about family life and how it ought to be organized. Such ‘taken for granted’ views make it very difficult for us to objectively examine family arrangements that differ from our own experience — such as those of the Ik —without making critical judgements. 73. Which of the following ideas do the Ik hold according to the passage? A. The family is the centre of their life. B. The old are the luxuries they should treasure. C. Their children should be abandoned when born. D. The survival of the tribe is what they should strive for. 74. Which of the following will the author probably agree with in the case of Ik? A. The children are a great burden to their family. B. Mothers prefer to carry their children here and there. C. The children enjoy warm relationship with their parents. D. Many children should be left at the mercy of fierce animals in the field. 75. According to the author, both British family life and that of the Ik ______. A. contain negative elements B. ensure longevity C. experience ups and downs D. endear family members 76. All of the following statements support ?family is the cornerstone? EXCEPT that ______. A. we turn to family as our harbour in heart B. we find we love and are loved in the family C. we believe family is the top priority in our life D. we pour our bad mood upon our family members 77. The author writes this passage to tell us ______. A. family life has various positive functions B. the idea of family is universally accepted C. the family is evolving with the time at a high speed D. we should examine the concept of family objectively Section C Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words. The carmaker is in the pioneer of a materials revolution, which is powered by a growing understanding of the properties of substances at the smallest scale. In roughly five years from now, scientists will have set out what some call the ?materials genome?—a database with the properties of all known and predicted compounds. Instead of searching for
materials that have the right qualities for a job—a quest(探索) that has usually depended mostly on trial and error—researchers will first define what they want, and their computers will then develop a list of materials that seem to fit the bill. The new science will improve today’s materials, too, leading to stronger steels, new kinds of alloy and hybrid materials(合金和混合材料) that may be part metal, part plastic. On the far horizon are bigger breakthroughs still: batteries that would double the range of electric cars or store solar and wind power, transforming the economics of renewable energy. As well as revolutionising products, these new materials could also revolutionise how they are made. There will always be room for the mass production of some low-value, commodity items. But as a rule, when materials are different, manufacturing processes will be different, too. BMW’s carbon fibre is made to its own specifications in a series of new joint ventures across the world. However, some of the products could be domestically made in their new factories. Airbus, Boeing, GE and a growing number of other firms are already 3D-printing some parts where they need them. Nike’s Flyknit trainers are made with knitting machines that use a special micro-engineered thread. As a result, the firm no longer needs to send the job like sewing to factories overseas. The world has got used to the idea that the most important innovation is virtual. The technology representatives of Silicon Valley—such as Google and Facebook—have built their businesses on intangibles(无形的), such as software, data and new business models. By contrast, the world of new materials marries the virtual and the physical. It, too, depends on code, because researchers need powerful computer-design systems to model materials and make them into new designs. But eventually the aim is to turn virtual ideas into matter. Some advances are overlooked. These ones are material. (Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN NINE WORDS.) 78. What is the driving force of the materials revolution according to the first paragraph? 79. New materials will revolutionise not only products but also ____________________. 80. Instead of contracting overseas, Nike is able to ____________________ with its special knitting machines and materials available. 81. In contrast to Internet companies which build business on intangibles, new materials companies aim at _____________________________.
第 II 卷（共 47 分） I. Translation Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. 1. 你养成每天听英语新闻的习惯了吗？(develop) 2. 我认为在做出最终决定前，我们有必要和父母讨论一下这个问题。(it)
3. 由于对该公司开发的软件一无所知，他最终未能通过面试。 （ignorant） 4. 照片的展出非常成功，一个月后约翰就辞职做了专职摄影师, 实现了他的梦想。(So...) 5. 与往届会议不同的是，本次会议各国并无明显分歧，新的协议有望达成。 （expect）
II. Guided Writing Directions: Write an English composition in 120 — 150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese.
