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甘肃省兰州一中2013-2014学年高二上学期期末考试英语试题(加答案)

时间:2014-01-25


2013-2014 兰州一中上半学期高二期末英语试题 单项选择 1. –What do you need in dinner? –I need . A. a knife and a fork B. a knife and fork C. the knife and fork D. the knife and the fork 2. The watch unnoticed for

several days before I found it. A. had laid B. had lain C. had been laying D. had been laid 3. It is two years I joined the army. A. before B. since C. after D. that 4. –Excuse me, I want to have my watch fixed, but I can’t fine a repair shop. –I know nearby. Come on, I’ll show you. A. one B. it C. some D. that 5. Everyone knows that is dangerous to play with fire, but is difficult is to prevent children from playing with fire. A. it, it B. what, what C. it, what D. what, it 6. Why! I have nothing to confess. you want me to say? A. What is it that B. What it is that C. how is it that D. how it is that 7. Whom would you rather have with you, him or me? A. to be gone B. gone C. going D. go 8. My work , I went home. A. had been done B. done C. having done D. to be done 9. The 1ook on his face suggested that he had passed the exam. A. exciting B. tired C. tiring D. excited 10. in a book, she had her bag stolen with her keys in it. A. Absorbed B. Being absorbed C. Having absorbed D. To be absorbed 11. I appreciated the opportunity to study abroad two years ago. A. having been given B. having given C. to have been given D. to have given 12. the plan many times, but he still didn’t understand. A. Having told him B. Having been told him C. Though he had been told D. He was told 13. I was so familiar with him that I recognized his voice I picked up the phone. A. while B. after C. in case D. the moment 14. it rain tomorrow, we would have to put off the visit to the YangPu Bridge. A. Were B. Should C. Would D. Will 15. I suggested the person to be put into prison. A. refers B. referring C. referred D. refer 16. We took a taxi to the airport. Otherwise we late. A. would be B. were C. will be D would have been 17. What the customers from the company is that the goods right to their homes. A. requested, deliver B. demand, be delivered C. request, should deliver D. demand, delivered 18. Our success was largely the good cooperation of all team members. A. because B. result from C. due to D. thanks to 19. I the book that I wanted in a second-hand book store. A. came up B. came across C. came out D. came about 20. –How would you like your coffee? . A. It’s well done B. The stronger, the better C. One cup. That’s enough D. Very nice. Thank you. 二、完形填空 If you have ever been discouraged because of failure, please read on. For often, 21 what you set out to do is not the 22 thing. Let me explain. Two brothers decided to dig a deep hole behind their house. As they were working, a couple of older boys stopped 23 to watch. “What are you doing?” asked one of the 24. “We plan to dig a hole all the way through the earth!” one of the brothers volunteered 25 . The older boys began to 26, telling the younger ones that digging a hole all the way through the earth was 27.
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After a long silence, one of the diggers 28 up a jar full of spiders, worms and a wide variety of insects. He 29 the lid and showed the wonderful contents to the scoffing visitors. Then he said quietly and confidently, “Even if we don’t dig all the way through the earth, look what we found 30!” Their 31 goal was far too ambitious, but it did cause them to dig. And that is what a goal is 32 —to cause us to move in the direction we have chosen ; in other words, to 33 us to dig! 34 not every goal will be fully achieved. Not every job will 35 successfully. Not every relationship will endure(持久). Not every hope will come to pass. Not every love will 36 . Not every endeavor(努 力) will be completed. Not every dream will be realized. But when you 37 your aim, perhaps you can say, “Yes, but look at what I found along the way! Look at the wonderful things which have come into my 38 because I tried to do 39!” It is in the digging that life is lived. And I believed it is the joy in the 40, in the end, that truly matters. 21.A.finishing B.completing C.remembering D.achieving 22.A.necessary B.important C.valuable D.correct 23.A.by B.away C.outside D.off 24.A.villagers B.people C.visitors D.students 25.A.calmly B.excitedly C.surprising D.cold 26.A.laugh B.smile C.cry D.scream 27.A.probable B.possible C.impossible D.incredible 28.A.got B.raised C.carried D.picked 29.A.removed B.broke C.knocked D.strike 30.A.all the way B.along the way C.in the way D.on the way 31.A.work B.labor C.task D.goal 32.A.in B.on C.for D.about 33.A.make B.set C.let D.put 34.A.And B.However C.But D.Besides 35.A.end B.complete C.finish D.work 36.A.continue B.remain C.stay D.last 37.A.make up of B.make use of C.catch hold of D.fall short of 38.A.dream B.expectation C.life D.imagination 39.A.everything B.something C.anything D.nothing 40.A.journey B.beginning C.result D.middle 阅读理解 A In the United States, friendships can be close, constant, intense, generous and real, yet fade away in a short time if situations change. In the United States, friendships can be close, constant, intense, generous, and real, yet fade away in a short time if things change. Neither side feels hurt by this. Both may exchange Christmas greeting for a year or two, perhaps a few letters for a while--- then no more. If the same two people meet again by chance, even years later, they pick up the friendship where it’s left off and are delighted. In the States, you can feel free to visit people’s homes, share their holidays, enjoy their children and their lives without fear that you are taking on a lasting obligation (义务). Do not hesitate to accept hospitality (款待) because you cannot give it in return. No one will expect you to do so for they know you are far from home. Americans will enjoy welcoming you and be pleased if you accept their hospitality easily. Once you arrive there, the welcome will be full and warm and real. Most visitors find themselves easily invited into many homes there. In some countries it is considered inhospitable to entertain at home, offering what is felt as “merely” home cooked food, not “doing something” for your guest. It is felt that restaurant entertaining shows more respect and welcome. Or for various other reasons, such as crowded space, language difficulties, or family custom, outsiders are not invited into homes. In the United States, both methods are used, but it is often considered more friendly to invite a person to one’s home than to go to a public place, except in pure business relationships. So, if your host or hostess brings you home, do not feel that you are being shown inferior (差的) treatment.
