Unit One 必会习语

22. regard ...as...; treat...as; think of...as; consider...as/to be 23. be loyal to; be faithful to;be devoted to 忠诚于 24. be quick in mind and action 思维敏捷行动迅速 INTEGRA

TING SKILLS 25. have fun; enjoy oneself; have a wonderful time 26. drop me a line 给某人写短信 WORKBOOK 27.keep…in mind 把…记住 learn...by heart; remember + 主语 28.in error / by mistake 由于错误或疏忽 29.tie up (one’s hair) 扎起来 do up 30.run into 偶然遇见; 遭遇;与...相撞 come across; meet by chance; happen to meet 31.be proud of 以…而感骄傲 take pride in 32.run a restaurant 开餐馆 start a restaurant run a business 做生意 33.skip classes 逃课 33.keep an eye on 照顾; 注视;stare at 盯着看 34.make fun of 取笑某人; laugh at 35. It is possible (for sb) to do; It is possible/probable/likely that... Sb. + is (most) likely to do sth. Sth. + is probable 36.be curious about 对…感到好奇 be curious that... have the curiosity about 37. have problems with 在... 有问题 38. even if you are thousand miles apart 即使你们分别在几 千英里 39. despite = in spite of 尽管;不管 regardless of

1.What is sb. like? What does sb. look like? What does sb. like? How does sb like/find sth? 2. argue with sb. about sth 因…和某人争执 3. enjoy/hate sth/ doing sth 4. so / nor/ neither + 系动/助动/情动 So it is with...; It is the same with... 5. be into 对…深感兴趣 =be interested in; have/show interest in 5. be fond of 喜欢 care for; like; enjoy; 6. surf the internet 上网冲浪 7. all the time 一直 总是 8. imagine that...; imagine (sb/sb’s) doing sth imagine sb to be 想像某人是 CHUCK’S FRIEND 7. cast away 抛弃 8. so…that…/such…that… 如此…以致… He was so excited that he could not speak. So excited was he that he could not speak. It was such a lovely day that we decided to go outing. It was so lovely a day that we decided to go outing. It is amusing that such little birds eat so much food. 9. the Pacific Ocean; the Atlantic Ocean; the Indian Ocean; the arctic Ocean; 10. survive the crash 在空难中幸存 11. a deserted island 荒岛 12. all alone 独自 = all by oneself 区别: alone 单独的;独自的 lonely 孤独的;寂寞的 13. hunt for 搜寻 寻找 search for; 12.make fire 生火 13.in order to 为了 so as to; in order that; so that 14.even though/even if 即使,纵然 as if / as though 15.treat…as/like… 把…当作 regard...as...; think of...as 16.share sth. with sb. 与…分享 share (in) sth 分享 17.care about/for 关心,照顾,喜欢 care to do sth 愿意做;care for sb to do sth 愿意某人做 care + 从句 愿意;介意 18.should have done 本来应该 =ought to have done 19.make friends with 与…交朋友 20.such as 例如 for example;for instance WORD STUDY & GRAMMAR 21. keep...as a pet 1

Unit 2 必会习语

Warming up 1. for the first time 第一次;首先 at first; first of all 2. have a good flight (坐飞机)旅途愉快 3. all the way 一路 4. at all (否定:根本; 疑问:到底; 条件:竟然) 别客气 above all 首先;首要的 after all 毕竟; in all 总共 5. make oneself at home 不拘束, 6. There you are. 你来了。 Here you are. 给你。

ENGLISH AROUND THE WORLD 7. all around the world 世界各地 throughout the world 8. the majority of 大多数的 the minority of 9. in total; in all; altogether 总共

10. the number of …的数量 a number of 一些; 许多

(large; small 谓语动词单数) 要不是

22.at the same time 同时 =meanwhile 23. end up with 以...(形式)告终 begin/start with end in failure 以失败而告终 24. more or less 或多或少 25. have difficulty/trouble in doing sth 做某事有困难

11. except for 除了..之外; .

except 除了...都; besides 除了...还;except +从句 except (除去)指在整体中除去行为未发生者 (不包括 在内) except for (除了有…之外)指在一个整体中除去其中某个 或某些因素,前后两个名词性质不同。 except that (除去;除掉) 后接从句,还有 except when, except what; except where 等 besides (除了…还) 包括在整体之内 but (除了...之外) 和 except 同义,与否定词或疑问词连用 11. communicate with sb. 与..交流,联络 . 12. have a good knowledge of 对..很熟悉; . GRAMMAR 祈使句间接引语 Ask sb (not) to do sth 请某人做/不做某事 Tell sb (not) to do sth 让某人不做某事 Order sb (not) to do sth 命令某人做/不做某事 13. help sb. with sth 在某方面帮助某人 help sb do sth; help do sth; 帮助 assist sb with sth; assist sb to do sth; assist in doing sth. 协助某人做... 14. stand still 站着不动; stay still; lie still 15. leave the door open 让门一直开着 leave the light on 让灯一直亮着 leave sb doing sth 留置/听任...保持...(做某事)的状态 leave... done 留置/听任...保持...(被...)的状态 16. turn down /up the radio turn up 出现 turn down 拒绝 turn off / on 关掉/打开 turn in 上缴; turn out 结果是;被证明是 17. stay up 熬夜; 不睡觉 把收音机声音关小/开大 通晓

26. a great many; many a; a great number of (可数) a great many factories 区分 a great many of the factories a great deal of; a large amount of; (不可数) a large quantity of; large quantities of; plenty of; lots of 27. bring in 带来; 引进 bring out 出版;生产;揭露 bring about 引起;导致 bring up 抚养;培养

WORKBOOK 29. shut up 闭嘴 30.pass away 去世 31.promise sb to do sth 答应某人做某事 promise that... make a promise 32.make a decision 做出决定=decide 33. marry sb; 与某人结婚 get married to sb be married to sb 34. at least 至少 at most 最多 35. a little bit 区分:a little; a bit; a bit of; not a bit ; not a little 36. chat on line 网上聊天 37. stay in touch =keep in touch with sb.= keep track of 保持联系 get in touch with; 取得联系 lose touch with 失去联系 38. because of 区分 because thanks to 多亏了 as a result of 由于...的结果 due to 由于,因为 owing to 由于;因为 39. not only... but also.. (用于句首时,前句倒装) Not only did Xiaohua learn a lot of English from her Canadian teacher, she also became very interested in Canada.

