试卷类型：A 2014 届广州市高三年级调研测试
I 语言知识及应用(共两节，满分 45 分) 第一节完形填空 (共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 1～15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选项，并在 答题卡上将该项涂黑。 If you give employees the right to t
elework, be careful! The verytechnology that enables working from home could be 1 its value to your company. Although productivitymay increase in the short term, working from home may prevent yourteams from working 2 . While remote workers may indeed be happier, more carefree and 3 ,that doesn’t mean it’s good for their 4 . Acompany is more than just the work that needs to be done, plus theworkers who are there to do it. A healthy organization has a 5 that allows the sharing of values and ideas andthe 6 ofcompetitive spirit that allows a company to be flexible andcreative. However, working from home can fail to motivate remote workers inthe same way as a/an 7 company environment. As aresult, companies 8 — despite the increases in productivity andhappiness that come with teleworking. In work environments where co-workers socialize and have 9 lunchtime chats, some real learning gets done. Alot of information 10 takes place, which allows the very same workersto increase their 11 to the organization. There is something 12 about spending the time together, about sharingmeals, about 13 ideas, and about asking. Magical or not, the fact remains that teleworking generally doesn’twork well. As technological change 14 and marketplace pressures increase, companiesneed to become more flexible and creative, just to keepup. Strange as it sounds, the very technology that made teleworking areal option is now requiring workers to remain in the 15 .
1. A.testing B.destroying 2. A.effectively
D. assessing D.separately
3. A.attentive 4. A.workers 5. A.leader 6. A.sense
B.talkative B.companies B.rule B.cost
C.productive C.health C.party
D. family D. culture
D. lack C.special D.shared D.expand D.planned D. search D.disappointment
7. A. independent B.different 8. A.develop 9. A.official 10. A.exchange 11. A.availability 12. A.reasonable 13. A.discussing 14. A.varies 15. A.place B.survive
C.suffer C.required C.gap C.value
B.regular B.technology B.damage B.magical B.changing B.differs B.house
C.psychological D. typical C.welcoming C.accelerates C.distance D.selling D. stops D.office
第二节语法填空 (共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文，按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求，在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用 括号中词语的正确形式填空，并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 16～25 的相应位置上。 Robert Burns is the most famous poet to write in Scots, thetraditional language of Scotland. Born in Ayrshire, Scotland to a poor farming family, his parentsmade sure that he was well educated as a child. In 1783 he startedcomposing poetry 16 a traditional style using the Ayrshire dialect ofScots. These poems were well received 17 (local) and in 1786 they were published in thevolume, Poems, Chiefly, 18 made him famous in Scotlandovernight. 19 , his fame was notaccompanied by money and he found 20 necessary to return to farming. 21 this also proved unprofitable, he enteredgovernment service in 1789.
He died at the age of 37 as a result of a weak heart, brought on byyears of poor working conditions on the farm 22 (date) back to his childhood. Within a short timeof his death, money started pouring in from all over Scotland 23 (support) his widow andchildren. Today, his memory 24 (celebrate) by Burns clubs across the world andhis birthday is 25 unofficial “NationalDay” for Scots and those with Scottish ancestry, celebrated withBurns suppers.
II 阅读(共两节，满分 50 分) 第一节阅读理解 (共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Michael J. “Crocodile Dundee” (also called Mick), played by PaulHogan, is the main character in the fictional Crocodile Dundee filmseries consisting of Crocodile Dundee, Crocodile DundeeII, and Crocodile Dundee in Los Angeles. The characteris a crocodile hunter, hence the nickname. In the first film, Crocodile Dundee, Mick is visited by aNew York reporter, Sue Charlton, who travels to Australia toinvestigate a report she heard of a crocodile hunter, who had hisleg bitten off by a crocodile in the outback. The hunter supposedlywalked more than a hundred miles back to civilization andmiraculously survived his injuries. However, by the time she meetshim, the story turns out to be a somewhat exaggerated legend wherethe “bitten-off leg” turns out to be just being some bad scarringon his leg; a “love bite” as Mick calls it. Still intriguedby the idea of “Crocodile Dundee”, Sue continues with the story.They travel together out to where the incident occurred, and followhis route through the bush to the nearest hospital. Despite hisold-fashioned views, the pair eventually become close, especiallyafter Mick saves Sue from a crocodile attack. Feeling there isstill more to the story, Sue invites Mick back to New York withher, as his first trip to a city (or “first trip anywhere,” asDundee says). The rest of the film depicts Dundee as a “fish out ofwater,” showing how, despite his expert knowledge of livingoutdoors, he knows little of city life. Mick meets Sue’s boyfriend,Richard, but they do not get along. By the end of the film, Mick ison his way home, lovesick, when Sue realizes she loves Mick, too,and not Richard. She runs to the subway station to stop Mick fromleaving and, by passing on messages through the packed-to-the-gillscrowd, she tells him she won’t marry Richard, and she loves himinstead. With the help of the other people in the subway, Mick andSue have a loving reunion as the film ends.