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Don’t feel neglected if you do not find flowers awaiting you in your hotel room either. Flowers are very expensive there, hotel delivery is uncertain, arrival times are delayed, changed, or canceled –so flowers are not customarily sent as a welcoming touch. Please do not feel unwanted! Outward signs vary in different lands; the inward welcome is what matters ,and this will be real. 41.In the United States, you will find friendships_____ if circumstances change. A. die suddenly B. pass away C. disappear gradually D. last forever 42. Americans____ their foreign friends to make a return for their hospitality. A. ask B. wish C. never allow D. don’t except 43. In some other countries, giving a dinner party at home is considered_____ than in a restaurant. A. less friendly B. less hospitable C. more natural D. more popular 44. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true? A. Flowers are available at all time. B. Flowers are expensive. C. Flowers are signs of outward welcome. D. Flowers are not necessarily sent to guests. B The girl looking for the job turned out to be excellent but she ended up giving her employer a headache when it also turned out that she used an unreal diploma (文凭). In December, a Civil Administration Bureau in the city of Wuhan , Hubei Province, announced that it needed five new staff members. Some 120 people applied and took the exam. Applicants were required to show proof of a college degree at least. Mei Jing beat everyone, in the test and the interview. When a follow-up check was done, however, her education certificate was discovered to be an unreal one. This was a bit of an embarrassment for the employers. A dilemma, one might say. If she were hired because of her excellent performance, she still wouldn’t have the qualifications on paper. But, if she were dropped because she didn’t meet the education requirements, they would lose a good worker. Tough problem. While Mei’s future hangs in the balance, the public having learned of the case, got involved. Some people said the bureau should employ her, since results are the only important thing. “After all, ability is more important than a diploma,” said one office worker. Others, however , have attacked Mei’s dishonesty. They said that morality (道德) was, after all, more important than talent, especially in the case of a government position . Mei wasn’t honest, so she shouldn’t be hired. Case closed. But, Shen Ronghua, the head of the Shanghai Public Administration and Human resources Institute, tries to be a bit more philosophical. “There is still a sort of ‘diploma means this’ prejudice (偏见)among people,” Shen explains , “Many employers regard a diploma as the only sign of ability and talent.” So, with this in mind, people may pay little attention to whether someone has real ability or not. They turn to chasing a diploma instead. The unreal diploma is the natural product of this thought. The conclusion? “China needs a new human resource system. The new system will not define a person only by his or her diploma,” Shen says. 45.What can we infer from this news report? A.The Civil Administration Bureau of Wuhan employed the girl. B.The girl was not employed because of dishonesty. C.It remained to be seen whether the girl was to be employed or not. D.Another Human Resource Institute employed the girl. 46.What does Shen Ronghua mean by saying “diploma means this” ? A.A diploma can tell whether a person is honest or not. B.A diploma is the only sign of ability and talent. C.A diploma is what you get after you finish a course. D.A diploma means a job. 47.Which statement is NOT true according to the news report ? A.It seemed that the reporter agrees with Shen Ronghua’s opinion. B.If you want to get the job, you have to meet a certain education
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requirement. C.Most people held the view that morality was the most important thing. D.One official said that something should be done to change the human resource system. 48.Which of the following do you think is the best title of this news report ? A.A Girl’s Unlucky Experience B.Unreal Diploma C.Dishonesty Has Been Attacked D.Can A Diploma Be All There Is C There are various ways in which individual economic units can interact with one another. Three basic ways may be described as the market system, the administered system, and the traditional system. In a market system individual economic units are free to interact among each other in the marketplace. It is possible to buy commodities from other economic units or sell commodities to them. In a market, transactions may take place via barter or money exchange. In a barter economy, real goods such as automobiles, shoes, and pizzas are traded against each other. Obviously, finding somebody who wants to trade my old car in exchange for a sailboat may not always be an easy task. Hence, the introduction of money as a medium of exchange eases transactions considerably. In the modern market economy, goods and services are bought or sold for money. An alternative to the market system is administrative control by some agency over all transactions. This agency will issue commands as to how much of each good and service should be produced, exchanged, and consumed by each economic unit. Central planning may be one way of administering such an economy. The central plan, drawn up by the government, shows the amounts of each commodity produced by the various firms and allocated to different households for consumption. This is an example of complete planning of production, consumption, and exchange for the whole economy. In a traditional society, production and consumption patterns are governed by tradition; every person’s place within the economic system is fixed by parentage, religion, and custom. Transactions take place on the basis of tradition, too. People belonging to a certain group or caste(阶级) may have an obligation to care for other persons, provide them with food and shelter, care for their health, and provide for their education. Clearly, in a system where every decision is made on the basis of tradition alone, progress may be difficult to achieve. An inactive society may result. 