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2018届新课标英语艺考生文化课冲刺课件Unit21(共21张PPT)

时间:2018-02-14


Unit Twenty-one
Ⅰ. 重点词汇必背 每个单元20个,其中重点单词 15个,重点短语5个。 Ⅱ. 核心词汇运用 从本单元的重点词汇中选出核 心单词7个和核心短语3个进行了精讲。 Ⅲ. 语法突破 对高考的各语法知识点进行精讲, 并对该考点进行分析和训练。 或Ⅲ. 题型突破 对高考中的题型的进行分析,对 它的解法进行归纳,并对该题型进行针对性训练。 Ⅳ. 作文模板必背 针对高考各话题列出模板,供 考生记忆。 另配有【冲刺练】单元综合练习 是对命题的一种 预测和对高考试题的提前演练。

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一、重点单词 1. increase [in'kri:s] v. 增加,增长;繁殖 ['inkri:s] n. 增加,增长,增多 2. independent ['indi'pend?nt] adj. 独立的;有主见的;不受控制的 3. influence ['influ?ns] v. 影响,起作用 n. 影响力,作用 4. inform [in'f?:m] v. 告诉,通知;告发,告密 5. information ['inf?'mei??n] n. 信息,通知,情报 6. injure ['ind??] v. 损害,伤害;毁坏 7. insist [in'sist] v. 坚持;坚决认为(主张) 8. inspire [in'spai?] v. 鼓舞;激励;使生灵感;授意 9. instruct [in'str?kt] v. 指导;指示;教导;命令;通知 10. insure [in'?u?] v. 给……保险 11. intend [in'tend] v. 计划;想要;打算 12. interesting [in'tristi?] adj. 有趣的,引起兴趣的 13. interview ['int?vju:] v. 采访;会晤,会见;面试,接见 n. 会晤;面试 14. introduce ['intr?'dju:s] v. 介绍;引入,引进;引导;提出;推出 15. invent [in'vent] v. 发明,创造

? 二、重点短语 ? 16. help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事 屏息 ? 18. if only 但愿,要是……就好了

17. hold one’s breath 屏住呼吸,
19. in a word 总之

1. increase v. 增加,增长;繁殖 n. 增加,增长,增多

一、重点单词

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构词 increasable adj. 可增加的,可加大的 用法 increase to增加到…… increase by增加了……,以……幅度增加 例句 Wide reading will increase your vocabulary. 博览群书会增加你的词汇量。 操练 根据句子要求,完成句子。 (1)她的体重增加到了70公斤。 Her weight __________ 70 kilos. (2)预计产量将提高15%。 It is estimated that the output will __________ 15%. Keys: (1) has increased to (2) increase by

2. inform v. 告诉,通知;告发, 告密
构词 information n. 信息,通知,情报 用法 inform sb. about/of sth.将……告知(某人) 例句 I felt sorry to inform her of her son’s death. 我伤心地把她儿子死亡的消息告诉了她。 操练 根据句子要求,完成句子。 (1) 为什么不告诉我她来了? Why not me of her arrival? (2) 请来信把你的计划告诉我。 Please __________ me by letter __________ your plans. ? Keys: (1) informed of (2) inform, of ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

3. insist v. 坚持;坚决认为 (主张)
? 构词 insistence n.坚持,强调,坚决主张 ? 用法 insist on/upon 坚持,强调…… ? insist that sb. should do坚持某人做…… ? 例句 She insisted that it should not make any difference
to her.

? 她坚持认为对她来说没对区别。 ? 操练 根据句子要求,完成句子。 ? (1) 我一定要你给我一个直截了当的回答。 ? I must __________ your giving me a straightforward answer. ? (2) 他们坚持让我留下吃晚饭。 ? They __________ that I __________ there for supper.

4. intend v. 计划;想要;打算
? 构词 intension n. 意图,目的,打算 ? 用法 intend to do 打算做…… ? 例句 I intended to catch the early train, but I got up late. ? 我本来打算赶早班的火车,但是我起晚了。 ? 操练 根据句子要求,完成句子。 ? (1) 我打算叫他乘火车去。 ? I __________ that he should go by train. ? (2) 他们打算努力工作,省下钱来供子女上学。 ? They __________ work hard and save money to afford their children’s schooling. ? Keys: (1) intend (2) intend to

5. interesting adj. 有趣的,引 起兴趣的
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? interest n. 兴趣;嗜好;利息;股份 v. 使……感兴趣 be interested in 对……感兴趣 in the interest(s) of 为了…… 例句 The English language has an interesting history. 英语有着有趣的发展史。 操练 根据句子要求,完成句子。 (1) 今天晚上有一个有趣的电视节目。 There is an __________ program on television tonight. (2) 我想贵公司可能会对我公司的新产品感兴趣。 I think you may __________ our new product. (3) 我们在为人类谋福利。 We are working __________ humanity. Keys: (1) interesting (2) be interested in (3) in the interests of 构词 用法

接见 n. 会晤;面试
? 构词 interviewer n. 采访者;接见者;(面试时的)主考 官 ? interviewee n. 被接见者;被访问者;被面试者 ? 用法 interview for 就……而面试 ? 例句 I interviewed him about some things. ? 就一些事情,我采访了他。 ? 操练 根据句子要求,完成句子。 ? (1) 我明天早上有一个面试。 ? I have __________ tomorrow morning. ? (2) 采访者问了我的未来计划。 ? The __________ asked me about my future plans. ? (3) 我们面试了8个求职者。

7. introduce v. 介绍;引入,引进; 引导;提出;推出
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 构词 introduction n. 介绍;引进;序言;导论 用法 introduce to 把……介绍给某人 例句 She introduced me to her friend. 她把我介绍给她的朋友。 操练 根据句子要求,完成句子。 (1) 他介绍说玛丽是他女儿。 He __________ Mary as his daughter. (2) 他向我们简要地介绍了一下他们的大学。 He gave us a brief __________ their university.

