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上海市金山中学2015-2016学年高二上学期期中考试英语试题

时间:2016-09-14


金山中学 2015 学年度第一学期高二年级英语学科期中考试卷 (考试时间:90 分钟 满分:100 分 命题人:张 花 审核人:杨晓丽)

第 I 卷(共 75 分)

I. Listening Comprehension Section A

(20%)

Directions: In Sectio

n A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers.

At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard.
1. A. Mike is not in at the moment. C. She will go and check. 2. A. He is at his office. C. He is in hospital. B. Hang up, please. D. You called the wrong number. B. He is at lunch. D. He is at the bakery.

3. A. They weren’t able to see the movie last night. B. They bought two tickets for today’s movie. C. They enjoyed the beach more. D. They didn’t go to the beach, but rented a video at home. 4. A. Unaffected. B. Apologetic. C. Excited. D. Disappointed

5. A. It was impossible for him to come to the party. B. He stayed home to study for his exam. C. Everybody was surprised by his attendance at the party. D. He had expected to come to the party for a long time. 6. A. Both shirts are made exactly the same. B. It doesn’t matter which shirt he gets. C. He shouldn’t get either one. D. She doesn’t like either shirt. 7. A. Give him a map. B. Cut his hair for him.

C. Drive him to the lake. 8. A. A party invitation. C. A tour of the house. 9. A. She was Sally Harrison’s cousin. friend. C. She was Sally Harrison’s sister. 10. A. In a gymnasium. C. In a shoe-repair shop. Section B

D. Show him another route. B. To buy a house. D. Something warm to drink. B. She was Sally Harrison’s

D. She was Sally Harrison. B. In a department store. D. At a track.

Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked

three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard.
Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. 11. A. In Spain. C. In France. 12. A. that they lie in the sun B. that they have their lessons outdoors C. that they wear very little in winter D. that they do quite a lot of exercise 13. A. To treat diseases. B. To cure children’s cold. C. To make people look brown. D. To avoid the danger of too much sunshine. B. In Italy. D. In Sweden.

Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage. 14. A. To look for birds. C. To see the degree of the damage 15. B. To reduce the damage. D. To rescue the mother and her kids.

A. She took her children to a safe place.

B. She used her body to protect her kids C. She was not afraid of fire. D. She was willing to die. 16. A. A big fire in forest. C. Birds, our friend. Section C Directions: In Section C, you will hear one longer conversation. The conversations B. The strength of love D. The life and death.

will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet.
Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN ONEWORDS for each answer.

The advantages for Helen to take the subway ? ? ? ? Can __17__ up half an hour later. Can have breakfast at___18___ It’s so convenient since her office is near the__19__. Not have to wait in all___20___for buses.

II. Grammar and Vocabulary (25%) Section A Directions: After reading the passages below, fill in the blanks to make the passages

coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank.
( A ) Count to three and rip(撕) it off as fast as you can—this is how most people remove a band-aid(创可贴). (21)_____ _____ _____ fast you do it, it’s still going to be painful. That’s for sure. Or is it?

A group of American scientists from Boston have just developed a band-aid that can be taken off without causing pain, reports the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Traditional band-aids are supposed to break apart (22)_____ the skin meets the glue, which is what makes taking them off so painful. But the new band-aid has an extra layer that sits (23)_____ the glue and the backing. When you tear off the band-aid, you remove the backing and middle layers, leaving the glue behind. The glue (24)_____ then be simply rubbed off with one’s fingers or left to fall off naturally. Importantly, this process is pain-free. This is not the first time scientists (25)_____(try) to solve this problem. But methods they tried in the past led to band-aids that were (26)_____(sticky) and therefore didn’t stay on for long. The Boston study was first aimed at helping babies (27)_____ skin is too delicate for standard band-aids. But adults with sensitive skin might also enjoy the benefits. ( B ) While income worry is rather a common problem of the aged, loneliness is another problem that aged parents may face. Of all the reasons _____28_____ explain their loneliness, a large geographical distance between parents and their children is the major one. This phenomenon is commonly known as “Empty Nest Syndrome” (空巢综合 症). In order to seek _____29_____ (good) chances outside their countries, many young people have gone abroad, _____30_____ (leave) their parents behind with no clear idea of when they will return home. Their parents spend countless lonely days and nights taking care of themselves, in the hope that someday their children will come back to stay with them. The fact ____31____ most of these young people have gone to Europeanized or Americanized societies makes it unlikely that they will hold as tightly to the value of duty _____32_____ they would have if they had not left their countries. Whatever the case, it has been noted that the values they hold do not necessarily match _____33_____ they actually do. This geographical and cultural

distance also prevents the grown-up children from providing timely response _____34______ the needs of their aged parents. The situation in which grown-up children live far away from their aged parents _____35_____ (describe) as “distant parent phenomenon”, ____36_____ is common both in developed countries and in developing countries. Our society has not yet been well prepared for “Empty Nest Syndrome”.

Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word

can only be used once.
A. challenged F. further survival

Note that there is one word more than you need.
C. deserves H. industrial D. heated E. topic J.

B. functions G. urge

I. visiting

“In wilderness is the preservation of the world.” This is a famous saying from a writer regarded as one of the fathers of environmentalism. The frequency with which it is borrowed mirrors a 37 debate on environmental protection: whether to place

wilderness at the heart of what is to be preserved. As John Sauven of Greenpeace UK points out, there is a strong appeal in images of the wild, the untouched; more than anything else, they speak of the nature that many people value most dearly. The 38 to leave the subject of such images

untouched is strong, and the danger exploitation brings to such landscapes is real. Some of these wildernesses also perform 39 that humans need—the rainforests,

for example, store carbon in vast quantities. Lee Lane, a 40 fellow at the Hudson Institute, takes the opposing view. He

acknowledges that wildernesses do provide useful services, such as water conservation. But that is not, he argues, a reason to avoid all human presence, or indeed commercial and 41 exploitation. There are ever more people on the Earth, and they reasonably 42 .

and rightfully want to have better lives, rather than merely struggle for

While the ways of using resources have improved, there is still a growing need for raw materials, and some wildernesses contain them in abundance. If they can be tapped without reducing the services those wildernesses provide, the argument goes, there is no 43 reason not to do so. Being untouched is not, in itself, a characteristic

worth valuing above all others. I look forward to seeing these views taken further, and to their being 44 by

the other participants. One opinion is that both cases need to take on the question of spiritual value a little more directly. And there is a practical question as to whether wildernesses can be exploited without harm. This is a 45 that calls for not only free expression of feelings, but also

the guidance of reason. What position wilderness should enjoy in the preservation of the world obviously deserves much more serious thinking.

III. Reading comprehension Section A

(30%)

Directions: For each blank in the following passage, there are four words marked A,

B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context.
Winston Churchill began his love affair with painting in his 40s, under disastrous circumstances. _____46____ First Lord of the Admiralty (海军) in 1915, he was deeply involved in a campaign in Dardanelles that could have _____47____the course of a bloody world war. _____48____when the mission failed, with great loss of life, he paid price

both publicly and privately. He was _____49_____from the admiralty. “Defeated by the failure, I thought he would _____50_____grief,” said his wife, Clementine. He retired with his family to Hoe Farm. There, as Churchill later

recalled, “The inspiration of painting came to my _____51_____!” After the war, painting would offer deep _____52_____when, in 1921, the death of mother was followed two months later by the _____53____of his beloved daughter, Marigold. Hit by grief, Churchill stayed at the home of friends in Scotland, finding

comfort in his painting. He wrote to Clementine: “I went out and painted a beautiful river in the afternoon light with golden hills in the _____54_____. I keep feeling the hurt of losing Marigold”. Historians have called the decade after 1929, when the Conservative government fell and Churchill was _____55_____, his wilderness years. Politically he may have been wandering in waste places, a lonely fighter trying to awaken Britain to the threat of Hitler, but artistically that wilderness bore great fruit. 46. A. For 47. A. delayed 48. A. Because 49. A. removed 50. A. persist in 51. A. rescue 52. A. passion 53. A. loss 54. A. book 55. A. out of date office Section B Directions: Read the following four passages. Each passage is followed by several B. As B. advanced B. For B. moved B. hold on B. view B. comfort B. recovery B. background B. in office C. With C. improved C. But C. appointed C. put up C. grief C. emotion C. failure C. back C. in power D. To D. shortened D. Since D. obtained D. die of D. belief D. confidence D. success D. album D. out of

questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read.
(A) The owner of an Alabama Chinese restaurant named “Good Friend” shot at a customer who complained about a bug in her egg roll Thursday night. The bullet narrowly missed 20-year-old Birmingham resident Jatari Walker who told the Daily News she is scarred by the entire experience. “I can’t sleep,” she said Saturday afternoon. “And since it happened I’ve had no appetite.”