49. The underlined word “barter” means . A. to buy and sell goods in the market B. to exchange for other goods rather than for money C. that goods and services are bought or sold for money D. that goods exchange is obviously to be seen rd 50. From the 3 paragraph, we can see who has the greatest degree of control in an administrative system? A. Small businesses B. Major corporations C. The government D. The general managers 51. Which of the following is NOT mentioned by the author as a standard for determining a person’s place in a traditional society? A. Age B. Religious belief C. Custom D. Social position 52. This article most probably is a(n) . A. introduction B. fiction C. report D. advertisement D By Alisha, Florida When I sit down in class , I often wonder why my teachers choose such a job .Don’t get me wrong : if it weren’t for teachers I wouldn’t be as smart as I am . But tell me: After you go to school fourteen years, will you choose to be a teacher? After I see how students treat their teacher by disrespecting them in all types of ways, why would I want to have that job? It’s not like I would take that junk from them. Do you think they become teachers to have the freedom that they didn’t have in school? Or do they really want you to learn something? ——If they do, why do they scream at you when you make a mistake, or talk? We all are not perfect, so if you don’t get a lesson they teach, why do they say you haven’t been listening? It is not all teachers that act like that. But to the ones that do, I’d like to shout at them: DON’T TEACH! By Alice,Tennessee
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Look, ever since I was 2, I want to be like Julia Roberts. And I do what I can to make it happen. I try out for as many plays as I can. I get in some and some I do not get in. It is all hard work. I think try hard and you will succeed in whatever you want! By Desiry, Florida When I grow up I want to be a successful Lawyer, who will do a nice job by making people happy. I think that I will be good at this job because I have a loud mouth and I can tell very easily when someone is lying. By Kelley, California I think I want to be a pediatrician because I love kids and I like helping people. I don’t know if that’s what I’ll do, but I might. I hope to be a pediatrician so I can help kids. By Alexandra, California I would like to be a biologist. The job of a biologist is almost like a scientist. The thing that these two jobs have in common is that they both have to do something with science. My favorite subject might not be science but for sure I would like to be a 53.Julia Roberts is probably . A.a famous lawyer B.a biologist and scientist C.a successful teacher D.a movie star 54.What does the underlined work “ Junk” mean in the sentence “It’s not like I would take that junk from them”? A.Things that you do not want or like. B.Old or broken things. C.Job like teaching at school. D.Knowledge or anything learnt . 55.Which of the following statements is NOT true? A.In Alisha’s opinion, some students don’t respect their teachers. B.Desiry holds the view that a lawyer will bring happiness to people. C.Alexandra wants to be a biologist because she likes science most of all. D.A pediatrician has to do something related to children. E Competitors who wear red win more than those that are dressed in any other color, according to study in Germany. 56 Experts believe that red could make individuals and teams feel more confident as well as being perceived by others as more aggressive. 57 On the other hand, the results could suggest that the success of those teams has given those that wear the red color more confident. The study, by German sports psychologists at the University of Munster, was reported in New Scientist magazine. They showed video recording of taekwondo matches to 42 experienced referees. One fighter wore blue and the other wore red. They then showed them the same recordings but digitally manipulated the clothing to exchange the colors. 58 “If one competitor is strong and the other is weak, it won’t change the outcome of the fight,” said Norbert Hagemann, who led the study. “ 59 ” In 2004 scientists at Durham University also looked at how color influenced sporting competitiveness. They analyzed Olympic contest sports such as boxing, taekwondo, and freestyle wrestling and found that nearly 55% of which were won by the competitor in red. “60”said Robert Burton, one of the researchers. A. It is the color of fire and is often associated with energy, danger, strength, power, and determination. B. The fighters wearing red were given an average of 13 percent more points than when they wore blue. C. The study shows that football shirts from worldwide teams such as Arsenal, Liverpool, sell successfully. D. It is reasonable that wearing red makes individuals feel more confident, although this hasn’t yet been tested. E. Researchers found that those who wear red tops, jackets or clothing score 10 percent more in any
