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小学英语语法-介词PPT课件

时间:2012-10-06


介词

behind
Sunny

next to

词汇大阅兵--让我们先 来把耳朵和眼睛唤醒

on the right

Lily
Tommy

Lucy

on the left Mary Kitty


in front of

between

E

on

A
One

behind

C

Two

between
F

under B

D

near
in the front of

in front of

in

on

fall off/down from the tree

under

介词辨析
(1) between…and..在……和……之间

(2) in 在……里面(表示静止的位置) into 进入,表示运动方向,常用在表示动 作的动词之后, 如 walk, jump, run 等 into的反义词是out of

Michael’s neighborhood House Pine
Supermarket Hotel

Street

Fifth Ave

go (straight) along

Michael’s neighborhood House Pine
Hotel Supermarket

Street

Fifth Ave

Turn right

Michael’s neighborhood House Pine
Hotel Supermarket

Street

Fifth Ave

Turn left

I was born _____

onJune 1,1992.
in

I was born on Children’s Day. ___

I was born _____ June,1992. 好郁闷啊! 分不清 了耶!!! I was born _____ 1992.

in

什么是介词?它的作用是什么?
? ? ? ? 1.Look at me.( 代词 ) 2.He goes to school by bike.( 名词 ) 3.He is interested in drawing.( 动名词 ) 4.The book is on the desk.( 名词 )

代词 名词 动名词 介词:通常用在_________、_______、_______

之前,表示某个人、事物/东西、事件与 关系 另一个之间的_________。

介词的主要分类:
? 1. at the cinema, in the hospital 地点介词 __________

? 2. Write with a pen, by bus ___________

方式介词

? 3. in summer, on September 1st 时间介词 ___________ ? 4. by the way, at last, in the end 固定搭配 ___________

一.地点介词
? 1.at the village , at home, at the corner of the street..

表示小地方用at ______________________
? 2.in Shanghai , in the country, in Asia, in the

表示大地方用in _______________________ ? 3. in the box, on the chair, under the desk, next to Kate, on the right of Lucy, in front of the house, behindthe door…
表示不同地方用具体不同的介词

world, in space…

填上正确的地方介词:
1.在广州 2.在电影院 3.在湖边 4.在海里 5.树上的苹果 6.树上的小鸟 7.在天空上 8.在教室外 9.在农场上 10.在街道上
in _______ Guangzhou at _______ the cinema by _______ the lake in _______ the sea on apples ______ the tree birds ______ the tree in in ______ the sky outside _________ the classroom on ________ the farm ________ the street in

fall / jump off the tree
on

in
the tree

the tree

二.方式介词
1.write with a pen, cut with a knife …

使用工具用介词 with ____________________
2. see with our eyes, do with our hands, smell with our noses, eat with our mouths…

使用器官用介词 with
____________________ 3. in English , in French , in your own words, in three language…

使用语言用介词 in

4. in a loud voice, in a low voice… ______________________ 使用声音用介词 in 5. in this way, in these ways , by this means… _______________________ 使用方法用介词 in 或

by

6.by bike, by bus, by train, by plane, by ship, by car… (on foot)

使用交通工具用 by ___________________________________

但: on the bike, on the bus, on the train, on the plane, on the ship, in the car…

7.in a red coat, the girl in yellow, the boy in white…
______________________ 9.lie in bed, after a while, in the sun (
表示穿衣服用 in

固定搭配

)

三.时间介词
1.at six o’clock, at noon, at that time, at half past three, at mid-night… 表示点钟或具体一点时间用 at _____________________ 2.on Sunday, on New Year’s Day, on March 21st, on my birthday … on the afternoon of May 1, on a cold morning 表示具体的某一天用 on ______________________ 3. in three days, in a week, in a month, in May, in 1998, in a century… _________________________
表示表示周、月、季节、年大于一天的 时间用 in

5. at night 在晚上 6. in the day 在白天 7. in the morning 在早上 8. in the afternoon 在下午 9. in the evening 在晚上

在早上/下午/傍晚 用 in

(1)目的介词: for 为了(表示目的或原因) to 为了… (2)比较介词 like 象…一样 as 与…一样(连词),作为;按照+ 句子 than 比… to 与…相比较

Do you remember them?…
at 在…岁时 ___ the age of at 有时 ___ times at 开始,在…起初 ___ the beginning of at 此刻 ___ the moment = now at 在…结尾,在…尽头 ___ the end of for 例如 ____ example in 匆忙地 ___ a hurry by 到…的时候 ____ the time to 从…到… from _____…___… in 在户外,在野外 ___ the open air

相邻,靠近 next ___ to in 将来 ___ the future 由于,幸亏 thanks ___ to 过了一会儿 _______ a while after on 在地球上 ___ earth 遍及 all_____ over 下课/放学/下班后 ______ class/school/work after on on 展出 ___ show 值日 ___ duty by 独立, 单独 all ___ oneself to 令(某人)惊讶 ___ one’s surprise

在下列情况下,时间状语前不用介词:
? 1.当时间状语是today, tonight, yesterday, the day before yesterday, yesterday morning/afternoon/evening, tomorrow, tomorrow morning/afternoon/evening等时。 ? She went to the park yesterday. ? I’ll be free tomorrow morning. ? 2.含有this, that, these, those, last, next, every, each等的时间状语不用介词。 ? We are going to play basketball this afternoon. ? I saw him in the street last Sunday. ? My mother gets up early every morning. ? We are working on the farm these days.

介词总动员-句子填介词
to with On 1.____weekends,I often go ____ movies ____ my friends, Mike.
at 2.What events do you have ____ your school ? of at at 3.I stay ____ home and look ____ pictures ____ Beijing Opera? In 4.____ a word, I can learn a lot about Chinese history. _____ to at 5.I usually go ____school ____ seven o’clock. to on in 6.He listens ____ music ____ TV ____ the morning.

年、月、周前要用in 遇到某天要用on 上、下午晚上用in 要说某日上下午,用on 换in 才能行, at用在夜、时间前 说“差”要用to 来顶 说“过”要用past 小处at,大处in 步行、骑马、左右on 收音、电话、值日on 交通工具要用by 医院、班级、人在床,常用 in来表示在

in 1998, in May, in this week, 日子前面却不行 on Saturday, on my birthday, on Children’s Day In the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening on Monday morning at night, at 6:00, at 12:13 8:50 ten to nine 8:10 ten past eight at the door, at home, at school in the world, in China, in Beijing on foot, on a horse, on the left, on the right on the radio, on the phone, on duty by bike, by plane In the hospital, in my class, in bed (人呆在床上常用in, 而东西在床上常用on)


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