Integrating skills 18. come about 发生;happen; take place; break out 19. There is no quick answer to this question. 20. in the same way 用同样的方式 in different ways 不同 in this way 这样 in no way 决不 in the way 挡道;妨碍 out of the way 不挡道 in a way 在某种程度上;在某一点上 on the way 在路上;即将发生 by the way 顺便说/问一下; by way of 经由;经过 21. stay the same = remain the same. 保持不变 2

(前句倒,后句不倒) Not only the students but also the teacher doesn’t understand this sentence. (并列主语,不倒装,谓语就近一致) 40. as many as; as much as 和...一样多 as many books as as much money as His son is as naughty a boy as he used to be when he was young. 41. in the name of 以....的名义

Unit 3 必会习语

16. be careful (not) to do sth 小心(不)做某事 WARMING UP & SPEAKING 1. consider ...( as/to be)... 认为...是 consider sb to have done 认为某人做过某事 consider it +n./adj. for sb to do sth consider doing sth 考虑要做某事 consider +疑问词 + to do sth 考虑... consider that 从句 认为;考虑 in consideration of 报答;由于 take ...into consideration 顾及,考虑到 under consideration 在考虑中,在研究中 2. means of transportation/transport 交通方式 Every possible means has been tried, but none worked. All possible means have been tried, ... by all means 不惜一切 =in all ways by this means 用这种方法 =in this way by no means 决不; 一点也不=in no way by means of 通过, 借助于 = by 3. in time 及时;早晚;总有一天 travel in time 在时空中旅 行 on time 准时 in no time 马上;立刻 at that time 那时 at times 有时 for the time being 暂时的 4. prefer sth / to do sth / sb to do sth 更喜欢;较喜欢 prefer doing A to doing B 宁愿做某事 prefer A to B; 喜欢 A 胜于 B = like A better than B prefer to do A rather than do B 宁愿做 A 而不愿做 B 5. in space 在太空 in outer space 在外部空间 GRAMMAR 现在进行时表示将来的计划,打算 How are you getting to the airport? 一般现在时表示时刻表的将来 My plane leaves at seven this evening. 21. go on separate holidays 分别去度假 22. in a few days’ time = in a few days =a few days later 几 天后 after 和 in 的区分 23. go off to ; be off to 动身去 leave for; 24. see sb off 给某人送行 meet sb 接某人 25. take a taxi to 乘出租车 go to ...by taxi 26. have a nice / pleasant trip/journey 祝旅途愉快 27. say “Hi” to sb. for me 代我向某人问好 give my regards to sb remember me to sb. ADVENTURE TRAVEL 6. get away (from) 摆脱; 离开 break away from 脱离 get rid of 去除 7. more and more 越来越… 8. instead of 代替; 而不是 (区分:instead)rather than 9. try doing 试验做 try to do sth 努力去做;试图作 manage to do sth = succeed in doing sth 设法做到了某事 attempt to do sth; make an attempt to do sth 企图做某事 10. get close to 靠近; 接近 11. experience life 体验生活 experience C.n 经历 U.n.经 验 12. take exercise 进行锻炼 have sports; do sport exercise C.n 练习题 (pl) 体操 U.n 锻炼 13. go for a hike = go hiking 去徒步旅行 14. watch out (for...) 留神; 提防 15. protect… from/against … 保护…免受… 3 INTEGRATING SKILLS 33. combine…with… 把…和…结合起来 (为了共同目的 合并) connect...with/to... 把...和...连接起来 (通过媒介物连接) link...with/to 28. The same to you. 我也祝愿你。 对比: It’s the same with... ...也一样 It’s all the same to sb 对某人而言是一样的。 I have the same pencil bag as yours/ you have. 29. in the past 在过去 in the old days 30. at present 目前; at the present time; nowadays 31. in the future 在未来;将来 in future 以后 32. used to do sth 过去常做某事 be used to do sth 被用来做 be used for (doing) sth be used to sth/doing sth 习惯于 get used to doing be careful about 注意 be careful with 小心; 17. as with ....也一样 as to / for 至于;关于 18. think about 考虑 think of 想到,想起 think over 仔细考虑 think out 想出 19. go rafting 去漂流 20. unless = if not 除非...否则... You should not go rafting unless you know how to swim.(条 件) 区分:until You must not get off the bus until it has stopped.(时间)

join...to... (直接连接) 34. on (the) one hand… , on the other hand … 一方面…, 另一方面.. 35. so that = in order that 为了…; 以便… 36. learn about 了解; 学习有关…知识 37. as well as =and 也; 又;以及 as well = too 38. by doing sth... 通过作某事 by means of doing 39. make money 挣钱; 赚钱 earn money 40. the four of you 你们四个人 four of you 你们其中的四个人 41. prepare ( sth) for... 为…做准备... get ready for prepare sb for sth 使某人为某事做好准备 be well prepared (for); 为...做好了充分的准备=be ready for make preparations for 为...做准备 42. make notes 做笔记 take notes WORKBOOK 43. take off (飞机)起飞;脱掉(衣帽鞋) 44. go on holiday 去度假 go to (a place) for a holiday INTEGRATING SKILLS 45. fill…with… 给…充满… be filled with; be full of 充满 了 46. the way (in which/that) + 定语从句 the/a way of doing sth = the/a way to do sth 做某事的方法 47. catch up with 赶上 keep up with 跟上;不落后 48. reach out (for sth) 伸手去(拿,碰) 49. pay attention to 注意 focus one’s attention on call /draw/attract one’s attention to 吸引某人的注意力于