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competition than if they were in another color. F. The findings could explain why Manchester United, Liverpool and Arsenal have been so successful. G. But the closer the levels, the easier it is for the color to tip the scale. 61. They (任命)him as their representative 62. Large (量)of good clothes are being sold in the supermarket on National Day. 63. Our library has (订阅)to 1,000 journals for all the teachers and students. 64. He felt very (尴尬的)when his neighbors asked him where he worked, for he hadn’t found a job yet. 65. In my (判断), we should make an apology to them. 66. Floods, droughts, windstorms, earthquakes, typhoons, volcanic (喷发)and forest fires are all natural disasters. 67. I got into a (惊慌)when I sound the door was locked. 68. A child who can remember 3000 English words at the age of 3 would be called an unusual (现象) 69. Some (青少年)have got into the habit of taking drugs. 70. The door opened (自动地)as we approached. 短文改错 Once a man got on a bus for New York. He hid in toilet, because he did not want to pay. But a passenger saw her. She tapped the person in front of her on the shoulder and say, "There's a bum(流浪汉) in the toilet. Tell the bus driver." The message was past from person to person. But anywhere along the way, it changed. The bus driver was told that there was a bomb in the toilet. He immediate stopped the bus and telephoned the police. When the police came in, they told the passengers to get off the bus or stay far away. Then they closed the highway. This soon caused a 15-miles-long traffic jam. Under the help of a dog, the police searched for two hours. Of course they found no bomb! 书面表达: 假如你是健康杂志 Health Care 的一名编辑 Mr. Bond, 刚刚收到一位中学生的来信,请你根据来信内容写一封 回信,作文开头已给出,来信如下: Dear editor: I am a high school student. Because of the pressure from my studies, I began to smoke half a year ago and became addicted to cigarettes. I know it’s far from good, and try hard to break the habit. But it’s tough to make it. As a result, I often feel upset and sometimes even in pain. Would you be so kind as to give me some help? Looking forward to your reply.

Dear Tim, I’m sorry you have had so much trouble ________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________。

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答案加解析

2013-2014 兰州一中上半学期高二期末英语试题(加答案) 单项选择 1. –What do you need in dinner? –I need . A. a knife and a fork B. a knife and fork C. the knife and fork D. the knife and the fork 2. The watch unnoticed for several days before I found it. A. had laid B. had lain C. had been laying D. had been laid 3. It is two years I joined the army. A. before B. since C. after D. that 4. –Excuse me, I want to have my watch fixed, but I can’t fine a repair shop. –I know nearby. Come on, I’ll show you. A. one B. it C. some D. that 5. Everyone knows that is dangerous to play with fire, but is difficult is to prevent children from playing with fire. A. it, it B. what, what C. it, what D. what, it 6. Why! I have nothing to confess. you want me to say? A. What is it that B. What it is that C. how is it that D. how it is that 7. Whom would you rather have with you, him or me? A. to be gone B. gone C. going D. go 8. My work , I went home. A. had been done B. done C. having done D. to be done 9. The 1ook on his face suggested that he had passed the exam. A. exciting B. tired C. tiring D. excited 10. in a book, she had her bag stolen with her keys in it. A. Absorbed B. Being absorbed C. Having absorbed D. To be absorbed 11. I appreciated the opportunity to study abroad two years ago. A. having been given B. having given C. to have been given D. to have given 12. the plan many times, but he still didn’t understand. A. Having told him B. Having been told him C. Though he had been told D. He was told 13. I was so familiar with him that I recognized his voice I picked up the phone. A. while B. after C. in case D. the moment 14. it rain tomorrow, we would have to put off the visit to the YangPu Bridge. A. Were B. Should C. Would D. Will 15. I suggested the person to be put into prison. A. refers B. referring C. referred D. refer 16. We took a taxi to the airport. Otherwise we late. A. would be B. were C. will be D would have been 17. What the customers from the company is that the goods right to their homes. A. requested, deliver B. demand, be delivered C. request, should deliver D. demand, delivered 18. Our success was largely the good cooperation of all team members. A. because B. result from C. due to D. thanks to 19. I the book that I wanted in a second-hand book store. A. came up B. came across C. came out D. came about 20. –How would you like your coffee? . A. It’s well done B. The stronger, the better C. One cup. That’s enough D. Very nice. Thank you. 二、完形填空 If you have ever been discouraged because of failure, please read on. For often, 21achieving what you set out to do is not the 22 important thing. Let me explain. Two brothers decided to dig a deep hole behind their house. As they were working, a couple of older boys stopped 23 by to watch. “What are you doing?” asked one of the 24 visitors.