26.Which of the following statements is true aboutMick? A.He is a crocodile hunter living in Los Angeles. B.He is based on a real person in Australia. C.He got his nickname because of his job. D.He wrote a film series about himself. 27.In the film Crocodile Dundee, Mick________. A.pretends he was bitten by a crocodile B.urges Sue Charlton to write his life story C.hasn’t been abroad before his trip to America D.shows Sue Charlton around the town he lives in 28.The underlined word “intrigued” in Paragraph 2 is closest inmeaning to ________. A.annoyed B.interested C.troubled D. surprised
29.When in New York, Mick ________. A.makes friends withRichard C.feels excited about living in a bigcity life B. makes full use of his bush skills D. doesn’t know how to fit into city
30.The film Crocodile Dundee can be best described as________. A. aromanticstory C. asciencefiction B. an action movie D. a frightening story
B Silkproduction has a long and colourful history unknown to most people.Scientific discoveries have shown that silk production existed inChina from around 2500 B.C., although it could be much older. Forhundreds of years, China kept the secret of silk to itself as onefor the most closely protected secrets in history. Anyone revealingthe secret of silkworms or trying to take silkworm eggs out ofancient China was punished by death.
Atone time silk was reserved only for the Chinese emperor. Gradually,others began wearing silk. In addition to being used for clothing,silk came to have industrial uses in ancient China, something thathappened in the West only in modern times. Silk was used to makemusical instruments, fishing lines, weapons, ropes and even paper.During the Han Dynasty silk became a form of money. Farmers paidtaxes in both rice and silk. The prices of goods were calculated inlengths of silk just as they had once been calculated in gold. Theimportance of silk is even reflected in the Chinese language. Forexample, of the 5000 most common Chinese characters, around 500have silk as their “key”. Inspite of their secrecy, the Chinese eventually lost their monopolyon silk production. It reached Korea in around 200 B.C. whenimmigrants from China arrived there. Silk production came to Indiain 300 A.D.. It was not until 500 A.D. that silk production came toEurope when travellers smuggled out silkworms in hollowtubes of bamboo. These were used to establish silk industry in Rome(modern-day Italy), although Chinese silk was still considered tobe the best. Silkwas brought to Rome from China by means of the Silk Road. Therewere actually two Silk Roads, one over land and one on the sea. Theland route in particular had a huge effect in history. All sorts oftrade goods — silver, gold, jade, porcelain — passed along thisroad. Ideas travelled the Silk Road too. For example the religionof Buddhism was carried to China from India by traders on the SilkRoad. The Silk Road created the first international culture,exposing many people to the ideas and treasures of both Western andChinese cultures.
31.How was China able to keep the secret of silkproduction? A.It refused to sell its silk to other countries. B.Foreigners were not permitted to enter China. C.The silkworms needed were not able to survive outsideChina. D.Chinese passing on the secret to foreigners were seriouslypunished. 32.Which of the following uses of silk is NOT mentioned in thepassage? A. Away of purchasing goods people sold. B. Amaterial used for making different products. C. Amethod of paying money to the government. D. Avaluable gift given to foreigners travelling inChina.
33.In what order did silk production spread throughout the worldaccording to the passage? A.Europe à India à Korea àChina. C.China à India à Korea àEurope. B. China à Korea à India à Europe. D. China à Europe à India à Korea.