5. create a dialogue = make up a dialogue 编对话 6. play tennis 打网球 7. for fun = as a joke 开玩笑的;不是认真的;为了取乐的 8. I hope so. I hope not. 9. shout /call for help 呼救 10. go on (a) holiday 去度假 go to...for a holiday on holiday 在度假 11. on fire 着火 catch fire 着火;set fire to=set...on fire 纵 火 make fire 生火 12. I’m afraid of +n. 害怕 I’m afraid that... 担心 I’m afraid to do sth 不敢做某事 I’m afraid of doing sth 害怕做某事 I’m afraid so. 恐怕是这样 I’m afraid not. 恐怕不会。

THE RESCUE 13. a natural disaster 自然灾害 14. hear/see sb. doing sth 听见/看见某人正在做某事 hear/ see sb do sth 听见/看见某人做过某事 (五看二听一感觉) 15. look around 环顾; 四处看 16. advance towards 朝…前进 17. before +从句 还没来得及... 18. be upon 逼近; 临近 19. sweep sb down 把...冲到了 20. drag 拖拉(重物)(比较艰难缓慢,有阻力) ; drag oneself along 拖着沉重的步子走 pull 拉;扯 (应用范围比较广) pull a tooth 拔牙 pull the door open 拉开门 pull at 拉扯 pull up 拉起来;拉上来 draw 拉(比较从容、平稳不费力) draw one’s attention 吸引注意;draw a conclusion 得出结 论 draw back 后退 draw money from bank 从银行取钱 draw near 就要来临;逼近 21. get on one’s feet (艰难的)站起来 get up; stand up

WRITING 50. give away 赠送, 放弃, 泄漏(机密) give up 放弃 give in (to sb) 屈服 give out 分发;发出(光,热,气,味等) give off 发出(光,热,气,味等) 51. come up with 提出;想到(主意) ;

Unit 4 必会习语 WARMING UP & LISTENING & SPEAKING 1. talk about 谈论; 议论 talk with sb; talk of 提到 2. host the 2008 Olympic Games 举办 2000 年奥运会 3. take place = come about; happen 发生 4. be caught in (a rain; a traffic jam; the earthquake) 偶然遇上(雨,交通堵塞,地震等) 4

22. hold on to 抓住 23. pull up 拉起来; 拉上来 24. against the wall 倚着墙 25. fight for 为…而战 struggle for 为…而斗争 26. look into 往…里面看; 浏览; 调查 look into one’s eyes 注视着某人 stare at; fix one’s eyes on; look sb in the mirror 照镜子

look sb up and down 上下打量某人 20. with a look of fright 害怕的; 恐惧的 21. around the corner 即将来临,on its way; draw near; in store 22. cut down 砍倒;削减 cut up 切碎 cut off 切断 cut in 插嘴;加塞 cut out 删除;剪下来 cut away 剪掉 23. three meters deep 三米深 three metres in depth a three-meter-deep hole = a hole of three meters deep 24. sweep away (风) 吹走; (浪) 卷走; sweep down 吹倒; 席卷; 冲倒 25. work out 计算出;想出(办法) ;制定(计划) ; work at 从事;致力于 work on 继续工作;从事于 26. refer to 指的是; 谈到;提到;查阅 WORD STUDY & GRAMMAR 定语从句:限制性定语从句,非限制性定语从句 27. strike, 普通用词, “打一下; 打几下”, 不一定有意; “敲 钟”。 hit,“击中,打,对准”,着重敲打或打击对方的某 一点 beat,连续的打击; 如殴打或体罚等;游戏竞赛战争中击 败 knock 敲;打 ;撞击 27. advance the deadline 提前最后期限; 28.pull at/on 拉一下 29. seize an opportunity/chance 抓 住 机 会 =

34. A +动词/be + ten times larger than+B 比…大十倍 A +动词/be +ten times as large as+B 是…的十倍 A +动词/be +ten times the size of+B 是…的十倍 (number/amount/height/length/depth/width/age)

Unit 5 必会习语 SPEAKING 1. while still a student = while she was still a student 还是个 学生的时候(状语从句的省略现象) (you) Don’t talk while (you are) eating. When (he was) asked how he gained first place, he suddenly became cheerful. The boys will go out to play football whenever (it is) possible. I won’t go to his birthday party unless (I am) invited. 2. play/act a role 扮演角色 play the role of... play a part/role in... 在...中起作用 3. after graduating/graduation (from...) 毕业以后 4. work as an actress 做演员 5. during/in the 1980s 二十世纪八十年代 6. win a prize 获奖 win a game/a battle/honour beat/defeat sb 打败某人 win sb. 把某人争取过来 7. get married (to sb); 结婚(瞬间)=marry sb. be married (to sb) 结婚(延续) 7. in the beginning = at first 开始的时候 反义;in the end = at last; finally; eventually 最后 8. make money 赚钱 earn money

grasp/take/grab... chance 可能性 U.n. & C.n There is a chance/no chance of sb doing sth that 从句 The chances /chances are that... 可能... by chance 偶然 30. (区分:pay; cost; spend; take) sb pay money for sth sth cost sb money sb spend money on sth; sb spend time/money in doing sth It takes sb time to do sth 31. in town 在城里 in the country(side) 在乡下 go to town 进城 go to the country(side) 下乡 INTEGRATING SKILLS 32.take a photo of sb / sb doing sth 给…照相 33. in a second = in a very shore time 34. a two-day trip 一次两天的旅行 35. the next morning 第二天早上 WORKBOOK 36. on the morning of April 18th, 1906 37. as a result of 由于…的结果 as a consequence of 5