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“We plan to dig a hole all the way through the earth!” one of the brothers volunteered 25 excitedly . The older boys began to 26, telling the younger ones that digging a hole all the way through the earth was 27impossibe . After a long silence, one of the diggers 28 pick up a jar full of spiders, worms and a wide variety of insects. He 29 removed the lid and showed the wonderful contents to the scoffing visitors. Then he said quietly and confidently, “Even if we don’t dig all the way through the earth, look what we found 30 along the way!” Their 31 goal was far too ambitious, but it did cause them to dig. And that is what a goal is 32 for—to cause us to move in the direction we have chosen; in other words, to 33 set us to dig! 34 But not every goal will be fully achieved. Not every job will 35 end successfully. Not every relationship will endure(持久). Not every hope will come to pass. Not every love will 36 last. Not every endeavor(努力) will be completed. Not every dream will be realized. But when you 37 fall short of your aim, perhaps you can say, “Yes, but look at what I found along the way! Look at the wonderful things which have come into my 38 life because I tried to do 39 something!” It is in the digging that life is lived. And I believed it is the joy in the 40journey, in the end, that truly matters. 21.A.finishing B.completing C.remembering D.achieving 22.A.necessary B.important C.valuable D.correct 23.A.by B.away C.outside D.off 24.A.villagers B.people C.visitors D.students 25.A.calmly B.excitedly C.surprising D.cold 26.A.laugh B.smile C.cry D.scream 27.A.probable B.possible C.impossible D.incredible 28.A.got B.raised C.carried D.picked 29.A.removed B.broke C.knocked D.strike 30.A.all the way B.along the way C.in the way D.on the way 31.A.work B.labor C.task D.goal 32.A.in B.on C.for D.about 33.A.make B.set C.let D.put 34.A.And B.However C.But D.Besides 35.A.end B.complete C.finish D.work 36.A.continue B.remain C.stay D.last 37.A.make up of B.make use of C.catch hold of D.fall short of 38.A.dream B.expectation C.life D.imagination 39.A.everything B.something C.anything D.nothing 40.A.journey B.beginning C.result D.middle 阅读理解 A In the United States, friendships can be close, constant, intense, generous and real, yet fade away in a short time if situations change. In the United States, friendships can be close, constant, intense, generous, and real, yet fade away in a short time if things change. Neither side feels hurt by this. Both may exchange Christmas greeting for a year or two, perhaps a few letters for a while--- then no more. If the same two people meet again by chance, even years later, they pick up the friendship where it’s left off and are delighted. 在美国,人们可以有亲密,持续,强烈,慷慨和真实的友谊。但是随着情况变化,这个友谊可以很快淡化消失。 双方都不会觉得被伤害。他们可能会有一两年交换圣诞卡,或者过一阵写几封信,然后就没有下文了。如果这两 个人以后有机会再见面,即使过了很多年,他们又会很高兴地重续旧情。 In the States, you can feel free to visit people’s homes, share their holidays, enjoy their children and their lives without fear that you are taking on a lasting obligation (义务). Do not hesitate to accept hospitality (款待) because you cannot give it in return. No one will expect you to do so for they know you are far from home. Americans will enjoy welcoming you and be pleased if you accept their hospitality easily. 在美国,你尽可以去别人家,共渡假日,享受他们的孩子和生活,而不用担心将来的义务。不要因为不知如何回 报而不敢接收别人的款待。没有人指望回报,因为他们知道你远离家乡。美国人会很高兴接待你,而且 很高兴
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你爽快接收邀请。你到他们那里时,你会受到全心全意的欢迎。大多数来访者很容易受到许多家庭的邀请。在有 些国家,如果在家里接待客人,“只”提供家常食品而没有其他娱乐节目,会被认为不够热情。人们会认为在饭 店招待更能表达尊重和欢迎。也许他们不邀请外人到家里,因为家里太挤,语言不通,或者家里的传统使然。 在美国,两者皆可。但是通常除了纯粹生意上的来往外,邀请别人到家里比去公共场合更显得友好。所以,如果 你的主人带你回家,不要觉得他们给你二等待遇。 Once you arrive there, the welcome will be full and warm and real. Most visitors find themselves easily invited into many homes there. In some countries it is considered inhospitable to entertain at home, offering what is felt as “merely” home cooked food, not “doing something” for your guest. It is felt that restaurant entertaining shows more respect and welcome. Or for various other reasons, such as crowded space, language difficulties, or family custom, outsiders are not invited into homes. In the United States, both methods are used, but it is often considered more friendly to invite a person to one’s home than to go to a public place, except in pure business relationships. So, if your host or hostess brings you home, do not feel that you are being shown inferior (差的) treatment. Don’t feel neglected if you do not find flowers awaiting you in your hotel room either. Flowers are very expensive there, hotel delivery is uncertain, arrival times are delayed, changed, or canceled –so flowers are not customarily sent as a welcoming touch. Please do not feel unwanted! Outward signs vary in different lands; the inward welcome is what matters ,and this will be real. 如果你的旅馆房间没有预备鲜花,也不要觉得被冷落。鲜花在美国很贵。旅馆投递常常不可靠。客人行程常常改 变或取消。所以旅馆通常不以鲜花来欢迎客人。请不要感到不受欢迎!在不同国度,外在的做法可能不同。但是 内心的欢迎是更重要的。而在美国,你得到的欢迎会是真诚的。 41.In the United States, you will find friendships_____ if circumstances change. A. die suddenly B. pass away C. disappear gradually D. last forever 42. Americans____ their foreign friends to make a return for their hospitality. A. ask B. wish C. never allow D. don’t except 43. In some other countries, giving a dinner party at home is considered_____ than in a restaurant. A. less friendly B. less hospitable C. more natural D. more popular 44. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true? A. Flowers are available at all time. B. Flowers are expensive. C. Flowers are signs of outward welcome. D. Flowers are not necessarily sent to guests. B The girl looking for the job turned out to be excellent but she ended up giving her employer a headache when it also turned out that she used an unreal diploma (文凭). In December, a Civil Administration Bureau in the city of Wuhan , Hubei Province, announced that it needed five new staff members. Some 120 people applied and took the exam. Applicants were required to show proof of a college degree at least. Mei Jing beat everyone, in the test and the interview. When a follow-up check was done, however, her education certificate was discovered to be an unreal one. This was a bit of an embarrassment for the employers. A dilemma, one might say. If she were hired because of her excellent performance, she still wouldn’t have the qualifications on paper. But, if she were dropped because she didn’t meet the education requirements, they would lose a good worker. Tough problem. While Mei’s future hangs in the balance, the public having learned of the case, got involved. Some people said the bureau should employ her, since results are the only important thing. “After all, ability is more important than a diploma,” said one office worker. Others, however , have attacked Mei’s dishonesty. They said that morality (道德) was, after all, more important than talent, especially in the case of a government position . Mei wasn’t honest, so she shouldn’t be hired. Case closed.
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But, Shen Ronghua, the head of the Shanghai Public Administration and Human resources Institute, tries to be a bit more philosophical. “There is still a sort of ‘diploma means this’ prejudice (偏见)among people,” Shen explains , “Many employers regard a diploma as the only sign of ability and talent.” So, with this in mind, people may pay little attention to whether someone has real ability or not. They turn to chasing a diploma instead. The unreal diploma is the natural product of this thought. The conclusion? “China needs a new human resource system. The new system will not define a person only by his or her diploma,” Shen says. 45.What can we infer from this news report? A.The Civil Administration Bureau of Wuhan employed the girl. B.The girl was not employed because of dishonesty. C.It remained to be seen whether the girl was to be employed or not. D.Another Human Resource Institute employed the girl. 46.What does Shen Ronghua mean by saying “diploma means this” ? A.A diploma can tell whether a person is honest or not. B.A diploma is the only sign of ability and talent. C.A diploma is what you get after you finish a course. D.A diploma means a job. 47.Which statement is NOT true according to the news report ? A.It seemed that the reporter agrees with Shen Ronghua’s opinion. B.If you want to get the job, you have to meet a certain education requirement. C.Most people held the view that morality was the most important thing. D.One official said that something should be done to change the human resource system. 48.Which of the following do you think is the best title of this news report ? A.A Girl’s Unlucky Experience B.Unreal Diploma C.Dishonesty Has Been Attacked D.Can A Diploma Be All There Is C There are various ways in which individual economic units can interact with one another. Three basic ways may be described as the market system, the administered system, and the traditional system. In a market system individual economic units are free to interact among each other in the marketplace. It is possible to buy commodities from other economic units or sell commodities to them. In a market, transactions may take place via barter or money exchange. In a barter economy, real goods such as automobiles, shoes, and pizzas are traded against each other. Obviously, finding somebody who wants to trade my old car in exchange for a sailboat may not always be an easy task. Hence, the introduction of money as a medium of exchange eases transactions considerably. In the modern market economy, goods and services are bought or sold for money. An alternative to the market system is administrative control by some agency over all transactions. This agency will issue commands as to how much of each good and service should be produced, exchanged, and consumed by each economic unit. Central planning may be one way of administering such an economy. The central plan, drawn up by the government, shows the amounts of each commodity produced by the various firms and allocated to different households for consumption. This is an example of complete planning of production, consumption, and exchange for the whole economy. In a traditional society, production and consumption patterns are governed by tradition; every person’s place within the economic system is fixed by parentage, religion, and custom. Transactions take place on the basis of tradition, too. People belonging to a certain group or caste(阶级) may have an obligation to care for other persons, provide them with food and shelter, care for their health, and provide for their education. Clearly, in a system where every decision is made on the basis of tradition alone, progress may be difficult to achieve. An inactive society may result. 49. The underlined word “barter” means . A. to buy and sell goods in the market B. to exchange for other goods rather than for money C. that goods and services are bought or sold for money D. that goods exchange is obviously to be seen rd 50. From the 3 paragraph, we can see who has the greatest degree of control in an administrative system?