? Keys: (1) introduced (2) introduction about/on

二、重点短语
8. if only 但愿,要是……就好了(常用虚拟语气)
? 比较 only if conj. 只有当……(只是在……的时候)才(表条件,常用倒
装语序)

? 例句 I am so tired. If only I can take the day off tomorrow. ? 太疲倦了。如果明天能不上班多好。 ? 操练 填入适当的词使句子完整。 ? (1) 要是我再有一次机会就好了。 ? __________ I had another chance. ? (2) 我只有找到了工作才有足够的钱上学。 ? __________ I get a job will I have enough money to go to school. ? (3) 要是他当时在这儿就好了。 ? __________ he had been here.

9. in a word 总之
? 比较 in short=in brief 总之 ? in words 口头上 ? 例句 In a word, we must just leave now. ? 总而言之,我们必须现在就走。 ? 操练 填入适当的词使句子完整。 ? (1) 总之,我们应该改进我们的服务。 ? __________, then, we should improve our service. ? (2) 简而言之,我对一切运动都感兴趣。 ? __________, I am interested in all of the sports. ? Keys: (1) In a word/ In short (2) In short / In a

语) =additionally另外
? 比较 in addition to+n. =besides+n. 除……之外 ? 例句 In addition, they sang a folk song to us. ? 另外,他们还给我们唱了一首民歌。 ? 操练 填入适当的词使句子完整。 ? (1) 另外,时间也是有限。 ? __________, time is also limited. ? (2) 除了家庭作业外,他还做了许多习题。 ? __________ his homework, he did many exercises. ? (3) 除了法语外,他还得学日语。 ? __________ French, he has to study Japanese. ? Keys: (1) In addition (2) In addition to (3) In

名称

定义

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结构 What +名词+ 陈述语序! What+a+形容词+名词+ 陈述 语序! What+形容词+复数名词+陈 述语序! What+形容词+不可数名词+ 陈述语序! How +形容词+ a +名词+陈述 语序! How+形容词或副词+陈述语 序!

感叹句

感叹句是表 达喜、怒、 哀、乐以及 惊奇、惊讶 等强烈感情 的句子。感 叹

what引导的感叹句

how引导感叹句

【感叹句高考考点分析】
? 下面是近几年高考题对感叹句的考查。通过这些题目来 分析一下感叹句的用法和考点主要分布情况。 ? 1.(2009年广东卷)...She remembered how difficult __31__ was to choose a suitable Christmas present for her father.... ? 【分析】it。remembered后面的宾语从句是由how引 导的感叹句变来的。

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感叹句和倒装句一样,主要是用在写作中,用以丰富 写作句式。

【感叹句同步练习】
一、填入适当的词完成下列感叹句。 1. What difficult homework we had yesterday! 2. What a cute dog it is! 3. How interesting the story is! 4. How bad the weather in England is! 5. What an honest boy Tom is! 6. What tasty smell the cake gave off! 7. What a good time we had on the beach yesterday! 8. What a exciting news you’ve brought us! 9. How cool your new car is! 10. How scary these tigers are!

【感叹句同步练习】
二、单项选择。 ( A )1. fast the boy ran! A.How B.How an C.What D.What an ( A )2. well you sing but A.How; how B.What; what C.How; what D.What; how badly he dances!

( A )3.

delicious the soup is! I’d like some more. A.How B.How an C.What D.What an

2018/2/14

【感叹句同步练习】
( C )4. said. fools they were! They believed what the man A.How B.How an C.What D.What an ( A )5. foolish they were! They believed what the man said. A.How B.How an C.What D.What an ( C )6. difficult questions they are! I can’t answer them. A.How B.How an C.What D.What an

2018/2/14

【感叹句同步练习】
( A )7.I miss my friend very much. her! A.How B.How an C.What D.What an ( C )8. I want to see

lovely weather we are having these days! A.How B.How an C.What D.What an beautiful your new dress is! A.How B.How an C.What D.What an

(

)9.

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【感叹句同步练习】
( C )10. interesting work it is to teach children! A.How B.How an C.What D.What an 三、将下列句子改为感叹句。 1.The boy swam very fast. How fast the boy swam! 2.The school trip is very exciting. How exciting the school trip is! 3.Hei Longjiang looks very beautiful in winter. How beautiful Hei Longjiang looks in winter!

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【感叹句同步练习】
4.It is a very useful dictionary. What a useful dictionary it is! dictionary is! How useful the 5.The students are listening very carefully. How carefully the students are listening!

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? 高考话题:健康(health)--保持健康很重要

?

It’s known to us all that nothing is more important than health. The ways for us to keep fit can be suggested as follows. Firstly, we should have a healthy diet,that’s to say,we eat a variety of food including meat,fresh fruits and vegetables. Secondly,we had better drink more boiled water instead of drinks like juice or Coca Cola. Last but not least,do some exercise every day,

such as running,swimming,playing basketball and so on,for
exercise can not only help to relax ourselves but also benefit our


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