请以?Misunderstanding?为主题写一篇短文，内容包括： 1． 简要描述右图内容 2． 结合生活谈谈你的感想
录音文字 I. Listening Comprehension Section A Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. W: May I make a recommendation, Sir? Our seafood with this special sauce is very good. M: Thank you, but my doctor suggested that I shouldn’t eat any seafood recently. Q: Where does this conversation most probably take place? 2. W: We can either take our children with us to the cinema or to my mother’s house. M: Well, I’ll leave it up to you. Q: Who will make the final decision? 3. M: How are you getting on with the schedules? W: I’ve almost finished them, Mr. White. I just have one or two more notes to type. Have you anything else for me to do? Q: What’s the probable relationship between the two speakers? 4. M: I will drive to the school today; do you want to go with me? W: Thanks, but you may cycle with me. I believe exercise will do you good. Q: What will the woman probably do? 5. M: My father’s birthday is round the corner and I’m looking for a gift for him. Any suggestions? W: Well, you have to tell me something about your father. Also, how much do you plan to spend? Q: What does the woman want the man to do? 6. W: John said he would come to help with the preparation for the party when he had time. M: He often says he is willing to help, but he never turns up. Q: What does the man imply about John? 7. W: Excuse me, sir. You are not supposed to be here. This area is reserved for airport staff only. M: I’m sorry. I didn’t notice the sign. Q: What can be learned from the conversation? 8. W: Tom，I wish you would keep the radio switched off. I am struggling on the paper for tomorrow. M: I have told you repeatedly never to leave your work till the last minute. Q: How does the man feel? 9. M: I missed the bus again today, because I turned the alarm clock off in my sleep. I didn’t know what to do. W: Try putting it far enough away from your bed so that you have to get out to
turn it off. Q: What does the woman suggest the man do? 10. W: Sir, may I take a make-up exam for my math? Otherwise, I won’t be able to complete the course. M: All the make-up exams were held last week, but your situation is quite exceptional. Q: What can be concluded from the conversation? Section B Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. If you are going to be a straight talker, you have to believe that it’s a virtue. If you have an opinion and you just state it, it allows the other person to either try to change your opinion, or to agree with you. If you are quiet, people think you agree. How can you then further the conversation when you have different opinions and they are not really exposed? Agreeing is easy. Disagreeing takes more courage. Several years back, when I was CEO at Autodesk, there was a very senior-level woman who was very smart and well-spoken, but she did not wear appropriate clothes. It was distracting and she was not being taken seriously. I said to her manager, who was male, ?You need to tell her.? He said, ?Oh, no way.? So I called her in and frankly stated what I thought was happening. I told her, ?You’ re not getting the respect you deserve.? I said, ?Go and get a personal shopper. Just say, ‘I’m a senior businessperson and need help dressing appropriately’ ?. She came back, and honest to God, it was a different person. She said she felt really good. And her promotion went way up. Early in my business career, if people asked me a question, I’d try to answer it honestly. And that was rewarded. I had managers who wanted me around because I would actually tell them what was happening. Questions: 11. Why did the speaker have a talk with the senior-level woman? 12. What made the speaker popular with the managers? 13. What is the passage mainly about? Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following news. Agricultural experts say crop variety is important to feed the increasing population of our planet. They say having a large variety of plants also helps to protect against possible crop diseases and future crises. Hundreds of thousands of different plants now exist. But many experts say the number has decreased sharply during the past century.