34.The underlined phrase “smuggled out” in Paragraph 3 is closest inmeaning to ________. A.quietly traded C.illegallytransported 35.Which of the following is true about the SilkRoad? A.It allowed for economic and cultural exchanges betweencountries. B.It made China the most powerful country in the ancientworld. C.It could only be completed by travellers with access to aboat. D.It was first developed for transferring religiousideas. B. openly removed D. violently stole
C Itis one of the most annoying words in the English language and itseems there is no escaping it. The word “huh?” is in worldwide use,a study found. Researchersdiscovered that languages spoken in countries from Ghana and Laosto Iceland and Italy all include “huh?”, or something that soundsvery like it. They said that while the study may sound silly, theword is an absolutely necessary part of speech. Without it andsimilar words, it would be impossible to show that we haven’t heardor understood what had been said and this would lead to constantmisunderstandings. Butwhile other words used in the same context, such as “sorry” or“what”, vary widely across languages, “huh?” remainsunchanged. TheDutch researchers carefully studied ten languages from around theworld, including Siwu, which is spoken in Ghana, and an AustralianAboriginal language, as well as Italian, Spanish, Dutch andMandarin Chinese. Theyanalysed tapes of recorded conversations for words that soundedlike “huh?” and were used to request that whatever had just beensaid be repeated. All contained a version of “huh?”. The word wasalso found in another 21 languages. While there were subtledifferences in each country, all sounded basically thesame.
Thisis surprising because normally unrelated languages will use verydifferent words to describe the same thing. For instance, theJapanese for “dog” is “inu”, while the French is “chien”. It isthought that languages around the world have developed their ownversion of “huh?” because the sound is quick and simple to form, aswell as being easily understood. Theresearchers, said that it might seem unimportant to carry outscientific research into a word like “huh?” but in fact this littleword is an essential tool in human communication. They also have ananswer for those who claim that “huh?” isn’t a word. They say thatit qualifies because of the small differences in its pronunciationin different languages. It also can be considered a word becauseit’s something we learn to say, rather than a grunt or cry that weare born knowing how to make.
36.According to researchers, the word “huh?” is very important inspeech because of ________. A.its stable meaning in language development B.its important function in communication C.its simple and easy sound and spelling D.its popularity in every language 37.What is the natural response if you hear the lady you’re speakingto say “huh?”? A.You should ask her to repeat what she says beforethat. B.You should apologize to her for speaking in a lowvoice. C.You should invite her to share her different viewspolitely. D.You should try to repeat what you’ve just said in a clearerway. 38. The main methodused in the research of “huh?” was ________. A. interviewinglanguage experts in universities B. talking withpeople from ten different countries C. analyzing therecorded conversations in different languages D. comparingdifferent words with the same meaning in differentlanguages
39.According to researchers, “huh?” should be considered a word ratherthan a sound because ________. A.it is listed in most dictionaries B.it is something humans learn to say C.there is a clear and consistent spelling of theword D.there is a big difference in the way it pronounces in differentlanguages 40.What is the purpose of the passage? A.To inform readers about research on the worldwide used word“huh?”. B.To argue that “huh?” is the most important word in everylanguage. C.To entertain readers by relating similar idioms in differentlanguages. D.To instruct readers of the differences of “huh?” in differentlanguages.