GETTING TO KNOW STEVEN SPIELBERG 9. make a film /blockbuster/follow-ups 拍电影/巨片/ 续集 10. The reason……is that….. 原因是… This is because... 这是因为... for this reason ; for some reason; for some reasons the reason for +n./doing sth the reason why/ for which... 定语从句 reason 与 cause 的区别 cause of the fire/accident 11. work on 从事于; 制作 12. take off 起飞;脱掉;很快上升; 开始流行/畅销 13. by the sea 在海边; by sea 乘船; in the sea 在海里 on the sea 在海面上 at sea 在海上;航海中;茫然 14. be afraid to do sth 不敢作某事

be afraid of doing sth 害怕做某事 be afraid that 担心;恐怕 15. come from outer space 来自外部空间 16. cut/tear…into pieces 把…切/撕成碎片 cut/tear ... into halves 把...切/撕成两半 17. do research (in/into...) 搞研究 18. go wrong 出错;出故障;走错道 do a little wrong 19. in the end 最后;终于 at the end of 在…末尾/尽头 by the end of 到…末为止 19. meat-eating dinosaurs 食肉恐龙 20. owe sth to sb. = owe sb sth 把…归功于; 感谢; (债) 欠 WORD STUDY & GRAMMAR 21. can’t help doing sth 情不自禁, 忍不住做某事 can’t help do sth 不能帮忙做某事 22. pass the exam 考试及格 fail (in) the exam 考试不及格 NOT ONE LESS 23. a thirteen-year-old girl 十三岁小姑娘 a girl of thirteen years old; a girl of thirteen years of age; a girl aged thirteen 24. stay/be away for a month 离开一个月 25. take one’s place; take the place of 代替 26. lock …up 把…锁起来 27. run after 追赶; 追求; 追捕 be after 28. escape (from)... 从...逃离 escape from / flee (from) /run away from a country escape doing sth ; escape being caught 没有被抓住 catch sb doing sth; be caught doing sth 29. run away from school 逃学 skip classes 30. determine to do sth;make up one’s mind;decide be determined to do sth 决意/ 决心做某事 31. go to town 进城 in town 在城里 go to the country in the country 32. on the air 正在广播; 播送 =be broadcast go on the air 开始广播 go off the air 停止广播 in the air 在空中; (消息等)在传播, 悬而未决的 by air = by plane 33. live adj 活的(动物) 现场直播的; adv. 以实况的 ; living adj 活着的; 有生命的;现行的(前置定语;表语) alive adj 活着的, ( 后置定语; 表语) a living language 现行的语言 the greatest living poet 当代最伟大的诗人 a live fish 活鱼 the live gala on New Year’s Eve 直播的新年除夕晚会 the only man alive 唯一还活着的人 6

34. all the other pupils 所有其他学生 35. together with 和…一起 36. in one’s own words 用自己的话 in other words 换句话 说 37. make comments on / make a comment on 对…发表评论 38. give one’s opinions about 对…发表意见 39. think highly/well of =speak highly of 40. encourage sb to do sth WORKBOOK 39. lead to + n. 通往;导致 result in; cause sb to do sth lead sb to do sth 导致某人作某事 lead to sb doing sth lead sb (in) doing sth; 带领某人做 lead sb + 介词短语 40. make/earn a living 谋生 41. at a high /low price 以高/低价 42. make a decision 做出决定 43. accept one’s apology 接受某人的道歉 apologize to sb; make an apology to sb. 向某人道歉 44. break down 出故障; 坏了;分解 break up 拆散 45. at full / high speed 高速 at a speed of 100 miles per hour speed up 加速 speed by 飞驰而过 46. the World Cup Final 世界杯决赛 47. think highly/well of 对…高度评价 speak highly of 48. observe / obey the law 遵守法律 break the law 49. give sb a second look 再看某人一眼 50. make a fool of sb 愚弄某人 = fool sb. 51. turn out 结果变成 52. depend on / rely on 依靠, 依赖 53. stand by sb 支持某人 support sb /take sb’s side 54. meet with 遇见 55. encourage sb to do sth 鼓励某人干某事 56. lead the life of a real princess 过上真正的公主生活 57. make one’s career 在事业上有所成就 58. be clear about 对…清楚 59. combine ….with…把…和…结合起来 60. compare…with…把…和…比较 compare...to... 把...比作... compared to/with 与...相比 Compared to men, fewer women smoke in China.

Unit 6 必会习语 Warming up & Speaking 1. apologize to sb. for sth/doing sth 因…向…道歉

make an apology to sb. for sth/ doing sth 2. mean + n./doing sth 意思是;意味着 mean +n. /to do sth/ that-clause 打算;意欲;有…的意图 mean sb to do sth. 打算(使/让)某人作某事 He meant no harm to you. / He meant you no harm. He means his son to become a doctor.

serve in the army 服役 This restaurant serves Chinese food. (供应)

LANGUAGE STUDY 19. mix…with 把…和…混合 be mixed with 20. extra information 额外信息 21. leave out 省略

Table Manners At A Dinner Party 3. for the first time “第一次” (作状语) the first time “第一次”(相当于连词引导时间状语从句) This is the first time that…. “这是第…次作某事了” (从句 中用完成时) On that day the scientist took us to the lab for the first time. The first time we met, she wore a pair of glasses. This is the first time that I have been here. 4. make / leave / create a good impression (on sb) 留下好印象 impress on sb 5. be impressed by/with 对...留下印象 6. drink a toast 祝酒 drink to+n. 为...干杯 7. start with = begin with 以…开始 end up with 以…结束 end in failure 8. keep silent 保持沉默 9. for a moment(一会儿); in a moment(过一会儿); at the moment(此时); after a moment(过了一会儿) for the moment(暂时); at any moment(随时) 10. at the table 在桌前 at table 在吃饭 in the hospital / in hospital in the prison / in prison /go to the prison /go to prison in the church / in church / go to the church / go to church go to the school / go to school 11.will 作情态动词,表意愿,决心,可用于 if 条件句中 You’d better not drink too much if you drive home after the party. He will come to see you if he has time. If you will turn down the TV. There is really too much noise. If you will read the book, I can lend it to you. 11. all the time 一直 12. drink to sb’s health / drink to sb. 13. raise one’s glass 举杯 14. take a sip 呡一小口 15. change over time 经过一段时间 16. follow the fashion of the day 跟随时尚 17. lay the table 摆桌子 18. serve the dishes 上菜 serve the people 为人民服务 7

22. wish you all the best = best wishes for you.