Walker ordered a combination platter(大浅盘) and egg roll from the Good Friend Chinese and Seafood Restaurant on Dennison Ave. Thursday evening. After paying her $7 bill she went back to her car and discovered a fly inside. “I thought I need to take this back,” she said. The customer went back and asked for a repayment and said the owner Chun Hin Ching, 52, was unhappy with her because she announced her discovery in front of other customers. After an argument he repaid the money and Walker — who is now a former frequent customer of the business — turned and walked to the exit. That’s when Ching drew a handgun and fired a single shot over her head. “He just shot the gun at me and I ran,” she said, adding she could feel the bullet whiz past her head. Birmingham Police Department spokesman Lt. Sean Edwards told the News the owner was charged with attempted murder and was transported to Jefferson County Jail on $100,000 bail(保释金). Police believe Ching intended to hit Walker with the bullet and missed, Edwards said. The bullet hit the top of the door frame of the take-out business. Ching did not tell police why he fired at Walker, Edwards said. Edwards said he did not recall any previous problems at the business. He said Ching did not say why he had a weapon but added it was not uncommon for stores in that neighborhood. No one was injured from the gunshot, Edwards said. Calls placed to the restaurant Saturday afternoon were not answered. 56. What happened on Thursday night in Good Friend Chinese and Seafood Restaurant? A. A fire broke out but luckily no one was injured. B. The restaurant owner refused to repay the money. C. The egg rolls caused sickness among some customers. D. A young woman narrowly escaped being killed by a bullet. 57. Why did Walker go back to the restaurant after buying the food? A. Because she left her car key in the restaurant.

B. Because she discovered a fly in the egg roll. C. Because she forgot to take the combination platter. D. Because she found the owner charged her too much. 58. The restaurant owner fired on Walker when ______. A. she was about to leave C. she asked for a repayment B. she was arguing with him D. she announced her discovery

( B ) Stephen Glenn is a famous American research scientist who has made several very important medical breakthroughs. Many people were dying to know the secrets to his fantastic achievements. To unveil the mystery, a newspaper reporter interviewed him asking why he was able to be so much more creative than the average person. What set him so far apart from others? Having assumed to hear wordings like innate curiosity for science or hard work, the reporter was surprised to have him respond that, in his opinion, it all came from an experience with his mother that occurred when he was about four years old. He had been trying to remove a bottle of milk from the refrigerator when he lost his grip on the slippery bottle and it fell, spilling its contents all over the kitchen floor - a real sea of milk! When his mother came into the kitchen, instead of shouting at him, giving him a lecture or chastising him, she said, "Steve, what a great and wonderful mess you have made! I have rarely seen such a huge pond of milk. Well, the damage has already been done. Would you like to get down and play in the milk for a few minutes before we clean it up?" Indeed, he did. After a few minutes, his mother said, "You know, Steve, whenever you make a mess like this, eventually you have to clean it up and restore everything to its proper order. So, how would you like to do that? We could use a sponge, a towel or a mop. Which do you prefer?" He chose the sponge and together they cleaned up the spilled milk.

His mother then said, "You know, what we have here is a failed experiment in how to effectively carry a big milk bottle with two tiny hands. Let's go out in the back yard and fill the bottle with water and see if you can discover a way to carry it without dropping it." The little boy learned that if he grasped the bottle at the top near the lip with both hands, he could carry it without dropping it. What a wonderful lesson! This renowned scientist then remarked that it was at that moment that he knew he didn't need to be afraid to make mistakes. Instead, he learned that mistakes were just opportunities for learning something new, which is, after all, what scientific experiments are all about. Even if the experiment ‘doesn't work,’ we usually learn something valuable from it. Wouldn't it be great if all parents would respond the way Steve's mother responded to him?

59. According to the passage, a newspaper interviewed Stephen Glenn in order to ______. A. persuade him to treat some dying patients B. find out his differences with ordinary people C. hear about his opinions about medical science D. know about why he was so successful

60. According to the passage, the underlined word ‘chastise’ is closest in meaning to ______. A. pursuing B. punishing C. praising D. educating

61. According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true? A. Steve spilled the milk bottle to make a milk sea on purpose. B. Steve’s mother allowed him to play some time with the spilled milk. C. Steve’s mother let him choose the tool himself to clean up the milk D. Steve’s mother led him to try out ways to tightly hold the milk bottle.

62. What ordinary mothers can learn from Steve’s mother is that ______. A. never put milk bottle where little kids can get hold of B. appreciation of kids’ behaviours is important to their growth C. mothers should teach kids to learn from their own mistakes D. kids should learn to become scientists from childhood.

