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必修一 Nelson Mandela—a modern hero测试(带解析)


(必修一· Unit 5)
Ⅰ.单项填空 1. The manager, knowing his factory's products were poor in ________, decided to give his workers further training. A.quantity B.amount C.deal D.quality 答案与解析:D

本题考查名词辨析。句意:经理知道他工厂的产品质量差,于是决定 对工人进行进一步的培训。从语境看,产品质量差符合语境,故选 D。 2.Don't ________.You will ________ new customs and different ways of thinking. A.lose your heart; apply to B.lose heart; apply yourself to C.lose your heart; adapt to D.lose heart; adapt yourself to 答案与解析:D 句意:不要泄气。你会适应这些新风俗和不同思维方式的。lose heart 意为“气馁,泄气”;adapt oneself to 意为“适应??”。 3.He was deeply struck by the natural beauty of the West Lake ________ he went to Hangzhou. A.at the first time B.the first time C.for the first time D.at the first time when 答案与解析:B 本题考查 the first time 用作连词的用法。句意:他第一次到达杭州时 被西湖美丽的自然景色深深地吸引了。 first time 用作连词, the 意为“第一次??的时候”。 4.________ you work more efficiently are you able to catch up with others in the class. A.Only when B.Long before C.Unless D.Until 答案与解析:A 本题考查 only+状语引导的倒装结构。由于后面主句 are you able to catch up with others...采用了倒装语序,因此应选择 A。“only+状语从句”放在句首时,主 句用倒装语序,但应注意 when 从句不倒装。 5.The computer,________ help we human beings have stepped into the information age, should be regarded as one of the most important inventions in the 20th century. A.which B.whose C.with its D.with whose 答案与解析:D whose 指代 the computer's,在句中作定语修饰 help,with one's help 意 为“在某人的帮助下”。 6.Though he killed a boy,he was ________ to 20 years' imprisonment instead of death because of his good attitude and active help in breaking the case. A.sentenced B.reported C.given D.attacked 答案与解析:A be sentenced to imprisonment 为固定搭配,意为“被判入狱”。 7.If you fight ________ a better future,first of all,you should fight ________ the difficulties. A./; for B.against; with C.for; with D.with; / 答案与解析: fight for“为争取??而战”; C fight with“与??作战”均为固定搭配。 8.People should avoid staying overnight in the open air in places ________ mosquitoes gather and take protective measures. A.whose B.which C.when D.where 答案与解析:D 关系副词 where 引导定语从句,先行词为 places,其中 where 在从句

中充当地点状语。 9.—He says he has an uncle living in Taiwan. —Nonsense!________,his father doesn't have brothers at all. A.More or less B.As a matter of fact C.In addition D.At least 答案与解析:B as a matter of fact 相当于 in fact,意为“事实上”。 10.The media today can draw public attention to situations ________ help is actually needed. A.why B.while C.where D.whose 答案与解析:C 先行词为 situations,定语从句中缺少地点状语,故关系副词用 where。 11.The police ________ roadblocks on routes out of the city to prevent the criminal from escaping. A.set up B.set back C.set down D.set aside 答案与解析:A set up“设立;建立”符合题意。set back“阻碍”;set down“写下, 记下”;set aside“留下”。 12.I ________ my father to give up smoking,but he didn't think it necessary. A.advised B.hoped C.persuaded D.suggested 答案与解析:A advise sb. to do sth.“劝说某人做某事”。hope 和 suggest 后不能接复 合宾语形式;persuade“说服”,与题意不符。 13.One of the aims of the group is to initiate proposals that contribute to ________ opportunities for women in education and the labor market. A.right B.even C.equal D.just 答案与解析:C equal“平等的”。right“正确的”;even“平的”;just“正义的”。 14.The famous scientist ________ a dinner party will be held tonight is to arrive soon. A.in honour of him B.in his honour C.in whose honour D.in which honour 答案与解析:C 本题为 in one's honor 短语和定语从句的综合考查。whose 指代 the scientist's。 15.She started singing to the baby and was ________ with a smile. A.awarded B.rewarded C.prized D.valued 答案与解析:B be rewarded with a smile“报之以微笑”。reward sb. with sth.“用?? 回报某人”为固定短语,此处为其被动形式。 Ⅱ.完形填空 I stood by and watched her and her mother busily decorating her college dormitory.Everything was in place,__1__ boxes under the bed and photos of her dearest friends on the wall.I closely monitored that this time things were __2__.I began to accept that her room at home is no longer __3__.It is now ours,our room for her when she visits. I __4__ myself thinking of when I held her in my arms sitting in a chair by my wife's hospital __5__.One day old.So small,so beautiful,so perfect,so totally reliant on her new,untested parents.My life changed from the day I drove this little baby home from the __6__.I saw myself different that day,__7__. The last few days __8__ she left for college,I touched her face—anything—__9__ that when my wife and I returned home,she would not be with us and there would be __10__ to touch.I had so much to say,but no words with which to say it. Suddenly she looked up,__11__ me staring at her,which caused her to say to her mother, “Mom,Dad's looking at me funny.” She then said,“It'll be __12__,Dad.I'll be home from school soon.” I told her she would have a __13__ year.But I said little else.I was __14__