Workbook Exercises 23. look forward to +n./doing 盼望;期盼… 24. stare at 盯着看 25. pay the bill 买单;付帐单 May I have the bill, please? 26. behave oneself 注意自己的言行举止 behavior 27. It is certain that… 肯定… It is uncertain whether/when, etc…. Sb +be sure/certain to do sth 一定会做某事 Sb +be sure/certain about/of... 对...有把握 Sb +be sure/certain that... 相信... Sb +be not sure/certain whether/what... 28. fairy tales 童话 29. belong to 属于 (不用被动、进行时) 30. direct the traffic 指挥交通 31. produce / make /generate electricity 发电 32. hang (hanged/hanged) oneself vt. 上吊;绞死 hang-hung-hung 悬挂;vi. & vt. 33. The Hope Project 希望工程

Good Manners in the World 34. communicate with 与…交流 35. shake hands with sb 和…握手 36. look right into sb's eyes/face 直视着 37. blow one's nose 擤鼻涕 38. in public 在公共场所 make ...public ; the public 39. think…to be… 认为…是…think of...as 40. at home and abroad 在国内外 41. give sb. some advice on sth / doing sth/how to do sth 给某人提建议 take/follow sb's advice 听某人的劝告 42. lead sb to do sth 导致某人做某事 lead to sb doing sth 43. pay a visit to sb/a place 拜访,参观 call on sb / call at a place drop in (on sb) / (at a place) 44. make jokes about 拿…开玩笑; 讲笑话

play a joke on sb ; have a joke about have a joke with sb ; joke with sb 和...开玩笑 tell jokes 讲笑话 make fun of 取笑 laugh at 嘲笑;讥笑

形容词做伴随性状语: Cruso returned home, full of fear. The policeman put down the telephone, satisfied with a smile on his face. I went to bed, hungry.

Unit 7 必会词语 A CITY OF HEROES 1. cultural relics/sites 文化古迹 2. in one's opinion 以某人的意见 3. Where there is a river, there is a city. 4. on the bank of a river 在河岸/畔 5. during/in one's lifetime; in all one's life; throughout one's life 在某人的一生中 6. look like something out of a fairy tale 像是从童话种走出来的一样 7. in history 在历史上 8. under attack/fire 被攻击 (under=in the process of) under arrest; under discussion; under construction; under consideration; under control; under examination; under investigation; under observation; under repairs; 9. give in (to sb) 让步,屈服 give up 放弃 give out 发放; 发出(光;热;气等) ;用尽 give off 散发(光;热;气) give away 抛弃;捐赠 give over 转交,移交=hand over 10. in ruins 废墟 bring…to ruin 使…变成废墟=ruin sth come/go to ruin=fall into ruin 变成废墟 11. lie in pieces on the ground 成为碎片撒了一地 12. We will do everything/all/what we can to save our city. 13. It seems (to me) that…; It seems as if …; There seems to be… S. + seems/seemed to... 14. bring…back to life 使…复苏, 使…苏醒 come back to life 复苏; 苏醒 15. with the help of = with sb's help 在…的帮助下 16. including sth. / sth. included 包括…在内 区分:include 和 contain This album contains 30 maps, including three of China. 17. look out over the city 俯视这个城市 18. come true 实现 (realize one’s dream) come easy/right/loose 19. Strong, proud and united, the people of St Petersburg are the modern heroes of Russia. 8

LANGUAGE STUDY & GRAMMAR 19. over a period of 150 years 经过 150 年 19. change one's mind 改变主意 20. in men's table tennis singles / doubles event 在男子乒乓球单打比赛中 21. pull down 推倒;拆 21. send up 发射 send for; send out; 22. set up 成立; 建立;found; put up; build 23. turn/change…into… 把…变成 24. keep the same look 保持原貌 25. so far = up till now 到目前为止

INTEGRATING SKILLS 26. make + 宾语+宾语补足语 使的… make + 宾语+ do sth =sb be made to do sth + n. + adj. + done make one's voice heard ; make oneself known/understood

WORKBOOK EXERCISES 27. provide / supply sth for sb = provide sb with sth. 给…提 供 offer sb sth = offer sth to sb 28. be careful with 对…小心/认真 29. have much /little/nothing in common 有很多/几乎没有/没有共同之处 30. be made up of 由…组成 consist of 31. settle down 定居 settle a problem 32. keep in touch with 与…保持联系 keep track of get in touch with 与…取得联系 be out of touch with 与…失去联系 lose touch with 与…失去联系 33. bring down/up the price 降价/提价 v.t go down /up v.i 34. put up a notice 张贴布告 35. the State Council 国务院

THE RESCUE OF ABU SIMBEL 36. for several reasons 由于一些原因 37. all through the year = all the year round 一年四季 throughout the year 38. rise by 63 meters 上升了 63 米 by 表示“相差程度” 39. as a result /consequence of 由于…的结果 40. date from = date back to 追溯于; 始建于 This temple dates from the Song Dynasty. The temple, dating back to the Song Dynasty, will be pull down. 41. in danger 处于危险中; out of danger 脱离危险 42. be carved in rock 被刻在岩石上 43. make a plan for 为…制订计划 44. stone by stone 一块石头一块石头地 one by one 45. in all = in total =altogether 总共 46. be marked with 被标上…记号 47. Three Gorges Dam 三峡大坝 48. The Temple of Heaven 天坛 Unit 8 必会习语 WARMING UP & SPEAKING 1. the Olympic Games 奥运会 2. stand for 代表;容忍;支持/拥护;为...候选人 区分:represent 和 stand for 3. the Olympic Torch Relay 奥运火炬接力 4. the host city 主办城市 5. be worth + n. 值… sth.+ be worth doing …值得做 be worthy of + n. be worthy of being done be worthy to be done It is worth while to do sth / doing sth 6. score 20 points 得 20 分 (v.) a score of people 20 人 two score of people 40 人 three score and ten of people 70 人 scores of people 许多人 注意:a dozen eggs 十二个鸡蛋 two dozen eggs a dozen of these eggs 一打这种鸡蛋 dozens of eggs 许多鸡蛋