D Everwonder how this season’s celebrations affect the environment? Guestblogger Krista Fairles takes an amusing look at this verytopic: Theholidays are a wonderful, cheerful time when most people wait forSanta to bring them presents. But I’m not like most people. I spendmy time wondering just what the environmental impacts of SantaClaus and his reindeer are, and more importantly, how I cancalculate those impacts. Lately I’ve beenparticularly curious as to whether Santa’s old sled is a cleangreen flying machine, or if he should be replacing his 8 reindeerwith an environmentally-friendly car. Ishould mention that, surprisingly, I was unable to find statisticsspecific to Santa’s magical flying reindeer, so these calculationsuse numbers from various sources and may not represent actualpollution caused by Santa and his animals. In other words, don’tcomplain to the government about the damage Santa is causing theenvironment based on this article. Santa’s yearly triparound the globe is 44,000km long, twice the average of a NorthAmerican driver. If we assume that the magic provides the altitudefor this trip,
then reindeer power only needs to push Santa’s sledforward. To complete the trip in 12 hours, I estimate they musttravel at a speed of about 3100km/h. To travel at this speed, forthis length of time, the reindeer need to eat an incredible 980million calories each!! Sothe next question is: how much food is in 980 million calories?Well, if they’re eating corn, they’d need to eat 16,500 lbs each —or 1.6 acres of food. Growing 12.8 acres of corn has its ownimplications for the environment that we’ll leave for anothercalculation. Wenow need to consider that during the global trip the reindeer are“letting out” some of that corn in the form of methane (甲烷，沼气). Aresting cow produces 110 kg of methane per year, so flying reindeerwould each let out about 4.8 tons. With methane causing 20 timesthe global warming damage of CO2, and the altitudeincreasing that damage by 1000% that another 20 times, we can putSanta’s round-trip emissions at 15,488 tons. This is much more thanthe 100 tons an environmentally-friendly car would release on thesame trip! BadSanta.
41.Which aspect does the writer NOT include in her analyses aboutreindeer’s influence on environment? A.Distancecovered. C.Tons of waste letout. B. Calories consumed. D. Money spent on food.
42.According to Paragraph 6, how many acres of corn would Santa needto feed 10 reindeer? A.1.6. B.16. C.12.8. D. 128.
43.Which of the following statements would the writer most probablyagree with? A.Christmas celebrations are really a waste ofmoney. B.Vegetarians are more likely to survive thanmeat-eaters. C.Raising animals has a negative influence onenvironment. D.The car industry does less harm to environment thanfarming. 44.Which of the following words best describes the language style ofthe passage? A.Humourous andconcerned. C.Academic andformal.
B. Cheerful and friendly. D. Serious and boring.
45.Which of the following is the best title for thispassage? A.Is Santa driving clean and green? B.Santa, watch where you’re going! C.Santa Claus is coming to town! D.Let’s reduce waste on Christmas celebrations!
第二节信息匹配 (共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分) 阅读下列应用文及相关信息，并按照要求匹配信息。请在答题卡上将对应题号的相应选项字母涂 黑。 首先请阅读关于不同月份天气特征的信息。 A. February – it’s one of the mostpleasant months of the year. Most days have clear, sunny skies andthe average temperature is a very cool 14°C. With an averagemonthly rainfall of only 20mm it is also one of the driestmonths. B. April – it’s a warm spring month withmoderate temperatures averaging around 21°C, and it is very wet,with 200mm rainfall on average for themonth. C. June – although it is the start ofsummer with average temperatures reaching a hot 28°C, you will notsee much sun as it is usually very cloudy. It is also one of thewettest months of the year with frequent rain and average monthlyrainfall of 240mm. D. August – it is the hottest month ofthe year with average temperatures of 30°C. Generally very sunnyduring the day, but with frequent heavy rain showers in the eveningthat make it the wettest month of the year with an average monthlyrainfall of 280mm. E. October – this mid-autumn month isstill pleasantly warm with average temperatures of 20°C. Days aremostly cloudy and overcast although rainfall levels are relativelylow, averaging 70mm for rain for themonth. F. December – it is one of the coldestmonths of the year with average temperatures of 13°C. Night can bevery cold. Mostly sunny, with a moderate average monthly rainfallof 60mm.
46.Corn – it requires a warm weather for strong and rapid growth. Asit needs very wet soil, choose a time when there will be plenty ofrain. High temperatures will cause corn to lose its sweetflavour.
47.Tomatoes – these popular plants are easy to grow as they can resistmost pests and diseases. They require low temperatures, plenty ofdirect sunlight and dry conditions for bestresults.
48.Onions – these are a cold-season crop, easy to grow in the rightconditions. They need a moderate amount of rain to keep the soildamp, but too much will cause them to rot. They should be plantedduring sunny period, as they grow best with plenty of directsunlight.
49.Eggplants – these are tropical or subtropical, hot-seasonvegetables that need lots of direct sunlight. They grow best whenthe weather is very hot and there is plenty of water in thesoil.