that I would say something too small for what I was feeling,__15__ I only held onto our goodbye hug a little longer,a little __16__. My wife's eyes followed her as she left us.Mine did not.I __17__ she hadn't gone.I knew that the life she was going __18__ was exciting and wonderful.I remembered what the world looked like to me when everything was __19__. On the way back home,my eyes were wet and my heart was sore,and I realized that my __20__ was changed forever. 1.A.with B.in C.by D.on 2.A. important B.enjoyable C.convenient D.different 3.A.mine B.hers C.ours D.theirs 4.A.sent B.stopped C.found D.set 5.A.desk B.wall C.room D.bed 6.A.kindergarten B.hospital C.school D.park 7.A.neither B.either C.other D.too 8.A.before B.after C.since D.when 9.A.wondering B.saying C.knowing D.showing 10.A.nothing B.everything C.anything D.something 11.A.observing B.catching C.watching D.keeping 12.A.bad B.wrong C.fine D.right 13.A.whole B.comfortable C.difficult D.great 14.A.aware B.afraid C.sure D.sorry 15.A.but B.for C.so D.and 16.A.better B.tighter C.happier D.nearer 17.A. imagined B.thought C.guessed D.expected 18.A.across B.by C.towards D.over 19.A.good B.bright C.new D.perfect 20.A. life B.heart C.dream D.belief 答案与解析: 本文是一篇夹叙夹议的文章。 作者十分喜爱自己的女儿, 在女儿离家去上大学的那一刻, 作者万分痛苦, 浮想联翩。 文章用细腻的文笔淋漓尽致地刻画了作者当时对女儿恋恋不舍的 心情。

1.A 此处用的是介词 with 的复合结构。 2.D 联系上下文可知,作者的女儿已上大学,此处表示作者注意到这一次的事情和 以前不同了,因此答案选 D。 3.B 从“It is now ours,our room for her when she visits.”可知,此处表示“女儿的房 间已不再属于她了”,故答案选 B。 4.C 作者舍不得自己心爱的女儿离开,“发觉”自己在回想过去,因此答案选 C。 5.D 一般情况下妻子生完孩子后,丈夫会在床边看孩子,因此答案选 D。 6.B 从上文“by my wife's hospital __5__”可推断出, 作者是从医院把孩子接回家的, 所以答案选 B。 7.D 从那天起,作者自己“也”发生了变化,故答案选 D。干扰项为 B,either 用于 否定句中。 8.A 从文章首句可知,作者的女儿已上大学,这里叙述的是女儿上大学前的事,所 以答案选 A。 9. 第二个破折号后的内容是解释“I touched her face”的原因。 C 答案选 C, know“意 识到”。 10.A 由上文提到的“I touched her face—anything”可知,当回家后,女儿不在身边, 作者就没有抚摸的对象了,所以答案选 A。 11.B 从“Suddenly she looked up”可知,女儿发觉作者在目不转睛地看着她,故答 案选 B。其他选项都表示有目的地观察,不符合句意。 12.C 从下文“I'll be home from school soon.”可知,女儿是在安慰作者,一切都会 “好”的,因此答案选 C。 13. D 依据下文“exciting and wonderful”可知, 作者认为女儿上大学的第一年会“非 常愉快的”,所以答案选 D。 14.B 作者“担心”自己的话语不足以表达当时的心情,所以答案选 B。 15.C 作者无法用语言表达自己的情感,“因此”就紧紧地拥抱着自己的女儿。此处 表示因果关系,故答案选 C。 16.B 因为作者对女儿非常依恋,所以拥抱得“更紧”。其他选项均不符合句意。 17.A 前句交代作者自己没有目送女儿,此处应是作者“想象”女儿还没有走。因此 答案选 A。think “想”;guess“猜想”;expect“期待”,均不符合句意。 18.C 由语境可知,女儿将要面对的生活既刺激又美妙。答案选 C。“she was going towards”是定语从句,修饰先行词 life。 19.C 作者记得当自己面对“新”的一切时,世界是什么样子。其他选项均不符合句 意。 20.A 联系全文可知,作者一直在感叹女儿上大学对自己的影响,此处应表示自己的 生活将会永远改变,故答案选 A。 Ⅲ.阅读理解 For years we have been told that encouraging a child's selfrespect is important to his or her success in life. But child experts are now learning that too much praise can lead to the opposite effect,Praiseaholic_kids who expect it at every turn may become teens who seek the same kind of approval from their friends when asked if they want to go in the backseat of the car. The implication (含义)of saying “You are the prettiest girl in class,” or talking about the goals she scored but not her overall effort,is that you love her only when she looks the best, scores the highest,achieves the most.And this carries over to the classroom. Social psychologist Carol Dweck,PhD,tested the effects of overpraise on 400 fifth graders while she was at Columbia University.She found that kids praised for “trying hard” did better on tests and were more likely to take on difficult assignments than those praised for being “smart”. “Praising attributes (品质) or abilities makes a false promise that success will come to you because you have that quality, and it devalues effort,so children are afraid to take on challenges,” says Dweck,now at Stanford University.“They figure they'd better quit while they're ahead.”

1.The underlined words “Praiseaholic kids” refer to kids who are ________. A.tired of being praised B.worthy of being praised C.very proud of being praised D.extremely fond of being praised 答案与解析:D 猜测词义题。根据本句可知这些孩子希望在每一个场合都得到称赞, 故选 D。 2.The author quoted (引用) Dr.Dweck's words in the last paragraph in order to make the article________. A.betterknown B.betterorganized C.more persuasive D.more interesting 答案与解析:C 推理判断题。作者引用 Dr.Dweck 的话目的是为了使文章更具说服力。 故选 C。 3.We can infer from the passage that ________. A.praise for efforts should be more encouraged B.praise for results works better than praise for efforts C.praising a child's achievements benefits his or her success in life D.praising a child's abilities encourages him or her to take on challenges 答案与解析:A 推理判断题。 根据第三段第二句可知, 表扬孩子们 trying hard 比 smart 效果要好,因此应该多表扬孩子们做出的努力。


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