( C ) Like many other small boys, I was fascinated by cars, especially because my oldest brother was a bit of a car guy and subscribed to cool magazines like Car and Driver and Motor Trend. Every so often, one of those magazines would run an article on the “Car of the Future”. They featured unconventional things like small nuclear reactors as power sources. Yet, frankly, my car doesn’t do anything that my brother’s Studebaker didn’t do. It goes, it stops, it burns gasoline. I still have to steer it, and it still runs into things if I don’t steer it carefully. But guess what? All of these things are likely to change in the not-so-distant future. It may not burn gasoline, I may not have to steer it, and it may be a lot better at not running into things. Airbags aren’t the be-all and end-all in safety. In fact, considering the recent news about people occasionally being killed by their airbags in low-speed crashes, they obviously still need some development. But they aren’t going away, and in fact, you can expect to see cars appearing with additional, side-impact airbags, something some European car manufacturers already offer. Better than systems to minimize injury in the event of an accident, however, are systems that minimize the likelihood of an accident happening in the first place? Future cars may be able to remove many of the major causes of accidents, including drunk-driving, and tailgating (与前车距离过近). Cars could be equipped with sensors that can detect alcohol in a driver’s system and prevent the car from being started, for example. As early as next year, you’ll be able to buy cars with radar-equipped

control systems. If the radar determines you’re closing too quickly with the car in front, it will ease up on the throttle(油门). Scientists are now working on a system that can brake, accelerate and steer a vehicle down a highway on its own. Will cars eventually be able to drive themselves? 63. The author was fascinated by cars because ________. A. other small boys liked to own a car of their own, too B. his oldest brother loved to take him to places in his car C. he read untraditional things about cars in his brother’s magazines D. he often booked cool car magazines himself 64. Which of the following statements is true of airbags? A. They are in need of further improvement. B. They are going to disappear gradually. C. They are a standard feature of European cars. D. They kill people instead of protecting them in low-speed crashes. 65. According to the author, what will future cars do if the sensors detect alcohol in the driver’s system? A. They will give a warning in advance. C. They will brake automatically. B. They will ease up on the throttle. D. They will not start.

第 II 卷(共 25 分) I. Translation: (15%) Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words or phrases

given in the brackets.
1. 尽管费用昂贵,他父母还是送他去了国外。(despite)

2.吃水果和蔬菜比吃肉好。 (It)

3. 我第一次写英语作文时犯了许多拼写错误。 (make)

4.那些成功的人会获得真正的成就感。 (receive)

5.由于环境污染,越来越多的动物种类在灭绝。 (extinct)

II. Guided Writing: (10%) Directions: Write an English composition in 120-150 words according to the

instructions given below in Chinese.
记一次你最难忘的课外活动(比如竞赛、艺术节、运动会、春游、参观、晚会?), 并 说明这次活动为什么难忘。 (注意:短文中不得出现考生姓名、校名及其他相关信息,否则不予评分。)

金山中学 2015 学年度第一学期高二年级英语学科期中考试卷 参考答案 I. Listening Comprehension 1-5: CBACD 17. get 6-10: BDCCB (20%) 11-13: DAA 14-16:CBB

18. home 19. station 20. weathers

II. Grammar& Vocabulary Section A (16 分)

(25%)

21. No matter how 22. where 23. between 24. can 25. have tried 26. less sticky 27. whose 28. that/which 29. better 30.leaving 31. that 32. as 33. what 34. to

35. is described 36. which

Section B

(9 分)

37-45 D G B I H J F A E

III. Reading Comprehension (30%) Section A (10 分) 51—55: ABABD

46---50: BDCAD

Section B

(20 分)

( A ): 56—58:D B A ( B ): 59—62: D B A C ( C ): 63—65 C A D

I. Translation

(15%)

2. 尽管费用昂贵,他父母还是送他去了国外。(despite) Despite the expense, his parents still sent him abroad. 2.吃水果和蔬菜比吃肉好。 (It) It is better to eat fruit (s) and vegetables than to eat meat 3. 我第一次写英语作文时犯了许多拼写错误。 (make)

The first time I wrote an English composition, I made a lot of spelling mistakes. 4.那些成功的人会获得真正的成就感。 (receive) Those who are successful(will)receive a real sense of achievement. 5.由于环境污染,越来越多的动物种类在灭绝。 (extinct) Because of environmental pollution, more(and more) species of animals are becoming extinct .


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