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A. Small businesses B. Major corporations C. The government D. The general managers 51. Which of the following is NOT mentioned by the author as a standard for determining a person’s place in a traditional society? A. Age B. Religious belief C. Custom D. Social position 52. This article most probably is a(n) . A. introduction B. fiction C. report D. advertisement D By Alisha, Florida When I sit down in class , I often wonder why my teachers choose such a job .Don’t get me wrong : if it weren’t for teachers I wouldn’t be as smart as I am . But tell me: After you go to school fourteen years, will you choose to be a teacher? 到艾莉莎,佛罗里达州 当我坐在堂课下来,我常常想我的老师为什么选择这样的职业,不要误会我的意思:如果它不为教师,我也不会 为我的聪明。但告诉我:你上学后十四年,你会选择成为一名教师? After I see how students treat their teacher by disrespecting them in all types of ways, why would I want to have that job? It’s not like I would take that junk from them. Do you think they become teachers to have the freedom that they didn’t have in school? Or do they really want you to learn something? ——If they do, why do they scream at you when you make a mistake, or talk? We all are not perfect, so if you don’t get a lesson they teach, why do they say you haven’t been listening? It is not all teachers that act like that. But to the ones that do, I’d like to shout at them: DON’T TEACH! 当我看到学生如何对待他们的老师, 不尊重他们在所有类型的方式, 为什么我会希望有工作吗?这不是像我想借 此从他们的垃圾。 你认为他们成为有自由, 他们没有在学校的教师吗?或者他们真的希望你能学到东西吗? - 如 果他们这样做, 为什么他们尖叫, 你当你犯了一个错误, 或交谈?我们都是不完美, 所以如果你没有得到的教训, 他们教的,为什么他们说,你没有在听?它是不是所有的老师认为,这样的行为。但做的,我想喊他们:不教! By Alice,Tennessee Look, ever since I was 2, I want to be like Julia Roberts. And I do what I can to make it happen. I try out for as many plays as I can. I get in some and some I do not get in. It is all hard work. I think try hard and you will succeed in whatever you want! 到翘,田纳西州 你看,自从我是 2,我想成为像朱莉娅罗伯茨。而我做我能做到这一点。我尝试很多次,我可以作为。我得到部 分和一些我不进去,这是所有辛勤工作。我想努力,无论你想你一定会成功! By Desiry, Florida When I grow up I want to be a successful Lawyer, who will do a nice job by making people happy. I think that I will be good at this job because I have a loud mouth and I can tell very easily when someone is lying. 到 Desiry,佛罗里达州 当我长大了我要成为一个成功的律师,谁做了很好的工作,使人民幸福。我认为我会在这个工作好,因为我有一 个响亮的嘴巴很容易,我可以告诉某人在说谎时。 By Kelley, California I think I want to be a pediatrician because I love kids and I like helping people. I don’t know if that’s what I’ll do, but I might. I hope to be a pediatrician so I can help kids. 到凯利,加州 我认为我想成为一名儿科医生,因为我爱孩子,我喜欢帮助人。我不知道这是我会做什么,但我可能会。我希望 成为一名儿科医生,这样我就可以帮助孩子们。 By Alexandra, California I would like to be a biologist. The job of a biologist is almost like a scientist. The thing that these two jobs have in common is that they both have to do something with science. My favorite subject might not be science but for sure I would like to be a
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到亚历山德拉 加州 我想成为一名生物学家。一名生物学家的工作几乎是一样的科学家。的东西,这两个职位的共同点是,它们都具 有与科学的东西。我最喜欢的科目可能不是科学,但是可以肯定的,我想成为一名生物学家。 53.Julia Roberts is probably . A.a famous lawyer B.a biologist and scientist C.a successful teacher D.a movie star 54.What does the underlined work “ Junk” mean in the sentence “It’s not like I would take that junk from them”? A.Things that you do not want or like. B.Old or broken things. C.Job like teaching at school. D.Knowledge or anything learnt. 55.Which of the following statements is NOT true? A.In Alisha’s opinion, some students don’t respect their teachers. B.Desiry holds the view that a lawyer will bring happiness to people. C.Alexandra wants to be a biologist because she likes science most of all. D.A pediatrician has to do something related to children. E Competitors who wear red win more than those that are dressed in any other color, according to study in Germany. 56 Experts believe that red could make individuals and teams feel more confident as well as being perceived by others as more aggressive. 57 On the other hand, the results could suggest that the success of those teams has given those that wear the red color more confident. The study, by German sports psychologists at the University of Munster, was reported in New Scientist magazine. They showed video recording of taekwondo matches to 42 experienced referees. One fighter wore blue and the other wore red. They then showed them the same recordings but digitally manipulated the clothing to exchange the colors. 