every few years 每隔几年 8. take part in = join in = participate in 参加 attend 出席 join sb (in doing sth) 和某人一起做某事 9. compete in 参加(竞赛) compete against/with 与…相对抗 compete for 为…而竞争 10. allow /permit/forbid sb to do sth 允许/禁止某人做某事 allow/permit/forbid doing sth 允许/禁止做某事 Nothing is permitted; everything is allowed. 一切都不(明文)准许;但也不(明文)禁止。 11. in modern times 在现代 in ancient times 在古代 12. do /try one's best to do sth 尽力做某事 13. rank third/high/low 位居第三/排名高(低) She ranks first in English study in our class. people of all ranks 各个阶层的人 14. host the Olympic games 主办奥运会 15. light the torch 点燃火炬 (lit—lit; lighted—lighted) He lit a candle and the lighted candle lit up the room. 16. in preparation for 为…做准备 prepare for 为…做准备 make preparations for 为...作准备 17. have a good / bad effect on …对…有好/坏影响=affect have influence on=influence

LANGUAGE STUDY 18. tens of thousands of 成千上万 19. pay …( to sb) for sth 付钱给…买… 20. at the opening /closing (ceremony) of 在…开/闭幕式上 21. by hand 手工 with one’s hands 22. spend…on sth 在…花费(钱;时间) spend….(in) doing sth 花 (钱;时间) 做某事 spend (time) +a place 在某地度过(一段时间) 23. more than = not only 不仅 More than fifty people attended the conference. He dressed more than simply. 他穿着极为朴素。 We were more than pleased to hear of her coming. He is more than a teacher to me. She more than smiled, but laughed. (岂止是微笑,简直是大 笑) He is more brave than wise. (有勇无谋) more than 不仅 no more than = only 仅仅

THE OLYMPIC GAMES 7. every four years 每四年;每隔三年 every fourth year 每第四年 every other year 每隔一年 9

Yao Ming has more than just size; he also has great skill and speed and he is a team player. (不仅) He has no more than handsome look; he is neither wise nor polite. (仅仅)

not more than = less than 不超过;至多 no more than = only 仅仅 There is no more than ten yuan in my pocket. (只有) There is not more than ten yuan in my pocket. (不到) He is no taller/no more careful than me. (并不比...更) He is not taller/more careful than me. (不如) 24. live one's dream =try to realize one's dream 努力实现 梦想

7. more than 不仅, 多于; no more than 仅仅; 只不过 not more than 少于, 不足 8. add to 增添;增加 add…to… 给…增加… add up 加起来 add up to 加起来总共是 9. remind sb of/about sth 提醒某人某事 remind sb to do sth 提醒某人做某事 remind sb of doing sth 提醒某人已做过某事 remind that... 10.have an appointment with sb. 和…有预约 keep /break one's appointment 守约/违约 make an appointment with sb. 和…约定 by appointment 按约定 11. obey /break the rules 遵守/违反规定 12. agree (not) to do sth agree that sb can/will do sth agree with; agree to; agree on 13. dare not do = don't dare to do 不敢作…(同 need) 14. take sth/sb away from… 把….从….带/拿走 14. stay/keep in touch with sb.; /keep track of be in touch with 与…保持联系 get in touch with 与…取得联系 lose touch with 与…失去联系 be out of touch with 15. call for help 求救 16. in case (of an emergency) 万一; 以免 in case +从句 万一 17. do whatever he wants to do 想干什么就干什么 whatever 和 no matter what 区分 LANGUAGE STUDY 18. according to 根据 19. the negative/positive effect of ….的负面/正面影响

WORKBOOK EXERCISES 25. set /give a good example to sb 为…树立好榜样 copy / follow the example of 学习/效仿...的榜样 26. the International Olympic Committee 国际奥委会 27. the spirit of the Olympic Games 奥林匹克精神 28. care about 关心 29. take up 占去(空间) 开始从事;拿起; ; 30. put on weight = gain weight 体重增加 lose weight 减肥 31. as follows 如下

FOR THE LOVE OF THE GAME 32. even if 即使 33. hear about/of 听说 hear from sb 收到某人来信 hear that... 听说 34. I wish +从句 (虚拟语气;时态倒退一步) I wish I were twenty years younger. I wish I could make as much money as Michael Jordan. I wish I had seen my favuorite movie star the other day. 35.deal with 对付;应付;处理;涉及;做生意 How did you deal with the rubbish? What did you do with the rubbish? 36. shoot the ball into the other team's goal 把球踢入对方 球门 Unit 9 必会习语 SPEAKING 1.be used for 被用于… be used as 被用作… 2. It depends. 要看情况而定。 LIFE ON THE GO 3. live life on the go 过着忙碌的生活 4. on the go 忙忙碌碌的; 四处奔走 5. make it possible for sb to do sth 使得某人做某事成为可 能 6. throughout the world 遍及世界 10

INTEGRATING SKILLS 20. take over 接管 21. (in) the way that/in which… …的方法 The few surviving human beings are being used (in) the way (that) we use machines today. 22. break down 出故障 23. dream of/ about 梦见;梦想 24. fail to do sth; fail in doing sth 没能做到… succeed in doing sth 成功的做某事 be successful in doing sth 25. force sb to do sth 强迫某人做某事 oblige sb to do sth by force 靠武力

