人教版八年级英语下册期中精品复习 (1)


Mid-term Examination Review

Unit 1 What's the matter?
What's the matter with ...? What's wrong with...? What's the trouble/problem with...?

2.患...病 (have a +疾病名)
患感冒 发烧 牙疼 咳嗽 背疼 have a cold 胃疼 have a stomachache have a fever 头疼 have a headache have a toothache (tooth--teeth) have a cough 喉咙疼 have a sore throat have a sore back

a. 询问建议及提建议 ---What should I/she/he do? ---You/She/He should + V.原形。 (should是情态动词, should/shouldn't +V. 原形) b. 你下次不应该吃这么多。 You shouldn't eat so much next time. c. ---我应该量体温吗?---是的。/不是。 Should I take my temperature? Yes, you should./ No, you shouldn't.

4. too much VS. much too
too much + 不可数名词 too much homework/pressure much too + adj./adv. much too heavy/fast too much much too fat. Eg. He eats ___________ food, so he is _________

5. enough 的用法
a. 修饰n., 放在n.的前面 enough time/water/money b. 修饰adj./adv.,放在adj./adv.的后面old/fast enough

躺下休息 lie down and rest 喝蜂蜜热茶 drink hot tea with honey 量体温 take one's temperature 看牙医/医生 see a dentist/doctor 休息 take a break, take breaks, have a rest 下车 get off; 使...惊讶的 to one's surprise 立即,马上 right away= at once 用尽 run out (of); 掌管 be in control of 做决定 make a decision, make decisions 坚持做某事 keep on doing sth. 习惯于...; 适应于... be used to (doing/n.) 过去常做某事 used to do sth.

Unit 2 I'll help to clean up the city park.
1. could 表示提建议
Eg.You could help to clean up the city parks.

2. 短语动词
在V. + adv.的结构中,代词作宾语, cheer up (cheer them up) 应放在V.与adv.中间 hand out (hand them out) give out, clean up, come up with, put off, put up, call up, give up, care for, try out, give away, take after, set up,fix up

3. 动词不定式 to+V. 原形
a. 动词不定式作宾语 三个希望(hope, wish, expect)两需要(need, want),设法(try) 同意(agree)做准备(prepare),开始(begin)计划(plan)莫忘 记(forget),记着(remember)决定(decide)能学会(learn) b.动词不定式作宾语补足语 advise/ask/want/tell/allow/encourage/invite/would like/expect/need/wish sb. to do sth. c.动词不定式作宾补省略不定式符号to 一感二听三让四看半个帮助 feel; listen to, hear; let, make, have; see, watch, notice, look at

d.与特殊疑问词连用, 特殊疑问词+ to do
how to care for, what to do, where to go

4. alone VS. lonely
alone 独自地 live alone lonely 孤独的, 寂寞的 feel lonely

5. 重点短语
推迟做某事 put off doing sth. 帮忙解决 help out; (help sb. out) 放弃做某事 give up doing sth. 满足感 a feeling of satisfaction 愉快的表情 the look of joy 四岁时 at the age of four 有影响,作用 make a difference 花费时间/金钱 Sb. spend time/money on sth. Sb. spend time/money (in) doing sth. It takes sb. some time to do sth.

Unit 3 Could you please clean your room?
1. Could you please+v.? (polite requests)
肯定回答:Yes, sure./ Of course./Certainly./ All right./No problem. 否定回答:Sorry, I can't. I have to...

Could I do sth.? (ask for permissions)
肯定回答: Sure./Of course./Yes, you can. 否定回答: Sorry, you can't./No, I'm afraid not./I'm afraid you can't./You'd better not.

2.borrow VS. lend 看主语与物品的所属关系
borrow “借入” 把本来不属于自己的东西借来使用 borrow...from.. lend “借出” 把属于自己的东西借给别人使用 lend sth. to sb.=lend sb. sth.

3.neither 的用法
a. 作adv. “也不” 他不喜欢音乐。我不喜欢。 He doesn't like music. Neither do I. b. 作pron. “两者都不” 我们俩都不喜欢音乐。 Neither of us likes music.

做家务 do chores (do the dishes, take out the rubbish, fold the clothes, sweep the floor, make the bed, clean the living room) 外出吃饭 go out for dinner; 在外待得很晚 stay out late 遛狗 take the dog for a walk; 结束做某事 finish doing sth. 和...一样 as...as; 浪费时间 a waste of time 为了,目的是 in order to; 照顾 take care of= look after 结果是 as a result ; 依靠, 依赖 depend on 一...就... as soon as / the minute/the moment 越...,就越... the +比较级,the +比较级 越早越好 the earlier, the better Eg. The more we get together, the happier we will be.

Unit 4 Why don't you talk to your parents?
1. 提建议的方式 a. You should/could/shouldn't do sth. b. How/What about doing sth.? c. Shall we...? d. Let's do sth.? e. Would you mind doing sth.? f. You'd better (not) do sth. g. Why don't you+ V. 原形? = Why not + V. 原形?

2.unitl 的用法
a. 与延续性动词连用,动词用肯定形式, “直到...为止” Eg. I waited until he came back. b. not...until “直到...才” Eg. I didn't go to bed until midnight.

允许某人做某事 allow sb. to do sth. 和某人争吵 get into a fight with sb. 发现某人正在做某事 find sb. doing sth. 归还某物给某人 return sth. to sb.=give sth. back to sb. 以便 so that; 解决,计算出 work out 它不是大事 It's not a big deal. 与某人相处愉快 get on/along with sb. 与某人交流 communicate with sb. 介意(某人)做某事 mind (sb.) doing sth. 害怕做某事 be afraid of doing sth. 与某人竞赛 compete with sb. 比较 compare...with... 继续做某事 continue to do sth. (另一件事) continue doing sth. (同一件事)

Unit 5 What were you doing when the rainstorm came?
1.The past progressive tense 表示过去某个时间点或时 间段正在发生或存在的动作 肯定形式:主+was/were doing sth. 否定形式:主+wasn't/weren't doing sth. 一般疑问句:Was/Were +主+doing sth.? 特殊疑问句:What were you doing...? What was he/she doing...? 时间状语: at this time yesterday, at that time, from 6 to 9 last night, when+一般过去时

2. when VS.while
a. when 既可指时间点,也可指时间段,引导的时间状语多用一 般时态。 when+一般过去时, 主句为过去进行时 Eg.I was reading when he came in. When he was a boy, he was always making trouble. b. while 仅指时间段,与延续性动词连用 while + 过去进行时,主句一般过去时 主句过去进行时 (表示两个动作同时发生) Eg. While I was reading ,he came in. While mom was cooking , dad was watching TV.



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