50.Potatoes – the taste of home-grown potatoes is far superior tostore bought ones. They need a mild to warm conditions andrelatively dry soil for best growth. They also require cloudy,overcast conditions for most of the time to preventsunburn.
III 写作(共两节，满分 40 分)
第一节 基础写作(共 1 小题，满分 15 分) 你是某国际学校学生会主席，要为一项活动写英文通知。 【写作内容】 请根据以下海报内容，拟一则英文通知。 拓展活动通知
主题：“我们是一家人” 目的：建立新班级成员之间的相互信任 对象：高一学生 时间：下周日 9:30-4:00 地点：越秀公园 内容：接力赛、营救游戏等。 注意事项：（1）穿运动服； （2）自备午餐和水。
如需请假，请于 1 月 20 日前发邮件至 firstname.lastname@example.org。 校学生会
*拓展活动：Outward Bound activity 【写作要求】 只能使用 5 个句子表达全部内容。 【评分标准】 句子结构准确，信息内容完整，篇章结构连贯。
第二节读写任务 (共 1 小题,满分 25 分) 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 The11.11 Shopping Festival, as the event is now called, occurs on theday known in China as Single’s Day, a holiday on which young peoplecry about or celebrate being single. Five years ago the shoppingwebsite Alibaba began promoting the day as a shopping festival, andit has now turned to be the country’s busiest day for onlinesellers, millions of shopping lovers and thousands of deliverycompanies. Every Nov. 11,millions of Chinese shoppers go to the e-commerce websites operatedby Alibaba Group Holding Ltd., which is the world’s largeste-commerce platform: The total value of goods sold last year byTaobao and Tmall, the company’s two main shopping sites, topped onetrillion yuan ($160 billion), larger than last year’s totals forAmazon.com and eBay combined. Butnot everyone likes shopping on that day. Chen Jing, a lawyer inBeijing, says, “Nobody knows what anything is really worth. Onlineshoppers are guided by shallow tips (“this is cheaper than that”)and vague emotions (“it just feels like a good deal”) rather thanknowledge and deliberate thinking.” Critics like Chen complain thatpeople believe the most popular day of the year to shop is the bestday of the year to buy anything. But the fact is that the prices ofmany items on that day are not the lowest of the year and usuallyshoppers buy lots of things they don’t need.
【写作内容】 1.以约 30 个词概括上文的主要内容。 2.以约 120 个词就“网络购物”的话题谈谈你的想法，内容包括： （1）你对文中所描述的网赂购物现象的看法；
（2）描述你或他人网络购物的经历； （3）说明网络购物时应注意的问题。 【写作要求】 1.作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但不得直接引用原文中 的句子。 2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 【评分标准】 概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，语篇连贯。
广州市 2014 届高三年级调研测试 英语 参考答案
16.in; 17. locally; 18.which; 19. However; support; 24. iscelebrated; 25. an
基础写作： Onepossible version: Tobuild up mutual trust among students in the new classes, theStudents’ Union is going to organise an Outward Bound activity forSenior One students, with the theme “We are a family”. It will beheld in Yuexiu Park from 9:30 am to 4:00 pm next Sunday. It willfeature/include a variety of activities, such as relay races andrescue games. Participants should wear sport clothes and bringtheir own lunch and water. Those who need to ask for leave shouldsend an email to email@example.com before January20th.
读写任务： Onepossible version: Thearticle describes how the Chinese festival of Single’s Day hasbecome a most profitable online shopping holiday. It also pointsout the risk of buying unnecessary things at highprices. Ithink online shopping has made the lives of many people much easierand more enriched, which partly explains the Nov. 11 e-shoppingphenomenon. Personally I havebeen able to buy many things online that I could not find in ourlocal stores, such as an old Japanese comic I bought from a comicbook website recently. Shopping online has also allowed me to savea lot of money. This year, for example, I purchased a pair ofglasses from an American website. These glasses cost 1500 yuan atthe department store near my home. But I paid only 100 dollarsonline, less than half the department storeprice!!! Ofcourse we must be careful when shopping online. We should only usewebsites that have a good reputation for quality and honestyotherwise our personal information may be stolen and the goods webuy may be of poor quality.