26. come up with 想到; 提出 27. take steps /measures/action to do sth 采取措施 28. look up the words in the dictionary 在字典上查单词 29. go for a job interview 去面试找工作 30. unite as one 团结一致 31. hand in one's homework 交作业 32. suffer a serious defeat 遭惨败

endanger vt. 使...濒危;危害 endangered animals 濒危动物 become endangered 5. die out 灭绝; 消失 die away ; die off; die of; die from; die down be dying for 渴望;很想 6. It follows that… 由此得出…; 可见… People get sick because of air pollution. It follows that we must do something about it. 人们生病是因为空气污染。可见我们必须采取行动了。 7. lead to 导致 8. take turns to do sth/ doing sth 轮流做某事 do sth in turn/by turns 9. act as 扮演 play a role of ARE WE ENDANGERED? 10. an environmental expert 一位环境专家 11. keep/stop/prevent sb from doing sth 阻止…做… keep sb doing sth 使...一直做... keep (on) doing sth 坚持做某事 protect...from/against 保护...免受... 12. we don't do as we say. 我们言行不一。 13. ( take sb ) on a tour of... (带某人)游览... 14. have a bright future 用有一个灿烂的未来 15. harm sb/ do harm to sb/ do sb harm/ be harmful to sb 伤害某人;对...有害=be bad for do good to sb/do sb good/ be good for/ benefit sb./be of benefit to 对...有好处/益 16. take measures/steps/action 采取措施 17. be used to sth/ doing sth 习惯于… 18. adapt to (改变以)适应 adapt oneself to 使自己适应于 adjust to (调整以)适应 19. become endangered 频临危险 20. the original species 原有的物种 species (单复数相同) 21. first of all 首先 at first; above all 22. make a big difference 大改观;影响大 23.If we know more about what causes endangerment, we may be able to take measures before it is too late. 如果我们 能更多地了解致使生物濒危的原因, 就能及时采取补救措 施。 ?They are thinking of buying the house before the prices go up. 他们正在考虑趁房价未涨时把房子买下来。 ?If you don’t like the present job, I suggest you look for another one before it is too late. 如果你不喜欢目前的工作,我建议你趁早另谋出路。 ?He hung up before I could say a word. 我还没说一句话,他就挂了电话。 11

FUTURE TRAVEL:TELEPORTATION 33. be based on 以…为基础 34. take …apart 把…分解 =separate put…together 35. on the way 在路上 on one’s way to 在去...的路上 in the way 妨碍;挡道 in a way 在某种程度上 by the way 顺便问一下 (in)this/that way 这样 in the same way 用同样的方法 in different ways 用不同的方法 in no way 决不;一点也不 the way to do/of doing sth 做...的方法 the way (that/in which)定语从句 make one’s way to 朝...走去 all the way 一路上;从头至尾 by way of 经由;通过...的方法 way of life 生活方式 36. so far 到目前为止 37. We are still a long way from being able to do sth. =It will take us a long time to be able to do sth. 38. It is possible (for sb) to do sth It is likely/possible/probable that... Sb is likely to do sth. 39. The more we know, the more we can imagine. 越..., 就越.... The more you listen to English, the easier it will become. The longer you live in this place, the less you will like it. Unit 10 习语必会 WARMING UP & LISTENING & SPEAKING 1.no longer; no more 1. There be… left 有…剩下 2. hunt animals for food 为得到…而捕猎… hunt for 搜寻 hunt animals 狩猎 3. know of/about 对…了解 4. in danger 处于危险中 out of danger 脱离危险 in danger of 面临...的危险

popular 普及的; 通俗的, 指为广大群众所接受或深受喜 LANGUAGE STUDY 24. devote oneself to sth/doing sth 致力于… be devoted to sth/doing sth 投身于 a devoted friend / wife 25. at present 目前 at the present time be present at 出席 26. explain sth to sb 向某人解释…=explain to sb sth 27. set…free 释放 =free 28. in the wild 处于野生状态 Unit 11 习语必会 WARMING UP & SPEAKING 1. a piece of music 一支曲子 2. Can you help me to decide what to buy? 3. What do you have in mind? 你有什么主意? INTEGRATING SKILLS 29.be careful with 细心;认真 be careful of/about 注意;留意 30. throw away 扔掉;throw about 四处乱扔 31. care about 关心 care for 喜欢; workbook 32. go on a tour to 去…观光/游览 33. a large amount of (money) 许多(钱) 34. (translate) word for word 逐字地 answer point for point 逐点答复 对比:one by one; little by little 35. up to (1)正在做;从事于(2)大约; 多达 (3)理应;视为...的职责 ?What’s he up to? 他在干什么? (常用作贬义) ?I guess the fellow is up to no good. 我猜这个家伙要图谋不轨。 ?The little boy can count up to twenty. 这小孩能从一数到二十。 ?The students are allowed up to two hours to finish the test. 学生们有长达两小时的时间来完成试题。 ?It’s up to you to decide what to do next. 由你来决定我们下一步做什么。 ?The success of this project is up to us. 这个项目的成败取决于我们. 36. become extinct = die out 37. keep…as a pet 把…当宠物养 38.common adj. 常见的; 共同的; 普遍的(侧重指共性; 强调“非特殊性,非优秀性” 或 "不足为奇的" usual adj 通常的;寻常的;惯常的 (多指”习惯性的,遵 循常规的,一贯如此的" 强调时间角度。 ordinary 通常的;普通的, 也指普遍的,但不是因为大 家所共有而普遍常见, 而是因为符合事物的正常法则及 一般规律而十分普遍; 也可带贬义,指低于一般标准的 事物或人。 12 4. dance to (a song/music) 伴着(歌曲/音乐)跳舞 5. What can/do you suggest? suggest sth suggest (sb) doing sth suggest that... suggest +虚拟语气 (建议) insist +虚拟 (坚决要求) suggest + 陈述语气 (表示) insist +陈述 (坚决认为) 6. Have you considered doing...? 你考虑过...吗? consider...(as/to be)... 认为...是... consider sb to have done sth 认为...做过某事 THE SOUND OF THE WORLD 5. a musical instrument 乐器 6. musical styles 音乐风格 in style 流行的 out of style 过时的 7. have much/nothing in common with 和…有许多/没有相同之处 8. along with 和…一起 9. a variety of 各种各样的 varieties of = various LANGUAGE STUDY 10. pick out 挑出 choose; select pick up; pick on; pick 11. The style is the man. 文如其人 12. the key to the classroom 教室的钥匙 the answer to the question 问题的答案 the solution to the problem 问题的解决办法 the entrance to the station 车站的入口 13. give/put on a performance 表演/上演节目 14. golden pen 金笔 gold necklace 金项链 15. a two-room house 一个两室的房子 a four-storey building = a building of four storeys/stories 16. make a record 录制唱片 set a record 创纪录 record a song 录一首歌 17. turn into 变成; 译成 turn...into; turn to 爱的 general 一般的;普通的; 指属于大部分人或大部分事物 的属性, 因此是一般的,普通的,可能也包括了一些极 少数的例外。