58 “If one competitor is strong and the other is weak, it won’t change the outcome of the fight,” said Norbert Hagemann, who led the study. “ 59 ” In 2004 scientists at Durham University also looked at how color influenced sporting competitiveness. They analyzed Olympic contest sports such as boxing, taekwondo, and freestyle wrestling and found that nearly 55% of which were won by the competitor in red. “60”said Robert Burton, one of the researchers. A. It is the color of fire and is often associated with energy, danger, strength, power, and determination. B. The fighters wearing red were given an average of 13 percent more points than when they wore blue. C. The study shows that football shirts from worldwide teams such as Arsenal, Liverpool, sell successfully. D. It is reasonable that wearing red makes individuals feel more confident, although this hasn’t yet been tested. E. Researchers found that those who wear red tops, jackets or clothing score 10 percent more in any competition than if they were in another color. F. The findings could explain why Manchester United, Liverpool and Arsenal have been so successful. G. But the closer the levels, the easier it is for the color to tip the scale. Keys: E F B G D 61. They (任命)him as their representative. appointed 62. Large (量)of good clothes are being sold in the supermarket on National Day. qualities 63. Our library has (订阅)to 1,000 journals for all the teachers and students. Subscripted 64. He felt very (尴尬的)when his neighbors asked him where he worked, for he hadn’t found a job yet. Embarrassed 65. In my (判断), we should make an apology to them. Judgment 66. Floods, droughts, windstorms, earthquakes, typhoons, volcanic (喷发)and forest fires are all
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natural disasters. Eruption 67. I got into a (惊慌)when I sound the door was locked. panic 68. A child who can remember 3000 English words at the age of 3 would be called an unusual (现 象)phenomenon 69. Some (青少年)have got into the habit of taking drugs. adolescent 70. The door opened (自动地)as we approached. automatically 短文改错 Once a man got on a bus for New York. He hid in toilet, because he did not want to pay. But a passenger saw her. She tapped the person in front of her on the shoulder and say, "There's a bum(流浪汉) in the toilet. Tell the bus driver." The message was past from person to person. But anywhere along the way, it changed. The bus driver was told that there was a bomb in the toilet. He immediate stopped the bus and telephoned the police. When the police came in, they told the passengers to get off the bus or stay far away. Then they closed the highway. This soon caused a 15-miles-long traffic jam. Under the help of a dog, the police searched for two hours. Of course they found no bomb! 1. in → in the 2. her → him 3. say → said 4. past → passed 5. anywhere → somewhere 6. immediate → immediately 7.去掉 in 8. or → and 9. miles → mile 10. Under → with 书面表达: 假如你是健康杂志 Health Care 的一名编辑 Mr. Bond, 刚刚收到一位中学生的来信,请你根据来信内容写一封 回信,作文开头已给出,来信如下: Dear editor: I am a high school student. Because of the pressure from my studies, I began to smoke half a year ago and became addicted to cigarettes. I know it’s far from good, and try hard to break the habit. But it’s tough to make it. As a result, I often feel upset and sometimes even in pain. Would you be so kind as to give me some help? Looking forward to your reply.

Dear Tim, I’m sorry you have had so much trouble trying to stop smoking, but I am glad you are still trying. I hope the tips below will help you. First of all, be determined and don’t give up. The more often you try, the more likely you are to eventually succeed. Second, it’s helpful to make a plan to quit. Fix a date and do it step by step. It is a good idea to do something else such as listening to music, do some walking, drinking some water, etc. Never reach for a cigarette. Besides it’s necessary to relax. If you feel stressed, take some relaxation exercises. Relax by breathing deeply. Yet there is no quick and easy way of quitting smoking. It’s normal to feel sick during the first few days. So, It needs your great efforts and determination. Keep up the good work until you succeed eventually. Good luck and best wishes! Bond

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