One of the world's largest seed conservation projects has predicted further losses. Experts warn that up to one hundred thousand plant species could permanently disappear. The rich collection of genes that decide their qualities would disappear with them. Many experts blame climate change and loss of normal growth area for damaging plant life. They say human activities and poorly planned, overly heavy use of land also are responsible. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization says modern business farming is responsible for loss of farmers' traditional crop varieties. The "Green Revolution" of the twentieth century changed agriculture. Some experts say the use of modern commercial farming methods saved millions of people from starvation. Farmers planted, watered, and fertilized their crops with the help of machines. They treated their fields with chemicals to control insects and diseases. Harvests grew larger and higher quality, but another result was that some traditional crops were lost. A not-for-profit group based in USA was established in 1975 to save and share high quality seeds. It also works to educate people about the need for genetic variety. Questions: 14. Why is crop variety important? 15. Which of the following is not the cause of the damage to plant life? 16. Besides saving seeds, what action is being taken to prevent the loss of crop variety? Section C Directions: In Section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet. Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. M: Hello, this is Jack Morgan, the restaurant manager. W: Hello, my name is Sally Lo and I'd like to make a complaint. M: OK. Excuse me, how do you spell your name? W: It's spelt S-A-L-L-Y, L-O. M: OK. Could I have your room number as well? W: Sure. My room number is one-zero-eight-eight. M: What would you like to make a complaint about, Ms Lo? W: I want to complain about the service in your restaurant. I also want to complain about the dining area—it was very dirty. M: OK. You want to complain about the service and the dining area. Could you give me more details, please? W: Yes, the service was very slow and the waiters were extremely rude. M: OK. Let me write those comments under "Details of complaint". "Service slow" and "waiters rude". Now you mentioned something about the dining area as well. What was the problem there?
W: Well, the carpet in your restaurant is a disgrace. It is damaged and very smelly. M: Oh dear. Let me write that down as well. "Carpet damaged and smelly"—I'm very sorry. Really I am. I 'll talk to the waiters and the cleaners right away. I'll get back to you very soon. W: Thank you. Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation. W: Hey George, take a look at this article in the newspaper. It says several major airlines are considering allowing people to use their cell phones while in the air. M: Oh no, really? That's one of the worst ideas I've ever heard. W: Oh? Why do you feel that way? M: Well, I fly for business quite frequently and a plane is now one of the last places where I don't have to hear people chatting on cell phones. I really enjoy the peace and quiet. W: But it would be so convenient if we were able to make calls during long flights. Just think of how much work we could get done! M: Well, I think being connected to the world 24 hours a day, 365 days a year isn't healthy. We sometimes need to be alone in order to think. Many famous people discovered important things when they were alone with nothing disturbing them...you know the story about Isaac Newton, right? W: Yes. He came up with the theory of gravity while sitting in a field and watching an apple fall from a tree. M: He probably wouldn't have had time to think about gravity if he was talking on his cell phone. Anyway, I really hope they don't allow cell phones on planes. We need a few last places without cell phones! W: All right, I can accept that. And besides, many airlines now allow you to use your laptop during the flight...if you really need to communicate, you can send an e-mail.
参考答案 I. Section A 1—5 AADDB Section B 11—13 CDA
6—10 BCCBA 14—16 ABC
Section C 17. 1088 18. dining 19. rude 20. damaged 21. Using cell phones 22. peace and quiet 23. being disturbance 24. sending (an) e-mail
II. Section A 25. creating 26. is growing/grows 27. were treated 29. where 30. cheaper 31. drawn may/might/can/could 33. because/as/since/for 34. fixing 35. as 37. that / who 38. the 39. To expand Although/While/Though Section B 41. B 42. I 49. E 50. A III. Section A 51—55 BCABC Section B 66—69 CABC
28. What 32. 36. that / which 40.
56—60 ACBAD 61—65 CADAD
Section C 78. Understanding the properties of substances at the smallest scale. 79. how the products are made 80. make products domestically/at home 81. turning virtual ideas into matter/marrying/combining the virtual and the physical 第 II 卷 I. Translation 1．Have you developed a /the habit of listening to English news every day? 2．I think it (is) necessary for us to discuss this problem with our parents before we make a final decision. 3．Because he was ignorant of the software developed by the company, he finally failed in the interview/failed to pass the interview. 4. So successful was the exhibition of the photos that a month later John quit(quitted) his job/resigned and became a professional photographer, realizing his dream/making his dream come true. 5. Different from the previous meetings/conferences, there are not any/no obvious differences/disagreements among/between the countries at this meeting/conference, and a new agreement is expected to be reached/arrived at.