POP VERSUS ROCK 18. become more and more similar 变得越来越相似 19. make music one's career 把音乐当事业 20. on the other hand 另一方面 20. satisfy sb. 使得某人满意 be satisfied with 对…感到满意 be pleased with; be content with satisfactory = satisfying; satisfaction 21. satisfy one’s inner desire 满足某人的内心欲望 21. make people feel easy 让人们感觉轻松/悠闲 22. forget about 忘记了

9. a world of magic and wonders 充满魔力和神奇的世界 10. a series of 一系列的 11. seem like =look like 看起来像 12. treat sb to sth 请某人(吃…) treat sb badly 虐待 treat ...as/like... 13. in trouble 在困境中 get into trouble 陷入困境 ask for trouble 自找麻烦 make trouble 捣乱 put sb to trouble 给人添麻烦 take trouble to do sth 不辞辛苦的做某事 14. do the right thing 做得对 15. come across

AMERICAN COUNTRY MUSIC 23. have a hit 风靡一时 24. over the past twenty years 经过了过去的 20 年 25.be common for 对...很普通的 25. think…to be…. 认为…是 26. turn to 转向; 求助于;翻到 turn writer 成为作家 turn 20 过了 20 岁 27. think well of (be well thought of) =think highly of =speak highly of = sing high praise for 对…评价很高 28. make fun of 取笑; 拿某人取乐 29. bring in 带来(收入); 引进(技术) 30. on their travels 在旅行时 31, in the open air 在户外 31. for free 免费 a free meal He is free with his money. All these books are given away (for) free/free of charge. The old woman has never been free from pain. You are free to do anything you like, within the law. Unit 12 必会习语 Warming up & Speaking 1. match…with… 把….和….相配 2. action film 动作片 3. romantic comedy 浪漫喜剧 4. shootings and fights 枪战 5. at the art festival 在艺术节上/期间 HARRY POTTER 6. magical power 魔力 7. magic tricks 魔术技巧 8. welcome to + n. 欢迎到…. Welcome home! give sb a warm welcome 热烈欢迎 13

1. be understood; He spoke for a long time but his meaning did not come across. 2. make an impression; She came across well/badly in interviews. He came across as a sympathetic person. 3. meet or find sb/sth by chance = run into I came across some old photos in a drawer. 16. fight against 与…作斗争/打架/打仗 fight n. fight with; fight for 17. believe 和 believe in believe in 信仰 (真理;宗教;原则) 信任= trust in;trust;have trust in 信赖=rely on I believe him, but I don’t believe in/trust (in) him. 我相信他所说的话,但我不信任他/相信他的人格/能力。 Do you believe in God? believe 和 trust believe sb/what sb said 相信某人(所说的话) believe ...to be... 认为...是... believe...to have done 认为/相信...做过某事 believe that... 相信;认为 trust that... I believe/trust that you will join us. (trust 比 believe 语气强) I believe him to be an honest man. =I believe that he is an honest man. I believe him to have passed the exam. =I believe that he has passed the exam. I can’t trust that boy out of my sight. 我一看不见那个孩子就不放心。 18. grow up to be... 长大后成为... 19. share the same goal 有着共同目标 20.be strong in heart and mind 意志坚强,头脑聪明

THE QUESTION 21. whisper sth to sb 小声/悄悄给某人说 whisper sth in one's ear 咬耳朵 in a whisper 小声地 22. as if 好像 23. not all = all not 并不都 not every = every...not 并非每个...都 not both=both not 并非两个都... ...not all of them were safe.=...all of them were not safe. Not both of the students are good at English. =Both of the students are not good at English. 完全否定:None of the rooms are safe. Neither of the students is good at English. 24. if only 要是…就好了 If only my mother were here with me. 25. be about to do sth when… 正要…这时… 26. turn around 转身 27. walk/run up to; go/come up to 上前去 28. go past 从...的旁边过去

=just as we do what we do 39. come (back) to life 苏醒;复苏;恢复生机 bring sb (back) to life 使...苏醒;使...恢复生机 40. in a way 在某种程度上 41. lose oneself in = be lost in 沉浸于; 沉醉于 Lost in thought, he almost knocked into a tree. 42. be eager/anxious to do sth 迫切地/渴望要做某事 be eager for/about/after 渴望得到 be anxious about 为...担忧;焦虑 long for 渴望得到 be dying for

WORKBOOK EXERCISES 29. play a trick on sb. 给某人恶作剧 30. apologize to sb for sth 向某人道歉 make an apology to sb. 31.(1) 摆脱…的习惯 get out of the habit (of doing sth) ; get rid of the habit of break off the habit of (2) 养成…的习惯 get/fall into the habit (of doing sth) form the/a habit (of doing sth) (3) 有…的习惯 have the/a habit of be in the /a habit of 32. TV series 电视连续剧 33. primary school 小学 elementary school 34. Attention, please, I have an announcement to make. 请大家注意,我要宣布一个通知。 May I have your attention, please? 请大家注意啦! 35. run after 追赶;追求;追捕

BOOK MAFIC 36. be similar to 与…相似 the same as 和...一样 37. in other words 换句话说 in one’s own words 38. just like us doing what we do 就像我们做我们的事 14


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